Study sets matching "plant test chapter 30"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "plant test chapter 30"

chapter 30: plant diversity
sporophyte embryo, food supply, and se…
female gametophyte
male gametophytes
where does the seed develop
what does a seed consist of?
ovules, megaspores and megasporangium
develop pollen grains, microspores and microsporangium
the ovule
sporophyte embryo, food supply, and se…
what does a seed consist of?
female gametophyte
ovules, megaspores and megasporangium
Plant Diversity - Chapter 30
Seed
360
Integument
Ovule
An adaptation of some terrestrial plants consisting of an emb…
See plants are believed to have originated as far back as ___…
Layer of sporophyte tissue that contributes to the structure…
A structure that develops within the ovary of a seed plant an…
Seed
An adaptation of some terrestrial plants consisting of an emb…
360
See plants are believed to have originated as far back as ___…
Chapter 30 Plant II
integuments
ovule
pollen
pollination
Layers of sporophyte tissue that protect megasporangium
Whole structure of megasporangium, megaspore, and integuments
Microspores develop into __________, which contains the male…
Transfer of pollen to ovules
integuments
Layers of sporophyte tissue that protect megasporangium
ovule
Whole structure of megasporangium, megaspore, and integuments
23 terms
Chapter 30, Plant Diversity II: The Evolution of Seed Plants, Campbell 8e
seed
integument
ovule
pollen grain
plant embryo and a food supply encased in a protective covering
a layer of sporophyte tissue that incases and protects the me…
A structure that develops within the ovary of a seed plant an…
Structure consisting of a few haploid cells surrounded by a t…
seed
plant embryo and a food supply encased in a protective covering
integument
a layer of sporophyte tissue that incases and protects the me…
85 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity II
Heterosporous
Megaspore
Microspore
Megasporangium
Produces two types of spores
The larger of the two kinds of spores produced by some ferns
The smaller of the two kinds of spore produced by some ferns.
A plant structure in which megaspores are formed, such as tho…
Heterosporous
Produces two types of spores
Megaspore
The larger of the two kinds of spores produced by some ferns
17 terms
LZHS Bio II Chapter 30 Plant Reproduction
Stamen
Anther
Filament
Carpel (Pistil)
Male reproductive part of flower; made of the anther & filament
Part of the male reproductive part of a flower; produces poll…
Part of the male reproductive part of a flower; holds up (sup…
Female reproductive part of flower; made of the style, stigma…
Stamen
Male reproductive part of flower; made of the anther & filament
Anther
Part of the male reproductive part of a flower; produces poll…
46 terms
chapter 30 plant ****
They consisted of only photosynthetic…
Rhizoids lack xylem tissue
It has xylem tissue.
Genes for ABA signalling
Cooksonia is a genus of very early tracheophytes plants. Unli…
Why is a rhizoid not considered a true root?
Azolla filiculoides is a small aquatic fern that is typically…
Hepaticophytes lack stomata and tracheids. What would provide…
They consisted of only photosynthetic…
Cooksonia is a genus of very early tracheophytes plants. Unli…
Rhizoids lack xylem tissue
Why is a rhizoid not considered a true root?
10 terms
Chapter 30 Plant Vocab
antheridium
archegonium
sorus
sporangium
male reproductive structure that produces hundreds of flagell…
female reproductive structure that produces a single egg by m…
cluster of sporangia
specialized sac, case, capsule, or other structure that produ…
antheridium
male reproductive structure that produces hundreds of flagell…
archegonium
female reproductive structure that produces a single egg by m…
Plant Chapter 30 vocab
integument
ovule
pollen grain
pollination
a layer of sporophyte tissue that envelops and protects the m…
consists of a megasporangium, megaspore and their integument…
develops from a microspore and consists of a male gametophyte…
the transfer of pollen to the part of the seed that contains…
integument
a layer of sporophyte tissue that envelops and protects the m…
ovule
consists of a megasporangium, megaspore and their integument…
35 terms
Chapter 30 Plant Reproduction
spores
sporophyte
gametophyte
alternation of generations
cells that disperse and give rise to a new haploid generation
Diploid, or spore-producing, phase of an organism
Haploid, or gamete-producing, phase of an organism
the life cycle in which a haploid gametophyte and a diploid s…
spores
cells that disperse and give rise to a new haploid generation
sporophyte
Diploid, or spore-producing, phase of an organism
42 terms
Chapter 30 Plant Diversity 2
Seed
Common in seed plants
Advantages of reduced gametophyte
Homosporous
consists of an embryo and nutrients surrounded by a protectiv…
Reduced gametophytes... Heterospory ... Ovules... Pollen
The gametophytes of seed plants develop within walls of spore…
Ancestors of seed plants were most likely ___________.
Seed
consists of an embryo and nutrients surrounded by a protectiv…
Common in seed plants
Reduced gametophytes... Heterospory ... Ovules... Pollen
Biology: Chapter 30: Plant Reproduction
Angiosperms
Plant Reproduction in a Flower
Stamen
Anther
Plants that protect their seeds within the body... of a fruit.
contains anther and filament
where meiosis occurs
Angiosperms
Plants that protect their seeds within the body... of a fruit.
Plant Reproduction in a Flower
30 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity
What makes Green algae an ancestor of…
Several important evolutionary adaptat…
Several important evolutionary adaptat…
The sporophyte has two types of sporan…
Chlorophyll, cell walls, and DNA sequences
B)Evolution of a chlorophyll as a pigment for photosynthesis.
1))Evolution of a water‑impermeable cuticle.... 2))Evolution of…
Heterosporous
What makes Green algae an ancestor of…
Chlorophyll, cell walls, and DNA sequences
Several important evolutionary adaptat…
B)Evolution of a chlorophyll as a pigment for photosynthesis.
129 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity II
How did seed change the course of plan…
Seed
Can seed disperse over long distances…
What are common in all seed plants ?
They enabled their bearers to become the dominant producers i…
Consists of an embryo and nutrient surrounding (food supply)…
Yes.
1)Reduced gametophytes ... 2) Heterospory ... 3) Ovules ... 4) Pollen
How did seed change the course of plan…
They enabled their bearers to become the dominant producers i…
Seed
Consists of an embryo and nutrient surrounding (food supply)…
Chapter 30- Plants
Bryophytes
pteridophytes
Polypodiophyta
Equisetophyta
NOT MONOPHYLETIC... 3 Phyla:... -phylum Hepatophyta: liverworts (…
4 phyla... 1)whisk ferns-psilotophyta ... 2)club mosses and quillw…
ferns and fern allies... -11,000 species... -all have megaphylls-f…
horsetails and scouring rushes... (silica)... - single remaining ge…
Bryophytes
NOT MONOPHYLETIC... 3 Phyla:... -phylum Hepatophyta: liverworts (…
pteridophytes
4 phyla... 1)whisk ferns-psilotophyta ... 2)club mosses and quillw…
31 terms
Chapter 30- Seed Plants
Spore
Seeds
Megasporangia
Microsporangia
Single celled and very tough. It is retained in the sporophyt…
An embryo with a food supply and a protective coat.
This structure is often called a nucellus. Retained within a…
Produce microspores. The pollen gets around by wind or anothe…
Spore
Single celled and very tough. It is retained in the sporophyt…
Seeds
An embryo with a food supply and a protective coat.
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity
Angiosperms
Bryophytes
cone
cuticle
• Fruit/Flowering plants... • Independent from water for fertili…
• land plants with NO vascular tissue... • dependent on water fo…
• reproductive structure of a gymnosperm... • ovulate: seed bear…
• impermeable covering of the leaf... • secreted by epidermal ti…
Angiosperms
• Fruit/Flowering plants... • Independent from water for fertili…
Bryophytes
• land plants with NO vascular tissue... • dependent on water fo…
31 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Reproduction
receptacle
sepal
petal
stamen
the enlarged tip of a flower stalk to which the flower is att…
in a flower, one of the outermost rings of modified leaves th…
one of the usually brightly colored, leaf-shaped parts that m…
the male reproductive structure of a flower that produces pol…
receptacle
the enlarged tip of a flower stalk to which the flower is att…
sepal
in a flower, one of the outermost rings of modified leaves th…
39 terms
Chapter 30: Plants
Xylem
Phloem
Vascular plants normally have_________.
This type of plant, most bears cones,…
Conducts water and minerals up from the soil. Also supports t…
Transports organic nutrients from one part of the plant to an…
True roots, stems, and leaves
Gymnosperms
Xylem
Conducts water and minerals up from the soil. Also supports t…
Phloem
Transports organic nutrients from one part of the plant to an…
10 terms
Chapter 30 Plant Reproduction
Fertilization
In angiosperms the sporophyte is....
Flowers are composed of...
Within the carpel is...
Fusion of gametes, results in diploid zygotes, which divide b…
the dominant generation, it is longer and lives longer than t…
They are the reproductive shoots of angiosperm sporophytes, a…
An ovary, which is at its base.
Fertilization
Fusion of gametes, results in diploid zygotes, which divide b…
In angiosperms the sporophyte is....
the dominant generation, it is longer and lives longer than t…
6 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Reproduction
spores
sporophyte
gametophyte
alternation of generations
cells that divide and give rise to a new haploid generation
the diploid generation
the haploid generation
the life cycle of haploid gametophyte and diploid sporophyte;…
spores
cells that divide and give rise to a new haploid generation
sporophyte
the diploid generation
31 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Reproduction
receptacle
sepal
petal
stamen
the enlarged tip of a flower stalk to which the flower is att…
in a flower, one of the outermost rings of modified leaves th…
one of the usually brightly colored, leaf-shaped parts that m…
the male reproductive structure of a flower that produces pol…
receptacle
the enlarged tip of a flower stalk to which the flower is att…
sepal
in a flower, one of the outermost rings of modified leaves th…
Chapter 30: Plant Reproduction
Flowers
bryophyte
Anther
ovules
sporophyte (diploid) dominant
gametophyte (haploid) dominant
sporangia produces microspores (haploid)
sporangia produces megaspores (haploid)
Flowers
sporophyte (diploid) dominant
bryophyte
gametophyte (haploid) dominant
33 terms
Chapter 30- Plant diversity
Seed
Derived traits of SEED plants
Integument
The ovule consists of :
sporophyte embryo + nutrients surrounded by a protective coat…
-Reduced gametophytes ... -Heterospory (like heterosporous)... Hom…
-Protecting coat- Layer of sporophyte envelopping and protect…
Megasporangium + Megaspore + Integuments ( develops into fema…
Seed
sporophyte embryo + nutrients surrounded by a protective coat…
Derived traits of SEED plants
-Reduced gametophytes ... -Heterospory (like heterosporous)... Hom…
Chapter 30: Plant Reproduction
receptacle
sepal
petal
stamen
the enlarged tip of a flower stalk to which the flower is att…
in a flower, one of the outermost rings of modified leaves th…
one of the usually brightly colored, leaf-shaped parts that m…
the male reproductive structure of a flower that produces pol…
receptacle
the enlarged tip of a flower stalk to which the flower is att…
sepal
in a flower, one of the outermost rings of modified leaves th…
Chapter 30 Seedless Plants
Land plants
Stomata
Tracheids
Haplodiplonic
all evoled from green algae 1bya, photoautotrophic, excludes…
Important opening for gas exchange and water diffusion on the…
A water-conducting and supportive element of xylem composed o…
stages of reproduction with both multi cellularity in haploid…
Land plants
all evoled from green algae 1bya, photoautotrophic, excludes…
Stomata
Important opening for gas exchange and water diffusion on the…
14 terms
Chapter 30 Plant Reproduction
caylx
corolla
vernalization
monoecious
outermost whorl
collective petals
period of chilling needed for flowering
male and female flowers on the same plant
caylx
outermost whorl
corolla
collective petals
Chapter 30: Plant diversity
Angiosperms
Gymnosperms
Advantages of angiosperms
Meiosis of angiosperms
Seeds that produce fruit... Adaptive flowers
Exposed seeds with no mature ovaries that dont produce fruit
Got them flowers bby... Have female and male reproductive parts…
Microsporophytes (2n) produced in anthers then divide thru me…
Angiosperms
Seeds that produce fruit... Adaptive flowers
Gymnosperms
Exposed seeds with no mature ovaries that dont produce fruit
22 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity 2
Two Phyla of Seed Plants
Five Seed Plant Synapomorphies
Reduced Gametophytes
Heterospory (Two Types of Spores)
Gymnosperms and Angiosperms
1. Reduced gametophytes... 2. Heterospory... 3. Ovules... 4. Pollen... 5.…
-Microscopic... -Develop from spores... -Retained within sporangia…
megasporophyll (leaves) microsporophyll... megasporangia (sporan…
Two Phyla of Seed Plants
Gymnosperms and Angiosperms
Five Seed Plant Synapomorphies
1. Reduced gametophytes... 2. Heterospory... 3. Ovules... 4. Pollen... 5.…
9 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity II
What is the advantage of a dominant sp…
What are progymnosperms and what was A…
What are the derived traits of seed pl…
What are the ten living plant clades:
The reduction of gametophytes and its dependency on the sporo…
Progymnosperms - vascular plants that showed all of the trait…
1. Reduced gametophytes... 2. Heterospory ... 3. Ovules... 4. Pollen... 5…
Nonvascular... 1. Phylum Hepatophyta (liverworts) ... 2. Phylum Bry…
What is the advantage of a dominant sp…
The reduction of gametophytes and its dependency on the sporo…
What are progymnosperms and what was A…
Progymnosperms - vascular plants that showed all of the trait…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 30 Plant Diversity 2
Objectives
Reproductive Adaptations of Seed Plants
Reduced and Retained Gametophytes
Mosses and other nonvascular plants
Reproductive Adaptations of Seed plants ... Gymnosperms ... Angio…
Reduced and Retained Gametophytes ... Ovules ... Pollen ... Seed
Seed plants are heterosporous ... {} megaspores (-> female gemte…
Objectives
Reproductive Adaptations of Seed plants ... Gymnosperms ... Angio…
Reproductive Adaptations of Seed Plants
Reduced and Retained Gametophytes ... Ovules ... Pollen ... Seed
28 terms
Biology: Chapter 30 Plant Diversity II
2 main groups of seed plants
seeds
pollen
angiosperms
gymnosperms and angiosperms
provide developing embryo with ... -food... -seed coat for protecti…
transports sperm through dry air
-originated at least 140 mya... -dominated terrestrial ecosystem…
2 main groups of seed plants
gymnosperms and angiosperms
seeds
provide developing embryo with ... -food... -seed coat for protecti…
Chapter 30 Plant Reproduction
Land Plants
Sporopollenin
Characteristics of Sporophytes
Seed-Producing Plants
-Both the haploid and diploid phases of this cycle are multic…
-Coat material that protects the spores (resists desiccation…
Production of spores, diploid tissues, some undergo meiosis
-Fertilization is independent of water... -Seeds disperse away f…
Land Plants
-Both the haploid and diploid phases of this cycle are multic…
Sporopollenin
-Coat material that protects the spores (resists desiccation…
71 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Reproduction
how were haploid and diploid cells dis…
Coleochaete and Chara (green algae) ha…
how does fertilization work in green a…
Coleochaete has the haploid products o…
haploid cells are sent in one generation and diploid in the s…
haploid; diploid
two haploid cells are joined to make a diploid and then split…
by flagella until it is settled in it new location; carried b…
how were haploid and diploid cells dis…
haploid cells are sent in one generation and diploid in the s…
Coleochaete and Chara (green algae) ha…
haploid; diploid
26 terms
Chapter 30 - Seed Plants
Agriculture
Common adaptations to all seed plants:
What do seeds protect against?
Megaspore
Cultivation / harvest of angiosperms
- reduced gametophytes... - heterospory... - productions of ovules…
Desiccation and UV rays
Female gametophyte
Agriculture
Cultivation / harvest of angiosperms
Common adaptations to all seed plants:
- reduced gametophytes... - heterospory... - productions of ovules…
Chapter 30: Plant Transport
Assimilate transport
true or false:
Amount of water lost in a single day b…
characteristics of evaporation of wate…
movement of substances through the phloem
One sunflower plant, bulk for bulk, "perspires" 18x more wate…
50-100 gallons
-Nearly 99% of water absorbed by roots is released through tr…
Assimilate transport
movement of substances through the phloem
true or false:
One sunflower plant, bulk for bulk, "perspires" 18x more wate…
48 terms
Overview of Plants Chapter 30
Plants Kingdom
Early land plants faced:
Cuticles
Stomata
Kingdom Plantae
losing water, reproducing on land and absorbing nutrient from…
waxy protective covering, keeps water in
pores where plants take in CO2 and release O2
Plants Kingdom
Kingdom Plantae
Early land plants faced:
losing water, reproducing on land and absorbing nutrient from…
48 terms
Chapter 30 - Evolution of Seed Plants
homosporous
heterosporous
megasporangia
microsporangia
produce one kind of spore; usually gives rise to a bisexual g…
produces two kinds of spores: megasporangia and microsporangia
produce megaspores; give rise to female gametophytes
produce microspores; give rise to male gametophytes
homosporous
produce one kind of spore; usually gives rise to a bisexual g…
heterosporous
produces two kinds of spores: megasporangia and microsporangia
11 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Processes
What type of plants use CAM photosynth…
What is different about CAM photosynth…
Explain the size of desert plants usin…
Name the steps of CAM photosynthesis u…
Desert plants to prevent dehydration
Stomatas stay closed during the day and open during the night
CAM photosynthesis requires extra energy that would typically…
1. CO2 enters... 2. CO2 combines with PEP = OAA... 3. OAA stays in…
What type of plants use CAM photosynth…
Desert plants to prevent dehydration
What is different about CAM photosynth…
Stomatas stay closed during the day and open during the night
20 terms
Biology Chapter 30: Seedless Plants
Origin of Land Plants
Land plants
Reproduction
Multicellular diploid stage
Green algae split into two major clades:... Chlorophytes - Didn…
Have multicellular haploid and diploid stages. Have smaller h…
All land plants are haplodiplontic, which means they have bot…
This creates sporophytes. This stage uses meiosis to create…
Origin of Land Plants
Green algae split into two major clades:... Chlorophytes - Didn…
Land plants
Have multicellular haploid and diploid stages. Have smaller h…
7 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity II - The Evolution of Seed Plants
Two Categories of Seed Plants
Gymnosperms
Anglosperms
Things in common (between Gymnosperms…
1.) Gymnosperms ... 2.) Anglosperms
"Naked seeds" → don't have seeds
Flowering plants
-Pollen... -Ovules... -Heterosporous... -Seeds... -Anglosperms are the do…
Two Categories of Seed Plants
1.) Gymnosperms ... 2.) Anglosperms
Gymnosperms
"Naked seeds" → don't have seeds
Chapter 30: Reproduction of Flowering Plants
Life Cycle of Female Plants
Life Cycles of Male Plants
Complete flowers
Parts of the receptacle
Sporophyte Plant (2n) -> Ovule w/megasporangium (2n) -> Meios…
Sporophyte Plant (3n) -> Microsporangium and Microsporocytes…
contain all four floral organs (carpels, stamens, petals, sep…
carpels, stamens, petals, sepals
Life Cycle of Female Plants
Sporophyte Plant (2n) -> Ovule w/megasporangium (2n) -> Meios…
Life Cycles of Male Plants
Sporophyte Plant (3n) -> Microsporangium and Microsporocytes…
25 terms
Chapter 30 & 35- Flowering Plants
Characteristics of land plants that we…
Advantages of Land Migration
Basic morphology of a typical flowerin…
prop roots
- Multicellular, dependent embryos... - walled spores produced i…
1. Minerals from the soil (availability)... 2. More sunlight, ac…
roots: anchors vascular plant in the soil, absorbs minerals a…
- aerial roots of corn... - support tall, top-heavy plants
Characteristics of land plants that we…
- Multicellular, dependent embryos... - walled spores produced i…
Advantages of Land Migration
1. Minerals from the soil (availability)... 2. More sunlight, ac…
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity II: The Evolution of Seed Plants
seed
integument
ovule
pollen grain
plant embryo and a food supply encased in a protective covering
a layer of sporophyte tissue that incases and protects the me…
A structure that develops within the ovary of a seed plant an…
Structure consisting of a few haploid cells surrounded by a t…
seed
plant embryo and a food supply encased in a protective covering
integument
a layer of sporophyte tissue that incases and protects the me…
41 terms
Chapter 30 Plant Diversity II: The Evolution of Seed Plants
Seed
Reduced gametophyte
Heteropory
Megasporangia
Consist of an embryo and nutrients surrounded by a protective…
- Microscopic... - Retained within the sporophyte... - Gets protect…
Two types of spores are produced ... (1) Megasporangia ... (2) Micr…
Female gametophyte, produces megaspores
Seed
Consist of an embryo and nutrients surrounded by a protective…
Reduced gametophyte
- Microscopic... - Retained within the sporophyte... - Gets protect…
30 terms
Chapter 30-31: Survey of the Plant Kingdom
Heterosporous
Megaspores
Microspores
Megagametophyte
Ferns that produce two types of spores.
Female gametophytes
Male gametophyte
This structure develops after the megaspore develops via mito…
Heterosporous
Ferns that produce two types of spores.
Megaspores
Female gametophytes
28 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity II: The Evolution of Seed Plants
seed
integument
ovule
pollen grain
consists of an embryo and its food supply, surrounded by a pr…
envelops and protects megasporangium
whole structure, megasporangium, megaspore, and their integum…
consists of a male gametophyte enclosed within the pollen wall
seed
consists of an embryo and its food supply, surrounded by a pr…
integument
envelops and protects megasporangium
23 terms
Chapter 30: Plant II - Gymnosperms
seeds
Common to Seed Plants
reduced gametophytes
heterospory
- enables bearers to become dominant producers... - seed develop…
1. reduced gametophytes... 2. heterospory... 3. ovules... 4. pollen
gametophytes develop within the walls of spores retain within…
produce two kinds of spores
seeds
- enables bearers to become dominant producers... - seed develop…
Common to Seed Plants
1. reduced gametophytes... 2. heterospory... 3. ovules... 4. pollen
41 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity II: The Evolution of Seed Plants
Seed
What are the common characteristics in…
Gymno-
Angio-
Consists of an embryo and it's food supply, surrounded by a p…
-Reduced gametophyte ... -Heterospory... -Ovules and production of…
Naked
Enclosed
Seed
Consists of an embryo and it's food supply, surrounded by a p…
What are the common characteristics in…
-Reduced gametophyte ... -Heterospory... -Ovules and production of…
31 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Reproduction
receptacle
sepal
petal
stamen
the enlarged tip of a flower stalk to which the flower is att…
in a flower, one of the outermost rings of modified leaves th…
one of the usually brightly colored, leaf-shaped parts that m…
the male reproductive structure of a flower that produces pol…
receptacle
the enlarged tip of a flower stalk to which the flower is att…
sepal
in a flower, one of the outermost rings of modified leaves th…
1 of 10