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Study sets matching "politics ap"

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Study sets matching "politics ap"

1,321 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
45 terms
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
Government (chapter 1)
Public Goods (chapter 1)
Democracy (chapter 1)
Political Culture (chapter 1)
The institutions throughout which public policies are made fo…
Goods such as clean, air, clean water; that everyone must share
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing governme…
An overall set of values widely shared within a society
Government (chapter 1)
The institutions throughout which public policies are made fo…
Public Goods (chapter 1)
Goods such as clean, air, clean water; that everyone must share
130 terms
AP Government and Politics
AP US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GLOSSARY
Term
•affirmative action.
•amendment (constitutional).
...
Definition
Policy or program designed to redress historic injustices com…
Changes in, or additions to, a constitution. Proposed by a tw…
AP US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GLOSSARY
...
Term
Definition
68 terms
AP Comparative Politics Review
Authoritarian
Bicameral
Causation (Causality)
Charismatic Legitimacy
a government favoring or enforcing strict obedience to author…
a legislative body having two chambers or houses
a connection between two entities that occurs because one pro…
authority given when followers respect a ruler's right to lea…
Authoritarian
a government favoring or enforcing strict obedience to author…
Bicameral
a legislative body having two chambers or houses
226 terms
AP government and politics Presidency and Bureaucracy
independent Regulatory Agencies
Federal Communications Commissions
Central Intelligence Agency
thickening
agencies that are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in nat…
1. Regulates airways.... 2. Regulates interstate and internation…
an independent agency of the United States government respons…
becoming more intricate or complex
independent Regulatory Agencies
agencies that are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in nat…
Federal Communications Commissions
1. Regulates airways.... 2. Regulates interstate and internation…
1,321 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
67 terms
AP Politics
Article 1
Article 2
Article 3
Article 4
- Congress made of House of Reps. and Senate... - House of Reps…
- Executive branch held by President... - Commander in chief of…
- Judiciary branch held by Supreme Court... - Upholds the Consti…
- Full faith and credit
Article 1
- Congress made of House of Reps. and Senate... - House of Reps…
Article 2
- Executive branch held by President... - Commander in chief of…
217 terms
AP Comparative Politics terms
Initiative
Inputs
Institution
Institutional Legitimacy
Legislation introduced and approved directly by the electorate
demands and supports by individuals or groups on the policy m…
A political entity that serves as a concrete and long-standin…
The legitimacy granted to an entity because of its concrete p…
Initiative
Legislation introduced and approved directly by the electorate
Inputs
demands and supports by individuals or groups on the policy m…
396 terms
AP US Government and Politics
activation
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
activation
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
31 terms
AP Government and Politics - S
symbolic speech
supply-side theory
superdelegates
straight ticket
An act that conveys a political message
The belief that lower taxes and fewer regulations will stimul…
Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to t…
Voting for candidates of the same party.
symbolic speech
An act that conveys a political message
supply-side theory
The belief that lower taxes and fewer regulations will stimul…
194 terms
AP Comparative Government and Politics: Political Theory
Autonomy
Authoritarianism
Bicameral System
Bourgeoisie
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
A political system in which the legislature comprises two hou…
The property-owning class
Autonomy
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
Authoritarianism
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
37 terms
THE POLITICAL PLAYBOOK - AP Government and Politics
Speaker of the House
House Majority Leader
House Majority Whip
House Minority Leader
Rep. John Boehner (R-OH)
Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA)
Rep. Steve Scalise (R-LA)
Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA)
Speaker of the House
Rep. John Boehner (R-OH)
House Majority Leader
Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA)
76 terms
AP Politics Unit 1
5 Principles of Politics
Government
Autocracy
Oligarchy
1. All political behavior has a purpose... 2. institutions struc…
The government is complex. There are state and local independ…
Government with a single ruler
Government with a small group of elite rulers (generally educ…
5 Principles of Politics
1. All political behavior has a purpose... 2. institutions struc…
Government
The government is complex. There are state and local independ…
147 terms
AP Comparative Government and Politics: Political Theory
Autonomy
Authoritarianism
Agents of political socialization
Bureaucratic Authoritariansim
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
Individuals, institutions or organizations that influence pol…
A system in which the state bureaucracy and the military shar…
Autonomy
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
Authoritarianism
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
39 terms
AP Government and Politics - C
critical elections
courts of appeals
cost overruns
cost
A period when a major lasting shift occurs in the popular coa…
Federal courts that listen to cases brought to them from dist…
When the money actually paid to military suppliers exceeds th…
A burden that people believe they must bear if a policy is en…
critical elections
A period when a major lasting shift occurs in the popular coa…
courts of appeals
Federal courts that listen to cases brought to them from dist…
16 terms
AP Politics
Policy agenda
Horse race journalism
Political party
Interest group
set of issues, problems, or subjects. • that gets the attenti…
resembles coverage of horse races because of the focus on pol…
organized group of people with at least roughly similar polit…
organized group that tries to influence the government to ado…
Policy agenda
set of issues, problems, or subjects. • that gets the attenti…
Horse race journalism
resembles coverage of horse races because of the focus on pol…
257 terms
AP Government and Politics Congress Special Edition
House of Representatives
Senate
Incumbants
Casework
Part of bicameral legislature, representatives from each stat…
Part of bicameral legislature, 2 representatives from each st…
Those already holding office, in congressional elections they…
What congressional might do to help an individual constituent…
House of Representatives
Part of bicameral legislature, representatives from each stat…
Senate
Part of bicameral legislature, 2 representatives from each st…
26 terms
AP Government & Political Science
Theories of government (Political Theo…
Initiative and referendum (Constitutio…
Declaration of Independence (1776)
Articles of Confederation (1781-1789)
Elitist theory-a small segment of the society dominated by th…
Initiatives and referendums are key components of direct demo…
Ideas taken from Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu... Locke's pri…
State governments stronger than central government... No chief…
Theories of government (Political Theo…
Elitist theory-a small segment of the society dominated by th…
Initiative and referendum (Constitutio…
Initiatives and referendums are key components of direct demo…
25 terms
AP Politics
Socialism
Republic
Representative democracy
Referendum
A political ideology based on strong support for economic and…
A form of government in which sovereignty rests with people a…
A form of government in which representatives elected by the…
an electoral device whereby legislative or constitutional mea…
Socialism
A political ideology based on strong support for economic and…
Republic
A form of government in which sovereignty rests with people a…
26 terms
AP Politics
Articles of confederation
Northwest oridinance
Federalism
Shay's Rebellion
the predecessor to the Constitution; originally written to es…
created methods by which new states would enter the Union
system of government in which the states and central governme…
a six-month rebellion in which more than 1,000 armed farmers…
Articles of confederation
the predecessor to the Constitution; originally written to es…
Northwest oridinance
created methods by which new states would enter the Union
45 terms
AP Politics
Stamp Act of Congress
Mercantilism
Committees of Correspondence
First Continental Congress
Meeting of representatives of nine of the thirteen colonies h…
An economic theory designed to increase a nation's wealth thr…
Organizations in each of the American colonies created to kee…
Meeting in Philadelphia from September 5 to October 27,1774 i…
Stamp Act of Congress
Meeting of representatives of nine of the thirteen colonies h…
Mercantilism
An economic theory designed to increase a nation's wealth thr…
11 terms
AP politics
Factions
Separation of power
Checks and balances
Federalism
Group of like minded people
Division of government power across the three branches
A system in which each branch of government has some power ov…
Division of power across local, state, and national levels of…
Factions
Group of like minded people
Separation of power
Division of government power across the three branches
13 terms
AP Politics
Informal Politics
Societal Corporatism (neocorporatism)
Fragmentation
Separation of Powers
involves each individual in the social and personal interacti…
a form of corporatism in which interest groups take the lead…
-forces that tear people of the world apart ... -loyalties based…
the system of government in which government power is divided…
Informal Politics
involves each individual in the social and personal interacti…
Societal Corporatism (neocorporatism)
a form of corporatism in which interest groups take the lead…
20 terms
AP Government and Politics Exam
Standing Committee
Judicial Restraint
Judicial Activism
Plurality Elections
the permanent congressional committees that handle legislation
philosophy that courts should defer to elected lawmakers in s…
philosophy that courts should have an active role in solving…
like congress elections are won by the person with the most v…
Standing Committee
the permanent congressional committees that handle legislation
Judicial Restraint
philosophy that courts should defer to elected lawmakers in s…
48 terms
AP US Gov/Politics
Devolution
Judicial Activism
Horse race journalism
Casewalk
To devolve power from the central government to govern at a l…
Judges use the power to make changes to existing laws.
Election coverage try the mass media that focuses on which ca…
Congressional staff helping constituens (voters) with issues.
Devolution
To devolve power from the central government to govern at a l…
Judicial Activism
Judges use the power to make changes to existing laws.
266 terms
AP Government and Politics
Second Continental Congress (May 1775)
natural rights
social contract
Pennsylvania Plan
• created a postal system... • established a Continental Army... •…
life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
people create governments to protect their rights; when gov't…
• unicameral legislature whose members served limited terms... •…
Second Continental Congress (May 1775)
• created a postal system... • established a Continental Army... •…
natural rights
life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
79 terms
AP Comparative Politics
Civil Society
Pluralism
Political Culture
Common Law
Refers to the space occupied by voluntary associations outsid…
Basic principle in a domacracy in which power is split among…
Refers to the collection of values, beliefs, practices, adn i…
Based on traditon, past practices, adn legal precedents set b…
Civil Society
Refers to the space occupied by voluntary associations outsid…
Pluralism
Basic principle in a domacracy in which power is split among…
132 terms
AP Government & Politics-Congress
How did the Framers view Congress?
What was the Framer's intent?
From 1789-1900, who dominated- Congres…
What was the first major piece of legi…
being the most powerful branch, legislative branch- link to t…
having two houses, prevent concentration of power into a sing…
Congress, such as the issue of slavery
Missouri Compromise
How did the Framers view Congress?
being the most powerful branch, legislative branch- link to t…
What was the Framer's intent?
having two houses, prevent concentration of power into a sing…
24 terms
Media and Politics: AP Government and Politics
echo chamber
"shout show" television
agenda setting
bully pulpit
we stick to what we know and what we like
bringing in someone from the other political side on a talk s…
determining which public-policy questions will be debated or…
the president's use of his prestige and visibility to guide o…
echo chamber
we stick to what we know and what we like
"shout show" television
bringing in someone from the other political side on a talk s…
29 terms
AP Government & Politics: The Judiciary
article III of the constitution
appointment of SCOTUS judges
appointments require
characteristics of SCOTUS judges
-shortest article... -because the judiciary is a relatively new…
-appointed by the president, confirmed by the senate... -judicia…
simple majority in senate
-old... -experience in law... -not politically affiliated... -no scand…
article III of the constitution
-shortest article... -because the judiciary is a relatively new…
appointment of SCOTUS judges
-appointed by the president, confirmed by the senate... -judicia…
402 terms
AP US Government and Politics Vocabulary
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
Gross domestic product
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
the total value of all goods and services produced annually b…
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
Elite and class theory
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
596 terms
AP Government & Politics Final
Engel v. Vitale
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Stone v. Graham
Abington Township Sch. District v. Sch…
ruled prayer unconstitutional in public schools
Lemon test- cannot use any tax money to advance religion (spe…
10 commandments could no longer hang on the walls in public s…
School sponsored bible reading is not allowed.
Engel v. Vitale
ruled prayer unconstitutional in public schools
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Lemon test- cannot use any tax money to advance religion (spe…
53 terms
AP Politics Unit One Vocabulary
democracy
direct democracy
constitutional democracy
statism
government by the people, both directly and indirectly, with…
government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
government that enforces recognized limits on those who gover…
the idea that the rights of the nation are supreme over the r…
democracy
government by the people, both directly and indirectly, with…
direct democracy
government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
66 terms
AP Human Geo More Politics & Government
Political Unit
State
Sovereignty
Legitimacy
Organizational entities at several different spatial scales t…
A country; the most important spatial scale unit in political…
An indicator that a particular government has complete contro…
The standing or right of the government of a unit to rule a s…
Political Unit
Organizational entities at several different spatial scales t…
State
A country; the most important spatial scale unit in political…
51 terms
AP US Government and Politics
In what way does the supreme court che…
Under the articles of confederation, s…
the constitution as ratified in 1788 m…
the connecticut compromise addressed w…
the court can declate legislation passed by congress unconsti…
states
the principle of limited government
representation of the states in a bicameral legislature
In what way does the supreme court che…
the court can declate legislation passed by congress unconsti…
Under the articles of confederation, s…
states
52 terms
AP Government and Politics: The Constitution
Congress
The Executive Branch
The Judiciary
25
Article I addresses ________.
Article II addresses ____________________.
Article III addresses _____________.
Members in the House of Representatives must be at least __ y…
Congress
Article I addresses ________.
The Executive Branch
Article II addresses ____________________.
39 terms
AP Government and Politics
Franking
Rules to be a House member
Rules to be a Senate member
How many members are in congress; the…
A policy that enables members of Congress to send material th…
1. At least 25 years old... 2. American citizen for 7 years... 3. M…
1. At least 30 years old... 2. American citizen for 9 years... 3. M…
535 members of congress... 100 members in senate (2 members from…
Franking
A policy that enables members of Congress to send material th…
Rules to be a House member
1. At least 25 years old... 2. American citizen for 7 years... 3. M…
AP Government and Politics Unit 2
Federal System
Confederation
Unitary System
10th Amendment
system of national government in which the national governmen…
type of government in which the national government derives i…
system of government in which the local and regional governme…
Final part of the Bill of Rights that defines the basic princ…
Federal System
system of national government in which the national governmen…
Confederation
type of government in which the national government derives i…
147 terms
AP Comparative Government and Politics: Political Theory
Autonomy
Authoritarianism
Agents of political socialization
Bureaucratic Authoritariansim
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
Individuals, institutions or organizations that influence pol…
A system in which the state bureaucracy and the military shar…
Autonomy
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
Authoritarianism
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
12 terms
Ap Euro Revolution in Politics
The 3 Estates
Abbe Sieyes
Estates-General Meeting in 1789
Cahiers
1st: Clergy... 2nd: Nobility... 3rd: Everyone else
-Part of the 1st estate... -Encouraged 3rd estate to rise up ... -W…
-General assembly of the three estates brought to propose sol…
-Petitions for reforms submitted to the French crown when the…
The 3 Estates
1st: Clergy... 2nd: Nobility... 3rd: Everyone else
Abbe Sieyes
-Part of the 1st estate... -Encouraged 3rd estate to rise up ... -W…
61 terms
AP Government & Politics - Political Jargon
inside the beltway
policy wonk
flip-flop
John Q. Public
a phrase used to describe matters that are important to U.S.…
a person who is an expert in politics, overly concerned with…
a sudden, unexpected change in a policy, value, or belief
a common name used by the U.S. to describe a hypothetical mem…
inside the beltway
a phrase used to describe matters that are important to U.S.…
policy wonk
a person who is an expert in politics, overly concerned with…
31 terms
AP Comparative Politics Mexico
Camarilla
Corporatism
Debt crisis
Electoral alchemy
In Mexico and elsewhere in Latin America, a politician's pers…
In Mexico and elsewhere in the third world, another term to d…
The massive accumulation of loans taken out by third world co…
The way Mexican governments have used fraud to rig elections
Camarilla
In Mexico and elsewhere in Latin America, a politician's pers…
Corporatism
In Mexico and elsewhere in the third world, another term to d…
40 terms
Political Beliefs and Behaviors - AP Government and Politics
Attentive public
Australian ballot
Balancing the ticket
Blanket primary
those who follow politics and public affairs carefully.
secret ballot printed at the expense of the state.
occurs when a presidential nominee chooses a vice presidentia…
election to choose candidates that is open to independents, a…
Attentive public
those who follow politics and public affairs carefully.
Australian ballot
secret ballot printed at the expense of the state.
61 terms
Unit 3 AP Politics
faction
pluralism
interest group
movement
a term the founders used to refer to political parties and sp…
theory of government that holds open, multiple and competing…
collection of people who share a common interest or attitude…
large body of people interested in a common issue, idea, or c…
faction
a term the founders used to refer to political parties and sp…
pluralism
theory of government that holds open, multiple and competing…
16 terms
ap comparative politics
theoracy
democratization
political ideology
unitary system
a system of government in which priests rule in the name of G…
is the transition to a more democratic political regime
is a certain ethical set of ideals, principles, doctrines, my…
is a sovereign state governed as a single entity. The central…
theoracy
a system of government in which priests rule in the name of G…
democratization
is the transition to a more democratic political regime
51 terms
AP Government- Political Parties
Define Political Party
What are common usages of the term "Po…
Define Party Organization
Define One-Party System
-Voluntary association of people who seek to elect officials…
-To refer to voters who identify with the party... -To refer to…
-People who work to strengthen the party by raising money, re…
-Only one party is allowed or one party dominates the system…
Define Political Party
-Voluntary association of people who seek to elect officials…
What are common usages of the term "Po…
-To refer to voters who identify with the party... -To refer to…
363 terms
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
"Necessary and Proper" Clause (Elastic…
"Our Federalism"
527 Organization
Administrative Discretion
Clause in the Constitution that states that "Congress should…
Championed by Ronald Reagan, presumes the power of the federa…
A political group organized under section 527 of the IRS code…
Authority given by Congress to the Federal bureaucracy to use…
"Necessary and Proper" Clause (Elastic…
Clause in the Constitution that states that "Congress should…
"Our Federalism"
Championed by Ronald Reagan, presumes the power of the federa…
15 terms
AP Gov. & Politics Ch. 16 Social Policy
Social Policy
Welfare
New Deal
Great Society
An area of public policy related to maintaining or enhancing…
Financial or other assistance provided to individuals by the…
FDR's policies enacted by Congress between 1933 and 1935 to p…
The wide-ranging social agenda promoted by President Lyndon J…
Social Policy
An area of public policy related to maintaining or enhancing…
Welfare
Financial or other assistance provided to individuals by the…
39 terms
ap politics unit four
incumbents
apportionment
redistricting
gerrymandering
those already holding office. In congressional elections, inc…
Distribution of representatives among the states based on the…
The redrawing of congressional and other legislative district…
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose o…
incumbents
those already holding office. In congressional elections, inc…
apportionment
Distribution of representatives among the states based on the…
48 terms
AP US Govt & Politics - Unit 1
American Revolution
Continental Congress
Delegates
Declaration of Independence
the revolution of the 13 American colonies to gain independen…
the legislative assembly composed of delegates from the 13 Am…
a person appointed or elected to represent others
the document approved by representatives of the American colo…
American Revolution
the revolution of the 13 American colonies to gain independen…
Continental Congress
the legislative assembly composed of delegates from the 13 Am…
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