Study sets matching "politics chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "politics chapter 2"

21 terms
Politics Chapter 2
Articles of Confederation
confederation
Virginia Plan
New Jersey Plan
America's first written constitution; served as the basis for…
a system of government in which states retain soverign author…
a framework for the Constitution, introduced by Edmund Randol…
a framework for the Constitution, introduced by William Pater…
Articles of Confederation
America's first written constitution; served as the basis for…
confederation
a system of government in which states retain soverign author…
13 terms
US Politics Chapter 2
Refugees
Naturalization
Procedural Gurantees
Political Culture
people who flee from danger to another country, go through US…
the process of acquiring citizenship for legal immigrants, US…
government guarantee fair processes rather than specific outc…
the general values that Americans believe in, such as freedom…
Refugees
people who flee from danger to another country, go through US…
Naturalization
the process of acquiring citizenship for legal immigrants, US…
26 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 2
Anti-Federalist
Amendment requirements
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Rights
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
America's 1st constitution from 1781-1789. it provided a weak…
The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution. They provide for…
Anti-Federalist
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
Amendment requirements
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
41 terms
Politics Chapter 2; Vocab
Concept
Body Politics
Order
Democracy
General idea emerging from events or instances.
entirety of a political community.
condition in which both units & interaction within a politica…
political system based on the principle that governance requi…
Concept
General idea emerging from events or instances.
Body Politics
entirety of a political community.
Politics - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
political culture
values
beliefs
subcultures
widely shared views about who should govern, for what end, an…
shared ideas about what is good and desirable.
shared ideas about what is true.
variations on the prevailing values and beliefs in a society.
political culture
widely shared views about who should govern, for what end, an…
values
shared ideas about what is good and desirable.
11 terms
Comparative Politics Chapter 2
State
Sovereignty
Failed State
Legitimacy
a political-legal unit with sovereignty over a particular geo…
ultimate responsibility for and legal authority over the cond…
a state where sovereignty over claimed territory has collapse…
the degree to which citizens willingly accept the state's sov…
State
a political-legal unit with sovereignty over a particular geo…
Sovereignty
ultimate responsibility for and legal authority over the cond…
13 terms
Chapter 2 Politics
The role of a constitution
Edmund J. Davis Administration
Limits on the executive
Powers of the national government
Ruled under 7 constituions... Provides framework ... Requires frequ…
He was inaugurated in 1870 as the first republican government…
Provides a weak governor and power would be distributed and s…
Enumerated powers (delegated powers)... Necessary and proper cla…
The role of a constitution
Ruled under 7 constituions... Provides framework ... Requires frequ…
Edmund J. Davis Administration
He was inaugurated in 1870 as the first republican government…
Politics Chapter 2
Natural Law
Hobbes Believes
Locke Believes
Monarchy, Oligarchy, Aristocracy
Ground rule for government inspired by Aristotle and the gree…
Need a strong leader to protect life and property. Man gives…
Agrees with Hobbes on need for government but not only for pr…
All based on elite rule and give few rights to the people who…
Natural Law
Ground rule for government inspired by Aristotle and the gree…
Hobbes Believes
Need a strong leader to protect life and property. Man gives…
26 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 2
Anti-Federalist
Amendment requirements
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Rights
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
America's 1st constitution from 1781-1789. it provided a weak…
The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution. They provide for…
Anti-Federalist
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
Amendment requirements
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
26 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 2
Anti-Federalist
Amendment requirements
Articles of Confederation
Bicameral Legislature
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
America's 1st constitution from 1781-1789. it provided a weak…
A legislature made up of two parts, called chambers
Anti-Federalist
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
Amendment requirements
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
49 terms
politics chapter 2
article 1 establishes
article 2 establishes
article 3 establishes
black rights
legislative
executive
judiciary
13 14 15
article 1 establishes
legislative
article 2 establishes
executive
25 terms
Chapter 2 Vocab Politics
Constitution
Consent of the governed
Articles of Confederation
New Jersey Plan
A nation's basic law. It creates political institutions, assi…
According to John Locke, the required basis for government. T…
The first constitution of the United States, adopted by Congr…
The proposal at the Constitutional Convention that called for…
Constitution
A nation's basic law. It creates political institutions, assi…
Consent of the governed
According to John Locke, the required basis for government. T…
28 terms
Politics & Government Chapter 2
Anti-Federalists
Bill of Rights
Checks and Balances
Constitution
opponents of the Constitution were labeled, raised arguments…
In consenting to be governed, the people agree to accept thee…
no institution can act decisively without the support or acqu…
is the fundamental law that defines how a government will leg…
Anti-Federalists
opponents of the Constitution were labeled, raised arguments…
Bill of Rights
In consenting to be governed, the people agree to accept thee…
21 terms
Chapter 2 'Global Politics'
Modernization
Feudalism
Renaissance
(the) Enlightenment
The process though which societies become 'modern' or 'develo…
A system of agrarian-based production that is characterized b…
From the French, literally meaning 'rebirth'; a cultural move…
An intellectual movement that challenged traditional beliefs…
Modernization
The process though which societies become 'modern' or 'develo…
Feudalism
A system of agrarian-based production that is characterized b…
22 terms
Politics chapter 2
what are the Articles of Confederation?
Define confederation
What was the Virginia Plan
What was the New Jersey Plan
They are Americas first written constitution; served as the b…
A system of government in which states retain sovereign autho…
It called for representation in the national legislature base…
It called for equal representation in the national legislatur…
what are the Articles of Confederation?
They are Americas first written constitution; served as the b…
Define confederation
A system of government in which states retain sovereign autho…
Chapter 2 Politics
Antifederalist
Articles of Confederation weakness
Amending the Constitution
Faction
Didnt like constitution. Wanted to amend articles of confeder…
National government could not collect revenue.
2 fold process: need a proposal with (2/3 vote) and a ratific…
It's going to always happen that certain people have like int…
Antifederalist
Didnt like constitution. Wanted to amend articles of confeder…
Articles of Confederation weakness
National government could not collect revenue.
Politics in America - Chapter 2
Political Culture
Values
Beliefs
Subcultures
Widely shared views about who should govern, for what ends, a…
Shared ideas about what is good and desirable
Shared ideas about what is true
Variations on the prevailing values and beliefs in a society
Political Culture
Widely shared views about who should govern, for what ends, a…
Values
Shared ideas about what is good and desirable
Chapter 2 'Global Politics'
Modernization
Feudalism
Renaissance
(the) Enlightenment
The process though which societies become 'modern' or 'develo…
A system of agrarian-based production that is characterized b…
From the French, literally meaning 'rebirth'; a cultural move…
An intellectual movement that challenged traditional beliefs…
Modernization
The process though which societies become 'modern' or 'develo…
Feudalism
A system of agrarian-based production that is characterized b…
22 terms
Politics Chapter 2
Articles of Confederation
confederation
Virginia Plan
New Jersey Plan
America's first written constitution; served as the basis for…
a system of government in which states retain sovereign autho…
a framework for the Constitution, introduced by Edmund Randol…
a framework for the Constitution, introduced by William Pater…
Articles of Confederation
America's first written constitution; served as the basis for…
confederation
a system of government in which states retain sovereign autho…
33 terms
World Politics Chapter 2&3
Power
Influence
Capability
Soft Power
Influence and Capability
The ability to get another actor to do what he/she would not…
- Specific characteristics or possessions of states... - Easier…
A persuasive approach to international relations, typically i…
Power
Influence and Capability
Influence
The ability to get another actor to do what he/she would not…
21 terms
World Politics Chapter 2
Interests
Actors
State
Sovereignty
What actors want to achieve through political action; their p…
The basic unit for the analysis of international politics; ca…
A central authority with the ability to make and enforce laws…
The expectation that states have legal and political supremac…
Interests
What actors want to achieve through political action; their p…
Actors
The basic unit for the analysis of international politics; ca…
Politics Chapter 2
Majoritarian Model
UK crown/monarchy
Magna Carta
English Civil War
Virtual unchecked power of parliament in the UK political sys…
British Monarchy and sometimes the British state (PM and cabi…
Doc. Signed by King John that limited power of monarchy (1215)
Conflict between Parliament and the monarch that temporarily…
Majoritarian Model
Virtual unchecked power of parliament in the UK political sys…
UK crown/monarchy
British Monarchy and sometimes the British state (PM and cabi…
American Politics- Chapter 2
Articles of Confederation
confederation
Virginia Plan
New Jersey Plan
America's first written constitution; served as the basis for…
a system of government in which states retains sovereign auth…
a framework for the Constitution, introduced by Edmund Randol…
a framework for the Constitution, introduced by William Pater…
Articles of Confederation
America's first written constitution; served as the basis for…
confederation
a system of government in which states retains sovereign auth…
14 terms
International Politics Chapter 2
Actors
State
National Interests
Coordination
The basic unit for the analysis of international politics; ca…
A central authority with the ability to make and enforce laws…
Interests attributed to the state itself, usually security an…
A type of cooperative interaction in which actors benefit fro…
Actors
The basic unit for the analysis of international politics; ca…
State
A central authority with the ability to make and enforce laws…
29 terms
American Politics Chapter 2
Stamp Act
Five Sectors of Society
Sugar Act
Boston Massacre
(1765) Required all printed and legal documents, including ne…
1. the new england merchants... 2. the southern planters... 3. The…
(1764) taxed sugar, molasses, and other commodities, most hea…
When shopkeepers, small farmers, laborers, artisans, merchant…
Stamp Act
(1765) Required all printed and legal documents, including ne…
Five Sectors of Society
1. the new england merchants... 2. the southern planters... 3. The…
Chapter 2 European Politics
Nation State
Sovereignty
Minority nationalism
Demarcation
is a country where the boundaries of the political and admini…
implied the ultimate right, free from external hindrance, to…
is the feeling on the part of one community within a state th…
(in relation to stateless nations and minorities) the action…
Nation State
is a country where the boundaries of the political and admini…
Sovereignty
implied the ultimate right, free from external hindrance, to…
American Politics Chapter 2
Mayflower Compact
Bill of Rights
First Continental Congress
Second Continental Congress
A contract that was used aboard the mayflower to create laws…
First ten amendments in the constitution
A gathering of representatives from all of the colonies but G…
A second gathering of representatives from all of the colonie…
Mayflower Compact
A contract that was used aboard the mayflower to create laws…
Bill of Rights
First ten amendments in the constitution
World Politics, Chapter 2
theory
paradigm
diagnostic value
prescriptive value
set of conclusions derived from assumptions and evidence abou…
dominant way of looking at a particular subject judges what i…
helps policy makers asses issues by identifying patterns
provides framework for conceptualizing strategies and policy…
theory
set of conclusions derived from assumptions and evidence abou…
paradigm
dominant way of looking at a particular subject judges what i…
American Politics Chapter 2
Powerful colonists
Weak colonists
Stamp Act (1765)
Boston Tea Party (1773)
Merchants and farm owners
artisans, laborers, shoe keepers
governance via higher taxes to Britain (Collective Action Wor…
push to rescind the tea act led by Samuel Adams (the same dud…
Powerful colonists
Merchants and farm owners
Weak colonists
artisans, laborers, shoe keepers
18 terms
Chapter 2 - Essentials of Comparative Politics
state
sovereignty
regime
government
(1) The organization that maintains a monopoly of force over…
The ability of a state to carry out actions or policies withi…
The fundamental rules and norms of politics, embodying long-t…
The leadership or elite in charge of running the state
state
(1) The organization that maintains a monopoly of force over…
sovereignty
The ability of a state to carry out actions or policies withi…
World Politics Chapter 2
interests
actors
state
sovereignty
what actors want to achieve through political action; their p…
the basic unit for the analysis of international politics; ca…
a central authority with the ability to make and enforce laws…
the expectation that states have legal and political supremac…
interests
what actors want to achieve through political action; their p…
actors
the basic unit for the analysis of international politics; ca…
29 terms
Politics Chapter 2: Constitution
Article 1
Article 1, section 8 Necessary and pro…
Article 2
Article 3
Article of the Constitution that defines the Legislative Bran…
Gives congress the power to make laws it finds necessary
Article of the Constitution that defines the Executive Branch…
Article of the Constitution that sets up the Judicial Branch…
Article 1
Article of the Constitution that defines the Legislative Bran…
Article 1, section 8 Necessary and pro…
Gives congress the power to make laws it finds necessary
Chapter 2- The Evolution of Global Politics
Protestant Reformation
Thirty Years' War... (1618-1648)
Peace of Westphalia ... (1648)
sovereign equality
a social and political movement begun in 1517 in reaction to…
the last of the great wars in Europe fought nominally for rel…
ended the Thirty Years' War and was crucial in delimiting the…
the idea that all countries have the same rights, including t…
Protestant Reformation
a social and political movement begun in 1517 in reaction to…
Thirty Years' War... (1618-1648)
the last of the great wars in Europe fought nominally for rel…
51 terms
Chapter 2- The Evolution of Global Politics
Protestant Reformation
Thirty Years' War... (1618-1648)
Peace of Westphalia ... (1648)
sovereign equality
a social and political movement begun in 1517 in reaction to…
the last of the great wars in Europe fought nominally for rel…
ended the Thirty Years' War and was crucial in delimiting the…
the idea that all countries have the same rights, including t…
Protestant Reformation
a social and political movement begun in 1517 in reaction to…
Thirty Years' War... (1618-1648)
the last of the great wars in Europe fought nominally for rel…
American Politics Chapter 2
What do Constitutions Accomplish?
Articles of Confederation
Virginia Plan
New Jersey Plan
1. legal codes applied to everyone in a unbiased manner.... 2. t…
the first constitution of the U.S; provided only limited powe…
during the Constitution convention in 1787... -working draft for…
-an alternative at the CC... -focused on amending, rather than r…
What do Constitutions Accomplish?
1. legal codes applied to everyone in a unbiased manner.... 2. t…
Articles of Confederation
the first constitution of the U.S; provided only limited powe…
12 terms
Chapter 2 Comparative Politics
state
sovereignty
failed state
legitimacy
a political legal unit with sovereignty over a particular geo…
ultimate responsibility for and legal authority over the cond…
a state where sovereignty over claimed territory has collapse…
the degree to which citizens willingly accept the states sove…
state
a political legal unit with sovereignty over a particular geo…
sovereignty
ultimate responsibility for and legal authority over the cond…
20 terms
Politics Quiz Chapter 2
Regarding the status of people in a co…
According to the text, James Madison f…
______ is the ability of someone to cr…
The necessary conditions for a workabl…
authoritarian; non-authoritarian
False
dissent
social mobility... avenues for peaceful dissent
Regarding the status of people in a co…
authoritarian; non-authoritarian
According to the text, James Madison f…
False
27 terms
Comparative Politics - Chapter 2
correlation va. causation
theory
normative theory vs. empirical theory
hypothesis
observing factors that accompany each other vs. an argument t…
general set of explanatory claims about some specifiable empi…
deals with questions about morals and beliefs (what is the be…
a specific prediction, derived from a theory, that can be tes…
correlation va. causation
observing factors that accompany each other vs. an argument t…
theory
general set of explanatory claims about some specifiable empi…
18 terms
American Politics Chapter 2
Immigrants
Naturalization
Asylum
Refugees
Citizens or subjects of one country who move to another count…
The legal process of acquiring citizenship for someone who ha…
Protection or sanctuary, esecially from political persecution
Individuals who flee and area or a country because of persecu…
Immigrants
Citizens or subjects of one country who move to another count…
Naturalization
The legal process of acquiring citizenship for someone who ha…
chapter 2 international politics
Idealism
Realism
multipolar system
Balance of power
Liberalism, cooperation, interdependence, individual rights,i…
Power struggle, territory, wealth, resources, zero-zum game,…
Govern political reaction among Europeans. A world political…
A concept that describes the degree of equilibrium (balance)…
Idealism
Liberalism, cooperation, interdependence, individual rights,i…
Realism
Power struggle, territory, wealth, resources, zero-zum game,…
14 terms
Environmental Politics Chapter 2
Dominant social paradigm
Cost/benefit analysis
Externalized costs
Solidarity benefits
(DSP) The view that humans are superior to other all other sp…
Cost-benefit analysis (CBA), sometimes called benefit-cost an…
costs of production that someone else pays. For example, one…
is unity (as of a group or class) which produces or is based…
Dominant social paradigm
(DSP) The view that humans are superior to other all other sp…
Cost/benefit analysis
Cost-benefit analysis (CBA), sometimes called benefit-cost an…
International Politics (Chapter 2)
interests
power or security, economic or materia…
power or security
economic or material welfare
what actors want to achieve through political action; their p…
what are the three categories in which analysts group interes…
at this level, all political actors are understood to require…
at this level, political actors are presumed to desire a high…
interests
what actors want to achieve through political action; their p…
power or security, economic or materia…
what are the three categories in which analysts group interes…
Global Politics Chapter 2
30 Years War
Peace of Westphalia
Sovereign Equality
Society of States
War fought in Germany... Fought over political issues such as re…
Ended the 30 Years War
The idea that countries have the same right to sovereignty
Idea of an association of sovereign states based on their com…
30 Years War
War fought in Germany... Fought over political issues such as re…
Peace of Westphalia
Ended the 30 Years War
Chapter 2: Comparative Politics
asymmetric federalism
autonomy
capacity
charismatic legitimacy
When power is divided unevenly between regional bodies; for e…
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
The ability of the state to wield power to carry out basic ta…
Legitimacy built on the force of ideas embodied by an individ…
asymmetric federalism
When power is divided unevenly between regional bodies; for e…
autonomy
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
Chapter 2: Politics
Representative Government
Social Contract
Inalienable (Natural) Rights
Constitution
A gov in which the people of the govern through the selection…
A voluntary agreement by individuals to form a government tha…
Those rights that people theoretically possessed in the state…
The fundamental law that defines how a government will legiti…
Representative Government
A gov in which the people of the govern through the selection…
Social Contract
A voluntary agreement by individuals to form a government tha…
13 terms
international politics chapter 2
cult of the offensive
Entente Cordiale
iron-rye coalition
liberal nationalism
a belief in the advantage of using military power offensively
an agreement signed in 1904 between Great Britain and France…
a domestic coalition of military and agricultural interests t…
a form of nineteenth-century nationalism that focused on poli…
cult of the offensive
a belief in the advantage of using military power offensively
Entente Cordiale
an agreement signed in 1904 between Great Britain and France…
53 terms
Government & Politics- Chapter 2
Representative Assembly
Natural Rights
What are the Natural rights?
Social Contract
A legislature composed of individuals who represent the popul…
rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on g…
Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their right…
Representative Assembly
A legislature composed of individuals who represent the popul…
Natural Rights
rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on g…
Chapter 2 Global Politics: The Evolution of Global Politics
Protestant revolution
Thirty Years War (1618-1648)
Peace of Westphalia (1648)
sovereign equality
a social and political movement begun in 1517 in reaction to…
the last of the great wars in Europe fought nominally for rel…
ended the 30 years war and was crucial in delimiting the poli…
the idea that all countries have the same rights, including t…
Protestant revolution
a social and political movement begun in 1517 in reaction to…
Thirty Years War (1618-1648)
the last of the great wars in Europe fought nominally for rel…
20 terms
Politics Chapter 2
Alliances
Anarchists
Anarchy
Collective Action
agreements between nations to aid and protect one another
people who oppose all forms of organized government
a lack of government and law
action that takes place in groups and diverges from the socia…
Alliances
agreements between nations to aid and protect one another
Anarchists
people who oppose all forms of organized government
22 terms
Chapter 2 Politics
Federalism
Tenth Amendment
National supremacy clause
Delegated Powers
Division of power between national and regional (state) gover…
The Tenth Amendment to the U.s. Constitution declares that "t…
Article VI of the U.S. Constitution states. "This Constitutio…
Specific powers entrusted to the national government by Artic…
Federalism
Division of power between national and regional (state) gover…
Tenth Amendment
The Tenth Amendment to the U.s. Constitution declares that "t…
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