# precalculus regents review Flashcards

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Scientific Revolution

Scientific Method

Heliocentric

Enlightenment

A major change in European thought, starting in the mid-1500s,…

A method of investigation involving observation and theory to…

Based on the belief that the sun is the center of the universe

A popular philosophical movement of the 1700s that focused on…

Scientific Revolution

A major change in European thought, starting in the mid-1500s,…

Scientific Method

A method of investigation involving observation and theory to…

Function or Not?

Describe the end behavior of g(x) = -4x…

Describe the set of numbers below using…

Determine the relative minimum point of…

Not a Function

as x→∞, f(x)→-∞, ... as x→-∞, f(x)→∞

(-∞, -4)U[10, ∞)

(-1.45, -6.76)

Function or Not?

Not a Function

Describe the end behavior of g(x) = -4x…

as x→∞, f(x)→-∞, ... as x→-∞, f(x)→∞

Protons

Neutron

electron

Mass number

Positive charge particle; 1 amu; located in the nucleus

neutral; 1 amu; located in the nucleus

negative charge; tiny mass; located in orbitals outside the nu…

Protons and neutrons added together

Protons

Positive charge particle; 1 amu; located in the nucleus

Neutron

neutral; 1 amu; located in the nucleus

rational

continuous graph

maximum turning point

absolute value

number that can be expressed as an integer or fraction; a numb…

allows the x-values to be ANY points in the interval, includin…

a relative maximum value in a polynomial function; the y value…

value or distance away from zero

rational

number that can be expressed as an integer or fraction; a numb…

continuous graph

allows the x-values to be ANY points in the interval, includin…

Leading Coefficient

Degree

Zero Function

Constant Function

The number in front of the X of the highest degree ... (ex.) (4)x…

The highest exponent in a polynomial determining the number of…

A polynomial with no degree and a slop of zero... {f(x)= 0 }

A polynomial with a constant and no degree ... {f(x)= a}

Leading Coefficient

The number in front of the X of the highest degree ... (ex.) (4)x…

Degree

The highest exponent in a polynomial determining the number of…

algebraic functions

exponential function

exponential growth function

exponential decay function

functions obtained by adding, subtracting, multiplying, and di…

a function that can be written in the form f(x)= a*b^2; a is t…

in f(x+1)= b*f(x) if a>0 and b>1, the function f is increasing…

in f(x+1)= b*f(x) if a>0 and b<1, f is decreasing; base b is a…

algebraic functions

functions obtained by adding, subtracting, multiplying, and di…

exponential function

a function that can be written in the form f(x)= a*b^2; a is t…

Ecology

Species

Population

Community

The study of how living things interact with each other and wi…

A group of organisms that share certain characteristics and ca…

All the individuals of a single species that live in specific…

A combination of all the different populations that live and i…

Ecology

The study of how living things interact with each other and wi…

Species

A group of organisms that share certain characteristics and ca…

Ecology

Food Chain

Food Web

Photosynthesis

The study of how living things interact with each other and th…

A series of events in which one organism eats another and obta…

A community of organisms where there are several interrelated…

The process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and us…

Ecology

The study of how living things interact with each other and th…

Food Chain

A series of events in which one organism eats another and obta…

What is the term for the best temperatu…

What term describes an enzyme that chan…

What do starches get digested/broken do…

What do proteins get digested/broken do…

optimum temperature

denatured

sugars/glucose

amino acids

What is the term for the best temperatu…

optimum temperature

What term describes an enzyme that chan…

denatured

Where does an embryo implant and develo…

Where does an egg get fertilized?

Where does developing fetus get oxygen…

What PROCESS allows materials to pass f…

uterus

oviduct

diffusion through placenta

DIFFUSION

Where does an embryo implant and develo…

uterus

Where does an egg get fertilized?

oviduct

mayflower Compact

Virginia House of Burgesses

Mercantilism

Common Sense

A document written by the Pilgrims setting guidelines for self…

First representative government in the colonies, self-governme…

Economic system where the mother country benefits - raw materi…

1776: a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colo…

mayflower Compact

A document written by the Pilgrims setting guidelines for self…

Virginia House of Burgesses

First representative government in the colonies, self-governme…

Solve an inequality with 2 variables (y…

Solve inequality with 1 variable (f(x)>…

Point-Slope Form

Standard Form

Dotted line if not equal to and shaded region

Sign pattern (Don't divide by variable when simplifying)

y-y1=m(x-x1)

Ax+By=C

Solve an inequality with 2 variables (y…

Dotted line if not equal to and shaded region

Solve inequality with 1 variable (f(x)>…

Sign pattern (Don't divide by variable when simplifying)

THESE CARDS ARE IN THEMATIC ORDER

**INTRO TO EARTH SCIENCE**

4 Main Branches of Earth Science

Geology

the unit will be in capital letters

Geology, Astronomy, Meteorology, Oceanography

The study of the materials that make up the earth's surface (R…

THESE CARDS ARE IN THEMATIC ORDER

the unit will be in capital letters

**INTRO TO EARTH SCIENCE**

Properties of Parallelograms

Rectangles, squares, and rhombi are all:

Properties of Rectangles

Properties of Squares

1) Opposite sides are congruent... 2) Opposite angles are congrue…

parallelograms so they have all the properties of a parallelog…

1) Opposite sides are congruent... 2) Opposite angles are congrue…

1) All sides are congruent... 2) Opposite angles are congruent... 3)…

Properties of Parallelograms

1) Opposite sides are congruent... 2) Opposite angles are congrue…

Rectangles, squares, and rhombi are all:

parallelograms so they have all the properties of a parallelog…

mayflower Compact

Virginia House of Burgesses

Mercantilism

Common Sense

A document written by the Pilgrims setting guidelines for self…

First representative government in the colonies, self-governme…

Economic system where the mother country benefits - raw materi…

1776: a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colo…

mayflower Compact

A document written by the Pilgrims setting guidelines for self…

Virginia House of Burgesses

First representative government in the colonies, self-governme…

Rational Number

Irrational Number

Quadratic Formula

Factoring Cubes

-any number that is a real number that can be written ass a te…

-real number that cannot be written as a terminating or repeat…

-b±[√b²-4ac]/2a

a^3+b^3=(a+b) (a^2-ab+b^2)... -if it is A^3-B^3 then change to (a…

Rational Number

-any number that is a real number that can be written ass a te…

Irrational Number

-real number that cannot be written as a terminating or repeat…

1. The same objects have the

2. The closer isolines are...

3. The altitude of Polaris equals...

4. The Earth rotates

same density (NO MATTER WHAT SIZE)

the steeper the gradient... (diagram: North side is steepest)

the latitude of the observer... Diagram: Observer's altitude = 66…

West to east... 15 degrees per hour... in 24 hours or one day

1. The same objects have the

same density (NO MATTER WHAT SIZE)

2. The closer isolines are...

the steeper the gradient... (diagram: North side is steepest)

Ecology

Species

Population

Community

The study of how living things interact with each other and wi…

A group of organisms that share certain characteristics and ca…

All the individuals of a single species that live in specific…

A combination of all the different populations that live and i…

Ecology

The study of how living things interact with each other and wi…

Species

A group of organisms that share certain characteristics and ca…

Industrial Revolution

Enclosure

Industrialization

Factors of Production

great increase in machine production that began in England in…

large closed-in field for farming crop rotation planting a dif…

process of developing machine production of goods

conditions needed to produce goods and services

Industrial Revolution

great increase in machine production that began in England in…

Enclosure

large closed-in field for farming crop rotation planting a dif…

cancer

heredity

DNA

clone

occurs when certain genetic mutations in a cell can result in…

the passing of genetic information from one generation to the…

hereditary information organized in the form of genes ... located…

identical genetic copies

cancer

occurs when certain genetic mutations in a cell can result in…

heredity

the passing of genetic information from one generation to the…