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Study sets matching "pre ap bio chapter 22"

35 terms
Biology Chapter 22: PRE-AP
Sporophyte
Gametophyte
Alternation of Generations
Vascular Tissue
spore producing; the multicellular diploid phase of a plant l…
gamete-producing plant; multicellular haploid phase of a plan…
life cycle that has two alternating phases-- a haploid phase…
specialized tissue in plants that carries water and nutrients.
Sporophyte
spore producing; the multicellular diploid phase of a plant l…
Gametophyte
gamete-producing plant; multicellular haploid phase of a plan…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 22: PRE-AP
Sporophyte
Gametophyte
Alternation of Generations
Vascular Tissue
spore producing; the multicellular diploid phase of a plant l…
gamete-producing plant; multicellular haploid phase of a plan…
life cycle that has two alternating phases-- a haploid phase…
specialized tissue in plants that carries water and nutrients.
Sporophyte
spore producing; the multicellular diploid phase of a plant l…
Gametophyte
gamete-producing plant; multicellular haploid phase of a plan…
27 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 22
alterations of generations
sporophyte
gametophyte
bryophytes
plant life cycles
Diploid, or spore-producing, phase of an organism
Haploid, or gamete-producing, phase of an organism
A moss, liverwort, or hornwort; a nonvascular plant that inha…
alterations of generations
plant life cycles
sporophyte
Diploid, or spore-producing, phase of an organism
39 terms
Pre AP Biology chapter 22 & 26
Is this quizlet going to help you?
What is natural selection?
Does fittest mean strongest?
What is Paleontology?
Let's hope so
The idea that the fittest survive and pass of their traits to…
No
Study of fossils
Is this quizlet going to help you?
Let's hope so
What is natural selection?
The idea that the fittest survive and pass of their traits to…
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
Species
Reproductive Isolation
Temporal Isolation
Behavioral Isolation
The ability to interbreed in nature and produce viable, ferti…
Pre-zygotic: before zygote... Post-zygotic: after zygote
Pre-zygotic. Differences in timing of breeding cycles prevent…
Pre-zygotic. Differences in courtship behaviors prevent matin…
Species
The ability to interbreed in nature and produce viable, ferti…
Reproductive Isolation
Pre-zygotic: before zygote... Post-zygotic: after zygote
51 terms
Pre-AP Biology: Chapter 22 PowerPoint Notes
Angiosperms
Sepal
Petal
Anther
Reproductive parts are contained in the flower
Leaf-like appendages that protect the flower bud
Colorful Structures that attract pollinators
Forms pollen (male gamete)
Angiosperms
Reproductive parts are contained in the flower
Sepal
Leaf-like appendages that protect the flower bud
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
Species
Reproductive Isolation
Zygote
Temporal Isolation
The ability to interbreed in nature and produce viable, ferti…
Pre-zygotic: before zygote... Post-zygotic: after zygote
Fusion of sperm and egg.
Pre-zygotic. Differences in timing of breeding cycles prevent…
Species
The ability to interbreed in nature and produce viable, ferti…
Reproductive Isolation
Pre-zygotic: before zygote... Post-zygotic: after zygote
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
Evolution
Aristotle and Scala Naturae
The Old Testament
Carolus Linnaeus
Descent with modification; living species are descendants of…
Viewed species as fixed; life forms could be arranged on a la…
Species were individually designed by God and therefore perfect
Adopted a classification system grouping similar species into…
Evolution
Descent with modification; living species are descendants of…
Aristotle and Scala Naturae
Viewed species as fixed; life forms could be arranged on a la…
28 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22 Terms
AM fungi (Glomeromycota)
Asaus
Basidium
Budding
Fungi with branching invaginations (arbuscular mycorrhizae)us…
Finger-like sac in which nuclear fusion, meiosis, and ascospo…
Club-like structure in which nuclear fusion, meiosis, and bas…
Asexual form of reproduction whereby a new organism develops…
AM fungi (Glomeromycota)
Fungi with branching invaginations (arbuscular mycorrhizae)us…
Asaus
Finger-like sac in which nuclear fusion, meiosis, and ascospo…
39 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
On the Origin of Species
Natural Selection
Evolutionary Adaption
Evolution
Darwin; many modern species are decendents of ancestral speci…
A population can change over generations if individuals with…
the accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance an…
change over time in the genectic composition of a population,…
On the Origin of Species
Darwin; many modern species are decendents of ancestral speci…
Natural Selection
A population can change over generations if individuals with…
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
Species
Reproductive Isolation
Temporal Isolation
Behavioral Isolation
The ability to interbreed in nature and produce viable, ferti…
Pre-zygotic: before zygote... Post-zygotic: after zygote
Pre-zygotic. Differences in timing of breeding cycles prevent…
Pre-zygotic. Differences in courtship behaviors prevent matin…
Species
The ability to interbreed in nature and produce viable, ferti…
Reproductive Isolation
Pre-zygotic: before zygote... Post-zygotic: after zygote
7 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
Carolus Linnaeus
Jean Lamarck
Charles Darwin
Individuals whose inherited traits giv…
created binomial nomenclature
Theory of:... a. use and disuse... b. inheritance of acquired traits
said evolution is driven by natural selection
Natural Selection
Carolus Linnaeus
created binomial nomenclature
Jean Lamarck
Theory of:... a. use and disuse... b. inheritance of acquired traits
9 terms
Bio Pre-AP Chapter 22-4 Vocab
gymnosperm
angiosperm
cone
flower
bear their seeds directly on the surface of cones
flowering plants that bear their seeds within a layer of tiss…
seed-bearing structures of gymnosperms
seed-bearing structures of angiosperms
gymnosperm
bear their seeds directly on the surface of cones
angiosperm
flowering plants that bear their seeds within a layer of tiss…
12 terms
Bio Pre-AP Chapter 22-3 Vocab
vascular tissue
tracheid
xylem
phloem
specialized to conduct water and nutrients throughout the plant
hollow plant cell in xylem tissue with thick cell walls that…
a transport subsystem that carries water upward from the root…
transports solutions of nutrients and carbohydrates produced…
vascular tissue
specialized to conduct water and nutrients throughout the plant
tracheid
hollow plant cell in xylem tissue with thick cell walls that…
21 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
Scala naturae
Paleontology
Fossils
Conditions for good fossils
Aristotle's ladder of hierarchy for organisms. Each organism…
The study of fossils
Remains or traces of organisms from the past, usually found i…
Hard parts and buried quickly
Scala naturae
Aristotle's ladder of hierarchy for organisms. Each organism…
Paleontology
The study of fossils
80 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22-24
5 fingers of evolution
Charles Darwin
Principles of Geology
adaptations
genetic drift (population can shrink), random mating, mutatio…
Went on a voyage on the HMS Beagle to chart poor sketches of…
written by Lyell and Darwin experienced geological changes wh…
characteristics of an organism that enhance their survival an…
5 fingers of evolution
genetic drift (population can shrink), random mating, mutatio…
Charles Darwin
Went on a voyage on the HMS Beagle to chart poor sketches of…
23 terms
AP Biology - Evolution: Chapter 22/23
Directional selection
Stabalizing Selection
Disruptive selection
Bottleneck effect
Environmental preference for an extreme trait
Environmental preference for a middle/median trait
Environmental preference for both extreme traits
A severe decrease in population, leading to a decrease in fre…
Directional selection
Environmental preference for an extreme trait
Stabalizing Selection
Environmental preference for a middle/median trait
20 terms
Bio Pre-AP Chapter 22 Additional Review
a plant is a
plants use the energy of sunlight to
the first plants evolved from
bryophytes need water to
multicellular eukaryote
carry out photosynthesis
an organism similar to multicellular green algae
reproduce
a plant is a
multicellular eukaryote
plants use the energy of sunlight to
carry out photosynthesis
10 terms
Bio Pre-AP Chapter 22-2 Review
unlike all other plants, bryophytes do…
water moves from the soil into the ste…
fertilization in bryophytes is depende…
what are the groups of plants that bry…
vascular tissue
osmosis
water
mosses... liverworts... hornworts
unlike all other plants, bryophytes do…
vascular tissue
water moves from the soil into the ste…
osmosis
80 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22-24
5 fingers of evolution
Charles Darwin
Principles of Geology
adaptations
genetic drift (population can shrink), random mating, mutatio…
Went on a voyage on the HMS Beagle to chart poor sketches of…
written by Lyell and Darwin experienced geological changes wh…
characteristics of an organism that enhance their survival an…
5 fingers of evolution
genetic drift (population can shrink), random mating, mutatio…
Charles Darwin
Went on a voyage on the HMS Beagle to chart poor sketches of…
18 terms
Bio Pre-AP Chapter 22-3 Review
plant cells are specialized to conduct…
the presence of vascular tissue enable…
ferns are different from mosses becaus…
club mosses and horsetails are similar…
tracheids
conduct water and nutrients
have vascular tissue to conduct water and nutrients
vascular tissue
plant cells are specialized to conduct…
tracheids
the presence of vascular tissue enable…
conduct water and nutrients
33 terms
AP Biology- Chapter 22
Charles Darwin
Evolution
Aristotle
Carolus Linnaeus
1) published "The Origin of Species"... 2) based off observation…
descent with modification; change over time; both pattern and…
1) Greek philosopher ... 2) "Species are fixed" ... 3) Scala naturae
1) creationist... 2) Adaptations= evidence of design... 3) taxomy=…
Charles Darwin
1) published "The Origin of Species"... 2) based off observation…
Evolution
descent with modification; change over time; both pattern and…
13 terms
Bio Pre-AP Chapter 22 ALL Review
which of the following is not a charac…
the first plants evolved from
the most recognizable stage of a moss…
the small, multicellular structures by…
cell walls contain chitin
green algae
gametophyte
gemmae
which of the following is not a charac…
cell walls contain chitin
the first plants evolved from
green algae
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
Species
Reproductive Isolation
Zygote
Temporal Isolation
The ability to interbreed in nature and produce viable, ferti…
Pre-zygotic: before zygote... Post-zygotic: after zygote
Fusion of sperm and egg.
Pre-zygotic. Differences in timing of breeding cycles prevent…
Species
The ability to interbreed in nature and produce viable, ferti…
Reproductive Isolation
Pre-zygotic: before zygote... Post-zygotic: after zygote
63 terms
Chapter 22 AP Biology
what does evolutionary theory deal with?
"Organisms are always getting better."
why don't organisms always get better
what is the ultimate source of genetic…
how life changed after its origin.
NO! ... -"good enough" is good enough... -No organism has to be per…
If they are fit enough to survive and reproduce, and that is…
Random mutation
what does evolutionary theory deal with?
how life changed after its origin.
"Organisms are always getting better."
NO! ... -"good enough" is good enough... -No organism has to be per…
16 terms
AP Biology chapter 22
artificial selection
biogeography
catastrophism
descent with modification
The selective breeding of domesticated plants and animals to…
The study of the past and present distribution of species.
The hypothesis by Georges Cuvier that each boundary between s…
Darwin's initial phrase for the general process of evolution.
artificial selection
The selective breeding of domesticated plants and animals to…
biogeography
The study of the past and present distribution of species.
20 terms
Biology in Focus (AP) Chapter 22
speciation
microevolution
macroevolution
biological species concept
An evolutionary process in which one species splits into two…
Evolutionary change below the species level; change in the al…
Evolutionary change above the species level. Examples include…
Definition of a species as a group of populations whose membe…
speciation
An evolutionary process in which one species splits into two…
microevolution
Evolutionary change below the species level; change in the al…
16 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
Evolution
Fossil
Strata
Paleontology
Descent with modification; the idea that living species are d…
A preserved remnant or impression of an organism that lived i…
A rock layer formed when new layers of sediment cover older o…
The scientific study of fossils.
Evolution
Descent with modification; the idea that living species are d…
Fossil
A preserved remnant or impression of an organism that lived i…
19 terms
Chapter 22 AP biology
evolution
fossils
strata
paleontology
descent with modification; the idea that living species are d…
A preserved remnant or impression of an organism that lived i…
a rock layer formed when new layers of sediment cover older o…
the scientific study of fossils
evolution
descent with modification; the idea that living species are d…
fossils
A preserved remnant or impression of an organism that lived i…
AP Biology Chapter 22-24
5 fingers of evolution
Charles Darwin
Principles of Geology
adaptations
genetic drift (population can shrink), random mating, mutatio…
Went on a voyage on the HMS Beagle to chart poor sketches of…
written by Lyell and Darwin experienced geological changes wh…
characteristics of an organism that enhance their survival an…
5 fingers of evolution
genetic drift (population can shrink), random mating, mutatio…
Charles Darwin
Went on a voyage on the HMS Beagle to chart poor sketches of…
22 terms
Pre-AP World History - Chapter 22 Vocabulary
Nation
Nuclear Proliferation
Bioterrorism
Ethnicity
A large combination of people who are united by decent, langu…
The spread of nuclear weapon production of technology and kno…
The use of biological and chemical weapons in terrorist attacks
An ethnic group; a social group that shares a common distinct…
Nation
A large combination of people who are united by decent, langu…
Nuclear Proliferation
The spread of nuclear weapon production of technology and kno…
16 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 22
Evolution
Fossil
Strata/stratum
Paleontology
Descent with modification; the idea that living species are d…
A preserved remnant or impression of an organism that lived i…
A rock layer formed when new layers of sediments cover older…
The scientific study of fossils.
Evolution
Descent with modification; the idea that living species are d…
Fossil
A preserved remnant or impression of an organism that lived i…
69 terms
PreAP Chemistry Chapter 22
Hydrocarbons are composed of
The simplest organic compounds
Alkanes
Examples of hydrocarbons
Hydrogen and carbon
Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbon in which there are only single covalent bonds
Gasoline, diesel fuel, and kerosene
Hydrocarbons are composed of
Hydrogen and carbon
The simplest organic compounds
Hydrocarbons
16 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
speciation
microevolution
macroevolution
biological species concept
Formation of new species
Change in allele frequencies in a population over generations.
Evolutionary change above the species level, including the ap…
2 concepts of species
speciation
Formation of new species
microevolution
Change in allele frequencies in a population over generations.
17 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
evolution
fossils
strata
paleontology
the idea that living species are descendants of ancestral spe…
the remains or traces of organisms from the past in sedimenta…
a rock layer formed when new layers of sediment cover older o…
the study of fossils
evolution
the idea that living species are descendants of ancestral spe…
fossils
the remains or traces of organisms from the past in sedimenta…
19 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
evolution
strata
paleontology
catastrophism
descent with modification (species are descendants of ancestr…
layers of rock
study of fossils (developed by Georges Cuvier)
events in the past occurred suddenly and were caused by mecha…
evolution
descent with modification (species are descendants of ancestr…
strata
layers of rock
22 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
Speciation
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Biological Species concept
- The process by which one species splits into two or more sp…
- Changes over time in allele frequencies in a population.
- The broad pattern of evolution above the species level.... - E…
- Defines species as a group of populations whose members hav…
Speciation
- The process by which one species splits into two or more sp…
Microevolution
- Changes over time in allele frequencies in a population.
18 terms
AP Biology- Chapter 22
Adaptations
Artificial Selection
Biogeography
Catastrophism
Inherited characteristics of an organism that enhances its su…
The selective breeding of domesticated plants and animals to…
The study of the past and present distribution of species. (p…
The principle that events in the past occurred suddenly and w…
Adaptations
Inherited characteristics of an organism that enhances its su…
Artificial Selection
The selective breeding of domesticated plants and animals to…
17 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
Adaptations
Analogous
Artificial Selection
Average Heterozygosity
Inherited characteristic of an organism that enhances its sur…
Having characteristics that are similar because of convergent…
The selective breeding of domesticated plants and animals to…
The percent on average of a population's loci that are hetero…
Adaptations
Inherited characteristic of an organism that enhances its sur…
Analogous
Having characteristics that are similar because of convergent…
17 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
evolution
fossils
strata
Paleontology
descent with modification
the remains or traces of organisms from the past
superimposed layers of rick
the study of fossils
evolution
descent with modification
fossils
the remains or traces of organisms from the past
22 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
State the two major points that Charle…
Correlate Aristotle's scala naturae an…
Describe Carolus Linnaeus's contributi…
Describe Georges Cuvier's contribution…
Current organisms evolved from ancestral species... Natural sele…
Aristotle... Organisms occupy rungs on a scale of complexity... A…
"Founded" taxonomy... Grouped organisms hierarchically by shared…
Scientifically documented the fossils in the Parisian rockpil…
State the two major points that Charle…
Current organisms evolved from ancestral species... Natural sele…
Correlate Aristotle's scala naturae an…
Aristotle... Organisms occupy rungs on a scale of complexity... A…
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
Natural Selection
Evolutionary Adaptation
Evolution
Aristotle
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance org…
a change over time in the genetic composition of a species
viewed species as fixed. Life forms could be arranged on a la…
Natural Selection
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
Evolutionary Adaptation
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance org…
18 terms
Chapter 22 AP Biology
Adaptations
Artificial Selection
Biogeography
Catastrophism
Inherited characteristics of an organism that enhances its su…
The selective breeding of domesticated plants and animals to…
The study of the past and present distribution of species.
The principle that events in the past occurred suddenly and w…
Adaptations
Inherited characteristics of an organism that enhances its su…
Artificial Selection
The selective breeding of domesticated plants and animals to…
38 terms
Chapter 22 AP Biology
Evolution
Aristotle and Scala Naturae
The Old Testament
Carlous Linnaeus
the idea that living species today all had a common ancestor.…
species were fixed (unchanged). Organisms had affinities. He…
species were individually designed by G-d and were perfect
created nested classification system, grouping similar specie…
Evolution
the idea that living species today all had a common ancestor.…
Aristotle and Scala Naturae
species were fixed (unchanged). Organisms had affinities. He…
37 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
Evolution
2 Main Points from The Origin of Species
Natural Selection
Evolutionary Adaptation
A change over time in the genetic composition of a population…
There are two main points from The Origin of Species:... 1. Many…
Basis of evolutionary processes. Populations can change over…
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance an…
Evolution
A change over time in the genetic composition of a population…
2 Main Points from The Origin of Species
There are two main points from The Origin of Species:... 1. Many…
43 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
Past Beliefs:... Aristotle
Scala Naturae
Past Beliefs:... Carolus Linnaeus
Binomial Naming System
Past Beliefs:... Thought that things were fixed and unchanging.…
A scale made by Aristotle which arranged forms in nature with…
Past Beliefs:... Classified organisms using a binomial naming sy…
A concept developed by Carolus Linnaeus in which organisms ar…
Past Beliefs:... Aristotle
Past Beliefs:... Thought that things were fixed and unchanging.…
Scala Naturae
A scale made by Aristotle which arranged forms in nature with…
13 terms
Chapter 22: AP Biology
adaptation
analogous
artificial selection
biogeography
Inherited characteristic of an organism that enhances its sur…
Having characteristics that are similar because of convergent…
The selective breeding of domesticated plants and animals to…
The study of the past and present geographic distribution of…
adaptation
Inherited characteristic of an organism that enhances its sur…
analogous
Having characteristics that are similar because of convergent…
22 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
Macroevolution
Microevolution
Speciation
Biological species concept
Evolutionary change above the species level
Change in allele frequencies in a population over generations
Formation of new species
Species is a group of populations whose members have the pote…
Macroevolution
Evolutionary change above the species level
Microevolution
Change in allele frequencies in a population over generations
20 terms
AP Biology Chapter 22
Evolution
Fossils
Strata
Paleontology
descent with modification-Earth's species are descendants of…
remains/traces of organisms from the past
superimposed rock layers that form when new layers of sedimen…
study of fossils
Evolution
descent with modification-Earth's species are descendants of…
Fossils
remains/traces of organisms from the past
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