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Study sets matching "politics chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "politics chapter 8"

8 terms
Comparative Politics. Chapter 8. Gender and Politics
Gender
Gender as category
gender as a political process
Traditional gender gap
a concept used to distinguish... the social and cultural charact…
a form of socially constructed political identity that consid…
individual involvement in polit institutions to either preser…
a situation in... a country in which women are more likely to be…
Gender
a concept used to distinguish... the social and cultural charact…
Gender as category
a form of socially constructed political identity that consid…
19 terms
chapter 8 politics
portfolio investment
Foreign Direct Investment
Lenders in capital abundant countries…
.
investors enjoy a fairly secure right to some rate of return…
companies build (or buy) with their own funds productive faci…
higher
Borrowers benefit from getting foreign loans cheaper than pre…
portfolio investment
investors enjoy a fairly secure right to some rate of return…
Foreign Direct Investment
companies build (or buy) with their own funds productive faci…
37 terms
Chapter 8 Politics
Balance of Power
Berlin Conference
Boundary
Capital
1.Distribution of military and economic power that prevents a…
1.During European Imperialism, various European leaders met i…
1.The line or plane indicating the limit or extent of somethi…
1.A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality enjo…
Balance of Power
1.Distribution of military and economic power that prevents a…
Berlin Conference
1.During European Imperialism, various European leaders met i…
10 terms
Politics Chapter 8; Vocab
Opinion Poll
Fourth Estate
Policy Community
Interest Groups
investigation of public opinion conducted by interviewing a s…
the media; the other estates are the clergy, nobles, & common…
collection of actors who have a direct or indirect interests…
groups in a political system that seek to either alter or mai…
Opinion Poll
investigation of public opinion conducted by interviewing a s…
Fourth Estate
the media; the other estates are the clergy, nobles, & common…
11 terms
Politics Chapter 8 Vocab
traditional political participation
protest
suffrage
turnout
activities designed to influence government including voting…
participation that involves assembling crowds to confront a g…
the right to vote (aka franchise)
the percentage of eligible individuals who actually votr
traditional political participation
activities designed to influence government including voting…
protest
participation that involves assembling crowds to confront a g…
29 terms
Chapter 8 Politics
Texas Senate
House of Representatives
Term of Service for House
Term of Service for Senate
31 members
150 members
2yrs
4yrs
Texas Senate
31 members
House of Representatives
150 members
65 terms
Chapter 8 Politics
Grandparents, tall people, and undergr…
The best description of the ideal of p…
James Madison called an interest group…
Which of the following is NOT a functi…
potential interest groups
interests should be free to compete with each other for gover…
faction
to get their members elected to political office
Grandparents, tall people, and undergr…
potential interest groups
The best description of the ideal of p…
interests should be free to compete with each other for gover…
17 terms
Politics Chapter 8
Political Party
Functions of Political Parties
Party Eras
Critical Election
Group (coalition) of like-minded people who seek to control t…
Recruit & Nominate candidates... Organize and Run Elections... Part…
Long periods of time that one party dominates
Electoral "earthquake" where new issues & coalitions emerge
Political Party
Group (coalition) of like-minded people who seek to control t…
Functions of Political Parties
Recruit & Nominate candidates... Organize and Run Elections... Part…
17 terms
American Politics Chapter 8 Vocab
interest group
Faction
pluralists
private interest groups
private organization or voluntary association that seeks to i…
James Madison's term for groups or parties that try to advanc…
a political scientist who views American Politics as best und…
an interest group that seeks to protect or advance material i…
interest group
private organization or voluntary association that seeks to i…
Faction
James Madison's term for groups or parties that try to advanc…
51 terms
Chapter 8 ~ Political Geography
Balkanization
Boundary
Boundary Disputes-definitional
locational
the violent disintegration of a state into smaller states sep…
vertical plane between states that cuts through the rocks bel…
definitional disputes focus on legal language used to establi…
locational disputes are over the interpretation of the bounda…
Balkanization
the violent disintegration of a state into smaller states sep…
Boundary
vertical plane between states that cuts through the rocks bel…
Chapter 8 - Politics of Identity
Ethnicity
Ethnic groups
Race
Nation
Primarily subjective characteristic of 'sameness' shared by g…
Groups based on family, blood relatives, distant ancestors, o…
Arbitrary social category consisting of people who share inhe…
Cultural entity, a sense of social belonging, and ultimate lo…
Ethnicity
Primarily subjective characteristic of 'sameness' shared by g…
Ethnic groups
Groups based on family, blood relatives, distant ancestors, o…
34 terms
International Politics (Chapter 8)
portfolio investments, direct investment
portfolio investment
sovereign lending
foreign direct investment
what are the two broad categories in which the principal vari…
this term refers to investments in a foreign country via the…
most of the portfolio investment that goes into developing co…
this refers to investment in a foreign country via the acquis…
portfolio investments, direct investment
what are the two broad categories in which the principal vari…
portfolio investment
this term refers to investments in a foreign country via the…
30 terms
American Politics Chapter 8
impeachment
chief administrator
cabinet
commander-in-chief
formal charge by the House that the president has committed a…
the president's executive roles as the head of federal agenci…
presidential advisory group selected by the president.... Encomp…
presidents role as the top officer of the country's military…
impeachment
formal charge by the House that the president has committed a…
chief administrator
the president's executive roles as the head of federal agenci…
World Politics Chapter 8
portfolio investments
sovereign lending
foreign direct investments (FDI)
World Bank
investments in a foreign country via the purchase of stocks (…
loans from private financial institutions in one country to s…
investment in a foreign country via the acquisition of a loca…
An important international institution that provides loans at…
portfolio investments
investments in a foreign country via the purchase of stocks (…
sovereign lending
loans from private financial institutions in one country to s…
65 terms
Chapter 8: Political Geography
Political Geography
Geopolitics
Nation
State
the spatial study of the organization and distribution of pol…
the study of the influence of such factors as geography, econ…
a group of people with unifying cultural characteristics and…
this is an area organized into a political unit and ruled by…
Political Geography
the spatial study of the organization and distribution of pol…
Geopolitics
the study of the influence of such factors as geography, econ…
24 terms
Politics Chapter 8
party organization
party in government
party in the electorate
party system
a specific political party's leaders and workers at the natio…
the group of officeholders who belong to a specific political…
the group of citizens who identify with a specific political…
periods in which the names of the major political parties, th…
party organization
a specific political party's leaders and workers at the natio…
party in government
the group of officeholders who belong to a specific political…
17 terms
Comparative Politics Chapter 8
Bottom-Up Democratic Transition
Top Down democratic Transition
Perestroika
Glasnost
One in which the people rise up to overthrow an authoritarian…
One in which the dictatorial ruling elite introduces liberali…
"Economic Restructuring," was a reform policy aimed at libera…
"Openness," a reform policy aimed at increasing political ope…
Bottom-Up Democratic Transition
One in which the people rise up to overthrow an authoritarian…
Top Down democratic Transition
One in which the dictatorial ruling elite introduces liberali…
66 terms
Chapter 8: Political Geography
Self-Determination
Colony
Antarctica
Treaty of Antarctica
The concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themsel…
A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather…
It is the largest land mass in the world not part of a sovere…
Signed in 1959 provides legal framework for managing Antarcti…
Self-Determination
The concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themsel…
Colony
A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather…
12 terms
International Politics Chapter 8
Portfolio Investment
Sovereign Lending
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
World Bank
Investment in a foreign country via the purchase of stocks (e…
Loans from private financial institutions in one country to s…
Investment in a foreign country via the acquisition of a loca…
An important international institution that provides loans at…
Portfolio Investment
Investment in a foreign country via the purchase of stocks (e…
Sovereign Lending
Loans from private financial institutions in one country to s…
16 terms
American Politics Chapter 8
bureaucracy
implementation
rule making
administrative adjudication
The complex structure of offices, tasks, rules, and principle…
The efforts of departments and agencies to translate laws int…
A quasi-legislative administrative process that produces regu…
The application of rules and precedents to specific cases to…
bureaucracy
The complex structure of offices, tasks, rules, and principle…
implementation
The efforts of departments and agencies to translate laws int…
20 terms
Chapter 8 world politics
Collective Goods
Conventional political participation
Communal Activity
Direct Contacting
Material or nonmaterial goods that are shared by large segmen…
Forms of participation regarded as normal democracies, such a…
Collective action at the neighborhood level where fellow citi…
Directly petitioning elective or appointed officials or polit…
Collective Goods
Material or nonmaterial goods that are shared by large segmen…
Conventional political participation
Forms of participation regarded as normal democracies, such a…
38 terms
World Politics - Chapter 8
national security
coercive diplomacy
power potential
opportunity costs
a country's psychological freedom from fears that the state w…
the use of threats or limited armed force to persuade an adve…
the capabilities or resources held by a state that are consid…
the sacrifices that result when the decision to select one op…
national security
a country's psychological freedom from fears that the state w…
coercive diplomacy
the use of threats or limited armed force to persuade an adve…
11 terms
Comparative Politics Chapter 8
Institution
Constitution
Constitutionalism
Constitutional Design
Social or political structure or set of practices including g…
Fundamental and supreme laws, usually written in a charter, t…
the limitation of government through a constitution
features of constitutions that shape the basic features of th…
Institution
Social or political structure or set of practices including g…
Constitution
Fundamental and supreme laws, usually written in a charter, t…
28 terms
Politics Chapter 8 Vocab
political party
platform
grassroots organizing
responsible party model
an organization that recruits, nominates, and elects party me…
the formal statement of a party's principles and policy objec…
tasks that involve direct contact with voters or potential vo…
political scientists view that a function of a party is to of…
political party
an organization that recruits, nominates, and elects party me…
platform
the formal statement of a party's principles and policy objec…
11 terms
US Politics Chapter 8
traditional political population
protest
suffrage
turnout
activities designed to influence government including voting…
participation that involves assembling crowds to confront a g…
the right to vote; also called franchise
the percentage of eligible individuals who actually vote
traditional political population
activities designed to influence government including voting…
protest
participation that involves assembling crowds to confront a g…
27 terms
American Politics: Chapter 8
Criminal law
Civil law
Precedents
Public Law
The branch of law that deals with disputes or actions involvi…
A system of jurisprudence, including private law and governme…
Prior cases whose principles are used by judges as the basis…
Cases involving the action of public agencies or officials
Criminal law
The branch of law that deals with disputes or actions involvi…
Civil law
A system of jurisprudence, including private law and governme…
10 terms
Politics Chapter 8
Traditional political participation
Protest
Suffrage
Turnout
activities designed to influence government including voting…
participation that involves assembling crowds to confront a g…
the right to vote; also called franchise.
the percentage of eligible individuals who actually vote.
Traditional political participation
activities designed to influence government including voting…
Protest
participation that involves assembling crowds to confront a g…
15 terms
Politics Chapter 8
18 to 20 year olds
Digital divide
African Americans
Latino Americans
Which group won voting rights most recently?
Not all citizens have equal access to the internet
Are more likely to participate when they feel a shared sense…
Participation has steadily increased
18 to 20 year olds
Which group won voting rights most recently?
Digital divide
Not all citizens have equal access to the internet
25 terms
Politics Chapter 8
Party Competition
Political Party
electoral party
Organization party
The battle if the parties for control of public offices. Ups…
According to Anthony Down, a "team of men and women seeking t…
Largest component of American political party. (People can re…
Has a national office. Each party maintains state and local h…
Party Competition
The battle if the parties for control of public offices. Ups…
Political Party
According to Anthony Down, a "team of men and women seeking t…
36 terms
Chapter 8 American politics
Profession in Bureaucracy
Size of the Bureaucracy
Staffing the Bureaucracy (history)
Organization of the federal Bureaucracy
o Mail carrier... o Garbage man ... o Police officer ... o Fire fighte…
o Federal Bureaucracy about 2.7 million government employees…
o History of the federal civil service ... • Spoils system: if y…
- Executive branch ... - Independent Executive ... - Independent re…
Profession in Bureaucracy
o Mail carrier... o Garbage man ... o Police officer ... o Fire fighte…
Size of the Bureaucracy
o Federal Bureaucracy about 2.7 million government employees…
14 terms
US Politics Chapter 8
Cabinet
Executive Agreements
Inherent Powers
Cycle Effect
A presidential advisory group selected by the president, made…
Presidential arrangements with other countries that create fo…
Presidential powers implied but not stated explicitly in the…
The predictable rise and fall of a president's popularity at…
Cabinet
A presidential advisory group selected by the president, made…
Executive Agreements
Presidential arrangements with other countries that create fo…
politics chapter 8 terms
signing statement
head of state
head of government
impeachment
statements recorded along with signed legislation clarifying…
the apolitical, unifying role of the president as symbolic re…
the political role of the president as leader of a political…
a formal charge by the house that the president has committed…
signing statement
statements recorded along with signed legislation clarifying…
head of state
the apolitical, unifying role of the president as symbolic re…
27 terms
Global Politics Chapter 8
Security
National security
Widening School of International Secur…
Common security
Implies freedom from threats to core values
Fundamental value in the foreign policy of states secured by…
Extend the definition of security to include economic, politi…
Stresses noncompetitive approaches and cooperative approaches…
Security
Implies freedom from threats to core values
National security
Fundamental value in the foreign policy of states secured by…
17 terms
Politics - Chapter 8 Terms
Dominant ideology perspective on the m…
Framing
Infotainment
Inside Strategies
The view that the major media convey the values of the powerf…
Selecting and highlighting some factors of events or issues,…
The merging of information and entertainment in news and publ…
Strategies in which interest group leaders develop close cont…
Dominant ideology perspective on the m…
The view that the major media convey the values of the powerf…
Framing
Selecting and highlighting some factors of events or issues,…
38 terms
Chapter 8 - Politics
Interest Groups
Proactive Group
Reactive Group
Right of Association
group of citizens who share a common interest
group that forms when an enterprising individual sees an open…
group that forms in response to a perceived threat from anoth…
right to freely associate with others and form groups. protec…
Interest Groups
group of citizens who share a common interest
Proactive Group
group that forms when an enterprising individual sees an open…
33 terms
AM Politics Chapter 8
independent
political party
faction
2-party system
a voter or candidate who does not identify with a political p…
a group of political activists who organize to win elections…
a group or bloc in a legislature or political party that is t…
a political system in which only 2 parties have a reasonable…
independent
a voter or candidate who does not identify with a political p…
political party
a group of political activists who organize to win elections…
19 terms
politics chapter 8
Caucus
Congressional Campaign Committee
Critical Election
Electoral College
A closed meeting of the members of a political party to decid…
An organization maintained by a political party to... raise fund…
An election that produces a sharp change in the existing patt…
A body of electors chosen by voters to cast ballots for presi…
Caucus
A closed meeting of the members of a political party to decid…
Congressional Campaign Committee
An organization maintained by a political party to... raise fund…
21 terms
Politics Chapter 8 Vocab
amicus curiae
attitudinal model
civil case
civil law
briefs (letters to the court) in which those who are not part…
a theoretical model where judicial decisions are primarily de…
a case in which at least one person sues another person for v…
a system of jurisprudence in which authoritative documents de…
amicus curiae
briefs (letters to the court) in which those who are not part…
attitudinal model
a theoretical model where judicial decisions are primarily de…
26 terms
Politics Chapter 8
Mandate
Retrospective voting
Prospective voting
Professionalism
Perception of popular support for a program or policy
Voting for or against a candidate based on past performance
Voting for or against a candidate or party on the expectation…
Officers who's full time occupation is politics
Mandate
Perception of popular support for a program or policy
Retrospective voting
Voting for or against a candidate based on past performance
54 terms
Chapter 8 Texas Politics
Which of the following is the most ess…
According to federal law, the presiden…
when do voters elect candidates to sta…
voters elect all 150 members of the te…
elections
November, even - numbered
every four years, in nonpresidential years
two years
Which of the following is the most ess…
elections
According to federal law, the presiden…
November, even - numbered
64 terms
Politics Chapter 8 Words
la batalla
la campaña
el/la candidato/a
el cargo
battle
campaign
candidate
position
la batalla
battle
la campaña
campaign
47 terms
Chapter 8 - Politics in Britain
The gov. of the ______ _____ was creat…
Brits never met to write a ________, b…
Usually there is one party that gains…
________ raises a problem for parliame…
United Kingdom, Parliament, old, evolution
constitution, unwritten constitution, Victoria, urbanization,…
majority, liberal democrats, conservatives, fixed
Globalization, pound, exports
The gov. of the ______ _____ was creat…
United Kingdom, Parliament, old, evolution
Brits never met to write a ________, b…
constitution, unwritten constitution, Victoria, urbanization,…
12 terms
Politics chapter 8
Signing Statements
Cabinet
Executive orders
Power to persuade
Statement recorded along with signed legislation clarifying t…
A presidential advisory group selected by the president, made…
Clarifications of congressional policy issued by the presiden…
A president's ability to convince congress, other political a…
Signing Statements
Statement recorded along with signed legislation clarifying t…
Cabinet
A presidential advisory group selected by the president, made…
33 terms
chapter 8 politics
presidential primary
primary election
general election
politcal consultant
A statewide primary election of delegates to a political part…
A preliminary election where delegates or nominees are chosen
An election held to choose which candidate will hold office
a paid professional hired to devise a campaign strategy and m…
presidential primary
A statewide primary election of delegates to a political part…
primary election
A preliminary election where delegates or nominees are chosen
15 terms
Chapter 8 politics
Public affairs
Public opinion
Mass media
Peer group
Those events and issues that concern the people at large, e.g…
The complex collection of the opinions of many different peop…
Those means of communication that reach large audiences, espe…
People with whom one regularly associates, including friends,…
Public affairs
Those events and issues that concern the people at large, e.g…
Public opinion
The complex collection of the opinions of many different peop…
12 terms
Understanding the Times- Chapter 8 - Politics
Christianity view of Politics
Islam view of Politics
Secular Humanism view of Politics
Secular Humanism goal of politics
Justice, Freedom, Order: Human governments are instituted by…
Islamic Theocracy: A national government set up under the rul…
Liberalism: A political tradition based on a secular ethic an…
Secular World Government: A non-religious, political body tha…
Christianity view of Politics
Justice, Freedom, Order: Human governments are instituted by…
Islam view of Politics
Islamic Theocracy: A national government set up under the rul…
24 terms
AP Government and Politics Chapter 8
Political party
Party competition
Rational-choice Theory
Party image
According to Anthony Downs, a "team of men [and women] seekin…
The battle of the parties for control of public offices. Ups…
A popular theory in political science to explain the actions…
The voters perception of what Republicans or Democrats stand…
Political party
According to Anthony Downs, a "team of men [and women] seekin…
Party competition
The battle of the parties for control of public offices. Ups…
67 terms
Comparative Government and Politics Chapter 8
Command Economy
Cult of Personality
Historical Materialism
Nomenclatura
An economic system in which the government controls a country…
Promotion of the image of an authoritarian leader not merely…
the part of Marx work suggesting that the eco. base of societ…
"List of names" from which people get jobs in commie societies
Command Economy
An economic system in which the government controls a country…
Cult of Personality
Promotion of the image of an authoritarian leader not merely…
11 terms
Politics chapter 8
In contrast to political parties, inte…
Why is the number of lobbyists increas…
In contrast to a confederation, a cent…
The practice of moving from government…
Indirectly influence government activity
The federal government is growing in size and influence
Deploys the group's resources more efficiently
The revolving door
In contrast to political parties, inte…
Indirectly influence government activity
Why is the number of lobbyists increas…
The federal government is growing in size and influence
29 terms
Politics - Chapter 8
Interest groups
The growth of interest groups reflects
Self-interest groups
Public interest groups
they pursue the common interests of groups of people by tryin…
the activities of government
Groups that represent economic and occupational interests as…
not primarily concerned with gaining specific benefits for th…
Interest groups
they pursue the common interests of groups of people by tryin…
The growth of interest groups reflects
the activities of government
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