Study sets matching "primates"

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Study sets matching "primates"

Primates
Order
Suborder; lemurs, galagos, and lorises
Suborder; tarsiers and anthropoids
Infraorder; strepsirrhines; lorises an…
Primates
Strepsirrhini
Haplorrhini
Lorisiformes
Order
Primates
Suborder; lemurs, galagos, and lorises
Strepsirrhini
27 terms
Primates
Lemuriforms/Dwarf lemur
Lemuriform/Mouse lemur
Lemuriform/True Lemur
Lemuriforms/Indris
Distribution: Madagascar... Morphology: Pygmy mouse Lemur smalle…
Distribution: Madagascar... Morphology: Pygmy mouse Lemur smalle…
Distribution: Madagascar and the Comoros islands... Morphology:…
Distribution: Confined to Madagascar... Morphology: Adaptations…
Lemuriforms/Dwarf lemur
Distribution: Madagascar... Morphology: Pygmy mouse Lemur smalle…
Lemuriform/Mouse lemur
Distribution: Madagascar... Morphology: Pygmy mouse Lemur smalle…
45 terms
Primates
Morgan's Cannon
convergent evolution
analogous traits
homoplasy
simplest explanation of behavior is favored
acquisition of the same biological trait in unrelated lineage…
traits arising through convergent evolution (different struct…
similarity in species of different ancestry as a result of co…
Morgan's Cannon
simplest explanation of behavior is favored
convergent evolution
acquisition of the same biological trait in unrelated lineage…
28 terms
primates
Titi monkey... long
squirrel monkey... south america long prh…
capuchin monkeys... Found in south americ…
owl monkey... south america ... globeular eyes
Titi monkey... long
squirrel monkey... south america long prh…
24 terms
Primates
What is a primate
What are the General body plan
Emphasis on learning and social behavior
Elaboration of vision and neocortex
Generalized & Primative body plan... Emphhasis on Learning & Soc…
5 grasping digits opposable thumbs and toes... Enhanced touch na…
Single offspring ... Extended ontogeny (growth & development... Soc…
Enclose orbits... Forward facing eyes with the stereo scopic vis…
What is a primate
Generalized & Primative body plan... Emphhasis on Learning & Soc…
What are the General body plan
5 grasping digits opposable thumbs and toes... Enhanced touch na…
19 terms
Primates
Howler Monkey
Squirrel Monkey
Spider Monkey
Gorilla
Howler Monkey
Squirrel Monkey
Primates
Primates -> _____ & _____
Prosimians -> _____, _____ & _____
Anthropoids -> _____, _____ & _____
New World Monkeys -> _____, _____ & __…
Prosimians; Anthropoids
Lemurs; Lorises; Tarsiers
New World Monkeys; Old World Monkeys; Apes
Small; Cebid; Atelid
Primates -> _____ & _____
Prosimians; Anthropoids
Prosimians -> _____, _____ & _____
Lemurs; Lorises; Tarsiers
Primates
Guenon... Africa... trees
Talapoin... Africa... female dominant
Pata... Africa - ground... omnivorous
Vervet... Africa... zoonosis
Guenon... Africa... trees
Talapoin... Africa... female dominant
51 terms
Primates
Why study primates?
Homologous models
Analogous models
What is a Primate?
1. To learn about ourselves... 2. They have a lot in common with…
use animals with similar genes and relate them to humans.
Animals that currently live and live inn environment that res…
- Primates are animals (Kingdom—Animalia)... - Have spinal chord…
Why study primates?
1. To learn about ourselves... 2. They have a lot in common with…
Homologous models
use animals with similar genes and relate them to humans.
Primates
Lemur
Monkey
Orangutan
Gorilla
Lemur
Monkey
27 terms
Primates
Lemurs are not used in ___________ med…
Anthropoidea (simians) include lesser…
_________________ are the most common…
Chimpanzees are closely related to hum…
lab
apes
chimpanzees
molecular
Lemurs are not used in ___________ med…
lab
Anthropoidea (simians) include lesser…
apes
18 terms
Primates
endangered
orangutan
herbivorous
appearance
seriously at risk of extinction
large, long-armed ape with reddish-orange fur and a large, ro…
animal that eats plants
the way something looks
endangered
seriously at risk of extinction
orangutan
large, long-armed ape with reddish-orange fur and a large, ro…
10 terms
Primates
Hominoids
Cercopithecoids
Platyrrhines
Tarsius
Hominoids
Cercopithecoids
50 terms
Primates
Lorisidae
Lorisidae
Galagidae
Galagidae
Lorisidae
Lorisidae
7 terms
Primates
Epoch
Opposable
Primate
Hominids
next-smaller division of geological time after a period; is c…
can be placed against another digit of a hand or foot
group of mammals to which humans, monkeys, and apes belong
humanlike primates that lived 4 million to 6 million years ag…
Epoch
next-smaller division of geological time after a period; is c…
Opposable
can be placed against another digit of a hand or foot
10 terms
Primates
Primates
Gibbon
Baboon
Lemur
Primates
Gibbon
5 terms
Primates
Sahelanthropus tchadensis
Ardipithecus kadappa
Australopithecus afarensis
Australopithecus africanus
oldest direct line ancestor
...
(Lucy)
Sahelanthropus tchadensis
oldest direct line ancestor
Ardipithecus kadappa
...
29 terms
Primates
Primates
Binomial System
Orders
Phylum
An animal order including lemurs and tarsiers and monkeys and…
A system of naming living things using two Latin words - the…
In classification, the taxonomic category above family
Group of closely related classes
Primates
An animal order including lemurs and tarsiers and monkeys and…
Binomial System
A system of naming living things using two Latin words - the…
Primates
Inclusive Hierarchy
Taxon
Morphology
Homology
Going down each taxon, the classification for the species bec…
Species or group of species at any level in a taxonomic hiera…
Physical shape or size
Genetic inheritance from ancestor
Inclusive Hierarchy
Going down each taxon, the classification for the species bec…
Taxon
Species or group of species at any level in a taxonomic hiera…
Primates
Strepsirrhini
Lemuridae
Lorisidae
Galagidae
Primitive primates
Teeth: lower incisors comb-like and procumbent, sharp upper c…
Teeth: lower incisors procumbent and comb-like, sharp upper c…
Teeth: comb-like procumbent incisors, sharp upper canines... Sku…
Strepsirrhini
Primitive primates
Lemuridae
Teeth: lower incisors comb-like and procumbent, sharp upper c…
Primates
primates have five ___________ includi…
primates fingers
characteristics of eyes
primate characteristics
prehensile fingers ... pentadactyly
short fingernail on at least one finger rather than a claw ... t…
binocular,color vision ... forward facing eyes enclosed in bony…
two pectoral nipples ... relatively large brain... S- shaped spine…
primates have five ___________ includi…
prehensile fingers ... pentadactyly
primates fingers
short fingernail on at least one finger rather than a claw ... t…
7 terms
Primates
Galago (Bushbaby)
Galago (Bushbaby)
Slender Loris
Slender Loris
Subsaharan Africa
Subsaharan Africa
SE Asia
SE Asia
Galago (Bushbaby)
Subsaharan Africa
Galago (Bushbaby)
Subsaharan Africa
Primates
sumatran orangutans pongo abelii, live…
gorilla gorilla - terrestrial quadrupe…
common chimps pan troglodyes
bonobo chimps pan paniscus
sumatran orangutans
western lowland gorillas
terrestrial quadrupeds knuckle, babies every 8 years,
terrestrial quadrupeds, 99 percent dna shared with humans - k…
sumatran orangutans pongo abelii, live…
sumatran orangutans
gorilla gorilla - terrestrial quadrupe…
western lowland gorillas
Primates
How many pre-molars does sub-order Pro…
Name 2 characteristics that define sub…
What is the difference between infraor…
Cercopithecoidea are...?
3
Dry nose, Post orbital plate & bar, Y5 molars
Flat noses vs narrow noses with septum
Old world monkeys found in Africa & Asia
How many pre-molars does sub-order Pro…
3
Name 2 characteristics that define sub…
Dry nose, Post orbital plate & bar, Y5 molars
Primates
promismians
platyrrhine anthropoids
cebid monkeys
atelid monkey
-earliest primates... simplest primates... ex: bush babies, lemurs,…
flat nosed... new world monkeys of SA... good olfaction... only a few…
squirrel monkey, marmoset, tamarin, owl monkey
spider monkeys, howler, wooly... - have prehensile tail
promismians
-earliest primates... simplest primates... ex: bush babies, lemurs,…
platyrrhine anthropoids
flat nosed... new world monkeys of SA... good olfaction... only a few…
18 terms
Primates
petrosal bulla
life history
neocortex
extended ontogeny
-a tiny part of bone that covers the inner ear... -exclusive to…
the experience of all mammals from conception to death
-basis of cognitive ability... -has increased in volume througho…
...
petrosal bulla
-a tiny part of bone that covers the inner ear... -exclusive to…
life history
the experience of all mammals from conception to death
Primates
Suborder Strepsirrhini
Suborder Haplorrhini
Family Lemuridae
Family Lorisidae
primitive primates. includes families: Lemuridae, Lorisidae,…
higher primates. included families: Tarsiidae, Cebidae, Cerco…
lemurs. incisors small and peg like. rostrum reletively elong…
Lorises, pottos. lower incisors procumbent and peg like. skul…
Suborder Strepsirrhini
primitive primates. includes families: Lemuridae, Lorisidae,…
Suborder Haplorrhini
higher primates. included families: Tarsiidae, Cebidae, Cerco…
23 terms
Primates
Daubentonia (family)
Lemuroidea (SupFamily)
Cheirogaleidae (family)
Indriidae (family)
Aye-Aye
Cheirogaleidae, Indriidae, Lemuridae, Megaladapidae.
Mouse lemurs, dwarf lemurs, forked lemurs
Sifakas
Daubentonia (family)
Aye-Aye
Lemuroidea (SupFamily)
Cheirogaleidae, Indriidae, Lemuridae, Megaladapidae.
69 terms
PRIMATEs
Ancestral
Species
Adaptive radiation
Generalized Characteristics
Referring to characters inherited by a group of organisms fro…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
Evolution from a common ancestor of many species adapted to d…
Adapted to more than one way of life
Ancestral
Referring to characters inherited by a group of organisms fro…
Species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
21 terms
Primates
Gumnivores
Folivores
Frugivores
Insectivores
Primates that eat gum.... Large procumbent incisors... Stout canin…
Primates that eat primarily leaves and other vegetation.... Sma…
Primates that eat primarily fruit.... Large central incisors re…
Primates that eat insects.... Very high and pointed cusps with…
Gumnivores
Primates that eat gum.... Large procumbent incisors... Stout canin…
Folivores
Primates that eat primarily leaves and other vegetation.... Sma…
Primates
What species are included in the Prosi…
What species are included in the Anthr…
What are 7 characteristics of primates?
What does arboreal mean?
Lemurs, lorsies, bushbabies, and tarsiers
New World monkeys, Old World monkeys, apes, and humans.
1. Tropical or subtropical distribution... 2. Generalized limbs…
Tree-living, adapted to life in the trees
What species are included in the Prosi…
Lemurs, lorsies, bushbabies, and tarsiers
What species are included in the Anthr…
New World monkeys, Old World monkeys, apes, and humans.
Primates
Strepsirrhini characteristics
Strepsirrhini species
Haplorrhini- characteristics
Haplorrhini species
Wet nosed, has curved nose, 75% nocturnal, limited facial mov…
Promisians, lemurs, aye-ayes, glagos
Dry nose- simple nose
Apes, tarsiers and monkeys
Strepsirrhini characteristics
Wet nosed, has curved nose, 75% nocturnal, limited facial mov…
Strepsirrhini species
Promisians, lemurs, aye-ayes, glagos
14 terms
Primates
Chimpanzees
Arboreal Niche
Paleocene Epoch
Eocene Epoch
98.4% of Human DNA is the same as chimps, only 1.63% is apart…
trees; primates evolved in this; rodents (squirrels), bats, p…
65-55 mya; Palaechthon
55-34 mya; first true primates can be identified; prosimians…
Chimpanzees
98.4% of Human DNA is the same as chimps, only 1.63% is apart…
Arboreal Niche
trees; primates evolved in this; rodents (squirrels), bats, p…
55 terms
Primates
Charles Darwin
On the Origin of Species publication y…
Dr. Jane Goodall
What did the names Jane Goodall assign…
Provided very solid evidence for human's common ancestry with…
1859
She assigned chimps names instead of #'s
Matrilineal descent (mother's lineage)
Charles Darwin
Provided very solid evidence for human's common ancestry with…
On the Origin of Species publication y…
1859
32 terms
Primates
**Morphological changes during primate…
**Strepsirrhini vs Haplorhini
**Monkeys vs Apes
**How did social interactions shape th…
*Arboreal = forward facing eyes, Enlarged visual cortex, skel…
1. Strepsirrhini = lemurs, lorises and galagos ... - mostly rest…
- Monkeys = have tails, placement of scapula ... - Apes = don't…
- Problem set
**Morphological changes during primate…
*Arboreal = forward facing eyes, Enlarged visual cortex, skel…
**Strepsirrhini vs Haplorhini
1. Strepsirrhini = lemurs, lorises and galagos ... - mostly rest…
Primates
Prosimii and Anthropoidea
Platyrrhini and Catarrhini
Dental formula of Platyrrhini and Cata…
Ceboidea
two suborders of the order Primates
two infraorders of suborder Anthropoidea
2:1:3:3 or 2:1:2:3 (respectively)
one superfamily of Platyrrhini; New World Monkeys (South and…
Prosimii and Anthropoidea
two suborders of the order Primates
Platyrrhini and Catarrhini
two infraorders of suborder Anthropoidea
primates
ring-tailed lemur scientific
ring-tailed lemur
slow loris
horsfield's tarsier
lemur catta
ring-tailed lemur scientific
lemur catta
ring-tailed lemur
Primates
What is the only shared-derived trait…
it is more useful to discuss _________…
what are evolutionary trends among the…
what are the types of teeth all primat…
petrosal auditory bulla
evolutionary trends
-Generalized dentition... -emphasis on vision over olfaction... -sk…
incisors, canines, premolars, molars
What is the only shared-derived trait…
petrosal auditory bulla
it is more useful to discuss _________…
evolutionary trends
Primates
Sub Order: Strepsirhini ... Family: Lemur…
Sub Order: Strepsirhini... Family: Lemuri…
Sub Order: Haplorhini ... Infraorder: Pla…
Sub Order: Haplorhini ... Infraorder: Pla…
Ring-tailed Lemur
Variegated Lemur
Brown capuchin
Squirrel Monkey
Sub Order: Strepsirhini ... Family: Lemur…
Ring-tailed Lemur
Sub Order: Strepsirhini... Family: Lemuri…
Variegated Lemur
40 terms
Primates
Slow Loris, Slender Loris
Aye-Aye
Purpose of elongated Aye-Aye elongated…
Bush-Baby
Lorisidae
Daubentoniidae; elongated third digit; no canines; incisors c…
1. Tapping to find insects in bark... 2. As a dipstick to pull i…
Galagidae; mark paths in the trees with urine; have a tooth c…
Slow Loris, Slender Loris
Lorisidae
Aye-Aye
Daubentoniidae; elongated third digit; no canines; incisors c…
primates
lemur
tarsier
loris
capuchin
lemur
tarsier
Primates
Hylobates
Pongo
Gorilla
Pan Troglodytes
Gibbons
Orangutan
Gorilla
Chimpanzee
Hylobates
Gibbons
Pongo
Orangutan
48 terms
Primates
Primates
Strepsirrhini & Haplorhini
Strepsirrhini
Lemuriformes & Lorisiformes
Order: (1)
Semiorders: (2)
Strepsirrhini suborders (1)
Strepsirrhini Infraorders: (2)
Primates
Order: (1)
Strepsirrhini & Haplorhini
Semiorders: (2)
Primates
Primates
Binomial System
Orders
Phylum
An animal order including lemurs and tarsiers and monkeys and…
A system of naming living things using two Latin words - the…
In classification, the taxonomic category above family
Group of closely related classes
Primates
An animal order including lemurs and tarsiers and monkeys and…
Binomial System
A system of naming living things using two Latin words - the…
14 terms
Primates
Lemurs
Aye-aye
Lorises
Galagos and Patos
Sub order Strepsirhini ... Lemuridae
Sub order Strepsirhini ... Daubentoniidae
Sub Order Strepsirhini ... Loridae
Sub order Strepsirhini ... Galagonidae
Lemurs
Sub order Strepsirhini ... Lemuridae
Aye-aye
Sub order Strepsirhini ... Daubentoniidae
Primates
Homology
Synapomorphy
sympleisomorphy
anthropoids
Traits that are acquired through descent from a common ancestor
characteristics that are shared and derived
shared primitive characteristics
one of the two suborders of primates; includes monkeys, apes,…
Homology
Traits that are acquired through descent from a common ancestor
Synapomorphy
characteristics that are shared and derived
Primates
Primates
Hominids
Australopithecus
Homo habalis
features flattened face, big brains, stereoscopic vision (for…
humans and fossil ancestors
Big and small 3 million years ago (from Africa) ... Lucy the fos…
2 million years ago (from Africa) ... "handy man" ... first hominid…
Primates
features flattened face, big brains, stereoscopic vision (for…
Hominids
humans and fossil ancestors
Primates
Primates (Order) Facts
Features of primates (6)
Feature: Plantigrade Feet
Feature: Grasping digits
4th largest order of mammals... Great apes, humans... Over 250 spec…
Plantigrade Feet... Grasping digits... Shoulder anatomy... Binocular v…
- Mammals walk on tips (digigrade): primates on entire foot (…
- Primates have prehensibles (grabbing) digits... - Opposable th…
Primates (Order) Facts
4th largest order of mammals... Great apes, humans... Over 250 spec…
Features of primates (6)
Plantigrade Feet... Grasping digits... Shoulder anatomy... Binocular v…
Primates
Tarsier ... Tarsiidae
Gibbon ... Hylobatidae
baboon ... Papio
Lemur ... Lemuroidae
Tarsier ... Tarsiidae
Gibbon ... Hylobatidae
6 terms
Primates
Lemur
Loris
Tarsier
Platyrrhines
Strepsirhini (lesser monkeys)... Location: Madagascar... Char: diur…
Strepsirhini (lesser monkeys)... Location: Asia and Africa... Char:…
Haplorhines (Tarsiers + Anthropoids)... Location: Southeast Asia…
(New world monkey)... Anthropoids... Food: smaller - gum/insect; bi…
Lemur
Strepsirhini (lesser monkeys)... Location: Madagascar... Char: diur…
Loris
Strepsirhini (lesser monkeys)... Location: Asia and Africa... Char:…
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