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Study sets matching "political science chapter 10"

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Study sets matching "political science chapter 10"

12 terms
Chapter 10: Political Science
Electoral College
Popular Vote
Redistricting
Gerrymandering
The presidential electors, selected to represent the votes of…
Tally of total votes from individual citizens, as opposed to…
Process whereby state legislatures redraw the boundaries of c…
- Redistricting that blatantly benefits one political party o…
Electoral College
The presidential electors, selected to represent the votes of…
Popular Vote
Tally of total votes from individual citizens, as opposed to…
27 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
interest groups
lobbying
interest group state
pluralism
organizations of people who share common political interests…
efforts to influence public policy through contact with publi…
a government in which most policy decisions are determined by…
identifies interest groups as america's fundamental political…
interest groups
organizations of people who share common political interests…
lobbying
efforts to influence public policy through contact with publi…
Political Science Chapter 10
bicameral
power of the purse
oversight
advice and consent
any legislative body that consists of two separate chambers o…
congress's exclusive constitutional power to authorize expend…
congressional monitoring of the activities of executive branc…
the constitutional power of the U.S. Senate to reject or rati…
bicameral
any legislative body that consists of two separate chambers o…
power of the purse
congress's exclusive constitutional power to authorize expend…
18 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
Term
Session
Adjourns
Prologue
The time served in political office.
That period of time during which, each year, Congress assembl…
Suspends until the next session.
End or discontinue.
Term
The time served in political office.
Session
That period of time during which, each year, Congress assembl…
17 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
Bureaucracy
Bureaucrat
Department
Independent agency
A large, complex organization in which employees have specifi…
An employee of a bureaucracy, usually meaning a government bu…
The biggest unit of the executive branch, covering a broad ar…
An executive agency that is not part of a cabinet department.
Bureaucracy
A large, complex organization in which employees have specifi…
Bureaucrat
An employee of a bureaucracy, usually meaning a government bu…
60 terms
Political Science - Chapter 10
bicameral
power of the purse
oversight
advice and consent
any legislative body that consists of two separate chambers o…
congress's exclusive constitutional power to authorize expend…
congressional monitoring of the activities of executive branc…
the constitutional power of the US Senate to reject or ratify…
bicameral
any legislative body that consists of two separate chambers o…
power of the purse
congress's exclusive constitutional power to authorize expend…
17 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
Corporatism
METI
Diet
Public Financing
The direct participation of interest groups in government
Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry; formerly MI…
Japan's national legislature.
Using tax dollars to fund something, such as election campaig…
Corporatism
The direct participation of interest groups in government
METI
Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry; formerly MI…
32 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
constituents
reapportionment
redistricting
gerrymandering
the residents of a congressional district or state
the assigning by congress of congressional seats after each c…
the redrawing of congressional and other legislative district…
the drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a p…
constituents
the residents of a congressional district or state
reapportionment
the assigning by congress of congressional seats after each c…
18 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
term
session
adjourn
prorogue
two-year period of time during which Congress meets
that period of time during which, each year, Congress assembl…
suspends
to end or discontinue (The Constitution does give the Preside…
term
two-year period of time during which Congress meets
session
that period of time during which, each year, Congress assembl…
34 terms
Political science chapter 10
universalism
reciprocity
specialization
Seniority
the informal congressional norm of distributing the benefits…
the informal congressional norm whereby a member votes for a…
the expertise of a member of congress on a specific issue or…
the informal congressional norm of choosing the member who ha…
universalism
the informal congressional norm of distributing the benefits…
reciprocity
the informal congressional norm whereby a member votes for a…
30 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
Paradox of congress
Trustee approach
Instructed delegate
Casework
Americans dislike congress, but Americans like their congress…
you do what's best for society
do what constituents want; do what people who helped you want
Help constituents with the problems they have with the federa…
Paradox of congress
Americans dislike congress, but Americans like their congress…
Trustee approach
you do what's best for society
31 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
Benign gerrymandering
Campaign
Caucus (political)
Closed caucus
attempts to draw district boundaries so as to create district…
an effort by political candidates and their supporters to win…
a normally closed meeting of a political or legislative group…
a presidential nominating caucus open only to registered part…
Benign gerrymandering
attempts to draw district boundaries so as to create district…
Campaign
an effort by political candidates and their supporters to win…
22 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
electoral college
popular vote
redistricting
gerrymandering
the presidential electors, selected every four years to repre…
tally of total votes from indivigual citizens, as opposed to…
process whereby state legislatures redraw the boundaries of c…
redistricting that blatantly benefits one political party ove…
electoral college
the presidential electors, selected every four years to repre…
popular vote
tally of total votes from indivigual citizens, as opposed to…
23 terms
Political Science: Chapter 10
Micro-targeting
Coattails
Political Action Committees (PAC)
Position papers
Involves gathering info on consumer and recreational habits o…
Refers to the tendency of candidates to win more votes in an…
Are limited to $5,000 per candidate
Are developed for political candidates to identify their posi…
Micro-targeting
Involves gathering info on consumer and recreational habits o…
Coattails
Refers to the tendency of candidates to win more votes in an…
63 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
what is public opinion?
how many level are in public opinion?…
what is aggregate?
what does the term public opinion refe…
citizens' attitudes about political issues, leaders, institut…
two; aggregate and individual
how your opinion stacks up with other people's opinions
an aggregate or public
what is public opinion?
citizens' attitudes about political issues, leaders, institut…
how many level are in public opinion?…
two; aggregate and individual
11 terms
Political Science: Chapter 10
Thirty Years' War
State
Sovereignty
Territorial Integrity
A war fought in Europe during the period 1618-1648 that was b…
The primary actor in international relations. They have gover…
The idea that the government within a state is recognized as…
The boundaries of any state are to be protected against any a…
Thirty Years' War
A war fought in Europe during the period 1618-1648 that was b…
State
The primary actor in international relations. They have gover…
37 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
Twelfth Amendment
Head of State
Chief Executive
Civil Service
An amendment to the Constitution, adopted in 1804, that speci…
The role of the president as ceremonial head of the government.
The role of the president as head of the executive branch of…
A collective term for the body of employees working for the g…
Twelfth Amendment
An amendment to the Constitution, adopted in 1804, that speci…
Head of State
The role of the president as ceremonial head of the government.
18 terms
chapter 10 political science
term
session
adjourn
prorouge
two-year period of time during which Congress meets
that period of time during which, each year, Congress assembl…
suspends
to end or discontinue (The Constitution does give the Preside…
term
two-year period of time during which Congress meets
session
that period of time during which, each year, Congress assembl…
17 terms
Chapter 10--Political science
Less Developed Countries
Emerging Markets
South
Newley Industrialized Countries
Countries that may be characterized by low levels of per-capi…
Poorer economies with potential for future growth... China, Mexi…
Categories of less developed nations that are not part of a s…
countries benefitting for external trade relationships, growi…
Less Developed Countries
Countries that may be characterized by low levels of per-capi…
Emerging Markets
Poorer economies with potential for future growth... China, Mexi…
17 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
Congressional Caucus
Floor
Conference Committee
114th Congress
A group of House or Senate members that convene regularly to…
The full chamber, either in the House of Representatives or i…
A temporary collection of House and Senate members, appointed…
The Congress elected in 2014. The first Congress met in 1789-…
Congressional Caucus
A group of House or Senate members that convene regularly to…
Floor
The full chamber, either in the House of Representatives or i…
25 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
benign gerrymandering
campaign
closed primary
coattail effect
attempts to draw district boundaries so as to create district…
an effort by political candidates and their staffs to win the…
a primary election in which voters can participate in the nom…
the result of voters casting their ballot for president or go…
benign gerrymandering
attempts to draw district boundaries so as to create district…
campaign
an effort by political candidates and their staffs to win the…
political science chapter 10
interest groups
informational... material... solidary... purpos…
information benefits
material benefits
an organization of people sharing common objectives who activ…
4 benefits of joining an interest group
conferences, training purposes, publications
insurance and discounts
interest groups
an organization of people sharing common objectives who activ…
informational... material... solidary... purpos…
4 benefits of joining an interest group
47 terms
Political science chapter 10
Apportionment
Reapportionment
Cenus
At large
The distribution of the number of members of the House of Rep…
The periodic redistribution of U.S. congressional seats accor…
An official population count
An election process in which the votes of a city, state, or c…
Apportionment
The distribution of the number of members of the House of Rep…
Reapportionment
The periodic redistribution of U.S. congressional seats accor…
22 terms
political science chapter 10
The constitutional statement giving Co…
The presiding officer of the House of…
The congressional work of providing pe…
the 1974 federal law creating congress…
necessary and proper clause
Speaker of the House
case work
budget and impoundment control act
The constitutional statement giving Co…
necessary and proper clause
The presiding officer of the House of…
Speaker of the House
11 terms
Chapter 10 (Political Science)
Thirty Years War
State
Territorial Integrity
Secularism
A war fought in Europe during the period 1618 -1648 that was…
A primary actor in international relations.
The boundaries of any state are to be protected against acts…
The belief that religion should be separate from gov authorit…
Thirty Years War
A war fought in Europe during the period 1618 -1648 that was…
State
A primary actor in international relations.
13 terms
political science chapter 10
democracy
direct democracy
representative democracy
legislature
rule by the people
a system in which citizens themselves make the governing deci…
a form of democracy in which citizens elect representatives t…
an institution whose responsibilities include the approval of…
democracy
rule by the people
direct democracy
a system in which citizens themselves make the governing deci…
15 terms
Political Science - Chapter 10
Term of Office
Veto Power
Who's eligible to run?
congressional checks
a limited period of time during which an elected official ser…
Power giving presidents the capacity to prevent bills passed…
natural born citizen
...
Term of Office
a limited period of time during which an elected official ser…
Veto Power
Power giving presidents the capacity to prevent bills passed…
chapter 10 political science
12th amendment
head of state
chief executive
civil service
amendment that specifies separate election of the president a…
role of the president as ceremonial head of government
role of president as head of the executive branch of the gove…
collective term for the body of employees working for the gov…
12th amendment
amendment that specifies separate election of the president a…
head of state
role of the president as ceremonial head of government
8 terms
political science chapter 10
median voter
retrospective voting
provisional ballots
plurality
ideologically, at the center, of the political issue spectrum
theory of democratic elections in which voters look back at t…
vote that is cast but not counted until determination is made…
more votes than any other candidate but less than a majority…
median voter
ideologically, at the center, of the political issue spectrum
retrospective voting
theory of democratic elections in which voters look back at t…
23 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
President is also refered to as
executive power
power of appointment
the power of remvoal
1.the chief of state... 2.the head of gov... 3.the commander in chief
the vesting clause in the constitution in article 2 confers e…
us president has the right, power, and dity to appoint qualif…
us president can remove all appointments without senatorial c…
President is also refered to as
1.the chief of state... 2.the head of gov... 3.the commander in chief
executive power
the vesting clause in the constitution in article 2 confers e…
18 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
term
session
adjourn
prorogue
two-year period of time during which Congress meets
that period of time during which, each year, Congress assembl…
suspends
to end or discontinue (The Constitution does give the Preside…
term
two-year period of time during which Congress meets
session
that period of time during which, each year, Congress assembl…
18 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
Term
Session
Adjourns
Prologue
The time served in political office.
That period of time during which, each year, Congress assembl…
Suspends until the next session.
End or discontinue.
Term
The time served in political office.
Session
That period of time during which, each year, Congress assembl…
37 terms
Chapter 10 Political Science
Term
Session
Adjourn
Prorogue
Two-year period of time during which Congress meets.
Period of time during which, each year, Congress assembles an…
Suspend, as in a session of Congress.
Adjourn, as in a legislative session.
Term
Two-year period of time during which Congress meets.
Session
Period of time during which, each year, Congress assembles an…
Political science chapter 10
Cabinet
Commander in chief
Delegated powers
Executive agreement
Secretaries, chief administrators, or major departments of fe…
Presidential role of national military and national guard
Powers given to one agency of gov from a other (Congress give…
An agreement made between president and another country, with…
Cabinet
Secretaries, chief administrators, or major departments of fe…
Commander in chief
Presidential role of national military and national guard
18 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
term
session
adjourn
prorogue
two-year period of time during which Congress meets
that period of time during which, each year, Congress assembl…
suspends
to end or discontinue (The Constitution does give the Preside…
term
two-year period of time during which Congress meets
session
that period of time during which, each year, Congress assembl…
39 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
initiative
popular referendum
legislative referendum
recall elections
a procedure that allows citizens to draft their own legislati…
a process whereby people may gather signatures to enable the…
a vote that takes place when a state legislature sends measur…
special elections in which voters in some states may oust off…
initiative
a procedure that allows citizens to draft their own legislati…
popular referendum
a process whereby people may gather signatures to enable the…
18 terms
Political Science chapter 10
Term
Session
Adjourn
Prorogue
The length of time elected officials serve after being elected
The regular period of time during which Congress performs leg…
To suspend a session until next session
What the President can do if the two houses of Congress canno…
Term
The length of time elected officials serve after being elected
Session
The regular period of time during which Congress performs leg…
15 terms
Political science chapter 10
Cabinet
Commander in Chief
Delegated powers
Executive... Agreement
The secretaries or chief administrator of the major Departmen…
The role of the president as commander of the National milita…
... Constitutional Powers that are assigned to one government…
... an agreement made between the president and another count…
Cabinet
The secretaries or chief administrator of the major Departmen…
Commander in Chief
The role of the president as commander of the National milita…
Political science chapter 10
Mass Media
Narrowcasting
Equal time rule
Fairness Doctrine
The total array of mass communication, including television,…
Programming targeted to one small sector of the population, m…
The rule requiring that all broadcasters provide airtime equa…
The law that formerly required broadcasters to present contra…
Mass Media
The total array of mass communication, including television,…
Narrowcasting
Programming targeted to one small sector of the population, m…
20 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
Attitude
Cognitive Shortcut
Conservative
Values
A specific preference on a specific issue
A mental device allowing citizens to make complex decisions b…
In the United States, a proponent of ideology that favors sma…
Basic principles that shape a person's opinions about politic…
Attitude
A specific preference on a specific issue
Cognitive Shortcut
A mental device allowing citizens to make complex decisions b…
Political Science Chapter 10
public opinion
Public Opinion Polls
Straw Poll
Sample
what the public thinks about a particular issue or set of iss…
Interviews or surveys with samples of citizens that are used…
Unscientific Survey used to gauge public opinion on a variety…
A subset of the whole population selected to be questioned fo…
public opinion
what the public thinks about a particular issue or set of iss…
Public Opinion Polls
Interviews or surveys with samples of citizens that are used…
20 terms
Chapter 10 Political Science
The social institutions, including fam…
Citizens' attitudes about political is…
A distinctive pattern of voting behavi…
A process of preparing the public to t…
agents of socialization
Public Opinion
gender gap
priming
The social institutions, including fam…
agents of socialization
Citizens' attitudes about political is…
Public Opinion
47 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
Private Ownership of the Media
The Rest of the World
The Journalistic Ethic
The Media's WatchDog Role
United States. An overwhelming majority of our media is priva…
The government controls 30-40% of the viewing audience - they…
Supposed to be the standard that the journalism industry is f…
Going back to the 1960s; We can blame Richard Nixon.... Media ha…
Private Ownership of the Media
United States. An overwhelming majority of our media is priva…
The Rest of the World
The government controls 30-40% of the viewing audience - they…
32 terms
Chapter 10 Political Science
National party conventions
2016 conventions
Presidential nominations
National Convention
Delegates from all states nominate presidential and VP candid…
Republican—July 18-21, Cleveland... Democratic—July 25-28, Phil…
Candidates compete in states for delegates to national party…
Since the 1950s the nominee is known before the convention.…
National party conventions
Delegates from all states nominate presidential and VP candid…
2016 conventions
Republican—July 18-21, Cleveland... Democratic—July 25-28, Phil…
17 terms
Chapter 10 Political Science
Interest group
Pluralism
Elitism
Hyperpluralism
An organization of people with shared policy goals entering t…
A theory of government and politics emphasizing that many gro…
A theory of government and politics contending that an upper-…
A theory of government and politics contending that groups ar…
Interest group
An organization of people with shared policy goals entering t…
Pluralism
A theory of government and politics emphasizing that many gro…
24 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
Direct popular election
Republican
expressed powers
Congress
What would create a more powerful presidency
Framers hoped to achieve a ________ solution: a strong presid…
specifically defined powers granted to the president by the C…
_______ is to delegate to the president the power to implemen…
Direct popular election
What would create a more powerful presidency
Republican
Framers hoped to achieve a ________ solution: a strong presid…
47 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
Private Ownership of the Media
The Rest of the World
The Journalistic Ethic
The Media's WatchDog Role
United States. An overwhelming majority of our media is priva…
The government controls 30-40% of the viewing audience - they…
Supposed to be the standard that the journalism industry is f…
Going back to the 1960s; We can blame Richard Nixon.... Media ha…
Private Ownership of the Media
United States. An overwhelming majority of our media is priva…
The Rest of the World
The government controls 30-40% of the viewing audience - they…
17 terms
Political science chapter 10
Public opinion
public opinion polls
Political Socialization
Partisan Sorting
the collective attitudes and beliefs of individuals on one or…
scientific efforts to estimate what an entire group thinks ab…
the process by which we learn our political orientations and…
the process through which citizens align themselves ideologic…
Public opinion
the collective attitudes and beliefs of individuals on one or…
public opinion polls
scientific efforts to estimate what an entire group thinks ab…
26 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
Bicameralism
Lawmaking
Logrolling
Earmarks(or pork)
The division of a legislature into two separate assemblies.
The process of establishing the legal rules that govern socie…
An arrangement in which two or more members of congress agree…
notations in a piece of legislation indicating that a certain…
Bicameralism
The division of a legislature into two separate assemblies.
Lawmaking
The process of establishing the legal rules that govern socie…
30 terms
Political Science Chapter 10
Public opinion
Public opinion polls
Straw poll
Sample
What the public thinks about a specific issue or set of issue…
Interviews or surveys with samples of citizens that are used…
An unscientific survey used to gauge public opinion on a vari…
A subset of the whole population selected to be questioned fo…
Public opinion
What the public thinks about a specific issue or set of issue…
Public opinion polls
Interviews or surveys with samples of citizens that are used…
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