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Study sets matching "police society"

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Study sets matching "police society"

30 terms
Police and Society
Under our form of government, the exec…
This type of police work emphasizes po…
Which of the following is NOT consider…
Intelligence-led policing is the newes…
law enforcement
Proactive police work
Reduce crime and victimization.
True
Under our form of government, the exec…
law enforcement
This type of police work emphasizes po…
Proactive police work
76 terms
police and society
U.S. has a republican form of governme…
under our form of government, which br…
laws that govern how the police go abo…
what are the laws that are concerned w…
federalism
executive branch
procedural laws
criminal laws
U.S. has a republican form of governme…
federalism
under our form of government, which br…
executive branch
74 terms
Police & Society
Herman Goldstein defines police corrup…
Lawrence Sherman used this term to des…
A police officer who passively accepts…
A police officer who actively and aggr…
Misuse of authority; Personal gain
"Moral Career" of a Police Officer
Grass Eater
Meat Eater
Herman Goldstein defines police corrup…
Misuse of authority; Personal gain
Lawrence Sherman used this term to des…
"Moral Career" of a Police Officer
24 terms
Police and Society
Case Law
Civil Law
Consolidated Agencies
Contract Law Enforcement
Written rulings of state and federal appellate courts that de…
Law concerned with relationships between individuals (ex. Con…
A type of police agency created through the integration of tw…
A kind of policing that involves an agreement between two uni…
Case Law
Written rulings of state and federal appellate courts that de…
Civil Law
Law concerned with relationships between individuals (ex. Con…
64 terms
Police & Society
Democracy
Democratic Policing
Pluristic perspective
Elitist Perspective
Consensus, freedom, participation equality
product of 3 branches of government: Executive, legislative,…
police are a benign institution that helps implement laws tha…
police exist to protect the powerful and repress everyone else
Democracy
Consensus, freedom, participation equality
Democratic Policing
product of 3 branches of government: Executive, legislative,…
46 terms
Police and Society
Four Functions of Law Enforcement
Order Maintenance
law enforcement
Public Service
Order Maintenance ... Public Service... Law Enforcement ... Crime Prev…
patrol goal that may or may not involve a violation of the la…
Activities in which police make arrests, issue citations, con…
A body of government employees trained in methods of law enfo…
Four Functions of Law Enforcement
Order Maintenance ... Public Service... Law Enforcement ... Crime Prev…
Order Maintenance
patrol goal that may or may not involve a violation of the la…
17 terms
Police and Society
William Muir 1997 4 types offficers
John Wilson 3 typology 1968
number senior citizens
U.S. Populations for immigrants
Professional-Empathy... Enforcer... Reciprocators ... avoiders-no pass…
watch style-maintaining order... legalistic style - maximize enf…
13.3% 65 and older
6% foreign born
William Muir 1997 4 types offficers
Professional-Empathy... Enforcer... Reciprocators ... avoiders-no pass…
John Wilson 3 typology 1968
watch style-maintaining order... legalistic style - maximize enf…
23 terms
police and society
Civil Rights Act of 1964
disparate impact
consent decree
Age Discrimination employment act
cant discriminate because of race, color, religion, sex, nati…
How you show your test wasnt discriminatory
when feds come because there was discrimination identified in…
You may have to be 35 or younger
Civil Rights Act of 1964
cant discriminate because of race, color, religion, sex, nati…
disparate impact
How you show your test wasnt discriminatory
11 terms
Police & society
Democratic Policing
Pluralistic Perspective
Criminal Law
Civil Law:
The administration of justice is a product of all three branc…
Institution that helps implement laws that result from politi…
concerns between the relationship between the individual and…
Concerned with relationships between individuals
Democratic Policing
The administration of justice is a product of all three branc…
Pluralistic Perspective
Institution that helps implement laws that result from politi…
28 terms
Police&Society
Police democracy
Authority
Power
Police operate
Police have power and authority but not same thing
The power enforce laws and exact obedience and command. It is…
The ability to get things done through others by influencing…
2roles, 1. Police limit freedom... 2. Police protect freedom
Police democracy
Police have power and authority but not same thing
Authority
The power enforce laws and exact obedience and command. It is…
17 terms
Police & Society
functionalism
conflict
interactionism
macrolevel analysis
-study/understand how societies develop and maintain social o…
-conflict exists bt groups in any given society... -which groups…
-pays attention to nature/meanings as well as specific detail…
studying the police as a group or organization that operates…
functionalism
-study/understand how societies develop and maintain social o…
conflict
-conflict exists bt groups in any given society... -which groups…
12 terms
Police and Society
ECD
CCD
Robbery
Burglary
Electric Control Device (EX: Tazer)
Conductive Control Device
Personal Crime, Someone is present
Crime, No one is present
ECD
Electric Control Device (EX: Tazer)
CCD
Conductive Control Device
37 terms
Police and Society
Police (Poliz)
Police Mission and Mandate
Scope of the law enforcement sector
Types of Police
citizen who participates in affairs of a city or state... -balan…
Executive ... Legislative: Make laws... Judicial: courts makes deci…
-levels of policing... -municipal... -state ... -federal... (Local agenci…
-private... -special jurisdiction police... -sheriffs and deputy sh…
Police (Poliz)
citizen who participates in affairs of a city or state... -balan…
Police Mission and Mandate
Executive ... Legislative: Make laws... Judicial: courts makes deci…
Police and Society
Van Maanen
Choice
Introduction
Encounter
1971
...
getting into the academy ... training ... policing ... procedure ... rules
field training ... assigned veteran patrol
Van Maanen
1971
Choice
...
101 terms
Police and Society
Stress
three stages of general adaptation syn…
consequences of prolonged stree
psychiatric problems with prolonged st…
body's nonspecific response to any demand put on it
alarm, resistance, exhaustion
less discriminating, make disorganized or stereotyped respons…
ptsd, depression/anxiety
Stress
body's nonspecific response to any demand put on it
three stages of general adaptation syn…
alarm, resistance, exhaustion
31 terms
police in society
Bill of rights
crime control model
due process model
constable
first ten amendments to constitution protects U.S citizens fr…
police will make mistakes occasionally victim is able to sue…
the only way to deal with illegally obtained evidence is to s…
responsible collecting taxes supervising highways and serving…
Bill of rights
first ten amendments to constitution protects U.S citizens fr…
crime control model
police will make mistakes occasionally victim is able to sue…
Police and Society
Necessary to apprehend an armed and da…
The effort to avoid violations of an o…
Police officer deaths in 2009
Exceptions to the exclusionary ruld
-Subject recently killed or injured someone, or has in the pa…
-totally blocking the sharing of information
-48 were feloniously killed... -21 in the south... -13 in the west…
-Good Faith Exception: (only applies to bad search warrants)…
Necessary to apprehend an armed and da…
-Subject recently killed or injured someone, or has in the pa…
The effort to avoid violations of an o…
-totally blocking the sharing of information
19 terms
Police & society
4th amendment
Fifth amendment
Sixth amendment
Eighth amendment
Right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, pa…
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, unless on a…
Accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial an…
Excessive bail shall not be required, not excessive fines imp…
4th amendment
Right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, pa…
Fifth amendment
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, unless on a…
59 terms
police & society
The Sara Model Stands for?
What was the first police department t…
Which of the following statements is T…
The more densely populated an area, th…
Scanning, Assessment, response, analysis
Syracuse
The aim of problem oriented policing is to identify and reduc…
The more likely foot patrol will be effective
The Sara Model Stands for?
Scanning, Assessment, response, analysis
What was the first police department t…
Syracuse
82 terms
Police and society
Broken windows Theory
Behavioral police management
Centralization
Chain of Command
a criminological theory of the norm-setting and signaling eff…
focus is on maintaining order
concentrate (control of an activity or organization) under a…
a hierarchy of officials in the armed forces or in business,…
Broken windows Theory
a criminological theory of the norm-setting and signaling eff…
Behavioral police management
focus is on maintaining order
23 terms
Police and Society
Police tasks/police mandates
Order maintenance
Police tactics/strategies
Police discretion
Public... page 101
maintaining order by incapacitation, punishment and treatment…
Tactics are the means by which a strategy is implemented.
It is defined as the decision-making power afforded to police…
Police tasks/police mandates
Public... page 101
Order maintenance
maintaining order by incapacitation, punishment and treatment…
128 terms
Police and Society
bow street runners
bow street runners
rural
Robert peel
magistrates henry and john fielding (looked for alternatives)
paid watchmen in London
dependent upon private policing
criticized "disconnected policing"
bow street runners
magistrates henry and john fielding (looked for alternatives)
bow street runners
paid watchmen in London
22 terms
Police and Society
Dirty Harry problem
Flight-or-fight response
National Law Enforcement Officers
Police culture or police subculture
1. Police officers refers to the reality that police officers…
The body's reaction to highly stressful situations.
A Law Enforcement Officer is any officer, agent, or employee…
is a combination of shared norms, values,goals,career pattern…
Dirty Harry problem
1. Police officers refers to the reality that police officers…
Flight-or-fight response
The body's reaction to highly stressful situations.
21 terms
police and society
Evidence-based policing
Split-force patrol
Directed patrol
Saturation patrol
Using available scientific research on policing to implement…
A method in which the patrol force is split. Half responds to…
Officers patrol strategically to address a specific crime pro…
Assigning a larger number of uniformed officers than normal t…
Evidence-based policing
Using available scientific research on policing to implement…
Split-force patrol
A method in which the patrol force is split. Half responds to…
13 terms
Police and Society
Politeuein
Polis
Federalism
Separation of Powers
Greek word meaning to be a citizen or to engage in political…
Greek word for city or state
power that is dispersed throughout the gov't and state agenci…
three branches of gov't with checks and balances so that one…
Politeuein
Greek word meaning to be a citizen or to engage in political…
Polis
Greek word for city or state
85 terms
police and society
Officer's style is based on
Enviroments
occupational stress
coping mechanisms
the enviroment, coping mechanisms and the outcomes
occupation or organizational
danger and coercive authorities
You stay suspicious and maintain the edge over citizens respe…
Officer's style is based on
the enviroment, coping mechanisms and the outcomes
Enviroments
occupation or organizational
36 terms
Police and society
double marginality
dirty harry problem
discretion
decentralized model
simultaneous expectation by white officers that African Ameri…
a moral dilemma faced by officers in which they may feel forc…
freedom to act or decide a matter on one's own
makes a clear distinction between traffic enforcement on stat…
double marginality
simultaneous expectation by white officers that African Ameri…
dirty harry problem
a moral dilemma faced by officers in which they may feel forc…
36 terms
police and society
Rule of law
Civil law
Criminal law
Roles of police
A principle of constitutional democracy whereby the exercise…
relationships between individuals, problems between two people
Laws concerned with the relationship between the individual a…
1. Legal expectations (follow laws)... 2. Organizational expecta…
Rule of law
A principle of constitutional democracy whereby the exercise…
Civil law
relationships between individuals, problems between two people
27 terms
Police and Society
Hue and cry system
In what year did London create the Met…
Who created the Metropolitan police?
What was the Metropolitan police force…
You are responsible for pursuing fugitives, watch and ward wo…
1829
Sir Robert Peel
crime prevention by means of deterrence.
Hue and cry system
You are responsible for pursuing fugitives, watch and ward wo…
In what year did London create the Met…
1829
179 terms
Police and Society Final
T/F: Many, if not most, Americans woul…
What outcomes define the mission of po…
T/F: Officers rarely need to be concer…
What describes what police officers pr…
True
-reduce crime and disorder... -reduce fear of crime... -solve neigh…
False
provide service
T/F: Many, if not most, Americans woul…
True
What outcomes define the mission of po…
-reduce crime and disorder... -reduce fear of crime... -solve neigh…
Policing and Society
Force and Coercion
Requests can be coercive
Reiss(1967)
Sykes and Brent(1983)
Anytime the police require citizens to act in a certain way
Implied authority
Reactive vs. proactive encounters
3 methods of regulation
Force and Coercion
Anytime the police require citizens to act in a certain way
Requests can be coercive
Implied authority
23 terms
Police and Society Ch. 3
Affidavit
Arrest
Bright line rule
Carroll Doctrine
A written oath established with probable cause to obtain a se…
The act of depriving a person of his or her liberty by legal…
A clear, easily understood and easily applied standard in a s…
Provides for warantless searches of motor vehicles if there i…
Affidavit
A written oath established with probable cause to obtain a se…
Arrest
The act of depriving a person of his or her liberty by legal…
21 terms
Policing in Society
mutual pledge system
tithing
hue and cry
hundred
as an individual you are responsible for everyone's actions
groups of 10 that are responsible for each other
"call for assistance"; now tithing had to help out for more s…
ten tithings
mutual pledge system
as an individual you are responsible for everyone's actions
tithing
groups of 10 that are responsible for each other
48 terms
Policing in Society
Paramilitary model of management
criticisms of the paramilitary design
Systems Theory
Open vs Closed Systems
formal pattern where the police are organized along military…
argued for a more flexible and democratic organizational mode…
all parts of a system (organization) are interrelated and dep…
an open system interacts with and adapts to its surroundings…
Paramilitary model of management
formal pattern where the police are organized along military…
criticisms of the paramilitary design
argued for a more flexible and democratic organizational mode…
25 terms
Police&Society:Ch.4
Landmark Studies of Police Effectiveness
Strategic Developments
Improving crime-control effectiveness
crime analysis
1. patrol studies: Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment... 2…
-improving crime-control effectiveness... -Improving police-comm…
Crime analysis... Directed patrol... Differential police responses…
info. on crime & calls for service (Improving crime-control e…
Landmark Studies of Police Effectiveness
1. patrol studies: Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment... 2…
Strategic Developments
-improving crime-control effectiveness... -Improving police-comm…
36 terms
Police&Society:Ch.2
Kin policing
Nightwatch
19th century
Henry fielding
Family, clan, or tribe enforced rules and norms of conduct... ("…
Group of citizens patrolling at night looking for fires and o…
Became model for US policing
Bow street runners (19th century) developed the first police…
Kin policing
Family, clan, or tribe enforced rules and norms of conduct... ("…
Nightwatch
Group of citizens patrolling at night looking for fires and o…
26 terms
Police&Society:Ch.7
Selection
Entry
Promotion
Screen In
1.entry 2.reassignment 3. promotion
if high-quality recruits are to be selected, the process shou…
The same equal employment and affirmative action rules apply…
identifies only the best qualified candidates
Selection
1.entry 2.reassignment 3. promotion
Entry
if high-quality recruits are to be selected, the process shou…
36 terms
Police&Society:Ch.1
Democracy
Three branches of government
Executive
Legislative
Represents consensus, freedom, participation, and equality
Executive, legislative, judicial
President signs laws; law enforcement
Makes laws
Democracy
Represents consensus, freedom, participation, and equality
Three branches of government
Executive, legislative, judicial
23 terms
Police&Society:Ch.3
Criminal procedure
Adjudication process
Warren court
4th Amendment
Is the process by which a person accused of a crime is proces…
Fair trial, right to retain counsel, and various pretrial pro…
(Earl warren) increased protection from civil rights (from du…
provides safeguards from unreasonable search & seizure... - Terr…
Criminal procedure
Is the process by which a person accused of a crime is proces…
Adjudication process
Fair trial, right to retain counsel, and various pretrial pro…
28 terms
REAL POLICE/SOCIETY 2
Management
Case Screening
Police legitimacy
Police Justice
Directing individuals to achieve department goals efficiently…
A screening strategy used as a way to reduce attention to cas…
Public confidence in the police as fair and equitable; the le…
being treated fairly b police officers who are acting under t…
Management
Directing individuals to achieve department goals efficiently…
Case Screening
A screening strategy used as a way to reduce attention to cas…
54 terms
Police & Society Test 1
Double marginality
14th Amendment (1868)
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Omnibus Crime Control & Safe Streets A…
Expectation that black officers will treat the same race diff…
Guarantees "equal protection of the law" (employment equality)
Prohibits job discrimination
Enacted to aid communities in reducing the crime problem, cre…
Double marginality
Expectation that black officers will treat the same race diff…
14th Amendment (1868)
Guarantees "equal protection of the law" (employment equality)
24 terms
Police and Society Ch. 1
Case law
Civil law
Consolidated agencies
Contract law enforcement
The written rulings of state and federal appellate courts whi…
Concerned with relationships between individuals`
Represent the integration of two or more police departments
Contractual arrangement between two units of government in wh…
Case law
The written rulings of state and federal appellate courts whi…
Civil law
Concerned with relationships between individuals`
63 terms
Police and Society Exam 1
Battery
Coercive Force
Extortion
Law enforcement... (One of the three majo…
The use of force on another (a misdemeanor).
The use of threats to harm in order to control behavior.
The unlawful exaction of money or property through intimidati…
The enforcement of the law as written in penal codes, vehicle…
Battery
The use of force on another (a misdemeanor).
Coercive Force
The use of threats to harm in order to control behavior.
12 terms
Police and Society Chapter 12
Diversity
Testimonial Evidence
Empirical Evidence
Double Marginality
A wide variation in racial, ethnic, and gender makeup of a po…
is based on opinions of individuals who have strong political…
Proof based on systematic study of data
situation in which minority police officers are not fully acc…
Diversity
A wide variation in racial, ethnic, and gender makeup of a po…
Testimonial Evidence
is based on opinions of individuals who have strong political…
8 terms
Police and Society Chapter 9
Socialization Theory
Discretion
Racial Profiling
Police Deviance
is an idea that police behavior, both positive and negative i…
decision not to invoke legal sanctions when circumstances are…
refers to proactive police actions that rely on race or ethni…
is behavior that does not conform to the standards of norms o…
Socialization Theory
is an idea that police behavior, both positive and negative i…
Discretion
decision not to invoke legal sanctions when circumstances are…
21 terms
police and society ch.13
physiological stress
psychological stress
eustress
distress
Deals with the biological effects on the individual, includin…
the behavioral and emotional components of the stress model
Positive stress
Negative stress
physiological stress
Deals with the biological effects on the individual, includin…
psychological stress
the behavioral and emotional components of the stress model
110 terms
Police and Society Exam 1
Proactive policing emphasizes ________…
What is discretion? Give an example.
What four expectations can cause confl…
Under our form of government, the exec…
police-initiated activities by an officer or department; resp…
Making a choice concerning what laws will be enforced.
-legal... -organizational... -community... -individual
Law enforcement
Proactive policing emphasizes ________…
police-initiated activities by an officer or department; resp…
What is discretion? Give an example.
Making a choice concerning what laws will be enforced.
41 terms
Police and Society Final
Discretion
Organizational Factors
Neighborhood Factors
Individual Officer Characteristics
-A 2-part decision made by a police officer... -Whether to inter…
Part 1: Bureaucratic Structure... -Is model of administration st…
Racial Composition & Heterogeneity... - High demand for police a…
Education, Age, & Experience... - Seasoned officers, more likely…
Discretion
-A 2-part decision made by a police officer... -Whether to inter…
Organizational Factors
Part 1: Bureaucratic Structure... -Is model of administration st…
26 terms
Police and Society Exam 1
1 )Proactive Policing emphasizes______…
3) What four expectation can cause con…
4) under our form of government, the e…
5) The most distinctive feature of Ame…
1) Policing initiated activities by an officer or department.…
1) legal... 2)organizational ... 3) community ... 4)individual
Law Enforcement
Fragmented
1 )Proactive Policing emphasizes______…
1) Policing initiated activities by an officer or department.…
3) What four expectation can cause con…
1) legal... 2)organizational ... 3) community ... 4)individual
60 terms
CJE Police and Society
counterterrorism
criminal justice system
homeland security
private police
policing that aims to protect citizens from terrorist attacks
includes the police, judicial system, and correctional instit…
the mission of protecting the nation as well as local communi…
police employed and paid by individual or nongovernmental org…
counterterrorism
policing that aims to protect citizens from terrorist attacks
criminal justice system
includes the police, judicial system, and correctional instit…
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