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Study sets matching "pre algebra chapter 5"

14 terms
PreAlgebra Chapter 5 Vocabulary
improper fraction
lowest terms of a fraction
Rational Number
Mixed Number
a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator
A fraction is in lowest terms if the GCF of numerator and den…
Any number that can be written a/b , where a and b are intege…
A number consisting of an integer and a proper fraction.
improper fraction
a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator
lowest terms of a fraction
A fraction is in lowest terms if the GCF of numerator and den…
10 terms
PreAlgebra Chapter 5 Vocabulary
area
formula
identity
inequality
...
...
...
...
area
...
formula
...
6 terms
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5
Area
Formula
Identity
Inequality
The number of square units required to cover a surface.
(mathematics) a standard procedure for solving a class of mat…
An equation that is true for all values of the variable.
A mathematical sentence that contains less than, greater than…
Area
The number of square units required to cover a surface.
Formula
(mathematics) a standard procedure for solving a class of mat…
14 terms
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5
Compare
Contrast
Support
Complex Fraction
To look at two or more things closely in order to tell all th…
To look at two or more things closely in order to tell all th…
To provide with substantiation.
A fraction that has at least one fraction in the numerator, d…
Compare
To look at two or more things closely in order to tell all th…
Contrast
To look at two or more things closely in order to tell all th…
6 terms
PreAlgebra Chapter 5 vocabulary
Area -
Formula -
Identity -
Inequality -
The measure of the surface enclosed by a geometric figure.
An equation that shows a relationship among certain quantities.
An equation that is true for every value of the variable.
A mathematical sentence that contains <,>,<,>, or a not equal…
Area -
The measure of the surface enclosed by a geometric figure.
Formula -
An equation that shows a relationship among certain quantities.
12 terms
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5 Vocabulary
similar
proportion
unit price
corresponding sides
used to describe figures having the same shape but not necess…
an equation that states that two ratios are equivalent
a unit rate used to compare price per item
sides of similar figures having the same relative position
similar
used to describe figures having the same shape but not necess…
proportion
an equation that states that two ratios are equivalent
18 terms
CHAPTER 5 PRE-ALGEBRA VOCABULARY TERMS
ratio
rate
unit rate
complex fractions
a comparison of two quantities by division
a ratio of two quantities having different kinds of units
when a rate is simplified so that it has a denominator of 1
fractions with one or more fractions in the numerator, denomi…
ratio
a comparison of two quantities by division
rate
a ratio of two quantities having different kinds of units
16 terms
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Rational Numbers
Irrational Numbers
Natural Number
Whole number
Any number that can be expressed as a fraction
Any number that can't be written as an integer over an intege…
All positive integers (not including zero)
Natural numbers ( counting numbers) and zero; 0, 1, 2, 3...
Rational Numbers
Any number that can be expressed as a fraction
Irrational Numbers
Any number that can't be written as an integer over an intege…
10 terms
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5 Vocabulary
arithmetic series (sequence)
common multiple
geometric sequence
least common multiple
A set of numbers in which the difference between any two numb…
A multiple that two or more numbers share.
A sequence in which each term is found by multiplying the pre…
The smallest multiple (other than zero) that two or more numb…
arithmetic series (sequence)
A set of numbers in which the difference between any two numb…
common multiple
A multiple that two or more numbers share.
13 terms
PRE-ALGEBRA 7: CHAPTER 5 - RATIOS, RATES, AND PROPORTIONS
Constant of proportionality
Cross products
Equivalent ratios
Indirect measurement
The value of the ratio of quantities in a proportional relati…
For two ratios, the cross products are found by multiplying t…
Two ratios that name the same number are equivalent ratios. E…
Indirect measurement uses proportions and similar figures to…
Constant of proportionality
The value of the ratio of quantities in a proportional relati…
Cross products
For two ratios, the cross products are found by multiplying t…
10 terms
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5 Vocabulary
arithmetic series(sequence)
common multiple
geometric sequence
least common multiple
A set of numbers in which the difference between any two numb…
A number that is a multiple of two or more numbers.
A sequence in which each term is found by multiplying the pre…
The smallest multiple (other than zero) that two or more numb…
arithmetic series(sequence)
A set of numbers in which the difference between any two numb…
common multiple
A number that is a multiple of two or more numbers.
8 terms
Pre-algebra chapter 5
Perimeter of a triangle
Perimeter of a rectangle
Area of triangle
Area of rectangle
P= s1 + s2 + s3... or... P= a + b + c
P= 2l + 2w
A= 1/2bh
A= lw
Perimeter of a triangle
P= s1 + s2 + s3... or... P= a + b + c
Perimeter of a rectangle
P= 2l + 2w
18 terms
Tenor Chapter 5 Pre-Algebra
complex fractions
congruent
constant of proportionality
corresponding parts
A fraction with a numerator and/or denominator that is also a…
Line segments that have the same length, or angles that have…
A constant ratio or unit rate of a proportion.
Parts of congruent or similar figures that match.
complex fractions
A fraction with a numerator and/or denominator that is also a…
congruent
Line segments that have the same length, or angles that have…
10 terms
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5 Vocabulary
arithmetic series (sequence)
common multiple
geometric sequence
least common multiple
A set of numbers in which the difference between any two numb…
A multiple that two or more numbers share.
A sequence in which each term is found by multiplying the pre…
The smallest multiple (other than zero) that two or more numb…
arithmetic series (sequence)
A set of numbers in which the difference between any two numb…
common multiple
A multiple that two or more numbers share.
15 terms
Pre-Algebra- Chapter 5
complex fraction
congruent
constant of proportionality
corresponding parts
a fraction with a numerator and/or denominator that is also a…
to be the same in size and shape
a constant ratio or unit rate of a proportion
parts of congruent or similar figures that match
complex fraction
a fraction with a numerator and/or denominator that is also a…
congruent
to be the same in size and shape
32 terms
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5 vocabulary
point
line
segment
plane
names a location
is perfectly straight and extends forever in both directions
part of a line between two points
perfectly flat surface that extends forever in all directions
point
names a location
line
is perfectly straight and extends forever in both directions
9 terms
Chapter 5 Pre-Algebra
Rational Number
Terminating Decimal
Repeating Decimal
Inductive Reasoning
a number that can be written as the quotient of two integers
A decimal that has a final digit
A decimal that has one or more digits that repeat without an…
Making a conclusion based on several examples
Rational Number
a number that can be written as the quotient of two integers
Terminating Decimal
A decimal that has a final digit
12 terms
Pre-Algebra chapter 5
Denominator
Rational Number
Terminating Decimal
Absolute Value
The total group. The bottom of a fraction
A _____ is a number that can be written as the quotient of tw…
A decimal that has a final digit
The ______ of a number is its distance from 0 on a number lin…
Denominator
The total group. The bottom of a fraction
Rational Number
A _____ is a number that can be written as the quotient of tw…
5 terms
Pre-Algebra chapter 5 vocabulary
Repeating decimal
Terminating decimal
Division
Reciprocal
A decimal that repeats
A decimal that stops
To multiply by the reciprocal
Two numbers whose product is one
Repeating decimal
A decimal that repeats
Terminating decimal
A decimal that stops
16 terms
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5
Natural Numbers
Whole Numbers
Integers
Rational Numbers
The numbers that you count by {1,2,3,4,...}
All of the natural numbers plus zero. { 0,1,2,3,4,...}
All of the whole numbers plus their negatives. { ...-4,-3,-2,…
All of the integers plus any fractions, repeating decimals, a…
Natural Numbers
The numbers that you count by {1,2,3,4,...}
Whole Numbers
All of the natural numbers plus zero. { 0,1,2,3,4,...}
47 terms
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5
Point
Line
Plane
Segment
names a location
perfectly straight and extends forever in both directions
perfectly flat surface that extends forever in all directions
the part of a line between two points
Point
names a location
Line
perfectly straight and extends forever in both directions
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Decimal
Decimal point
Scientific Notation
Tally
a number written with a dot; values of places to the left of…
the dot in a decimal; it separates the part greater than 1 th…
a number written as two factors; the first factor is a decima…
a way to keep a count .
Decimal
a number written with a dot; values of places to the left of…
Decimal point
the dot in a decimal; it separates the part greater than 1 th…
26 terms
Chapter 5 vocab Pre algebra
Alternative exterior angles
Alternate Interior angles
Converse
Corresponding Angles
When two lines are crossed by another line (called transversa…
When lines are crossed by another line (called the transversa…
Is when reversing statements it still remains true.
The angles that occupy the same relative position at each int…
Alternative exterior angles
When two lines are crossed by another line (called transversa…
Alternate Interior angles
When lines are crossed by another line (called the transversa…
10 terms
Chapter 5 - Pre-Algebra
Positive x Positive =
Negative x Negative =
Negative x Positive =
Positive x Negative =
Positive
Positive
Negative
Negative
Positive x Positive =
Positive
Negative x Negative =
Positive
10 terms
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5
percent of increase
percent of decrease
principal
interest
Occurs when the new amount is greater taunt the original.
Occurs when the new amount is less than the original.
The amount of money invested or borrowed
the amount of money paid or earned for the use of money. I=prt
percent of increase
Occurs when the new amount is greater taunt the original.
percent of decrease
Occurs when the new amount is less than the original.
23 terms
FBCS LAFAYETTE PRE-ALGEBRA CHAPTER 5
Terminating Decimal
Mixed Number
Repeating Decimal
Bar notation
A decimal whose digits end. Also can be written as a fraction…
The indicated sum of a whole number and a fraction.
A decimal whose digits repeat in groups of one or more.
In repeating decimals the line placed over the digits that re…
Terminating Decimal
A decimal whose digits end. Also can be written as a fraction…
Mixed Number
The indicated sum of a whole number and a fraction.
10 terms
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5
balance
discount
interest
interest rate
the principal plus the interest earned
the amount the price of an item is reduced
the amount of money paid for the use of borrowed money
the rate, usually expressed as a percent, used to calculate i…
balance
the principal plus the interest earned
discount
the amount the price of an item is reduced
24 terms
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Terminating Decimal
Mixed Number
Repeating Decimal
Bar Notation
A decimal that ends
A whole number and a fraction
A decimal with a repeating group of numbers that go on indefi…
A bar that goes over numbers that repeat in a repeating decim…
Terminating Decimal
A decimal that ends
Mixed Number
A whole number and a fraction
14 terms
Chapter 5 Vocabulary - Pre-Algebra
Dimensional Analysis
Improper Fraction
Least Common Denominator
Least Common Multiple
Using conversion factors to change from one unit of measure t…
A fraction whose numerator is bigger than the denominator and…
The least common denominator between two or more fractions.
The least common multiple between two or more numbers.
Dimensional Analysis
Using conversion factors to change from one unit of measure t…
Improper Fraction
A fraction whose numerator is bigger than the denominator and…
24 terms
Chapter 5 Vocab Pre Algebra
Point
line
ray
line segment
an exact location in space
a straight arrangement of points that extends forever in oppo…
a part of a line that has one end point
part of a line with 2 end points
Point
an exact location in space
line
a straight arrangement of points that extends forever in oppo…
46 terms
Pre-Algebra Vocab Chapter 5
point
plane
ray
right angle
an exact location in space
a flat surface that extends forever
a part of a line that starts at one endpoint and extends fore…
an angle that measures 90degrees
point
an exact location in space
plane
a flat surface that extends forever
15 terms
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5 Test 1
alternate exterior angles
alternate interior angles
corresponding angles
deductive reasoning
exterior angles that lie on opposite sides of the transversal
interior angles that lie on alternate sides of the transversal
angles that are in the same position on parallel lines in rel…
a system of reasoning that used facts, rules, definitions, or…
alternate exterior angles
exterior angles that lie on opposite sides of the transversal
alternate interior angles
interior angles that lie on alternate sides of the transversal
13 terms
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5 Test 2
converse
Distance Formula
equiangular
hypotenuse
formed when parts of a theorem are reversed
formula used to find the distance between two points
a polygon in which all angles are congruent
the side opposite the right angle in a right triangle
converse
formed when parts of a theorem are reversed
Distance Formula
formula used to find the distance between two points
21 terms
Pre-algebra chapter 5 vocabulary
Collinear
Noncollinear
Ray
Endpoint
3 or more points that do not lie on the same line
Points not on the same line
A part of a line, with one endpoint, that continues without e…
A point at the end of a line segment or ray
Collinear
3 or more points that do not lie on the same line
Noncollinear
Points not on the same line
14 terms
Chapter 5 Vocabulary Pre-Algebra
Perpendicular Lines
Parallel Lines
Remote Interior Angles
Polygon
Two lines that intersect from right angles.
Lines in the same plane that never cross or intersect.
The angles of a triangle that are not adjacent to a given ext…
A simple, closed figure formed by three or more line segments.
Perpendicular Lines
Two lines that intersect from right angles.
Parallel Lines
Lines in the same plane that never cross or intersect.
13 terms
Pre-Algebra 7 Chapter 5
System of linear equations definition
What are the three ways to solve a sys…
What is the definition of the solution…
Step 1 of solving a system by substitu…
A set of two or more linear equations with the same variables.
By graphing, by substitution, and by elimination.
The point of intersection of the two graphs of the linear equ…
Solve one of the equations for one of the variables.
System of linear equations definition
A set of two or more linear equations with the same variables.
What are the three ways to solve a sys…
By graphing, by substitution, and by elimination.
18 terms
chapter 5 pre algebra vocabulary glencoe
complex fractions
congruent
constant of proportionality
corresponding parts
A fraction where the numerator, denominator, or both contain…
Having the same size and shape... corresponding... Having the sam…
the unit rate in a proportional relationship... the common rati…
Figures or sides or angles that have the same relative positi…
complex fractions
A fraction where the numerator, denominator, or both contain…
congruent
Having the same size and shape... corresponding... Having the sam…
14 terms
PreAlgebra Chapter 5 Vocabulary
improper fraction
lowest terms of a fraction
Rational Number
Mixed Number
a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator
A fraction is in lowest terms if the GCF of numerator and den…
Any number that can be written a/b , where a and b are intege…
A number consisting of an integer and a proper fraction.
improper fraction
a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator
lowest terms of a fraction
A fraction is in lowest terms if the GCF of numerator and den…
9 terms
Pre Algebra Chapter 5 Geo Vocabulary
alternate exterior angles
alternate interior angles
complementary angles
coordinate plane
two angles that lie outside the two liones on opposite sides…
two angles that lie between the two lines on opposite sides o…
the sum of two angles measures 90 degrees
formed by the intersection of ahorizontal number line and a v…
alternate exterior angles
two angles that lie outside the two liones on opposite sides…
alternate interior angles
two angles that lie between the two lines on opposite sides o…
13 terms
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5
conversion factor
cross product
dilation
enlargement
A fraction whose numerator and denominator represent the same…
The product of numbers diagonal from each other in a comparis…
a transformation that enlarges or reduces a figure.
An increase in size of all dimensions in the same proportions.
conversion factor
A fraction whose numerator and denominator represent the same…
cross product
The product of numbers diagonal from each other in a comparis…
Pre- Algebra Chapter 5 Vocabulary
perpendicular lines
parallel lines
transversal line
interior angles
two lines that intersect and form right angles
two lines that do not intersect
a line that intersects two other lines and forms at least eig…
the four inside angles formed by two lines cut by a transversal
perpendicular lines
two lines that intersect and form right angles
parallel lines
two lines that do not intersect
17 terms
Chapter 5 Pre-AP Algebra 2 Vocabulary
Degree of a polynomial
Depressed polynomial
End behavior
Extrema
The degree of the monomial with the greatest degree.
A polynomial that has a degree that is one less than the orig…
the behavior of the graph as X approaches positive infinity o…
the maximum and minimum values of a function.
Degree of a polynomial
The degree of the monomial with the greatest degree.
Depressed polynomial
A polynomial that has a degree that is one less than the orig…
18 terms
(pre)Algebra 1 - Chapter 5 (Strodel)
constant of variation
direct variation
family of functions
linear equation
nonzero constant (k) in direct variation
linear relationship written in form of y=kx (k is nozero cons…
set of functions whose graphs have basic characteristics in c…
any equation that can be written in standard form (Ax+By=C)
constant of variation
nonzero constant (k) in direct variation
direct variation
linear relationship written in form of y=kx (k is nozero cons…
8 terms
Algebra 1 Pre-AP Chapter 5: Linear Inequalities
inequalities
set builder notation
compound inequalities
union
a mathematical sentence involving <, >, or = plus < or >
a notation used to describe the members of a set
Two inequalities that are combined into one statement by the…
The graph of a compound inequality containing "or".
inequalities
a mathematical sentence involving <, >, or = plus < or >
set builder notation
a notation used to describe the members of a set
13 terms
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5-9
dividend
division
divisor
quotient
the number that is divided
the arithmetic operation of finding how many times a number g…
the number that is used to divide
the result of division
dividend
the number that is divided
division
the arithmetic operation of finding how many times a number g…
23 terms
Chapter 5 vocabulary pre-algebra
Terminating decimal
Mixed number
Repeating decimal
Bar notation
If the division ends, or terminates, when the remainder is ze…
The sum of a whole number and a fraction
0.666666666....
0.66666666 = 0.-... 6
Terminating decimal
If the division ends, or terminates, when the remainder is ze…
Mixed number
The sum of a whole number and a fraction
35 terms
Pre-Algebra Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Perpendicular Lines
Parallel Lines
Transversal
Interior Angles
Two lines that intersect in a plane and form a right angle.
Two lines that are in the same plane but do not ever intersect.
A line that intersects two or more lines.
Angles that lie inside parallel lines of a transversal.
Perpendicular Lines
Two lines that intersect in a plane and form a right angle.
Parallel Lines
Two lines that are in the same plane but do not ever intersect.
Pre-Algebra chapter 5 vocabulary
Alternate exterior angles
Alternate interior angles
Converse of Pythagorean theorem
Corresponding angles
Exterior angles that lie on opposite sides of the transversal…
Into the angles that lie on the opposite side of the transver…
If the sides of a triangle have length A, B, and C units such…
Angles are in the same position on the two lines in relation…
Alternate exterior angles
Exterior angles that lie on opposite sides of the transversal…
Alternate interior angles
Into the angles that lie on the opposite side of the transver…
6 terms
PreAlgebra Chapter 5 Vocab
Area
Formula
Identity
Inequality
The measure of a surface enclosed by a figure.
An equation that shows a relationship among certain quantities.
An equation that is true for all values of the variable.
A mathematical sentence that compares quantities that are no…
Area
The measure of a surface enclosed by a figure.
Formula
An equation that shows a relationship among certain quantities.
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