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Study sets matching "pre ap chemistry chapter 3"

45 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Atomic Theory
Compound
Law of definte proportions
law of conservation of mass
Atoms are the building blocks of matter
A pure substance cmposed of two or more atoms of two or more…
states that any chemical compound will always contain a fixed…
states the mass of the reactants in a reaction equals the mas…
Atomic Theory
Atoms are the building blocks of matter
Compound
A pure substance cmposed of two or more atoms of two or more…
26 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Average Atomic Mass
Electron
about the same as a proton
passed through / deflected
To determine the molar mass of an element, one most know the…
The part of an atom that has a mass approximately equal to on…
The mass of a neutron is __________________.
In Rutherford's experiments involving shooting positively-cha…
Average Atomic Mass
To determine the molar mass of an element, one most know the…
Electron
The part of an atom that has a mass approximately equal to on…
12 terms
TPS Pre-AP Honors Chemistry - Chapter 3
stoichiometry
chemical formula
molecular compound
ionic compound
numerical relationships between elements and compounds
symbolic representations that specify the elements present in…
made of molecules (groups of two or more atoms linked togethe…
made of ions (electrically charged particles)
stoichiometry
numerical relationships between elements and compounds
chemical formula
symbolic representations that specify the elements present in…
14 terms
Chemistry Pre-AP: Chapter 3: Vocabulary
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Definite Proportions
Law of Multiple Proportions
Atom
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
The law that states that when two elements combine to form tw…
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Law of Conservation of Mass
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
Law of Definite Proportions
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
22 terms
Pre AP Chemistry Chapter 3
measurement
Scientific notation
accuracy
precision
quantitive description that includes both a number and a unit
expression of numbers in the form m*10^n where m is equal to…
The closeness of the measurement to the true value of what is…
describes the closeness, or reproducibility, of a set of meas…
measurement
quantitive description that includes both a number and a unit
Scientific notation
expression of numbers in the form m*10^n where m is equal to…
19 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Chapter 3/21
Lavasier
Bauer
Stahl
Thomson
Person who came up with law of conservation of mass
Discovered metals come from ore
Believed in phlogiston
Discovered electron; conducted cathode ray experiments
Lavasier
Person who came up with law of conservation of mass
Bauer
Discovered metals come from ore
14 terms
Chemistry Pre-Ap: Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Definite Proportions
Law of Multiple Proportions
Atom
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
The law that states that when two elements combine to form tw…
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Law of Conservation of Mass
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
Law of Definite Proportions
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
31 terms
PreAP Chemistry: Chapter 3
Democritus
George Bauer
Phillipus Theophrastus Bombastas von H…
Berzelius
came up with the concept of the atom
wanted to make money (refined ores)
made patients eat pieces of clay or metal to obtain needed nu…
came up with atomic symbols for elements (Ex: Gold = Au)
Democritus
came up with the concept of the atom
George Bauer
wanted to make money (refined ores)
13 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Chapter 3 Test (Scientists)
Democritus
George Bauer
Philippus Theophrastus Bobastus von Ho…
Berzelius
Atom
Found the metal in the Ore and liked to make money
Medicine; Discovered that certain elements were necessary in…
Made logical symbols for elements
Democritus
Atom
George Bauer
Found the metal in the Ore and liked to make money
14 terms
Chemistry Pre-Ap: Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Law of Conversation of Mass
Law of Definite Proportions
Law of Multiple Proportions
Atom
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
The law that states that when two elements combine to form tw…
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Law of Conversation of Mass
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
Law of Definite Proportions
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
12 terms
Pre ap chemistry chapter 3 vocabulary
Molecular weight
Formula weight
Mole
Avogadro's number
Of a substance is the sum of the atomic weights of all the at…
The sum of the atomic weights of all atoms in a formula unit…
The quantity of a given substance that contains as many molec…
The number of atoms in a 12-g sample of carbon-12
Molecular weight
Of a substance is the sum of the atomic weights of all the at…
Formula weight
The sum of the atomic weights of all atoms in a formula unit…
19 terms
Pre-Ap Chemistry chapter 3 vocabulary
chemical stoichiometry
mass spectrometer
average atomic mass
mole (mol)
the calculation of the quantities of material consumed and pr…
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
the weighted average mass of the atoms in a naturally occurri…
the number equal to the number of carbon atoms in exactly of…
chemical stoichiometry
the calculation of the quantities of material consumed and pr…
mass spectrometer
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
26 terms
Pre-AP Chapter 3-4 Chemistry Review
Law of Definite Proportions
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Multiple Proportions
Electron
Chemical Compounds have the same elements in the same proport…
Mass cannot be created or destroyed in ordinary chemical reac…
If two or more different compounds are composed of the same t…
Symbol: e or e-... Mass: 9.1 x 10^-31 kg... Charge of -1
Law of Definite Proportions
Chemical Compounds have the same elements in the same proport…
Law of Conservation of Mass
Mass cannot be created or destroyed in ordinary chemical reac…
53 terms
Pre- AP Chapter 3-4 Chemistry Review Sheet
Law of Definite Proportions
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Multiple Proportions
Electron
chemical compounds always contain the SAME elements in the SA…
mass cannot be created or destroyed in ordinary chemical reac…
when the same 2 elements combine to form more than 2 differen…
a subatomic particle with a negative charge
Law of Definite Proportions
chemical compounds always contain the SAME elements in the SA…
Law of Conservation of Mass
mass cannot be created or destroyed in ordinary chemical reac…
19 terms
Chemistry Pre-AP: Chapter 3: Test
The atomic number of an element is rep…
Carbon-14 has 8 neutrons. What is the…
The atomic force responsible for holdi…
OH^1- is the formula for the polyatomi…
Z
6
Electrostatic
Hydroxide
The atomic number of an element is rep…
Z
Carbon-14 has 8 neutrons. What is the…
6
31 terms
Pre-Ap Chemistry Chapter 3 Test
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Definite Proportions
Law of Multiple Proportions
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Mass is neither destroyed nor created during ordinary chemica…
A chemical compound contains the same elements in exactly the…
If two or more different compounds are composed of the same t…
Elements are composed of atoms and that only whole numbers of…
Law of Conservation of Mass
Mass is neither destroyed nor created during ordinary chemica…
Law of Definite Proportions
A chemical compound contains the same elements in exactly the…
32 terms
Pre ap Chemistry Test Review Chapter 3
Greeks
Alchemists
George Bauer
Paracelsus
the first to try and explain why chemical changes occur propo…
discovered many elements; turned medal into gold
developed systematic metallurgy (extraction of metals from or…
developed the medicinal application of minerals
Greeks
the first to try and explain why chemical changes occur propo…
Alchemists
discovered many elements; turned medal into gold
25 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry: Chapter 3 Vocab
Measurement (HW)
Scientific Notation (HW)
Accuracy (HW)
Precision (HW)
A quantity that has both a number and a unit
A given number is written as the product of 2 numbers: a coef…
A measure of how close a measurement comes to the actual or t…
A measure of how close a series of measurements are to one an…
Measurement (HW)
A quantity that has both a number and a unit
Scientific Notation (HW)
A given number is written as the product of 2 numbers: a coef…
24 terms
Chapter 3 Vocabulary (pre-AP Chemistry)
Measurement
Scientific Notation
Accuracy
Precision
A quantity that has both a number and a unit. (AP)
A given number is written as the product of two numbers: a co…
A measure of how close a measurement comes to the actual or t…
A measure of how close a series of measurements are to one an…
Measurement
A quantity that has both a number and a unit. (AP)
Scientific Notation
A given number is written as the product of two numbers: a co…
45 terms
PreAP Spa 2 Chapter 3 Vocabulario
la computadora
el teclado
el monitor
el disquete
computer
keyboard
monitor
disk
la computadora
computer
el teclado
keyboard
28 terms
Pre AP Chemistry Ch 3 Test
Joseph John Thomson
Democritus
George Bauer
Phillippus Theophrastus Bombastas von…
1890s, experiments using cathode-ray tubes, concluded that al…
400 BCE, came up with the concept of atom (indivisible in Gre…
1500s, ore
1500s, used minerals as medicines for ill
Joseph John Thomson
1890s, experiments using cathode-ray tubes, concluded that al…
Democritus
400 BCE, came up with the concept of atom (indivisible in Gre…
32 terms
Chemistry PreAP Chapter 3 Quiz (atom history)
Rutherford
Democritus
Aristotle
Thompson
New Zealand or "kiwi" scientist who, along with Hans Geiger a…
Greek philosopher who stated matter was made of atoms around…
Greek pilosopher who refuted the idea of atoms or "atomos" su…
English physicist who discovered the electron; also proposed…
Rutherford
New Zealand or "kiwi" scientist who, along with Hans Geiger a…
Democritus
Greek philosopher who stated matter was made of atoms around…
34 terms
Pre AP Bio Chapter 3
Organic Compound
Inorganic compounds
Carbon
Single bond
Any compound with primarily carbon
Compounds that do not contain carbon
Can create 4 covalent bonds
When atoms share 1 pair of electrons
Organic Compound
Any compound with primarily carbon
Inorganic compounds
Compounds that do not contain carbon
15 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 3
Steroid
Peptide Bond
Hydrophobic
Protein
Molecule composed of 4 carbon rings with various functional g…
Covalent bond between 2 amino acids
Water fearing
Organic compounds composed mainly of C, H, O & N
Steroid
Molecule composed of 4 carbon rings with various functional g…
Peptide Bond
Covalent bond between 2 amino acids
24 terms
Chapter 3 Pre AP Study Guide - JAVA
diameter
int height, width;
1
=
Which is a valid identifier?... $12 ... 55... void ... diameter
Which is a valid declaration statement?... int height int width;…
How many values can a variable store at one time?
Which operator is used to assign a new value to a variable?
diameter
Which is a valid identifier?... $12 ... 55... void ... diameter
int height, width;
Which is a valid declaration statement?... int height int width;…
34 terms
Pre AP Chemistry: Chapter 3 Test
As the atomic number increases, the nu…
An alumin isotope consists of 13 proto…
Most of the volume of an ato is occupi…
An atom's density is based upon its
increases
27
electron cloud
number of protons
As the atomic number increases, the nu…
increases
An alumin isotope consists of 13 proto…
27
Pre AP Chemistry: Chapter 3 Test
As the atomic number increases, the nu…
An alumin isotope consists of 13 proto…
Most of the volume of an ato is occupi…
An atom's density is based upon its
increases
27
electron cloud
number of protons
As the atomic number increases, the nu…
increases
An alumin isotope consists of 13 proto…
27
24 terms
Pre-Ap Chem Chapter 3
Democritus
George Bauer
Philippus Theophrastus Bombastas von H…
Berzelius
Created the idea of an atom (wasn't able to test it , it was…
wanted to make money, refined iron ore and basically created…
said that your body was affected by minerals, gave his patien…
alchemy; created periodic symbols (not the ones we use today)
Democritus
Created the idea of an atom (wasn't able to test it , it was…
George Bauer
wanted to make money, refined iron ore and basically created…
77 terms
Pre-AP Bio Chapter 3
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
cytoplasm
the smallest unit which can carry out all of the processes of…
all living organisms are composed of one or more cells, cells…
cell' outer boundary which cover's a cells surface and acts a…
Region of the cell that contains fluid, the cytoskeleton, and…
cell
the smallest unit which can carry out all of the processes of…
cell theory
all living organisms are composed of one or more cells, cells…
23 terms
pre ap chem chapter 3
solid
liquid
gas
substance
definite volume and definite shape; noncompressible
definite volume but no definite shape; slightly compressible
no definite volume nor shape; take shape and volume of contai…
matter with the same fixed composition and properties through…
solid
definite volume and definite shape; noncompressible
liquid
definite volume but no definite shape; slightly compressible
24 terms
Pre-Ap Chem Chapter 3
Democritus
George Bauer
Philippus Theophrastus Bombastas von H…
Berzelius
Created the idea of an atom (wasn't able to test it , it was…
wanted to make money, refined iron ore and basically created…
said that your body was affected by minerals, gave his patien…
alchemy; created periodic symbols (not the ones we use today)
Democritus
Created the idea of an atom (wasn't able to test it , it was…
George Bauer
wanted to make money, refined iron ore and basically created…
20 terms
10 Pre-AP Chemistry - Chapter 3 & 4 Study Guide
Democritus
Aristotle
Alchemy
Robert Boyle
• matter made up of invisible parts called "atoms"
• four basic "elements" are air, fire, earth, water... • element…
• elixir of life... • transmutation... • towards the end of time pe…
• real live experimentation... • discovered few basic elements i…
Democritus
• matter made up of invisible parts called "atoms"
Aristotle
• four basic "elements" are air, fire, earth, water... • element…
27 terms
Pre-AP Chapter 3
La guerra
existencia
preocupado
contar
war
existence
busy
to tell
La guerra
war
existencia
existence
19 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
stoichiometry
chemical reactions
reactants
products
area of study that examines the quantities of substances cons…
a concise way of representing chemical reactions
the starting substances in a chemical reaction that are repre…
the substances produced in a chemical reaction that are repre…
stoichiometry
area of study that examines the quantities of substances cons…
chemical reactions
a concise way of representing chemical reactions
59 terms
Pre AP Bio Chapter 3
Organic molecule
Carbon dioxide
Tetravalence
Tetravalence
Any molecule that contains carbon bonded to another carbon or…
Most common inorganic carbon compound
"4 bonds" ability of an atom to form 4 bonds
The special feature that makes carbon the atom that is the ba…
Organic molecule
Any molecule that contains carbon bonded to another carbon or…
Carbon dioxide
Most common inorganic carbon compound
15 terms
Pre Ap Chapter 3
Framework for indian history:
India is also called
Vedic age (1500-1000 BCE)
Epic age (1000-600 BCE)
1) geography and aformative period... 2) patterns in classical I…
South Asia
Aka knowledge age... •Sanskrit- common language... •Vedas- sacred b…
•Mahabharata- greatest epic poem ... •Ramayana- reflect a more s…
Framework for indian history:
1) geography and aformative period... 2) patterns in classical I…
India is also called
South Asia
14 terms
AP Chemistry chapter 3
Stoichiometry
Chemical equation
Reactants
Products
The study of the quantitative relationships between chemical…
Shows the number of atoms and elements on each side of the eq…
Balance equations by placing coefficients in front of, this i…
Balance equations by placing coefficients in front of, this i…
Stoichiometry
The study of the quantitative relationships between chemical…
Chemical equation
Shows the number of atoms and elements on each side of the eq…
68 terms
DNA Chapter 3 studying pre-ap biology
Where is DNA stored?
replication fork
bases
5 carbons
nucleus
the place where the double helix splits
adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine
sugar
Where is DNA stored?
nucleus
replication fork
the place where the double helix splits
53 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 3
chemical bond
ionic bond
covalent bond
chemical formula
the sharing or transfer of electrons to attain stable electro…
a chemical bond formed between two oppositely charged ions, g…
a chemical bond in which two atoms share electrons that inter…
a symbolic representation of a compound that indicates the el…
chemical bond
the sharing or transfer of electrons to attain stable electro…
ionic bond
a chemical bond formed between two oppositely charged ions, g…
34 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Chapter 4
Quanta
Opposite Spin
Ground State
Electric Cloud
Max Planck proposed that a "hot" object radiated in small, sp…
The spin quantum of an electron can be thought of as describi…
The lowest total energy of the electron in a hydrogen atom oc…
The part of the atom where the electrons are found is the ___…
Quanta
Max Planck proposed that a "hot" object radiated in small, sp…
Opposite Spin
The spin quantum of an electron can be thought of as describi…
152 terms
Pre-AP World History- Chapter 3
Babylon to Hittites
Accomplishments of Hittites
Hittite Empire fell
Hittites responsible for
Hittites dominated the region because of iron
Iron weapons and the horse drawn chariot
Iron smiths migrated to Asia, Africa, and Europe taking their…
Cultural Diffusion
Babylon to Hittites
Hittites dominated the region because of iron
Accomplishments of Hittites
Iron weapons and the horse drawn chariot
53 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 3
chemical bond
ionic bond
covalent bond
chemical formula
the sharing or transfer of electrons to attain stable electro…
a chemical bond formed between two oppositely charged ions, g…
a chemical bond in which two atoms share electrons that inter…
a symbolic representation of a compound that indicates the el…
chemical bond
the sharing or transfer of electrons to attain stable electro…
ionic bond
a chemical bond formed between two oppositely charged ions, g…
14 terms
Chapter 3 chem pre ap
law of conservation of mass
law of definite proportions
law of multiple proportions
atom
The law states that the mass cannot be created or destroyed i…
The law states that a chemical compound always contains the s…
the law states that when two elements combine to form two or…
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
law of conservation of mass
The law states that the mass cannot be created or destroyed i…
law of definite proportions
The law states that a chemical compound always contains the s…
20 terms
Ap Chemistry: Chapter 3 terms
Organic compounds
Hydrocarbons
functional hydrocarbons
functional group
a broad class of compounds that contain mostly carbons with f…
compounds that only contain carbon and hydrogen
contain a hydrocarbon group and a functional group
is a characteristic atom (ex: Br) or group of atoms (ex: CO2H)
Organic compounds
a broad class of compounds that contain mostly carbons with f…
Hydrocarbons
compounds that only contain carbon and hydrogen
53 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 3
chemical bond
ionic bond
covalent bond
chemical formula
the sharing or transfer of electrons to attain stable electro…
a chemical bond formed between two oppositely charged ions, g…
a chemical bond in which two atoms share electrons that inter…
a symbolic representation of a compound that indicates the el…
chemical bond
the sharing or transfer of electrons to attain stable electro…
ionic bond
a chemical bond formed between two oppositely charged ions, g…
60 terms
Pre-AP: Chapter 3 Vocabualry
Minoans
Myceneaens
Phoenicians
Polis
GREECE: earliest civilization on Crete (1600 BCE)
Earliest Greek civilization, conquered Crete from Minoans
Seafaring civilization in Mediterranean and Aegean Seas in Gr…
Greek city-state
Minoans
GREECE: earliest civilization on Crete (1600 BCE)
Myceneaens
Earliest Greek civilization, conquered Crete from Minoans
28 terms
Chapter 3 Pre-Ap Geometry
Parallel Lines
Skew Lines
Parallel Planes
Transversal
Coplanar lines that do not intersect
Non-coplanar; not parallel; do not intersect
Planes that do not intersect
Line or line segment that intersects 2 or more coplanar lines…
Parallel Lines
Coplanar lines that do not intersect
Skew Lines
Non-coplanar; not parallel; do not intersect
16 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 3
Chemical stoichiometry
Mass spectrometer
Average atomic mass (atomic mass)
Mole
the area of study concerned with the quantities of materials…
instrument used for comparing the masses of atoms
the weighted average mass of the atoms in a naturally occurri…
the amount of substance of a system that contains many "eleme…
Chemical stoichiometry
the area of study concerned with the quantities of materials…
Mass spectrometer
instrument used for comparing the masses of atoms
41 terms
Pre AP Chemistry Ch 3 & 21
electron
protons
neutrons
atomic number
negative charge, e-, 1-, mass: 9.11 x 10^-28 g, cathode rays
positive charge, p+, 1+, mass: 1.673 x 10^-24 g
high energy, zero charge, n0, mass: 1.675 x 10^-24 g
# of protons in nucleus = #of electrons
electron
negative charge, e-, 1-, mass: 9.11 x 10^-28 g, cathode rays
protons
positive charge, p+, 1+, mass: 1.673 x 10^-24 g
59 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3 - The Chemistry Of Organic Molecules
Organic Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Organic Molecules
Biomolecules
The chemistry of living organisms
The chemistry of nonliving matter
Molecules that contain both carbon and hydrogen atoms
Classes of organic compounds in living things: carbohydrates,…
Organic Chemistry
The chemistry of living organisms
Inorganic Chemistry
The chemistry of nonliving matter
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