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Study sets matching "polysci civil"

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Study sets matching "polysci civil"

Polysci ch 4 Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights:
Civil Liberties:
Civil rights:
Article 1, Section 9 Habeas Corpus:
- 1st 10 amendments to the constitution
- individual rights and personal freedoms in which government…
- protections of citizens equality provided by the government
- court order demanding that an individual in custody be brou…
Bill of Rights:
- 1st 10 amendments to the constitution
Civil Liberties:
- individual rights and personal freedoms in which government…
polysci ch 4 Civil Rights
Civil Rights:
Inherent Characteristics:
Courts 3 test:
Strict Scrutiny Test:
- rights and privileges guaranteed by the government to all c…
-individual characteristics that are part of a persons nature…
1. strict scrutiny ... 2. Heighteed Scrutiny ... 3. Ordinary Scrutiny
-to hear a challenge to laws with suspect classifications
Civil Rights:
- rights and privileges guaranteed by the government to all c…
Inherent Characteristics:
-individual characteristics that are part of a persons nature…
54 terms
Polysci Exam 2- civil liberties
what are civil liberties?
civil liberties are rights which allow…
civil rights also function under the n…
what are civil rights?
freedoms/rights protected by the constitution
free from government interference
Bill of Rights
equal treatment under the law
what are civil liberties?
freedoms/rights protected by the constitution
civil liberties are rights which allow…
free from government interference
21 terms
Polysci Exam 2- civil rights
what are civil rights?
civil rights are concerned with the eq…
13th amendment
14th amendment
equality in law and society
political, social, economiv
ended slavery
equal protection clause
what are civil rights?
equality in law and society
civil rights are concerned with the eq…
political, social, economiv
Polysci
Treaty of Versailles
Election of 1912
Joseph Wilson
Horney's "Neurotic Personality"
ended WW1 - Redefined German Borders and Reperation Payments…
fought between W.W.(D)Roosevelt(P) and Taft(R) - Wilson won -…
W.W.'s Father - Presbyterian Theologian - Served as minister…
Book focused on idea of neuroses brought about by cultural fa…
Treaty of Versailles
ended WW1 - Redefined German Borders and Reperation Payments…
Election of 1912
fought between W.W.(D)Roosevelt(P) and Taft(R) - Wilson won -…
14 terms
Polysci chapter 5
Equality
Slavery
Jim crow laws
Plessy vs ferguson
14 amendment (equal protection of the laws)
250 years of slavery... 13th amendment ended
Segregatin
Separate okay as long as equal
Equality
14 amendment (equal protection of the laws)
Slavery
250 years of slavery... 13th amendment ended
62 terms
polysci
what is politics?
what role does government play in life?
ideology
legitamacy
who gets what, when and how
helps maintain order, prevents chaos, plays big role in life
comprehensive state of beliefs of the role of government
popular acceptance of the right of government to exercise aut…
what is politics?
who gets what, when and how
what role does government play in life?
helps maintain order, prevents chaos, plays big role in life
50 terms
Polysci
Articles of Confederation
Problems associated with Articles of C…
Shay's Rebellion
Great Compromise
-Articles of Confederation set up a "government"... One-house (u…
-9 out of 13 states necessary to pass laws (difficult to do)…
Series of protests by farmers in 1786 and 1787... Rebellion most…
Taking ideas from both the Virginia and New Jersey Plans... Grea…
Articles of Confederation
-Articles of Confederation set up a "government"... One-house (u…
Problems associated with Articles of C…
-9 out of 13 states necessary to pass laws (difficult to do)…
19 terms
polysci chapter 5
Civil Rights
Separate-but-Equal Doctrine
White Primary
Grandfather Clause
Generally, all rights rooted in the Fourteenth Amendment's gu…
The doctrine holding that separate-but-equal facilities do no…
A state primary election that restricted voting to whites onl…
A device used by southern states to disenfranchise African Am…
Civil Rights
Generally, all rights rooted in the Fourteenth Amendment's gu…
Separate-but-Equal Doctrine
The doctrine holding that separate-but-equal facilities do no…
chapter 6 polysci
Civil rights
Dread Scott vs. Sandford
equal protection clause
State action
guarantees of equal opportunities, privileges, and treatment…
supreme court decision in 1857 declaring that neither slaves…
clause in the 14th amendment stating that states are not to d…
supreme court interpretation of the equal protection clause h…
Civil rights
guarantees of equal opportunities, privileges, and treatment…
Dread Scott vs. Sandford
supreme court decision in 1857 declaring that neither slaves…
26 terms
Chapter 5 Polysci
civil rights
13th amendment
14th amendment
equal protection clause
what gov. does to ensure equal protection and freedom from di…
abolished slavery
granted citizenship to freed slaves, guaranteed equality unde…
equal protection of the laws
civil rights
what gov. does to ensure equal protection and freedom from di…
13th amendment
abolished slavery
20 terms
Polysci chapter 13
Bureaucracy
Weberian Model
Acquisitive Model
Monopolistic Model
An organization that is structured hierarchically to carry ou…
A model of bureaucracy developed by the German sociologist Ma…
A model of bureaucracy that views top-level bureaucrats as se…
A model of bureaucracy that compares bureaucracies to monopol…
Bureaucracy
An organization that is structured hierarchically to carry ou…
Weberian Model
A model of bureaucracy developed by the German sociologist Ma…
31 terms
polysci chapter 12
Twelfth Amendment
Head of State
Chief Executive
Civil Service
An amendment to the Constitution, adopted in 1804, that requi…
The role of the president as ceremonial head of the government
The role of the president as head of the executive branch of…
A collective term for the body of employees working for the g…
Twelfth Amendment
An amendment to the Constitution, adopted in 1804, that requi…
Head of State
The role of the president as ceremonial head of the government
89 terms
POLYSCI
Federalism
Horizontal Federalism
New Deal
Heart of Atlanta Motel Case ruling:
The method of organizing government in which a constitution d…
The relationships among state governments themselves. Article…
-FDR began the ____________ administration after the crisis o…
-Refused to rent rooms to blacks... -Justice Tom Clark upheld th…
Federalism
The method of organizing government in which a constitution d…
Horizontal Federalism
The relationships among state governments themselves. Article…
49 terms
final polysci
accommodationists
bad tendency test
bills of attainder
civil liberties
supporters of government nonpreferential accommodation of rel…
rule used by the courts that allows speech to be punished if…
laws under which specific persons or groups are detained and…
individual freedoms guaranteed to the people primarily by the…
accommodationists
supporters of government nonpreferential accommodation of rel…
bad tendency test
rule used by the courts that allows speech to be punished if…
23 terms
POLYSCI 139 FINAL
Capitulations
Tanzimat
Contradictory Promises (Wartime plans…
Sovereignty
Definition: Contracts between the Ottoman Empire and European…
Definition: Ottoman Empire reforms in the 1800s that attempte…
Definition: Series of schemes made by the British and French…
Definition: A state's absolute jurisdiction over its territor…
Capitulations
Definition: Contracts between the Ottoman Empire and European…
Tanzimat
Definition: Ottoman Empire reforms in the 1800s that attempte…
10 terms
Polysci
1
2
3
4
slander, libel, censorship, symbolic speech, prior restraint
militia
quartering
probable cause, warrant, reasonable suspicion, search and sei…
1
slander, libel, censorship, symbolic speech, prior restraint
2
militia
15 terms
polysci
republic
dictatorship
Democracy
Hobbes state of nature
people passing law have consent of governed. is a representat…
not restricted to constitutions or parliaments ... main individu…
People choose their own government and voice of majority rule…
He rejects that man has an innate and inviolable moral compas…
republic
people passing law have consent of governed. is a representat…
dictatorship
not restricted to constitutions or parliaments ... main individu…
9 terms
POLYSCI
Amendment I
Amendment II
Amendment III
Amendment IV
Freedom of religion, speech, press, and assembly
The right to bear arms
Prohibition against quartering of troops in private homes
Prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures
Amendment I
Freedom of religion, speech, press, and assembly
Amendment II
The right to bear arms
28 terms
POLYSCI ... 2
3 ways to become a citizen are
jus soli is the
Jus sanquinis is the
naturalization is the
jus soli... jus sanquinis... naturalization
right of soil, anyone that is born within that territory is a…
right of blood, anyone that is born to a citizen of a state c…
process by which an immigrant is granted citizenship, he proc…
3 ways to become a citizen are
jus soli... jus sanquinis... naturalization
jus soli is the
right of soil, anyone that is born within that territory is a…
90 terms
Polysci Exam 3 Part 2
bureaucracy
department
government corporation
implementation
the complex structure of offices, tasks, rules and principles…
the largest subunits of the executive branch
3rd type of agency--more like private businesses (USPS, Amtrak)
the efforts of departments and agencies to translate laws int…
bureaucracy
the complex structure of offices, tasks, rules and principles…
department
the largest subunits of the executive branch
26 terms
polysci
political culture
political cultures have subcultures
example of subculture
Agents of political socialization
a people's predominant beliefs, attitudes, values, ideals, se…
ethnic... racial... religious... regional
Shi'ites and Sunnis is Iraq
the family... education (ideological reinforcement)... Peer Groups…
political culture
a people's predominant beliefs, attitudes, values, ideals, se…
political cultures have subcultures
ethnic... racial... religious... regional
29 terms
Polysci
Functionalism
Neo-functionalism
League of nations
United nations
The theory that all aspects of a society serve a function and…
When states enter an agreement to cooperate through common in…
The international organization established after ww1.
The international organization established after ww2.
Functionalism
The theory that all aspects of a society serve a function and…
Neo-functionalism
When states enter an agreement to cooperate through common in…
88 terms
polysci
a situation that arises when goals of…
which is not a collective dilemma
ipod is
rule that determines how ppl elected t…
collective dilemma
principal-agent problem
private good
an institution
a situation that arises when goals of…
collective dilemma
which is not a collective dilemma
principal-agent problem
41 terms
polysci
Political party
Civil Society
Primary Elections
One-party system
an organization of people which seeks to achieve goals common…
society considered as a community of citizens linked by commo…
a preliminary election to appoint delegates to a party confer…
a political system in which only one party is allowed.
Political party
an organization of people which seeks to achieve goals common…
Civil Society
society considered as a community of citizens linked by commo…
46 terms
Polysci
legislature
legal positivism
secularism
rule of law
branch of government having power to make laws
a form of legal theory that asserts that law is simply what t…
the removal of religion from a privileged position in the state
the principle that everyone in a state i subject to the same…
legislature
branch of government having power to make laws
legal positivism
a form of legal theory that asserts that law is simply what t…
46 terms
polysci
budget deficits
incumbant advantage
pay in pay out
income security programs
when expenditures exceed revanues
senators serve a much larger constituency than members of the…
social security runs on this, working (young), pay the non-wo…
biggest expenditure in federal budget
budget deficits
when expenditures exceed revanues
incumbant advantage
senators serve a much larger constituency than members of the…
154 terms
polysci
Democracy
Direct democracy
Direct primary
Initiative
government by the people, both directly and indirectly, with…
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
an election in which voters choose party nominees
a procedure whereby a certain number of voters may, by petiti…
Democracy
government by the people, both directly and indirectly, with…
Direct democracy
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
21 terms
Polysci Flashcards
Concurrent Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
Litigant
Concurrent jurisdiction exists where two or more courts from…
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a c…
Appellate jurisdiction is the power of a higher court to revi…
The plaintiffs and defendants are called litigants and the at…
Concurrent Jurisdiction
Concurrent jurisdiction exists where two or more courts from…
Original Jurisdiction
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a c…
22 terms
Polysci2 test 4
527 groups:
astroturf lobbying:
collective good:
direct lobbying:
groups that mobilize voters with issue advocacy advertisement…
indirect lobbying efforts that manipulate or create public se…
a good or service that, by its very nature, cannot be denied…
direct interaction with public officials for the purpose of i…
527 groups:
groups that mobilize voters with issue advocacy advertisement…
astroturf lobbying:
indirect lobbying efforts that manipulate or create public se…
88 terms
Polysci
habeas corpus
civil liberties
due process of law
14th amendment
A constitutional protection against unlawful imprisonment
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens
the right of every citizen against arbitrary action by nation…
Equal protection under the law
habeas corpus
A constitutional protection against unlawful imprisonment
civil liberties
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens
42 terms
4. Civil Liberties & Civil Rights
substantive rights
bad tendency rule
balancing doctrine
bill of attainder
constitutional guarantees essential for personal liberty. fre…
a test used by the supreme court to determine the permissible…
a concept used by judges to weigh the competing interests or…
a legislative act that declares the guilt of an individual an…
substantive rights
constitutional guarantees essential for personal liberty. fre…
bad tendency rule
a test used by the supreme court to determine the permissible…
19 terms
Polysci terms
Lewis 2002
Haklai 2000
Gause 2013
Berman 2003
Islam inherently undemoratic... Manichaeism... People of the book... I…
Minority rule over hostile majority in Syria... Alawi minority r…
Not oil, but oil wealth... Source of instability
Islamist goal of forming an Islamic State
Lewis 2002
Islam inherently undemoratic... Manichaeism... People of the book... I…
Haklai 2000
Minority rule over hostile majority in Syria... Alawi minority r…
21 terms
Polysci Terms
Federalism
Lobbying
National Security Council
The Great Society
division of power between national and state gov
seek to influence a politician on an issue
forum used by president for peaceful consideration of nationa…
domestic programs (with goal of elimination poverty and racia…
Federalism
division of power between national and state gov
Lobbying
seek to influence a politician on an issue
14 terms
Polysci Ch 4 Terms
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Civil Rights Cases
Equal Pay Act (1963)
Supreme Court decision that overturned the "separate but equa…
the most sweeping civil rights legislation since the 1870s, w…
Cases wherein the Supreme Court ruled that Congress did not h…
Legislation that prohibits wage discrimination based on sex.
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
Supreme Court decision that overturned the "separate but equa…
Civil Rights Act of 1964
the most sweeping civil rights legislation since the 1870s, w…
15 terms
Polysci Chapter 4
Civil liberties
Due process clause
Selective incorporation
Freedom of expression
Specific Individual rights
No state shall deny an individual of life/liberty/property wi…
How bill of rights rights become applicable due to the 14th a…
The right of individual Americans to hold and communicate tho…
Civil liberties
Specific Individual rights
Due process clause
No state shall deny an individual of life/liberty/property wi…
26 terms
polysci102 vocab ch14
Administrative adjudication, 443
Administrative discretion, 443
administrative rule making, 443
appropriation law, 443
the process by which agencies resolve disputes over the imple…
the authority delegated to bureaucrats to use their expertise…
the process by which an independent comission or agnecy fills…
a law that provides the plan of action to address a given soc…
Administrative adjudication, 443
the process by which agencies resolve disputes over the imple…
Administrative discretion, 443
the authority delegated to bureaucrats to use their expertise…
40 terms
UNIT 2 POLYSCI
Major functions of political parties
Factors affecting bias
Democrats
Republicans
Act as a watchdog (observe and criticize), perform functions…
Age, gender, ethnicity, religion, economics, personal experie…
In favor of big govt, civil rights, women rights, increasing…
In favor of smaller govt, cutting taxes, pro life, believe in…
Major functions of political parties
Act as a watchdog (observe and criticize), perform functions…
Factors affecting bias
Age, gender, ethnicity, religion, economics, personal experie…
75 terms
Polysci Chapter 5
Civil liberties claims...
Over the past century, determination o…
Where the history of civil rights emph…
The Bill of Rights was designed to...
Dominate today's newspaper headlines and frequently lead tele…
Shifted fro nearly the exclusive jurisdiction of states and c…
The history of civil liberties reminds us that the US is a re…
Limit the capacity of the government to impose conformity cos…
Civil liberties claims...
Dominate today's newspaper headlines and frequently lead tele…
Over the past century, determination o…
Shifted fro nearly the exclusive jurisdiction of states and c…
42 terms
Polysci Chapter 4
Racial Profiling
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
The difference between liberties and r…
Enlisting race or ethnicity as the primary criterion for iden…
The Constitution's protections from government power, meaning…
Represent those protections by government or that government…
Civil rights require government to act, whereas civil liberti…
Racial Profiling
Enlisting race or ethnicity as the primary criterion for iden…
Civil Liberties
The Constitution's protections from government power, meaning…
36 terms
polysci unit 2 chapter 9
rule of law
most distinctive feature of federal ju…
three categories of cases
criminal law
legal principle whereby governmental decisions are made by ap…
it's independence
-criminal law... -civil law... -public law
disputes or actions involving criminal penalties
rule of law
legal principle whereby governmental decisions are made by ap…
most distinctive feature of federal ju…
it's independence
25 terms
ch 10 polysci
substantive laws
procedural laws
procedural due process
criminal laws
laws who's content, or substance, defines what we can or cann…
laws that establish how laws are applied and enforced- how le…
procedural laws that protect the rights of individuals who mu…
laws prohibiting behavior the government has determined to be…
substantive laws
laws who's content, or substance, defines what we can or cann…
procedural laws
laws that establish how laws are applied and enforced- how le…
22 terms
ch 13 polysci
faction
interest group
political action committee (PAC)
lobbying
a group of citizens united by some common passion or interest…
an organization of individuals who share a common political g…
the fundraising arms of interest groups
interest group activities aimed at persuading policymakers to…
faction
a group of citizens united by some common passion or interest…
interest group
an organization of individuals who share a common political g…
66 terms
POLYSCI MODULE 6
citizenship
classical view
Selective Service System
Aristotle
informed and active membership in a political community
categories have necessary and sufficient conditions that have…
The system used in the United States to draft young people in…
A Greek Philosopher, taught Alexander the Great, started a fa…
citizenship
informed and active membership in a political community
classical view
categories have necessary and sufficient conditions that have…
52 terms
Polysci Exam
Civil liberties
Examples of civil liberties
Why was the Bill of Rights created?
Who was the Bill of Rights created to…
individual protections from government intrusion, found in th…
freedom of speech, freedom of press, etc . . .
because the constitution failed to list individual rights
the antifederalists
Civil liberties
individual protections from government intrusion, found in th…
Examples of civil liberties
freedom of speech, freedom of press, etc . . .
70 terms
Polysci Chapter 9
As they prepared to leave office, the…
Writ of Mandamus
Marbury v Madison
The court's ruling in Marbury proved...
The judiciary act of 1801 which increased the number of distr…
A judicial instruction to a government officer
did not immediately strengthen the court's power in its relat…
To be one of the most important supermen court decision in it…
As they prepared to leave office, the…
The judiciary act of 1801 which increased the number of distr…
Writ of Mandamus
A judicial instruction to a government officer
91 terms
Polysci Chapter 8
The solution to the dilemma of delegat…
Congress was left with the task of est…
Throughout American history, Congress…
The remarkably variety of arraignments…
Out system of separated powers which provides distinct checks…
Executive departments and determining how they would be staffed
Created executive branch agencies with authority to implement…
A product of the endless search by congress and the white hou…
The solution to the dilemma of delegat…
Out system of separated powers which provides distinct checks…
Congress was left with the task of est…
Executive departments and determining how they would be staffed
19 terms
polysci final
Duverger's Law
The level of legitimacy in the British…
The socialist policies of François Mit…
The executive in Germany
Law of politics, formalized by Maurice Duverger, stating that…
UK government is legitimate because it is elected with a clea…
nationalizing financial institutions and key industrial enter…
Whereas the president holds mostly ceremonial powers, the cha…
Duverger's Law
Law of politics, formalized by Maurice Duverger, stating that…
The level of legitimacy in the British…
UK government is legitimate because it is elected with a clea…
20 terms
test questions polysci 2
70. Affirmative action program
51. Jim Crow laws
100. which congressional act has led m…
48. Which weak constructional amendmen…
D. all of the listed responses are correct
C. requires segregation of races
B. Privacy Protection Act
B. 13th amendment
70. Affirmative action program
D. all of the listed responses are correct
51. Jim Crow laws
C. requires segregation of races
20 terms
POLYSCI FINAL
Civil liberties
seditious speech
First amendment
Second amendment
limits on government so people can freely exercize their rights
speech directed towards the overthrow of the government, incl…
Congress shall make no law respecting establishment of religi…
a well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of…
Civil liberties
limits on government so people can freely exercize their rights
seditious speech
speech directed towards the overthrow of the government, incl…
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