Study sets matching "primates early"

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Study sets matching "primates early"

Early Primates
Euprimates
Anapoids (strepsirrhines)
Omomyoids (haplorrhines)
Notharcus
Clear primate traits ... Ex) post orbital bar, large brain
ancestral lemurs
ancestral tarsiers
kind of anapoid
Euprimates
Clear primate traits ... Ex) post orbital bar, large brain
Anapoids (strepsirrhines)
ancestral lemurs
15 terms
EARLY PRIMATES
MIOCENE
OLIGOCENE
EOCENE
PALEOCENE
23.8... Victoriapithecus... Proconsul... Sivapithecus... Gigantopithecus
33.7... Apidium... Aegyptopithecus... Branisella
54.8 ... Basal Anthropoids (Eosimias&Biretia)... Adapidea... Omomyidae
65... Plesiadapiforms
MIOCENE
23.8... Victoriapithecus... Proconsul... Sivapithecus... Gigantopithecus
OLIGOCENE
33.7... Apidium... Aegyptopithecus... Branisella
Early Primates
Sahelanthropus tchadensis
Australopithecus
Robust Austra/Paranthropus
Australopithecus Africanus
7 million years old; oldest hominin; fairly complete skull; m…
southern ape; biped; small body; small brain; moderate progna…
hard-object feeding; muscles of mastication; postorbital cons…
large brain case; rounded vault locking cranial crests; less…
Sahelanthropus tchadensis
7 million years old; oldest hominin; fairly complete skull; m…
Australopithecus
southern ape; biped; small body; small brain; moderate progna…
18 terms
Early Primates
Early Primate Adaptions
The Earliest Primates were
Plesiadapis
Carpolestes simpsoni
-no post orbital bar ... -long snout... -laterally placed orbits... VE…
Plesidapiform Primates from 65 M.Y.A.... placed on own suborder…
Primate-like ancestor ... rodent like incisors ... primate like mol…
the link b/tw primate-like ancestors and the earliest true pr…
Early Primate Adaptions
-no post orbital bar ... -long snout... -laterally placed orbits... VE…
The Earliest Primates were
Plesidapiform Primates from 65 M.Y.A.... placed on own suborder…
Early Primates
Genetics vs fossil record
What are the ways in which Plesiadapif…
What's the relevance of Altiatlasius?
What happens in the Eocene?
Genetics vs fossil evidence differs. This poses a problem wit…
Plesiadapiformes ("Adapid-like" or "near Adapiformes") is an…
Altiatlasius is potentially the oldest known "euprimate" (pri…
We get primates! And a big flourishing - today we only have a…
Genetics vs fossil record
Genetics vs fossil evidence differs. This poses a problem wit…
What are the ways in which Plesiadapif…
Plesiadapiformes ("Adapid-like" or "near Adapiformes") is an…
early primates/homs
Plesiadapiforms
Adapids
omomyids
Protopithecus
early primates... Paleocene: 65-54 mya
like lemurs... 40-50 mya
like lorises... 40-50 mya
30-45 mya... -Fayum, Egypt... -possible NWM fossil
Plesiadapiforms
early primates... Paleocene: 65-54 mya
Adapids
like lemurs... 40-50 mya
Primates and early humans
Eocene primates
Omomyids
Adapids
First anthropoids
-post orbital bar... -stereoscopic vision... -eyes forward... -nails... -…
-Eocene epoch... -100-300 grams... -leaper and quadruped... -2-1-3-3 d…
-eocene eopch... -2-3 kg... -arboreal quadrupeds... -2-1-4-3 dentition
-Oligocene epoch... -larger molars... -flatter faces... -larger brains…
Eocene primates
-post orbital bar... -stereoscopic vision... -eyes forward... -nails... -…
Omomyids
-Eocene epoch... -100-300 grams... -leaper and quadruped... -2-1-3-3 d…
16 terms
Time Periods and Early Primates
Pleistocene
Pliocene
Miocene
Oligocene
Rise of Homo
Development of hominins
Monkey and ape radiation
Early anthropoids
Pleistocene
Rise of Homo
Pliocene
Development of hominins
Early Primates -> Apes
Plesiadapiforms
Adapoids
Omomyoids
Apidium
Paleocene... North America... No postorbital bar... Small brain... claws…
Eocene... North America, Europe, Asia... quadrupedal ... elongated sno…
Eocene... North America, Europe, Asia... similar to tarsiers... short…
Oligocene... Haplorhine... fused mandibular symphysis... full postorbi…
Plesiadapiforms
Paleocene... North America... No postorbital bar... Small brain... claws…
Adapoids
Eocene... North America, Europe, Asia... quadrupedal ... elongated sno…
HUMAN EVOLUTION EARLY PRIMATES
Who were the first anthropoids/monkeys?
Origin to anthropoids are?
First monkeys ancestors are?
Ancestors of New World Monkeys are?
Who are the Oligocene?
Oligocene are origins of?
Oligocene are ancestors to?
Apidiums are ancestors to?
Who were the first anthropoids/monkeys?
Who are the Oligocene?
Origin to anthropoids are?
Oligocene are origins of?
Macroevolution and the Early Primates
The earth is _____ billion years old
Human and primate evolution spans the…
what is the name of the era of the hum…
What is Taphonomy?
4.5
65
Cenozoic Era
study of what happens to the remains of an animal from the ti…
The earth is _____ billion years old
4.5
Human and primate evolution spans the…
65
27 terms
Primates and Us- Early Experience
What is the term that refers to a care…
Chimpanzees have a shorter period for…
John Bowlby's idea that there is a bio…
Konrad Lorenz's idea of imprinting sta…
Alloparent
False
Theory of Attachment
Vision
What is the term that refers to a care…
Alloparent
Chimpanzees have a shorter period for…
False
12 terms
Early Primates and hominins
Purgatoris
Plesiadapiformes
Omomydae
Adapidae
Miocene. Rodent like proto primate.
Miocene proto primate that have no PO bar and no claws. Look…
Eocene. Family of true primates. Tarsiers come from this fami…
Eocene. Family of true primates. Lemurs and lorisoids com fro…
Purgatoris
Miocene. Rodent like proto primate.
Plesiadapiformes
Miocene proto primate that have no PO bar and no claws. Look…
Dates of early primates
Paleocene epoch
Eocene epoch
Anthropoids
Oligocene epoch
65-56 mya
56-33 mya
37 mya
33-23 mya
Paleocene epoch
65-56 mya
Eocene epoch
56-33 mya
The Primate Fossil Record: Early Primates Origins
Earth Forms
Life begins
origin of mammals
origin of primates
4.6 billion years ago
3.8 billion years ago
210 million years ago
65 million years ago
Earth Forms
4.6 billion years ago
Life begins
3.8 billion years ago
Early Primate Evolution
Ecocene Primates
Oligocene Primates
The Fayum
Apidium
From 56-33mya ago. More derived primate features than found i…
From 33-23mya. During this time, the old world (Africa and Eu…
Site where many old world anthropoids were discovered in Egypt
Genus discovered at the Fayum. Represented by several dozen j…
Ecocene Primates
From 56-33mya ago. More derived primate features than found i…
Oligocene Primates
From 33-23mya. During this time, the old world (Africa and Eu…
Early Primate Evolution
Primate Taxonomy-Old
Primate Taxonomy-New
Primate Characteristics (9)
Diurnal
- Prosimii - lemurs, lorises, galagoes, tarsiers... - Anthropoi…
- Strepsirhini (curved nose-slit) - lemurs, lorises, galgoes…
1. Generalized skeletons with arboreal (tree dwelling) adapta…
active in the daytime
Primate Taxonomy-Old
- Prosimii - lemurs, lorises, galagoes, tarsiers... - Anthropoi…
Primate Taxonomy-New
- Strepsirhini (curved nose-slit) - lemurs, lorises, galgoes…
early primate phylogony
Adapoids
Omomyoid
Altiatlasius
Teilardina
stem strepsirhine
stem haplorhine
euprimate
stem haplorhine
Adapoids
stem strepsirhine
Omomyoid
stem haplorhine
Early Primate Evolution
Paleocene
Eocene
Milocene
Pliocene
35 - 54 Million Years Ago
54 - 34 Million Years Ago
34 - 23 Million Years Ago
23 - 5.5 Million Years Ago
Paleocene
35 - 54 Million Years Ago
Eocene
54 - 34 Million Years Ago
Early Primate Evolution
Primate Taxonomy-Old
Primate Taxonomy-New
Primate Characteristics (9)
Diurnal
- Prosimii - lemurs, lorises, galagoes, tarsiers... - Anthropoi…
- Strepsirhini (curved nose-slit) - lemurs, lorises, galgoes…
1. Generalized skeletons with arboreal (tree dwelling) adapta…
active in the daytime
Primate Taxonomy-Old
- Prosimii - lemurs, lorises, galagoes, tarsiers... - Anthropoi…
Primate Taxonomy-New
- Strepsirhini (curved nose-slit) - lemurs, lorises, galgoes…
28 terms
Early Hominid and Primate Species
Plesiadapis
Adapoids
Darwinius
Omomyids
Paleocene 66-56 MYA North America
Eocene 56-34 MYA North America, Europe, Asia, Africa
Eocene 47 MYA Germany
Eocene 56-34 MYA North America, Europe, Asia, Africa
Plesiadapis
Paleocene 66-56 MYA North America
Adapoids
Eocene 56-34 MYA North America, Europe, Asia, Africa
Early Primate Evolution
Archonta
Cenozoic Epoch: Paleocene
Cenozoic Epoch: Eocene
Cenozoic Epoch: Oligocene
Extant organisms includes primate, plesiadapiformes, tree shr…
65-54 million yrs ago
54-34 million yrs ago
34-23 million yrs ago
Archonta
Extant organisms includes primate, plesiadapiformes, tree shr…
Cenozoic Epoch: Paleocene
65-54 million yrs ago
Primate Evolution and Early Hominids
Reptile to mammal intermediate
Pelycosaur fossils lacked ___________…
Where have Pelycosaur fossils been fou…
Anapsid skull has how many fenestra
Pelycosaurs
Lacked epidermal scales... Heterodont dentition... Hard palate
Europe, North America, Russia, and South Africa
No fenestra
Reptile to mammal intermediate
Pelycosaurs
Pelycosaur fossils lacked ___________…
Lacked epidermal scales... Heterodont dentition... Hard palate
89 terms
Early Primate Evolution
Eomaia
True or False... Tree shrews (Scandentia)…
Arboreal
Nocturnal
early placental 125 mya that is small and likely nocturnal
True
Animal that lives in the trees
Active during the night
Eomaia
early placental 125 mya that is small and likely nocturnal
True or False... Tree shrews (Scandentia)…
True
Early Primate Evolution (3b)
Eomaia?
Eomaia was what type of mammal?
_____ (Scandentia) are closely related…
What does arboreal stand for?
early placental mammal; small, likely nocturnal
Cretaceous
Tree shrews
living in trees
Eomaia?
early placental mammal; small, likely nocturnal
Eomaia was what type of mammal?
Cretaceous
Primate and Early Human Evolution
Foramen Magnum
Supraorbital Ridge
prognathism
Human Dental Formula
found underneath skull ... the place where brain and spinal cord…
Ridge on skull... more found on gorillas not homosapians
how far out the jaw extends
2123
Foramen Magnum
found underneath skull ... the place where brain and spinal cord…
Supraorbital Ridge
Ridge on skull... more found on gorillas not homosapians
16 terms
Anthro 111 - Primates --> early homo
Gibbons
Orangutan
Lowland and mountain gorilla
Chimpanzees
Pair bonding, joint territory defense, male-female pairs coop…
Suspensory, terrestrial knuckle-walking with limited bipedial…
Single dominant sexually dimorphic "silverback", female trans…
Omnivorous, arboreal/terrestrial foraging, knuckle-walking, l…
Gibbons
Pair bonding, joint territory defense, male-female pairs coop…
Orangutan
Suspensory, terrestrial knuckle-walking with limited bipedial…
20 terms
early primate forms
Euchonta
plesiadapiformes
Purgatorisis
Euprimates
suborder that includes tree shrews, flying lemurs, plesiadapi…
possibly archaic primates; very successful group with wide di…
oldest potential primate, from the Cretaceous (with dinosaurs…
first definitive primate--appear in earliest Eocene, 56 mya;…
Euchonta
suborder that includes tree shrews, flying lemurs, plesiadapi…
plesiadapiformes
possibly archaic primates; very successful group with wide di…
35 terms
Primate Evolution and Early Hominoids
pelycosaurs
skull fenetra
Therapsids
Therapsids
reptile to mammal intermediate... 308-260 mya... lack epidermal sca…
a small natural hole or opening, especially in a bone
mammal-like reptiles... 275-0 mya... changing from sprawling postur…
Feet were more symmetrical, with the first and last toes shor…
pelycosaurs
reptile to mammal intermediate... 308-260 mya... lack epidermal sca…
skull fenetra
a small natural hole or opening, especially in a bone
9 terms
Anthropology 001: Early Primates and Hominids
Plesiadapiforms
Darwinius massilae
Aegyptopithecus
Apidium
The earliest primates date to the... Paleocene (65-56 mya)... Large…
It comes from the Eocene Messel site in Germany,... dates to 47…
Potential ancestor of both hominoids and Old World monkeys.... L…
Under the Fayum family of anthropoids.... Is represented by seve…
Plesiadapiforms
The earliest primates date to the... Paleocene (65-56 mya)... Large…
Darwinius massilae
It comes from the Eocene Messel site in Germany,... dates to 47…
Early primates (Paleocene through Oligocene):
What do angiosperms and the extinction…
To whom are primates most closely rela…
Who are the plesiadapiforms?
What characteristics do they possess?
Mid-late mesozoic we see first flowering plants (angiosperms)…
Primates share an ancestor with dermopterans (skin wing anima…
order of mammals found in Montana, colorado and wyoming... - dat…
shrew size ... solitary quadrupeds... well-developed sense of smell…
What do angiosperms and the extinction…
Mid-late mesozoic we see first flowering plants (angiosperms)…
To whom are primates most closely rela…
Primates share an ancestor with dermopterans (skin wing anima…
27 terms
Anth 1210 early primates and hominins
Human species:... 1. Species (group of or…
Darwin inspired by his ___ observation…
Three natural selection principles: 1.…
T or F: Chimpanzees diverged the last…
Homo sapiens, Homo, Hominoidea, Primates
voyage, artificial, uniformitarianism, pop growth, embryology…
Variation, heritability, reproductive success, species
False, 4-6 mya, true
Human species:... 1. Species (group of or…
Homo sapiens, Homo, Hominoidea, Primates
Darwin inspired by his ___ observation…
voyage, artificial, uniformitarianism, pop growth, embryology…
13 terms
Evolution of Life to Mammals and Early Primates
k-t
permian triassic
origin of life
multicellular life forms
Layer between rocks of the Crestaceous Period and the rocks o…
About 250 mya. Biggest. Probably a comet or asteroid impact,…
3.5 bya
600 mya
k-t
Layer between rocks of the Crestaceous Period and the rocks o…
permian triassic
About 250 mya. Biggest. Probably a comet or asteroid impact,…
68 terms
Exam Three: Primates Early Fossils
When Ardipithecus and Australopithecus…
When Adapids split from omomyids
When Plesiadapiforms evolved
When apes dominated
Miocene
Eocene
Paleocene
Miocene
When Ardipithecus and Australopithecus…
Miocene
When Adapids split from omomyids
Eocene
Bio Anth: early primate evolution
Sivapithecus
Proconsul
Omomyids
Propliopithecidae
Miocene, Similar to orangutans except no suspensory adaptatio…
Miocene, similar to Hominos, sectorial complex and Y-5 , no t…
Eocene, Tarsier like, larger brains, forward and large eyes,…
Oligocene, Catarrhine like, post orbital closure, fused mandi…
Sivapithecus
Miocene, Similar to orangutans except no suspensory adaptatio…
Proconsul
Miocene, similar to Hominos, sectorial complex and Y-5 , no t…
17 terms
Early primates (Paleocene through Oligocene):
What do angiosperms and the extinction…
To whom are primates most closely rela…
To what supraorder and grand order do…
Who are the plesiadapiforms? What char…
angiosperms and the extinction of dinosaurs allowed for more…
Plesiadapiformes
euarchontoglires and euarchonta
Order of mammals found in Montana., Colorado, New Mexico, and…
What do angiosperms and the extinction…
angiosperms and the extinction of dinosaurs allowed for more…
To whom are primates most closely rela…
Plesiadapiformes
23 terms
Chapter 9 Early Primate Evolution
Paleocene (1st)
Eocene (2nd)
Oligocene (3nd)
Miocene (4th)
1st primates?... Proprimates
Euprimates... True primates... Prosimians
Anthropoid... Radiation
Hominoid (ape)... Radiation
Paleocene (1st)
1st primates?... Proprimates
Eocene (2nd)
Euprimates... True primates... Prosimians
15 terms
Fossil Primates and Early Hominins: Station 1
Cranial vault
Anterior pillars
Diastema
Innominate
how high the cranial shape is
has to do with the frequent use of canines
space between the upper canine and upper incisors... Humans do N…
the half of the pelvis... can be either side
Cranial vault
how high the cranial shape is
Anterior pillars
has to do with the frequent use of canines
Early Primate Evolution (class notes)
Absolute Dating
Relative Dating
Therapsids
Plesiadapids
Potassium-Argon dating... -radioactive isotope of potassium deca…
Biostratigraphy
Similar to earliest mammals; not quite primates ("proto-mamma…
(60-61 Ma)... -No nails (claws)... -No opposable big toe... -long inci…
Absolute Dating
Potassium-Argon dating... -radioactive isotope of potassium deca…
Relative Dating
Biostratigraphy
23 terms
Chapter 9 Early Primate Evolution
Paleocene (1st)
Eocene (2nd)
Oligocene (3nd)
Miocene (4th)
1st primates?... Proprimates
Euprimates... True primates... Prosimians
Anthropoid... Radiation
Hominoid (ape)... Radiation
Paleocene (1st)
1st primates?... Proprimates
Eocene (2nd)
Euprimates... True primates... Prosimians
EARLY PRIMATE FOSSIL ID's
Purgatorius
Archicebus achilles
Saadanius hijazensis
Kenyapithecus
NON-RODENT PLESIADAPID. 65 mya Paleocene, appearance: less sp…
TARSIER ARCHIE. 55 mya Eocene, oldest haplorhine fossil disco…
TUBE-EAR CAT. 28 mya Oligocene, fossil found right before est…
BUFF APE UNCLE? 14 mya Miocene. appearance: bigger molars + t…
Purgatorius
NON-RODENT PLESIADAPID. 65 mya Paleocene, appearance: less sp…
Archicebus achilles
TARSIER ARCHIE. 55 mya Eocene, oldest haplorhine fossil disco…
Lab 12 (Module 3): "Early Primates"
SelfTest12.1#1: Which of the following…
SelfTest12.1#2a: Which of the followin…
SelfTest12.1#2b: Which of the followin…
SelfTest12.1#2c: All of the Oligocene…
reduced snout size... postorbital bar... nails vs claws... opposabi…
Apidium... Parapithecus... Platyrrhines
Catarrhines... Aegyptopithecus
Platyrrhines
SelfTest12.1#1: Which of the following…
reduced snout size... postorbital bar... nails vs claws... opposabi…
SelfTest12.1#2a: Which of the followin…
Apidium... Parapithecus... Platyrrhines
13 terms
Ch. 7 Primate evolution: From early primates to hominoids
adapid 115
Aegyptopithecus 117
carpolestes 111
continental drift 112
A type of prosmn with many more like Bueter appeared in there…
...an Oligocene anthropoid and probably the best known propli…
Have an interesting mix of primate and nonprimate characteris…
One important reason for the very different climates of the p…
adapid 115
A type of prosmn with many more like Bueter appeared in there…
Aegyptopithecus 117
...an Oligocene anthropoid and probably the best known propli…
Cenozoic Eras & Early Primate Evolution
Paleocene
What species is associated with the Pa…
Plesiadapiformes
Eocene Era and its significance
65-54mya
Plesiadapiformes
Too specialized to be primates:... -No post-orbital bar... -Claws;…
55-34mya... First true primates evolved
Paleocene
65-54mya
What species is associated with the Pa…
Plesiadapiformes
49 terms
Chapter 7 - Primate Evolution: From Early Primates to Hominoids
Where do much of evidence for primate…
What can you tell about the skeleton o…
What can you tell about the skeleton o…
Describe locomotion with disproportion…
teeth and jaws... - no primate has more than two incisors in ea…
have front and back limbs of the same length, their limbs short
more adapted for speed so they have longer limbs and shorter…
more characteristic of vertical clingers and leapers and brac…
Where do much of evidence for primate…
teeth and jaws... - no primate has more than two incisors in ea…
What can you tell about the skeleton o…
have front and back limbs of the same length, their limbs short
28 terms
Anthro Exam 2 - primate origins, fossil primates, early hominins
Purgatorious
Plesiadapiformes
Adapoids
Omomyoids
65 Ma (Paleocene)... Earliest potential primate
60 Ma (Paleocene)
Eocene... Euprimate: earliest 'true' primate
Eocene... Euprimate: 'true' primate
Purgatorious
65 Ma (Paleocene)... Earliest potential primate
Plesiadapiformes
60 Ma (Paleocene)
20 terms
Early Anthropoids, New World Primates and Miocene Anthropoids
Late Middle Eocene
Early Anthropoids found in
Eosimias
Biretia
. Early Anthropoids 1st appeared to early Oligocene (finally…
China (suggests Asian origin) but also found in Africa (Biret…
"Dawn Monkey"... dates back to 42 m.y.a.... found in China ... -tarsal…
found in the Fayum Depression, Egypt ... 37 m.y.a. Late Eocene…
Late Middle Eocene
. Early Anthropoids 1st appeared to early Oligocene (finally…
Early Anthropoids found in
China (suggests Asian origin) but also found in Africa (Biret…
16 terms
anthro lab chapter 12 early primates
First eon with primates?
Eras within the phanerozoic eon?
First era with primates?
Epochs within cenozoic era?
phanerozoic eon
cenozoic era, mesozoic era, and paleozoic era
cenozoic era
paleocene, eocene, oligocene, miocene, pliocene, pleistocene,…
First eon with primates?
phanerozoic eon
Eras within the phanerozoic eon?
cenozoic era, mesozoic era, and paleozoic era
9 terms
Primate Evolution: Late Eocene - Early Oligocene
Anthropoids
Dental Formula of Platyrrhini vs. Cata…
? about Origins of Anthropoids
Characteristics of Late Eocene/Early O…
SUBORDER: Anthropoidea... INFRAORDERS: Platyrrhinni- NWM (flat n…
2:1:3:3 or 2:1:3:2 VS. 2:1:2:3
Phylogenetic position=> Relation in time with other mammals?…
Continued reduction of snout & nasal area... Fully enclosed eye…
Anthropoids
SUBORDER: Anthropoidea... INFRAORDERS: Platyrrhinni- NWM (flat n…
Dental Formula of Platyrrhini vs. Cata…
2:1:3:3 or 2:1:3:2 VS. 2:1:2:3
20 terms
EXAM3-Early Primate Evolution 1
7 Epochs of the Cenozoic
Cretaceous Mammals
Mammalian Radiation
Divergence Times
Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene, Miocene, Pliocene, Pleistocene,…
Eomaia, Colugo
-Most orders of mammals have their origin in the Paleocene ... -…
Genetic comparisons suggests primate origins within the Late…
7 Epochs of the Cenozoic
Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene, Miocene, Pliocene, Pleistocene,…
Cretaceous Mammals
Eomaia, Colugo
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