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Study sets matching "policy historiography"

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Study sets matching "policy historiography"

28 terms
Foreign Policy Historiography
The league failed because it lacked te…
Presence and future of the league was…
Mussolini appeared to have triumphed i…
League was never able to overcome the…
F.S. Northedge (Structuralist LON counter)
Maxwell Garnett (Interwar - LON counter)
G. Scott (revisionist- LON Counter)
Webster (Great People - LON)
The league failed because it lacked te…
F.S. Northedge (Structuralist LON counter)
Presence and future of the league was…
Maxwell Garnett (Interwar - LON counter)
6 terms
Historiography - Stalins Domestic Policies
Roy Medvedev (1983)
David Christian (1997)
Dmitri Volkogonov (1991)
E.H. Carr (1953)
ECONOMIC - AGRICULTURE... Collectivization: war against the peas…
ECONOMIC - AGRICULTURE... Condemned a whole generation of Russia…
ECONOMIC - AGRICULTURE... "Stalin's forced agrarian revolution c…
ECONOMIC - INDUSTRY... It is impossible to dissociate Russia's p…
Roy Medvedev (1983)
ECONOMIC - AGRICULTURE... Collectivization: war against the peas…
David Christian (1997)
ECONOMIC - AGRICULTURE... Condemned a whole generation of Russia…
17 terms
Foreign policy 1870-1914 historiography
(Franco Prussian war) "G Stone acted p…
(Black Sea) "public opinion went again…
(Alabama) "useful as a precedent for f…
(Suez Canal) "to control and minimise…
Lee
Fortune
Lee
Hicks
(Franco Prussian war) "G Stone acted p…
Lee
(Black Sea) "public opinion went again…
Fortune
9 terms
Historiography: Stalin's Economic Policies
Leonard Shapiro
Sheila Fitzpatrick
Robert Conquest
Alec Nove
had industrial growth proceed under the Tsarist regime uninte…
highly critical of Stalin. His gigantomania distorted the eco…
highly critical of Stalin's policies, Conquest remarked "Stal…
Stalin's economic policies were a failure. They caused misery…
Leonard Shapiro
had industrial growth proceed under the Tsarist regime uninte…
Sheila Fitzpatrick
highly critical of Stalin. His gigantomania distorted the eco…
15 terms
Elizabeth I Historiography (6) - Foreign policy
Wernham on Elizabeth's goal in early p…
Mervyn on goal of foreign policy
Murphy et al on England's power
Doran on turning point of foreign policy
'She wanted to retain Spain as a counterpoise to France'
Need to 'reassert England's status' after Mary's failures
'second rate power' compared with France and Spain (throughou…
1576-8 as Elizabeth begins to build up English fleet
Wernham on Elizabeth's goal in early p…
'She wanted to retain Spain as a counterpoise to France'
Mervyn on goal of foreign policy
Need to 'reassert England's status' after Mary's failures
12 terms
Third Reich: Democratic Policy 1 Historiographies
Klaus Fischer
Karl Bracher (+group of Historians)
Noakes and Pridham (three main develop…
Gellately (Nazis Terror)
The chief strategy in Hiler's arsenal of gaining, maintaining…
identify Nazism as totalitarian... dominate individual's life w…
1. Individual employed to work in the press began to be vette…
Without the active participation of the population, it would…
Klaus Fischer
The chief strategy in Hiler's arsenal of gaining, maintaining…
Karl Bracher (+group of Historians)
identify Nazism as totalitarian... dominate individual's life w…
8 terms
Foreign Policy Historiography (will add to this as I go)
"a defensive league" against Spain
Elizabeth supported it
Risky and act of piracy
Unfairly and immediately suspected
Treaty of Blois 1572 [John Guy]
Hawkins' attempt to break the Spanish trade monopoly [Ronald…
The acquisition of the Genoese Loan/bullion [Charles Wilson]
The murder of Lord Darnley, Mary's husband. Mary was...[John…
"a defensive league" against Spain
Treaty of Blois 1572 [John Guy]
Elizabeth supported it
Hawkins' attempt to break the Spanish trade monopoly [Ronald…
13 terms
Historiography - Cold War Revision
historiography
Hegel
CW post-revisionist
CW orthodoxy
the recognition of multiple points of view
father of the dialectic
John Lewis Gaddis - 1982 - both systems are to blame
George Frost Kennan - 1946 - soviet system is to blame
historiography
the recognition of multiple points of view
Hegel
father of the dialectic
13 terms
Historiography - Origins of Cold War
ORTHODOX PERSPECTIVE
REVISIONIST PERSPECTIVE
POST-REVISIONIST PERSPECTIVE
Arthur Schleisinger... ORTHODOX ---POST-R…
holds that USSR was responsible for outbreak of war, USSR see…
claimed that the US was responsible for Cold War, and that US…
strike a balance between Orthodox and Revisionist views, stre…
ORTHODOX... Argued that collaboration between Soviet Russia and…
ORTHODOX PERSPECTIVE
holds that USSR was responsible for outbreak of war, USSR see…
REVISIONIST PERSPECTIVE
claimed that the US was responsible for Cold War, and that US…
18 terms
Paper 2 Historiography
Intentionalist
Structuralist
Anderson
Ritter
Policies a result of deliberate planning
Subject to pressure forced to adopt policies not of their cho…
Nazi support was reliant on economic crisis
Collapse of Weimar Republic and Hitler's rise to power was du…
Intentionalist
Policies a result of deliberate planning
Structuralist
Subject to pressure forced to adopt policies not of their cho…
9 terms
Historiography - WWII Revision
Lloyd Gardner
Donald Cameron
Bruce Russett
Robert Dallek
WWII could have been avoided had the US abandoned the isolati…
FDR, a cunning and insightful statesmen, used his skills to g…
The US had no strategic interests relative to the conflict in…
FDR underestimated the threats posed by the rising tide of to…
Lloyd Gardner
WWII could have been avoided had the US abandoned the isolati…
Donald Cameron
FDR, a cunning and insightful statesmen, used his skills to g…
20 terms
Nazi Germany Historiography
Kershaw on the rise of Nazi Germany
Hildebrand on the rise of Nazi Germany
Broszat on the rise of Nazi Germany
Anderson on the rise of Nazi Germany
- External events, young plan, wall street crash, elections o…
Hitler was an intentionalist and a stategist with a detailed…
Hitler was an opportunist that took advantage of any opportun…
- Nazi support was reliant on economic crisis.... - The senility…
Kershaw on the rise of Nazi Germany
- External events, young plan, wall street crash, elections o…
Hildebrand on the rise of Nazi Germany
Hitler was an intentionalist and a stategist with a detailed…
42 terms
Historiography - Nazi Germany Revision
Bracher
Overy
Unemployment figures
Mefo bills figures
'at no time did National Socialism develop a consistent econo…
'the policies actually pursued in 1933 had much more in commo…
within 18 months reduced to 2.5 million ... by 1936, reduced to…
12 M Reichsmark paid out in Mefo bills by 1937... 50% of governm…
Bracher
'at no time did National Socialism develop a consistent econo…
Overy
'the policies actually pursued in 1933 had much more in commo…
31 terms
IB Historiography - Stalin
Rise to power (Figes)
Rise to power (Lewin)
Great Terror (Service)
Purges (Shapiro)
Lenin takes a lot of the blame for appointing Stalin to so ma…
Lenin's poor health opened the door for Stalin's rise, especi…
Stalin initiated the Great Terror, but he was not the only on…
The Post-Kirov Purges were "Stalin's victory over the party"
Rise to power (Figes)
Lenin takes a lot of the blame for appointing Stalin to so ma…
Rise to power (Lewin)
Lenin's poor health opened the door for Stalin's rise, especi…
21 terms
IB Historiography - Weimar Germany and Hitler
Hitler's foreign policy - AJP Taylor
Weimar's 'Golden Age' - AJP Taylor
Weimar's 'Golden Age' culture - Willia…
Fall of Weimar democracy - Ian Kershaw
Hitler's foreign policy was simply a continuation of German a…
Poincare (French PM)--not Stresemann--was responsible for Wei…
'Nowhere else did the arts of intellectual life seem so livel…
The very people who were meant to uphold the democracy (conse…
Hitler's foreign policy - AJP Taylor
Hitler's foreign policy was simply a continuation of German a…
Weimar's 'Golden Age' - AJP Taylor
Poincare (French PM)--not Stresemann--was responsible for Wei…
6 terms
Bismarck Historiography
AJP taylor
Gordon Craig
Eric Eyck
C Grant Robertson
In 1871, the reich was merely a wartime coalition... State soci…
State socialism not a fraud, similar policies can be traced b…
State socialism was a fraud pursued for political opportunism
Bismarck sacrificed the kulturkampf for success in other area…
AJP taylor
In 1871, the reich was merely a wartime coalition... State soci…
Gordon Craig
State socialism not a fraud, similar policies can be traced b…
10 terms
Historiography
Gordon Craig
Mary McAuley
Orlando Figes
Niall Ferguson
Negative cohesion
...
...
...
Gordon Craig
Negative cohesion
Mary McAuley
...
8 terms
Historiography
AJP Taylor; Hitler and Foreign policy
Kershaw; Hitler
Shirer; Ideology
Hildebrand; Soviets
Hitler consisted of Opportunism and improvisation, Functional…
Hitler Lazy Dictator, Functionalist. Didn't think allies woul…
Nazism was logical phase in Germany's development, Determinist
External events such as Munich pact 1938 caused the Nazi Sovi…
AJP Taylor; Hitler and Foreign policy
Hitler consisted of Opportunism and improvisation, Functional…
Kershaw; Hitler
Hitler Lazy Dictator, Functionalist. Didn't think allies woul…
45 terms
Historiography - WWI and Stalin
Ritter
Fischer
Taylor
Zuber
The Schlieffen Plan for German mobilization was risky and inf…
Germany pushed war to avoid internal socialist revolution
Germany's plans accelerated the tempo of events and left no t…
The Schlieffen Plan was one of at least five German alternati…
Ritter
The Schlieffen Plan for German mobilization was risky and inf…
Fischer
Germany pushed war to avoid internal socialist revolution
21 terms
Historiography
Whyte
Taylor
Pipes
Lincoln
Cooperation and by herself
B= good but not essential
Tug grave of Tsarism with liberties
Reactionary but bettered economy and industry
Whyte
Cooperation and by herself
Taylor
B= good but not essential
11 terms
Historiography
Colonial America
American Revolution
Early Nationhood
Late 1800s/Early 1900s
God's chosen people were led to America to better their lives…
God guided the americans to victory against England and Georg…
They believed the movement westward proved that their human p…
Democracy is proven to have worked over a vast area. Providen…
Colonial America
God's chosen people were led to America to better their lives…
American Revolution
God guided the americans to victory against England and Georg…
15 terms
Historiography WW1, Treaty of Versailles, Hitler Revision
Sydney Bradshaw Fay
Fritz Fischer
Eric Hobsbawm
John Stoessinger
No one country to blame for WW1, none plotted for an aggressi…
Germany totally to blame, sought an aggressive war of expansi…
(marxist view) Imperialist capitalism to blame, hunger for re…
Personal failings of those trying to manage the July Crisis
Sydney Bradshaw Fay
No one country to blame for WW1, none plotted for an aggressi…
Fritz Fischer
Germany totally to blame, sought an aggressive war of expansi…
12 terms
Historiography
C. Carpenter on Henry's usurpation
G. Elton on rebellions
Francis Bacon on the nobility
G. Elton on the church
'Henry had the enormous advantage of replacing a king who had…
'The Simnel plot was a major threat'
'He kept a strong hand on his nobility'
'The state of the church was widely believed to be rotten'
C. Carpenter on Henry's usurpation
'Henry had the enormous advantage of replacing a king who had…
G. Elton on rebellions
'The Simnel plot was a major threat'
60 terms
HISTORIOGRAPHY
HISTORIOGRAPHY
NEOLITHIC PERIOD
sargon the great
Hammurabi
the study of writing history
(10,000-3,000 B.C.) new agricultural techniques, domesticatio…
conquers Sumerians: blends their culture
Babylonian king sly foreign policy devises famed legal code e…
HISTORIOGRAPHY
the study of writing history
NEOLITHIC PERIOD
(10,000-3,000 B.C.) new agricultural techniques, domesticatio…
18 terms
Russia historiography
Disution of CA- CPSU
Dissolution of CA- Figes
Dissolution of CA- Pipes
Civil war- Trotsky
It was negcessary ti dissolve the bourgeios CA
Peasantry saw the assembly as a distant thing in the city
The machine gun became the principle instrument if political…
Everything for the front!
Disution of CA- CPSU
It was negcessary ti dissolve the bourgeios CA
Dissolution of CA- Figes
Peasantry saw the assembly as a distant thing in the city
16 terms
Cold War Origins Historiography
Nove (USSR post-war recovery)
Levada (USSR post-war recovery)
Kenez (USSR post-war recovery)
LaFeber (Cold War foreign policies)
Industrial recovery was effective
USSR went into a period of hysterical isolation post-war
The period of recovery was impressive
Cold War was a continuation of the expansionist power policie…
Nove (USSR post-war recovery)
Industrial recovery was effective
Levada (USSR post-war recovery)
USSR went into a period of hysterical isolation post-war
18 terms
Historiography
Royal session
4 Aug 1789
Bastille
Build up to EG
No reply - doyle
Drunk - schama
Climax - doyle
The decision - short
Royal session
No reply - doyle
4 Aug 1789
Drunk - schama
17 terms
Historiography
Emancipation of the serfs was 'too cau…
Alexander II was at the cross-roads be…
'The peasant disturbances died after 1…
'Counter reforms set the Tsarist regim…
Richard Pipes
Seton Watson
Christian
Orlando Figes
Emancipation of the serfs was 'too cau…
Richard Pipes
Alexander II was at the cross-roads be…
Seton Watson
30 terms
Historiography
Lingard
Neale
Elton
Graves
Believed that she was fond of Parliament and called them out…
Puritan choir acted in numerous cases to force the Queen's ha…
Dismissed Neale. Parliament was dominated by the Queen in Cou…
Of course there was dispute between Crown and Parliament, but…
Lingard
Believed that she was fond of Parliament and called them out…
Neale
Puritan choir acted in numerous cases to force the Queen's ha…
11 terms
Historiography
Hagen Schulze
Karl Bracher
A.J.P Taylor
Hans Mommsen
WEIMAR: 'Vicious Cycle' - weak coalitions led to radicalisati…
Main Problem with the constitution was the relationship betwe…
Reparations were damaging because of the 'resentment' they ca…
Brüning's use of Article 48 was as much the cause of collapse…
Hagen Schulze
WEIMAR: 'Vicious Cycle' - weak coalitions led to radicalisati…
Karl Bracher
Main Problem with the constitution was the relationship betwe…
16 terms
Historiography
Charles Beard
Avery Craven
Drew Faust
William Dunning and Howard Beale
Conflicting economic interests between the North and the Sout…
Sectional issues were the primary cause of the Civil War.
Slavery was the primary cause of the Civil War.
Reconstruction was politically, economically, and socially da…
Charles Beard
Conflicting economic interests between the North and the Sout…
Avery Craven
Sectional issues were the primary cause of the Civil War.
15 terms
Mao Rise - Historiography & Quotes
Alan Axelrod, Soviet Marxist
Maoist-CCP theorists
Marxist
Maoist-CCP theorist
"Mao Zedong typically moved in mysterious ways - or at least…
Guo Morou, Mobo Gao (neo-maoist), Hu Qiaomu
tend to be more critical of Mao and his policies - did they s…
sympathetic about Mao, focus on glory on Long March, Yanan So…
Alan Axelrod, Soviet Marxist
"Mao Zedong typically moved in mysterious ways - or at least…
Maoist-CCP theorists
Guo Morou, Mobo Gao (neo-maoist), Hu Qiaomu
12 terms
Historiography
Cyclical History
Great Man
Dialectic
Dialectical materialism
The human past is a series of rises of falls. Lessons can be…
The history of the world is but the biography of great men. C…
History is a constant clashing of ideas. The thesis clashes w…
History is a series of class struggles that will eventually e…
Cyclical History
The human past is a series of rises of falls. Lessons can be…
Great Man
The history of the world is but the biography of great men. C…
25 terms
Historiography
Kett's rebellion 'Government hatred ca…
somerset was one of the most able gove…
Edward rather than northumberland crea…
Sterile
MacCulloch
Hoak
Hoak
Pollard
Kett's rebellion 'Government hatred ca…
MacCulloch
somerset was one of the most able gove…
Hoak
26 terms
Historiography
Neo-Marxism
Consensus Historians
New left Historians
Individual history
Reject aughoritarian of capitalism and communism; blames the…
Post WWII-mid 60s; evils of communism, goods of am culture; v…
Civil rights movement; try to persuade people to be more resp…
70s-present; minority studies
Neo-Marxism
Reject aughoritarian of capitalism and communism; blames the…
Consensus Historians
Post WWII-mid 60s; evils of communism, goods of am culture; v…
28 terms
historiography
British orthodox view (ww2)
Wheeler-Bennett (ww2)
Keith Middlemass (ww2)
R.A.C Parker (ww2)
perceives the appeasement view as an act of surrender, target…
Orthodox british historian: with the case of appeasement, he…
Orthodox british historian: appeasement was "diplomacy of ill…
Orthodox british historian: Believed Chamberlain was so entic…
British orthodox view (ww2)
perceives the appeasement view as an act of surrender, target…
Wheeler-Bennett (ww2)
Orthodox british historian: with the case of appeasement, he…
15 terms
historiography on James I
Trevelyan
Durston
Davies
James
Thought James had neglected the English Navy and disliked Jam…
Thought James had achieved his policy of keeping his main pol…
Criticises James for being inconsistent in his pursuit of peace
Believed himself to be the King of Peace giving himself the t…
Trevelyan
Thought James had neglected the English Navy and disliked Jam…
Durston
Thought James had achieved his policy of keeping his main pol…
35 terms
Historiography
Religion under Somerset -Duffy
Religion under Somerset -Haigh
1549 Rebellions -Guy
1549 Rebellions -Duffy
A charter for revolution
Met with much strife and contention
The closest England came to a class war
Due to class antagonism
Religion under Somerset -Duffy
A charter for revolution
Religion under Somerset -Haigh
Met with much strife and contention
14 terms
Historiography
(1) Alexis de Tocquerville
(1) Christopher Hibbert (1)
(1) Christopher Hibbert (14th July 1789)
(1) Marxist Historian Eric Hobsbawm
Never was any such event so inevitable yet so completely unfo…
(Royal Session 23rd June 1789) "despite this apparent abandon…
(14th July 1789) "crowd was becoming an irresistible force"
"In times of revolution nothing is more powerful than the fal…
(1) Alexis de Tocquerville
Never was any such event so inevitable yet so completely unfo…
(1) Christopher Hibbert (1)
(Royal Session 23rd June 1789) "despite this apparent abandon…
22 terms
Historiography
K. Pyle
W. Beasley
P. J. Bailey
P. J. Bailey 2
Conservatives felt Japan had a duty to have a strong military…
1880s onwards, Western ideas should not be adopted just for b…
Yuan's failure to create support for modernisation under the…
1916-1928, Pure Warlordism.
K. Pyle
Conservatives felt Japan had a duty to have a strong military…
W. Beasley
1880s onwards, Western ideas should not be adopted just for b…
13 terms
History - AOS2 historiography
"Together with the strikes and the Kro…
"If war Communism was a leap into soci…
"he (lenin) always insisted that the N…
"...now Lenin proposed to retire a lit…
...they (the peasants) would force the Congress to abandon fi…
...then the NEP was a leap out of socialism." - Martin McCauley
...really the old economic policy on 1918, but he never attem…
...to change from an assault of the fortress to the slower me…
"Together with the strikes and the Kro…
...they (the peasants) would force the Congress to abandon fi…
"If war Communism was a leap into soci…
...then the NEP was a leap out of socialism." - Martin McCauley
16 terms
Historiography
consolidation rather than innovation
pragmatically embraced much of Labours…
reimaging of the party to a more centr…
One word, Suez
What does Selsdon say about the Churchill administration
What does Hugo Young say about Churchills administration
What does Marr say about the Churchill administration
What does Marr say about Eden
consolidation rather than innovation
What does Selsdon say about the Churchill administration
pragmatically embraced much of Labours…
What does Hugo Young say about Churchills administration
22 terms
further historiography
Glazov
Hornsby
Crump
Matthews
No other death in Russian history created such an enormous at…
The major turning point came when Khrushchev first exposed St…
The Warsaw Pact was a cardboard castle
The Hungarian Rising was an unplanned, leaderless, spontaneou…
Glazov
No other death in Russian history created such an enormous at…
Hornsby
The major turning point came when Khrushchev first exposed St…
6 terms
AQA HIS3K - Brezhnev Historiography
Brezhnev relied on 'conventional methods
Party members 'couldn't bring themselv…
Brezhnev 'abandoned his hare brained s…
'Economically speaking, the Brezhnev p…
Lowe
Laver
Lowe
Nove
Brezhnev relied on 'conventional methods
Lowe
Party members 'couldn't bring themselv…
Laver
29 terms
Historiography
Sydney Bradshaw Fay
A.J.P Taylor - WW1
Fritz Fischer
Martel
Larger forces in Europe (Nationalism, Imperialism) led to WW1
German ambitions and the alliance system led to WW1
German ambitions and militarism led to WW1
The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand was the final straw i…
Sydney Bradshaw Fay
Larger forces in Europe (Nationalism, Imperialism) led to WW1
A.J.P Taylor - WW1
German ambitions and the alliance system led to WW1
22 terms
Collective Security Historiography
Roberts (Failure of the LoN - European…
Thompson (Failure of the LoN - Europea…
Johnson (Failure of the LoN - absent p…
Lamb & Tarling (Failure of the LoN - a…
European economy limited League's options, shown through Abys…
State of European economy meant that nations 'demonstrated th…
'American presence would have made [success in diplomacy] far…
Absence of USA crucial as very concept of the League was 'ess…
Roberts (Failure of the LoN - European…
European economy limited League's options, shown through Abys…
Thompson (Failure of the LoN - Europea…
State of European economy meant that nations 'demonstrated th…
10 terms
EK Terms and Historiography
Appeasement
Appeasement as a Cause of War
Examples of Appeasement
Appeasement Historiography
A policy of settling international disputes by satisfying gri…
Historians such as Taylor argue that Hitler was not acting, b…
The Munich Pact was the best example when Chamberlain allowed…
Keith Middlemass: Chamberlain should be judged harshly, for h…
Appeasement
A policy of settling international disputes by satisfying gri…
Appeasement as a Cause of War
Historians such as Taylor argue that Hitler was not acting, b…
20 terms
Historiography - Mao's China
Rise, Sun Yatsen X: E. Moise
Rise, Sun Yatsen Y: J. Fairbank
Rise, the May Fourth Movement X: J. Ro…
Rise, the May Fourth Movement Y: T. Ryan
'The final collapse of the Qing Dynasty was to a considerable…
Whilst none of the uprisings gained much support, Sun 'certai…
Chinese reformists 'lost faith in Western democracy after the…
The impact of the May Fourth Movement lies more in the realis…
Rise, Sun Yatsen X: E. Moise
'The final collapse of the Qing Dynasty was to a considerable…
Rise, Sun Yatsen Y: J. Fairbank
Whilst none of the uprisings gained much support, Sun 'certai…
19 terms
Historiography
AJP Taylor
Ian Kershaw
Ian Kershaw
Dennis Mack Smith
If there had been a strong democratic sentiment in Germany, H…
Strasser hoped to replace the Programme of 1920. In November,…
The repeated claim before the 'seizure of power' - that the N…
Mussolini was far too sensible to have been responsible for t…
AJP Taylor
If there had been a strong democratic sentiment in Germany, H…
Ian Kershaw
Strasser hoped to replace the Programme of 1920. In November,…
18 terms
historiography
gordon craig
s. williams
ian kershaw
morgan
negative cohesion... - people supported the Nazis not because of…
hitler could become successful because not enough Germans bel…
the hitler myth... - big difference between the image manufactur…
successful foreign policy could pace the road to fascistizati…
gordon craig
negative cohesion... - people supported the Nazis not because of…
s. williams
hitler could become successful because not enough Germans bel…
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