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Study sets matching "plant physiology"

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Study sets matching "plant physiology"

83 terms
Plant Physiology
Chloroplast
Vacuole
Tonoplast
Middle Lamella
A plant cell plastid containing chlorophyll; the site of phot…
A plant cell component usually filled with fluid and surround…
The membrane surrounding the vacuole
The _____ is sandwiched in between two layers of cell wall
Chloroplast
A plant cell plastid containing chlorophyll; the site of phot…
Vacuole
A plant cell component usually filled with fluid and surround…
27 terms
Plant physiology
photosynthesis
chlorophyll
magnesium
glucose
process occurring in chloroplasts where light energy is conve…
green pigment in chloroplasts, absorbs light energy
mineral needed to make chlorophyll
product of photosynthesis; used by plants in respiration
photosynthesis
process occurring in chloroplasts where light energy is conve…
chlorophyll
green pigment in chloroplasts, absorbs light energy
23 terms
Plant Physiology
physiology
chlorophyll
glucose
light intensity
study of the functions and vital processes of living creature…
green pigment in leaves
simple sugar and the building blocks for other nutrients
brightness of light
physiology
study of the functions and vital processes of living creature…
chlorophyll
green pigment in leaves
plant physiology
physiology
photosynthesis
respiration
transpiration
the branch of biology dealing with... the functions and activiti…
solar--> chemical energy... produces food, stores energy, occur…
energy in carbohydrate molecules is released in a form that c…
process by which water moves through a plant. Absorbed at roo…
physiology
the branch of biology dealing with... the functions and activiti…
photosynthesis
solar--> chemical energy... produces food, stores energy, occur…
165 terms
Plant Physiology
Root system
Shoot system
anchorage, absorption, food storage
lateral roots
All of a plant's roots that anchor it in the soil, absorb and…
The aerial portion of a plant body, consisting of stems, leav…
Purpose of roots
The roots that grow out of the sides of a taproot.
Root system
All of a plant's roots that anchor it in the soil, absorb and…
Shoot system
The aerial portion of a plant body, consisting of stems, leav…
22 terms
Plant Physiology
Xylem
Xylem Transport
Phloem
Phloem Transport
transports water (and soil minerals)... vessels are dead cells... u…
as water leaves the stomates, it pulls on the water column
transports sugar and hormones... vessels are alive... under positiv…
sugars are transported "actively" using ATP protein pumps... wat…
Xylem
transports water (and soil minerals)... vessels are dead cells... u…
Xylem Transport
as water leaves the stomates, it pulls on the water column
42 terms
Plant Physiology
Protoplasm
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cell Wall
Living matter of the cell
Surrounds the protoplasm and allows exchange of nutrients and…
Holds DNA; located in the center of the cell
Rigid structure; gives the plant its shape
Protoplasm
Living matter of the cell
Cell Membrane
Surrounds the protoplasm and allows exchange of nutrients and…
Plant Physiology
What are the important parts of a plat…
What are the components of a plant cel…
How does the cell wall structure of a…
What is the membrane that covers the v…
Rough and Smooth ERs, Nucleus, Chloroplast, vacuole, plasma m…
cellulose, xyloglucan, lamella pectin (middle lamella) and pe…
Primary cell wall of one cell, then the middle lamella and th…
tonoplast
What are the important parts of a plat…
Rough and Smooth ERs, Nucleus, Chloroplast, vacuole, plasma m…
What are the components of a plant cel…
cellulose, xyloglucan, lamella pectin (middle lamella) and pe…
22 terms
Plant Physiology
Xylem
Xylem Transport
Phloem
Phloem Transport
transports water (and soil minerals)... vessels are dead cells... u…
as water leaves the stomates, it pulls on the water column
transports sugar and hormones... vessels are alive... under positiv…
sugars are transported "actively" using ATP protein pumps... wat…
Xylem
transports water (and soil minerals)... vessels are dead cells... u…
Xylem Transport
as water leaves the stomates, it pulls on the water column
39 terms
Plant Physiology
roots do what?
Primary root (parts of a root)
Secondary root (parts of a root)
Root hairs (parts of a root)
1. absorb water and nutrients... 2. anchor and support ... 3. store…
first structure to emerge from germinating seed
arises from the primary root
single cell roots located a few mm back from root tip, absorb…
roots do what?
1. absorb water and nutrients... 2. anchor and support ... 3. store…
Primary root (parts of a root)
first structure to emerge from germinating seed
83 terms
Unit 2 Plant Physiology
Plants
Animals
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Multi-celluar organisms that are incapable of movement.
Multi-cellular organisms capable of movement
Found in bacteria and do not contain a nuclei
Found in plants and animals contain a nucleus
Plants
Multi-celluar organisms that are incapable of movement.
Animals
Multi-cellular organisms capable of movement
23 terms
Plant Physiology
physiology
chlorophyll
glucose
light intensity
study of the functions and vital processes of living creature…
green pigment in leaves
simple sugar and the building blocks for other nutrients
brightness of light
physiology
study of the functions and vital processes of living creature…
chlorophyll
green pigment in leaves
11 terms
Plant Physiology
Spongy Layer
Palisade cells
Xylem
Phloem
there is loosly packed cells, below the palisade layer, which…
the layer below the epidermis is made up of elongated cells,…
water and mineral ions are supplied throughout the leaf throu…
sugars, which is a product of photosynthesis, are carried awa…
Spongy Layer
there is loosly packed cells, below the palisade layer, which…
Palisade cells
the layer below the epidermis is made up of elongated cells,…
42 terms
Plant physiology
inhibit
spectacular
foliage
sucker
(/ɪnˈhɪbɪt/ inhibits, inhibiting, inhibited)... (VT) Hinder, res…
(/spɛkˈtakjʊlə/ adj) Beautiful in a dramatic and eye-catching…
(/ˈfəʊlɪɪdʒ/ U-N) Plant leaves collectively
(/ˈsʌkə) (Botany) A shoot springing from the base of a tree o…
inhibit
(/ɪnˈhɪbɪt/ inhibits, inhibiting, inhibited)... (VT) Hinder, res…
spectacular
(/spɛkˈtakjʊlə/ adj) Beautiful in a dramatic and eye-catching…
27 terms
Plant physiology
photosynthesis
chlorophyll
magnesium
glucose
process occurring in chloroplasts where light energy is conve…
green pigment in chloroplasts, absorbs light energy
mineral needed to make chlorophyll
product of photosynthesis; used by plants in respiration
photosynthesis
process occurring in chloroplasts where light energy is conve…
chlorophyll
green pigment in chloroplasts, absorbs light energy
128 terms
Plant Physiology
turgor pressure
hydrogen bond
surface tension
osmosis
Amount of pressure exerted by protoplasm onto cell wall, cell…
intermolecular force attracting hydrogen of water to electron…
cohesion property of water allows for high surface tension
movement of water driven by concentration gradients
turgor pressure
Amount of pressure exerted by protoplasm onto cell wall, cell…
hydrogen bond
intermolecular force attracting hydrogen of water to electron…
86 terms
Plant Physiology
Root System
Fibrous Root System
Taproot Root System
Shoot system
- everything underneath the ground (basic roots, tubers, bulb…
- Roots get to sol and branch out quickly to lots of directio…
- Large central root in middle... - Benefits: really strong anch…
- everything above ground (stem, branches, leaves, flowers, f…
Root System
- everything underneath the ground (basic roots, tubers, bulb…
Fibrous Root System
- Roots get to sol and branch out quickly to lots of directio…
61 terms
plant physiology
kingdom plantae
root system
shoot system
fibrous root
Autotrophs... Most are multicellular... Eukaryotes... Cell walls... Sessile
Everything that is below ground (roots, bulbs, tubers)... Brings…
Everything above the ground (stems, branches, leaves, flowers…
system that branches out... Increased surface area... Efficient at…
kingdom plantae
Autotrophs... Most are multicellular... Eukaryotes... Cell walls... Sessile
root system
Everything that is below ground (roots, bulbs, tubers)... Brings…
21 terms
Plant Physiology
Absorption Spectrum
Action Spectrum
Engelmann Conclusion
Antenna Complex
Chloroplasts absorb light at certain wavelengths
Chloroplasts produce oxygen from the light, therefore creatin…
Chlorophyll light absorption is directly related to oxygen pr…
array of protein and chlorophyll molecules, embedded in the t…
Absorption Spectrum
Chloroplasts absorb light at certain wavelengths
Action Spectrum
Chloroplasts produce oxygen from the light, therefore creatin…
59 terms
plant physiology
symplastic transport
apoplastic
semiautonomous
plastids
through plasmodesmata ... -cells communicate through plasmodesmata
use extracellular space
mintochondria/chloroplast
chromoplast, amyloplast, etioplast, chloroplast
symplastic transport
through plasmodesmata ... -cells communicate through plasmodesmata
apoplastic
use extracellular space
58 terms
Plant Physiology
Taxonomy
Scientific Names
Latin
Carlos Linnaeus
The science of classifying and identifying organisms such as…
Necessary because the same common name is used for different…
The language used for scientific classification
A Swedish botanist, developed the binomial system of naming p…
Taxonomy
The science of classifying and identifying organisms such as…
Scientific Names
Necessary because the same common name is used for different…
27 terms
Plant physiology
Root pressure
Capillary action
Transpiration pull
uptake
parcie korzeniowe
transport kapilarny
siła ssąca
pobierać
Root pressure
parcie korzeniowe
Capillary action
transport kapilarny
39 terms
Plant Physiology
Taxonomy
Scientific names
Latin
Carlos Linnaeus
is the science of classifying and identifying organisms such…
are necessary because the same common name is used for differ…
is the language used for scientific classification
developed the binomial system of naming plants using two Lati…
Taxonomy
is the science of classifying and identifying organisms such…
Scientific names
are necessary because the same common name is used for differ…
26 terms
plant physiology
Taxonomy
scientific names
latin
carlos linnaeus
SCIENCE OF CLASSIFICATION; IN BIOLOGY, THE PROCESS OF CLASSIF…
are necessary because the same common name is used for differ…
the language used for scientific classififcation
swedish botanist developed the binomial system of naming plan…
Taxonomy
SCIENCE OF CLASSIFICATION; IN BIOLOGY, THE PROCESS OF CLASSIF…
scientific names
are necessary because the same common name is used for differ…
49 terms
plant physiology
taxonomy
scientific names
latin
carlos linnaeus
the science of classifying and identifying organisms such as…
are necessary because because the same common name is used fo…
the language used for scientific classification
a swedish botanist , developed the binomial system of naming…
taxonomy
the science of classifying and identifying organisms such as…
scientific names
are necessary because because the same common name is used fo…
11 terms
plant physiology
guard cells
chloroplasts
photosynthesis
leaf scars
surround the stomates and regulate the open and close of the…
are small green particles that contain chlorophyll,give leave…
is a process by which plants capture sunlight and use it to c…
indicate where leaves were leaves were attached
guard cells
surround the stomates and regulate the open and close of the…
chloroplasts
are small green particles that contain chlorophyll,give leave…
50 terms
Plant Physiology
Photoperiodism first observed in
Senescence important for
Senescence hormone
Pruning helps in
Tobacco
vessels & tracheid differentiation
ABA (ans)
Frees axillary bonds from apical dominance
Photoperiodism first observed in
Tobacco
Senescence important for
vessels & tracheid differentiation
49 terms
plant physiology
main characteristics of the plant king…
Bryophyta
Pterophyta
coniferophyta
1. Eukaryotic... 2. Multicellular... 3. Autotrophic... 4. Cell walls m…
-non-vascular plants with dominant gametophyte (mosses, liver…
-seedless vascular plants (ferns)... -Dominant sporophyte
-cone bearing plants (pine, fir, etc.)... -Dominant sporophyte
main characteristics of the plant king…
1. Eukaryotic... 2. Multicellular... 3. Autotrophic... 4. Cell walls m…
Bryophyta
-non-vascular plants with dominant gametophyte (mosses, liver…
Plant Physiology
Plant Kingdom
sporophyte
gametophyte
alternation of generations
-Eukaryotic... -Multicellular... -Autotrophic (photosynthetic)... -Cel…
-cell are diploid... -produces pores... -multicellular
-cells are haploid... -produces gametes... -multicellular
Sporophyte(2n)→produce Spores→grow into gametophyte(n)→produc…
Plant Kingdom
-Eukaryotic... -Multicellular... -Autotrophic (photosynthetic)... -Cel…
sporophyte
-cell are diploid... -produces pores... -multicellular
33 terms
Plant Physiology
Characteristics
4 major classes
Angiosperm
Bryophyta
Most have multicellular (some algae is unicellular), eukaryot…
Angiosperm Bryophyta Gymnosperm Pterophyta
Flowering... Seeds develop within ovary
• Non vascular... • Very small... • Small in structure... • Non-floewr…
Characteristics
Most have multicellular (some algae is unicellular), eukaryot…
4 major classes
Angiosperm Bryophyta Gymnosperm Pterophyta
24 terms
Plant physiology
photosynthesis
physiology plants
chlorophyll
glucose
A series of chemical process that change light energy into si…
the study of how the organs of a plant function and the compl…
the green mateitial in the plants leaves and stem
a simple sugar that contains the building blocks for other ch…
photosynthesis
A series of chemical process that change light energy into si…
physiology plants
the study of how the organs of a plant function and the compl…
23 terms
Plant Physiology
Photosynthesis Equation
Cellular Respiration Equation
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
6CO2 + 6H20 --> C6H12O6 + 6CO2
C6H12O6 +6O2 --> 6H2O +6CO2
Photosynthesis is a series of processes in which light energy…
Respiration is a process by which living cells take in oxygen…
Photosynthesis Equation
6CO2 + 6H20 --> C6H12O6 + 6CO2
Cellular Respiration Equation
C6H12O6 +6O2 --> 6H2O +6CO2
Plant Physiology
loam
topsoil
humus
capillarity
A mixture of sand, silt, and clay
A mixture of loam, living organisms, and humus
Dark material in the soil; composed of dead organic matter
The property of water that causes it to cling to surfaces; on…
loam
A mixture of sand, silt, and clay
topsoil
A mixture of loam, living organisms, and humus
69 terms
Plant Physiology
Roots
Taproot
Fibrous root
Mutualism
Parts of a plant responsible for the uptake of water and mine…
A type of root found in dicot plants that consists of one lar…
A type of root found in monocot plant that consists of multip…
A beneficial relationship in which two organisms live in clos…
Roots
Parts of a plant responsible for the uptake of water and mine…
Taproot
A type of root found in dicot plants that consists of one lar…
Plant Physiology
Photorespiration
RuBisCO (ribulose-1,5-biphosphate carb…
C4 photosynthesis
PEP Carboxylase
side reaction of RuBisCo... uses O2 and releases CO2... reduces eff…
evolved when atmospheric CO2 concentrations were very high
high photosynthetic capacity... high water use efficiency... concen…
fixes CO2 to form 4-C organic acid
Photorespiration
side reaction of RuBisCo... uses O2 and releases CO2... reduces eff…
RuBisCO (ribulose-1,5-biphosphate carb…
evolved when atmospheric CO2 concentrations were very high
23 terms
Plant Physiology
physiology
chlorophyll
glucose
light intensity
study of the functions and vital processes of living creature…
green pigment in leaves
simple sugar and the building blocks for other nutrients
brightness of light
physiology
study of the functions and vital processes of living creature…
chlorophyll
green pigment in leaves
131 terms
Plant Physiology
Symbiotic Relationship
Bulb
Plant Physiology
Root System
when both things benefit from a relationship
reproductive part
how plants work together
everything below the plant
Symbiotic Relationship
when both things benefit from a relationship
Bulb
reproductive part
23 terms
Plant Physiology
Physiology
Chlorophyll
Glucose
Light Intensity
-study of the functions and vital processes of living creatur…
-green pigment in leaves
-simple sugar and the building blocks for other nutrients
-brightness of light
Physiology
-study of the functions and vital processes of living creatur…
Chlorophyll
-green pigment in leaves
41 terms
Plant Physiology
roots do what?
Primary root (parts of a root)
Secondary root (parts of a root)
Root hairs (parts of a root)
1. absorb water and nutrients... 2. anchor and support ... 3. store…
first structure to emerge from germinating seed
arises from the primary root
single cell roots located a few mm back from root tip, absorb…
roots do what?
1. absorb water and nutrients... 2. anchor and support ... 3. store…
Primary root (parts of a root)
first structure to emerge from germinating seed
259 terms
Plant physiology
Plants live in boxes made of what 2 ma…
Plants are photoautotrophic which mean…
Define a producer?
Plant cell walls are?
Cellulose and hemicellulose
Get energy from light
Plants are at the bottom of the food chain
Rigid
Plants live in boxes made of what 2 ma…
Cellulose and hemicellulose
Plants are photoautotrophic which mean…
Get energy from light
15 terms
Plant Physiology
Annual
Biennial
Perennial
Life Cycle
A plant that completes its life cycle in one year
A plant that completes its life cycle in two years
A plant that completes its life cycle in more than two years
The period of time from germination to death
Annual
A plant that completes its life cycle in one year
Biennial
A plant that completes its life cycle in two years
57 terms
Plant Physiology
Plant Kingdom
sporophyte
gametophyte
alternation of generations
-Eukaryotic... -Multicellular... -Autotrophic (photosynthetic)... -Cel…
-cell are diploid... -produces pores... -multicellular
-cells are haploid... -produces gametes... -multicellular
Sporophyte(2n)→produce Spores→grow into gametophyte(n)→produc…
Plant Kingdom
-Eukaryotic... -Multicellular... -Autotrophic (photosynthetic)... -Cel…
sporophyte
-cell are diploid... -produces pores... -multicellular
53 terms
Plant Physiology
Plant Kingdom
Alternation of Generation
Sporophyte
Gametophyte
- Eukaryotic... - Multicellular... - Autotrophic... - Cells walls of c…
The life cycle of plants... - Sporophyte or Gametophyte... In a pl…
A stage of the plant cycle... - All cells are diploid... - Responsi…
A stage of the plan cycle... - All cells haploid... - Responsible f…
Plant Kingdom
- Eukaryotic... - Multicellular... - Autotrophic... - Cells walls of c…
Alternation of Generation
The life cycle of plants... - Sporophyte or Gametophyte... In a pl…
23 terms
Plant Physiology
physiology
chlorophyll
glucose
light intensity
study of the functions and vital processes of living creature…
green pigment in leaves
simple sugar and the building blocks for other nutrients
brightness of light
physiology
study of the functions and vital processes of living creature…
chlorophyll
green pigment in leaves
29 terms
plant physiology
root system
root hairs
mycorrhizae
get nutrients from insects
bring in water for the plant, bring in dissolved minerals fro…
increases the surface area of the roots
symbiotic relationship for a plant & fungus, plant gains an i…
why are some plants carnivorous (venus fly trap)
root system
bring in water for the plant, bring in dissolved minerals fro…
root hairs
increases the surface area of the roots
18 terms
plant physiology
organelle
cell
the seven life processes are
cuticle
a specialized part of a cell
the building block of every living thing
movement ... respiration... sensitivity... growth... reproduction... excreti…
allows water to drop of a leaf
organelle
a specialized part of a cell
cell
the building block of every living thing
49 terms
Plant Physiology
Marchantia is a member of the phylum _…
Describe sexual organs in bryophytes?
Male sex organ in bryophytes:
The antheridiophore is shaped like a
1. liverworts ... 2. Bryophyte ... 3. Specialized vascular tissue…
Housed on separate thallus (picture shown) but near each other.
antheridiophore
disc
Marchantia is a member of the phylum _…
1. liverworts ... 2. Bryophyte ... 3. Specialized vascular tissue…
Describe sexual organs in bryophytes?
Housed on separate thallus (picture shown) but near each other.
37 terms
Plant Physiology
Photo Hormone
Auxin
Gibberellins
Abscisic Acid
a chemical messenger that transports a signal from one cell t…
...
...
...
Photo Hormone
a chemical messenger that transports a signal from one cell t…
Auxin
...
44 terms
Plant Physiology
2 types defense mechanisms
3 types Surface protection
Cutin Functions & Makeup
2˚ Metabolites function
1. Surface protection... 2. 2˚ Metabolites
Cutin, Waxes, Suberin
1. transpiration... (water level plant to stoma)... 2. barrier... (pat…
1. defense ONLY... -eaten by herbivores, ... -against infection by…
2 types defense mechanisms
1. Surface protection... 2. 2˚ Metabolites
3 types Surface protection
Cutin, Waxes, Suberin
Plant Physiology
Characteristics of the Plant Kingdom
Autotrophic
sporophyte
gametophyte
Eukaryotic, Multicellular, Autotrophic, cell wall with cellul…
they make their own food through photosynthesis
diploid and creates spores/ stem, leaves, roots, etc.
haploid and produces gametes/ the base of the flowering plant…
Characteristics of the Plant Kingdom
Eukaryotic, Multicellular, Autotrophic, cell wall with cellul…
Autotrophic
they make their own food through photosynthesis
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