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Study sets matching "politics chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "politics chapter 2"

26 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 2
Anti-Federalist
Amendment requirements
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Rights
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
America's 1st constitution from 1781-1789. it provided a weak…
The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution. They provide for…
Anti-Federalist
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
Amendment requirements
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
21 terms
Politics Chapter 2
Articles of Confederation
confederation
Virginia Plan
New Jersey Plan
America's first written constitution; served as the basis for…
a system of government in which states retain soverign author…
a framework for the Constitution, introduced by Edmund Randol…
a framework for the Constitution, introduced by William Pater…
Articles of Confederation
America's first written constitution; served as the basis for…
confederation
a system of government in which states retain soverign author…
26 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 2
Anti-Federalist
Amendment requirements
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Rights
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
America's 1st constitution from 1781-1789. it provided a weak…
The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution. They provide for…
Anti-Federalist
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
Amendment requirements
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
11 terms
Comparative Politics Chapter 2
State
Sovereignty
Failed State
Legitimacy
a political-legal unit with sovereignty over a particular geo…
ultimate responsibility for and legal authority over the cond…
a state where sovereignty over claimed territory has collapse…
the degree to which citizens willingly accept the state's sov…
State
a political-legal unit with sovereignty over a particular geo…
Sovereignty
ultimate responsibility for and legal authority over the cond…
13 terms
US Politics Chapter 2
Refugees
Naturalization
Procedural Gurantees
Political Culture
people who flee from danger to another country, go through US…
the process of acquiring citizenship for legal immigrants, US…
government guarantee fair processes rather than specific outc…
the general values that Americans believe in, such as freedom…
Refugees
people who flee from danger to another country, go through US…
Naturalization
the process of acquiring citizenship for legal immigrants, US…
41 terms
Politics Chapter 2; Vocab
Concept
Body Politics
Order
Democracy
General idea emerging from events or instances.
entirety of a political community.
condition in which both units & interaction within a politica…
political system based on the principle that governance requi…
Concept
General idea emerging from events or instances.
Body Politics
entirety of a political community.
21 terms
Politics Chapter 2
Sovereignty
Instituation
Government
Regime
The ability to carry out actions or policies within a territo…
An organization or activity that is self-perpetuating and val…
Leadership or elite who run the state and make policies
fundamental rules and norms of politics that shape long term…
Sovereignty
The ability to carry out actions or policies within a territo…
Instituation
An organization or activity that is self-perpetuating and val…
34 terms
Politics - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
political culture
values
beliefs
subcultures
widely shared views about who should govern, for what end, an…
shared ideas about what is good and desirable.
shared ideas about what is true.
variations on the prevailing values and beliefs in a society.
political culture
widely shared views about who should govern, for what end, an…
values
shared ideas about what is good and desirable.
13 terms
Chapter 2 Politics
The role of a constitution
Edmund J. Davis Administration
Limits on the executive
Powers of the national government
Ruled under 7 constituions... Provides framework ... Requires frequ…
He was inaugurated in 1870 as the first republican government…
Provides a weak governor and power would be distributed and s…
Enumerated powers (delegated powers)... Necessary and proper cla…
The role of a constitution
Ruled under 7 constituions... Provides framework ... Requires frequ…
Edmund J. Davis Administration
He was inaugurated in 1870 as the first republican government…
54 terms
Politics Chapter 2
Natural Law
Hobbes Believes
Locke Believes
Monarchy, Oligarchy, Aristocracy
Ground rule for government inspired by Aristotle and the gree…
Need a strong leader to protect life and property. Man gives…
Agrees with Hobbes on need for government but not only for pr…
All based on elite rule and give few rights to the people who…
Natural Law
Ground rule for government inspired by Aristotle and the gree…
Hobbes Believes
Need a strong leader to protect life and property. Man gives…
18 terms
Chapter 2 - Essentials of Comparative Politics
state
sovereignty
regime
government
(1) The organization that maintains a monopoly of force over…
The ability of a state to carry out actions or policies withi…
The fundamental rules and norms of politics, embodying long-t…
The leadership or elite in charge of running the state
state
(1) The organization that maintains a monopoly of force over…
sovereignty
The ability of a state to carry out actions or policies withi…
49 terms
politics chapter 2
article 1 establishes
article 2 establishes
article 3 establishes
black rights
legislative
executive
judiciary
13 14 15
article 1 establishes
legislative
article 2 establishes
executive
28 terms
Politics & Government Chapter 2
Anti-Federalists
Bill of Rights
Checks and Balances
Constitution
opponents of the Constitution were labeled, raised arguments…
In consenting to be governed, the people agree to accept thee…
no institution can act decisively without the support or acqu…
is the fundamental law that defines how a government will leg…
Anti-Federalists
opponents of the Constitution were labeled, raised arguments…
Bill of Rights
In consenting to be governed, the people agree to accept thee…
26 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 2 - The Constitution
Anti-Federalist
Amendment requirements
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Rights
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
America's 1st constitution from 1781-1789. it provided a weak…
The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution. They provide for…
Anti-Federalist
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
Amendment requirements
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
25 terms
Chapter 2 Vocab Politics
Constitution
Consent of the governed
Articles of Confederation
New Jersey Plan
A nation's basic law. It creates political institutions, assi…
According to John Locke, the required basis for government. T…
The first constitution of the United States, adopted by Congr…
The proposal at the Constitutional Convention that called for…
Constitution
A nation's basic law. It creates political institutions, assi…
Consent of the governed
According to John Locke, the required basis for government. T…
9 terms
Chapter 2 Politics
Which voters decide the general electi…
To do well in the General Election, wh…
Ground wars
Air wars
Moderates
Ground/air wars and debates
get people to vote
payed advertising, any media
Which voters decide the general electi…
Moderates
To do well in the General Election, wh…
Ground/air wars and debates
21 terms
Chapter 2 'Global Politics'
Modernization
Feudalism
Renaissance
(the) Enlightenment
The process though which societies become 'modern' or 'develo…
A system of agrarian-based production that is characterized b…
From the French, literally meaning 'rebirth'; a cultural move…
An intellectual movement that challenged traditional beliefs…
Modernization
The process though which societies become 'modern' or 'develo…
Feudalism
A system of agrarian-based production that is characterized b…
26 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 2 - The Constitution
Anti-Federalist
Amendment requirements
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Rights
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
America's 1st constitution from 1781-1789. it provided a weak…
The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution. They provide for…
Anti-Federalist
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
Amendment requirements
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
22 terms
Politics chapter 2
what are the Articles of Confederation?
Define confederation
What was the Virginia Plan
What was the New Jersey Plan
They are Americas first written constitution; served as the b…
A system of government in which states retain sovereign autho…
It called for representation in the national legislature base…
It called for equal representation in the national legislatur…
what are the Articles of Confederation?
They are Americas first written constitution; served as the b…
Define confederation
A system of government in which states retain sovereign autho…
34 terms
Politics in America - Chapter 2
Political Culture
Values
Beliefs
Subcultures
Widely shared views about who should govern, for what ends, a…
Shared ideas about what is good and desirable
Shared ideas about what is true
Variations on the prevailing values and beliefs in a society
Political Culture
Widely shared views about who should govern, for what ends, a…
Values
Shared ideas about what is good and desirable
22 terms
Politics Chapter 2
Articles of Confederation
confederation
Virginia Plan
New Jersey Plan
America's first written constitution; served as the basis for…
a system of government in which states retain sovereign autho…
a framework for the Constitution, introduced by Edmund Randol…
a framework for the Constitution, introduced by William Pater…
Articles of Confederation
America's first written constitution; served as the basis for…
confederation
a system of government in which states retain sovereign autho…
33 terms
World Politics Chapter 2&3
Power
Influence
Capability
Soft Power
Influence and Capability
The ability to get another actor to do what he/she would not…
- Specific characteristics or possessions of states... - Easier…
A persuasive approach to international relations, typically i…
Power
Influence and Capability
Influence
The ability to get another actor to do what he/she would not…
26 terms
Politics Chapter 2
Majoritarian Model
UK crown/monarchy
Magna Carta
English Civil War
Virtual unchecked power of parliament in the UK political sys…
British Monarchy and sometimes the British state (PM and cabi…
Doc. Signed by King John that limited power of monarchy (1215)
Conflict between Parliament and the monarch that temporarily…
Majoritarian Model
Virtual unchecked power of parliament in the UK political sys…
UK crown/monarchy
British Monarchy and sometimes the British state (PM and cabi…
21 terms
World Politics Chapter 2
Interests
Actors
State
Sovereignty
What actors want to achieve through political action; their p…
The basic unit for the analysis of international politics; ca…
A central authority with the ability to make and enforce laws…
The expectation that states have legal and political supremac…
Interests
What actors want to achieve through political action; their p…
Actors
The basic unit for the analysis of international politics; ca…
8 terms
Comparative politics chapter 2
Empirical analysis
Variable
Dependent variable
Independent variable
Building knowledge by discovering, describing, and explaining…
Element or feature that can vary or change, that can take on…
In a cause and effect relationship, the variable whose change…
In a cause and effect relationship, the casual or explanatory…
Empirical analysis
Building knowledge by discovering, describing, and explaining…
Variable
Element or feature that can vary or change, that can take on…
29 terms
American Politics Chapter 2
Stamp Act
Five Sectors of Society
Sugar Act
Boston Massacre
(1765) Required all printed and legal documents, including ne…
1. the new england merchants... 2. the southern planters... 3. The…
(1764) taxed sugar, molasses, and other commodities, most hea…
When shopkeepers, small farmers, laborers, artisans, merchant…
Stamp Act
(1765) Required all printed and legal documents, including ne…
Five Sectors of Society
1. the new england merchants... 2. the southern planters... 3. The…
22 terms
American Politics- Chapter 2
Articles of Confederation
confederation
Virginia Plan
New Jersey Plan
America's first written constitution; served as the basis for…
a system of government in which states retains sovereign auth…
a framework for the Constitution, introduced by Edmund Randol…
a framework for the Constitution, introduced by William Pater…
Articles of Confederation
America's first written constitution; served as the basis for…
confederation
a system of government in which states retains sovereign auth…
23 terms
Government & Politics Chapter 2 Vocab
amendment
Antifederalists
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Attainder
A new provision in the Constitution that has been ratified by…
Those who favored a weaker national government
A weak constitution that governed America during and immediat…
A law that declares a person, without trial, to be guilty of…
amendment
A new provision in the Constitution that has been ratified by…
Antifederalists
Those who favored a weaker national government
American Politics Chapter 2
Mayflower Compact
Bill of Rights
First Continental Congress
Second Continental Congress
A contract that was used aboard the mayflower to create laws…
First ten amendments in the constitution
A gathering of representatives from all of the colonies but G…
A second gathering of representatives from all of the colonie…
Mayflower Compact
A contract that was used aboard the mayflower to create laws…
Bill of Rights
First ten amendments in the constitution
14 terms
International Politics Chapter 2
Actors
State
National Interests
Coordination
The basic unit for the analysis of international politics; ca…
A central authority with the ability to make and enforce laws…
Interests attributed to the state itself, usually security an…
A type of cooperative interaction in which actors benefit fro…
Actors
The basic unit for the analysis of international politics; ca…
State
A central authority with the ability to make and enforce laws…
41 terms
World Politics, Chapter 2
theory
paradigm
diagnostic value
prescriptive value
set of conclusions derived from assumptions and evidence abou…
dominant way of looking at a particular subject judges what i…
helps policy makers asses issues by identifying patterns
provides framework for conceptualizing strategies and policy…
theory
set of conclusions derived from assumptions and evidence abou…
paradigm
dominant way of looking at a particular subject judges what i…
13 terms
American Politics Chapter 2
Articles of Confederation and Perpetua…
Great Compromise
Three-Fifths Compromise
Bicameralism
America's first written constitution. Adopted by the Continen…
An agreement reached at the Constitutional Convention of 1787…
An agreement reached at the Constitutional Convention of 1787…
The devision of a legislative assembly into two chambers, or…
Articles of Confederation and Perpetua…
America's first written constitution. Adopted by the Continen…
Great Compromise
An agreement reached at the Constitutional Convention of 1787…
21 terms
World Politics Chapter 2
interests
actors
state
sovereignty
what actors want to achieve through political action; their p…
the basic unit for the analysis of international politics; ca…
a central authority with the ability to make and enforce laws…
the expectation that states have legal and political supremac…
interests
what actors want to achieve through political action; their p…
actors
the basic unit for the analysis of international politics; ca…
29 terms
Politics Chapter 2: Constitution
Article 1
Article 1, section 8 Necessary and pro…
Article 2
Article 3
Article of the Constitution that defines the Legislative Bran…
Gives congress the power to make laws it finds necessary
Article of the Constitution that defines the Executive Branch…
Article of the Constitution that sets up the Judicial Branch…
Article 1
Article of the Constitution that defines the Legislative Bran…
Article 1, section 8 Necessary and pro…
Gives congress the power to make laws it finds necessary
15 terms
American Politics Chapter 2
What do Constitutions Accomplish?
Articles of Confederation
Virginia Plan
New Jersey Plan
1. legal codes applied to everyone in a unbiased manner.... 2. t…
the first constitution of the U.S; provided only limited powe…
during the Constitution convention in 1787... -working draft for…
-an alternative at the CC... -focused on amending, rather than r…
What do Constitutions Accomplish?
1. legal codes applied to everyone in a unbiased manner.... 2. t…
Articles of Confederation
the first constitution of the U.S; provided only limited powe…
27 terms
Comparative Politics - Chapter 2
correlation va. causation
theory
normative theory vs. empirical theory
hypothesis
observing factors that accompany each other vs. an argument t…
general set of explanatory claims about some specifiable empi…
deals with questions about morals and beliefs (what is the be…
a specific prediction, derived from a theory, that can be tes…
correlation va. causation
observing factors that accompany each other vs. an argument t…
theory
general set of explanatory claims about some specifiable empi…
11 terms
Chapter 2 Political Dictionary
Magna Carta
Proprietary
Albany Plan of Union
Framers
(1215) a charter of liberties (freedoms) that King John "Lack…
characteristic of an owner of property
plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unit…
Group of delegates who drafted the United States Constitution…
Magna Carta
(1215) a charter of liberties (freedoms) that King John "Lack…
Proprietary
characteristic of an owner of property
20 terms
Politics Quiz Chapter 2
Regarding the status of people in a co…
According to the text, James Madison f…
______ is the ability of someone to cr…
The necessary conditions for a workabl…
authoritarian; non-authoritarian
False
dissent
social mobility... avenues for peaceful dissent
Regarding the status of people in a co…
authoritarian; non-authoritarian
According to the text, James Madison f…
False
14 terms
Environmental Politics Chapter 2
Dominant social paradigm
Cost/benefit analysis
Externalized costs
Solidarity benefits
(DSP) The view that humans are superior to other all other sp…
Cost-benefit analysis (CBA), sometimes called benefit-cost an…
costs of production that someone else pays. For example, one…
is unity (as of a group or class) which produces or is based…
Dominant social paradigm
(DSP) The view that humans are superior to other all other sp…
Cost/benefit analysis
Cost-benefit analysis (CBA), sometimes called benefit-cost an…
10 terms
Global Politics Chapter 2
30 Years War
Peace of Westphalia
Sovereign Equality
Society of States
War fought in Germany... Fought over political issues such as re…
Ended the 30 Years War
The idea that countries have the same right to sovereignty
Idea of an association of sovereign states based on their com…
30 Years War
War fought in Germany... Fought over political issues such as re…
Peace of Westphalia
Ended the 30 Years War
40 terms
chapter 2 international politics
Idealism
Realism
multipolar system
Balance of power
Liberalism, cooperation, interdependence, individual rights,i…
Power struggle, territory, wealth, resources, zero-zum game,…
Govern political reaction among Europeans. A world political…
A concept that describes the degree of equilibrium (balance)…
Idealism
Liberalism, cooperation, interdependence, individual rights,i…
Realism
Power struggle, territory, wealth, resources, zero-zum game,…
16 terms
Politics Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Representative Assembly
Natural Rights
Social Contract
Unicameral Legislature
legislature composed of individuals who represent the populat…
Rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on g…
voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their rights…
legislature with only one legislature chamber as opposed to a…
Representative Assembly
legislature composed of individuals who represent the populat…
Natural Rights
Rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on g…
13 terms
international politics chapter 2
cult of the offensive
Entente Cordiale
iron-rye coalition
liberal nationalism
a belief in the advantage of using military power offensively
an agreement signed in 1904 between Great Britain and France…
a domestic coalition of military and agricultural interests t…
a form of nineteenth-century nationalism that focused on poli…
cult of the offensive
a belief in the advantage of using military power offensively
Entente Cordiale
an agreement signed in 1904 between Great Britain and France…
33 terms
International Politics (Chapter 2)
interests
power or security, economic or materia…
power or security
economic or material welfare
what actors want to achieve through political action; their p…
what are the three categories in which analysts group interes…
at this level, all political actors are understood to require…
at this level, political actors are presumed to desire a high…
interests
what actors want to achieve through political action; their p…
power or security, economic or materia…
what are the three categories in which analysts group interes…
53 terms
Government & Politics- Chapter 2
Representative Assembly
Natural Rights
What are the Natural rights?
Social Contract
A legislature composed of individuals who represent the popul…
rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on g…
Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their right…
Representative Assembly
A legislature composed of individuals who represent the popul…
Natural Rights
rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on g…
Chapter 2: Comparative Politics
asymmetric federalism
autonomy
capacity
charismatic legitimacy
When power is divided unevenly between regional bodies; for e…
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
The ability of the state to wield power to carry out basic ta…
Legitimacy built on the force of ideas embodied by an individ…
asymmetric federalism
When power is divided unevenly between regional bodies; for e…
autonomy
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
Chapter 2: Politics
Representative Government
Social Contract
Inalienable (Natural) Rights
Constitution
A gov in which the people of the govern through the selection…
A voluntary agreement by individuals to form a government tha…
Those rights that people theoretically possessed in the state…
The fundamental law that defines how a government will legiti…
Representative Government
A gov in which the people of the govern through the selection…
Social Contract
A voluntary agreement by individuals to form a government tha…
15 terms
AP Government and Politics - Chapter 2
Natural
Separation of powers
Checks and balances
Divided government
God's or nature's law that defines right from wrong and is hi…
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
Constitutional grant of powers that enables each of the three…
Governance divided between the parties, especially when one h…
Natural
God's or nature's law that defines right from wrong and is hi…
Separation of powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
11 terms
Comparative politics chapter 2
Policy adjudication
Policy implementation
Policy level
Policymaking
The legal process by which an arbiter or judge reviews eviden…
The stage of policy making between the establishment of a pol…
The level at which policy making decisions are made in any gi…
The act of creating laws or setting standards for a governmen…
Policy adjudication
The legal process by which an arbiter or judge reviews eviden…
Policy implementation
The stage of policy making between the establishment of a pol…
Politics: Chapter 2-Politics and Choice
Creative Breakthrough
Extensive Republic
Faction
Freedom
The significantly fruitful resolution of a problem that conve…
Madison's term for a federal republic governing a large terri…
Self-interested group that acts in ways inconsistent with the…
Power over one's destiny, interpreted negatively as the absen…
Creative Breakthrough
The significantly fruitful resolution of a problem that conve…
Extensive Republic
Madison's term for a federal republic governing a large terri…
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