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Study sets matching "politics chapter 7"

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Study sets matching "politics chapter 7"

13 terms
Comparative Politics. Chapter 7. Religion and Politics
Protestant Reformation
religious pluralism
Second Vatican Council
Arab
a sixteenth-century divi- sion within Christianity that resul…
Accepting all religions as having an equal right to co-exist
1965 meeting of Catholic authorities from around the world th…
an ethnic group defined by language and geographic location,…
Protestant Reformation
a sixteenth-century divi- sion within Christianity that resul…
religious pluralism
Accepting all religions as having an equal right to co-exist
12 terms
chapter 7 politics
protectionism
trade barriers
tariff
quota
The imposition of barriers to restrict imports. Commonly used…
Any government limitation on the international exchange of go…
A tax imposed on imports;this raises the domestic price of th…
Quantitative limit placed on the import of particular goods.
protectionism
The imposition of barriers to restrict imports. Commonly used…
trade barriers
Any government limitation on the international exchange of go…
16 terms
Politics Chapter 7 Vocab
broadcast media
media monopoly
penny press
news aggregator
TV, radio, pr other media that transmits audio & or video con…
the ownership & control of the media by a few large corporati…
cheap, tabloid-style newspaper produced in the 19th century w…
an app or feed that collects web content in one location for…
broadcast media
TV, radio, pr other media that transmits audio & or video con…
media monopoly
the ownership & control of the media by a few large corporati…
33 terms
Politics Chapter 7; Vocab
Direct Democracy
Indirect Democracy
Election
Ballot
political system in which citizens are directly involved in t…
political system of representation in which citizens elect a…
a form of choosing political representatives whereby individu…
card used to cast a vote; ballots are kept ins designated bal…
Direct Democracy
political system in which citizens are directly involved in t…
Indirect Democracy
political system of representation in which citizens elect a…
13 terms
Chapter 7 Politics
Free rider program
Early interest groups
Types of interest groups
PAC
When someone benefits when they have not contributed. Cotizen…
Grange
Economic ... Professional ... Social... Power groups
Cannot donate money directly but can run ads attacking other…
Free rider program
When someone benefits when they have not contributed. Cotizen…
Early interest groups
Grange
16 terms
Politics Chapter 7
Intrest Groups
Why do people join interest groups?
Free Rider Problem
Interest groups =
An organized group of people sharing common objectives who at…
Solidary incentives... Material incentives... Purposive incentives
The difficulty interest groups face in recruiting members whe…
Policy specialist... Influence elections, but don't compete for…
Intrest Groups
An organized group of people sharing common objectives who at…
Why do people join interest groups?
Solidary incentives... Material incentives... Purposive incentives
27 terms
Politics Chapter 7
Why is the presidential power to appoi…
What three things do presidents normal…
Reasoning (appointing judges)
Decision Making (appointing judges)
Because elect over 1,000+ judges who have life tenure
1. Reasoning ... 2. Decision Making... 3. Judicial Ideology
the way judges use judicial reasoning
what do they support, what cases do they hear
Why is the presidential power to appoi…
Because elect over 1,000+ judges who have life tenure
What three things do presidents normal…
1. Reasoning ... 2. Decision Making... 3. Judicial Ideology
The Logic of American Politics - Chapter 7
Brownlow Report
Central Clearance
Chief of Staff System
Commander in Chief
Report issued in 1937 by the President's Committee on Adminis…
A presidential directive requiring that all executive agency…
The means by which a chain of command is imposed on the presi…
The title that is given to the president by the Constitution…
Brownlow Report
Report issued in 1937 by the President's Committee on Adminis…
Central Clearance
A presidential directive requiring that all executive agency…
58 terms
Chapter 7 Politics
A political party is an organization
What is the ultimate success for polit…
Incumbents in Congress
Which of the following statements abou…
that tries to influence the government by getting its members…
winning elections
typically raise three times the money for their political cam…
Republicans have paid much more attention to party building t…
A political party is an organization
that tries to influence the government by getting its members…
What is the ultimate success for polit…
winning elections
12 terms
Comparative Politics Chapter 7
Primordialist Arguments
Constructivist Arguments
Cultural Modernization Theory
Civic Culture
Arguments that treat culture as something that is objective a…
Treat culture as something that is constructed or invented ra…
Argues that socioeconomic development does not directly cause…
Conceptualized as a shared cluster of attitudes that includes…
Primordialist Arguments
Arguments that treat culture as something that is objective a…
Constructivist Arguments
Treat culture as something that is constructed or invented ra…
14 terms
Chapter 7 Comparative Politics
Authoritarianism
Authoritarian Regime
Democratic Breakdown
Authoritarian persistence
a form of government or regime that is non democratic
A non-democratic regime
the transition from a democratic to non-democratic regime
the ongoing continuation of an authoritarian regime, such tha…
Authoritarianism
a form of government or regime that is non democratic
Authoritarian Regime
A non-democratic regime
20 terms
American Politics Chapter 7
expressed power
delegated powers
inherent powers
commander in chief
The powers enumerated in the Constitution that are granted to…
Constitutional powers assigned to one government agency but e…
Powers claimed by a president that are not expressed in the C…
The power of the president as commander of the national milit…
expressed power
The powers enumerated in the Constitution that are granted to…
delegated powers
Constitutional powers assigned to one government agency but e…
21 terms
Politics Chapter 7
mass media
wire service
yellow journalism
investigative journalists
sources that provide information to the average citizen, such…
an organization that gathers news and sells it to other media…
a style of newspaper popular in the late 1800s that featured…
reporters who dig deeply into a particular topic of public co…
mass media
sources that provide information to the average citizen, such…
wire service
an organization that gathers news and sells it to other media…
16 terms
International Politics Chapter 7
Comparative Advantage
Absolute Advantage
Basic Factors of Production
Heckscher-Ohlin Trade Theory
The ability of a country or firm to produce a particular good…
The ability of a country or firm to produce more of a particu…
Land, Labor, Capital for Investment, and Human Capital
The theory that a country will export goods that make intensi…
Comparative Advantage
The ability of a country or firm to produce a particular good…
Absolute Advantage
The ability of a country or firm to produce more of a particu…
51 terms
Chapter 7 The Politics and Government of the U.S.
Illustration
Interpret
Consent
Procedure
1. an example serving to clarify or prove something... 2. a vis…
1. explain the meaning of (information, words, or actions).... e…
1. (noun)permission for something to happen or agreement to d…
an established or official way of doing something
Illustration
1. an example serving to clarify or prove something... 2. a vis…
Interpret
1. explain the meaning of (information, words, or actions).... e…
37 terms
Politics Chapter 7
Czar
Orthodox Christianity
Slavic
Ivan the Terrible
Russian emperor who exercised power over the nation's land an…
A variant of Christianity separate from the RC and Prot., ori…
...
Ruled following independence from Mongol rule. Rule lead to t…
Czar
Russian emperor who exercised power over the nation's land an…
Orthodox Christianity
A variant of Christianity separate from the RC and Prot., ori…
International Politics- Chapter 7
comparative advantage
absolute advtantage
heckscher- ohlin trade theory
protectionism
the ability of a country or firm to produce a particular good…
the ability of a country or firm to produce more of a particu…
the theory that a country will export goods that make intensi…
the imposition of barriers to restrict imports
comparative advantage
the ability of a country or firm to produce a particular good…
absolute advtantage
the ability of a country or firm to produce more of a particu…
Chapter 7: Comparative Politics
guerrilla war
ideational
nihilism
political violence
A conflict whereby nonstate combatants who largely abide by t…
Having to do with ideas
A belief that all institutions and values are essentially mea…
Violence outside of state control that is politically motivated
guerrilla war
A conflict whereby nonstate combatants who largely abide by t…
ideational
Having to do with ideas
12 terms
World politics chapter 7
Security dilemma
Relative deprivation
New wars
Remittance
The orginial action, intended to make the stateor actor more…
Comparing ones wealth to another's
Less clean, not state stuff, killing civilians, more human ri…
A transfer of money by an expatriate to persons in his or her…
Security dilemma
The orginial action, intended to make the stateor actor more…
Relative deprivation
Comparing ones wealth to another's
7 terms
Global Politics Chapter 7
Examples of Nongovernmental Organizati…
Transnational Relations
International nongovernmental organiza…
Global/Transnational Civil Society
Amnesty International, Doctors Without Borders
Interactions across national boundaries when at least one act…
Formal nongovernmental organizations with members from at lea…
Citizens and groups that are neither in the public sector or…
Examples of Nongovernmental Organizati…
Amnesty International, Doctors Without Borders
Transnational Relations
Interactions across national boundaries when at least one act…
43 terms
International Politics (Chapter 7)
comparative advantage
absolute advantage
Heckscher-Ohlin Trade Theory
land, labor (unskilled), capital for i…
the ability of a country or firm to produce a particular good…
the ability of a country or firm to produce more of a particu…
the theory that a country will export goods that make intensi…
what are the four factors of production that are taken into c…
comparative advantage
the ability of a country or firm to produce a particular good…
absolute advantage
the ability of a country or firm to produce more of a particu…
Chapter 7: Politics
Suffrage
Voter turnout
Registration
Apathy
The right to vote
The proportion of persons of voting age who actually vote in…
The practice of placing citizens' names on an official list o…
A feeling of personal disinterest in or lack of concern with…
Suffrage
The right to vote
Voter turnout
The proportion of persons of voting age who actually vote in…
9 terms
World Politics Chapter 7
Terrorism
Purpose of Terrorism
Logic of Suicide Terrorism
Countering Suicide Terrorism
- Political violence that targets civilians deliberately and…
"to demoralize a civilian population in order to use its disc…
- Suicide bombings are inexpensive and guarantee media covera…
- Heavy use of intelligence... - Confidence building in communit…
Terrorism
- Political violence that targets civilians deliberately and…
Purpose of Terrorism
"to demoralize a civilian population in order to use its disc…
17 terms
Politics chapter 7 vocab
Political elites
Poll
Exit polling
Gender gap
persons with a disproportionate share of political power.
a survey of public opinion.
polls based on interviews conducted on Election Day with rand…
the discrepancy in opportunities, status, attitudes, etc., be…
Political elites
persons with a disproportionate share of political power.
Poll
a survey of public opinion.
16 terms
US Politics Chapter 7
broadcast media
media monopoly
penny press
news aggregator
television, radio, or other media that transmit audio and/or…
the ownership and control of the media by a few large corpora…
cheap, tabloid-style newspaper produced in the nineteenth cen…
an application or feed that collects web content such as news…
broadcast media
television, radio, or other media that transmit audio and/or…
media monopoly
the ownership and control of the media by a few large corpora…
28 terms
Chapter 7 politics
Cabinet
chief administrator
chief foreign policy maker
chief of staff
a presidential advisory group selected by the president, made…
the presidents executive role as the head of federal agencies…
the presidents executive role as the primary shaper of relati…
the person who oversees the operations of all white house sta…
Cabinet
a presidential advisory group selected by the president, made…
chief administrator
the presidents executive role as the head of federal agencies…
35 terms
World Politics Chapter 7
War
Conflict
Armed Conflict
Intraspecific Aggression
A condition arising within states (civil war) or between stat…
Discord, often arising in international relations over percei…
Combat between the military forces of two or more states or g…
killing members of one's own species
War
A condition arising within states (civil war) or between stat…
Conflict
Discord, often arising in international relations over percei…
11 terms
American Politics: Chapter 7
Bureaucracy
Implementation
Clientele agency
Regulatory agencies
the complex structure of offices, task, rules, and principles…
The efforts of departments and agencies to translate laws int…
A department or Bureau of government whose mission is to prom…
A department, Bureau, or independent agency whose primary mis…
Bureaucracy
the complex structure of offices, task, rules, and principles…
Implementation
The efforts of departments and agencies to translate laws int…
24 terms
Comparative Politics Chapter 7
Closed-list Proportional Representation
Open-list Proportional Representation
Collective Action Problem
Party System
Electoral system in which each party presents a ranked list o…
Electoral system with multiple candidates in each district; v…
The unwillingness of individuals to undertake political actio…
The number of parties and each other's respective strength as…
Closed-list Proportional Representation
Electoral system in which each party presents a ranked list o…
Open-list Proportional Representation
Electoral system with multiple candidates in each district; v…
39 terms
Chapter 7 American Politics
Roles of the president
**What does Hillary Clinton do?
President as party chief and super pol…
Eisenhower's biggest success:
- Head of the state: Hillary Clinton ... - Chief executive: Admi…
She is the Secretary of State, appointed by the President wit…
- President as chief of party... - Power to persuade: If unable…
interstate highways
Roles of the president
- Head of the state: Hillary Clinton ... - Chief executive: Admi…
**What does Hillary Clinton do?
She is the Secretary of State, appointed by the President wit…
6 terms
Chapter 7 Religion and Politics
Protestantism
Catholicism
civil law code
partition
Affinity: Doctrine has historically supported religious plura…
Affinity: Post-1965, affirmed individuals' right to religious…
a set of laws that covers issues pertaining to private proper…
the creation of two separate sovereign states out of a territ…
Protestantism
Affinity: Doctrine has historically supported religious plura…
Catholicism
Affinity: Post-1965, affirmed individuals' right to religious…
12 terms
US Politics Chapter 7
Constituency
Congressional Oversight
Reapportionment
Redistricting
the voters in a state or district
a committee's investigation of the executive and of governmen…
a reallocation of congressional seats among the states every…
process of dividing states into legislative districts
Constituency
the voters in a state or district
Congressional Oversight
a committee's investigation of the executive and of governmen…
9 terms
Chapter 7 Politics vocab
Political Participation
Suffrage
Voter turnout
Apathy
Involvement in activates intended to influence public policy…
The right to vote.
The proportion of persons of voting age who actually vote in…
A feeling of personal disinterest in or lack of concern with…
Political Participation
Involvement in activates intended to influence public policy…
Suffrage
The right to vote.
36 terms
World Politics - Chapter 7
war
conflict
armed conflict
intraspecific aggression
a condition arising within states (civil war) or between stat…
discord often arising in international relations over perceiv…
combat between the military forces of two or more states or g…
killing members of one's own species
war
a condition arising within states (civil war) or between stat…
conflict
discord often arising in international relations over perceiv…
16 terms
Politics Chapter 7
Newspapers
small number of big corporations
Digital Citizenship
Niche Journalism
Play an important role in American politics because they are…
Most daily newspaper and local television stations are owned by
Requires high-speed internet access and the skills to use and…
News reporting that is targeted in its content toward a narro…
Newspapers
Play an important role in American politics because they are…
small number of big corporations
Most daily newspaper and local television stations are owned by
24 terms
Chapter 7 politics
Bicameral Legislature
Cohabitation
Delegate
Divided Government
A legislature with two houses.
Under the French political system, when the president is from…
Representative who attempts to do exactly what his or her con…
When one political party controls the presidency and another…
Bicameral Legislature
A legislature with two houses.
Cohabitation
Under the French political system, when the president is from…
16 terms
Politics Chapter 7
broadcast media
media monopoly
penny press
news aggregator
television, radio, or other media that transmit audio and/or…
ownership and control of the media by a few large corporations
cheap tabloid style 19th century newspaper became possible du…
application or fed that collects web content such as news hea…
broadcast media
television, radio, or other media that transmit audio and/or…
media monopoly
ownership and control of the media by a few large corporations
53 terms
Politics- Chapter 7
politically motivated violence
explanations for why people engage in…
institutional
ideational
revolutions, wars, terrorism, riots, strikes
institutional, ideological, and individual
some institutions create violence by marginalizing the popula…
ideas set out to a world view, diagnose problems, provide res…
politically motivated violence
revolutions, wars, terrorism, riots, strikes
explanations for why people engage in…
institutional, ideological, and individual
26 terms
Politics Chapter 7
Parliamentary System
Mixed Regime
No-confidence vote
Party Discipline
Contrast to US model and separation of powers... Fusion of power…
Different branches of gov. represent different social classes
legislative vote to remove or keep current gov.
tendency of legislators to vote as a block with fellow party…
Parliamentary System
Contrast to US model and separation of powers... Fusion of power…
Mixed Regime
Different branches of gov. represent different social classes
32 terms
chapter 7 politics
interest group
political party
lobbyist
social movement
an organized group of individuals sharing common objectives w…
A group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
A person who is employed by and acts for an organized interes…
A widely shared demand for change in some aspect of the socia…
interest group
an organized group of individuals sharing common objectives w…
political party
A group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
26 terms
Chapter 7 (Part 2): American Government and Politics Today - Political Parties
dealignment
Democratic Party
divided government
electoral college
A decline in party loyalties that reduces long-term party com…
One of the two major American political parties evolving out…
A situation in which one major political party controls the p…
A group of persons, called electors, who are selected by the…
dealignment
A decline in party loyalties that reduces long-term party com…
Democratic Party
One of the two major American political parties evolving out…
25 terms
Politics Chapter 7
Brownlow report
central clearance
chief of staff system
commander in chief
Report issued in 1937 by the President's Committee on Adminis…
A presidential directive requiring that all executive agency…
The means by which a chain of command is imposed on the presi…
The title that is given to the president by the Constitution…
Brownlow report
Report issued in 1937 by the President's Committee on Adminis…
central clearance
A presidential directive requiring that all executive agency…
19 terms
AM Politics Chapter 7
interest groups
lobbyist
social movement
latent interests
organized groups of individuals sharing common objectives who…
an organization or individual who attempts influence legislat…
a movement that represents the demands of a large segment of…
public policy interests that are not recognized or addressed…
interest groups
organized groups of individuals sharing common objectives who…
lobbyist
an organization or individual who attempts influence legislat…
16 terms
Politics Chapter 7
High Tech Politics
Mass Media
Media Events
Press Conferences
A politcs in which the behavior of citizens and policymaker a…
Television, radio, newspapers, magazines, and the other means…
Events that are purposely staged for the media and that are s…
Meetings of public officials with reporters.
High Tech Politics
A politcs in which the behavior of citizens and policymaker a…
Mass Media
Television, radio, newspapers, magazines, and the other means…
42 terms
Politics Chapter 7 Vocab
Party Polarization
Speaker of the House
Seniority System
Standing Committees
greater ideological (liberal vs conservative) differences bet…
the leader of the majority party who serves as the presiding…
the accumulation of power and authority in conjunction with t…
permanent committees responsible for legislation in particula…
Party Polarization
greater ideological (liberal vs conservative) differences bet…
Speaker of the House
the leader of the majority party who serves as the presiding…
12 terms
Politics chapter 7
Constituency
Pork barrel
Redistricting
Gerrymandering
The voters in a state or district
Public works projects and grants for specific districts paid…
Process of dividing states into legislative districts
Redistricting to benefit a particular group
Constituency
The voters in a state or district
Pork barrel
Public works projects and grants for specific districts paid…
9 terms
Chapter 7- Politics
Presidential Memorandum
"Going Public"
George W. Bush (Republican): Sixty Sto…
FDR: Fireside Chat
similar to bureaucracy but as to do with education and enviro…
president going out and reaching out to the public and promot…
was trying to reform Social Security (made my FDR) in 2005-20…
○ would talk to the citizens on the radio during the Great De…
Presidential Memorandum
similar to bureaucracy but as to do with education and enviro…
"Going Public"
president going out and reaching out to the public and promot…
22 terms
Politics Vocab Chapter 7
prerogative
cato
Alexander Hamiliton
Whig Model
extraordinary powers that the president may use under certain…
the pseudonym for a group of writers who penned a series of a…
one of the framers of our political system, a close aide to G…
theory of restrained presidential powers; the idea that presi…
prerogative
extraordinary powers that the president may use under certain…
cato
the pseudonym for a group of writers who penned a series of a…
16 terms
Politics Chapter 7
broadcast media
media monopoly
penny press
news aggregator
television, radio, or other media that transmit audio and/or…
the ownership and control of the media by a few large corpora…
cheap, tabloid-style newspaper produced in the nineteenth cen…
an application or feed that collects web content such as news…
broadcast media
television, radio, or other media that transmit audio and/or…
media monopoly
the ownership and control of the media by a few large corpora…
18 terms
Chapter 7 vocab politics
Nomination
General election
Caucus
Direct primary
The process of candidate selection in an electoral system
The regularly scheduled election at which voters make a final…
As a nominating device, a group of like-minded people who mee…
An election held within a party to pick that party's candidat…
Nomination
The process of candidate selection in an electoral system
General election
The regularly scheduled election at which voters make a final…
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