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Study sets matching "pre ap biology fungi"

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Study sets matching "pre ap biology fungi"

51 terms
Pre-Ap Biology Protists and Fungi
Eukaryotic
kingdom Protista
subkingdom Protozoa
phylum Sarcodina
A cell characterized by the presence of a nucleus and other m…
made up of a variety of eukaryotic, mostly single-celled orga…
animal like protists; heterotrophic, consumes food like an an…
Move using pseudopods. Example: amoeba. Live in fresh water,…
Eukaryotic
A cell characterized by the presence of a nucleus and other m…
kingdom Protista
made up of a variety of eukaryotic, mostly single-celled orga…
13 terms
Pre AP Biology Fungi Test Review
fungi
which fungi is NOT multicellular?
4 fungi groups
fungi classification
eukaryotic heterotrophs that have cell walls made of chitin
yeasts
zygomycota, asomycota, basidiomycota, deuteromycota
based off of structure and reproductive method, if not classi…
fungi
eukaryotic heterotrophs that have cell walls made of chitin
which fungi is NOT multicellular?
yeasts
17 terms
Pre-AP Biology: Protists and Fungi Notes
Protists
Categories of Protists
Animal-like Protists
Plantlike Protists
may be single-celled or multicellular, microscopic or very la…
Animal-like, Plantlike, and Funguslike
Protists cause some of the world's most well-known infectious…
They make their own food by photosynthesis. They do not have…
Protists
may be single-celled or multicellular, microscopic or very la…
Categories of Protists
Animal-like, Plantlike, and Funguslike
14 terms
Pre-AP Biology: Protists and Fungi Vocabulary
Protists
Protozoa
Pseudopod
Cilia
An organism that belongs to the kingdom of Protista. Can be a…
Animal like protists. Like animals they can move around, cons…
Temporary extension of cytoplasm and plasma membrane that hel…
Short hair like structures that cover some or all of the surf…
Protists
An organism that belongs to the kingdom of Protista. Can be a…
Protozoa
Animal like protists. Like animals they can move around, cons…
22 terms
Pre-AP Biology - Viruses, Bacteria, Protists, & Fungi -- Study Guide
Pseudopodia
Flagella
Cilia
Viruses
Refer to the illustration above. The organism moves by means…
Refer to the illustration above. The organism shown in C move…
Refer to the illustration above. The organism shown in B move…
Segments of nucleic acids contained in a protein coat are ___…
Pseudopodia
Refer to the illustration above. The organism moves by means…
Flagella
Refer to the illustration above. The organism shown in C move…
29 terms
TCA Pre-AP Biology Protists and Fungi Quiz
Domain Eukarya
Kingdom Protista
Animal-like protists
Ciliophora
Protist domain
-Miscellaneous category... -Split by ways of obtaining nutrition…
-Protozoans... -Heterotrophs
-Animal like... -Ex: paramecium... -Have cilia for movement and eat…
Domain Eukarya
Protist domain
Kingdom Protista
-Miscellaneous category... -Split by ways of obtaining nutrition…
25 terms
AP Biology Pre-Assessment
Hydrophobic compounds
Organic compounds
Adenosine triphosphate
Carbohydrates
substances that do not have an affinity for water and are oft…
Compounds containing carbon
molecule storing potential "free energy" for the cell
compounds that serve as fuel and building material for the cell
Hydrophobic compounds
substances that do not have an affinity for water and are oft…
Organic compounds
Compounds containing carbon
40 terms
Macromolecules Pre-AP Biology
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
The four Macromolecules are...
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHON
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHONP
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
The four Macromolecules are...
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
12 terms
Pre-Ap Bio Fungi Vocab
Chitin
Hyphae
Mycelium
Fruiting Body
a tough polysaccharide that make up a the cell wall of fungi.
long strands that make up the bodies of multicellular fungi.
underground network of hyphae
a reproductive structure of a fungus that grows above ground.
Chitin
a tough polysaccharide that make up a the cell wall of fungi.
Hyphae
long strands that make up the bodies of multicellular fungi.
36 terms
PreAP Bio Plants And Fungi
receptacle
sepals
petals
stigma
part of the branch on which a flower forms
leaf like structures that surround and protect the flower bef…
colorful part of the flower that attracts insects and small a…
is sticky and is where the pollen attaches
receptacle
part of the branch on which a flower forms
sepals
leaf like structures that surround and protect the flower bef…
16 terms
AP Biology Fungi
Hyphae
Septa
Coenocytic
Mycelium
Tiny filiments
Walls dividing cells
Without septa
Interwoven string
Hyphae
Tiny filiments
Septa
Walls dividing cells
25 terms
Photosynthesis Zumwalt Pre-AP Biology
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Respiration
6CO2 + 6H2O --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
An organism that makes its own food by converting inorganic m…
An organism that cannot make its own food so digests complex…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O
Photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Autotroph
An organism that makes its own food by converting inorganic m…
16 terms
Pre-AP Biology - MEIOSIS
MEIOSIS
HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOMES
HAPLOID
DIPLOID
Type of cell division that produces 4 different haploid daugh…
Chromosomes that are the same size and shape but are not iden…
Describes a cell like a sperm or egg that has only one set of…
Describes a body (somatic) cell that contains both sets of ho…
MEIOSIS
Type of cell division that produces 4 different haploid daugh…
HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOMES
Chromosomes that are the same size and shape but are not iden…
38 terms
Pre-AP Biology - DNA
REPLICATION
TRANSCRIPTION
TRANSLATION
CHROMATIN
Process by which a cell copies its DNA (DNA → DNA)
Process in which a sequence of DNA is copied into a complemen…
Process of decoding an mRNA message into a polypeptide (prote…
DNA with attached proteins which is LOOSELY PACKED in NONDIVI…
REPLICATION
Process by which a cell copies its DNA (DNA → DNA)
TRANSCRIPTION
Process in which a sequence of DNA is copied into a complemen…
34 terms
Pre-AP Biology - BIOSPHERE
ECOLOGY
BIOSPHERE
SPECIES
POPULATION
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
the parts of the planet including land, water or atmosphere i…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
group of individuals that belong to the same species and live…
ECOLOGY
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
BIOSPHERE
the parts of the planet including land, water or atmosphere i…
29 terms
Pre-AP Biology - MITOSIS
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
centromere
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the nucleus div…
phase of cell division in which the cytoplasm is split betwee…
one of two identical "sister" arms that make up a duplicated…
area on a chromosome that holds chromatids together and to wh…
mitosis
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the nucleus div…
cytokinesis
phase of cell division in which the cytoplasm is split betwee…
25 terms
Pre-AP Biology - GENETICS
GENETICS
FERTILIZATION
TRAIT
TRUE-BREEDING (PURE)
the scientific study of heredity
process in which male and female reproductive cells join to f…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
organisms that produce offspring identical to themselves if a…
GENETICS
the scientific study of heredity
FERTILIZATION
process in which male and female reproductive cells join to f…
26 terms
Pre-AP Biology - EVOLUTION
EVOLUTION
THEORY
HYPOTHESIS
FOSSIL
Change over time; The process by which modern organisms have…
A well- supported, testable explanation of phenomena that hav…
a possible explanation for a set of observations or a possibl…
The preserved remains of an ancient organism
EVOLUTION
Change over time; The process by which modern organisms have…
THEORY
A well- supported, testable explanation of phenomena that hav…
58 terms
Pre-AP Biology Review
Theory
Evolution
Artificial Selection
Survival of the fittest
proposed explanation for a wide variety of observations and e…
change in a species over time
process by which humans modify a species by breeding it for c…
evolutionary theory as a way of describing the mechanism of n…
Theory
proposed explanation for a wide variety of observations and e…
Evolution
change in a species over time
35 terms
Pre-AP Biology - INTRO TO BIOLOGY
ORGANISM
AUTOTROPH
HETEROTROPH
SEXUAL REPRODUCTION
another name for a "living thing"
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the food it consumes; also…
process in which offspring are produced by combining genetic…
ORGANISM
another name for a "living thing"
AUTOTROPH
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
21 terms
AP Biology Fungi Worksheet
Aseptate
Dikaryon
Haustoria
Hyphae
Not divided into cells by cross walls
Cell or structure with 2 haploid nuclei from two different pl…
Modified hyphae in parasitic fungi that penetrate the host ce…
Minute threads that make up the body of a fungus; composed of…
Aseptate
Not divided into cells by cross walls
Dikaryon
Cell or structure with 2 haploid nuclei from two different pl…
23 terms
Enzymes for Pre-AP Biology
catalyst
enzyme
activation energy
substrate
substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction with…
protein that speeds up a chemical reaction by lowering the ac…
the amount of energy needed for a reaction to occur
the substance an enzyme acts on
catalyst
substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction with…
enzyme
protein that speeds up a chemical reaction by lowering the ac…
43 terms
Pre-AP Protist/Fungi Test Review
mycelium
budding
fragmentation
mycorrhizae
many hyphae tangled together into a thick mass; comprises the…
asexual process by which yeasts increase in number; process o…
fungi sprout from broken hyphae
symbiotic association of plant roots and fungi
mycelium
many hyphae tangled together into a thick mass; comprises the…
budding
asexual process by which yeasts increase in number; process o…
43 terms
Pre-AP Protist/Fungi Test Review
mycelium
budding
fragmentation
mycorrhizae
many hyphae tangled together into a thick mass; comprises the…
asexual process by which yeasts increase in number; process o…
fungi sprout from broken hyphae
symbiotic association of plant roots and fungi
mycelium
many hyphae tangled together into a thick mass; comprises the…
budding
asexual process by which yeasts increase in number; process o…
34 terms
AP Biology Fungi
What are the general roles of Fungi?
Why do plants benefit from Fungi?
Are fungi Heterotrophic?
Are Fungi Saprobes or Parasites?
They are decomposers that carry out extracellular digestion a…
Because carbon and nutrients are released when they decompose…
yes
Most are Saprobes and some are parasites.
What are the general roles of Fungi?
They are decomposers that carry out extracellular digestion a…
Why do plants benefit from Fungi?
Because carbon and nutrients are released when they decompose…
130 terms
Pre-Ap Biology Final
Viruses are composed of what two things?
Bacteriophage diagram
List three ways HIV can be transmitted.
Viral diseases can be prevented with _…
Nucleic acid and a protein coat
Needles, bodily fluids, sex
Vaccines; Antibiotics
Viruses are composed of what two things?
Nucleic acid and a protein coat
Bacteriophage diagram
18 terms
Pre-AP Biology Instrument Quiz
Microscope slide
Cover slip
Petri dish
Erlenmeyer Flask
-holding specimen... -viewed with microscope
-holds specimen to microscope slide
-growing tissue cultures
-measuring liquids... -dangerous/harmful chemicals
Microscope slide
-holding specimen... -viewed with microscope
Cover slip
-holds specimen to microscope slide
28 terms
Pre-AP Biology Review
Which organelle helps to offset (reduc…
The movement of a substance across the…
In a _ solution, the concentrations of…
What process is shown in this image?
contractile vacuole
passive transport
isotonic
endocytosis
Which organelle helps to offset (reduc…
contractile vacuole
The movement of a substance across the…
passive transport
Pre-AP Biology Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotrop
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Adenosine DIphosphate (ADP)
An organism that uses energy to synthesize organic molecules…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
A molecule present in all living cells and acting as an energ…
A substance involved in energy metabolism formed by the break…
Autotroph
An organism that uses energy to synthesize organic molecules…
Heterotrop
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
18 terms
Pre-AP Biology - PHOTOSYNTHESIS VOCAB
AUTOTROPH
HETEROTROPH
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
PIGMENT
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that can't make its own food and gets it energy by c…
process by which plants and some other organisms use sunlight…
molecule that absorbs light energy
AUTOTROPH
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
HETEROTROPH
organism that can't make its own food and gets it energy by c…
72 terms
Pre ap biology
Building block of a polymer
Polysaccharide found in exoskeleton of…
Group of bio molecules composed of CHO…
"Bad fat" composed of glycerol and 3 f…
Monomer
Chitin
Carbohydrates
Saturated Fat
Building block of a polymer
Monomer
Polysaccharide found in exoskeleton of…
Chitin
15 terms
AP Biology, Chapter 31 Fungi
List the characteristics that distingu…
Explain how fungi acquire their nutrie…
Describe the basic body plan of a fung…
Explain how non-motile fungi seek new…
Nutritional mode... Heterotrophs... Absorption after extracellula…
Secrete exoenzymes for extracellular digestion... Gain nutrient…
Non-clade body plans: yeast, mold, lichen, mycorrhizae... Most…
Motile: spores and unicellular forms spread by wind, water, a…
List the characteristics that distingu…
Nutritional mode... Heterotrophs... Absorption after extracellula…
Explain how fungi acquire their nutrie…
Secrete exoenzymes for extracellular digestion... Gain nutrient…
97 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 1
List Characteristics of living things
Science
Biology
Organism
1. One or more cells... 2. Source of energy... 3. Can respond to th…
Study of stytematic study through observations and expirements
The study of all things living
An individual plant, animal, or single cell life form
List Characteristics of living things
1. One or more cells... 2. Source of energy... 3. Can respond to th…
Science
Study of stytematic study through observations and expirements
56 terms
Pre-AP Biology (Midterm)
Characteristics of Life
Stimuli
Response
Scientific Method
- made of one or more cells ... - displays organization ... - growt…
a change in the organism's internal or external environment t…
the reaction to a stimuli
1. state a problem... 2. research the topic... 3. make a hypothesis…
Characteristics of Life
- made of one or more cells ... - displays organization ... - growt…
Stimuli
a change in the organism's internal or external environment t…
8 terms
Vocabulary - Pre AP Biology
enzyme
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
a class of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction by lowe…
chemical that speeds up a reaction
the amount of energy need to start a chemical reaction
the substance an enzyme works on, the reactants of an enzyme…
enzyme
a class of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction by lowe…
catalyst
chemical that speeds up a reaction
26 terms
Pre-AP Biology - HUMAN IMPACT
MONOCULTURE
GREEN REVOLUTION
RENEWABLE RESOURCE
NONRENEWABLE RESOURCE
farming strategy in which large fields are planted with a sin…
the development of highly productive crop strains and the use…
a necessity of life (resource) which can regenerate quickly a…
a necessity of life (resource) which can NOT be replenished b…
MONOCULTURE
farming strategy in which large fields are planted with a sin…
GREEN REVOLUTION
the development of highly productive crop strains and the use…
17 terms
Pre AP biology
ad-
-ase
bio-
cata-
to or toward
name of an emzyme
life
breakdown
ad-
to or toward
-ase
name of an emzyme
17 terms
Pre-AP Biology - CELLULAR RESPIRATION
calorie
Calorie
GLYCOLYSIS
CELLULAR RESPIRATION
Energy unit which equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
Energy unit which equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
calorie
Energy unit which equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
Calorie
Energy unit which equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
56 terms
Pre-AP Biology (Midterm)
Characteristics of Life
Stimuli
Response
Scientific Method
- made of one or more cells ... - displays organization ... - growt…
a change in the organism's internal or external environment t…
the reaction to a stimuli
1. state a problem... 2. research the topic... 3. make a hypothesis…
Characteristics of Life
- made of one or more cells ... - displays organization ... - growt…
Stimuli
a change in the organism's internal or external environment t…
63 terms
Pre-AP Biology Dellinger
Scientific Method Step 1:
Scientific method step 2
scientific method step 3
scientific method step 4
ask question
background research
state hypothesis
conduct experiment
Scientific Method Step 1:
ask question
Scientific method step 2
background research
39 terms
Pre-AP Biology: Cells
Cell
Cell Theory
Organelle
Prokaryote
basic structure of all organisms
States that all organisms are: cells come from other cells, c…
cell structure that carries out specific cell functions (prot…
a cell without a nucleus or membrane bound organelles
Cell
basic structure of all organisms
Cell Theory
States that all organisms are: cells come from other cells, c…
20 terms
Pre-AP Biology Study Guide
Robert Brown
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leewenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
He discovered the nucleus
He coined the term "cell" after he saw "little boxes" in the…
He was first to see and observe a living cell
He was a botanist. He proposed that all plants were made of c…
Robert Brown
He discovered the nucleus
Robert Hooke
He coined the term "cell" after he saw "little boxes" in the…
18 terms
pre-AP Biology - Wilson
diffusion
active transport
passive transport
osmosis
the net movement of molecules or atoms from a region of high…
is the movement of molecules across a cell membrane in the di…
the cellular process of moving molecules and other substances…
the spontaneous net movement of solvent molecules through a s…
diffusion
the net movement of molecules or atoms from a region of high…
active transport
is the movement of molecules across a cell membrane in the di…
27 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 31: Fungi
absorption
asci/ascus
basidia/basidium
chitin
The uptake of small nutrient molecules by an organism's own b…
A saclike spore capsule located at the tip of the ascocarp in…
A reproductive appendage that produces sexual spores on the g…
A structural polysaccharide of an amino sugar found in many f…
absorption
The uptake of small nutrient molecules by an organism's own b…
asci/ascus
A saclike spore capsule located at the tip of the ascocarp in…
27 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 31: Fungi
absorption
asci/ascus
basidia/basidium
chitin
The uptake of small nutrient molecules by an organism's own b…
A saclike spore capsule located at the tip of the ascocarp in…
A reproductive appendage that produces sexual spores on the g…
A structural polysaccharide of an amino sugar found in many f…
absorption
The uptake of small nutrient molecules by an organism's own b…
asci/ascus
A saclike spore capsule located at the tip of the ascocarp in…
49 terms
Pre-AP Biology
Enzyme
Catalyst
Substrate Specific
Substrate
Composed of amino acids/proteins. Can only function in a stab…
Triggers chemical reactions without being used up.
Enzyme only bonds with a certain substrate because of its sha…
Two monosaccharides used in a reaction with an enzyme.
Enzyme
Composed of amino acids/proteins. Can only function in a stab…
Catalyst
Triggers chemical reactions without being used up.
37 terms
Chapter 2 Pre-AP Biology
atomic number
charge
electron
element
number of protons in the atomic nucleus; determines the element
electrical property; opposite charges attract, and like charg…
negatively charges subatomic particle
a pure substance that consists only of atoms with the same nu…
atomic number
number of protons in the atomic nucleus; determines the element
charge
electrical property; opposite charges attract, and like charg…
34 terms
Pre-AP Biology - CELLS/TRANSPORT
CELL
CELL THEORY
NUCLEUS
NUCLEOLUS
small structure surrounded by a membrane that is the basic un…
3 part theory: all living things are made of cells, cells are…
Double membrane structure in a eukaryotic cell that contains…
dark area visible in the nucleus of non-dividing cells where…
CELL
small structure surrounded by a membrane that is the basic un…
CELL THEORY
3 part theory: all living things are made of cells, cells are…
30 terms
Pre-Ap Biology Vocab
Photoautotrophs
Heterotrophs
ATP
Thermodynamics
use sunlight to make carbs
Consume autotrophs for energy
Energy molecule (adenine triphosphate)
The study of the flow of energy and transformation of energy…
Photoautotrophs
use sunlight to make carbs
Heterotrophs
Consume autotrophs for energy
15 terms
AP Biology chapter 26A. Fungi
How long ago did plants colonize the l…
Mycorrhizal specialization
Fungi
Largest fungus
470-500 million years ago..... This evolved terrestrial animals
Endomycorrhizae:
Fungi facilitated colonization of land plants about 470 milli…
Armillaria osroyae (basidiomycete)... 2400 y.o. 2200 acres
How long ago did plants colonize the l…
470-500 million years ago..... This evolved terrestrial animals
Mycorrhizal specialization
Endomycorrhizae:
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