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Study sets matching "plant test chapter 30"

35 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Reproduction
sporophytes
gametophytes
calyx
sepals
diploid spore- or seed-producing part of the plant
haploid gamete producing part of a plant
all of the sepals
structure that protects the petals of the flower before they…
sporophytes
diploid spore- or seed-producing part of the plant
gametophytes
haploid gamete producing part of a plant
chapter 30: plant diversity
sporophyte embryo, food supply, and se…
female gametophyte
male gametophytes
where does the seed develop
what does a seed consist of?
ovules, megaspores and megasporangium
develop pollen grains, microspores and microsporangium
the ovule
sporophyte embryo, food supply, and se…
what does a seed consist of?
female gametophyte
ovules, megaspores and megasporangium
23 terms
Chapter 30, Plant Diversity II: The Evolution of Seed Plants, Campbell 8e
seed
integument
ovule
pollen grain
plant embryo and a food supply encased in a protective covering
a layer of sporophyte tissue that incases and protects the me…
A structure that develops within the ovary of a seed plant an…
Structure consisting of a few haploid cells surrounded by a t…
seed
plant embryo and a food supply encased in a protective covering
integument
a layer of sporophyte tissue that incases and protects the me…
25 terms
Chapter 30 Plant II
integuments
ovule
pollen
pollination
Layers of sporophyte tissue that protect megasporangium
Whole structure of megasporangium, megaspore, and integuments
Microspores develop into __________, which contains the male…
Transfer of pollen to ovules
integuments
Layers of sporophyte tissue that protect megasporangium
ovule
Whole structure of megasporangium, megaspore, and integuments
34 terms
Plant Diversity - Chapter 30
Seed
360
Integument
Ovule
An adaptation of some terrestrial plants consisting of an emb…
See plants are believed to have originated as far back as ___…
Layer of sporophyte tissue that contributes to the structure…
A structure that develops within the ovary of a seed plant an…
Seed
An adaptation of some terrestrial plants consisting of an emb…
360
See plants are believed to have originated as far back as ___…
21 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity
Angiosperms
Bryophytes
cone
cuticle
• Fruit/Flowering plants... • Independent from water for fertili…
• land plants with NO vascular tissue... • dependent on water fo…
• reproductive structure of a gymnosperm... • ovulate: seed bear…
• impermeable covering of the leaf... • secreted by epidermal ti…
Angiosperms
• Fruit/Flowering plants... • Independent from water for fertili…
Bryophytes
• land plants with NO vascular tissue... • dependent on water fo…
17 terms
LZHS Bio II Chapter 30 Plant Reproduction
Stamen
Anther
Filament
Carpel (Pistil)
Male reproductive part of flower; made of the anther & filament
Part of the male reproductive part of a flower; produces poll…
Part of the male reproductive part of a flower; holds up (sup…
Female reproductive part of flower; made of the style, stigma…
Stamen
Male reproductive part of flower; made of the anther & filament
Anther
Part of the male reproductive part of a flower; produces poll…
85 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity II
Heterosporous
Megaspore
Microspore
Megasporangium
Produces two types of spores
The larger of the two kinds of spores produced by some ferns
The smaller of the two kinds of spore produced by some ferns.
A plant structure in which megaspores are formed, such as tho…
Heterosporous
Produces two types of spores
Megaspore
The larger of the two kinds of spores produced by some ferns
35 terms
Chapter 30 Plant Reproduction
spores
sporophyte
gametophyte
alternation of generations
cells that disperse and give rise to a new haploid generation
Diploid, or spore-producing, phase of an organism
Haploid, or gamete-producing, phase of an organism
the life cycle in which a haploid gametophyte and a diploid s…
spores
cells that disperse and give rise to a new haploid generation
sporophyte
Diploid, or spore-producing, phase of an organism
30 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity
What makes Green algae an ancestor of…
Several important evolutionary adaptat…
Several important evolutionary adaptat…
The sporophyte has two types of sporan…
Chlorophyll, cell walls, and DNA sequences
B)Evolution of a chlorophyll as a pigment for photosynthesis.
1))Evolution of a water‑impermeable cuticle.... 2))Evolution of…
Heterosporous
What makes Green algae an ancestor of…
Chlorophyll, cell walls, and DNA sequences
Several important evolutionary adaptat…
B)Evolution of a chlorophyll as a pigment for photosynthesis.
42 terms
Chapter 30 Plant Diversity 2
Seed
Common in seed plants
Advantages of reduced gametophyte
Homosporous
consists of an embryo and nutrients surrounded by a protectiv…
Reduced gametophytes... Heterospory ... Ovules... Pollen
The gametophytes of seed plants develop within walls of spore…
Ancestors of seed plants were most likely ___________.
Seed
consists of an embryo and nutrients surrounded by a protectiv…
Common in seed plants
Reduced gametophytes... Heterospory ... Ovules... Pollen
42 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity II
Seed
Reduced Gametophytes
Heterospory
Megasporangium
embryo and its food supply surrounded by a protective coat... -w…
evolutionary trend away from prevalence of gametophyte during…
seed plants have adapted to create two kinds of spores
produces megaspores that give rise to female gametophytes... -on…
Seed
embryo and its food supply surrounded by a protective coat... -w…
Reduced Gametophytes
evolutionary trend away from prevalence of gametophyte during…
13 terms
Biology: Chapter 30: Plant Reproduction
Angiosperms
Plant Reproduction in a Flower
Stamen
Anther
Plants that protect their seeds within the body... of a fruit.
contains anther and filament
where meiosis occurs
Angiosperms
Plants that protect their seeds within the body... of a fruit.
Plant Reproduction in a Flower
16 terms
Chapter 30- Plants
Bryophytes
pteridophytes
Polypodiophyta
Equisetophyta
NOT MONOPHYLETIC... 3 Phyla:... -phylum Hepatophyta: liverworts (…
4 phyla... 1)whisk ferns-psilotophyta ... 2)club mosses and quillw…
ferns and fern allies... -11,000 species... -all have megaphylls-f…
horsetails and scouring rushes... (silica)... - single remaining ge…
Bryophytes
NOT MONOPHYLETIC... 3 Phyla:... -phylum Hepatophyta: liverworts (…
pteridophytes
4 phyla... 1)whisk ferns-psilotophyta ... 2)club mosses and quillw…
31 terms
Chapter 30- Seed Plants
Spore
Seeds
Megasporangia
Microsporangia
Single celled and very tough. It is retained in the sporophyt…
An embryo with a food supply and a protective coat.
This structure is often called a nucellus. Retained within a…
Produce microspores. The pollen gets around by wind or anothe…
Spore
Single celled and very tough. It is retained in the sporophyt…
Seeds
An embryo with a food supply and a protective coat.
129 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity II
How did seed change the course of plan…
Seed
Can seed disperse over long distances…
What are common in all seed plants ?
They enabled their bearers to become the dominant producers i…
Consists of an embryo and nutrient surrounding (food supply)…
Yes.
1)Reduced gametophytes ... 2) Heterospory ... 3) Ovules ... 4) Pollen
How did seed change the course of plan…
They enabled their bearers to become the dominant producers i…
Seed
Consists of an embryo and nutrient surrounding (food supply)…
27 terms
chapter 30 and 31 plants
flowering plants
have potential to live for more than 2…
biennials
annuals
angiosperms
perennials
herbaceous plants; take 2 years
...
flowering plants
angiosperms
have potential to live for more than 2…
perennials
Chapter 30 Seedless Plants
Land plants
Stomata
Tracheids
Haplodiplonic
all evoled from green algae 1bya, photoautotrophic, excludes…
Important opening for gas exchange and water diffusion on the…
A water-conducting and supportive element of xylem composed o…
stages of reproduction with both multi cellularity in haploid…
Land plants
all evoled from green algae 1bya, photoautotrophic, excludes…
Stomata
Important opening for gas exchange and water diffusion on the…
22 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity 2
Two Phyla of Seed Plants
Five Seed Plant Synapomorphies
Reduced Gametophytes
Heterospory (Two Types of Spores)
Gymnosperms and Angiosperms
1. Reduced gametophytes... 2. Heterospory... 3. Ovules... 4. Pollen... 5.…
-Microscopic... -Develop from spores... -Retained within sporangia…
megasporophyll (leaves) microsporophyll... megasporangia (sporan…
Two Phyla of Seed Plants
Gymnosperms and Angiosperms
Five Seed Plant Synapomorphies
1. Reduced gametophytes... 2. Heterospory... 3. Ovules... 4. Pollen... 5.…
46 terms
chapter 30 plant ****
They consisted of only photosynthetic…
Rhizoids lack xylem tissue
It has xylem tissue.
Genes for ABA signalling
Cooksonia is a genus of very early tracheophytes plants. Unli…
Why is a rhizoid not considered a true root?
Azolla filiculoides is a small aquatic fern that is typically…
Hepaticophytes lack stomata and tracheids. What would provide…
They consisted of only photosynthetic…
Cooksonia is a genus of very early tracheophytes plants. Unli…
Rhizoids lack xylem tissue
Why is a rhizoid not considered a true root?
10 terms
Chapter 30 Plant Vocab
antheridium
archegonium
sorus
sporangium
male reproductive structure that produces hundreds of flagell…
female reproductive structure that produces a single egg by m…
cluster of sporangia
specialized sac, case, capsule, or other structure that produ…
antheridium
male reproductive structure that produces hundreds of flagell…
archegonium
female reproductive structure that produces a single egg by m…
41 terms
Plant Chapter 30 vocab
integument
ovule
pollen grain
pollination
a layer of sporophyte tissue that envelops and protects the m…
consists of a megasporangium, megaspore and their integument…
develops from a microspore and consists of a male gametophyte…
the transfer of pollen to the part of the seed that contains…
integument
a layer of sporophyte tissue that envelops and protects the m…
ovule
consists of a megasporangium, megaspore and their integument…
9 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity II
What is the advantage of a dominant sp…
What are progymnosperms and what was A…
What are the derived traits of seed pl…
What are the ten living plant clades:
The reduction of gametophytes and its dependency on the sporo…
Progymnosperms - vascular plants that showed all of the trait…
1. Reduced gametophytes... 2. Heterospory ... 3. Ovules... 4. Pollen... 5…
Nonvascular... 1. Phylum Hepatophyta (liverworts) ... 2. Phylum Bry…
What is the advantage of a dominant sp…
The reduction of gametophytes and its dependency on the sporo…
What are progymnosperms and what was A…
Progymnosperms - vascular plants that showed all of the trait…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 30 Plant Diversity 2
Objectives
Reproductive Adaptations of Seed Plants
Reduced and Retained Gametophytes
Mosses and other nonvascular plants
Reproductive Adaptations of Seed plants ... Gymnosperms ... Angio…
Reduced and Retained Gametophytes ... Ovules ... Pollen ... Seed
Seed plants are heterosporous ... {} megaspores (-> female gemte…
Objectives
Reproductive Adaptations of Seed plants ... Gymnosperms ... Angio…
Reproductive Adaptations of Seed Plants
Reduced and Retained Gametophytes ... Ovules ... Pollen ... Seed
39 terms
Chapter 30: Plants
Xylem
Phloem
Vascular plants normally have_________.
This type of plant, most bears cones,…
Conducts water and minerals up from the soil. Also supports t…
Transports organic nutrients from one part of the plant to an…
True roots, stems, and leaves
Gymnosperms
Xylem
Conducts water and minerals up from the soil. Also supports t…
Phloem
Transports organic nutrients from one part of the plant to an…
26 terms
Chapter 30 - Seed Plants
Agriculture
Common adaptations to all seed plants:
What do seeds protect against?
Megaspore
Cultivation / harvest of angiosperms
- reduced gametophytes... - heterospory... - productions of ovules…
Desiccation and UV rays
Female gametophyte
Agriculture
Cultivation / harvest of angiosperms
Common adaptations to all seed plants:
- reduced gametophytes... - heterospory... - productions of ovules…
30 terms
BY109 Chapter 30 Plant Diversity II
heterosporous
megaspores
microspores
integument
produces 2 kinds of spores: megasporangia, microsporangia
produced by megasporangium
produced by microsporangia
layer of sporophyte tissue that envelops and protects megaspo…
heterosporous
produces 2 kinds of spores: megasporangia, microsporangia
megaspores
produced by megasporangium
8 terms
chapter 30: plant diversity
Moss gametophyte is the __________ sta…
Moss sporophyte is ___________, and is…
Fern gametophyte is __________, and is…
gymnosperms and angiosperm gametophyte…
- dominant ... - haploid
- reduced ... - diploid
- reduced... - haploid
- reduced (usually microscopic)... - haploid
Moss gametophyte is the __________ sta…
- dominant ... - haploid
Moss sporophyte is ___________, and is…
- reduced ... - diploid
18 terms
Chapter 30- Plant Diveristy
seed
traits of seeds
heterospory
ovules
consists of an embryo and nutrients surrounded by a protectiv…
became dominant, coat helps not dry out, transported, vascula…
different kinds of spores
megaspores- female gametophyte
seed
consists of an embryo and nutrients surrounded by a protectiv…
traits of seeds
became dominant, coat helps not dry out, transported, vascula…
24 terms
Chapter 30: Reproduction of Flowering Plants
Life Cycle of Female Plants
Life Cycles of Male Plants
Complete flowers
Parts of the receptacle
Sporophyte Plant (2n) -> Ovule w/megasporangium (2n) -> Meios…
Sporophyte Plant (3n) -> Microsporangium and Microsporocytes…
contain all four floral organs (carpels, stamens, petals, sep…
carpels, stamens, petals, sepals
Life Cycle of Female Plants
Sporophyte Plant (2n) -> Ovule w/megasporangium (2n) -> Meios…
Life Cycles of Male Plants
Sporophyte Plant (3n) -> Microsporangium and Microsporocytes…
30 terms
Chapter 30-31: Survey of the Plant Kingdom
Heterosporous
Megaspores
Microspores
Megagametophyte
Ferns that produce two types of spores.
Female gametophytes
Male gametophyte
This structure develops after the megaspore develops via mito…
Heterosporous
Ferns that produce two types of spores.
Megaspores
Female gametophytes
41 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity II: The Evolution of Seed Plants
Seed
What are the common characteristics in…
Gymno-
Angio-
Consists of an embryo and it's food supply, surrounded by a p…
-Reduced gametophyte ... -Heterospory... -Ovules and production of…
Naked
Enclosed
Seed
Consists of an embryo and it's food supply, surrounded by a p…
What are the common characteristics in…
-Reduced gametophyte ... -Heterospory... -Ovules and production of…
Chapter 30 Plant Diversity II: The Evolution of Seed Plants
Name five terrestrial adaptations that…
Compare the size and independence of t…
Describe the ovule of a seed plant. Ex…
List and distinguish among the four ph…
Seed, reduction of the gametophyte generation, heterospory, o…
Seedless vascular plants have tiny gametophytes that are visi…
An ovule of a seed plant consists of the megasporangium, mega…
-Phylum Ginkgophyta consists of only a single extant species,…
Name five terrestrial adaptations that…
Seed, reduction of the gametophyte generation, heterospory, o…
Compare the size and independence of t…
Seedless vascular plants have tiny gametophytes that are visi…
48 terms
Chapter 30 - Evolution of Seed Plants
homosporous
heterosporous
megasporangia
microsporangia
produce one kind of spore; usually gives rise to a bisexual g…
produces two kinds of spores: megasporangia and microsporangia
produce megaspores; give rise to female gametophytes
produce microspores; give rise to male gametophytes
homosporous
produce one kind of spore; usually gives rise to a bisexual g…
heterosporous
produces two kinds of spores: megasporangia and microsporangia
51 terms
Bio Chapter 30: Plant Diversity 2- The Evolution of Seed Plants
Seed
Common to all seed plants
Gametophytes in seed plants
Evolutionary advantage of reduced game…
Consists of an embryo, its food supply, and a protective coat…
Reduced gametophytes ( as few as 3 cells), Heterospory (male…
Develop within walls of spores that are retained within tissu…
Microscopic gametophytes can be protected better from environ…
Seed
Consists of an embryo, its food supply, and a protective coat…
Common to all seed plants
Reduced gametophytes ( as few as 3 cells), Heterospory (male…
10 terms
Chapter 30 Plant Phylum
ephedra, welwischia
spike mosses, club mosses
hornworts
cycads
gnetophyta
lycophyta
anthoceraphyta
cycadophyta
ephedra, welwischia
gnetophyta
spike mosses, club mosses
lycophyta
10 terms
Chapter 30 Plant Reproduction
Fertilization
In angiosperms the sporophyte is....
Flowers are composed of...
Within the carpel is...
Fusion of gametes, results in diploid zygotes, which divide b…
the dominant generation, it is longer and lives longer than t…
They are the reproductive shoots of angiosperm sporophytes, a…
An ovary, which is at its base.
Fertilization
Fusion of gametes, results in diploid zygotes, which divide b…
In angiosperms the sporophyte is....
the dominant generation, it is longer and lives longer than t…
16 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Reproduction
Flowers
bryophyte
Anther
ovules
sporophyte (diploid) dominant
gametophyte (haploid) dominant
sporangia produces microspores (haploid)
sporangia produces megaspores (haploid)
Flowers
sporophyte (diploid) dominant
bryophyte
gametophyte (haploid) dominant
33 terms
Chapter 30- Plant diversity
Seed
Derived traits of SEED plants
Integument
The ovule consists of :
sporophyte embryo + nutrients surrounded by a protective coat…
-Reduced gametophytes ... -Heterospory (like heterosporous)... Hom…
-Protecting coat- Layer of sporophyte envelopping and protect…
Megasporangium + Megaspore + Integuments ( develops into fema…
Seed
sporophyte embryo + nutrients surrounded by a protective coat…
Derived traits of SEED plants
-Reduced gametophytes ... -Heterospory (like heterosporous)... Hom…
31 terms
Chapter 30 Plant Reproduction
sporophyte
gametophyte
alternation of generations
sporopollenin
describes the diploid multicellular generation that gives ris…
describes the haploid multicellular generation that gives ris…
the life cycle in which a haploid gametophyte and a diploid s…
a complex mixture of polymers that is remarkably resistant to…
sporophyte
describes the diploid multicellular generation that gives ris…
gametophyte
describes the haploid multicellular generation that gives ris…
25 terms
chapter 30-evolution of seed plants
seed
pollination
gymnosperms
angiosperms
sporophyte embryo and nutrients that surrounded by a protecti…
transfer of pollen to the part of the seed containing the ovu…
naked seeds that form on cones
seeds found in fruits/flowerssepals-which are mature ovaries
seed
sporophyte embryo and nutrients that surrounded by a protecti…
pollination
transfer of pollen to the part of the seed containing the ovu…
10 terms
Chapter 30 Plant Grouping
coniferophyta
bryphyta
monocot
gnetophyta
gymnosperm
non-vascular plants
angiosperm
gymnosperm
coniferophyta
gymnosperm
bryphyta
non-vascular plants
20 terms
Biology Chapter 30: Seedless Plants
Origin of Land Plants
Land plants
Reproduction
Multicellular diploid stage
Green algae split into two major clades:... Chlorophytes - Didn…
Have multicellular haploid and diploid stages. Have smaller h…
All land plants are haplodiplontic, which means they have bot…
This creates sporophytes. This stage uses meiosis to create…
Origin of Land Plants
Green algae split into two major clades:... Chlorophytes - Didn…
Land plants
Have multicellular haploid and diploid stages. Have smaller h…
28 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity II: The Evolution of Seed Plants
seed
integument
ovule
pollen grain
consists of an embryo and its food supply, surrounded by a pr…
envelops and protects megasporangium
whole structure, megasporangium, megaspore, and their integum…
consists of a male gametophyte enclosed within the pollen wall
seed
consists of an embryo and its food supply, surrounded by a pr…
integument
envelops and protects megasporangium
25 terms
Chapter 30 & 35- Flowering Plants
Characteristics of land plants that we…
Advantages of Land Migration
Basic morphology of a typical flowerin…
prop roots
- Multicellular, dependent embryos... - walled spores produced i…
1. Minerals from the soil (availability)... 2. More sunlight, ac…
roots: anchors vascular plant in the soil, absorbs minerals a…
- aerial roots of corn... - support tall, top-heavy plants
Characteristics of land plants that we…
- Multicellular, dependent embryos... - walled spores produced i…
Advantages of Land Migration
1. Minerals from the soil (availability)... 2. More sunlight, ac…
31 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Reproduction
receptacle
sepal
petal
stamen
the enlarged tip of a flower stalk to which the flower is att…
in a flower, one of the outermost rings of modified leaves th…
one of the usually brightly colored, leaf-shaped parts that m…
the male reproductive structure of a flower that produces pol…
receptacle
the enlarged tip of a flower stalk to which the flower is att…
sepal
in a flower, one of the outermost rings of modified leaves th…
31 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Reproduction
receptacle
sepal
petal
stamen
the enlarged tip of a flower stalk to which the flower is att…
in a flower, one of the outermost rings of modified leaves th…
one of the usually brightly colored, leaf-shaped parts that m…
the male reproductive structure of a flower that produces pol…
receptacle
the enlarged tip of a flower stalk to which the flower is att…
sepal
in a flower, one of the outermost rings of modified leaves th…
31 terms
Chapter 30: Plant Reproduction
receptacle
sepal
petal
stamen
the enlarged tip of a flower stalk to which the flower is att…
in a flower, one of the outermost rings of modified leaves th…
one of the usually brightly colored, leaf-shaped parts that m…
the male reproductive structure of a flower that produces pol…
receptacle
the enlarged tip of a flower stalk to which the flower is att…
sepal
in a flower, one of the outermost rings of modified leaves th…
Chapter 30: Plant Diversity II
gametophyte
heterospory
integuments
pollen grains
Haploid, or gamete-producing, phase of an organism
production of different types of spores
Layers of sporophyte tissues that contribute to the structure…
In seed plants, a structure consisting of the male gametophyt…
gametophyte
Haploid, or gamete-producing, phase of an organism
heterospory
production of different types of spores
14 terms
Chapter 30 Plant Reproduction
caylx
corolla
vernalization
monoecious
outermost whorl
collective petals
period of chilling needed for flowering
male and female flowers on the same plant
caylx
outermost whorl
corolla
collective petals
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