Study sets matching "politics chapter 13"

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Study sets matching "politics chapter 13"

18 terms
Politics Chapter 13 Vocab
caucus
expressed powers
implied powers
delegated powers
a normally closed political party business meeting of citizen…
specific powers granted by the constitution to congress (arti…
powers necessary to allow presidential exercise of expressed…
constitutional powers that are assigned to one governmental a…
caucus
a normally closed political party business meeting of citizen…
expressed powers
specific powers granted by the constitution to congress (arti…
politics chapter 13 terms
faction
interest group
political action committees (PACs)
lobbying
a group of citizens united by some common passion or interest…
an organization of individuals who share a common political g…
the fundraising arms of interest groups
interest group activities aimed at persuading policymakers to…
faction
a group of citizens united by some common passion or interest…
interest group
an organization of individuals who share a common political g…
6 terms
Politics 001 Chapter 13 Congress
Impeachment
Delegate Model of Representation
Trustee Model of Representation
Incumbent
Performed by the House of Reps, the act of charging gov't off…
Representatives are elected to do the bidding of the people w…
Representatives are elected to do what they think is best for…
The individual in an election who currently holds the contest…
Impeachment
Performed by the House of Reps, the act of charging gov't off…
Delegate Model of Representation
Representatives are elected to do the bidding of the people w…
24 terms
Chapter 13 Power and Politics
Power
Dependence
COERCIVE POWER
Reward power
A capacity that A has to influence the behavior of B so that…
B's relationship to A when A possesses something that B requi…
a power base that is dependent on fear of the negative result…
Compliance achieved based on the ability to distribute reward…
Power
A capacity that A has to influence the behavior of B so that…
Dependence
B's relationship to A when A possesses something that B requi…
Comparative Politics Chapter 13
Genocide
Identity
Social Identity Theory
National Identity
efforts to diminish or destroy a people and/or culture
the social label ascribed to an individual or group that loca…
An important theory in social psychology that sees personal i…
An identity that locates one's social position in relation to…
Genocide
efforts to diminish or destroy a people and/or culture
Identity
the social label ascribed to an individual or group that loca…
International Politics (Chapter 13)
externalities
nonexcludable
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
ozone layer
costs or benefits for stakeholders other than the actor under…
characterizing a public good: if the good is available to one…
chemical compounds used in aerosols, insulating materials, re…
part of the lower stratosphere, approximately six to 30 miles…
externalities
costs or benefits for stakeholders other than the actor under…
nonexcludable
characterizing a public good: if the good is available to one…
Chapter 13: Comp Politics
Patrimonial state
Democratic centralism
Vanguard party
Collectivization
A system of governance in which the ruler treats the state as…
A system of political organization developed by V. I. Lenin a…
A political party that claims to operate in the "true" intere…
A process undertaken in the Soviet Union under Stalin from 19…
Patrimonial state
A system of governance in which the ruler treats the state as…
Democratic centralism
A system of political organization developed by V. I. Lenin a…
15 terms
US Politics Chapter 13
public interest groups
economic interest groups
equal opportunity interest groups
government interest groups
groups that advocates for things the public wants
groups that advocates for government policy that benefit the…
groups that advocates for civil/ economic rights of minority…
groups that advocates for more government rights such as stat…
public interest groups
groups that advocates for things the public wants
economic interest groups
groups that advocates for government policy that benefit the…
33 terms
Comparative Politics Chapter 13
Electoral System
Electoral Formula
Ballot Structure
District Magnitude
A set of laws that regulate electoral competition between can…
Determines how votes are translated into seats
How electoral choices are presented on the ballot paper
The number of representatives elected in a district
Electoral System
A set of laws that regulate electoral competition between can…
Electoral Formula
Determines how votes are translated into seats
Global Politics Chapter 13
Washington Consensus
Global governance
Poverty
Modernization theory
Belief of key opinion formers in Washington that global welfa…
The regulation of transnational issue areas by nation-states,…
Traditionally refers to a situation where people do not have…
Considers development synonymous with economic growth within…
Washington Consensus
Belief of key opinion formers in Washington that global welfa…
Global governance
The regulation of transnational issue areas by nation-states,…
Politics - Chapter 13 Vocabulary
judicial review
statutory laws
judicial self-restraint
original intent
Powers of the courts, especially the Supreme Court, to declar…
Laws made by act of Congress or the state legislatures, as op…
Self-imposed limitation on judicial power by judges deferring…
Judicial philosophy under which judges attempt to apply the v…
judicial review
Powers of the courts, especially the Supreme Court, to declar…
statutory laws
Laws made by act of Congress or the state legislatures, as op…
19 terms
US Politics Chapter 13
caucus (political)
expressed powers
implied powers
delegated powers
a normally closed political party business meeting of citizen…
specific powers granted by the Constitution to Congress (Arti…
powers necessary to allow presidential exercise of expressed…
constitutional powers that are assigned to one governmental a…
caucus (political)
a normally closed political party business meeting of citizen…
expressed powers
specific powers granted by the Constitution to Congress (Arti…
18 terms
Comparative Politics Chapter 13
Rule of Law
Due Process
Common Law
Civil Law
Consistent application of the law, one law for all... Purpose o…
Respect for an individuals legal rights
Judicial rulings on matters not explicitly treated in legisla…
Decisions are reached by applying extensive written codes rat…
Rule of Law
Consistent application of the law, one law for all... Purpose o…
Due Process
Respect for an individuals legal rights
World Politics - Chapter 13
devolution
ethnocentrism
gender inequality
Gender Inequality Index (GII)
States' granting of political power to minority ethnic groups…
A propensity to see one's nationality or state as the center…
Differences between men and women in opportunity and reward t…
An index that uses female reproductive health, political and…
devolution
States' granting of political power to minority ethnic groups…
ethnocentrism
A propensity to see one's nationality or state as the center…
6 terms
American Politics Chapter 13
interest group
pluralism
selective benefits
lobbying
an organized group of individuals or organizations that makes…
the theory that all interests are and should be free to compe…
benefits that do not go to everyone but, rather, are distribu…
an attempt by a group to influence the policy process through…
interest group
an organized group of individuals or organizations that makes…
pluralism
the theory that all interests are and should be free to compe…
chapter 13 politics
grassroots lobbying
insider tactics
lobbying
lobbyists
lobbying conducted by asking the general public to contact le…
interest group activity that includes normal lobbying
activities through which individuals, interest groups, and ot…
professionals who work to influence public policy in favor of…
grassroots lobbying
lobbying conducted by asking the general public to contact le…
insider tactics
interest group activity that includes normal lobbying
Chapter 13 introduction to politics
Political Culture
Parochial
Subject
Participant
"Totality of ideas and attitudes towards authority, disciplin…
groups who don't really care about politics
those interested in national politics but essentially passive…
Those who actually participate to political decisions
Political Culture
"Totality of ideas and attitudes towards authority, disciplin…
Parochial
groups who don't really care about politics
31 terms
chapter 13: politics
politics
government
state
political socialization
is the social institution through which power is acquired and…
is the formal organization that has the legal and political a…
is the political entity that possesses a legitimate monopoly…
is the process by which people learn political attitudes, val…
politics
is the social institution through which power is acquired and…
government
is the formal organization that has the legal and political a…
16 terms
Politics Chapter 13
public policy
systems model
bureaucratic model
Marxism model
whatever governments choose to do or not to do
model of policy-making that holds that policy is the product…
a model of policy-making that holds the bureaucracies play a…
holds that public policy decisions in non Marxist regimes ref…
public policy
whatever governments choose to do or not to do
systems model
model of policy-making that holds that policy is the product…
14 terms
Politics Chapter 13 Vocab
527's
Australian ballot
closed primary
Federal Election Commission (FEC)
organizations that are independent of any party or candidate,…
a type of ballot that lists all candidates running for each o…
a primary election in which only voters registered with the p…
the federal agency that regulates campaign donations to and s…
527's
organizations that are independent of any party or candidate,…
Australian ballot
a type of ballot that lists all candidates running for each o…
18 terms
Politics Chapter 13
Budget
Deficit
Expenditures
Revenues
A policy document allocating burdens (taxes) and benefits (ex…
An excess of federal expenditures over federal revenues.
Government spending. Major areas of federal spending are soci…
The financial resources of the government. The individual inc…
Budget
A policy document allocating burdens (taxes) and benefits (ex…
Deficit
An excess of federal expenditures over federal revenues.
17 terms
Chapter 13 Politics
Constitutional Duties of Congress
Whips
Speaker of the Hose
Term Limits
...
A senator or representative who helps the party leader stay i…
house of representatives leader (John Boenher)
laws that limit the number of terms elected officials can serve
Constitutional Duties of Congress
...
Whips
A senator or representative who helps the party leader stay i…
20 terms
Politics chapter 13
National security
Entitlements
Emission trading scheme
Kyoto protocol
Protection of a country from external and internal enemies
Fed and state benefits in US like social security and Medicar…
In the European Union corporations have credits. Clean ones g…
...
National security
Protection of a country from external and internal enemies
Entitlements
Fed and state benefits in US like social security and Medicar…
20 terms
Politics Chapter 13 Vocab
Globalization
transnational
political globalization
international government organizations…
the spread of political, economic, and cultural dynamics amon…
issues with causes and effects that extend beyond the boarder…
the growth in the number and scope of transnational politics…
political institutions made up of member-states that have a t…
Globalization
the spread of political, economic, and cultural dynamics amon…
transnational
issues with causes and effects that extend beyond the boarder…
Chapter 13: American Politics
PAC: Political action committee
Solidary benefit
material benefit
expressive benefit
-the fundraising arm of an interest group
-selective incentives related to the interaction and bonding…
-selective incentives in the form of tangible rewards
-selective incentives that derive from the opportunity to exp…
PAC: Political action committee
-the fundraising arm of an interest group
Solidary benefit
-selective incentives related to the interaction and bonding…
19 terms
CHAPTER 13: IDENTITY POLITICS
Identity
Ethnicity
Culture
Religious Fundamentalism
Set of characteristics that individuals recognize as defining…
group, frequently based on common ancestry, whose members ide…
norms, customs, and ways of living of a group of human beings…
A literal and strict interpretation of a holy text, can happe…
Identity
Set of characteristics that individuals recognize as defining…
Ethnicity
group, frequently based on common ancestry, whose members ide…
Chapter 13 Politics
Equality of opportunity:
Equality of outcome:
Civil rights:
Constitutional amendments and related…
each person is guaranteed the same chance to succeed in life
Greater uniformity in social, economic, and political power a…
powers and privileges guaranteed to the individual and protec…
passed to guarantee civil rights after the Civil War... Right to…
Equality of opportunity:
each person is guaranteed the same chance to succeed in life
Equality of outcome:
Greater uniformity in social, economic, and political power a…
The Logic of American Politics Chapter 13
grassroots lobbying
insider tactics
interest groups
lobbying
Lobbying conducted by rank-and-file members of an interest gr…
Interest group activity that includes normal lobbying on Capi…
Organized groups of people seeking to influence public policy.
Activities through which individuals, interest groups, and ot…
grassroots lobbying
Lobbying conducted by rank-and-file members of an interest gr…
insider tactics
Interest group activity that includes normal lobbying on Capi…
Politics chapter 13
Faction
How did James Madison feel about facti…
Interest Group
How are Interest Groups different from…
a group of citizens united by some common passion or interest…
He feared them and felt they could weaken and destabilize a r…
An organization of individuals who share a common political g…
Political parties influence policy by sponsoring candidates i…
Faction
a group of citizens united by some common passion or interest…
How did James Madison feel about facti…
He feared them and felt they could weaken and destabilize a r…
11 terms
Political Science- Chapter 13
Lobbying
The "collective action problem" of int…
Selective incentives
Grassroots Lobbying
appeals from citizens and groups to legislators for favorable…
Rational self-interest leads to universal free riding, which…
resolve collective action problem by providing benefits that…
used predominantly by large groups with conspicuous and conte…
Lobbying
appeals from citizens and groups to legislators for favorable…
The "collective action problem" of int…
Rational self-interest leads to universal free riding, which…
Political Science Chapter 13
Chief of state
Chief Executive
Chief Administrator
Chief Diplomat
The ceremonial head of the government of the US, the symbol o…
Vested by the Constitution with "the executive power" of the US
Director of the Federal Government
Main architect of American foreign policy and the nation'a ch…
Chief of state
The ceremonial head of the government of the US, the symbol o…
Chief Executive
Vested by the Constitution with "the executive power" of the US
62 terms
Politics Chapter 13
Which article describes the power of t…
Section what of which article describe…
The framers wanted a President who wou…
What sections of Article 2 outline the…
Article 2
Section 1 of Article 2
State and Legislature
Sections 2 and 3
Which article describes the power of t…
Article 2
Section what of which article describe…
Section 1 of Article 2
21 terms
Chapter 13: The Budget: The Politics of Taxing and Spending
budget
deficit
expenditures
revenues
a policy document allocating burdens (taxes) and benefits (ex…
an excess of federal expenditures over federal revenues.
government spending. Major areas of federal spending are soci…
the financial resources of the government. The individual inc…
budget
a policy document allocating burdens (taxes) and benefits (ex…
deficit
an excess of federal expenditures over federal revenues.
45 terms
MGMT Chapter 13: Power and Politics
legitimating tactics
coalition tactics
commitment
reward power
Those that occur when the appeal is based on legitimate or po…
A group of individuals working together toward a common goal…
Occurs when the target not only agrees to the request but als…
The ability to grant a reward, such as an increase in pay, a…
legitimating tactics
Those that occur when the appeal is based on legitimate or po…
coalition tactics
A group of individuals working together toward a common goal…
19 terms
American Politics - Chapter 13
Partisan Polarization
Bicameral Legislature
Filibuster
Marginal Districts
A vote in which a majority of democratic legislators oppose a…
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts
An attempt to defeat a bill in the senate by talking indefini…
Political districts in which candidates elected to the house…
Partisan Polarization
A vote in which a majority of democratic legislators oppose a…
Bicameral Legislature
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts
11 terms
American Politics Vocabulary (Chapter 13)
grassroots lobbying
insider tactics
interest groups
lobbying
Lobbying conducted by rank-and-file members of an interest gr…
Interest group activity that includes normal lobbying on Capi…
Organized groups of people seeking to influence public policy.
Activities through which individuals, interest groups, and ot…
grassroots lobbying
Lobbying conducted by rank-and-file members of an interest gr…
insider tactics
Interest group activity that includes normal lobbying on Capi…
13 terms
Global Politics Chapter 13
externalities
nonexcludable
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
ozone layer
Costs or benefits for stakeholders other than the actor under…
Characteristic of a public good: if the good is available to…
Chemical compounds used in aerosols, insulating materials, re…
Part of the lower stratosphere, approximately 6 to 30 miles,…
externalities
Costs or benefits for stakeholders other than the actor under…
nonexcludable
Characteristic of a public good: if the good is available to…
Chapter 13 American Politics
Equal time rule
Right of rebuttal
Fairness doctrine
Prior restraint
FCC rule requiring media stations to offer advertising time t…
A media regulation that requires broadcasters to give people…
Old FCC rule requiring media stations to provide different vi…
Censorship of a publication. prohibited unless it's about nat…
Equal time rule
FCC rule requiring media stations to offer advertising time t…
Right of rebuttal
A media regulation that requires broadcasters to give people…
15 terms
International Politics Chapter 13
Asylum
Blended Enforcement
Bush Doctrine
Human Rights
The granting of permission for people to enter and remain in…
A model for implementing international law in which the autho…
A set of principles, formed during the administration of U.S.…
An array of "inalienable" individual rights, including civil…
Asylum
The granting of permission for people to enter and remain in…
Blended Enforcement
A model for implementing international law in which the autho…
22 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 13 - The Bureaucracy
acquisitive model
administrative agency
bureaucracy
cabinet department
A model of bureaucracy that views top-level bureaucrats as se…
A federal, state, or local government unit established to per…
A large organization that is structured hierarchically to car…
One of the 15 departments of the executive branch (State, Tre…
acquisitive model
A model of bureaucracy that views top-level bureaucrats as se…
administrative agency
A federal, state, or local government unit established to per…
32 terms
American Politics Chapter 13
faction
interest group
political action committees (PACs)
lobbying
a group of citizens united by some common passion or interest…
an organization of individuals who share a common political g…
the fundraising arms of interest groups... sig... he increase in th…
interest group activities aimed at persuading policymakers to…
faction
a group of citizens united by some common passion or interest…
interest group
an organization of individuals who share a common political g…
Chapter 13 Comparative Politics
Genocide
Identity
Social Identity Theory
National Identity
Efforts to diminish or destroy a people and/or culture
The social label ascribed to an individual or group that loca…
An important theory in social psychology that sees personal i…
An identity that locates one's social position in relation to…
Genocide
Efforts to diminish or destroy a people and/or culture
Identity
The social label ascribed to an individual or group that loca…
26 terms
American Politics Chapter 13
Civil Rights
Equal Protection Clause
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Reconstruction
The promise of equal treatment under the law, regardless of o…
Section of the 14th amendment that says: "No state shall . .…
The 1857 Supreme Court case that legalized slavery nationwide…
The period of federal occupation of southern states (1865-187…
Civil Rights
The promise of equal treatment under the law, regardless of o…
Equal Protection Clause
Section of the 14th amendment that says: "No state shall . .…
12 terms
politics chapter 13 key terms
Grassroots lobbying
Insider tactics
Interest groups
Lobbying
Lobbying conducted by rank-and-file members of an interest gr…
Interest group activity that includes normal lobbying on Capi…
Organized groups of people seeking to influence public policy
Activities through which individuals, interest groups, and ot…
Grassroots lobbying
Lobbying conducted by rank-and-file members of an interest gr…
Insider tactics
Interest group activity that includes normal lobbying on Capi…
8 terms
Comparative Politics Chapter 13
About half of the legislative and pres…
Some scholars argue that elections in…
What is (are) the key difference(s) be…
What is the district magnitude in a si…
a) true
d) all of the above are reasons given to explain why dictator…
a) in majoritarian systems, the winning candidate(s) must win…
a) 1
About half of the legislative and pres…
a) true
Some scholars argue that elections in…
d) all of the above are reasons given to explain why dictator…
American Politics Chapter 13
Fourteenth Amendment
Fifteenth Amendment
Nineteenth Amendment
Twenty-Fourth Amendment
established that each state must guarantee equal protection o…
guarantees the right to vote shall not be denied to anyone on…
granted women the right to vote
eliminated the poll tax
Fourteenth Amendment
established that each state must guarantee equal protection o…
Fifteenth Amendment
guarantees the right to vote shall not be denied to anyone on…
Chapter 13 American Politics
third party
interest group
pluralism
characteristics of interest groups
A party that challenges the two major parties. predicted to l…
An organization of people sharing a common interest or goal t…
The doctrine that all interests should be pursued to compete…
They educate their members about issues that might affect the…
third party
A party that challenges the two major parties. predicted to l…
interest group
An organization of people sharing a common interest or goal t…
23 terms
chapter 13- government & politics
politics
government
power
authority
the social institution that distributes power, sets a society…
a formal organization that directs the political life of a so…
the ability to achieve desired ends despite resistance from o…
power that people perceive as legitimate rather than coercive
politics
the social institution that distributes power, sets a society…
government
a formal organization that directs the political life of a so…
13 terms
Chapter 13: Power and Politics
Power
Dependence
Coercive Power
Reward Power
A capacity that A has to influence the behavior of B so that…
B's relationship to A when A possesses something that B requi…
A power base that is dependent on fear of the negative result…
Compliance achieved based on the ability to distribute reward…
Power
A capacity that A has to influence the behavior of B so that…
Dependence
B's relationship to A when A possesses something that B requi…
28 terms
CHAPTER 13: IDENTITY POLITICS
Identity
Ethnicity
Culture
Religious Fundamentalism
Set of characteristics that individuals recognize as defining…
group, frequently based on common ancestry, whose members ide…
norms, customs, and ways of living of a group of human beings…
A literal and strict interpretation of a holy text, can happe…
Identity
Set of characteristics that individuals recognize as defining…
Ethnicity
group, frequently based on common ancestry, whose members ide…
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