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Study sets matching "pre aice biology"

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Study sets matching "pre aice biology"

65 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Plants
Kingdom plantae
Cuticle
Xylem
Phloem
Multicellular, eukaryotic, photosynthetic autotrophs, cell wa…
Waxy layer that prevents water loss
Vascular tissue that transports water
Vascular tissue that transports food
Kingdom plantae
Multicellular, eukaryotic, photosynthetic autotrophs, cell wa…
Cuticle
Waxy layer that prevents water loss
Pre Aice Biology
6 kingdoms
3 domains
Homeostasis
Taxonomy
Archaebacteria, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Eubacteria, Animalia
Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya
need for internal stable conditions
branch of biology concerned with naming and classifying organ…
6 kingdoms
Archaebacteria, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Eubacteria, Animalia
3 domains
Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya
28 terms
pre aice biology-water
polarity
Hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
uneven distribution of charges
weak attraction between a hydrogen atom and another atom
attraction between molecules of the same substance
force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
polarity
uneven distribution of charges
Hydrogen bond
weak attraction between a hydrogen atom and another atom
14 terms
Pre Aice Biology
DIffusion
Osmosis
Water potential gradient
High water potential
Movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to l…
Diffusion of water molecules form a region of their higher co…
Water will move down a water potential gradient from a high w…
A dilute solution with a lot of water
DIffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to l…
Osmosis
Diffusion of water molecules form a region of their higher co…
Midterm pre aice biology
Biology
Controlled experiment
Hypothesis
Theory
The study of all living things.
An experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a…
A proposed explanation about the natural world.
Has a lot of support and evidence.
Biology
The study of all living things.
Controlled experiment
An experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a…
41 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Animals
Kingdom Animalia
Specialization
Cell junctions
Dorsal
Multicellular, eukaryotic, no cell walls, cells may have cili…
Division of labor among cells; The evolutionary adaptation of…
Connections between cells that hold the cell together as a unit
Back
Kingdom Animalia
Multicellular, eukaryotic, no cell walls, cells may have cili…
Specialization
Division of labor among cells; The evolutionary adaptation of…
28 terms
Pre-AICE biology
Cytoplasm
Cell membrane
Hydrophobic
Hydrophilic
Liquid that fills cells ang give shape... (Reaction takes place…
Barrier from cell to outside, controls the movement in and ou…
Water fearing
"Loves" water
Cytoplasm
Liquid that fills cells ang give shape... (Reaction takes place…
Cell membrane
Barrier from cell to outside, controls the movement in and ou…
Pre- Aice Biology Chapter 1
Biology
Cell
Unicellular
Multicellular
Study of life
A small unit that can carry out all of life's processes
Made of a single cell
Consisting of many cells
Biology
Study of life
Cell
A small unit that can carry out all of life's processes
78 terms
pre aice biology chapter 1
list the characteristics that all livi…
what will all cells contain that make…
what are the kingdoms?
describe enzymes
movement, reproduction, sensitivity, growth, respiration, exc…
cytoplasm, cell membrane, genetic material, ribosomes
animal kingdom, plant kingdom, fungi, protist, prokaryotes (m…
proteins made from ribosomes
list the characteristics that all livi…
movement, reproduction, sensitivity, growth, respiration, exc…
what will all cells contain that make…
cytoplasm, cell membrane, genetic material, ribosomes
30 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Evolution Vocabulary
Mutation
Adaptations
Theory of Natural Selection
Over-Production
Genetic change any singular point in time in an individual th…
Mutations that are passed down in a population over long time…
Best adapted organisms are selected to pass on the characteri…
Most organisms produce more offspring than will survive to ad…
Mutation
Genetic change any singular point in time in an individual th…
Adaptations
Mutations that are passed down in a population over long time…
67 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Disease Vocabulary
Genetic disease
Infectious disease
Autoimmune disease
Self-inflicted disease
A disease caused by genes, such as cystic fibrosis or sickle…
A disease caused by pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, prot…
Disease caused by one's immune system attacking oneself, such…
A disease caused by poor life-style choices, such as alcoholi…
Genetic disease
A disease caused by genes, such as cystic fibrosis or sickle…
Infectious disease
A disease caused by pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, prot…
61 terms
pre aice biology chapter 5
how are chemical reactions speeded up?
define catalysts
how many times do chemical reactions t…
what are metabolic reactions controlle…
catalysts
a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction an…
all the time, metabolic reactions
catalysts called enzymes
how are chemical reactions speeded up?
catalysts
define catalysts
a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction an…
79 terms
Pre-Aice biology chapter 3
What is the smallest element?
What happens when an atom gains or los…
What is an isotope?
What are elements based off of?
atom
it becomes an ion
an atom with more neutrons
number of protons
What is the smallest element?
atom
What happens when an atom gains or los…
it becomes an ion
52 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Ecology Vocab
Ecology
Interdependence
Biosphere
Ecosystem
The study of interactions between organisms and their environ…
All organisms interact with other organisms and their environ…
Part of the earth an atmosphere that supports life
A community (biotic factors) and its environment (abiotic fac…
Ecology
The study of interactions between organisms and their environ…
Interdependence
All organisms interact with other organisms and their environ…
45 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Evolution Vocabulary
Mutation
What did Aristotle believe about Earth…
How long did Aristotle's ideas about o…
What did Charles Lyell believe?
Genetic change any singular point in time in an individual th…
Species are fixed creations arranged by their complexity. ( H…
2000 years
Uniformintarianism... He also published the Principles of Geogr…
Mutation
Genetic change any singular point in time in an individual th…
What did Aristotle believe about Earth…
Species are fixed creations arranged by their complexity. ( H…
19 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Quest Vocab
Biology
Cell
Organism
Ecosystem
The study of all forms of life
Basic unit of life
Any living thing
Physical environment with different species that interact wit…
Biology
The study of all forms of life
Cell
Basic unit of life
10 terms
Biology pre aice command words
Deduce
Suggest
Define
State
Deduce- work out from information given;make a logical connec…
Either: there is no uniqe answer or use knowledge in a novel…
Present a formal statement, probably learned by heart
Give a concise answer, no supporting argument
Deduce
Deduce- work out from information given;make a logical connec…
Suggest
Either: there is no uniqe answer or use knowledge in a novel…
24 terms
Pre-Aice Biology Ch. 5
Phospholipid Bilayer
Fluid-Mosaic Model
Selectively Permeable Membrane
Passive Transport
2-layered arrangement of phosphate & Lipid molecules that for…
explains observations regarding structure or functional cell…
Membrane that allows certain molecules to pass through by dif…
Diffusion of a substance across membrane/space without energy…
Phospholipid Bilayer
2-layered arrangement of phosphate & Lipid molecules that for…
Fluid-Mosaic Model
explains observations regarding structure or functional cell…
10 terms
Pre-Aice Biology Command Words
Deduce
Suggest
Define
State
Work out from information given; make a connection between tw…
Either: there is no unique answer ... Or: use knowledge in a nov…
Present a formal statement, probably learned by heart.
Give a concise answer, with no supporting argument.
Deduce
Work out from information given; make a connection between tw…
Suggest
Either: there is no unique answer ... Or: use knowledge in a nov…
24 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Midterm Vocab
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Gamete
Recessive
Two of the same alleles
Two different alleles
Sex cell
Masked trait
Homozygous
Two of the same alleles
Heterozygous
Two different alleles
9 terms
Pre-Aice Bio~ Biology Dna
adenine
complementary
cytosine
DNA
purine that pairs with thymine
parring of purine and pyrimidene bases in DNA c=g a=t
pyrimidine that pairs with guanine
houses genes and tells the body what to do
adenine
purine that pairs with thymine
complementary
parring of purine and pyrimidene bases in DNA c=g a=t
8 terms
pre aice biology chapter 4
define physiology.
what do all cells need?
what do all cells consist of?
how much water are we made up of?
the normal functions that take place within a living organism
water, oxygen, salts, and food substances
water, protein, lipids, carbohydrates, salts, and vitamins
80% or 2/3
define physiology.
the normal functions that take place within a living organism
what do all cells need?
water, oxygen, salts, and food substances
Pre- AICE Biology Unit 6
Chromosomes
Genes
Mitosis
Where does meiosis occur?
strands of DNA protein, the carriers of genes
A piece (portion) of the DNA molecule
When one cell divides to make 2 (happens everywhere but in di…
In reproductive (diploid cells)
Chromosomes
strands of DNA protein, the carriers of genes
Genes
A piece (portion) of the DNA molecule
43 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Quiz 1
Cell
Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
Resolution
basic unit of life
used to see inside living organisms or cells 1500x
using electron beams to see detail of a non-living organism 1…
the measure of clarity a microscope or sense can focus
Cell
basic unit of life
Light Microscope
used to see inside living organisms or cells 1500x
8 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Chapter 2
Nearly all Plants and Animals....
What do all cells contain?
What does most cells have but NOT ALL?
Where do many chemical reactions take…
Are made up of thousands or millions of microscopic cells
A cytoplasm enclosed in a cell membrane
A nucleus
In the cytoplasm to keep it alive
Nearly all Plants and Animals....
Are made up of thousands or millions of microscopic cells
What do all cells contain?
A cytoplasm enclosed in a cell membrane
9 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Chapter 1
What are the seven characteristics of…
What are species?
What is the binomial system?
What is classification?
Movement, Respiration, Sensitivity, Growth, Reproduction, Exc…
A group of organisms that can reproduce to produce fertile of…
An internationally agreed system in which the scientific name…
It is a way of sorting organisms into a meaningful order, tra…
What are the seven characteristics of…
Movement, Respiration, Sensitivity, Growth, Reproduction, Exc…
What are species?
A group of organisms that can reproduce to produce fertile of…
55 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Midterm Review 1-23
List and describe the characteristics…
the taking of nutrients which are orga…
removal from organisms of toxic materi…
the chemical reactions that break down…
growth,movement,nutrition,excretion,reproduction, sensitivity…
nutrition
excretion
respiration
List and describe the characteristics…
growth,movement,nutrition,excretion,reproduction, sensitivity…
the taking of nutrients which are orga…
nutrition
55 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Chapter 8 & 9 Vocabulary
ATP
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Compound used by cells to store and release energy
Organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight/chemica…
Process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
ATP
Compound used by cells to store and release energy
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
48 terms
Pre-Aice Biology Chapter 3 Cells Test
Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Schleiden
Schwann
the first to identify cells, and named them
made better lenses, observed cells in greater detail
the first to note that plants are made of cells
concluded that all living things are made of cells
Hooke
the first to identify cells, and named them
Leeuwenhoek
made better lenses, observed cells in greater detail
39 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
The basic unit of matter
The center of an atom which contains the protons and neutrons…
Negatively charged particle; located in the space surrounding…
Pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
Atom
The basic unit of matter
Nucleus
The center of an atom which contains the protons and neutrons…
89 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Test 1 Study Guide
Biology
Biometrics
Botany
Biogeography
is commonly referred to as the study of life or the study of…
the study of body measurments and their proportions
the study of plants
the study of living organisms (plants and animals) and the ha…
Biology
is commonly referred to as the study of life or the study of…
Biometrics
the study of body measurments and their proportions
55 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Midterm Review 1-23
List and describe the characteristics…
nutrition
excretion
respiration
growth,movement,nutrition,excretion,reproduction, sensitivity…
the taking of nutrients which are organic substances and mine…
removal from organisms of toxic materials.
the chemical reactions that break down nutrient molecules in…
List and describe the characteristics…
growth,movement,nutrition,excretion,reproduction, sensitivity…
nutrition
the taking of nutrients which are organic substances and mine…
70 terms
Bauman Pre-AICE Biology Midterm Review
What is an organized way of gathering…
What does science not involve?
What is the first step of the scientif…
Why should you replicate your experime…
science
The supernatural
Observations
For accuracy
What is an organized way of gathering…
science
What does science not involve?
The supernatural
16 terms
Pre-Aice Biology: Chapter 6 Vocabulary Words
Chlorophyll
Organic
Calvin Cycle
Stomata
green pigment in chloroplasts that captures energy from sunli…
substances made by living things, must contain carbon
takes place in stroma, light independent reactions, converts…
Carbon dioxide diffuses through leaf through openings that ar…
Chlorophyll
green pigment in chloroplasts that captures energy from sunli…
Organic
substances made by living things, must contain carbon
11 terms
Pre-Aice Biology vocab. words and lab safety
Independant variable
Dependent variable
controlled variable
experimental group
The variable that you're controlling the change
the variable that depends on the independant variable
the variable that stays the same
the group that changes
Independant variable
The variable that you're controlling the change
Dependent variable
the variable that depends on the independant variable
35 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Chapters 10 & 11 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Thread like structure of DNA and protein that contains geneti…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
62 terms
Pre-Aice Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis study guide
What are the 2 main stages of cell div…
When chromosomes become visible at the…
What are each pair of chromatids attac…
What is the period of growth in betwee…
mitosis and cytokinesis
DNA and protein molecules
centromere
interphase
What are the 2 main stages of cell div…
mitosis and cytokinesis
When chromosomes become visible at the…
DNA and protein molecules
18 terms
Pre Aice Biology Chapter 14 part 2
Discontinuous Variation
Continuous Variation
Normal Distribution
acquired characteristics
No in Between categories. EX: blood groups and genetics. Caus…
Their is in between categories. Ex Height. Often Caused by ge…
wide range of results in a graph. Most people come in the mid…
Characteristic caused by an organism's environment
Discontinuous Variation
No in Between categories. EX: blood groups and genetics. Caus…
Continuous Variation
Their is in between categories. Ex Height. Often Caused by ge…
16 terms
Pre-Aice Biology Ch.6 Vocab
Photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
Lamina
petiole
The fundamental process by which plants manufacture carbohydr…
The pigment which makes plants look green
Broad flat part of the leaf
Leaf stalk
Photosynthesis
The fundamental process by which plants manufacture carbohydr…
Chlorophyll
The pigment which makes plants look green
17 terms
Pre Aice Biology Chapter 12-13 Vocab
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
DNA Polymerase
Genes
Replication begins at a single point on a chromosome and proc…
Replication begins at hundreds of points on a chromosome and…
Adds on a complementary base pairs and proofreads the DNA
Coded DNA instructions that control the production of protien…
Prokaryotes
Replication begins at a single point on a chromosome and proc…
Eukaryotes
Replication begins at hundreds of points on a chromosome and…
36 terms
Pre Aice Biology Mrs Bauman: Disease and Immunity
Obligate Intracellular Parasites
Retrovirus
Lytic Cycle
Temperate Viruses
Viruses
RNA viruses that use RNA as a template for making DNA, which…
They take over and force cell to make viral... copies (replicati…
Infect the host and don't immediately reproduce and... lyse the…
Obligate Intracellular Parasites
Viruses
Retrovirus
RNA viruses that use RNA as a template for making DNA, which…
11 terms
IGCSE Pre-AICE Biology ch. 20 terms
population
ecosystem
community
food chain
a group of organisms of one species, living in the same area…
a unit containing all of the organisms and their environment,…
all of the populations of different species in an ecosystem
a diagram showing the flow of the energy from one organism to…
population
a group of organisms of one species, living in the same area…
ecosystem
a unit containing all of the organisms and their environment,…
84 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Mid-Term Review
Biology
Cell
Organism
Ecosystem
The study of life
Basic unit of life
Any living thing
A biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
Biology
The study of life
Cell
Basic unit of life
33 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Protists & Fungi Vocabulary
Kingdom Protista
Endosymbiosis
Conjugation
Gametangia
Mostly unicellular, eukaryotic, true nucleus, autotrophic, al…
The concept that one organism lives inside of another organism
Process in which two individuals join an exchange genetic mat…
Unicellular chambers that assist in reproduction of autotroph…
Kingdom Protista
Mostly unicellular, eukaryotic, true nucleus, autotrophic, al…
Endosymbiosis
The concept that one organism lives inside of another organism
31 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Unit 6 Mitosis & Meiosis
Each pair of chromatids is attached at…
What are the two tiny structures locat…
Division of nucleus. Creates 2 new dau…
Occurs during prophase I. Homologous c…
Centromere
Centrioles and spindle fiber
Mitosis
Crossing over
Each pair of chromatids is attached at…
Centromere
What are the two tiny structures locat…
Centrioles and spindle fiber
31 terms
Pre-AICE Biology Chapters 10 & 11 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Thread like structure of DNA and protein that contains geneti…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
21 terms
Pre-Aice Biology Plants Test Review
Very first Pioneer species (Have Rhizo…
Have a thalloid
Photosynthetic sporophyte, probably th…
No roots or leaves, Epiphytic
Phylum: Bryophyta... Common Name: Mosses
Phylum: Hepatophyta... Common Name: Liverworts
Phylum: Anthrocerophyta... Common Name: Hornworts
Phylum: Psilophyta... Common Name: Whisk Ferns
Very first Pioneer species (Have Rhizo…
Phylum: Bryophyta... Common Name: Mosses
Have a thalloid
Phylum: Hepatophyta... Common Name: Liverworts
PreAice Biology Cell Transport Chapter 7-3
diffusion
concentration gradient
Diffusion across space
Equilibrium
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
Molecules move automatically down the concentration gradient…
Diffusion continues until the concentration is equal everywhe…
diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
concentration gradient
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
66 terms
Pre Aice Biology: Chapter 6 and 9 study guide
What is a calorie?
How many calories make up 1 Calorie?
What is the pathway that begins cellul…
What would be the problem if cellular…
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
1000 calories
Glycolysis
All of the energy would be released at once, and most of that…
What is a calorie?
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
How many calories make up 1 Calorie?
1000 calories
93 terms
AICE Biology Chapter 5
What are the five stages of cell divis…
What are the two types of cell division
Why do cells reproduce?
How long does it take to divid epithel…
Interphase, prophase (early and late), metaphase, anaphase, a…
Mitosis and meiosis
1) Growth-The nuclei of the two daughter cells formed have th…
Epithelial cells are divided every 10 hours.
What are the five stages of cell divis…
Interphase, prophase (early and late), metaphase, anaphase, a…
What are the two types of cell division
Mitosis and meiosis
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