Study sets matching "pre ap chemistry"

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Study sets matching "pre ap chemistry"

Pre-AP Chemistry Final
How do you calculate the molar mass of…
What is needed to convert moles of a s…
What is needed to convert atoms to mol…
State the law of conservation of mass.
You add all of the masses together.
Moles to Mass = Multiply by Molar Mass
Divide by Avogadro's number
Mass cannot be created or destroyed; only changed.
How do you calculate the molar mass of…
You add all of the masses together.
What is needed to convert moles of a s…
Moles to Mass = Multiply by Molar Mass
21 terms
Graphs Review Pre and AP Chemistry
First order reaction
Second order reaction
Zero order reaction
Boyle's Law
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is ln[A]…
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is 1/[A]…
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is [A] v…
Topic applied to: Gas laws... What to look for: ... Y axis is V (Vo…
First order reaction
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is ln[A]…
Second order reaction
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is 1/[A]…
25 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Lab Equipment
beaker
beaker tongs
bunsen burner
buret clamp
general purpose glass container for mixing and heating; the w…
used when moving hot glass containers with straight sides
heating source fueled by flammable gas
used during titrations to hold the buret
beaker
general purpose glass container for mixing and heating; the w…
beaker tongs
used when moving hot glass containers with straight sides
Chemistry Pre-AP: Matter
matter
mass
volume
intensive property
anything with mass and volume
the amount of matter in a object
the amount of space an object takes up
a property that does not depend of the system's size or amoun…
matter
anything with mass and volume
mass
the amount of matter in a object
112 terms
Fall Chemistry PreAp
Liquid
Solid
Plasma
Gas
indefinite shape, definite volume (slow KE)
definite shape, definite volume (slower KE)
indefinite shape, indefinite volume (very fast KE)
indefinite shape, indefinite volume (fast KE)
Liquid
indefinite shape, definite volume (slow KE)
Solid
definite shape, definite volume (slower KE)
45 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry : Equipment
Graduated Cylinder
Digital Thermometer
Eudiometer Tube or Gas Collecting Tube
Rubber Policeman
Graduated Cylinder
Digital Thermometer
172 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Midterm
measurement
accuracy
precision
sig figs
a comparison of the physical quantity being measured with a f…
refers to how close a measurement is to the true or correct v…
refers to how close a set of measurements for a quantity are…
those digits in a measurement that can be determined accurate…
measurement
a comparison of the physical quantity being measured with a f…
accuracy
refers to how close a measurement is to the true or correct v…
Pre-AP Chemistry Apparatus List
Erlenmeyer Flask
Florence Flask
Beaker
Test Tubes
Erlenmeyer Flask
Florence Flask
70 terms
Chemistry Pre-AP
If the temperature of a fixed quantity…
What is the value of the gas constant?
Which substance has the lowest density…
The kinetic-molecular theory explains…
its volume decreases
0.0821 L*atm... mol*K
H2O(g)
the forces that act between the particles
If the temperature of a fixed quantity…
its volume decreases
What is the value of the gas constant?
0.0821 L*atm... mol*K
12 terms
PreAP Chemistry
chemical formula
chemical equation
reactants
products
A combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
A representation of a chemical reaction that uses symbols to…
A starting material in a chemical reaction
The elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction.
chemical formula
A combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
chemical equation
A representation of a chemical reaction that uses symbols to…
Chemistry Midterm Pre-AP
Sig Figs
Density
Volume Displacement
Percent Error
Multiplication/Division: Same # of sig figs as the least numb…
D=Mass/Volume ... -an intensive physical property... -density of wa…
Volume final- volume initial= volume of irregular object
% error=... (experimental-actual value)... ----------------------…
Sig Figs
Multiplication/Division: Same # of sig figs as the least numb…
Density
D=Mass/Volume ... -an intensive physical property... -density of wa…
Chemistry Pre-AP Equipment
Beaker
Buret
Mortar and Pestle
Watch glass
Holds solids and liquids. May be heated. Not used for measuri…
Accurately measures solutions used in titrations.
Used to grind up materials into finer particals
Covers a beaker or evaporating dish to control losses. Does n…
Beaker
Holds solids and liquids. May be heated. Not used for measuri…
Buret
Accurately measures solutions used in titrations.
34 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Chapter 4
Quanta
Opposite Spin
Ground State
Electric Cloud
Max Planck proposed that a "hot" object radiated in small, sp…
The spin quantum of an electron can be thought of as describi…
The lowest total energy of the electron in a hydrogen atom oc…
The part of the atom where the electrons are found is the ___…
Quanta
Max Planck proposed that a "hot" object radiated in small, sp…
Opposite Spin
The spin quantum of an electron can be thought of as describi…
Pre-AP Chemistry Nomenclature
-ate
-ite
Nitrite
Nitrate
With all oxygens
With one oxgyen taken away
NO₂⁻
NO₃⁻
-ate
With all oxygens
-ite
With one oxgyen taken away
90 terms
PreAP Chemistry Midterm
quantitative date (measurement)
qualitative date
accuracy
precision
data expressing a certain quantity, around or range. ... ex. kil…
measurement not expressed in terms of numbers, but in means o…
closeness of data points to the actual answer. Average is clo…
closeness of data points to each other. Data points is nearly…
quantitative date (measurement)
data expressing a certain quantity, around or range. ... ex. kil…
qualitative date
measurement not expressed in terms of numbers, but in means o…
21 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Midterm
acostumbrarse
atreverse
ayudar
negarse
a
a
a
a
acostumbrarse
a
atreverse
a
52 terms
Pre-Ap Chemistry Midterm
What is density?
What is matter?
The measure of the amount of matter is?
A pure substance made up of only one k…
ratio of mass to volume or... mass divided by volume
anything that has mass and takes up space
mass
element
What is density?
ratio of mass to volume or... mass divided by volume
What is matter?
anything that has mass and takes up space
38 terms
Chemistry PreAP Polyatomics
NH₄¹⁺
C₂H₃O₂¹⁻
CH₃COO¹⁻
OH¹⁻
ammonium
acetate
acetate
hydroxide
NH₄¹⁺
ammonium
C₂H₃O₂¹⁻
acetate
35 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Chapter 1
scientific method
measurement
hypothesis
theory
the process that is the most important to scientific inquiry
a quantitative observation that invovles numbers and units
a possible explanation for an observation
an explanation of behavior
scientific method
the process that is the most important to scientific inquiry
measurement
a quantitative observation that invovles numbers and units
74 terms
Pre Ap Chemistry
H
Li
Be
Na
Hydrogen
Lithium
Beryllium
Sodium
H
Hydrogen
Li
Lithium
30 terms
Pre ap chemistry
Pressure is the force per unit
What is the SI unit of force
What does the constant bombardment of…
Which instrument measures atmospheric…
surface area
newton
pressure
barometer
Pressure is the force per unit
surface area
What is the SI unit of force
newton
10 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry-alkanes
1
2
3
4
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
1
Methane
2
Ethane
Pre-Ap Chemistry Scientists
Democritus
Aristotle
Antoine LaVoisier
Joseph Proust
World made of two things - empty space and tiny particles cal…
Matter was continuous and not made of particles, however he b…
In a reaction, matter can be changed, but cannot be created o…
In compounds, there is a fixed composition of mass - EACH com…
Democritus
World made of two things - empty space and tiny particles cal…
Aristotle
Matter was continuous and not made of particles, however he b…
92 terms
Pre AP chemistry review
Nitrate
Perchlorate
Cyanide
Ammonium
NO₃⁻
ClO₄⁻
CN⁻
NH₄⁺
Nitrate
NO₃⁻
Perchlorate
ClO₄⁻
59 terms
Elements for Chemistry PreAP
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
Hydrogen
He
Helium
77 terms
Chemistry Pre-AP Elements
Actinium
Aluminum
Antimony
Argon
Symbol: Ac... Atomic Number: 89
Symbol: Al... Atomic Number: 13
Symbol: Sb... Atomic Number: 51
Symbol: Ar... Atomic Number: 18
Actinium
Symbol: Ac... Atomic Number: 89
Aluminum
Symbol: Al... Atomic Number: 13
466 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Review
Made of only one type of atom
Created first periodic table
Lowest temperature in F
Times per second
elemental substance
Mendeleev
-459
frequency
Made of only one type of atom
elemental substance
Created first periodic table
Mendeleev
Common Elements (PreAP Chemistry)
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
Hydrogen
He
Helium
20 terms
Pre AP Chemistry ENERGY
Endothermic
Exothermic
Thermal Energy
Intermolecular Forces(IMF)
Absorbs energy...melting ice, instant cold packs
Releases energy...candle burning, hand warmers, glow sticks,…
Energy associated with the constant motion of particles
Attractive forces between molecules
Endothermic
Absorbs energy...melting ice, instant cold packs
Exothermic
Releases energy...candle burning, hand warmers, glow sticks,…
25 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry
H2PO4 -
C2H3O2 -
HSO3 -
HSO4 -
Dihydrogen Phosphate
Acetate
Hydrogen Sulfite
Hydrogen Sulfate
H2PO4 -
Dihydrogen Phosphate
C2H3O2 -
Acetate
Pre-AP Chemistry - Unit 1B
chemistry
matter
atom
element
The study of substances composed of matter and energy and the…
has mass and takes up space
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the element's…
Pure substances that can not be broken down smaller and have…
chemistry
The study of substances composed of matter and energy and the…
matter
has mass and takes up space
45 terms
Pre AP Chemistry
The maximum number of electrons that c…
The number of orbitals that can be fou…
The shape of a 3p orbital is _________…
The principal quantum number indicates…
8
3
Dumb-bell
energy
The maximum number of electrons that c…
8
The number of orbitals that can be fou…
3
5 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry 4C
Quantum Numbers
Principal Quantum Number (n)
Azimuthal Quantum number (l)
Magnetic Quantum Number (ml)
A set of four numbers that scientists use to identify the pro…
Indicates the main energy levels or shells surrounding a nucl…
Indicates the shape of the orbital in 3D space; also known as…
Indicates the orientation of an orbital about the nucleus. ... -…
Quantum Numbers
A set of four numbers that scientists use to identify the pro…
Principal Quantum Number (n)
Indicates the main energy levels or shells surrounding a nucl…
20 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry 4A
Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle
Quantum Mechanics
Schrödinger
Main Energy Level
It is impossible to know both the position and velocity of an…
Describes mathematically the wave properties of an electron a…
Applied the principles of wave mechanics to derive informatio…
Principal quantum number. Designated n; n can have values fro…
Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle
It is impossible to know both the position and velocity of an…
Quantum Mechanics
Describes mathematically the wave properties of an electron a…
45 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Atomic Theory
Compound
Law of definte proportions
law of conservation of mass
Atoms are the building blocks of matter
A pure substance cmposed of two or more atoms of two or more…
states that any chemical compound will always contain a fixed…
states the mass of the reactants in a reaction equals the mas…
Atomic Theory
Atoms are the building blocks of matter
Compound
A pure substance cmposed of two or more atoms of two or more…
60 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Elements
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
36 terms
Chemistry Pre- AP Vocabulary
Chemistry
Matter
Mass
Volume
the study of matter and how it changes
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
Amount of space occupied by an object (any form)
Chemistry
the study of matter and how it changes
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Pre-AP Chemistry Vocabulary
Covalent bond
Diatomic molecule
Molecular compound
Molecular formula
A bond formed by the sharing of electron between atoms
A molecule consisting of two atoms
A compound that is composed of molecules
A chemical formula of a molecular compound that shows the kin…
Covalent bond
A bond formed by the sharing of electron between atoms
Diatomic molecule
A molecule consisting of two atoms
PreAP Chemistry
Basic safety attire worn in the lab
If an accident or spill occurs, you sh…
When mixing acid and water, always mix…
Solid
Apron/lab coat, non-baggy clothing, pants that cover legs com…
alert the teacher
acid to the water
definite volume, definite shape, molecules organized in a set…
Basic safety attire worn in the lab
Apron/lab coat, non-baggy clothing, pants that cover legs com…
If an accident or spill occurs, you sh…
alert the teacher
Pre-AP Chemistry Electromagnetic Spectrum
What is the sign for wavelength?
What is the sign for frequency?
What is the formula for calculating wa…
What does the electromagnetic spectrum…
all forms of radiation
What is the sign for wavelength?
What is the sign for frequency?
115 terms
Pre AP Chemistry Semester I Final
Name the six branches of chemistry
Describe organic chemistry
Describe inorganic chemistry
Describe physical chemistry
Organic, inorganic, physical, analytical, biochemistry, theor…
Study of carbon containing substances
Study of nonorganic substances
Study of the property changes in matter
Name the six branches of chemistry
Organic, inorganic, physical, analytical, biochemistry, theor…
Describe organic chemistry
Study of carbon containing substances
Pre AP Biology: Chemistry
Atoms
Subatomic Particles
Elements
4 Essential Elements
Building block of subatomic particles
Proton- positive ... Neutron- neutral ... Electron- negative
Pure substances
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Nitrogen
Atoms
Building block of subatomic particles
Subatomic Particles
Proton- positive ... Neutron- neutral ... Electron- negative
61 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Elements
Ac
Ag
Al
Ar
Actinium
Silver
Aluminum
Argon
Ac
Actinium
Ag
Silver
20 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry 2C
Dmitri Mendeleev
Henry Moseley
Metals vs. Nonmetals
Metals
Published first periodic table; organized elements in vertica…
Arranged elements in order of increasing atomic number (kept…
Divided by zig-zag line.
Found to the left of the zig-zag line; the majority of the pe…
Dmitri Mendeleev
Published first periodic table; organized elements in vertica…
Henry Moseley
Arranged elements in order of increasing atomic number (kept…
Chemistry (Pre-AP Biology)
matter
element
compound
atom
anything that takes up space and has mass to it
the simplest form of a substance that cannot be broken apart
two or more elements bonded together resulting in new chemica…
the smallest unit of matter with set chemical properties
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass to it
element
the simplest form of a substance that cannot be broken apart
Pre-AP Chemistry - Unit 2A
Democritus; 400 BC
atom
John Dalton; 1803
Atomic Theory
What scientist coined the term "atom" to describe the basic p…
The smallest particle of an element that can still retain the…
What scientist proposed the Atomic Theory and in what year?
- Matter made of small particles named atoms... - All atoms of a…
Democritus; 400 BC
What scientist coined the term "atom" to describe the basic p…
atom
The smallest particle of an element that can still retain the…
10 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry 4B
Electron Configuration Form
Valence Electrons
Lewis Dot Diagrams
Shortcut Method of Writing Electron Co…
Ex: 1s^2... 1 - Shows the principal quantum number.... s - Shows th…
The electrons present in the highest occupied energy level. T…
Only show valence electrons, because they are the electrons t…
Once you have filled up to a noble gas, place the symbol of t…
Electron Configuration Form
Ex: 1s^2... 1 - Shows the principal quantum number.... s - Shows th…
Valence Electrons
The electrons present in the highest occupied energy level. T…
14 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Atomic Structure
Protons
Electrons
Neutrons
Subatomic Particles
a stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
a stable subatomic particle with a charge of negative electri…
a subatomic particle of about the same mass as a proton but w…
a particle smaller than an atom (e.g., a neutron) or a cluste…
Protons
a stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
Electrons
a stable subatomic particle with a charge of negative electri…
33 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Review
Two different compounds have the follo…
Who is credited with the atomic theory?
Who is credited with discovering the e…
Who is credited with discovering the n…
Law of Multiple Proportions
John Dalton
Joseph John Thompson
Ernest Rutherford
Two different compounds have the follo…
Law of Multiple Proportions
Who is credited with the atomic theory?
John Dalton
7 terms
Chemistry AP Pre-fixes
Kilo (k___)
Base unit
Deci (d____)
Centi (c____)
1k = 1000 base unit
Meter (m)... Liter (L)... Gram (g)
10d = 1 base unit
100c = 1 base unit
Kilo (k___)
1k = 1000 base unit
Base unit
Meter (m)... Liter (L)... Gram (g)
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