Study sets matching "politics chapter 12"

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Study sets matching "politics chapter 12"

43 terms
Chapter 12: Power and Politics
12.2
Power
Conformity
The Milgram Studies
The Basics of Power
The ability to influence the behavior of others to get what y…
Refers to people's tendencies to behave consistently with soc…
- Study conformity to authority. ... -Tested how far individual…
12.2
The Basics of Power
Power
The ability to influence the behavior of others to get what y…
16 terms
Chapter 12 Politics of the Roaring Twenties
nativism
isolationism
communism
anarchists
Suspicion of foreign-born people... the policy of protecting the…
Pulling away from world affairs... A policy of avoiding politica…
An economic system that supports government control over prop…
People who opposed any form of government
nativism
Suspicion of foreign-born people... the policy of protecting the…
isolationism
Pulling away from world affairs... A policy of avoiding politica…
18 terms
Politics Chapter 12
constitutional authority
statutory authority (presidential)
vesting clause
head of government
powers derived from the provisions of the constitution that o…
powers derived from laws enacted by congress that add to the…
part of the constitution that states "the executive power sha…
one role of the president, through which he or she has author…
constitutional authority
powers derived from the provisions of the constitution that o…
statutory authority (presidential)
powers derived from laws enacted by congress that add to the…
14 terms
US Politics Chapter 12
responsible party model
open primary
close primary
party activist
party government when four conditions are met: clear choice o…
primary election in which voters may choose in which party to…
an election in which only the declared members of a party are…
people in a party that want to make things happen
responsible party model
party government when four conditions are met: clear choice o…
open primary
primary election in which voters may choose in which party to…
47 terms
Comparative Politics Chapter 12
Legislative Responsibility
A vote of no confidence
Constructive vote of no confidence
A vote of Confidence
Refers to a situation in which a legislative majority has the…
Initiated by the legislature; if the government does not obta…
Must indicate who will replace the government if the incumben…
Initiated by the government; if the government does not obtai…
Legislative Responsibility
Refers to a situation in which a legislative majority has the…
A vote of no confidence
Initiated by the legislature; if the government does not obta…
11 terms
American Politics: Chapter 12
Pluralism
Interest group
Free riding
Informational benefits
The theory that all interests are and should be free to compe…
An organized group of individuals or organizations that make…
Enjoying the benefits of some good or action while letting ot…
Special newsletters, periodicals, training programs, conferen…
Pluralism
The theory that all interests are and should be free to compe…
Interest group
An organized group of individuals or organizations that make…
Global Politics Chapter 12
Cross-border transactions
Open-border transactions
Trans-border transactions
Supraterritoriality
Allow skeptics to view the forces of globalization with those…
Allow proponents of globalization to view it as a function of…
View human lives from the perspective that they are lived in…
Transcendence of territorial geography and is evidenced by mo…
Cross-border transactions
Allow skeptics to view the forces of globalization with those…
Open-border transactions
Allow proponents of globalization to view it as a function of…
International Politics (Chapter 12)
human rights
Universal Declaration of Human Rights…
dignity, liberty, equality, brotherhood
NOTE: 4 PILLARS
the rights possessed by all individuals by virtue of being hu…
adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948, this…
René Cassin, one of the main authors of the UDHR, described t…
NOTE: 4 PILLARS... each of the pillars represents a different h…
human rights
the rights possessed by all individuals by virtue of being hu…
Universal Declaration of Human Rights…
adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948, this…
42 terms
US Politics Chapter 12
constituency
bicameral
delegate
trustee
the residents in the area from which an official is elected
having a legislative assembly composed of two chambers or hou…
a representative who votes according to the preferences of hi…
a representative who votes based on what he or she thinks is…
constituency
the residents in the area from which an official is elected
bicameral
having a legislative assembly composed of two chambers or hou…
16 terms
Chapter 12 Politics of the Roaring Twenties
nativism
isolationism
communism
anarchists
Suspicion of foreign-born people... the policy of protecting the…
Pulling away from world affairs... A policy of avoiding politica…
An economic system that supports government control over prop…
People who opposed any form of government
nativism
Suspicion of foreign-born people... the policy of protecting the…
isolationism
Pulling away from world affairs... A policy of avoiding politica…
11 terms
American Politics Chapter 12
political party
nomination
closed primary
open primary
an organized group that attempts to influence government by e…
the process by which political parties select their candidate…
a primary election in which only those voters who registered…
a primary election in which voters can choose on the primary…
political party
an organized group that attempts to influence government by e…
nomination
the process by which political parties select their candidate…
World Politics - Chapter 12
acquired immune deficiency syndrome (A…
agenda setting
asylum
atrocities
An often fatal condition that can result from infection with…
The thesis that by their ability to identify and publicize is…
The provision of sanctuary to safeguard refugees escaping fro…
Brutal and savage acts against targeted citizen groups or pri…
acquired immune deficiency syndrome (A…
An often fatal condition that can result from infection with…
agenda setting
The thesis that by their ability to identify and publicize is…
Politics Chapter 12
Roles of the president
Chief executive-
Commander in chief-
Head of state-
- Chief executive, Commander in chief, Head of state, Chief d…
Head of the executive branch of government
The supreme commander of a nation's military force
The person who serves as the ceremonial head of a country's g…
Roles of the president
- Chief executive, Commander in chief, Head of state, Chief d…
Chief executive-
Head of the executive branch of government
Chapter 12-Politics
Politics
Power
Government
Authority
The social institution that distributes power, sets society's…
The ability to achieve desired ends despite resistance from o…
A formal organization that directs the political life of a so…
The power that people perceive as legitimate
Politics
The social institution that distributes power, sets society's…
Power
The ability to achieve desired ends despite resistance from o…
15 terms
Politics Chapter 12
22 Amendment
25 Amendment
Impeachment
Watergate
Ratified in 1951, this Amendment limits presidents to two ter…
Ratified in 1967, this amendment permits the vice president t…
The political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, pr…
The events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democrat…
22 Amendment
Ratified in 1951, this Amendment limits presidents to two ter…
25 Amendment
Ratified in 1967, this amendment permits the vice president t…
chapter 12 vocab politics
state courts
federal courts
dual court system
jurisdiction
courts of the fifty states, as opposed to the federal or nati…
the courts of the united states, as distinguished from the co…
the judicial system of the united states which comprises both…
authority of a court or other agency to act
state courts
courts of the fifty states, as opposed to the federal or nati…
federal courts
the courts of the united states, as distinguished from the co…
6 terms
Politics Chapter 12
Political Party
National Committee
National Party convention
Party professional
a group of candidates and elected officials organized under a…
officials who oversee the operation of their party nationwide
the meeting where the party formally nominates its presidenti…
a person who works directly for the party, is loyal to its go…
Political Party
a group of candidates and elected officials organized under a…
National Committee
officials who oversee the operation of their party nationwide
11 terms
Chapter 12 - Politics
Social institution
How "politics" is a social institution
4 categories of political systems
Role of globalization in politics
• Social institution - a major sphere of social life organize…
• Politics ... ○ A social institution that:... § Sets society's g…
• Different ways to set up government... ○ Monarchy - single fa…
• Role of globalization in politics... ○ Because we are more co…
Social institution
• Social institution - a major sphere of social life organize…
How "politics" is a social institution
• Politics ... ○ A social institution that:... § Sets society's g…
10 terms
chapter 12 politics
band
tribe
chiefdom
state
A small kinship-based group of foragers who hunt and gather f…
Originally viewed as a culturally distinct, multiband populat…
An autonomous political unit composed of a number of villages…
An autonomous regional structure of political, economic, and…
band
A small kinship-based group of foragers who hunt and gather f…
tribe
Originally viewed as a culturally distinct, multiband populat…
Chapter 12 Politics Terms
constituency
bicameral
delegate
trustee
residents in the area that the official was elected from
two houses in the legislative assembly
a representative that votes based on their constituency prefe…
a representative that votes based on what they think is best…
constituency
residents in the area that the official was elected from
bicameral
two houses in the legislative assembly
Chapter 12- Politics
Politics
Power
Government
Authority
The social institution that distributes power and sets societ…
The ability to achieve desired ends despite resistance from o…
A formal organization that directs the politicsl life of a so…
Power that people percieve as legitimate
Politics
The social institution that distributes power and sets societ…
Power
The ability to achieve desired ends despite resistance from o…
42 terms
Chapter 12: Congress - AP Government and Politics
Incumbents
Casework
Pork Barrel
Bicameral Legislature
Those already holding office. In congressional elections, inc…
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as i…
The mighty list of federal projects, grants, and contracts av…
A legislature divided into 2 houses. The U. S. Congress and e…
Incumbents
Those already holding office. In congressional elections, inc…
Casework
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as i…
13 terms
Politics Chapter 12 Vocab
Economic Inequality
welfare state
public sector
private sector
the extent of the wealth gap between rich and poor
the role states play in protecting the economic and social we…
the government delivery of goods and services
all economic activity undertaken outside the purview of the s…
Economic Inequality
the extent of the wealth gap between rich and poor
welfare state
the role states play in protecting the economic and social we…
17 terms
Chapter 12 Politics of the Roaring Twenties With Numbers
179. nativism
180. isolationism
181. communism
182. anarchists
179. Suspicion of foreign-born people... the policy of protectin…
180. Pulling away from world affairs... A policy of avoiding pol…
181. An economic system that supports government control over…
182. People who opposed any form of government
179. nativism
179. Suspicion of foreign-born people... the policy of protectin…
180. isolationism
180. Pulling away from world affairs... A policy of avoiding pol…
Chapter 12 Politics of the 1920s
Nativism
Immigrants
Prejudice
Isolationism
Prejudice against people who are not from the United States o…
A person who moves to a country to live
when you have a bad opinion ... or feeling about someone ... before…
believing that the United States should take care of themselv…
Nativism
Prejudice against people who are not from the United States o…
Immigrants
A person who moves to a country to live
25 terms
Chapter 12 Politics of the Roaring Twenties, 1920-1929
the League of Nations
What was the post WWI agreement at the end World War I that l…
the League of Nations
What was the post WWI agreement at the end World War I that l…
31 terms
Chapter 12 - Politics in Russia
_______ _____ was president between 20…
_____ was always superior to Medvedev…
Russia's most important problem is its…
Russia is aware of the _____ ____ that…
Vladimir Putin, castling move, Dmitrii Medvedev, fraud, Unite…
Putin, loyalty
exports, recession
resource curse, diversification, centralize, state
_______ _____ was president between 20…
Vladimir Putin, castling move, Dmitrii Medvedev, fraud, Unite…
_____ was always superior to Medvedev…
Putin, loyalty
32 terms
chapter 12 Economy and Politics 2016
economic institution
factors of production
primary sector
capitalism
the system of roles and norms every society develops to gover…
resources needed to produce goods and services including land…
deals with extracting raw materials from environment
system in which the factors of production are owned by indivi…
economic institution
the system of roles and norms every society develops to gover…
factors of production
resources needed to produce goods and services including land…
26 terms
Chapter 12 Politics of the Roaring Twenties, 1920-1929
the League of Nations
What was the post WWI agreement at the end World War I that l…
the League of Nations
What was the post WWI agreement at the end World War I that l…
Political Science- Chapter 12
Party labels
Party in government
Party organization
Party in the electorate
offer a serviceable shorthand cue that keeps voting decisions…
an alliance of current officeholders cooperating to shape pub…
dedicated to electing the party's candidates
composed of those voters who identify with the party and regu…
Party labels
offer a serviceable shorthand cue that keeps voting decisions…
Party in government
an alliance of current officeholders cooperating to shape pub…
9 terms
International Politics Chapter 12
human rights
Universal Declaration of Human Rights…
International Covenant on Civil and Po…
International Covenant on Economic, So…
the rights possessed by all individuals by virtue of being hu…
adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948, this…
the agreement completed in 1966 and in force from 1976 that d…
the agreement completed in 1966 and in force from 1976 that s…
human rights
the rights possessed by all individuals by virtue of being hu…
Universal Declaration of Human Rights…
adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948, this…
15 terms
Chapter 12: Politics of the Roaring Twenties
Communism
A. Mitchell Palmer
Anarchist
Sacco and Vanzetti
economic and political system based on one party government a…
US Attorney General. Convinced radicals were undermining Amer…
person who opposed all forms of government (extreme radicals)
Italian immigrants. Both radicals. Accused of murder. Found g…
Communism
economic and political system based on one party government a…
A. Mitchell Palmer
US Attorney General. Convinced radicals were undermining Amer…
19 terms
Chapter 12: Roaring 20s-Politics
Nativism
Isolationism
Communism
Lenin and Bolsheviks
Favoring the interests of native born people over foreign-bor…
Opposition to political and economical entanglements with oth…
An economic and political system based on one-party governmen…
Established the communist party after the fall of the czar.
Nativism
Favoring the interests of native born people over foreign-bor…
Isolationism
Opposition to political and economical entanglements with oth…
17 terms
American Politics Today Chapter 12
Bureaucracy
Civil Servants
Political Appointees
Regulation
The system of civil servants and political appointees who imp…
Employees of bureaucratic agencies within the government.
People selected by an elected leader, such as the president,…
A rule that allows the government to exercise control over in…
Bureaucracy
The system of civil servants and political appointees who imp…
Civil Servants
Employees of bureaucratic agencies within the government.
33 terms
Chapter 12 Economics and Politics (Sociology)
social institution
economy
postindustrial economy
primary sector
a major sphere of social life, or societal subsystem, organiz…
the social institution that organizes a society's production,…
a productive system based on service work and computer techno…
the part of the economy that draws raw materials from the nat…
social institution
a major sphere of social life, or societal subsystem, organiz…
economy
the social institution that organizes a society's production,…
Chapter 12: Economics and Politics
social institution
economy
postindustrial economy
primary sector
major sphere of social life, or societal subsystem, organized…
the social institution that organizes a society's production,…
a productive system based on service work and computer techno…
the part of the economy that draws raw materials from the nat…
social institution
major sphere of social life, or societal subsystem, organized…
economy
the social institution that organizes a society's production,…
Chapter 12: Politics of the Roaring 20s
nativism
isolationism
communism
anarchist
Favoring the interests of native-born people over foreign-bor…
Opposition to political and economic entanglements with other…
Economic and political system based on one-party government a…
Person who opposes all forms of government
nativism
Favoring the interests of native-born people over foreign-bor…
isolationism
Opposition to political and economic entanglements with other…
Chapter 12 - Bureaucratic Politics
What is an SOP?
Consequences of a SOP in a crisis?
How do SOPs shape leader's choices and…
2 examples of SOPs and the Cuban Missi…
Standard operating procedures, plan of action for different p…
Inflexible, can make it hard to cooperate with other agencies…
- Information is narrowed because SOPs are meant to fit solut…
1. USSR built missiles in Cuba out in the open (SOP) - made i…
What is an SOP?
Standard operating procedures, plan of action for different p…
Consequences of a SOP in a crisis?
Inflexible, can make it hard to cooperate with other agencies…
Chapter 12: Political Science
Appropriate
Authorize
Divided Government
Speaker of the House
Congress's power to allocate a set amount of federal dollars…
Congress's power to create a federal program or agency and se…
Situation in which one party controls the executive branch an…
Constitutional and political leader of the house.
Appropriate
Congress's power to allocate a set amount of federal dollars…
Authorize
Congress's power to create a federal program or agency and se…
15 terms
American Politics Vocabulary (Chapter 12)
Australian ballot
caucus
divided government
fusion tickets
A ballot prepared and distributed by government officials tha…
A closed meeting of a political or legislative group to choos…
A term used to describe government when one political party c…
Slates of candidates that "fused" the nominees of minor and m…
Australian ballot
A ballot prepared and distributed by government officials tha…
caucus
A closed meeting of a political or legislative group to choos…
Chapter 12 - Political Violence
political violence
terrorism
combatants
nation-based violence
the use of actual physical violence or very serious threats o…
an act where there is premeditated, politically motivated vio…
usually include: military personnel, paramilitary, militia, a…
the use of force between identity groups
political violence
the use of actual physical violence or very serious threats o…
terrorism
an act where there is premeditated, politically motivated vio…
19 terms
Politics 001 Chapter 12 Interest Groups
Interest Groups
Pluralism
Non-decisions
Policy Agenda
Organizations that seek to influence gov't decisions.
Theory that all groups are well represented and no single int…
Decisions not to consider particular issues or incorporate th…
Set of issues under consideration by policy makers.
Interest Groups
Organizations that seek to influence gov't decisions.
Pluralism
Theory that all groups are well represented and no single int…
Chapter 12 American Politics
Political Party
Partisanship
Party Organization
Party-In-Government
A group of citizens united by ideology and seeking control of…
Loyalty to a political cause or party.
The official structure that conducts the political business o…
Members of the party who have been elected to serve in govern…
Political Party
A group of citizens united by ideology and seeking control of…
Partisanship
Loyalty to a political cause or party.
21 terms
Chapter 12 Conflict, Power and Politics
Conflict
Dysfunctional Conflict
Functional Conflict
Personal Conflict
A process in which one party perceives that its interests are…
Conflict that is detrimental to organizational goals and obje…
Conflict that is beneficial to organizational goals and objec…
Conflict that arises out of personal differences between peop…
Conflict
A process in which one party perceives that its interests are…
Dysfunctional Conflict
Conflict that is detrimental to organizational goals and obje…
40 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 12 - The President
advice and consent
appointment power
cabinet
chief diplomat
Terms in the Constitution describing the U.S. Senate's power…
The authority vested in the president to fill a government of…
An advisory group selected by the president to aid in making…
The role of the president in recognizing foreign governments,…
advice and consent
Terms in the Constitution describing the U.S. Senate's power…
appointment power
The authority vested in the president to fill a government of…
30 terms
American Politics Chapter 12
political gridlock
• Nothing is happening because everyon…
political party
While both interest groups and parties…
the stalemate that occurs when political rivals, especially p…
...
a group of citizens united by ideology and seeking control of…
...
political gridlock
the stalemate that occurs when political rivals, especially p…
• Nothing is happening because everyon…
...
16 terms
Chapter 12 - Politics of the Roaring Twenties
nativism
isolationism
communism
anarchist
prejudice against foreign-born people
policy of pulling away from involvement in world affairs
economic and political system based on a single-party governm…
a person who opposes all forms of government
nativism
prejudice against foreign-born people
isolationism
policy of pulling away from involvement in world affairs
9 terms
Politics Key Terms Chapter 12
Dual Court System
Missouri Plan
Rule of 4
Original Jurisdiction
The judicial system of the US which comprises both state and…
Method of selections state judges, involving appointment from…
Procedure of the US Supreme Court by which the affirmative vo…
Authority of a court over cases that begin in that court
Dual Court System
The judicial system of the US which comprises both state and…
Missouri Plan
Method of selections state judges, involving appointment from…
American Politics Chapter 12
political gridlock
political party
partisanship
party organization
the stalemate that occurs when political rivals, especially p…
a group of citizens united by ideology and seeking control of…
loyalty to political cause or party
the official structure that conducts the political business o…
political gridlock
the stalemate that occurs when political rivals, especially p…
political party
a group of citizens united by ideology and seeking control of…
25 terms
Politics & Society Chapter 12
Bureaucracy
22nd Amendment
25th Amendment
Impeachment
A system of managing government through departments run by ap…
limits Presidents to two terms of office
created the means for selecting a new VP when the office beco…
Removing a discredited president before the end of a term
Bureaucracy
A system of managing government through departments run by ap…
22nd Amendment
limits Presidents to two terms of office
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