Study sets matching "plant nutrition"

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Study sets matching "plant nutrition"

15 terms
Plant Nutrition
Nutrients
Plant nutrients
Nitrates
Phosphates
Substances that a living organism needs to grow, repair itsel…
The mineral and non mineral nutrients that plants need for gr…
Special compounds containing nitrogen and oxygen that are nee…
Phosphorous-based nutrients that are needed for healthy roots…
Nutrients
Substances that a living organism needs to grow, repair itsel…
Plant nutrients
The mineral and non mineral nutrients that plants need for gr…
15 terms
Plant Nutrition
Purpose of Nitrogen
Chlorosis
Purpose of Potassium
Purpose of Phosphorus
Promotes leafy, vegetative growth. It's part of every protein…
Yellowing of a plant due to nutrient deficiency
Jelps regulate plant metabolism and affects water pressure re…
Responsible for transferring energy from one point to another…
Purpose of Nitrogen
Promotes leafy, vegetative growth. It's part of every protein…
Chlorosis
Yellowing of a plant due to nutrient deficiency
Plant Nutrition
Photosynthesis
Carbohydrates
Glucose
Carbon dioxide
The fundamental process from which plants use light energy to…
Sugars and starches. Plants make the sugar glucose which is s…
A simple sugar made during photosynthesis and used in respira…
One of the raw materials for photosynthesis. Obtained from th…
Photosynthesis
The fundamental process from which plants use light energy to…
Carbohydrates
Sugars and starches. Plants make the sugar glucose which is s…
28 terms
Plant Nutrition
Photosynthesis
Carbon dioxide + water --> oxygen + gl…
Chlorophyll
Stomata
The process by which plants manufacture glucose & oxygen from…
Photosynthesis word equation
A green pigment found in chloroplasts that absorbs light ener…
Small openings on the underside of a leaf through which oxyge…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants manufacture glucose & oxygen from…
Carbon dioxide + water --> oxygen + gl…
Photosynthesis word equation
9 terms
Plant Nutrition
chlorophyll
leaf stomata
phloem sap
phloem cells
the green substance in plants that makes it possible for them…
one of the very small openings in the epidermis of a plant or…
The watery fluid transported in the phloem containing sugars…
Transport phloem sap to ask parts of the plant
chlorophyll
the green substance in plants that makes it possible for them…
leaf stomata
one of the very small openings in the epidermis of a plant or…
7 terms
Plant Nutrition
Macronutrients
Nitrogen
Phosphorous
Potassium
Major nutrients - required in larger amounts: Nitrogen, phosp…
Needed in greater quantities than any other nutrient. From OM…
Important to development of roots and shoots. Deficiency: lea…
Supports photosynthesis, fruits and flowers. Deficiency blue/…
Macronutrients
Major nutrients - required in larger amounts: Nitrogen, phosp…
Nitrogen
Needed in greater quantities than any other nutrient. From OM…
21 terms
Plant Nutrition
Most plant dry biomass is built from w…
macronutrient? ... examples?
Micronutrients... example?
essential nutrient
...
building blocks; needed for nucleic acid and protein synthesi…
needed in smaller amounts than macronutrients (<100mg/kg)... exa…
required for plant to complete normal lifecycle ... Hydroponics:…
Most plant dry biomass is built from w…
...
macronutrient? ... examples?
building blocks; needed for nucleic acid and protein synthesi…
9 terms
Plant Nutrition
Nutrients
Plant nutrients
Nitrates
Magnesium
Substances that a living organism needs to grow, repair itsel…
The mineral and non mineral nutrients that plants need for gr…
Special compounds containing nitrogen and oxygen that are nee…
Used by plants to make chlorophyll
Nutrients
Substances that a living organism needs to grow, repair itsel…
Plant nutrients
The mineral and non mineral nutrients that plants need for gr…
Plant Nutrition
Nutrients
Mineral nutrients
Soil solution
Essential elements
raw materials plants obtain from the environment; major ingre…
inorganic elements that are used for various cellular processes
formed from minerals as ions dissolved in water; contacts the…
a plant nutrient that, if without, the plant will fail to com…
Nutrients
raw materials plants obtain from the environment; major ingre…
Mineral nutrients
inorganic elements that are used for various cellular processes
5 terms
Plant Nutrition
lack of essential nutrients
topsoil
nitrates
parasitic plants
exhibit specific symptoms depending on the function of the nu…
rich in organic matter
plants can only take up nitrate, nitrogen cycle by bacteria
tap into host's vascular system
lack of essential nutrients
exhibit specific symptoms depending on the function of the nu…
topsoil
rich in organic matter
21 terms
Plant Nutrition
Photosynthesis
Carbohydrates
Glucose
Carbon dioxide
The fundamental process from which plants use light energy to…
Sugars and starches. Plants make the sugar glucose which is s…
A simple sugar made during photosynthesis and used in respira…
One of the raw materials for photosynthesis. Obtained from th…
Photosynthesis
The fundamental process from which plants use light energy to…
Carbohydrates
Sugars and starches. Plants make the sugar glucose which is s…
17 terms
Plant Nutrition
Photosynthesis
Word Equation for Photosynthesis
Balanced Equation for Photosynthesis
Explain that chlorophyll transfers ___…
the process by which plants manufacture carbohydrates from ra…
Carbon Dioxide + Water → Glucose + Oxygen, in... the presence of…
6CO2 + 6H2O -- (light and chlorophyll) --> 6C12H6O + 6O2
light energy, chemical energy, synthesis
Photosynthesis
the process by which plants manufacture carbohydrates from ra…
Word Equation for Photosynthesis
Carbon Dioxide + Water → Glucose + Oxygen, in... the presence of…
21 terms
Plant Nutrition
Photosynthesis
Carbohydrates
Glucose
Carbon dioxide
The fundamental process from which plants use light energy to…
Sugars and starches. Plants make the sugar glucose which is s…
A simple sugar made during photosynthesis and used in respira…
One of the raw materials for photosynthesis. Obtained from th…
Photosynthesis
The fundamental process from which plants use light energy to…
Carbohydrates
Sugars and starches. Plants make the sugar glucose which is s…
8 terms
Plant Nutrition
Photosynthesis
Nitrates and Ammonium
Sulphates
Phosphates
The process by which plants produce energy (glucose) using su…
Mineral salts that produce proteins. Key element is nitrogen…
Mineral salts that produce proteins. Key element is sulphur a…
Mineral salts that produce DNA and chemicals involved in plan…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants produce energy (glucose) using su…
Nitrates and Ammonium
Mineral salts that produce proteins. Key element is nitrogen…
Plant nutrition
Absortion
Transport
Gas exchange
Photosynthesis
The water and the mineral salts move from the ground to the p…
The sap (raw or eleborated sap) moves inside the plant
Carbon dioxide enters to the plant and oxygen is relased
Transformation of raw sap into elaborated sap
Absortion
The water and the mineral salts move from the ground to the p…
Transport
The sap (raw or eleborated sap) moves inside the plant
17 terms
Plant Nutrition
Essential Elements
Soil Nutrients
Macronutrients
Nitrogen
16, including C, H, and O
13, absorbed dissolved in H2O , through roots
6, >1000 mg/kg dry wt, N, K, P, Ca, S, Mg
Component of amino acids, nucleic acids, coenzymes chlorophyll
Essential Elements
16, including C, H, and O
Soil Nutrients
13, absorbed dissolved in H2O , through roots
28 terms
Plant Nutrition
Micronutrients
Molybdenum
Molybdenum deficiency
Copper
Less than 0.1g/kg of dry weight
Required for nitrogen fixation and nitrate reduction.
Interveinal chlorosis appearing first on older leaves and the…
Activator or component of some enzymes involved in oxidation…
Micronutrients
Less than 0.1g/kg of dry weight
Molybdenum
Required for nitrogen fixation and nitrate reduction.
Plant Nutrition
essential nutrient
macronutrients
micronutrients
macronutrients: carbon
mineral whose absence prevents a plant from completing its li…
needed in large quantities, 9
needed in small quantities, 8
in air, functions in carbohydrate, lipid, protein and nucleic…
essential nutrient
mineral whose absence prevents a plant from completing its li…
macronutrients
needed in large quantities, 9
Plant Nutrition
Manganese
Iron
Manganese/Iron Deficiency
Boron
form of amino acid... - activates enzyme that split water (for p…
activates cytochrome (vital for photos)... activates co-enzymes
- yellowing b/w veins... - NB plants to harness energy of sun
- healthy cell formation - brown cracks in celery
Manganese
form of amino acid... - activates enzyme that split water (for p…
Iron
activates cytochrome (vital for photos)... activates co-enzymes
Plant nutrition
Macronutrients
Micronutrients
Quantity of essential nutrients
3 main essential nutrients
Needed in large quantities
Trace amounts
17 essential nutrients
Oxygen... Carbon... Hydrogen
Macronutrients
Needed in large quantities
Micronutrients
Trace amounts
5 terms
Plant Nutrition
Nutrition
There are two main types of nutrition…
Photosynthesis
What organelle will build inorganic to…
is the ability of an organism to take in nutrients... There are…
Photosynthesis and Chemosynthetic
using [light] to build inorganic to organic.
The chloroplast holds the chlorophyll, which is green and abs…
Nutrition
is the ability of an organism to take in nutrients... There are…
There are two main types of nutrition…
Photosynthesis and Chemosynthetic
9 terms
Plant Nutrition
Photosynthesis
Waxy Cuticle
Upper Epidermis
Palisade Mesophyll
The process by which some organisms can use light energy to t…
A water proof layer found at the top of a leaf
A layer of cells at the top of a leaf, makes the waxy cuticle…
Tall cells in a leaf just below the upper epidermis. Cells pa…
Photosynthesis
The process by which some organisms can use light energy to t…
Waxy Cuticle
A water proof layer found at the top of a leaf
17 terms
Plant nutrition
photosynthesis
photosynthesis balanced equation
limiting factor
light as a limiting factor
process by which plants manufacture carbohydrates from raw ma…
something present in the environment in such short supply tha…
dark = no photosynthesis... low light intensity = little photosy…
photosynthesis
process by which plants manufacture carbohydrates from raw ma…
photosynthesis balanced equation
18 terms
Plant nutrition
Photosynthesis
Chloroplast
Chlorophyll
Palisade cell
A complex set of reactions in which plants convert light ener…
Small structure containing chlorophyll that is found in plant…
The green pigment found in many plant cells that absorbs ligh…
Plant cells found within the mesophyll in leaves of many plan…
Photosynthesis
A complex set of reactions in which plants convert light ener…
Chloroplast
Small structure containing chlorophyll that is found in plant…
47 terms
Plant Nutrition
water, gasses
splitting water molecules
nitrogen deficiency
calcium deficiency
most weight in tree is from _____ brought in through the root…
oxygen released into atmosphere comes from ______, not from s…
white/yellow tiny leaves
twisted pale new growth
water, gasses
most weight in tree is from _____ brought in through the root…
splitting water molecules
oxygen released into atmosphere comes from ______, not from s…
19 terms
PLANT NUTRITION
Leaf
Mineral salts
Pores
Roots
the main organ of photosynthesis and transpiration in higher…
Inorganic components. Nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium
Small holes and spaces.
Absorbs water and minerals from the ground. Anchors plant in…
Leaf
the main organ of photosynthesis and transpiration in higher…
Mineral salts
Inorganic components. Nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium
plant nutrition
food
minerals
nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium
pH
Material consisting essentially of protein, carbohydrate,... and…
solutes dissolved in water, require ACTIVE TRANSPORT via prot…
primary macro nutrients
the relative acidity or alkalinity of a solution
food
Material consisting essentially of protein, carbohydrate,... and…
minerals
solutes dissolved in water, require ACTIVE TRANSPORT via prot…
26 terms
Plant Nutrition
How plants absorb and assimilate inorg…
Conversion of minerals to CHO, protein…
Over application= ?
Elements are considered essential if...
Mineral Nutrition
Nutrient assimilation
potential pollution
Plants cannot complete lifecycle properly... Constituent of esse…
How plants absorb and assimilate inorg…
Mineral Nutrition
Conversion of minerals to CHO, protein…
Nutrient assimilation
25 terms
Plant Nutrition
90% cellulose
essential nutrients
macronutrients
Nitrogen, Phosphorous, Potassium, Calc…
What makes up the vast majority of a plant's dry mass? - poly…
in nutritional requirements of plants - they are required for…
Nutrients that must be consumed in fairly large amounts and t…
N P K, examples of limiting nutirents
90% cellulose
What makes up the vast majority of a plant's dry mass? - poly…
essential nutrients
in nutritional requirements of plants - they are required for…
Plant Nutrition
give the balanced chemical equation fo…
what is photosynthesis?
Describe the transfer of materials in…
Where is the most chlorophyll located?
6CO2 + 6H2O ---> C6H12O6 + 6O2
the process of creating oxygen and food for a plant using lig…
carbon dioxide and light go in. Oxygen comes out. Water enter…
The palisade layer in the leaf
give the balanced chemical equation fo…
6CO2 + 6H2O ---> C6H12O6 + 6O2
what is photosynthesis?
the process of creating oxygen and food for a plant using lig…
PLANT NUTRITION
What's the word equation for photosynt…
What's the balanced equation for photo…
How do you test a leaf for starch?
How do you test the neccessity of chlo…
1. Boil leaf in water to make cell membranes permeable... 2. Boi…
- Leave plant w/ variegated leaves (green + white) in warm +…
What's the word equation for photosynt…
What's the balanced equation for photo…
29 terms
Plant Nutrition
Where does a plant's mass come from
Dry weight of plant is >90% cellulose…
Nutritional requirements of plants ... es…
Macronutrients are required in ____ ... L…
Most of plant's mass is H2O
glucose... photosynthesis
normal growth, ... reproduction, or
large quantities... nutrients... N, P, K
Where does a plant's mass come from
Most of plant's mass is H2O
Dry weight of plant is >90% cellulose…
glucose... photosynthesis
23 terms
Plant Nutrition
Anion
Cation
Cotransporter
Electrochemical Gradient
Negavely charged ions
Positively charged ions
...
...
Anion
Negavely charged ions
Cation
Positively charged ions
Plant Nutrition
Photoautotroph
Essential nutrient in plants
Macronutrient
Micronutrient
An organism that harnesses light energy to drive the synthesi…
Necessary for completion of the life cycle from seed to seed.
A chemical substance that an organism must obtain in relative…
An element that an organism needs in very small amounts and t…
Photoautotroph
An organism that harnesses light energy to drive the synthesi…
Essential nutrient in plants
Necessary for completion of the life cycle from seed to seed.
Plant Nutrition
Adaptations in leaf structure to aid p…
Adaptations in leaf structure to aid p…
Adaptations in leaf structure to aid p…
Palisade cells- Main function
Leaves are made wide and flat to increase surface area for ma…
Leaves are thin so it is easier for light to pass through the…
Takes more water to all the cells and take glucose away.
Photosynthesis
Adaptations in leaf structure to aid p…
Leaves are made wide and flat to increase surface area for ma…
Adaptations in leaf structure to aid p…
Leaves are thin so it is easier for light to pass through the…
Plant Nutrition
Nutrients
Plant nutrients
Nitrates
Phosphates
Substances that a living organism needs to grow, repair itsel…
The mineral and non mineral nutrients that plants need for gr…
Special compounds containing nitrogen and oxygen that are nee…
Phosphorous-based nutrients that are needed for healthy roots…
Nutrients
Substances that a living organism needs to grow, repair itsel…
Plant nutrients
The mineral and non mineral nutrients that plants need for gr…
11 terms
Plant Nutrition
Cuticle
Upper Epidermis
Palisade Mesophyll
Spongy Mesophyll
Reduces water loss by evaporation from the leaf and prevents…
Protect the inner cells and allows light to pass through; sin…
Long and cylindrical cells which contain the biggest number o…
Irregularly shaped cells which contain chloroplast for photos…
Cuticle
Reduces water loss by evaporation from the leaf and prevents…
Upper Epidermis
Protect the inner cells and allows light to pass through; sin…
Plant Nutrition
Where do plants obtain most of their w…
Soil texture
loams are:
Cations
- from the upper layers of soil... - living organisms play an im…
- topsoil consists of mineral particles, living organisms & h…
the most fertile topsoils, containing equal amounts of sand,…
K+, Ca2+, Mg2+ etc... - adhere to negatively charged soil partic…
Where do plants obtain most of their w…
- from the upper layers of soil... - living organisms play an im…
Soil texture
- topsoil consists of mineral particles, living organisms & h…
17 terms
Plant Nutrition
Food, Glucose, Chloroplasts, Green, Ch…
Carbon dioxide + water ---> Glucose +…
6CO2 + 6H20 ---> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Waxy cuticle
Photosynthesis:... Photosynthesis produces ____ for plants in th…
Word equation for photosynthesis:
Chemical equation for photosynthesis:
Label:... 1 & 11
Food, Glucose, Chloroplasts, Green, Ch…
Photosynthesis:... Photosynthesis produces ____ for plants in th…
Carbon dioxide + water ---> Glucose +…
Word equation for photosynthesis:
6 terms
Plant nutrition
Essential
Macro nutrients
Micro nutrients
Nitrogen
...
Calcium potassium magnesium sulfur phosphorus nitrogen
Boron zinc copper chlorine iron Molybdenum Manganese
Increases vegetation growth
Essential
...
Macro nutrients
Calcium potassium magnesium sulfur phosphorus nitrogen
Plant Nutrition
Autotrophs
How plants get C, H, and O
Nitrogen
Phopshorous
Synthesizes own food. Simple molecules drawn from environment.
CO2 from atm, H2O from soil.
Proteins and nucleic acids. Old leaves turn yellow and die pr…
Nucleic acids, ATP, phospholipids. Plant is dark green with p…
Autotrophs
Synthesizes own food. Simple molecules drawn from environment.
How plants get C, H, and O
CO2 from atm, H2O from soil.
12 terms
Plant Nutrition
Nitrogen
Phosphorous
Potassium
Calcium
Yellow leaves, stunted growth, lower leaves turn brown, leave…
small plants, reddish-purple leaves, slow growth, loss of pla…
small plants, brown margins on lower leaves, small weak stems…
small plants, deformed buds, distorted leaves, failure to gro…
Nitrogen
Yellow leaves, stunted growth, lower leaves turn brown, leave…
Phosphorous
small plants, reddish-purple leaves, slow growth, loss of pla…
44 terms
Plant nutrition
CO2
Take in, expel
Cellular respiration
Hydroponic culture
Plants derive most of their organic mass from ___
Roots ___ O2, and ___ CO2
The plant uses O2 for ___
Technique used to determine which chemical elements are essen…
CO2
Plants derive most of their organic mass from ___
Take in, expel
Roots ___ O2, and ___ CO2
38 terms
Plant Nutrition
autotroph
chemoautotroph
photoautotroph
heterotroph
create their own food from energy
use chemical energy to create food
use light energy to create food
obtain energy from eating plants and/or animals
autotroph
create their own food from energy
chemoautotroph
use chemical energy to create food
18 terms
plant nutrition
inorganic ions
macronutrients
micronutrients
humus
used by plant to live and produce organic material
C,O,H,N,S,P, and K, Ca, Mg
mostly co-enzymes for reactions
keeps soil from packing too tightly
inorganic ions
used by plant to live and produce organic material
macronutrients
C,O,H,N,S,P, and K, Ca, Mg
8 terms
Plant Nutrition
photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
Food
Sugar
the process by which plants, and some bacteria use the energy…
a molecule that absorbs red and blue light and reflects green…
source energy for living organisms
nutrient that cells use for energy
photosynthesis
the process by which plants, and some bacteria use the energy…
Chlorophyll
a molecule that absorbs red and blue light and reflects green…
8 terms
Plant nutrition
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Chlorophyll
It allows the plant to use sunlight fo…
how do plants feed?
what do you call plants that make their own food?
what make the leaf look green?
What does chlorophyll do?
Photosynthesis
how do plants feed?
Autotroph
what do you call plants that make their own food?
6 terms
Plant Nutrition
Plants grow using food they...
But to keep healthly they need...
Root hairs provide a large...
They have a thin cell membrane...
...make themsleves by photosynthesis.
..three important minerals which they get from the soil throu…
...surface area to give good absorption.
...which also helps a lto wth absorption.
Plants grow using food they...
...make themsleves by photosynthesis.
But to keep healthly they need...
..three important minerals which they get from the soil throu…
15 terms
Plant Nutrition
Nutrients
Plant nutrients
Nitrates
Phosphates
Substances that a living organism needs to grow, repair itsel…
The mineral and non mineral nutrients that plants need for gr…
Special compounds containing nitrogen and oxygen that are nee…
Phosphorous-based nutrients that are needed for healthy roots…
Nutrients
Substances that a living organism needs to grow, repair itsel…
Plant nutrients
The mineral and non mineral nutrients that plants need for gr…
14 terms
Plant Nutrition
Nutrients
Nitrates
Phosphates
Potassium
Substances that a living organism needs to grow, repair itsel…
Special compounds containing nitrogen and oxygen that are nee…
Phosphorous-based nutrients that are needed for healthy roots…
Needed for healthy leaves and flowers in plants
Nutrients
Substances that a living organism needs to grow, repair itsel…
Nitrates
Special compounds containing nitrogen and oxygen that are nee…
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