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Study sets matching "pre ap biology 1 2"

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Study sets matching "pre ap biology 1 2"

16 terms
PreAP Biology Unit 1 Vocab 2
Theory
Law
Bias
Biology
Well tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observa…
Statement based on repeated experimental observations that de…
Particular preference or point of view that is personal rathe…
The study of living organisms
Theory
Well tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observa…
Law
Statement based on repeated experimental observations that de…
25 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 2 Vocabulary 1
MATTER
MASS
VOLUME
ELEMENTS
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
Amount of space occupied by an object/matter.
A molecule composed of one kind of atom; cannot be broken int…
MATTER
Anything that has mass and takes up space
MASS
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
18 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary 2
Scientific Method
Observation
Hypothesis
Prediction
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
A direct method of gathering information in an orderly way us…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory; a proposed…
A logical statement about what will happen if the hypothesis…
Scientific Method
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
Observation
A direct method of gathering information in an orderly way us…
18 terms
Biology Pre-AP (1.2)
Characteristics of Living Things:
Molecule
Cells
Group of Cells
1. Made up of one or more cells.... 2. Reproduce (Sexually or As…
group of atoms; smallest unit of a chemical compound
smallest functional unit of life
tissues, organs, and organ systems
Characteristics of Living Things:
1. Made up of one or more cells.... 2. Reproduce (Sexually or As…
Molecule
group of atoms; smallest unit of a chemical compound
97 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 1
List Characteristics of living things
Science
Biology
Organism
1. One or more cells... 2. Source of energy... 3. Can respond to th…
Study of stytematic study through observations and expirements
The study of all things living
An individual plant, animal, or single cell life form
List Characteristics of living things
1. One or more cells... 2. Source of energy... 3. Can respond to th…
Science
Study of stytematic study through observations and expirements
Pre-Ap Biology Unit 2 Vocabulary 1
Activation Energy
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
The amount of energy needed for a reaction to occur
Basic unit of matter; smallest particle of an element
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element
A unique number for each element that equals the number of pr…
Activation Energy
The amount of energy needed for a reaction to occur
Atom
Basic unit of matter; smallest particle of an element
15 terms
2:1 & 2:3 pre ap biology
matter
elements
Trace Elements
proton SIZE
is anything that takes up space
is CHON (Carbon,Hydrogen,Oxygen,Nitrogen)
less than .01
with nucleus
matter
is anything that takes up space
elements
is CHON (Carbon,Hydrogen,Oxygen,Nitrogen)
37 terms
Chapter 2 Pre-AP Biology
atomic number
charge
electron
element
number of protons in the atomic nucleus; determines the element
electrical property; opposite charges attract, and like charg…
negatively charges subatomic particle
a pure substance that consists only of atoms with the same nu…
atomic number
number of protons in the atomic nucleus; determines the element
charge
electrical property; opposite charges attract, and like charg…
11 terms
Pre-AP Biology Test #1 - part 2
How does energy flow
Describe path of energy flow
What is a trophic level?
What is the amount of POTENTIAL food a…
one direction
Sun/chemicals -> autotrophs -> heterotrophs
A step in a food chain or food web
Pyramid of biomass
How does energy flow
one direction
Describe path of energy flow
Sun/chemicals -> autotrophs -> heterotrophs
42 terms
Pre-Ap Biology Chapter 1-2 Test
Know this diagram
What type of bond does H2O have?
Why is water polar?
What is a hydrogen bond?
ok
Covalent bond
Uneven distribution of charge
Opposites are attracting. Hydrogen bonds are weak.
Know this diagram
ok
What type of bond does H2O have?
Covalent bond
16 terms
PreAP Biology Unit 2 Vocab 2
Polar
Nonpolar
Cohesion
Adhesion
Molecule that has unevenly distributed electrons, causing the…
Molecule with evenly distributed electrons, has a neutral cha…
Force between molecules of the same type
Force between molecules that are different
Polar
Molecule that has unevenly distributed electrons, causing the…
Nonpolar
Molecule with evenly distributed electrons, has a neutral cha…
16 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 2 Vocabulary 2
POLAR MOLECULE
HYDROGEN BOND
ADHESION
COHESION
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
Attraction between a slightly positive hydrogen atom and a sl…
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
POLAR MOLECULE
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
HYDROGEN BOND
Attraction between a slightly positive hydrogen atom and a sl…
30 terms
Pre-Ap Biology Vocabulary (Ch 1 & 2)
Biology
Organism
Metabolism
Homeostasis
The study of living organisms
An individual animal, plant, or single-called life form
The chemical process that occur within a living organism in o…
The tendency of a system to maintain internal stability
Biology
The study of living organisms
Organism
An individual animal, plant, or single-called life form
28 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary 1
Fire Blanket
Fire Extinguisher
Eye Wash Station
Fume Hood
A blanket made of specially-treated fabric that is used if cl…
An active fire protection device used to extinguish small fir…
Station to wash and clean eyes if any harmful substances come…
A device that draws contaminated air out of an area and eithe…
Fire Blanket
A blanket made of specially-treated fabric that is used if cl…
Fire Extinguisher
An active fire protection device used to extinguish small fir…
53 terms
Biology 1 Pre AP: Evolution
postzygotic isolation
adaptive radiation
coevolution
convergent evolution
occurs when fertilization has occured but a hybrid might not…
can occur when one species gives rise to many different speci…
the relationship between two species might be so close that t…
Unrelated species evolve similar traits even though they live…
postzygotic isolation
occurs when fertilization has occured but a hybrid might not…
adaptive radiation
can occur when one species gives rise to many different speci…
21 terms
Section 1-2 vocabulary Pre-Ap Biology
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins.
help maintain the shape of the chromosome and aid in the tigh…
form as the DNA makes a copy of itself before cell division
holds the two chromatids together until they separate during…
chromosome
rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins.
histone
help maintain the shape of the chromosome and aid in the tigh…
8 terms
Unit 2 Target 1 Pre-AP Biology
Epithelial Tissue
Muscle Tissue
Connective tissue
Nervous tissue
Tissue that comsist of flattened cells that cover and protect…
Tissues that form fibers consisting of muscle cells that are…
Tissues that consist of tough and strong cells that provide s…
Tissues that are formed from cells that carry info. from one…
Epithelial Tissue
Tissue that comsist of flattened cells that cover and protect…
Muscle Tissue
Tissues that form fibers consisting of muscle cells that are…
21 terms
pre-ap biology ch.1-2
characteristics of life
controls
independent variable
dependent variable
order, reproduction, growth and development, energy processin…
standard of comparison for checking the results of an experim…
(x) variable that does not depend on another, variable that i…
(y) variable that depends on another, response to the change
characteristics of life
order, reproduction, growth and development, energy processin…
controls
standard of comparison for checking the results of an experim…
18 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary 2
Scientific Method
Observation
Hypothesis
Prediction
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
A direct method of gathering information in an orderly way us…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory; a proposed…
A logical statement about what will happen if the hypothesis…
Scientific Method
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
Observation
A direct method of gathering information in an orderly way us…
25 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 2 Vocabulary 1
MATTER
MASS
VOLUME
ELEMENTS
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
Amount of space occupied by an object/matter.
A molecule composed of one kind of atom; cannot be broken int…
MATTER
Anything that has mass and takes up space
MASS
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
Biology Pre-AP 1
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Polysaccharide
Lipids
1 Carbon: 2 Hydrogens: 1 Oxygen, quick energy. Monomers - Mon…
Type of carbohydrate, simple sugar, glucose & fructose
Type of carbohydrate, linked monosaccharides
Fats, Oils, Waxes. Long term energy, insulation, protection,…
Carbohydrates
1 Carbon: 2 Hydrogens: 1 Oxygen, quick energy. Monomers - Mon…
Monosaccharide
Type of carbohydrate, simple sugar, glucose & fructose
23 terms
Biology Pre-AP Root Word List 2
con
cystis
cyte,cyto
dermis
with
pouch
cell
skin
con
with
cystis
pouch
44 terms
Pre-AP: 2.1
La inspiración
El mensaje
La obra (de arte)
El valor
inspiration
message
artwork
value
La inspiración
inspiration
El mensaje
message
30 terms
Pre AP Biology 2
fossil fuels
natality
biome
mutualism
long dead organisms over millions of years into this substance
birthrate
a large area with specific climate changes and specific organ…
when both individuals benefit
fossil fuels
long dead organisms over millions of years into this substance
natality
birthrate
44 terms
pre ap biology ch 2 section 1
atom
acid
acid precipitation
adhesion
basic unit of matter
compound that forms hydrogen ions (H+) in solution
rain containing nitric and sulfuric acids
attraction between molecules of different substances; in plan…
atom
basic unit of matter
acid
compound that forms hydrogen ions (H+) in solution
49 terms
Pre-Ap Biology 1
Cell Theory
Cell Wall
Cellular Metabolism
Central Vacuole
Theory that all living things are composed of cells and that…
Protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant cel…
All the chemical activities of a cell
In a plant cell, a large membranous sac with diverse roles in…
Cell Theory
Theory that all living things are composed of cells and that…
Cell Wall
Protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant cel…
25 terms
AP Biology Pre-Assessment
Hydrophobic compounds
Organic compounds
Adenosine triphosphate
Carbohydrates
substances that do not have an affinity for water and are oft…
Compounds containing carbon
molecule storing potential "free energy" for the cell
compounds that serve as fuel and building material for the cell
Hydrophobic compounds
substances that do not have an affinity for water and are oft…
Organic compounds
Compounds containing carbon
23 terms
Biology Pre-AP Root Words List 1
a
ab
ad
aeros
without
away from
near
air
a
without
ab
away from
14 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 8 Vocabulary 2
Semi-conservative Replication
DNA Helicase
DNA Polymerase
Replication Fork
The situation when each replicated DNA molecule consists of o…
An enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix during DNA replic…
The polymerase that produces new sister strands of DNA during…
A Y-shaped point that results when the two strands of a DNA d…
Semi-conservative Replication
The situation when each replicated DNA molecule consists of o…
DNA Helicase
An enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix during DNA replic…
41 terms
Pre-AP: 1.2
El atasco
El/La ciclista
La contaminación
El peatón
traffic jam
cyclist
pollution
pedestrian
El atasco
traffic jam
El/La ciclista
cyclist
47 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 7.1-7.2 (En-Ch)
cell theory
magnification
light microscope
transmission electron microscope
细胞学说
放大率
光学显微镜
投射电子显微镜
cell theory
细胞学说
magnification
放大率
21 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 9 Vocabulary 1
mRNA
rRNA
tRNA
Transcription
A type of RNA, synthesized from DNA, that attaches to ribosom…
A globular RNA that is combined with special protein that mak…
A ype of RNA that carries amino acids to the ribosome.
The organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is cop…
mRNA
A type of RNA, synthesized from DNA, that attaches to ribosom…
rRNA
A globular RNA that is combined with special protein that mak…
53 terms
Pre AP Biology Unit 1-2
2 things you need to have to have a go…
what type of biomolecules are enzymes
The order of monomers is important in…
The order of the monomers is unimporta…
one independent variable and a control
protein
proteins and nucleic acid
carbs and lipids
2 things you need to have to have a go…
one independent variable and a control
what type of biomolecules are enzymes
protein
14 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 3 Vocabulary 1
Cell
Cell Theory
Light Microscope
Robert Hooke
The basic unit of life.
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
An optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
In 1665, first scientist to see a cell when he looked at cork…
Cell
The basic unit of life.
Cell Theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
40 terms
Macromolecules Pre-AP Biology
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
The four Macromolecules are...
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHON
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHONP
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
The four Macromolecules are...
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
18 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 9 Vocabulary 2
mRNA
tRNA
rRNA
Start Codon
A type of RNA, synthesized from DNA, that attaches to ribosom…
Short-chain RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20…
A type of RNA, along with other cellular proteins, that come…
AUG; the codon that begins all RNA.
mRNA
A type of RNA, synthesized from DNA, that attaches to ribosom…
tRNA
Short-chain RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20…
18 terms
Biology 1 PreAP
Pseudopodia means
Paramecium have
Amoeba have
Euglena have
false feet
cilia
pseudopodia
flagella
Pseudopodia means
false feet
Paramecium have
cilia
29 terms
Pre AP Biology Chapter 1
Course Adjustment
Fine Adjustment
Surface Area to Volume Ratio
Endosymbiotic Hypothesis
Big knob; finds the location of the specimen
Small knob; gives a clear image of what's inside the specimen
Small cell=high SA/V;... Cells must have a high surface area to…
These organisms have MITOCHONDRIA AND CHLOROPLASTS. Has DNA,…
Course Adjustment
Big knob; finds the location of the specimen
Fine Adjustment
Small knob; gives a clear image of what's inside the specimen
15 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 8 Vocabulary 1
DNA
Genome
Gene
Allele
A long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and form…
All the genetic information in an organism; all of an organis…
A discrete unit of hereditary information consisting of a spe…
A different form of a gene or DNA sequence, these codes deter…
DNA
A long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and form…
Genome
All the genetic information in an organism; all of an organis…
37 terms
Pre-Ap Biology List 1 Rootword vocabulary
a-, an-, non-, un-
ab-, ef-
ad-, af
adi-, lip-
without,Not
away
Toward
fat
a-, an-, non-, un-
without,Not
ab-, ef-
away
42 terms
Cells Unit 2 Exam Biology Pre Ap
Levels of organization
prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Eukarya
atoms, biomolecules, organelles CELLS (most basic unit of lif…
lacks nucleus, lacks membrane bound organelles, DO contain ri…
Larger more complex, domain Eukarya, has nucleus and membrane…
contains kingdoms of Animal, plant, fungi, protist
Levels of organization
atoms, biomolecules, organelles CELLS (most basic unit of lif…
prokaryotic cell
lacks nucleus, lacks membrane bound organelles, DO contain ri…
24 terms
PreAp Biology2.2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Surface tension
Heat
Water molecules binding to other water molecules
Water molecules binding to something other than water molecules
The linking together of water molecules on the surface of a b…
The measurement of the total amount of kinetic energy in a su…
Cohesion
Water molecules binding to other water molecules
Adhesion
Water molecules binding to something other than water molecules
61 terms
Biology 1 PreAp: Unit 2 Part 1
Biosphere
Ecology
Biotic Factor
Abiotic Factor
All the parts of the Earth in which life exists.
The study of the interactions of organisms with one another a…
Any external factor that consists of other organisms, includi…
Any nonliving external factor, such as sunlight, heat, precip…
Biosphere
All the parts of the Earth in which life exists.
Ecology
The study of the interactions of organisms with one another a…
40 terms
Pre-Ap Biology List 2 Rootword vocabulary
decid-
dendro-, arbor-
dent, dont
derm
cut off
tree
tooth, skin
skin
decid-
cut off
dendro-, arbor-
tree
54 terms
Pre AP Biology Chapter 8.1-8.2 Review
Energy
Thermodynamics
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics
is the ability to do work.
is the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the…
Energy can be converted from one form to another, but it cann…
Energy cannot be converted without the loss of usable energy.
Energy
is the ability to do work.
Thermodynamics
is the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the…
10 terms
Pre-AP Biology Vocabulary #2
arche-
arthr-,artho-
auto-
bacterio-
ancient, primitive
joint, jointed
self
bacterium, bacteria
arche-
ancient, primitive
arthr-,artho-
joint, jointed
26 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 2 Vocabulary 3
ORGANIC COMPOUND
FUNCTIONAL GROUP
MONOMERS
POLYMERS
Complex molecules organized around skeletons of carbon atoms…
A specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the ca…
A chemical subunit that serves as a building block of a polym…
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
ORGANIC COMPOUND
Complex molecules organized around skeletons of carbon atoms…
FUNCTIONAL GROUP
A specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the ca…
31 terms
Biology 1 PreAp: Unit 2 Part 2
Population Density
Age Structure
Immigration
Emigration
The number of individuals per unit area.
The age and number of all individuals with male or female rep…
The movement of individuals into an area occupied by an exist…
The movement of individuals out of an area.
Population Density
The number of individuals per unit area.
Age Structure
The age and number of all individuals with male or female rep…
18 terms
Pre-AP Biology 7.1- 7.2 Vocabulary
Cell
Cell theory
Nucleus
Eukaryote
Collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier that separa…
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
The center of an atom which contains the protons and neurons;…
Organism whose cells contain nuclei
Cell
Collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier that separa…
Cell theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
43 terms
Pre-AP Biology QCA 1
diffusion
osmosis
endocytosis
exocytosis
spreading of molecules evenly throughout a space
the diffusion of water through a membrane
process where a molecule is enclosed into a cell
process by which a substance is moved out of a cell
diffusion
spreading of molecules evenly throughout a space
osmosis
the diffusion of water through a membrane
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