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Study sets matching "plate tectonics volcanoes"

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Study sets matching "plate tectonics volcanoes"

12 terms
Volcanoes and plate tectonics
Volcano
Hotspot
Arc islands
Subduction
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
A weak spot in the middle of a tectonic plate where magma sur…
a set of volcanic islands formed parallel to trenches... an arc…
One plate going under another plate
Volcano
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
Hotspot
A weak spot in the middle of a tectonic plate where magma sur…
7 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
a weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
the molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and wat…
liquid magma that reaches the surface
a major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean.
volcano
a weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
magma
the molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and wat…
50 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
7 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Ring of Fire
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface.
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
Liquid magma that reaches the surface; also the rock formed w…
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean.
Volcano
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface.
Magma
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
6 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
a weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
the molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and wat…
liquid magma that reaches the surface
a major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean
volcano
a weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
magma
the molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and wat…
10 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
a weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
the molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and wat…
liquid magma that reaches the surface
a major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean.
volcano
a weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
magma
the molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and wat…
38 terms
Plate tectonics, volcanoes, earthquakes
mantle
asthenosphere
lithosphere
magnetic field
thickest layer of the earth, located between the crust and ou…
partially melted layer of the mantle that is under the lithos…
outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper ma…
area of charged particles that create a magnetic force, produ…
mantle
thickest layer of the earth, located between the crust and ou…
asthenosphere
partially melted layer of the mantle that is under the lithos…
25 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
Sea Floor Spreading
volcano
magma
lava
Sea Floor Spreading a process in which new ocean floor is cre…
a weak spot in the crust where molten material comes to the s…
mixture of rock forming substances, gases, and water
magma that has reached the surface
Sea Floor Spreading
Sea Floor Spreading a process in which new ocean floor is cre…
volcano
a weak spot in the crust where molten material comes to the s…
26 terms
Plate tectonics and volcanoes
Continental drift:
Plate tectonics:
Asthenosphere:
Subduction:
the separating of continents by drifting across the oceans
the theory that the Earth's crust is cracked... into many large…
a layer of 'plastic' semi-solid rock in the lower mantle
when oceanic crust collides with continental crust, and the o…
Continental drift:
the separating of continents by drifting across the oceans
Plate tectonics:
the theory that the Earth's crust is cracked... into many large…
21 terms
Plate tectonics and volcanoes
Continental drift:
Plate tectonics:
Asthenosphere:
Subduction:
the separating of continents by drifting across the oceans
the theory that the Earth's crust is cracked... into many large…
a layer of 'plastic' semi-solid rock in the lower mantle
when oceanic crust collides with continental crust, and the o…
Continental drift:
the separating of continents by drifting across the oceans
Plate tectonics:
the theory that the Earth's crust is cracked... into many large…
71 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
shearing
footwall
compression
anticline
Stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions
The block of rock that forms the lower half of a fault.
Type of stress that produces a reverse fault
A fold in rock that bends upward into an arch
shearing
Stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions
footwall
The block of rock that forms the lower half of a fault.
13 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Lava flow
A weak spot in the crust where motlen material, or magma, com…
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases and water…
Liquid magma that reaches the surface.
Area covered by lava from a volcano's vent.
Volcano
A weak spot in the crust where motlen material, or magma, com…
Magma
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases and water…
45 terms
Lithosphere, plate tectonics, volcanoes
theory of plate tectonics
convergent boundary
divergent boundary
transform boundary
states that the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken int…
two tectonic plates move towards each other, destroys crust.…
tectonic plates move apart, creates new crust. volcanoes, oce…
two tectonic plates slide horizontally, deforms or fractures…
theory of plate tectonics
states that the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken int…
convergent boundary
two tectonic plates move towards each other, destroys crust.…
12 terms
Volcanoes and plate tectonics 2016
Volcano
Hotspot
Arc islands
Subduction
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
A weak spot in the middle of a tectonic plate where magma sur…
a set of volcanic islands formed parallel to trenches... an arc…
One plate going under another plate
Volcano
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
Hotspot
A weak spot in the middle of a tectonic plate where magma sur…
35 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
108 terms
Plate tectonics and Volcanoes
cinders
conduit
crater
crust
charred bits of rock; ashes
a pipe, tube, or the like, for conveying magma (3)
a bowl-shaped depression
the solid outer layer of earth
cinders
charred bits of rock; ashes
conduit
a pipe, tube, or the like, for conveying magma (3)
17 terms
Earthquakes, Plate Tectonics, and Volcanoes
earthquakes
fault
seismic waves
epicenter
caused by friction in a fault line, and can cause destruction
a break in rock
wave of energy that travels through the earth
where the earthquake started and the earthquake is the strong…
earthquakes
caused by friction in a fault line, and can cause destruction
fault
a break in rock
67 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
56 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Fossil
Mid-Ocean Ridge
A hypothesis that the continents were once joined together an…
The super-continent that once contained all of the landmasses…
The preserved remains or traces of organisms that lived in th…
Long, underwater mountain chains-divergent boundary
Continental Drift
A hypothesis that the continents were once joined together an…
Pangaea
The super-continent that once contained all of the landmasses…
50 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
67 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
P waves
S waves
surface waves
seismologist
They are the primary waves, they travel the fastest and they…
secondary body waves that shake like a jump rope and are slow…
A type of seismic wave that forms when P waves and S waves re…
A scientist who studies earthquakes
P waves
They are the primary waves, they travel the fastest and they…
S waves
secondary body waves that shake like a jump rope and are slow…
20 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Pangaea
seafloor spreading
convection current
asthenosphere
all continents might once have been connected in a large land…
hot magma forced upward at mid-ocean ridges produces this
the cycle of heating, rising, cooling, and sinking air
plastic-like layer of Earth's surface
Pangaea
all continents might once have been connected in a large land…
seafloor spreading
hot magma forced upward at mid-ocean ridges produces this
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
Magma
Mantle
What are conditions for magma to form?
Volcanism
Liquid rock that forms in the mantle.
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core that is…
1. High temperture to melt rock.... 2. Remove pressure from rock…
Any activity that includes the movement of lava from the mant…
Magma
Liquid rock that forms in the mantle.
Mantle
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core that is…
22 terms
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes and Earthquakes
geologic activity
Continental crust
Oceanic crust
Moho
Most of this occurs along the edges of the Earth's plates.
Thicker and less dense than oceanic crust. Made mostly of gra…
Thinner and more dense than continental crust. Made mostly of…
Region of the Earth that has drastic changes in properties.
geologic activity
Most of this occurs along the edges of the Earth's plates.
Continental crust
Thicker and less dense than oceanic crust. Made mostly of gra…
10 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
A weak spot in the crust where molten material, or magma, com…
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
Liquid magma that reaches the surface; also the rock formed w…
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean.
volcano
A weak spot in the crust where molten material, or magma, com…
magma
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
46 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
20 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
Magma
Mantle
What are conditions for magma to form?
Volcanism
Liquid rock that forms in the mantle.
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core that is…
1. High temperture to melt rock.... 2. Remove pressure from rock…
Any activity that includes the movement of lava from the mant…
Magma
Liquid rock that forms in the mantle.
Mantle
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core that is…
56 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
13 terms
6.1 Volcanoes & Plate Tectonics
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
weak spot in the crust where magma comes to the surface
molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases and water fr…
magma that has reached the surface of the earth
major volcanic belt made up of many volcanoes that rim the Pa…
volcano
weak spot in the crust where magma comes to the surface
magma
molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases and water fr…
15 terms
1 Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
What is a volcano?
A molten mixture of rock-forming subst…
When magma reaches the surface, it is…
What is the Ring of Fire?
A volcano is a weak spot in the crust where molten material,…
Magma
Lava
A volcanic belt formed by the many volcanoes that rim the Pac…
What is a volcano?
A volcano is a weak spot in the crust where molten material,…
A molten mixture of rock-forming subst…
Magma
6 terms
volcanoes and plate tectonics
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
a mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crater or ven…
hot fluid or semi fluid material below or within the earth's…
hot molten or semi fluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissu…
The Ring of Fire is a major area in the basin of the Pacific…
volcano
a mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crater or ven…
magma
hot fluid or semi fluid material below or within the earth's…
34 terms
Plate Tectonics and Volcanoes
Lithosphere
Crust and upper mantle
Convergent
San Andreas fault
What part of Earth is divided into plates?
Layers that make up the lithosphere
Plate boundary where two plate move together
Western North American transform fault boundary
Lithosphere
What part of Earth is divided into plates?
Crust and upper mantle
Layers that make up the lithosphere
33 terms
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes, Earthquakes
crater
earthquake
island arc
convergent boundary
a bowl-shaped area that forms around a volcano's central open…
the shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
a string of islands formed by the volcanoes along a deep-ocea…
a plate boundary where two plates move toward each other
crater
a bowl-shaped area that forms around a volcano's central open…
earthquake
the shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
surface waves
composite
compression
shear
most destructive seismic wave
type of volcano; occur at convergent boundaries; may have mul…
occurs at convergent boundaries; reverse faults
forces along strike-slip faults
surface waves
most destructive seismic wave
composite
type of volcano; occur at convergent boundaries; may have mul…
33 terms
Earthquakes, Volcanoes & Plate Tectonics
Extinct
Dormant
Active
Shield
Volcano which will never erupt again
Volcano which has not erupted in over 200 years
Volcano that is constantly shaking, rumbling, and erupting
Volcano formed by hot, thin, runny magma; quiet eruptions; wa…
Extinct
Volcano which will never erupt again
Dormant
Volcano which has not erupted in over 200 years
9 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
Valcano
Magma
Lava
Ring of fire
A mountain that forms in Earth's crust when molten material,…
Molten mixture of rock-forming substances,gases,and water fro…
Magma that reaches the surface
one major belt of valcanoes
Valcano
A mountain that forms in Earth's crust when molten material,…
Magma
Molten mixture of rock-forming substances,gases,and water fro…
15 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
a mountain that forms in Earth´s crust when molten material,…
a molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
magma that reaches the surface
one major belt of volcanoes around the Pacific Ocean
volcano
a mountain that forms in Earth´s crust when molten material,…
magma
a molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
13 terms
volcanoes and plate tectonics
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
Layer in the center of the Earth that is the hottest and is m…
surrounds the inner core and is made of melted iron and nickel
the thickest layer of the Earth where magma forms
the outer layer of the Earth made of solid rock
inner core
Layer in the center of the Earth that is the hottest and is m…
outer core
surrounds the inner core and is made of melted iron and nickel
64 terms
Volcanoes/Eathquake/Plate Tectonics
Crust
Epicenter
Focus
Inner Core
Earth's outermost layer, which varies in thickness from about…
point of Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's focus
in an earthquake, the point beneath Earth's surface where ene…
very dense, solid center of the Earth that is made of mostly…
Crust
Earth's outermost layer, which varies in thickness from about…
Epicenter
point of Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's focus
27 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Ring of Fire
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface.
The molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and wat…
Liquid magma that reaches the surface; also, the rock formed…
Volcano belt that rims the Pacific Ocean.
Volcano
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface.
Magma
The molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and wat…
19 terms
Plate tectonics and Volcanoes
Solar system
Crust
Mantle
Core
...
...
...
...
Solar system
...
Crust
...
24 terms
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes, and Earthquakes
Plate Tectonics
Divergent Boundary
Convergent Boundary
Transform Boundary
Modern theory explaining the structure of the Earth's crust.
A boundary where two plates are moving away from each other.
A boundary where two plates are moving towards each other.
A boundary where two plates are sliding past each other.
Plate Tectonics
Modern theory explaining the structure of the Earth's crust.
Divergent Boundary
A boundary where two plates are moving away from each other.
6 terms
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics FMS
volcano
lava
island arc
hot spot
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
Liquid magma that reaches the Earth's surface; also the rock…
A string of islands formed by the volcanoes along a deep-ocea…
An area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through…
volcano
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface
lava
Liquid magma that reaches the Earth's surface; also the rock…
33 terms
Plate Tectonics, EQ, Volcanoes
Plate Tectonics
Convergent Boundary
Divergent Boundary
Transform Boundary
Earth's lithosphere is broken into 15 plates that move
Plates collide. One may subduct beneath the other.
Plates move apart. Mid-ocean ridges occur here.
Plates slide past one another
Plate Tectonics
Earth's lithosphere is broken into 15 plates that move
Convergent Boundary
Plates collide. One may subduct beneath the other.
29 terms
Plate tectonics earthquakes and volcanoes
Crust
Basalt
Granite
Mantle
The outer layer of the earth
A dark, fine-grained volcanic rock that sometimes displays a…
A very hard, granular, crystalline, igneous rocks consisting…
The part of the earth between the core and the crust. The man…
Crust
The outer layer of the earth
Basalt
A dark, fine-grained volcanic rock that sometimes displays a…
21 terms
Volcanoes + Plate Tectonics
Decompressing melting
Ring of fire
Intraplate volcanism
hot spot
involves the upward movement of the earth's mantle to an area…
an area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where a large numbe…
The 5 percent of known volcanoes in the world that are not cl…
a small area or region with a relatively hot temperature in c…
Decompressing melting
involves the upward movement of the earth's mantle to an area…
Ring of fire
an area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where a large numbe…
15 terms
Volcanoes and plate tectonics
Volcanoes
Magma
Lava
Ring Of Fire
Mountain that forms in Earth's crust when molten material , o…
molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean
Volcanoes
Mountain that forms in Earth's crust when molten material , o…
Magma
molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water
90 terms
Plate tectonics, volcanoes
Asthenosphere
Continental drift
Continental rift
Continental volcanic arc
A subdivision of the mantel situated below the lithosphere. T…
Theory that originally proposed that the continents are rafte…
A LINEAR zone along which continental lithosphere stretches…
Mountains formed in part by igneous activity associated with…
Asthenosphere
A subdivision of the mantel situated below the lithosphere. T…
Continental drift
Theory that originally proposed that the continents are rafte…
8 terms
Science Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
Volcano
Magma
lava
Ring of Fire
weak spot in the crust where molten material, or magma, comes…
molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water f…
when magma reaches the surface
One major volcanic belt formed by the many volcanoes that rim…
Volcano
weak spot in the crust where molten material, or magma, comes…
Magma
molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water f…
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