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Study sets matching "prenatal development birth"

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Study sets matching "prenatal development birth"

26 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
Germinal Period
Embryonic
fetal period
Embryo
1st 2weks... The first two weeks of prenatal development after c…
3 -8th week ... the stage of prenatal development from approxima…
9th -Birth ... 5% don't make it ... About 5 percent of all fetuses…
primitive strek ... head takes shape ... eyes, noes
Germinal Period
1st 2weks... The first two weeks of prenatal development after c…
Embryonic
3 -8th week ... the stage of prenatal development from approxima…
48 terms
Genetics, Prenatal Development, and Birth
zygote
genes
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) molecules
chromosomes
new cell formed by the process of fertilization
the basic unit of genetic information
the substance that genes are composed of the and determines t…
rod-shaped portions of DNA that are organized in 23 pairs
zygote
new cell formed by the process of fertilization
genes
the basic unit of genetic information
46 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
Fertilization
Zygote
Blastocyst
Implantation
Fusion of an egg and sperm cell
Fertilized egg cell
A fluid-filled sphere formed about 5 days after fertilization…
Process in which the blastocyst attaches to the wall of the u…
Fertilization
Fusion of an egg and sperm cell
Zygote
Fertilized egg cell
13 terms
Prenatal Development & Birth
Fertilization
Amniotic Sac
Umbilical Cord-
Placenta
union of a male sperm cell and a female egg cell
Thin, fluid-filled sac that surrounds and protects the develo…
rope-like structure that connects embryo through mother's pla…
thick blood-rich tissues that lines the walls of the uterus a…
Fertilization
union of a male sperm cell and a female egg cell
Amniotic Sac
Thin, fluid-filled sac that surrounds and protects the develo…
13 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
Ultrasound
Infertility
Trimester
Prenatal Care
High-frequency sound waves used to create an image of a devel…
The condition of being unable to reproduce.
One of three periods of a time that divide a pregnancy, appro…
Medical care recieved during pregnancy.
Ultrasound
High-frequency sound waves used to create an image of a devel…
Infertility
The condition of being unable to reproduce.
30 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth Chapter 4
Age of viability
Anoxia
Apgar scale
Behavioral teratogens
The age at which a fetus might survive outside the mother's u…
A lack of oxygen that, if prolonged, can cause brain damage o…
A quick assessment of a newborn's health.
Agents and conditions that can harm the prenatal brain, impai…
Age of viability
The age at which a fetus might survive outside the mother's u…
Anoxia
A lack of oxygen that, if prolonged, can cause brain damage o…
37 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
Germinal Period
Blastocyst
Trophoblast
36 hours after conception how many cells
First 2 weeks after conception... (zygote created)
inner layer of cells that develop during germinal period (lat…
outer layer of cells that develops during germinal period (la…
2
Germinal Period
First 2 weeks after conception... (zygote created)
Blastocyst
inner layer of cells that develop during germinal period (lat…
121 terms
Conception, Prenatal Development and Birth
gestation
zygote
embryo
fetus
period of conception to birth
conception to about 2 weeks
2 to 8 weeks
8 to 40 weeks
gestation
period of conception to birth
zygote
conception to about 2 weeks
18 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
Trisomy 21/ Down Syndrome (Chromosomal…
Klinefelter Syndrome (Chromosomal abno…
Fragile X Syndrome (Chromosomal abnorm…
Turner Syndrome (Chromosomal abnormali…
- Caused by an extra (3rd) chromosome (extra copy of chromoso…
- XXY... - Caused by an extra X chromosome... - Causes physical a…
- Caused by an abnormality in the X chromosome... - Causes int…
- XO... - Caused by a missing X chromosome in females... - Can ca…
Trisomy 21/ Down Syndrome (Chromosomal…
- Caused by an extra (3rd) chromosome (extra copy of chromoso…
Klinefelter Syndrome (Chromosomal abno…
- XXY... - Caused by an extra X chromosome... - Causes physical a…
21 terms
prenatal development and birth
germinal period
embryonic period
fetal period
implantation
first 2 weeks of prenatal development after conception, chara…
stage of prenatal development from approx. the third through…
ninth week after conception. organs become more mature and gr…
10 days after conception, in which developing organism burrow…
germinal period
first 2 weeks of prenatal development after conception, chara…
embryonic period
stage of prenatal development from approx. the third through…
26 terms
Prenatal Development/Birth
Course of prenatal Development
Germinal Period
Embryonic Period
Fetal Period
1-germinal period... 2-embryonic period... 3-fetal period... 4-the brain
blastocyst... trophoblast
endoderm... mesoderm... extoderm... (Create parts on inside and our of…
...
Course of prenatal Development
1-germinal period... 2-embryonic period... 3-fetal period... 4-the brain
Germinal Period
blastocyst... trophoblast
31 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
Germinal Period
Embryonic Period
Fetal Period
Implantation
first two weeks of development
third to eight week of development
fourth week until birth period of development
developing organism burrows into the placenta that lines the…
Germinal Period
first two weeks of development
Embryonic Period
third to eight week of development
19 terms
Prenatal Development & Birth
Stages of prenatal development
Chromosomes
Autosomes
Sex chromosomes
1) germinal stage - fertilized ovum called a zygote, first tw…
All humans have 46 chromosomes arranged in 23 pairs
22 of the 23 pairs of chromosomes
One pair of chromosomes... Females XX... Males XY
Stages of prenatal development
1) germinal stage - fertilized ovum called a zygote, first tw…
Chromosomes
All humans have 46 chromosomes arranged in 23 pairs
12 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
Three Stages of Prenatal Development
Zygotic Period
Embryonic Period
Fetal Period
Conception (Zygotic Period)... Embryonic Period... Fetal Period
Fertilization implants the seed... Blastula (hallow ball of cell…
Embryonic Disk Splits... Human body begins to develop... Ectoderm…
Sex organ form... Organs begin to work together... Develops Motor A…
Three Stages of Prenatal Development
Conception (Zygotic Period)... Embryonic Period... Fetal Period
Zygotic Period
Fertilization implants the seed... Blastula (hallow ball of cell…
38 terms
prenatal development and birth vocab
ovum
uterus
cervix
fallopian tube
an egg cell
(womb) the organ in which a baby develops during pregnancy
the lower part of the uterus (10cm = fully dilated)
a tube that connects the ovary to the uterus
ovum
an egg cell
uterus
(womb) the organ in which a baby develops during pregnancy
Prenatal Development and Birth
How long is the fetal period?
What is the function of the placenta
Currently in the US, what is the newbo…
Which period begins three weeks after…
from nine weeks after conception until birth.
to protect and nourish the developing fetus.
1 in 250.
the embryonic period.
How long is the fetal period?
from nine weeks after conception until birth.
What is the function of the placenta
to protect and nourish the developing fetus.
9 terms
Prenatal Development & Birth
Cells
Chromosomes
Gene
Mitosis
Have a control center (nucleus) containing chromosomes which…
Made up of a chemical substance called DNA. Come in 23 matchi…
A segment of DNA along the length of the chromosome.
Process through which DNA duplicates itself
Cells
Have a control center (nucleus) containing chromosomes which…
Chromosomes
Made up of a chemical substance called DNA. Come in 23 matchi…
40 terms
Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn
Fertilization
Ovum
Ovulation
Gestational Age
The process by which a sperm penetrates an egg.
An unfertilized egg.
The release of a mature egg from an ovary.
The length of time since the conception of a developing organ…
Fertilization
The process by which a sperm penetrates an egg.
Ovum
An unfertilized egg.
76 terms
Prenatal Development, Pregnancy, and Birth
How do some cultures respond to the vu…
Why do some cultures postpone celebrat…
How many sperm does an adult male typi…
What happens to the nuclei of the two…
...
In underdeveloped nations, the mothers/babies are susceptible…
An adult male typically produces several hundred million sper…
When the nuclei of the sperm and ova, called gametes, combine…
How do some cultures respond to the vu…
...
Why do some cultures postpone celebrat…
In underdeveloped nations, the mothers/babies are susceptible…
34 terms
Chapter 3: Prenatal Development and Birth
Germinal Period
Embryonic Period
Fetal Period
Most common causes of Miscarriage
The period of prenatal development that takes place in the fi…
The period of prenatal development that occurs two to eight w…
Lasting about seven months, this period between two months af…
1) Chromosomal Abnormality... 2) Infection
Germinal Period
The period of prenatal development that takes place in the fi…
Embryonic Period
The period of prenatal development that occurs two to eight w…
21 terms
Prenatal Development - before birth
prenatal care
obstetrician
cells
tissues
the care of a fetus before birth
a doctor that specializes in prenatal and birth
basic units of life, every cell in your body does a specific…
a bundle of cells that do similar jobs makes up an area calle…
prenatal care
the care of a fetus before birth
obstetrician
a doctor that specializes in prenatal and birth
14 terms
Prenatal development and birth
Germinal period
Blastocyst
Trophoblast
Embryonic period
The period of prenatal development that takes place in the fi…
The inner layer of cells that develops during the germinal pe…
The outer layer of cells that develops in the germinal period…
The period of prenatal development two to eight weeks after c…
Germinal period
The period of prenatal development that takes place in the fi…
Blastocyst
The inner layer of cells that develops during the germinal pe…
23 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
Germinal Period (1st two weeks)
Embryonic Period (3rd to 8th week)
Fetal Period (9th week to birth)
implantation
rapid cell division and beginning of cell differentiation, pl…
basic forms of all body structures develop, heart begins to p…
fetus grows in size and matures in functioning, genitals form
developing organism burrows into the placenta that lines the…
Germinal Period (1st two weeks)
rapid cell division and beginning of cell differentiation, pl…
Embryonic Period (3rd to 8th week)
basic forms of all body structures develop, heart begins to p…
83 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
prenatal development
germinal period
embryonic period
fetal period
that which occurs between the moment of conception and birth
weeks 1-2 of prenatal development; lasts from conception to i…
weeks 3-8 of prenatal development; includes the formation of…
week 9 of prenatal development to birth; includes major organ…
prenatal development
that which occurs between the moment of conception and birth
germinal period
weeks 1-2 of prenatal development; lasts from conception to i…
39 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
ovum
if the ovum is not fertilized
if a couple has intercourse during the…
every cell in the human body contains
egg cell... ordinarily, a woman produces one ovum per month from…
it travels from the ovary down the fallopian tube toward the…
one of the millions of sperm ejaculated as part of each male…
23 pairs of chromosomes
ovum
egg cell... ordinarily, a woman produces one ovum per month from…
if the ovum is not fertilized
it travels from the ovary down the fallopian tube toward the…
34 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
Germinal Period
Embryonic Period
Fetal Period
Trimester 1
First 2 wks after conception. Zygote begin duplication and di…
3rd wk-8th wk. Most critical period in growth. By the end emb…
9th week- conception. Cephalocaudal and proximodistal growth.…
1-12 weeks
Germinal Period
First 2 wks after conception. Zygote begin duplication and di…
Embryonic Period
3rd wk-8th wk. Most critical period in growth. By the end emb…
10 terms
3. Prenatal Development & Birth
Reproduction
Gene X Environment Interaction
Twins
Embryo
Sperm and egg (gametes)= 23 chromosomes... --->... zygote= 23 chrom…
Interacting effects of genetics and the environment on develo…
Identical-->1 sperm 1 egg (monozygotic); must be same gender;…
-Implantation- 8 wks... -Most rapid period of growth... -Groundwork…
Reproduction
Sperm and egg (gametes)= 23 chromosomes... --->... zygote= 23 chrom…
Gene X Environment Interaction
Interacting effects of genetics and the environment on develo…
38 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
Germinal
Embryonic
Fetal
Germinal Period:
first 2 weeks after conception, zygote created
occurs from 2 to 8 weeks after conception
begins 2 months after conception and lasts until birth
period of development that takes place the first two weeks af…
Germinal
first 2 weeks after conception, zygote created
Embryonic
occurs from 2 to 8 weeks after conception
30 terms
Prenatal development & birth & Piaget
Fetus
Teratogen
Gestational age
Fetal age
Refer to a the baby during gestation
Nongenetic agents that can cause abnormal dev in the fetus
40 wks counts from first day of Period
38 wks counts from conception
Fetus
Refer to a the baby during gestation
Teratogen
Nongenetic agents that can cause abnormal dev in the fetus
24 terms
Prenatal Development & Birth
Fertilization
Implantation
Embryo
Fetus
the union of a male sperm cell and a female egg cell
the zygote attaches to the uterine wall
cluster of cells that develop between the third and eighth we…
developing embryo in the uterus
Fertilization
the union of a male sperm cell and a female egg cell
Implantation
the zygote attaches to the uterine wall
24 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
fretilization
impantation
embryo
fetus
The penetration of the egg cell by a sperm cell
end of the blastocyst phase . The blastocyst attaches to the…
A fertilised egg in the first eight weeks after conception
In humans, the term for the developing organism between the e…
fretilization
The penetration of the egg cell by a sperm cell
impantation
end of the blastocyst phase . The blastocyst attaches to the…
16 terms
DPsych: Prenatal Development&Birth
What are the three periods of prenatal…
1st trimester=
2nd trimester=
3rd trimester=
-Zygote: 2 weeks... -Embryo: 6 weeks... -Fetus: 30 weeks
Conception-12 weeks
13-24 weeks (3-6 month period)
25-38 weeks (6 mo-9/10 months)
What are the three periods of prenatal…
-Zygote: 2 weeks... -Embryo: 6 weeks... -Fetus: 30 weeks
1st trimester=
Conception-12 weeks
19 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
Oxytocin:
The average baby is born after
The preceding births usually take
The first few minutes after labor
Hormone released that prepares the fetus for delivery and sta…
12 hours of active labor.
7 hours of active labor
between spontaneous cries, the first breaths of air bring oxy…
Oxytocin:
Hormone released that prepares the fetus for delivery and sta…
The average baby is born after
12 hours of active labor.
11 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
reproduction
genetic code
traits
Gene x Environment Interaction
-sperm and egg (gametes) each have 23 chromosomes... -resulting…
-DNA duplicates itself through mitosis (chromosomes copy them…
-genotype: genetic code person inherits... -phenotype: observabl…
interacting effects of genetics and environment on developmen…
reproduction
-sperm and egg (gametes) each have 23 chromosomes... -resulting…
genetic code
-DNA duplicates itself through mitosis (chromosomes copy them…
31 terms
2 - Prenatal Development; Birth
Zygote
When a zygote develops into two cluste…
Two Zygotes
Factors associated with increased like…
Formed after sperm and ovum unite at conception
They result in monozygotic (indentical) twins and share ident…
Dizygotic (fraternal) twins
Older maternal age, fertility drugs, and in vitro fertilisation
Zygote
Formed after sperm and ovum unite at conception
When a zygote develops into two cluste…
They result in monozygotic (indentical) twins and share ident…
22 terms
Prenatal, Development and Birth
germinal, embryonic, fetal
embryonic
embryonic (3-8 weeks)
neurogenesis
What are the names of the trimesters in pregnancy?
the stage of pregnancy that is the 3rd through the 8th week o…
which stage is the infant most vulnerable in terms of what yo…
the growth and development of neural tissue. In infancy, 250,…
germinal, embryonic, fetal
What are the names of the trimesters in pregnancy?
embryonic
the stage of pregnancy that is the 3rd through the 8th week o…
12 terms
Prenatal Development/Birth
Fragile X
Sickle Cell
Spina Bifida
Teratogen
dominant gene disorder- x sex chromosome- affects production…
recessive gene disorder- chromosome 11
developmental disorder from poor nutrition during pregnancy--…
anything that can harm a fetus ... ex. Zika Virus causes microce…
Fragile X
dominant gene disorder- x sex chromosome- affects production…
Sickle Cell
recessive gene disorder- chromosome 11
22 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
Reproduction
Mitosis
Gametes
Autosomes
-Sperm+egg each have 23 chromosomes... -Resulting zygote has 23…
-Cells duplicate their DNA and split into two cells
-sex cells
-first 22 pairs of chromosomes (identical)
Reproduction
-Sperm+egg each have 23 chromosomes... -Resulting zygote has 23…
Mitosis
-Cells duplicate their DNA and split into two cells
24 terms
Prenatal development and birth
Fertilization
Implantation
Embryo
Fetus
The union of a male sperm cell and a female egg cell
When the zygote attaches to the uterine wall
The cluster of cells that develop between the third and eight…
Developing group of cells after about the eighth week
Fertilization
The union of a male sperm cell and a female egg cell
Implantation
When the zygote attaches to the uterine wall
16 terms
Prenatal Development & Birth
Reproduction
Genetic Code
Genotype v. Phenotype
Gene x Environment (GxE) Interaction
Sperm & egg (gametes) each have 23 chromosomes... Resulting zygo…
DNA duplicates itself through mitosis (chromosomes copy thems…
Genotype... The genetic code a person inherits... Phenotype... The obs…
The interacting effects of genetics and the environment on th…
Reproduction
Sperm & egg (gametes) each have 23 chromosomes... Resulting zygo…
Genetic Code
DNA duplicates itself through mitosis (chromosomes copy thems…
8 terms
Prenatal development and birth
environment
germinal period
embryo period
fetus
physical, social,postnatal,reciprocal.
first two weeks; fertilization to implantation; zygote, blast…
next six weeks; organogenesis, rapid growth, cephalocaudal,pr…
rest of the pregnancy; refinement, age of viability.
environment
physical, social,postnatal,reciprocal.
germinal period
first two weeks; fertilization to implantation; zygote, blast…
47 terms
prenatal development and birth
germinal period
blastocyst
trophoblast
implantation
prenatal development that takes place in the first two weeks…
group of cells
an outer layer of cells that later provides nutrition and sup…
the attachment of the zygote to the uterine wall, takes place…
germinal period
prenatal development that takes place in the first two weeks…
blastocyst
group of cells
22 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
Prenatal blood tests
Sonogram/ Ultrasound
Amniocentesis
Chorion Villi Sampling
check Alfa-fetoprotein levels (AFP); a lot of false positives
bounce sound waves off of the fetus in order to create a pict…
not typically done unless they are worried about something; u…
done at 8 weeks; similar to an amniocentesis but take the cel…
Prenatal blood tests
check Alfa-fetoprotein levels (AFP); a lot of false positives
Sonogram/ Ultrasound
bounce sound waves off of the fetus in order to create a pict…
16 terms
Prenatal development and birth
Pre-conception health
germinal period
embryonic period
2 weeks
-are you and your partner ready?... -Folic acid... -calcium... -iron... b…
first two weeks... -implantation, yolk sack
3rd through 8th weeks
primitive streak
Pre-conception health
-are you and your partner ready?... -Folic acid... -calcium... -iron... b…
germinal period
first two weeks... -implantation, yolk sack
Prenatal Development and Birth
zygote
ovum
fallopian tube
uterus
single cell formed from separate sperm and egg cells at conce…
cell released monthly from a woman's ovaries, which, if ferti…
tube between ovary and uterus down which the ovum travels to…
female organ in which the embryo/fetus develops. Located in t…
zygote
single cell formed from separate sperm and egg cells at conce…
ovum
cell released monthly from a woman's ovaries, which, if ferti…
31 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth Vocabulary
Ovum
Uterus
Cervix
Fallopian tube
An egg cell
(Womb) The organ which a baby develops during pregnancy
The lower part of the uterus
A tube that connects the ovary to the uterus
Ovum
An egg cell
Uterus
(Womb) The organ which a baby develops during pregnancy
34 terms
prenatal development and birth
gustation
sterility
infertility
fertility drugs
period from conception to berth
permanent inability to conceive
the failure to conceive a child after 1 year of unprotected sex
improves womens chance of ovulation
gustation
period from conception to berth
sterility
permanent inability to conceive
40 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
Prenatal Growth
Beginning of Pregnancy
Length of Pregnancy
Trimesters
- Germinal Period (first 2wks after conception): Rapic cell d…
- Gestational age = starts at conception... - Embryo = formed 2w…
- Starting from LMP = 40wks... - Full term = 266 days/38wks/ 9mo…
- 3 months each... - Used instead of germinal, embryonic, & feta…
Prenatal Growth
- Germinal Period (first 2wks after conception): Rapic cell d…
Beginning of Pregnancy
- Gestational age = starts at conception... - Embryo = formed 2w…
75 terms
Prenatal development and birth
Phenotype
Genotype
Chromosomes
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Directly observable characteristics.
The complex blend of genetic information that determines our…
Rodlike structures that store and transmit genetic informatio…
Long double-stranded molecule that looks like a twisted ladde…
Phenotype
Directly observable characteristics.
Genotype
The complex blend of genetic information that determines our…
10 terms
Prenatal Development and Birth
The course of prenatal development
Germinal Period
The Differentiation of Cells (cells ar…
Embryonic Period
- germinal period - begins at conception and ends at plantati…
-It is the period that occurs the first 2 weeks after concept…
-The Blastocyst - the inner layer of cells that develops duri…
-The period that occurs from 2 to 8 weeks after conception... -T…
The course of prenatal development
- germinal period - begins at conception and ends at plantati…
Germinal Period
-It is the period that occurs the first 2 weeks after concept…
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