#### Study sets matching "pre algebra chapter 5"

#### Study sets matching "pre algebra chapter 5"

improper fraction

lowest terms of a fraction

Rational Number

Mixed Number

a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator

A fraction is in lowest terms if the GCF of numerator and den…

Any number that can be written a/b , where a and b are intege…

A number consisting of an integer and a proper fraction.

improper fraction

a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator

lowest terms of a fraction

A fraction is in lowest terms if the GCF of numerator and den…

Order of Operations

Constant

Equation

Root of the equation

PEMDAS

a number in an expression that does not change such as 2 or -…

a mathematical sentence stating that two quantities are equal…

the number substituted for a variable that makes the equation…

Order of Operations

PEMDAS

Constant

a number in an expression that does not change such as 2 or -…

Area

Formula

Identity

Inequality

The number of square units required to cover a surface.

(mathematics) a standard procedure for solving a class of mat…

An equation that is true for all values of the variable.

A mathematical sentence that contains less than, greater than…

Area

The number of square units required to cover a surface.

Formula

(mathematics) a standard procedure for solving a class of mat…

Compare

Contrast

Support

Complex Fraction

To look at two or more things closely in order to tell all th…

To look at two or more things closely in order to tell all th…

To provide with substantiation.

A fraction that has at least one fraction in the numerator, d…

Compare

To look at two or more things closely in order to tell all th…

Contrast

To look at two or more things closely in order to tell all th…

decimal

decimal point

scientific notation

tally

a number written with a dot; values of places to the left of…

the dot in a decimal; it separates the part greater than 1 fr…

a number written as the product of two factors; the first fac…

a way to keep a count

decimal

a number written with a dot; values of places to the left of…

decimal point

the dot in a decimal; it separates the part greater than 1 fr…

formula

perimeter

area

inequality

an equation that shows a relationship among certain quantities.

the distance around a geometric figure

the measure of the surface enclosed by a figure

a mathematical sentence that compares quantities that are not…

formula

an equation that shows a relationship among certain quantities.

perimeter

the distance around a geometric figure

Area -

Formula -

Identity -

Inequality -

The measure of the surface enclosed by a geometric figure.

An equation that shows a relationship among certain quantities.

An equation that is true for every value of the variable.

A mathematical sentence that contains <,>,<,>, or a not equal…

Area -

The measure of the surface enclosed by a geometric figure.

Formula -

An equation that shows a relationship among certain quantities.

similar

proportion

unit price

corresponding sides

used to describe figures having the same shape but not necess…

an equation that states that two ratios are equivalent

a unit rate used to compare price per item

sides of similar figures having the same relative position

similar

used to describe figures having the same shape but not necess…

proportion

an equation that states that two ratios are equivalent

ratio

rate

unit rate

complex fractions

a comparison of two quantities by division

a ratio of two quantities having different kinds of units

when a rate is simplified so that it has a denominator of 1

fractions with one or more fractions in the numerator, denomi…

ratio

a comparison of two quantities by division

rate

a ratio of two quantities having different kinds of units

arithmetic series (sequence)

common multiple

geometric sequence

least common multiple

A set of numbers in which the difference between any two numb…

A multiple that two or more numbers share.

A sequence in which each term is found by multiplying the pre…

The smallest multiple (other than zero) that two or more numb…

arithmetic series (sequence)

A set of numbers in which the difference between any two numb…

common multiple

A multiple that two or more numbers share.

Rational Numbers

Irrational Numbers

Natural Number

Whole number

Any number that can be expressed as a fraction

Any number that can't be written as an integer over an intege…

All positive integers (not including zero)

Natural numbers ( counting numbers) and zero; 0, 1, 2, 3...

Rational Numbers

Any number that can be expressed as a fraction

Irrational Numbers

Any number that can't be written as an integer over an intege…

arithmetic series(sequence)

common multiple

geometric sequence

least common multiple

A set of numbers in which the difference between any two numb…

A number that is a multiple of two or more numbers.

A sequence in which each term is found by multiplying the pre…

The smallest multiple (other than zero) that two or more numb…

arithmetic series(sequence)

A set of numbers in which the difference between any two numb…

common multiple

A number that is a multiple of two or more numbers.

Constant of proportionality

Cross products

Equivalent ratios

Indirect measurement

The value of the ratio of quantities in a proportional relati…

For two ratios, the cross products are found by multiplying t…

Two ratios that name the same number are equivalent ratios. E…

Indirect measurement uses proportions and similar figures to…

Constant of proportionality

The value of the ratio of quantities in a proportional relati…

Cross products

For two ratios, the cross products are found by multiplying t…

decimal

decimal point

scientific notation

tally

a number written with a dot; values of places to the left of…

the dot in a decimal; it separates the part greater than 1 fr…

a number written as the product of two factors; the first fac…

a way to keep a count

decimal

a number written with a dot; values of places to the left of…

decimal point

the dot in a decimal; it separates the part greater than 1 fr…

Constant

Variable

Equation

Root of the Equation

A number in an expression that does not change, such as 2, -6…

A symbol that stands for a value that may vary.

A mathematical sentence stating that two quantities are equal…

The number substituted for a variable that makes the equation…

Constant

A number in an expression that does not change, such as 2, -6…

Variable

A symbol that stands for a value that may vary.

complex fractions

congruent

constant of proportionality

corresponding parts

A fraction with a numerator and/or denominator that is also a…

Line segments that have the same length, or angles that have…

A constant ratio or unit rate of a proportion.

Parts of congruent or similar figures that match.

complex fractions

A fraction with a numerator and/or denominator that is also a…

congruent

Line segments that have the same length, or angles that have…

arithmetic series (sequence)

common multiple

geometric sequence

least common multiple

A set of numbers in which the difference between any two numb…

A multiple that two or more numbers share.

A sequence in which each term is found by multiplying the pre…

The smallest multiple (other than zero) that two or more numb…

arithmetic series (sequence)

A set of numbers in which the difference between any two numb…

common multiple

A multiple that two or more numbers share.

complex fraction

congruent

constant of proportionality

corresponding parts

a fraction with a numerator and/or denominator that is also a…

to be the same in size and shape

a constant ratio or unit rate of a proportion

parts of congruent or similar figures that match

complex fraction

a fraction with a numerator and/or denominator that is also a…

congruent

to be the same in size and shape

point

line

segment

plane

names a location

is perfectly straight and extends forever in both directions

part of a line between two points

perfectly flat surface that extends forever in all directions

point

names a location

line

is perfectly straight and extends forever in both directions

Rational Number

Terminating Decimal

Repeating Decimal

Inductive Reasoning

a number that can be written as the quotient of two integers

A decimal that has a final digit

A decimal that has one or more digits that repeat without an…

Making a conclusion based on several examples

Rational Number

a number that can be written as the quotient of two integers

Terminating Decimal

A decimal that has a final digit

Denominator

Rational Number

Terminating Decimal

Absolute Value

The total group. The bottom of a fraction

A _____ is a number that can be written as the quotient of tw…

A decimal that has a final digit

The ______ of a number is its distance from 0 on a number lin…

Denominator

The total group. The bottom of a fraction

Rational Number

A _____ is a number that can be written as the quotient of tw…

Natural Numbers

Whole Numbers

Integers

Rational Numbers

The numbers that you count by {1,2,3,4,...}

All of the natural numbers plus zero. { 0,1,2,3,4,...}

All of the whole numbers plus their negatives. { ...-4,-3,-2,…

All of the integers plus any fractions, repeating decimals, a…

Natural Numbers

The numbers that you count by {1,2,3,4,...}

Whole Numbers

All of the natural numbers plus zero. { 0,1,2,3,4,...}

Rational Number

Terminating Decimal

Repeating Decimal

Multiplicative Inverse

A number that can be written as a quotient (answer to divisio…

A decimal that has a final digit. It can be written as a quot…

A decimal that has a digit or block of digits that repeat wit…

The multiplicative inverse of a nonzero number a/b where a an…

Rational Number

A number that can be written as a quotient (answer to divisio…

Terminating Decimal

A decimal that has a final digit. It can be written as a quot…

Decimal

Decimal point

Scientific Notation

Tally

a number written with a dot; values of places to the left of…

the dot in a decimal; it separates the part greater than 1 th…

a number written as two factors; the first factor is a decima…

a way to keep a count .

Decimal

a number written with a dot; values of places to the left of…

Decimal point

the dot in a decimal; it separates the part greater than 1 th…

Alternative exterior angles

Alternate Interior angles

Converse

Corresponding Angles

When two lines are crossed by another line (called transversa…

When lines are crossed by another line (called the transversa…

Is when reversing statements it still remains true.

The angles that occupy the same relative position at each int…

Alternative exterior angles

When two lines are crossed by another line (called transversa…

Alternate Interior angles

When lines are crossed by another line (called the transversa…

percent of increase

percent of decrease

principal

interest

Occurs when the new amount is greater taunt the original.

Occurs when the new amount is less than the original.

The amount of money invested or borrowed

the amount of money paid or earned for the use of money. I=prt

percent of increase

Occurs when the new amount is greater taunt the original.

percent of decrease

Occurs when the new amount is less than the original.

Terminating Decimal

Mixed Number

Repeating Decimal

Bar notation

A decimal whose digits end. Also can be written as a fraction…

The indicated sum of a whole number and a fraction.

A decimal whose digits repeat in groups of one or more.

In repeating decimals the line placed over the digits that re…

Terminating Decimal

A decimal whose digits end. Also can be written as a fraction…

Mixed Number

The indicated sum of a whole number and a fraction.

balance

discount

interest

interest rate

the principal plus the interest earned

the amount the price of an item is reduced

the amount of money paid for the use of borrowed money

the rate, usually expressed as a percent, used to calculate i…

balance

the principal plus the interest earned

discount

the amount the price of an item is reduced

Terminating Decimal

Mixed Number

Repeating Decimal

Bar Notation

A decimal that ends

A whole number and a fraction

A decimal with a repeating group of numbers that go on indefi…

A bar that goes over numbers that repeat in a repeating decim…

Terminating Decimal

A decimal that ends

Mixed Number

A whole number and a fraction

Dimensional Analysis

Improper Fraction

Least Common Denominator

Least Common Multiple

Using conversion factors to change from one unit of measure t…

A fraction whose numerator is bigger than the denominator and…

The least common denominator between two or more fractions.

The least common multiple between two or more numbers.

Dimensional Analysis

Using conversion factors to change from one unit of measure t…

Improper Fraction

A fraction whose numerator is bigger than the denominator and…

Point

line

ray

line segment

an exact location in space

a straight arrangement of points that extends forever in oppo…

a part of a line that has one end point

part of a line with 2 end points

Point

an exact location in space

line

a straight arrangement of points that extends forever in oppo…

converse

Distance Formula

equiangular

hypotenuse

formed when parts of a theorem are reversed

formula used to find the distance between two points

a polygon in which all angles are congruent

the side opposite the right angle in a right triangle

converse

formed when parts of a theorem are reversed

Distance Formula

formula used to find the distance between two points

alternate exterior angles

alternate interior angles

corresponding angles

deductive reasoning

exterior angles that lie on opposite sides of the transversal

interior angles that lie on alternate sides of the transversal

angles that are in the same position on parallel lines in rel…

a system of reasoning that used facts, rules, definitions, or…

alternate exterior angles

exterior angles that lie on opposite sides of the transversal

alternate interior angles

interior angles that lie on alternate sides of the transversal

Perpendicular Lines

Parallel Lines

Remote Interior Angles

Polygon

Two lines that intersect from right angles.

Lines in the same plane that never cross or intersect.

The angles of a triangle that are not adjacent to a given ext…

A simple, closed figure formed by three or more line segments.

Perpendicular Lines

Two lines that intersect from right angles.

Parallel Lines

Lines in the same plane that never cross or intersect.

complex fractions

congruent

constant of proportionality

corresponding parts

A fraction where the numerator, denominator, or both contain…

Having the same size and shape... corresponding... Having the sam…

the unit rate in a proportional relationship... the common rati…

Figures or sides or angles that have the same relative positi…

complex fractions

A fraction where the numerator, denominator, or both contain…

congruent

Having the same size and shape... corresponding... Having the sam…

improper fraction

lowest terms of a fraction

Rational Number

Mixed Number

a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator

A fraction is in lowest terms if the GCF of numerator and den…

Any number that can be written a/b , where a and b are intege…

A number consisting of an integer and a proper fraction.

improper fraction

a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator

lowest terms of a fraction

A fraction is in lowest terms if the GCF of numerator and den…

alternate exterior angles

alternate interior angles

complementary angles

coordinate plane

two angles that lie outside the two liones on opposite sides…

two angles that lie between the two lines on opposite sides o…

the sum of two angles measures 90 degrees

formed by the intersection of ahorizontal number line and a v…

alternate exterior angles

two angles that lie outside the two liones on opposite sides…

alternate interior angles

two angles that lie between the two lines on opposite sides o…

conversion factor

cross product

dilation

enlargement

A fraction whose numerator and denominator represent the same…

The product of numbers diagonal from each other in a comparis…

a transformation that enlarges or reduces a figure.

An increase in size of all dimensions in the same proportions.

conversion factor

A fraction whose numerator and denominator represent the same…

cross product

The product of numbers diagonal from each other in a comparis…

rational number

terminating decimal

repeating dcimal

reciprocals

A number that can be written as a quotient of two integers.

The division ends because you obtain a final remainder of zero.

A digit or block of digits in the quotient repeats without end.

Two nonzero numbers whose product is 1.

rational number

A number that can be written as a quotient of two integers.

terminating decimal

The division ends because you obtain a final remainder of zero.

perpendicular lines

parallel lines

transversal line

interior angles

two lines that intersect and form right angles

two lines that do not intersect

a line that intersects two other lines and forms at least eig…

the four inside angles formed by two lines cut by a transversal

perpendicular lines

two lines that intersect and form right angles

parallel lines

two lines that do not intersect

ratio

rate

unit rate

complex fraction

A comparison of two numbers by division.

A ratio of two measurement having different units.

A rate simplified so that it has a denominator of 1.

A fraction with a numerator and/or denominator that is also a…

ratio

A comparison of two numbers by division.

rate

A ratio of two measurement having different units.

Degree of a polynomial

Depressed polynomial

End behavior

Extrema

The degree of the monomial with the greatest degree.

A polynomial that has a degree that is one less than the orig…

the behavior of the graph as X approaches positive infinity o…

the maximum and minimum values of a function.

Degree of a polynomial

The degree of the monomial with the greatest degree.

Depressed polynomial

A polynomial that has a degree that is one less than the orig…

multiple

LCM

LCD

terminating decimal

the product of that number and any nonzero number

least common multiple of two or more numbers is the least num…

least common denominator of two or more fractions is the leas…

a decimal with a finite number of digits

multiple

the product of that number and any nonzero number

LCM

least common multiple of two or more numbers is the least num…