#### Study sets matching "pre algebra vocabulary chapter 5"

#### Study sets matching "pre algebra vocabulary chapter 5"

improper fraction

lowest terms of a fraction

Rational Number

Mixed Number

a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator

A fraction is in lowest terms if the GCF of numerator and den…

Any number that can be written a/b , where a and b are intege…

A number consisting of an integer and a proper fraction.

improper fraction

a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator

lowest terms of a fraction

A fraction is in lowest terms if the GCF of numerator and den…

Order of Operations

Constant

Equation

Root of the equation

PEMDAS

a number in an expression that does not change such as 2 or -…

a mathematical sentence stating that two quantities are equal…

the number substituted for a variable that makes the equation…

Order of Operations

PEMDAS

Constant

a number in an expression that does not change such as 2 or -…

formula

perimeter

area

inequality

an equation that shows a relationship among certain quantities.

the distance around a geometric figure

the measure of the surface enclosed by a figure

a mathematical sentence that compares quantities that are not…

formula

an equation that shows a relationship among certain quantities.

perimeter

the distance around a geometric figure

similar

proportion

unit price

corresponding sides

used to describe figures having the same shape but not necess…

an equation that states that two ratios are equivalent

a unit rate used to compare price per item

sides of similar figures having the same relative position

similar

used to describe figures having the same shape but not necess…

proportion

an equation that states that two ratios are equivalent

arithmetic series (sequence)

common multiple

geometric sequence

least common multiple

A set of numbers in which the difference between any two numb…

A multiple that two or more numbers share.

A sequence in which each term is found by multiplying the pre…

The smallest multiple (other than zero) that two or more numb…

arithmetic series (sequence)

A set of numbers in which the difference between any two numb…

common multiple

A multiple that two or more numbers share.

arithmetic series(sequence)

common multiple

geometric sequence

least common multiple

A set of numbers in which the difference between any two numb…

A number that is a multiple of two or more numbers.

A sequence in which each term is found by multiplying the pre…

The smallest multiple (other than zero) that two or more numb…

arithmetic series(sequence)

A set of numbers in which the difference between any two numb…

common multiple

A number that is a multiple of two or more numbers.

Rational Numbers

Irrational Numbers

Natural Number

Whole number

Any number that can be expressed as a fraction

Any number that can't be written as an integer over an intege…

All positive integers (not including zero)

Natural numbers ( counting numbers) and zero; 0, 1, 2, 3...

Rational Numbers

Any number that can be expressed as a fraction

Irrational Numbers

Any number that can't be written as an integer over an intege…

Constant

Variable

Equation

Root of the Equation

A number in an expression that does not change, such as 2, -6…

A symbol that stands for a value that may vary.

A mathematical sentence stating that two quantities are equal…

The number substituted for a variable that makes the equation…

Constant

A number in an expression that does not change, such as 2, -6…

Variable

A symbol that stands for a value that may vary.

point

line

segment

plane

names a location

is perfectly straight and extends forever in both directions

part of a line between two points

perfectly flat surface that extends forever in all directions

point

names a location

line

is perfectly straight and extends forever in both directions

ratio

rate

unit rate

complex fractions

a comparison of two quantities by division

a ratio of two quantities having different kinds of units

when a rate is simplified so that it has a denominator of 1

fractions with one or more fractions in the numerator, denomi…

ratio

a comparison of two quantities by division

rate

a ratio of two quantities having different kinds of units

arithmetic series (sequence)

common multiple

geometric sequence

least common multiple

A set of numbers in which the difference between any two numb…

A multiple that two or more numbers share.

A sequence in which each term is found by multiplying the pre…

The smallest multiple (other than zero) that two or more numb…

arithmetic series (sequence)

A set of numbers in which the difference between any two numb…

common multiple

A multiple that two or more numbers share.

Area

Formula

Identity

Inequality

The number of square units required to cover a surface.

(mathematics) a standard procedure for solving a class of mat…

An equation that is true for all values of the variable.

A mathematical sentence that contains less than, greater than…

Area

The number of square units required to cover a surface.

Formula

(mathematics) a standard procedure for solving a class of mat…

Area -

Formula -

Identity -

Inequality -

The measure of the surface enclosed by a geometric figure.

An equation that shows a relationship among certain quantities.

An equation that is true for every value of the variable.

A mathematical sentence that contains <,>,<,>, or a not equal…

Area -

The measure of the surface enclosed by a geometric figure.

Formula -

An equation that shows a relationship among certain quantities.

Terminating Decimal

Mixed Number

Repeating Decimal

Bar Notation

A decimal that ends

A whole number and a fraction

A decimal with a repeating group of numbers that go on indefi…

A bar that goes over numbers that repeat in a repeating decim…

Terminating Decimal

A decimal that ends

Mixed Number

A whole number and a fraction

decimal

decimal point

scientific notation

tally

a number written with a dot; values of places to the left of…

the dot in a decimal; it separates the part greater than 1 fr…

a number written as the product of two factors; the first fac…

a way to keep a count

decimal

a number written with a dot; values of places to the left of…

decimal point

the dot in a decimal; it separates the part greater than 1 fr…

Decimal

Decimal point

Scientific Notation

Tally

a number written with a dot; values of places to the left of…

the dot in a decimal; it separates the part greater than 1 th…

a number written as two factors; the first factor is a decima…

a way to keep a count .

Decimal

a number written with a dot; values of places to the left of…

Decimal point

the dot in a decimal; it separates the part greater than 1 th…

decimal

decimal point

scientific notation

tally

a number written with a dot; values of places to the left of…

the dot in a decimal; it separates the part greater than 1 fr…

a number written as the product of two factors; the first fac…

a way to keep a count

decimal

a number written with a dot; values of places to the left of…

decimal point

the dot in a decimal; it separates the part greater than 1 fr…

Dimensional Analysis

Improper Fraction

Least Common Denominator

Least Common Multiple

Using conversion factors to change from one unit of measure t…

A fraction whose numerator is bigger than the denominator and…

The least common denominator between two or more fractions.

The least common multiple between two or more numbers.

Dimensional Analysis

Using conversion factors to change from one unit of measure t…

Improper Fraction

A fraction whose numerator is bigger than the denominator and…

Compare

Contrast

Support

Complex Fraction

To look at two or more things closely in order to tell all th…

To look at two or more things closely in order to tell all th…

To provide with substantiation.

A fraction that has at least one fraction in the numerator, d…

Compare

To look at two or more things closely in order to tell all th…

Contrast

To look at two or more things closely in order to tell all th…

complex fractions

congruent

constant of proportionality

corresponding parts

A fraction where the numerator, denominator, or both contain…

Having the same size and shape... corresponding... Having the sam…

the unit rate in a proportional relationship... the common rati…

Figures or sides or angles that have the same relative positi…

complex fractions

A fraction where the numerator, denominator, or both contain…

congruent

Having the same size and shape... corresponding... Having the sam…

perpendicular lines

parallel lines

transversal line

interior angles

two lines that intersect and form right angles

two lines that do not intersect

a line that intersects two other lines and forms at least eig…

the four inside angles formed by two lines cut by a transversal

perpendicular lines

two lines that intersect and form right angles

parallel lines

two lines that do not intersect

alternate exterior angles

alternate interior angles

complementary angles

coordinate plane

two angles that lie outside the two liones on opposite sides…

two angles that lie between the two lines on opposite sides o…

the sum of two angles measures 90 degrees

formed by the intersection of ahorizontal number line and a v…

alternate exterior angles

two angles that lie outside the two liones on opposite sides…

alternate interior angles

two angles that lie between the two lines on opposite sides o…

Constant of proportionality

Cross products

Equivalent ratios

Indirect measurement

The value of the ratio of quantities in a proportional relati…

For two ratios, the cross products are found by multiplying t…

Two ratios that name the same number are equivalent ratios. E…

Indirect measurement uses proportions and similar figures to…

Constant of proportionality

The value of the ratio of quantities in a proportional relati…

Cross products

For two ratios, the cross products are found by multiplying t…

ratio

rate

unit rate

complex fraction

A comparison of two numbers by division.

A ratio of two measurement having different units.

A rate simplified so that it has a denominator of 1.

A fraction with a numerator and/or denominator that is also a…

ratio

A comparison of two numbers by division.

rate

A ratio of two measurement having different units.

complex fraction

congruent

constant of proportionality

corresponding parts

a fraction with a numerator and/or denominator that is also a…

to be the same in size and shape

a constant ratio or unit rate of a proportion

parts of congruent or similar figures that match

complex fraction

a fraction with a numerator and/or denominator that is also a…

congruent

to be the same in size and shape

improper fraction

lowest terms of a fraction

Rational Number

Mixed Number

a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator

A fraction is in lowest terms if the GCF of numerator and den…

Any number that can be written a/b , where a and b are intege…

A number consisting of an integer and a proper fraction.

improper fraction

a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator

lowest terms of a fraction

A fraction is in lowest terms if the GCF of numerator and den…

Degree of a polynomial

Depressed polynomial

End behavior

Extrema

The degree of the monomial with the greatest degree.

A polynomial that has a degree that is one less than the orig…

the behavior of the graph as X approaches positive infinity o…

the maximum and minimum values of a function.

Degree of a polynomial

The degree of the monomial with the greatest degree.

Depressed polynomial

A polynomial that has a degree that is one less than the orig…

Perpendicular Lines

Parallel Lines

Remote Interior Angles

Polygon

Two lines that intersect from right angles.

Lines in the same plane that never cross or intersect.

The angles of a triangle that are not adjacent to a given ext…

A simple, closed figure formed by three or more line segments.

Perpendicular Lines

Two lines that intersect from right angles.

Parallel Lines

Lines in the same plane that never cross or intersect.

Dimensional analysis

Least common denominator

Least common multiple

Multiple

Equivalent units to write a conversation factor

Two or more fractions is the LCM of the denominations

The common multiple 12 is their LCM

Of a number is the product of that number and any nonzero who…

Dimensional analysis

Equivalent units to write a conversation factor

Least common denominator

Two or more fractions is the LCM of the denominations

Alternate exterior angles

Alternate interior angles

Converse of Pythagorean theorem

Corresponding angles

Exterior angles that lie on opposite sides of the transversal…

Into the angles that lie on the opposite side of the transver…

If the sides of a triangle have length A, B, and C units such…

Angles are in the same position on the two lines in relation…

Alternate exterior angles

Exterior angles that lie on opposite sides of the transversal…

Alternate interior angles

Into the angles that lie on the opposite side of the transver…

Dimensional Analysis

LCD

LCM

Multiple

Conversion factors to change from ome unit of measure to anot…

Comparing the numerators with two or more fractions

The common multiple

A number that is the product of Amy nonzero whole number

Dimensional Analysis

Conversion factors to change from ome unit of measure to anot…

LCD

Comparing the numerators with two or more fractions

Acute Angle

Acute Triangle

Angle

Arc

An angle that is less than 90 degrees

A triangle that contains only angles that are less than 90 de…

A figure created by two distinct rays that share a common end…

An unbroken part of a circle

Acute Angle

An angle that is less than 90 degrees

Acute Triangle

A triangle that contains only angles that are less than 90 de…

dimensional analysis

least common denominator

least common multiple

multiple

a process of analyzing units to decide which conversion facto…

of two or more fractions is the least number that is a common…

of two or more numbers is the least number that is a common m…

the product of that number and any nonzero whole number

dimensional analysis

a process of analyzing units to decide which conversion facto…

least common denominator

of two or more fractions is the least number that is a common…

Terminating decimal

Mixed number

Repeating decimal

Bar notation

If the division ends, or terminates, when the remainder is ze…

The sum of a whole number and a fraction

0.666666666....

0.66666666 = 0.-... 6

Terminating decimal

If the division ends, or terminates, when the remainder is ze…

Mixed number

The sum of a whole number and a fraction

Perpendicular Lines

Parallel Lines

Transversal

Interior Angles

Two lines that intersect in a plane and form a right angle.

Two lines that are in the same plane but do not ever intersect.

A line that intersects two or more lines.

Angles that lie inside parallel lines of a transversal.

Perpendicular Lines

Two lines that intersect in a plane and form a right angle.

Parallel Lines

Two lines that are in the same plane but do not ever intersect.

Dimensional analysis

Least common denominator

Least common multiple

Multiple

A process of anaylzing units to decide which conversion facto…

Of two or more fractions is the least number that is common (…

Of two or more Numbers is the least number that is a common m…

A number is the product of that number and any nonzero whole…

Dimensional analysis

A process of anaylzing units to decide which conversion facto…

Least common denominator

Of two or more fractions is the least number that is common (…

Acute Angle

Acute Triangle

Angle

Arc

An angle that is less than 90 degrees

A triangle that contains only angles that are less than 90 de…

A figure created by two distinct rays that share a common end…

An unbroken part of a circle

Acute Angle

An angle that is less than 90 degrees

Acute Triangle

A triangle that contains only angles that are less than 90 de…

Terminating Decimal

Mixed Number

Repeating Decimal

Bar notation

A decimal whose digits end. Also can be written as a fraction…

The indicated sum of a whole number and a fraction.

A decimal whose digits repeat in groups of one or more.

In repeating decimals the line placed over the digits that re…

Terminating Decimal

A decimal whose digits end. Also can be written as a fraction…

Mixed Number

The indicated sum of a whole number and a fraction.

common denominators

straight across

keep, change, flip.

rational number

To add/subtract fractions you need...

When you multiply fractions, multiply....

The three words to remember when dividing fractions are....

Any number that can be written as a fraction is called a...

common denominators

To add/subtract fractions you need...

straight across

When you multiply fractions, multiply....

Denominator

Rational Number

Terminating Decimal

Absolute Value

The total group. The bottom of a fraction

A _____ is a number that can be written as the quotient of tw…

A decimal that has a final digit

The ______ of a number is its distance from 0 on a number lin…

Denominator

The total group. The bottom of a fraction

Rational Number

A _____ is a number that can be written as the quotient of tw…

Rational Number

Terminating Decimal

Repeating Decimal

Multiplicative Inverse

A number that can be written as a quotient (answer to divisio…

A decimal that has a final digit. It can be written as a quot…

A decimal that has a digit or block of digits that repeat wit…

The multiplicative inverse of a nonzero number a/b where a an…

Rational Number

A number that can be written as a quotient (answer to divisio…

Terminating Decimal

A decimal that has a final digit. It can be written as a quot…

complex fractions

congruent

constant of proportionality

corresponding parts

A fraction with a numerator and/or denominator that is also a…

Line segments that have the same length, or angles that have…

A constant ratio or unit rate of a proportion.

Parts of congruent or similar figures that match.

complex fractions

A fraction with a numerator and/or denominator that is also a…

congruent

Line segments that have the same length, or angles that have…

rational numbers

terminating decimal

repeating decimal

reciprocals

numbers that can be written as a quotient of two integers. A…

divisions ends because we obtain a final remainder of zero

a digit or a block of digits in the quotient repeats without…

two nonzero numbers who's product is 1 (flip the fraction over)

rational numbers

numbers that can be written as a quotient of two integers. A…

terminating decimal

divisions ends because we obtain a final remainder of zero

Complex Fraction

Congruent

Constant of Proportionality

Corresponding Parts

A fraction with a numerator and/or denominator that is also a…

Lines that have the same length or angles that have the same…

A constant ratio or unit rate of a proportion

Parts of congruent or similar figures that match

Complex Fraction

A fraction with a numerator and/or denominator that is also a…

Congruent

Lines that have the same length or angles that have the same…

decimal

decimal point

scientific notation

tally

a number written with a dot; values of places to the left of…

the dot in a decimal; it separates the part greater than 1 fr…

a number written as the product of two factors; the first fac…

a way to keep count

decimal

a number written with a dot; values of places to the left of…

decimal point

the dot in a decimal; it separates the part greater than 1 fr…

Acute Angle

Acute Triangle

Angle

Arc

An angle that is less than 90 degrees

A triangle that contains only angles that are less than 90 de…

A figure created by two distinct rays that share a common end…

An unbroken part of a circle

Acute Angle

An angle that is less than 90 degrees

Acute Triangle

A triangle that contains only angles that are less than 90 de…

balance

discount

interest

interest rate

the principal plus the interest earned

the amount the price of an item is reduced

the amount of money paid for the use of borrowed money

the rate, usually expressed as a percent, used to calculate i…

balance

the principal plus the interest earned

discount

the amount the price of an item is reduced