Study sets matching "politics ap"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "politics ap"

1,321 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
AP Comparative Politics Review
Authoritarian
Bicameral
Causation (Causality)
Charismatic Legitimacy
a government favoring or enforcing strict obedience to author…
a legislative body having two chambers or houses
a connection between two entities that occurs because one pro…
authority given when followers respect a ruler's right to lea…
Authoritarian
a government favoring or enforcing strict obedience to author…
Bicameral
a legislative body having two chambers or houses
45 terms
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
Government (chapter 1)
Public Goods (chapter 1)
Democracy (chapter 1)
Political Culture (chapter 1)
The institutions throughout which public policies are made fo…
Goods such as clean, air, clean water; that everyone must share
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing governme…
An overall set of values widely shared within a society
Government (chapter 1)
The institutions throughout which public policies are made fo…
Public Goods (chapter 1)
Goods such as clean, air, clean water; that everyone must share
1,321 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
130 terms
AP Government and Politics
AP US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GLOSSARY
Term
•affirmative action.
•amendment (constitutional).
...
Definition
Policy or program designed to redress historic injustices com…
Changes in, or additions to, a constitution. Proposed by a tw…
AP US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GLOSSARY
...
Term
Definition
67 terms
AP Politics
Article 1
Article 2
Article 3
Article 4
- Congress made of House of Reps. and Senate... - House of Reps…
- Executive branch held by President... - Commander in chief of…
- Judiciary branch held by Supreme Court... - Upholds the Consti…
- Full faith and credit
Article 1
- Congress made of House of Reps. and Senate... - House of Reps…
Article 2
- Executive branch held by President... - Commander in chief of…
217 terms
AP Comparative Politics terms
Initiative
Inputs
Institution
Institutional Legitimacy
Legislation introduced and approved directly by the electorate
demands and supports by individuals or groups on the policy m…
A political entity that serves as a concrete and long-standin…
The legitimacy granted to an entity because of its concrete p…
Initiative
Legislation introduced and approved directly by the electorate
Inputs
demands and supports by individuals or groups on the policy m…
76 terms
AP Politics Unit 1
5 Principles of Politics
Government
Autocracy
Oligarchy
1. All political behavior has a purpose... 2. institutions struc…
The government is complex. There are state and local independ…
Government with a single ruler
Government with a small group of elite rulers (generally educ…
5 Principles of Politics
1. All political behavior has a purpose... 2. institutions struc…
Government
The government is complex. There are state and local independ…
396 terms
AP US Government and Politics
activation
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
activation
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
226 terms
AP government and politics Presidency and Bureaucracy
independent Regulatory Agencies
Federal Communications Commissions
Central Intelligence Agency
thickening
agencies that are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in nat…
1. Regulates airways.... 2. Regulates interstate and internation…
an independent agency of the United States government respons…
becoming more intricate or complex
independent Regulatory Agencies
agencies that are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in nat…
Federal Communications Commissions
1. Regulates airways.... 2. Regulates interstate and internation…
132 terms
AP Government & Politics-Congress
How did the Framers view Congress?
What was the Framer's intent?
From 1789-1900, who dominated- Congres…
What was the first major piece of legi…
being the most powerful branch, legislative branch- link to t…
having two houses, prevent concentration of power into a sing…
Congress, such as the issue of slavery
Missouri Compromise
How did the Framers view Congress?
being the most powerful branch, legislative branch- link to t…
What was the Framer's intent?
having two houses, prevent concentration of power into a sing…
51 terms
AP US Government and Politics
In what way does the supreme court che…
Under the articles of confederation, s…
the constitution as ratified in 1788 m…
the connecticut compromise addressed w…
the court can declate legislation passed by congress unconsti…
states
the principle of limited government
representation of the states in a bicameral legislature
In what way does the supreme court che…
the court can declate legislation passed by congress unconsti…
Under the articles of confederation, s…
states
194 terms
AP Comparative Government and Politics: Political Theory
Autonomy
Authoritarianism
Bicameral System
Bourgeoisie
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
A political system in which the legislature comprises two hou…
The property-owning class
Autonomy
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
Authoritarianism
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
31 terms
AP Government and Politics - S
symbolic speech
supply-side theory
superdelegates
straight ticket
An act that conveys a political message
The belief that lower taxes and fewer regulations will stimul…
Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to t…
Voting for candidates of the same party.
symbolic speech
An act that conveys a political message
supply-side theory
The belief that lower taxes and fewer regulations will stimul…
37 terms
THE POLITICAL PLAYBOOK - AP Government and Politics
Speaker of the House
House Majority Leader
House Majority Whip
House Minority Leader
Rep. John Boehner (R-OH)
Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA)
Rep. Steve Scalise (R-LA)
Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA)
Speaker of the House
Rep. John Boehner (R-OH)
House Majority Leader
Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA)
AP POLITICS
Internal Efficacy
External Efficacy
Political Ideology
Motor Vehicle Law
the belief that one can understand politics and therefore par…
that the government will respond to one's demands
...
...
Internal Efficacy
the belief that one can understand politics and therefore par…
External Efficacy
that the government will respond to one's demands
16 terms
AP Politics
Policy agenda
Horse race journalism
Political party
Interest group
set of issues, problems, or subjects. • that gets the attenti…
resembles coverage of horse races because of the focus on pol…
organized group of people with at least roughly similar polit…
organized group that tries to influence the government to ado…
Policy agenda
set of issues, problems, or subjects. • that gets the attenti…
Horse race journalism
resembles coverage of horse races because of the focus on pol…
85 terms
China: AP comparative politics
Ethnocentric
opium war
treaty of Nanking
Sino-Japanese war
above other civilizations
UK trade with china with opium, china loved it so much, becam…
forced to give up Hong Kong to the British after the Opium Wars
forced to give up holdings on Korean peninsula and Taiwan
Ethnocentric
above other civilizations
opium war
UK trade with china with opium, china loved it so much, becam…
11 terms
AP politics
Factions
Separation of power
Checks and balances
Federalism
Group of like minded people
Division of government power across the three branches
A system in which each branch of government has some power ov…
Division of power across local, state, and national levels of…
Factions
Group of like minded people
Separation of power
Division of government power across the three branches
25 terms
AP Politics
Socialism
Republic
Representative democracy
Referendum
A political ideology based on strong support for economic and…
A form of government in which sovereignty rests with people a…
A form of government in which representatives elected by the…
an electoral device whereby legislative or constitutional mea…
Socialism
A political ideology based on strong support for economic and…
Republic
A form of government in which sovereignty rests with people a…
AP Politics
Articles of confederation
Northwest oridinance
Federalism
Shay's Rebellion
the predecessor to the Constitution; originally written to es…
created methods by which new states would enter the Union
system of government in which the states and central governme…
a six-month rebellion in which more than 1,000 armed farmers…
Articles of confederation
the predecessor to the Constitution; originally written to es…
Northwest oridinance
created methods by which new states would enter the Union
13 terms
AP Politics
Informal Politics
Societal Corporatism (neocorporatism)
Fragmentation
Separation of Powers
involves each individual in the social and personal interacti…
a form of corporatism in which interest groups take the lead…
-forces that tear people of the world apart ... -loyalties based…
the system of government in which government power is divided…
Informal Politics
involves each individual in the social and personal interacti…
Societal Corporatism (neocorporatism)
a form of corporatism in which interest groups take the lead…
39 terms
AP Government and Politics - C
critical elections
courts of appeals
cost overruns
cost
A period when a major lasting shift occurs in the popular coa…
Federal courts that listen to cases brought to them from dist…
When the money actually paid to military suppliers exceeds th…
A burden that people believe they must bear if a policy is en…
critical elections
A period when a major lasting shift occurs in the popular coa…
courts of appeals
Federal courts that listen to cases brought to them from dist…
AP Government & Politics: The Judiciary
article III of the constitution
appointment of SCOTUS judges
appointments require
characteristics of SCOTUS judges
-shortest article... -because the judiciary is a relatively new…
-appointed by the president, confirmed by the senate... -judicia…
simple majority in senate
-old... -experience in law... -not politically affiliated... -no scand…
article III of the constitution
-shortest article... -because the judiciary is a relatively new…
appointment of SCOTUS judges
-appointed by the president, confirmed by the senate... -judicia…
20 terms
AP Government and Politics Exam
Standing Committee
Judicial Restraint
Judicial Activism
Plurality Elections
the permanent congressional committees that handle legislation
philosophy that courts should defer to elected lawmakers in s…
philosophy that courts should have an active role in solving…
like congress elections are won by the person with the most v…
Standing Committee
the permanent congressional committees that handle legislation
Judicial Restraint
philosophy that courts should defer to elected lawmakers in s…
1,321 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
52 terms
AP Government and Politics: The Constitution
Congress
The Executive Branch
The Judiciary
25
Article I addresses ________.
Article II addresses ____________________.
Article III addresses _____________.
Members in the House of Representatives must be at least __ y…
Congress
Article I addresses ________.
The Executive Branch
Article II addresses ____________________.
39 terms
AP Government and Politics
Franking
Rules to be a House member
Rules to be a Senate member
How many members are in congress; the…
A policy that enables members of Congress to send material th…
1. At least 25 years old... 2. American citizen for 7 years... 3. M…
1. At least 30 years old... 2. American citizen for 9 years... 3. M…
535 members of congress... 100 members in senate (2 members from…
Franking
A policy that enables members of Congress to send material th…
Rules to be a House member
1. At least 25 years old... 2. American citizen for 7 years... 3. M…
31 terms
AP Comparative Politics Mexico
Camarilla
Corporatism
Debt crisis
Electoral alchemy
In Mexico and elsewhere in Latin America, a politician's pers…
In Mexico and elsewhere in the third world, another term to d…
The massive accumulation of loans taken out by third world co…
The way Mexican governments have used fraud to rig elections
Camarilla
In Mexico and elsewhere in Latin America, a politician's pers…
Corporatism
In Mexico and elsewhere in the third world, another term to d…
266 terms
AP Government and Politics
Second Continental Congress (May 1775)
natural rights
social contract
Pennsylvania Plan
• created a postal system... • established a Continental Army... •…
life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
people create governments to protect their rights; when gov't…
• unicameral legislature whose members served limited terms... •…
Second Continental Congress (May 1775)
• created a postal system... • established a Continental Army... •…
natural rights
life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
24 terms
Media and Politics: AP Government and Politics
echo chamber
"shout show" television
agenda setting
bully pulpit
we stick to what we know and what we like
bringing in someone from the other political side on a talk s…
determining which public-policy questions will be debated or…
the president's use of his prestige and visibility to guide o…
echo chamber
we stick to what we know and what we like
"shout show" television
bringing in someone from the other political side on a talk s…
AP Government & Political Science
Theories of government (Political Theo…
Initiative and referendum (Constitutio…
Declaration of Independence (1776)
Articles of Confederation (1781-1789)
Elitist theory-a small segment of the society dominated by th…
Initiatives and referendums are key components of direct demo…
Ideas taken from Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu... Locke's pri…
State governments stronger than central government... No chief…
Theories of government (Political Theo…
Elitist theory-a small segment of the society dominated by th…
Initiative and referendum (Constitutio…
Initiatives and referendums are key components of direct demo…
AP US Gov/Politics
Devolution
Judicial Activism
Horse race journalism
Casewalk
To devolve power from the central government to govern at a l…
Judges use the power to make changes to existing laws.
Election coverage try the mass media that focuses on which ca…
Congressional staff helping constituens (voters) with issues.
Devolution
To devolve power from the central government to govern at a l…
Judicial Activism
Judges use the power to make changes to existing laws.
596 terms
AP Government & Politics Final
Engel v. Vitale
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Stone v. Graham
Abington Township Sch. District v. Sch…
ruled prayer unconstitutional in public schools
Lemon test- cannot use any tax money to advance religion (spe…
10 commandments could no longer hang on the walls in public s…
School sponsored bible reading is not allowed.
Engel v. Vitale
ruled prayer unconstitutional in public schools
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Lemon test- cannot use any tax money to advance religion (spe…
AP Comparative Politics
Civil Society
Pluralism
Political Culture
Common Law
Refers to the space occupied by voluntary associations outsid…
Basic principle in a domacracy in which power is split among…
Refers to the collection of values, beliefs, practices, adn i…
Based on traditon, past practices, adn legal precedents set b…
Civil Society
Refers to the space occupied by voluntary associations outsid…
Pluralism
Basic principle in a domacracy in which power is split among…
45 terms
AP Politics
Stamp Act of Congress
Mercantilism
Committees of Correspondence
First Continental Congress
Meeting of representatives of nine of the thirteen colonies h…
An economic theory designed to increase a nation's wealth thr…
Organizations in each of the American colonies created to kee…
Meeting in Philadelphia from September 5 to October 27,1774 i…
Stamp Act of Congress
Meeting of representatives of nine of the thirteen colonies h…
Mercantilism
An economic theory designed to increase a nation's wealth thr…
61 terms
Russia AP Comparative Politics
Asymmetric Federalism
Bolsheviks
Boyars
Central Committee
Some regions are much stronger than others, so power is devol…
Lenin's followers. Took control of government in late 1917. P…
One of the aristocratic classes in early Russia, had consider…
Most top government officials belonged to this during Stalin…
Asymmetric Federalism
Some regions are much stronger than others, so power is devol…
Bolsheviks
Lenin's followers. Took control of government in late 1917. P…
AP Politics: Chapter 7
Goals of the Preamble
Monetary Control Act
Source of party identification
Trend in Party Identification
To form a more perfect union, establish justice, ensure democ…
It required all financial institutions to abide by the Fed's…
One source of party identification come from one's family. An…
Characteristics shared across the board of voters of the same…
Goals of the Preamble
To form a more perfect union, establish justice, ensure democ…
Monetary Control Act
It required all financial institutions to abide by the Fed's…
23 terms
AP Politics Chapter 10
Positive Campaign
Negative
Midterm Elections
Gerrymandered
Positive ads about candidate to build them up to citizens.
Ads that attack the opponent.
The election where we elect our congress of the states of Rep…
Drawing a district boundary in some bizarre or unusual shape…
Positive Campaign
Positive ads about candidate to build them up to citizens.
Negative
Ads that attack the opponent.
16 terms
AP Politics: Chapter 8
VEP
VAP
Voter Registration Issues
Motor Vehicle Laws
Voting-Eligible population measures voter turn out that exclu…
Voting-Age Population measures voter turn out for all U.S. ci…
The Three most common reasons why citizens didn't vote are th…
A law that allowed all people in all 50 states to register to…
VEP
Voting-Eligible population measures voter turn out that exclu…
VAP
Voting-Age Population measures voter turn out for all U.S. ci…
30 terms
AP Politics: Chapter 9
Jeffersonian Republicans
Federalists
Anti-Federalists
Jacksonian Democrats
The first organized party in American history, made up of the…
Followers of Hamilton who were for the new constitution.
Federalists' opponents, known to be against the constitution.
Those who supported Jackson
Jeffersonian Republicans
The first organized party in American history, made up of the…
Federalists
Followers of Hamilton who were for the new constitution.
104 terms
AP Politics final study guide
delegated powers
inherent powers
concurrent powers
reserved powers
Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US…
powers that exist for the national government because the gov…
Powers held jointly by the national and state governments.
Powers given to the state government alone
delegated powers
Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US…
inherent powers
powers that exist for the national government because the gov…
37 terms
AP Govern. & Politics Unit 2
Public Opinion
Demography
Census
Melting Pot
The distribution of the population's beliefs about politics a…
The science of population changes
An "actual enumeration" of the population, which the Constitu…
A term often used to characterize the United States, with its…
Public Opinion
The distribution of the population's beliefs about politics a…
Demography
The science of population changes
402 terms
AP US Government and Politics Vocabulary
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
Gross domestic product
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
the total value of all goods and services produced annually b…
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
Elite and class theory
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
14 terms
AP Govern. & Politics Unit 3
Trial Balloon
Mass Media
Press Conference
Narrowcasting
Intentional news leaks for the purpose of assessing the polit…
Television, radio, newspapers, magazines, the Internet, and o…
Meetings of public officials with reporters
Media programming on cable TV (e.g. on MTV, ESPN, or C-SPAN)…
Trial Balloon
Intentional news leaks for the purpose of assessing the polit…
Mass Media
Television, radio, newspapers, magazines, the Internet, and o…
24 terms
AP Govern. & Politics Unit 1
public policy
hyperpluralism
policy impacts
pluralist theory
A choice that government makes in response to a political iss…
A theory of government and politics contending that groups ar…
The effects a policy has on people and problems. Impacts are…
emphasis that politics is mainly a competition among groups,…
public policy
A choice that government makes in response to a political iss…
hyperpluralism
A theory of government and politics contending that groups ar…
227 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
"Coattails Effect"
"Horse-Race"Journalism
"Leaking" a story
"Rank and File"
the ability of a presidential candidate to pull members of th…
Election coverage by the mass media that focuses on which can…
releasing information that is supposed to be kept confidential
These voters are registered as a party member but only partic…
"Coattails Effect"
the ability of a presidential candidate to pull members of th…
"Horse-Race"Journalism
Election coverage by the mass media that focuses on which can…
33 terms
AP GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS: CHAPTER 1
Annapolis Convention
Anti-Federalists
Authority
Articles of Confederation
A convention held in September 1786 to consider problems of t…
Opponents of the ratification of the Constitution and of a st…
The power to use power.
The first governing document of the confederated states, draf…
Annapolis Convention
A convention held in September 1786 to consider problems of t…
Anti-Federalists
Opponents of the ratification of the Constitution and of a st…
AP Government & Politics- Midterm
advanced industrial democracy
anarchy
authoritarian capitalism
authoritarian governments
a system in which a democratic government allows citizens a c…
the absence of government and laws
a system in which the state allows people economic freedom bu…
systems in which the state holds all power over the social or…
advanced industrial democracy
a system in which a democratic government allows citizens a c…
anarchy
the absence of government and laws
AP Government and Politics Chapter 4
legislature
bicameral legislature
republic
unicameral legislature
the body of government that makes laws
legislature with two chambers
a government in which decisions are made through representati…
a legislature with one chamber
legislature
the body of government that makes laws
bicameral legislature
legislature with two chambers
1 of 10