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Study sets matching "pre ap chemistry"

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Study sets matching "pre ap chemistry"

21 terms
Graphs Review Pre and AP Chemistry
First order reaction
Second order reaction
Zero order reaction
Boyle's Law
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is ln[A]…
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is 1/[A]…
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is [A] v…
Topic applied to: Gas laws... What to look for: ... Y axis is V (Vo…
First order reaction
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is ln[A]…
Second order reaction
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is 1/[A]…
45 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Final
How do you calculate the molar mass of…
What is needed to convert moles of a s…
What is needed to convert atoms to mol…
State the law of conservation of mass.
You add all of the masses together.
Moles to Mass = Multiply by Molar Mass
Divide by Avogadro's number
Mass cannot be created or destroyed; only changed.
How do you calculate the molar mass of…
You add all of the masses together.
What is needed to convert moles of a s…
Moles to Mass = Multiply by Molar Mass
25 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Lab Equipment
beaker
beaker tongs
bunsen burner
buret clamp
general purpose glass container for mixing and heating; the w…
used when moving hot glass containers with straight sides
heating source fueled by flammable gas
used during titrations to hold the buret
beaker
general purpose glass container for mixing and heating; the w…
beaker tongs
used when moving hot glass containers with straight sides
112 terms
Fall Chemistry PreAp
Liquid
Solid
Plasma
Gas
indefinite shape, definite volume (slow KE)
definite shape, definite volume (slower KE)
indefinite shape, indefinite volume (very fast KE)
indefinite shape, indefinite volume (fast KE)
Liquid
indefinite shape, definite volume (slow KE)
Solid
definite shape, definite volume (slower KE)
45 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry : Equipment
Graduated Cylinder
Digital Thermometer
Eudiometer Tube or Gas Collecting Tube
Rubber Policeman
Graduated Cylinder
Digital Thermometer
39 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Nomenclature
-ate
-ite
Nitrite
Nitrate
With all oxygens
With one oxgyen taken away
NO₂⁻
NO₃⁻
-ate
With all oxygens
-ite
With one oxgyen taken away
172 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Midterm
measurement
accuracy
precision
sig figs
a comparison of the physical quantity being measured with a f…
refers to how close a measurement is to the true or correct v…
refers to how close a set of measurements for a quantity are…
those digits in a measurement that can be determined accurate…
measurement
a comparison of the physical quantity being measured with a f…
accuracy
refers to how close a measurement is to the true or correct v…
32 terms
Chemistry Pre-AP: Matter
matter
mass
volume
intensive property
anything with mass and volume
the amount of matter in a object
the amount of space an object takes up
a property that does not depend of the system's size or amoun…
matter
anything with mass and volume
mass
the amount of matter in a object
92 terms
Pre AP chemistry review
Nitrate
Perchlorate
Cyanide
Ammonium
NO₃⁻
ClO₄⁻
CN⁻
NH₄⁺
Nitrate
NO₃⁻
Perchlorate
ClO₄⁻
42 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Apparatus List
Erlenmeyer Flask
Florence Flask
Beaker
Test Tubes
Erlenmeyer Flask
Florence Flask
46 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Electromagnetic Spectrum
What is the sign for wavelength?
What is the sign for frequency?
What is the formula for calculating wa…
What does the electromagnetic spectrum…
all forms of radiation
What is the sign for wavelength?
What is the sign for frequency?
36 terms
Chemistry Pre-AP Equipment
Beaker
Buret
Mortar and Pestle
Watch glass
Holds solids and liquids. May be heated. Not used for measuri…
Accurately measures solutions used in titrations.
Used to grind up materials into finer particals
Covers a beaker or evaporating dish to control losses. Does n…
Beaker
Holds solids and liquids. May be heated. Not used for measuri…
Buret
Accurately measures solutions used in titrations.
70 terms
Chemistry Pre-AP
If the temperature of a fixed quantity…
What is the value of the gas constant?
Which substance has the lowest density…
The kinetic-molecular theory explains…
its volume decreases
0.0821 L*atm... mol*K
H2O(g)
the forces that act between the particles
If the temperature of a fixed quantity…
its volume decreases
What is the value of the gas constant?
0.0821 L*atm... mol*K
34 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Chapter 4
Quanta
Opposite Spin
Ground State
Electric Cloud
Max Planck proposed that a "hot" object radiated in small, sp…
The spin quantum of an electron can be thought of as describi…
The lowest total energy of the electron in a hydrogen atom oc…
The part of the atom where the electrons are found is the ___…
Quanta
Max Planck proposed that a "hot" object radiated in small, sp…
Opposite Spin
The spin quantum of an electron can be thought of as describi…
5 terms
Chemistry Pre-AP: Molecular shapes
linear
trigonal planar
tetrahedral
trigonal pyramidal
linear
trigonal planar
52 terms
Pre-Ap Chemistry Midterm
What is density?
What is matter?
The measure of the amount of matter is?
A pure substance made up of only one k…
ratio of mass to volume or... mass divided by volume
anything that has mass and takes up space
mass
element
What is density?
ratio of mass to volume or... mass divided by volume
What is matter?
anything that has mass and takes up space
Chemistry PreAP Ions
acetate
Perchlorate
Chlorate
Chlorite
C₂H₃O₂¹⁻
ClO₄¹⁻
ClO₃¹⁻
ClO₂¹⁻
acetate
C₂H₃O₂¹⁻
Perchlorate
ClO₄¹⁻
21 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Midterm
acostumbrarse
atreverse
ayudar
negarse
a
a
a
a
acostumbrarse
a
atreverse
a
21 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry: Matter
Chemistry
matter
mass
physical property
study of matter and all of the changes it undergoes
anything that has mass and takes up space
measurement that reflects the amount of matter
characteristic that can be observed without changing the comp…
Chemistry
study of matter and all of the changes it undergoes
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
11 terms
Pre AP Chemistry elements
1 Na
2 K
3 Fe
4 Cu
Sodium... Natrium
Potassium ... Kalium
Iron... Ferrum
Copper... Cuprum
1 Na
Sodium... Natrium
2 K
Potassium ... Kalium
21 terms
PreAP Chemistry
Acetate
Hypochlorite
Chlorite
Chlorate
anions -1 charge
anions -1 charge
anions -1 charge
anions -1 charge
Acetate
anions -1 charge
Hypochlorite
anions -1 charge
74 terms
Pre Ap Chemistry
H
Li
Be
Na
Hydrogen
Lithium
Beryllium
Sodium
H
Hydrogen
Li
Lithium
15 terms
Pre-Ap Chemistry Scientists
Democritus
Aristotle
Antoine LaVoisier
Joseph Proust
World made of two things - empty space and tiny particles cal…
Matter was continuous and not made of particles, however he b…
In a reaction, matter can be changed, but cannot be created o…
In compounds, there is a fixed composition of mass - EACH com…
Democritus
World made of two things - empty space and tiny particles cal…
Aristotle
Matter was continuous and not made of particles, however he b…
30 terms
Pre ap chemistry
Pressure is the force per unit
What is the SI unit of force
What does the constant bombardment of…
Which instrument measures atmospheric…
surface area
newton
pressure
barometer
Pressure is the force per unit
surface area
What is the SI unit of force
newton
11 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry
Properties of Elements
Properties of Compounds
Properties of Mixtures
Homogeneous
Made up of only one kind of atom, cannot be broken down, has…
Made up of more than one type of atom, can be broken down by…
Made up of more than one type of molecule, can be separated b…
Same throughout
Properties of Elements
Made up of only one kind of atom, cannot be broken down, has…
Properties of Compounds
Made up of more than one type of atom, can be broken down by…
10 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry-alkanes
1
2
3
4
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
1
Methane
2
Ethane
39 terms
pre ap chemistry element
aufbaus principle
paulis exclusion principle
hunds rule
sublevels
electrons are added to tge lowest enerfy level first
eah orbital can only hold two electrons w opposite spins
fill up empty orbitals before making pairs
s,p,d,f
aufbaus principle
electrons are added to tge lowest enerfy level first
paulis exclusion principle
eah orbital can only hold two electrons w opposite spins
20 terms
Pre-Ap Chemistry Safety
Beaker
Test Tube
Test Tube Rack
Funnel
Beaker
Test Tube
45 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Atomic Theory
Compound
Law of definte proportions
law of conservation of mass
Atoms are the building blocks of matter
A pure substance cmposed of two or more atoms of two or more…
states that any chemical compound will always contain a fixed…
states the mass of the reactants in a reaction equals the mas…
Atomic Theory
Atoms are the building blocks of matter
Compound
A pure substance cmposed of two or more atoms of two or more…
51 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Elements
Li
Be
P
He
Lithium
Beryllium
Phosphorus
Helium
Li
Lithium
Be
Beryllium
20 terms
Pre AP Chemistry ENERGY
Endothermic
Exothermic
Thermal Energy
Intermolecular Forces(IMF)
Absorbs energy...melting ice, instant cold packs
Releases energy...candle burning, hand warmers, glow sticks,…
Energy associated with the constant motion of particles
Attractive forces between molecules
Endothermic
Absorbs energy...melting ice, instant cold packs
Exothermic
Releases energy...candle burning, hand warmers, glow sticks,…
59 terms
Elements for Chemistry PreAP
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
Hydrogen
He
Helium
77 terms
Chemistry Pre-AP Elements
Actinium
Aluminum
Antimony
Argon
Symbol: Ac... Atomic Number: 89
Symbol: Al... Atomic Number: 13
Symbol: Sb... Atomic Number: 51
Symbol: Ar... Atomic Number: 18
Actinium
Symbol: Ac... Atomic Number: 89
Aluminum
Symbol: Al... Atomic Number: 13
25 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry
H2PO4 -
C2H3O2 -
HSO3 -
HSO4 -
Dihydrogen Phosphate
Acetate
Hydrogen Sulfite
Hydrogen Sulfate
H2PO4 -
Dihydrogen Phosphate
C2H3O2 -
Acetate
25 terms
Common polyatomic Ions for pre-AP chemistry
Ammonium
Hydrogen carbonate or bicarbonate
Nitrite
Nitrate
NH₄⁺
HCO₃⁻
NO₂⁻
NO₃⁻
Ammonium
NH₄⁺
Hydrogen carbonate or bicarbonate
HCO₃⁻
25 terms
unit 2 Pre AP Chemistry
chemical change
chemical property
chemistry
chromatography
A change that produces matter with a different composition th…
The ability of a substance to undergo a specific chemical cha…
The study of the composition of matter and the changes it und…
the separation of a mixture by passing it in solution or susp…
chemical change
A change that produces matter with a different composition th…
chemical property
The ability of a substance to undergo a specific chemical cha…
18 terms
Pre-Ap Chemistry ~ Chemistry Equipment
Funnel
Watchglass
Beaker
Graduated Cylinder
Used to transfer liquids into small mouthed containers
Used as a cover to prevent heated materials from spattering o…
Used to hold liquids. (Not used for measuring volume, except…
Used for measuring the volume of liquids precisely.
Funnel
Used to transfer liquids into small mouthed containers
Watchglass
Used as a cover to prevent heated materials from spattering o…
20 terms
Chemistry PreAP LT8A
organic chemistry
catenation
inorganic substances
organic substances
the study of carbon-containing compounds that includes both l…
the covalent stable bonding of an element to itself to form c…
non-living matter that doesn't contain carbon... 1. most unchang…
living matter, can also be synthesized from inorganic materia…
organic chemistry
the study of carbon-containing compounds that includes both l…
catenation
the covalent stable bonding of an element to itself to form c…
14 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Atomic Structure
Protons
Electrons
Neutrons
Subatomic Particles
a stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
a stable subatomic particle with a charge of negative electri…
a subatomic particle of about the same mass as a proton but w…
a particle smaller than an atom (e.g., a neutron) or a cluste…
Protons
a stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
Electrons
a stable subatomic particle with a charge of negative electri…
60 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Elements
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
26 terms
Pre-AP Science (chemistry)
atomic number
atomic mass
mass number
alkali metals
protons
The average mass of all the isotopes, in amu, of an element (…
protons+neutrons
group 1, soft and silvery, reactive with halogens (Li, Na, K)…
atomic number
protons
atomic mass
The average mass of all the isotopes, in amu, of an element (…
25 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Exam 2
wavelength- distance from crest to cre…
Electromagnetic Spectrum
equation to find the speed of light
equation to find energy
speed of light = wavelength x frequency
energy= plank's constant x frequency
wavelength- distance from crest to cre…
Electromagnetic Spectrum
45 terms
Pre AP Chemistry
The maximum number of electrons that c…
The number of orbitals that can be fou…
The shape of a 3p orbital is _________…
The principal quantum number indicates…
8
3
Dumb-bell
energy
The maximum number of electrons that c…
8
The number of orbitals that can be fou…
3
20 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry 4A
Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle
Quantum Mechanics
Schrödinger
Main Energy Level
It is impossible to know both the position and velocity of an…
Describes mathematically the wave properties of an electron a…
Applied the principles of wave mechanics to derive informatio…
Principal quantum number. Designated n; n can have values fro…
Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle
It is impossible to know both the position and velocity of an…
Quantum Mechanics
Describes mathematically the wave properties of an electron a…
19 terms
Pre-Ap Chemistry
What did John Dalton do
What John dalton postulate is wrong
What did the "Billard ball " model loo…
What elements are almost alike
Made the "billard ball" model
Atoms cannot be separated or divided to form new atoms
It rejects all light waves
Elements in the same column
What did John Dalton do
Made the "billard ball" model
What John dalton postulate is wrong
Atoms cannot be separated or divided to form new atoms
36 terms
Chemistry Pre- AP Vocabulary
Chemistry
Matter
Mass
Volume
the study of matter and how it changes
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
Amount of space occupied by an object (any form)
Chemistry
the study of matter and how it changes
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
35 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Chapter 1
scientific method
measurement
hypothesis
theory
the process that is the most important to scientific inquiry
a quantitative observation that invovles numbers and units
a possible explanation for an observation
an explanation of behavior
scientific method
the process that is the most important to scientific inquiry
measurement
a quantitative observation that invovles numbers and units
25 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Vocabulary
Covalent bond
Diatomic molecule
Molecular compound
Molecular formula
A bond formed by the sharing of electron between atoms
A molecule consisting of two atoms
A compound that is composed of molecules
A chemical formula of a molecular compound that shows the kin…
Covalent bond
A bond formed by the sharing of electron between atoms
Diatomic molecule
A molecule consisting of two atoms
31 terms
PreAP Chemistry
Basic safety attire worn in the lab
If an accident or spill occurs, you sh…
When mixing acid and water, always mix…
Solid
Apron/lab coat, non-baggy clothing, pants that cover legs com…
alert the teacher
acid to the water
definite volume, definite shape, molecules organized in a set…
Basic safety attire worn in the lab
Apron/lab coat, non-baggy clothing, pants that cover legs com…
If an accident or spill occurs, you sh…
alert the teacher
12 terms
Chemistry PreAP LT 2C
groups
alkali metals
alkaline earth metals
carbon group
(aka families) vertical columns... elements in the same have sim…
group 1(1A)
group 2(2A)
group 14(4A)
groups
(aka families) vertical columns... elements in the same have sim…
alkali metals
group 1(1A)
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