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Study sets matching "plants ap biology"

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Study sets matching "plants ap biology"

14 terms
AP Biology Plants Review
Flower Diagram
Inside of a Leaf Diagram
Root Tip Diagram
Angiosperms
are flowering plants.
Flower Diagram
Inside of a Leaf Diagram
119 terms
AP Biology | Plant Biology
Parenchyma
Collenchyma
Sclerenchyma
Dermal Tissue
"Typical" plant cells
Flexible support cells
Strong support cells
Outer protection tissue
Parenchyma
"Typical" plant cells
Collenchyma
Flexible support cells
140 terms
AP Biology Plants
Classifcation
Kingdom: Plants
Evolution of land plants
Evolution of land Plants
3 Domains: Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
...
Modern day plants evolved from aquatic green algae (protists)…
Green algae and land plants have a common ancestor 1 bya
Classifcation
3 Domains: Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
Kingdom: Plants
...
47 terms
AP Biology: Plants
plants
alternation of generations
gametophyte
sporophyte
--dominant photosynthetic organisms on planet... --eukaryoti…
the alternation between the haploid gametophyte and the diplo…
the stage in the life cycle of a plant in which the plant pro…
the stage in the life cycle of a plant in which the plant pro…
plants
--dominant photosynthetic organisms on planet... --eukaryoti…
alternation of generations
the alternation between the haploid gametophyte and the diplo…
86 terms
AP Biology: 17: Plants
Byrophyte(s)
Tracheophyte(s)
Xylem
Tracheid(s)
___ are the most primitive plants (they were the first plants…
___ are more advanced plants (came after the first plants) th…
___ is a vascular tissue that conducts water and minerals up…
___ are a type of xylem; they are long and thin
Byrophyte(s)
___ are the most primitive plants (they were the first plants…
Tracheophyte(s)
___ are more advanced plants (came after the first plants) th…
41 terms
Kingdom: Plants - AP Biology
What does a plant use to protect from…
What does a plant do to protect the em…
Types of plants, in order of ancestry.
Characterize Bryophytes
A waxy cuticle surrounding everything except stomata and roots
Seeds
Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperm, Angiosperm, Monocot, D…
Non-vascular, first land plants, e.g. mosses
What does a plant use to protect from…
A waxy cuticle surrounding everything except stomata and roots
What does a plant do to protect the em…
Seeds
120 terms
AP Biology- Plants
autotrophs
alternation of generations
bryophytes
tracheophytes
organisms that are able to make their own food
the alternation between the haploid gametophyte and the diplo…
a moss, liverwort, or hornwort; a nonvascular plant that inha…
plants that have transport vessels, xylem, and phloem. ... vasc…
autotrophs
organisms that are able to make their own food
alternation of generations
the alternation between the haploid gametophyte and the diplo…
80 terms
AP Biology- Plants
shoot system
root
ground tissue system
vascular tissue
the aerial portion of a plant body, consisting of stems, leav…
an organ in vascular plants that anchors the plant and enable…
plant tissues that are neither vascular nor dermal, fulfillin…
plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
shoot system
the aerial portion of a plant body, consisting of stems, leav…
root
an organ in vascular plants that anchors the plant and enable…
58 terms
AP Biology: Plants
light + 6CO2 + 12H2O ---> C6H12O6 (glu…
roots, stems, leaves
roots
leaves
equation for photosynthesis
plant organs
anchor the plant, absorb minerals and water through hairs, st…
main site of photosynthesis
light + 6CO2 + 12H2O ---> C6H12O6 (glu…
equation for photosynthesis
roots, stems, leaves
plant organs
17 terms
AP Biology Plants Quiz
Apical Dominance
Apical Meristern
Collenchyma
Cortex
the phenomenon whereby the main, central stem of the plant is…
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of the roots and buds of t…
...
External ground tissue to the vascular tissue.
Apical Dominance
the phenomenon whereby the main, central stem of the plant is…
Apical Meristern
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of the roots and buds of t…
48 terms
AP Biology: Plants and Photosynthesis
roots
xylem
stomata
chlorophyll
Absorbs water and minerals from the ground. Anchors plant in…
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved mi…
A microscopic pore surrounded by guard cells in the epidermis…
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
roots
Absorbs water and minerals from the ground. Anchors plant in…
xylem
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved mi…
140 terms
AP Biology Plants
Classifcation
Kingdom: Plants
Evolution of land plants
Evolution of land Plants
3 Domains: Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
plantae
Modern day plants evolved from aquatic green algae (protists)…
Green algae and land plants have a common ancestor 1 bya
Classifcation
3 Domains: Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
Kingdom: Plants
plantae
17 terms
AP Biology - Plants Plant Reproduction
vegetative propagation
petal
sepal
pistil / carpel
asexual reproduction, clone self or reproduce asexually,
brightly colored, modified leaves inside circle of sepals, at…
outermost circle of leaves, green and closely resemble ordina…
female part of flower, produce female gametophyte, each syste…
vegetative propagation
asexual reproduction, clone self or reproduce asexually,
petal
brightly colored, modified leaves inside circle of sepals, at…
76 terms
AP Biology - Plants
carpel
stamen
phyllotaxy
leaf area index
female part of the plant: stigma, style, ovary
male part of the plant:
arrangement of leaves on a stem, determined by shoot apical m…
ratio of total upper leaf surface divided by surface area of…
carpel
female part of the plant: stigma, style, ovary
stamen
male part of the plant:
78 terms
AP Biology Plants
plant
alternation of generations
bryophytes
tracheophytes
a multicellular, eukaryotic, photosynthetic autotroph
gametophyte generation (n) ... sporophyte generation (2n)
plants w/out xylem and phloem (nonvascular) ... mosses, liverwo…
vascular plants ... dominant sporophyte ... lignified transport ves…
plant
a multicellular, eukaryotic, photosynthetic autotroph
alternation of generations
gametophyte generation (n) ... sporophyte generation (2n)
58 terms
AP Biology: Plants
Plants: General Characteristics
Alternation of Generation
Gametophyte (AoG)
Sporophyte (AoG)
-Store food as starch... -Cell walls containing cellulose... -Cutic…
The two stage life cycle involving haploid and diploid plants…
Haploid generation that undergoes mitosis to form haploid gam…
Diploid generation that undergoes meiosis to form haploid spo…
Plants: General Characteristics
-Store food as starch... -Cell walls containing cellulose... -Cutic…
Alternation of Generation
The two stage life cycle involving haploid and diploid plants…
88 terms
AP biology plants
Shoot System
Root System
stem contains
nodes
above ground
below ground
nodes, internodes, axillary bud, terminal bud
where leaves attach
Shoot System
above ground
Root System
below ground
103 terms
AP Biology: Plants
Essential Nutrient
Macronutrients
Ethylene
Abscisic acid (ABA)
A nutrient that an organism must absorb or ingest that is nec…
Needed in large quantities and include all the major building…
-A plant hormone released as a gas, often in response to stre…
A plant hormone that antagonizes the action of the growth hor…
Essential Nutrient
A nutrient that an organism must absorb or ingest that is nec…
Macronutrients
Needed in large quantities and include all the major building…
96 terms
AP Biology - Stupid Plants
What have all plants descended from?
Name 3 advantages of living on land
polymer that prevents spores from dryi…
waxy layer on epidermis. lack of struc…
green algae
Increased sunlight... More CO2... Fewer predators
Sporopollenin
Cuticle
What have all plants descended from?
green algae
Name 3 advantages of living on land
Increased sunlight... More CO2... Fewer predators
39 terms
AP Biology Plants
Epiphytes
Parasitic
Carnivorous
Chlorophyll
Plants living on other plants
benefit at the expense of a host— often parasitic of other pl…
photosynthetic, but they supplement their nitrogen supply by…
Absorbs light energy. Absorbs predominantly red and blue ligh…
Epiphytes
Plants living on other plants
Parasitic
benefit at the expense of a host— often parasitic of other pl…
18 terms
AP Biology Terms - Plants
Xylem
Phloem
Plant Land Strategies
Cutin
Vascular transport tissue and form vascular bundles with phlo…
Transportation of food and nutrients such as sugar and amino…
Cell walls made of cellulose;Roots and root hairs absorb wate…
Waxy coating on the leaves that helps prevent excess water lo…
Xylem
Vascular transport tissue and form vascular bundles with phlo…
Phloem
Transportation of food and nutrients such as sugar and amino…
88 terms
AP Biology - Plants
Bryophyte
Seedless vascular plants
Gymnosperms
Angiosperms
Nonvascular, seedless plant that lives on land. Limited heigh…
Has vascular tissue but no seeds. Uses spores to transport se…
A vascular plant that bears naked seeds not enclosed in ovari…
A flowering plant that forms seeds inside ovaries. Seeds encl…
Bryophyte
Nonvascular, seedless plant that lives on land. Limited heigh…
Seedless vascular plants
Has vascular tissue but no seeds. Uses spores to transport se…
12 terms
AP Biology - Plants Leaf
function
epidermis (upper/lower)
waxy cuticle
guard cell
maximize sugar production while minimize water loss
protection
made of cutin, minimize water loss
modified epidermal cells, contain chloroplasts, control openi…
function
maximize sugar production while minimize water loss
epidermis (upper/lower)
protection
36 terms
AP Biology-Plants
plant kingdom
bryophytes
tracheophytes
pteridophytes
(photo)autotrophs, eukaryotic (have a nucleus), multicellular…
little upward growth, ex. moss (no vascular tissue [transport…
pteridophytes, gymnosperms, angiosperms
ferns, reproduce using spores, dominant generation (mostly *2…
plant kingdom
(photo)autotrophs, eukaryotic (have a nucleus), multicellular…
bryophytes
little upward growth, ex. moss (no vascular tissue [transport…
69 terms
AP Biology - Plants
Angiosperm
Double Fertilization
Auxin
Abscisic acid
seeds develop within a specialized structure, called an ovary…
occurs in flowering plants (angiosperms) and a few gymnosperms
plant hormones that promote stems to grow and bend towards li…
produced in mature leaves and transported to other plant tiss…
Angiosperm
seeds develop within a specialized structure, called an ovary…
Double Fertilization
occurs in flowering plants (angiosperms) and a few gymnosperms
80 terms
AP Biology- Plants
shoot system
root
ground tissue system
vascular tissue
the aerial portion of a plant body, consisting of stems, leav…
an organ in vascular plants that anchors the plant and enable…
plant tissues that are neither vascular nor dermal, fulfillin…
plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
shoot system
the aerial portion of a plant body, consisting of stems, leav…
root
an organ in vascular plants that anchors the plant and enable…
61 terms
AP Biology: Plants
Gymnosperms
Angiosperms
Dicots / Monocots
Ground Tissue / Dermal Tissue / Vascul…
What is the term used to define the conifers?
What is the term used to define the flowering plants?
The angiosperms are divided into two groups, what are those g…
What are the three major groups of plant tissue?
Gymnosperms
What is the term used to define the conifers?
Angiosperms
What is the term used to define the flowering plants?
109 terms
AP Biology- Plants
plants
bryophytes
tracheophytes
seedless vascular plants
mulitcellular eukaryotic photosynthetic autotrophs
non-vascular plants
vascular plants
club mosses and ferns
plants
mulitcellular eukaryotic photosynthetic autotrophs
bryophytes
non-vascular plants
46 terms
AP Biology Plants Unit
bryophytes
tracheophytes
seedless plants
gymnosperms
non-vascular plants
vascular plants
plants that use spores to reproduce
plants that lack enclosed chambers which seeds develop in
bryophytes
non-vascular plants
tracheophytes
vascular plants
10 terms
AP Biology - Plants Transport
Xylem
tracheid
xylem function
transpirational pull and cohesion tens…
two types of elongated cells: tracheids and vessel elements,…
secondary cell walls hardened with lignin, function to suppor…
carry water and nutrients from soil to tallest leaves with no…
for each molecule of water evaporate from leaf by transpirati…
Xylem
two types of elongated cells: tracheids and vessel elements,…
tracheid
secondary cell walls hardened with lignin, function to suppor…
22 terms
AP Biology Plants I
diploid plant
fertilization
flowers
sepals
aka sporophyte; produces haploid spores by meiosis
fusion of gametes; results in diploid zygotes which divide by…
reproductive shoots of angiosperm sporophytes; typically comp…
a modified leaf in angiosperms that helps enclose and protect…
diploid plant
aka sporophyte; produces haploid spores by meiosis
fertilization
fusion of gametes; results in diploid zygotes which divide by…
36 terms
AP Biology Test: Plants
nonvascular
seedless vascular
seeded vascular
Bryophytes
most primitive plants, lack vascular tissues
plants with vascular tissues but lack seeds
most advanced plants, have vascular tissues and seeds
most primitive plants, lack true stems, roots, and leaves
nonvascular
most primitive plants, lack vascular tissues
seedless vascular
plants with vascular tissues but lack seeds
14 terms
AP Biology Plants
What do all Kingdom Plantae have in co…
Haploid contain _____________ a set of…
Diploid contain a ___________ set of D…
What is the process that occurs when D…
They have an alternation of generations.
HALF
FULL
Meiosis
What do all Kingdom Plantae have in co…
They have an alternation of generations.
Haploid contain _____________ a set of…
HALF
215 terms
AP Biology Plants
cell wall is made of
surplus of carbohydrates are stored as
alternation of generations
plants evolved from
cellulose
starch
life cycle of plants where one generation is the gamete gener…
aquatic green algae 500 million years ago and colonized the l…
cell wall is made of
cellulose
surplus of carbohydrates are stored as
starch
71 terms
AP Biology Chapter 11 - Plants
Shoot system
Root
Ground tissue system
Vascular tissue
the aerial portion of a plant body, consisting of stems, leav…
an organ in vascular plants that anchors the plant and enable…
plant tissues that are neither vascular nor dermal, fulfillin…
plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
Shoot system
the aerial portion of a plant body, consisting of stems, leav…
Root
an organ in vascular plants that anchors the plant and enable…
60 terms
AP Biology Plants
Chlorophyta
Bryophytes
Tracheophytes
xylem
绿藻 (plants are evolved from chlorophyta)
苔藓类植物(Lack vasvular tissue)
维管植物
木质部(water transportation)
Chlorophyta
绿藻 (plants are evolved from chlorophyta)
Bryophytes
苔藓类植物(Lack vasvular tissue)
AP Biology Plants
Which of the following clades does not…
Which of the following is a nonseed va…
Which of the following characteristics…
The sporophyte generation
Embryophytes
Fern
Alternation of generations
extends from the zygote through the adult diploid plant.
Which of the following clades does not…
Embryophytes
Which of the following is a nonseed va…
Fern
233 terms
113 AP Biology Plants
What is the purpose of roots?
What are the two types of roots?
What type of root do dicots have?
What type of root do monocots have?
anchor, absorb minerals and water, store food
tap, fibrous
tap
fibrous
What is the purpose of roots?
anchor, absorb minerals and water, store food
What are the two types of roots?
tap, fibrous
17 terms
AP Biology: Plants (Botany)
Vascular
Nonvascular
Angiosperms
Gymnosperms
plants that have tissue organized in such a way as to conduct…
plants that lack special tissue for conducting water or food
plants that produce flowers as reproductive organs
plants that produce seeds without flowers
Vascular
plants that have tissue organized in such a way as to conduct…
Nonvascular
plants that lack special tissue for conducting water or food
215 terms
AP Biology Plants
cell wall is made of
surplus of carbohydrates are stored as
alternation of generations
plants evolved from
cellulose
starch
life cycle of plants where one generation is the gamete gener…
aquatic green algae 500 million years ago and colonized the l…
cell wall is made of
cellulose
surplus of carbohydrates are stored as
starch
17 terms
AP Biology Exam: Plants
roots
shoots
ground tissue
collenchyma cells
the portions of the plant that are below the ground.
the portions of the plant that are above the ground.
makes up most of the body of the plant-found between the derm…
live cells that provide flexible and mechanical support.
roots
the portions of the plant that are below the ground.
shoots
the portions of the plant that are above the ground.
21 terms
AP Biology Plants
What is starch?
What ar ebyophytes?
What are tracheophytes?
What is an example of a seedless trach…
It is surplus carbohydrates being stored.
Plants with no transport vessels.
Plants with transport vessels.
The most common example are ferns.
What is starch?
It is surplus carbohydrates being stored.
What ar ebyophytes?
Plants with no transport vessels.
47 terms
Cliff's AP Biology: Plants
dicots
gymnosperms & angiosperms
Ground tissue (parenchyma, collenchyma…
cuticle
2 cotyledons (similar to endoderm); netted veins in leaves; h…
conifer plants; flowering plants
parenchyma:have thin walls and serve various functions includ…
a waxy protective substance produced by dermal tissue that he…
dicots
2 cotyledons (similar to endoderm); netted veins in leaves; h…
gymnosperms & angiosperms
conifer plants; flowering plants
104 terms
AP Biology - Plant Test
dicot
monocot
nodes
internodes
angiosperm; two cotyledons; netlike veins; petals in multiple…
angiosperm; one cotyledon; parallel veins; petals in multiple…
where leaves attach to shoot
space in between nodes
dicot
angiosperm; two cotyledons; netlike veins; petals in multiple…
monocot
angiosperm; one cotyledon; parallel veins; petals in multiple…
48 terms
Plant Functions: AP Biology
Photosynthesis
Chloroplast
Chemical Equation for Photosynthesis
Light (ADP/NADPH) Reactions
(Literally meaning "synthesis from light") is a metabolic pro…
Where photosynthesis takes place, and developed through endos…
CO2 + H2O + light energy > C6H12O6 + O2
These reactions convert light energy into chemical energy in…
Photosynthesis
(Literally meaning "synthesis from light") is a metabolic pro…
Chloroplast
Where photosynthesis takes place, and developed through endos…
40 terms
AP Biology Plants
Bundle Sheath Cells
C4 Plants
CAM Plants
Mesophyll Tissue
Cells that are tightly wrapped around the veins of a leaf
Plant where Calvin cycle is preceded by reactions that incorp…
Crassulacean acid metabolizing plants that store water by clo…
Interior tissue of a leaf
Bundle Sheath Cells
Cells that are tightly wrapped around the veins of a leaf
C4 Plants
Plant where Calvin cycle is preceded by reactions that incorp…
AP biology: plants
Photoperiodism
Cytokinins
Gravitropism
Vernilization
Response to day length
Promotes seed germination
Response to gravity
Exposure to cold weather
Photoperiodism
Response to day length
Cytokinins
Promotes seed germination
78 terms
AP Biology Unit 12 - Plants
Roots
Stems
Leaves
Petiole
Anchors vascular plants in the soil, absorbs minerals and wat…
Raises or separates leaves to expose them to sunlight, raise…
Main photosynthetic organ. Consist of flattened blade, stalk,…
Joins the leaf to the node
Roots
Anchors vascular plants in the soil, absorbs minerals and wat…
Stems
Raises or separates leaves to expose them to sunlight, raise…
17 terms
AP Biology - Plants
Xylem
Phloem
Root pressure
Transpirational pull
Water- and mineral-conducting tissue
Carries sugars from the photosynthetic leaves to the rest of…
Water flowing into the stele from the soil as a result of the…
Fluid in the xylem can be pulled up by this
Xylem
Water- and mineral-conducting tissue
Phloem
Carries sugars from the photosynthetic leaves to the rest of…
26 terms
AP Biology Plants
Roots
Root hairs
Shoot system
Nodes
Anchor plant in soil, absorb minerals and water, and store food
Increase surface area to allow more water and nutrients to en…
Allows for plant to grow up and out
Upward growth
Roots
Anchor plant in soil, absorb minerals and water, and store food
Root hairs
Increase surface area to allow more water and nutrients to en…
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