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Study sets matching "plants transport vascular"

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Study sets matching "plants transport vascular"

12 terms
Plants and Plant Vascular (Transport) System
xylem
roots
phloem
stomata
vascular system that carries water upward from the roots
absorb water and nutrients from the soil
vascular system that carries food (nutrients) throughout the…
openings under the leaf that allow carbon dioxide and oxygen…
xylem
vascular system that carries water upward from the roots
roots
absorb water and nutrients from the soil
17 terms
Transport in Vascular Plants
Water
Endodermis
Oxidative phosphorylation
Casparian strip
is the central, innermost layer of cortex in some land plants…
is the metabolic pathway in which cells use enzymes to oxidiz…
prevents apoplastic transport into stele
Water
Endodermis
is the central, innermost layer of cortex in some land plants…
28 terms
Transport in vascular plants
apoplastic route (red)
symplastic route (blue)
transmembrane (green)
co transport for plant cells
between cells, extracellular spaces and cell walls ... water and…
through cytoplasm and plasmodesmata
water crossing membranes (aquaporans), minerals, glucose, oth…
H+ gradient
apoplastic route (red)
between cells, extracellular spaces and cell walls ... water and…
symplastic route (blue)
through cytoplasm and plasmodesmata
13 terms
Transport in vascular plants
Xylem
Transpiration
Cohesion
Xylem Vessels
A form of vascular tissue, which transports water and inorgan…
The process in which water is drawn up from the roots (cohesi…
The phenomenon that occurs when individual molecules are so s…
Water filled tubes made from dead cells joined end to end,(Th…
Xylem
A form of vascular tissue, which transports water and inorgan…
Transpiration
The process in which water is drawn up from the roots (cohesi…
46 terms
Transport in Vascular Plants
Transport of materials is central to...
Benefits of Plant Transport...
Compromises of Plant Transport
Sugar Transport is...
Integrated functioning of whole plant.
Adaptations for acquiring resources more efficiently
Enhancing Photosynthesis,... Minimizing Water Loss
An Active Process...
Transport of materials is central to...
Integrated functioning of whole plant.
Benefits of Plant Transport...
Adaptations for acquiring resources more efficiently
8 terms
Transport in vascular plants
Source
sink
General info
Xylem Sap movement... (Transpiration)
where sugars are produced (leaves) or released from storage
Where sugars are used or stored (developing tissue, fruits)
- sap moves from source to sink... - sap moves through sieve-tub…
- 3 general processes
Source
where sugars are produced (leaves) or released from storage
sink
Where sugars are used or stored (developing tissue, fruits)
17 terms
Chapter 36 Transport in Vascular Plants
mycorrhizae
osmosis
water potential
solute potential
Network of fungal hyphae and plant roots that helps plants ab…
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane.
The physical property predicting the direction in which water…
A component of water potential that is proportional to the nu…
mycorrhizae
Network of fungal hyphae and plant roots that helps plants ab…
osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane.
35 terms
Ch 36 Transport in Vascular Plants
active transport
apoplast
aquaporin
bulk flow
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
In plants, the continuum of cell walls plus the extracellular…
A transport protein in the plasma membrane of a plant or anim…
The movement of water due to a difference in pressure between…
active transport
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
apoplast
In plants, the continuum of cell walls plus the extracellular…
18 terms
36 Vascular Plant Transport
Apoplast
Symplast
Flaccid
Plasmolysis
Everything external to plasma membranes, including cell wall
Cytosol within all living cells of plant, including plasmodes…
Limp, lacking turgor; plant cell is in hypertonic environment
Plasma membrane shrinks away from cell wall
Apoplast
Everything external to plasma membranes, including cell wall
Symplast
Cytosol within all living cells of plant, including plasmodes…
67 terms
Transport in vascular plants
Individual cell transport, short dista…
Tissues and organs
Root hairs
Roots absorb water/minerals, xylem sap…
3 scales of vascular transport
Structures involves in short distance transport
Example of structure involved in individual cell transport
Overview process of resource acquisition and transport in pla…
Individual cell transport, short dista…
3 scales of vascular transport
Tissues and organs
Structures involves in short distance transport
36 terms
Transport in Vascular Plants
apoplast
aquaporin
Bulk Flow
Casparian Strip
In plants, the nonliving continuum formed by the extracellula…
A transport protein in the plasma membrane of a plant or anim…
Movement of H2o due to a difference in pressure b/w location
A water-impermeable ring of wax around endodermal cells in pl…
apoplast
In plants, the nonliving continuum formed by the extracellula…
aquaporin
A transport protein in the plasma membrane of a plant or anim…
30 terms
Transport in Vascular Plants
What is an example of the transport of…
What is an example of short-distance f…
In plant cells, the direction that wat…
The effect of solute and pressure on o…
Root hairs
Sieve tube loading
Solute, pressure
Water potential
What is an example of the transport of…
Root hairs
What is an example of short-distance f…
Sieve tube loading
33 terms
Transport in Vascular Plants
Xylem
Phloem
Phyllotaxy葉序
canopy
木質部transports water and minerals from roots to... shoots
韌皮部transports photosynthetic products from sources to sinks
the arrangement of leaves on a stem,... is a species-specific tr…
樹棚the leafy portion of all... the plants in a community, affects…
Xylem
木質部transports water and minerals from roots to... shoots
Phloem
韌皮部transports photosynthetic products from sources to sinks
48 terms
Transport in Vascular Plants
Water and nutrients-
Photosynthesis makes ________ in the _…
The water content of plant cells depen…
Osmosis
Absorbed in the roots (must be moved UP)
Sugar in the leaves
Osmosis and Turgor pressure
Especially in the form of facilitated diffusion through aquap…
Water and nutrients-
Absorbed in the roots (must be moved UP)
Photosynthesis makes ________ in the _…
Sugar in the leaves
38 terms
Nutrition and Transport in Vascular Plants
vascular plants
above ground plants
below ground plants
taller plants
plants that have transport vessels for water, sugars, and min…
shoot system acquires sunlights and co2 for photosynthesis
root systems acquire minerals and h2o that allow them to grow…
better at absorbing light, increased surface area, increased…
vascular plants
plants that have transport vessels for water, sugars, and min…
above ground plants
shoot system acquires sunlights and co2 for photosynthesis
20 terms
Transport in vascular plants (36)
Leaf area index
Translocation
Transpiration
Micorrhizae
The ratio of total upper leaf surface of a plant divided by t…
The process in which plants move sugars from a leaf to the re…
The process in which plants retain water.
Symbiotic relationship between fungus and roots.
Leaf area index
The ratio of total upper leaf surface of a plant divided by t…
Translocation
The process in which plants move sugars from a leaf to the re…
50 terms
Nutrition & Transport in Vascular Plants
Vascular plants
Evolution of vascular plants
Land plants live in two worlds
Earliest plants
plants that have transport vessels for water, sugars, and min…
adaptations for acquiring resources were important. without a…
Above-ground: shoot systems acquire sunlight and co2 for phot…
aquatic algae that absorbed everything they needed from water…
Vascular plants
plants that have transport vessels for water, sugars, and min…
Evolution of vascular plants
adaptations for acquiring resources were important. without a…
47 terms
Photosynthesis & Vascular Transport in Plants
heterotroph
autotroph
photoautotroph
chemoautotroph
animal, fungi, some protists and bacteria... obtain organic food…
plants, some protists and bacteria... organism that produces com…
plants, cyanobacteria and some protists... use photosynthesis to…
certain prokaryotes and plants at bottom of ocean... use chemosy…
heterotroph
animal, fungi, some protists and bacteria... obtain organic food…
autotroph
plants, some protists and bacteria... organism that produces com…
18 terms
Transport in vascular plants
How is water and minerals (xylem sap)…
When water is being pulled up by trans…
Energy cost of transpiration-cohesion-…
two mechanisms of transport in vascula…
due to transpiration... - loss of water by evaporation from leaf…
cohesion of water molecules... adhesion of water molecules to th…
none... - only energy expenditure is to open the stoma... - the sun…
- transpiration-cohesion-tension... - root pressure
How is water and minerals (xylem sap)…
due to transpiration... - loss of water by evaporation from leaf…
When water is being pulled up by trans…
cohesion of water molecules... adhesion of water molecules to th…
56 terms
Vascular Tissues and Transport in Plants
procambium
vascular bundles
tracheary elements (tracheids, vessel…
transport of water and minerals
primary xylem and phloem comes from the ________________, a p…
primary xylem and phloem are found in the ________________ of…
4 cell types xylem composed of
function of xylem
procambium
primary xylem and phloem comes from the ________________, a p…
vascular bundles
primary xylem and phloem are found in the ________________ of…
236 terms
Tissues and Transport in Vascular Plants
Each plant organ has
The tissue system includes
Each tissue system is
In nonwoody plants the dermal tissue s…
a tissue system
dermal tissue, vascular tissue, and ground tissue
continuous throughout the plant
epidermis
Each plant organ has
a tissue system
The tissue system includes
dermal tissue, vascular tissue, and ground tissue
Vascular tissue and Transport in Plants
What is the function of Vascular Tissue?
What does the root system do?
What is the xylem vein?
What is the phloem vein?
To transport materials
It absorbs nutrients and water and stores excess sugar
It allows for water transport
It allows for sugar transport
What is the function of Vascular Tissue?
To transport materials
What does the root system do?
It absorbs nutrients and water and stores excess sugar
transport in plants. vascular system
why do plants need transport systems
what are the 2 tissues involved in tra…
where is the vascular system located i…
where is the vascular system located i…
1. small SA:V... 2. Diffusion isn't sufficient enough ... 3. to tra…
1. xylem for transporting water and mineral ions up the plant…
the xylem is along the centre for support when pushing throug…
both xylem and phloem are found around the outside of the ste…
why do plants need transport systems
1. small SA:V... 2. Diffusion isn't sufficient enough ... 3. to tra…
what are the 2 tissues involved in tra…
1. xylem for transporting water and mineral ions up the plant…
50 terms
Nutrition & Transport in Vascular Plants
What is Buffalo grass (Buchloe dactylo…
What is osmosis?
What is turgor pressure?
What is a flaccid cell?
Cuttings from roots of what grow fewer and shorter roots in t…
Water diffusing across plant cell membranes
Pressure inside plant cell from intake of water; organelles p…
Limp b/c of water loss; results in plant wilting
What is Buffalo grass (Buchloe dactylo…
Cuttings from roots of what grow fewer and shorter roots in t…
What is osmosis?
Water diffusing across plant cell membranes
25 terms
Nutrition and Transport in Vascular Plants
vascular plants
xylem
phloem
shoot system
plants that have transport vessels for water, sugars, and min…
transport H2O and minerals from roots to shoots
transports products of photosynthesis from where they're made…
above-ground plant organs, stems and leaves
vascular plants
plants that have transport vessels for water, sugars, and min…
xylem
transport H2O and minerals from roots to shoots
48 terms
Nutrition and Transport in Vascular Plants
What is a vascular plant?
What is an example of a Vascular plant?
Nonvascular
What makes vascular plants important?
Plants that have transport vessels water, sugar, minerals, mo…
Grasses, tree, cactus, herbs
Moist when it rains, very small and overlooked
Conductive tissue, transport water and plants
What is a vascular plant?
Plants that have transport vessels water, sugar, minerals, mo…
What is an example of a Vascular plant?
Grasses, tree, cactus, herbs
17 terms
Chapter 36 Transport in Vascular Plants
mycorrhizae
osmosis
water potential
solute potential
Network of fungal hyphae and plant roots that helps plants ab…
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane.
The physical property predicting the direction in which water…
A component of water potential that is proportional to the nu…
mycorrhizae
Network of fungal hyphae and plant roots that helps plants ab…
osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane.
31 terms
Transportation in vascular plants
Phyllotaxy
Myocorrhizae
Apoplast
Symplast
Architectural feature of imerse importance in light capture
Evolution of mutualistic association between roots and fungi
Everything external to the plasma membrane of living cells an…
Entire mass of cytoskeleton of all the living cells in a plan…
Phyllotaxy
Architectural feature of imerse importance in light capture
Myocorrhizae
Evolution of mutualistic association between roots and fungi
94 terms
Transport in Vascular Plants Ch36
competition for resources
xylem, phloem
root, shoot
photosynthesis
_________ led to taller plants and the addition of leaves for…
Increase in surface area caused more evaporative water loss,…
xylem and phloem also allow for more extensive _____ and ____…
leave surface area increased for what?
competition for resources
_________ led to taller plants and the addition of leaves for…
xylem, phloem
Increase in surface area caused more evaporative water loss,…
17 terms
Unit 4: Transport in Vascular Plants
Vascular Transport
Water Potential
Water Potential Flow
Wilting
this occurs within individual cells, e.g. root hairs, from ce…
the effects of solute concentration and hydrostatic pressure…
flow of water from high a water potential to a low water pote…
the limping of a plant, leaf, or flower through heat, loss of…
Vascular Transport
this occurs within individual cells, e.g. root hairs, from ce…
Water Potential
the effects of solute concentration and hydrostatic pressure…
47 terms
Chapter 36: Transport in Vascular Plants
Adhesion
Apoplast
Aquaporin
Bulk Flow
The attraction between different kinds of molecules.
In plants, the continuum of cell walls plus the extracellular…
A channel protein in the plasma membrane of a plant, animal,…
The movement of a fluid due to a difference in pressure betwe…
Adhesion
The attraction between different kinds of molecules.
Apoplast
In plants, the continuum of cell walls plus the extracellular…
14 terms
Plant Nutrition & Transport in Vascular Plant
Macronutrients
Micronutrients
Essential Element
Organic components
plants require large amount (C, O, H, N, P, S)
plants need in tiny quantities (Chlorine, Iron, Manganese, Bo…
chemical element only required for a plant to complete its li…
humus - produced by decomposition of fallen leaves
Macronutrients
plants require large amount (C, O, H, N, P, S)
Micronutrients
plants need in tiny quantities (Chlorine, Iron, Manganese, Bo…
14 terms
CH 36: Transport in Vascular Plants
Proton Pumps
Osmosis is
Aquaporins
Vacuoles
Use energy from ATP to pump H + ions out of plant cells to fo…
the passive transport of water from high to low
Selective channels in plasma membranes that allow water to cr…
Store water
Proton Pumps
Use energy from ATP to pump H + ions out of plant cells to fo…
Osmosis is
the passive transport of water from high to low
32 terms
AP Bio Transport in Vascular Plants
Describe how proton pumps function in…
Osmosis
Water Potential
Explain how solutes and pressure affec…
-uses ATP to pump hydrogen ions out of the cell, results in a…
passive transport of water across a membrane
The combined effect of solute concentration and physical pres…
-solute potential is proportional to the number of dissolved…
Describe how proton pumps function in…
-uses ATP to pump hydrogen ions out of the cell, results in a…
Osmosis
passive transport of water across a membrane
25 terms
Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Resources
Transport through:
Proton Pump
Cotransport Protein
Water, minerals, gases
Diffusion, active transport, and bulk flow
generate a membrane potential (H+ gradient)... ATP driven
-bring in NO3- into the cell against the concentration gradie…
Resources
Water, minerals, gases
Transport through:
Diffusion, active transport, and bulk flow
39 terms
Ch 36 Transport in Vascular Plants
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Transport Proteins
Proton Pump
solutes diffusing down concentration gradient and across memb…
pumping solutes against electrochemical gradient (combined ef…
proteins that help solutes pass the lipid bilayer of the memb…
transport protein in plant cells; uses ATP to pump H+ out of…
Passive Transport
solutes diffusing down concentration gradient and across memb…
Active Transport
pumping solutes against electrochemical gradient (combined ef…
42 terms
Transport in vascular plants Ch 36
Apoplastic rout
Symplastic rout
transmembrane
co-transprt in plant cells
goes between cells, extracellular spaces and cell walls ... wate…
through cytoplasm and plasmodesmata ... cytoplasm to cytoplasm
water crossing membrane (aquaporins)... minerals glucose and oth…
driven by H+ gradient... *instead of Na+ like animals use
Apoplastic rout
goes between cells, extracellular spaces and cell walls ... wate…
Symplastic rout
through cytoplasm and plasmodesmata ... cytoplasm to cytoplasm
35 terms
Ch 36 Transport in Vascular Plants
active transport
apoplast
aquaporin
bulk flow
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
In plants, the continuum of cell walls plus the extracellular…
A transport protein in the plasma membrane of a plant or anim…
The movement of water due to a difference in pressure between…
active transport
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
apoplast
In plants, the continuum of cell walls plus the extracellular…
40 terms
Chapter 36 Transport in Vascular Plants
Adhesion
Apoplast
Aquaporin
Bulk Flow
The attraction between different kinds of molecules.
In plants, the continuum of cell walls plus the extracellular…
A channel protein in the plasma membrane of a plant, animal,…
The movement of a fluid due to a difference in pressure betwe…
Adhesion
The attraction between different kinds of molecules.
Apoplast
In plants, the continuum of cell walls plus the extracellular…
42 terms
Ch 36 Transport in Vascular Plants
active transport
apoplast
aquaporin
bulk flow
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
In plants, the continuum of cell walls plus the extracellular…
A transport protein in the plasma membrane of a plant or anim…
The movement of water due to a difference in pressure between…
active transport
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
apoplast
In plants, the continuum of cell walls plus the extracellular…
17 terms
Test 5 Transport in Vascular Plants
Xylem
Phloem
Water potential
Turgor
where water and minerals are taken upward to the leaves
where sugars produced by photosynthesis is exported from leav…
where water wants to go in a plant, based on two factors, sol…
A plant is turgid when it is watered, results from the swelli…
Xylem
where water and minerals are taken upward to the leaves
Phloem
where sugars produced by photosynthesis is exported from leav…
11 terms
Resource acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Xylem
Phloem
Phyllotaxy
Mycorrhize
Transports water and minerals from roots to shoots.
Transports products of photosynthesis from where they are mad…
The arrangement of leaves on a stem.
Mutualistic associations between roots and fungi
Xylem
Transports water and minerals from roots to shoots.
Phloem
Transports products of photosynthesis from where they are mad…
Ch 36 - Transport in Vascular Plants
Transpiration
What does xylem transport
What does phloem transport
3 scales of transport
Water loss from leaves, is the driving force to pull water up…
Water/minerals
Sugars
Cellular level... Short distance... Long distance
Transpiration
Water loss from leaves, is the driving force to pull water up…
What does xylem transport
Water/minerals
9 terms
Ch. 36: Transport in Vascular Plants
transpiration
root pressure
guttation
circadian rhythms
the loss of water vapor from leaves and other aerial parts of…
an upward push from the xylem sap. sometimes causes more wate…
the exudation of water droplets that can be seen in the morni…
cycles that have intervals of roughly 24 hours
transpiration
the loss of water vapor from leaves and other aerial parts of…
root pressure
an upward push from the xylem sap. sometimes causes more wate…
19 terms
Chapter 36: Transport in Vascular Plants
Apoplastic
Do below ground plants go through phot…
Xylem Sap
Cohesion
Gap between walls
No, b/c theres no light
Water & Nutrients (sticky sap)
-sticks to itself... -Water has great tensile strength (cohesion…
Apoplastic
Gap between walls
Do below ground plants go through phot…
No, b/c theres no light
29 terms
Chapter 36 Transport in Vascular Plants
What are the three levels of transport…
What are diffusion, active transport,…
What are transmembrane, symplast, apop…
What is bulk flow an example of in pla…
- Uptake of water and solutes by individual cells... - Diffusio…
Uptake of water and solutes by individual cells
Short distance transport from cell to cell
Long distance transport
What are the three levels of transport…
- Uptake of water and solutes by individual cells... - Diffusio…
What are diffusion, active transport,…
Uptake of water and solutes by individual cells
28 terms
Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
xylem
phloem
mycorrhizae
apoplastic
vascular plant tissue consisting mainly of tubular dead cells…
vascular plant tissue consisting of living cells arranged int…
a symbiotic relationship of plant roots and fungus; increase…
materials travel between cells
xylem
vascular plant tissue consisting mainly of tubular dead cells…
phloem
vascular plant tissue consisting of living cells arranged int…
32 terms
BIOL1040 Transport in Vascular Plants
Land plants acquire resources from
Short distance transport
Long-distance
Proton pumps in plant cells
above and below ground
passive transport (diffusion across amembrane and transport p…
Bulk flow through xylem and phloem at whole plant level
create a hydrogen ion gradient that is a form of potential en…
Land plants acquire resources from
above and below ground
Short distance transport
passive transport (diffusion across amembrane and transport p…
24 terms
Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
adaptations that aid in the acquisitio…
Xylem
Phloem
Phyllotaxy
water, minerals, carbon dioxide, light
transports water and minerals from roots to shoots
transports photosynthetic products from sources to sinks
the arrangement of leaves on a stem is a species-specific tra…
adaptations that aid in the acquisitio…
water, minerals, carbon dioxide, light
Xylem
transports water and minerals from roots to shoots
11 terms
Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
Endodermis
Casparian strip
Xylem sap
Transpiration
the innermost layer of cells in the root cortex that function…
a belt made of a waxy material impervious to water and dissol…
the water and dissolved minerals in the xylem; transported by…
the loss of water vapor from leaves and other aerial parts of…
Endodermis
the innermost layer of cells in the root cortex that function…
Casparian strip
a belt made of a waxy material impervious to water and dissol…
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