Study sets matching "primates"

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Study sets matching "primates"

14 terms
Primates
Large brains, short jaws, forward look…
Prosimian
Prosimian
New world Anthropoid
Primate characteristics
Earliest primates to evolve, live in trees, don't look like t…
Lemur, bush baby, tarsiers, lorises
Prehensive tail for grasping(5th hand)
Large brains, short jaws, forward look…
Primate characteristics
Prosimian
Earliest primates to evolve, live in trees, don't look like t…
11 terms
Primates
Taxonomy/Classification
Species
Primates
4 types of Primates
classification/naming/grouping of organisms in an ordered sys…
group of related organisms that can interbreed and produce fe…
prosimians & anthropoids... complex behavior, varied forms of lo…
Prosimians, Old World Monkeys, New World Monkeys, & Apes
Taxonomy/Classification
classification/naming/grouping of organisms in an ordered sys…
Species
group of related organisms that can interbreed and produce fe…
Primates
Orangutans
Gorillas
Chimpanzee... Central africa
Bonobos... Central africa
Pongo pygmaeus, pongo abelii ... Sexual dimorphism/ arboreal/ fr…
Gorilla gorilla(mountain folivores), gorilla beringei(low lan…
Pan troglodytes ... Knuckle walking, brachiation, limited bipeda…
Pan paniscus, frugivores, occasional hunting, male-female bon…
Orangutans
Pongo pygmaeus, pongo abelii ... Sexual dimorphism/ arboreal/ fr…
Gorillas
Gorilla gorilla(mountain folivores), gorilla beringei(low lan…
Primates
suborder anthropoids
suborder prosimians
limbs and locomotion
dentition
belonging to primate suborder anthropoidea, includes: humans,…
lemurs, tarsiers, other called pre-monkeys
*big toe, grasping hands, sensitive fingertips, flat nails... *b…
human: (I.C.P.M) 2.1.2.3 ... *old world monkeys and apes as well
suborder anthropoids
belonging to primate suborder anthropoidea, includes: humans,…
suborder prosimians
lemurs, tarsiers, other called pre-monkeys
7 terms
Primates
Strepsirhini
Haplorhini
Platyrrhini (New World)
Catarrhini (Old World)
Prosimians: Lemuriformes, Lorisiformes
Anthropoids: Tarsiiformes, Platyrrhini, Catarrhini
Cebidae (capuchin, squirrel monkeys), Atelidae (howler and sp…
Cercopithecoidea (Old World monkeys), Hominoidea (apes and hu…
Strepsirhini
Prosimians: Lemuriformes, Lorisiformes
Haplorhini
Anthropoids: Tarsiiformes, Platyrrhini, Catarrhini
10 terms
Primates
Human Order
Human Suborder
Human Infraorder
Human Superfamily
Primates
Anthropoidea
Catarrhini
Hominoidea
Human Order
Primates
Human Suborder
Anthropoidea
Primates
Lemuroidea
Lorisoidea
Tarsioidea
Ceboidea (New World Monkeys)
examples: lemurs, Indriids, Aye Ayes... range: Madagascar... dental…
examples: lorises, galagos... range: Africa, SE Asia... dental: 2:1…
examples: tarsiers... range: SE Asia... dental: 2:1:3:3/1:1:3:3... die…
examples: marmosets/tamarins, owl monkeys, capuchins/squirrel…
Lemuroidea
examples: lemurs, Indriids, Aye Ayes... range: Madagascar... dental…
Lorisoidea
examples: lorises, galagos... range: Africa, SE Asia... dental: 2:1…
Primates
Prosimii
Tarsioidea
Anthropoidea
Strepsirrhini
pre-primates
link between pre-primates and true primates
true primates
wet nosed
Prosimii
pre-primates
Tarsioidea
link between pre-primates and true primates
58 terms
Primates
Primates
Primatology
Non-human primates
Arboreal adaptations
taxonomic order of a group of animals that includes human bei…
Why study primates?... 1. We share a close genetic connection (s…
Most have developed an arboreal lifestyle which means they li…
1. Enhanced touch... - Also found in humans... - Hands and feet cov…
Primates
taxonomic order of a group of animals that includes human bei…
Primatology
Why study primates?... 1. We share a close genetic connection (s…
Primates
Cenozoic Era
Prosimii
Anthropoidea
New world monkeys
Climate change... Dinosaur disappear... Mammals: ... -age eggs, insect…
lorises, lemurs, tarsiers
monkeys, apes, humans
arboreal, prehensile tails, 26 teeth, brachiation
Cenozoic Era
Climate change... Dinosaur disappear... Mammals: ... -age eggs, insect…
Prosimii
lorises, lemurs, tarsiers
9 terms
Primates
suborder Haplorrhini
infraorder Tarsiiformes Family tarsiidae
infraorder platyrrhini
family cebidae
Tarsiers monkeys and apes. short rostrums. less dependency on…
small. long naked tail. extremely large eyes. nocturnal but l…
new world primates. platyrrhine nostrils(flat nose) nostrils…
marmosets tamarins new world monkeys. small to medium sized.…
suborder Haplorrhini
Tarsiers monkeys and apes. short rostrums. less dependency on…
infraorder Tarsiiformes Family tarsiidae
small. long naked tail. extremely large eyes. nocturnal but l…
9 terms
Primates
Order of Primates Evolution
Ardipithecus ramidus
Australopithecus afarensis
Australopithecus africanus
1. Ardipithecus ramidus... 2. Australopithecus afarensis... 3. Aust…
first bipedal primate; long powerful arms not used to hold we…
left laetoli footprints (54); solidified ash; "Lucy" discovered
first australopithecine found in south Africa "Taung" baby
Order of Primates Evolution
1. Ardipithecus ramidus... 2. Australopithecus afarensis... 3. Aust…
Ardipithecus ramidus
first bipedal primate; long powerful arms not used to hold we…
Primates
Strepsirrhini
Haplorhini
Homology
Homoplasy
Lemurs, galagos and lorises of africa and asia
Tarsiers or SE Asia, anthropoids; monkeys, apes and humans
A shared trait that was present in a common ancestor
A shared trait that was not present in a common ancestor
Strepsirrhini
Lemurs, galagos and lorises of africa and asia
Haplorhini
Tarsiers or SE Asia, anthropoids; monkeys, apes and humans
19 terms
Primates
Order
Suborder
Infraorder
Parvorder
Primates (living)
Strepsirhini and haplorhini
Lemuriformes, Tarsiiformes, Anthropoidea
Platyrrhini and Catarrhini
Order
Primates (living)
Suborder
Strepsirhini and haplorhini
Primates
Anthropoid
Arboreal
Binocular vision
Diurnal
A higher primate, especially an ape or apeman. Closest human…
(Chiefly of animals) living in trees
Vision using two eyes with overlapping fields of view, allowi…
Of, or during the day
Anthropoid
A higher primate, especially an ape or apeman. Closest human…
Arboreal
(Chiefly of animals) living in trees
11 terms
primates
grasping hands & feet, flat nails, fin…
forward
child care, social beh
better vision, color, acuity, stereosc…
primate charas
what D do primates' eyes face
which social aspects to primates have
primate better eye charas
grasping hands & feet, flat nails, fin…
primate charas
forward
what D do primates' eyes face
Primates
(1) Suborder Strepsirrhini
(1) cheirogaleidae
(1) lemuridae
(1) lepilemuridae
Lemurs & lorisidae
Mouse/dwarf lemurs
Bamboo lemurs
Sportive lemurs
(1) Suborder Strepsirrhini
Lemurs & lorisidae
(1) cheirogaleidae
Mouse/dwarf lemurs
11 terms
Primates
Lemurs
New world
Old world
Orangutans
K
K
K
K
Lemurs
K
New world
K
11 terms
Primates
strepsirhines
haplorhines
anthropoids
prosimians
lemurs, lorises, galagos
tarsiers, nw monkeys, ow monkeys, apes
-old taxonomy... nw monkey, ow monk, apes
-old taxonomy ... lemurs, lorises, galagos, tarsiers
strepsirhines
lemurs, lorises, galagos
haplorhines
tarsiers, nw monkeys, ow monkeys, apes
54 terms
Primates
old world
new world
Primate Pattern
Prehensile
South Africa to Morocco
Uruguay to Mexico
1. Limbs and Locomotion... 2. Diet and Teeth... 3. The senses and t…
adapted for grasping or holding
old world
South Africa to Morocco
new world
Uruguay to Mexico
13 terms
Primates
characteristics of primates (know defi…
Strepsirrhines
Haplorhines
New World Monkeys
manual dexterity, senses, locomotion, complex brain & behavio…
large eyes & ears, nocturnal, lemurs
anthropoids, tarsiers monkeys, Old World Monkeys, & Hominoids
arboreal, most are diurnal & live together in social bands, d…
characteristics of primates (know defi…
manual dexterity, senses, locomotion, complex brain & behavio…
Strepsirrhines
large eyes & ears, nocturnal, lemurs
Primates
Primatology
Zoological Taxonomy
Homologies
Analogies
study of nonhuman primates; fossils and living; consisting of…
assessment of organisms to categories according to their rela…
similarities they jointly inherited from a common ancestor; a…
similarities between species resulting from adaptation to sim…
Primatology
study of nonhuman primates; fossils and living; consisting of…
Zoological Taxonomy
assessment of organisms to categories according to their rela…
Primates
primate
dental formula
prosimians (strepsirhines)
dental comb
reduced olfactory senses, reliance on sight, relatively large…
number of teeth in each side of the upper & lower jaw
LEMURS and LORISES, most primitive, longer snouts, eyes more…
forward projecting lower teeth, found in strepsirhines
primate
reduced olfactory senses, reliance on sight, relatively large…
dental formula
number of teeth in each side of the upper & lower jaw
primates
anthropoid
arboreal
binocular vision
diurnal vision
most human-like primate
live in trees/spend most of their time on trees
3D vision on same... plane no blind spots
up/active during the day
anthropoid
most human-like primate
arboreal
live in trees/spend most of their time on trees
18 terms
Primates
6 Placental Mammal Traits
Primate Traits
Sahelanthropus tchadensis
Orrorin tugenensis
1) Body hair... 2) Long gestation... 3) Mammary glands... 4) Different…
1) erect posture... 2) prehensile hands and feet... 3) 5 digits... 4)…
Pre-australopithecine... 6-7 mya... central africa
Pre-australopithecine... 6 mya... Kenya
6 Placental Mammal Traits
1) Body hair... 2) Long gestation... 3) Mammary glands... 4) Different…
Primate Traits
1) erect posture... 2) prehensile hands and feet... 3) 5 digits... 4)…
Primates
Madagascar
Tropical Africa and S. Asia
S.E. Asia
Worldwide Anthropoids
Lemurs
lorises, pottos
tarsiers
monkeys, laminids
Madagascar
Lemurs
Tropical Africa and S. Asia
lorises, pottos
Primates
Primates
Nocturnal
Diurnal
Crepuscular
Mammals, grasping hands & feet, collarbone, radius & ulna, fo…
Active at night
Active during the day
Active at dawn & dusk
Primates
Mammals, grasping hands & feet, collarbone, radius & ulna, fo…
Nocturnal
Active at night
10 terms
Primates
Prosimians
Anthropoids
Platyrrhines
Catterrhines
Lemurs, lorises, tarsiers
Monkeys, apes
New world money
Old world monkey, ape, human
Prosimians
Lemurs, lorises, tarsiers
Anthropoids
Monkeys, apes
17 terms
Primates
Cheirogaleids
Lemurids
Lepilemurids
Indriids
-500g... Nocturnal... Solitary... Insectivorous... 2-3 infants
+500g... Diurnal/ cathemeral... Social groups... Every diet except ins…
+500g... Nocturnal... Variable social structure... Folivorous... Autocopr…
+500g... Nocturnal/diurnal... Small groups... Frugivorous to folivorou…
Cheirogaleids
-500g... Nocturnal... Solitary... Insectivorous... 2-3 infants
Lemurids
+500g... Diurnal/ cathemeral... Social groups... Every diet except ins…
Primates
Prosiminans, Old world monkeys, New wo…
Strepserhini (=turned up nose)
Generalized skeleton with limbs and bo…
80% of primates live in the rain forests
The four major branches of the primate tree
All prosimians except tarsier and Haplorhini
General primate traits
Distribution
Prosiminans, Old world monkeys, New wo…
The four major branches of the primate tree
Strepserhini (=turned up nose)
All prosimians except tarsier and Haplorhini
26 terms
primates
palocene (purgatorius)
eocene
oligocene (aegyptopithecus)
miocene
proto-primates
earliest true primates
first true primates... 2133 dental... - ancestral to old world monk…
age of apes
palocene (purgatorius)
proto-primates
eocene
earliest true primates
91 terms
Primates
Mammalia
Paleozoic Era
Mesozoic Era
Earliest Mammals
warm blooded, suckle young
Rapid diversification,... 545-245 mya... Appearance of fish, amphib…
Age of reptiles, 245-65 mya... Placental mammals late in this era
Evolved from Therapsid Reptiles... Earliest ~200 mya... - mouse/shr…
Mammalia
warm blooded, suckle young
Paleozoic Era
Rapid diversification,... 545-245 mya... Appearance of fish, amphib…
15 terms
primates
Characteristics of Primates
two main groups of living primates
Prosimians
Prosimians
Flexible hands and/or feet... A large brain & short jaw... Forward-…
Prosimians... Anthropoids
The oldest living primate group... Current distribution is in As…
Includes lemurs, lorises, tarsiers
Characteristics of Primates
Flexible hands and/or feet... A large brain & short jaw... Forward-…
two main groups of living primates
Prosimians... Anthropoids
21 terms
primates
lemurs
binomial nomenclature
lorises, bushbaby, galago
tarsiers
promisii, only found in madagascar, most are quadropedal, liv…
1. kingdom: animalia... 2. phylum: chordata... 3. class: mammalia... 4…
southeast asia, africa, india, sri lanka, nocturnal, verticle…
islands of south east asia, nocturnal, mostly insects, vertic…
lemurs
promisii, only found in madagascar, most are quadropedal, liv…
binomial nomenclature
1. kingdom: animalia... 2. phylum: chordata... 3. class: mammalia... 4…
40 terms
Primates
Two types of primates
Kinds of prosimii
kinds of anthropoidea
Prosimian characteristics
1. prosimii 2. anthropoidea
1. lemurs 2. lorises 3. tarsiers (debated)
1. new world monkeys 2. old world moneys 3. apes & humans
1. larger snout 2. wet nose 3. scent glands 4. claws on some…
Two types of primates
1. prosimii 2. anthropoidea
Kinds of prosimii
1. lemurs 2. lorises 3. tarsiers (debated)
59 terms
Primates
Primatology
Terrestrial
Great apes
Taxonomy
the study of nonhuman primates—fossils and living apes, monke…
monkeys and apes: primates that live on the ground rather tha…
specifically chimpanzees and gorillas: most closely related t…
assignment of organisms to categories
Primatology
the study of nonhuman primates—fossils and living apes, monke…
Terrestrial
monkeys and apes: primates that live on the ground rather tha…
42 terms
Primates
Suborders of Primates
Families of Suborder Strepsirrhini
Families of Suborder Haplorrhini
Characteristics of Strepsirrhini
Strepsirrhini (prosimians (before apes)... Haplorrhini
7 families total... We are concerned with:... Lemuridae (lemurs)... In…
New World:... Tarsiidae (tarsiers)... Callitrichidae (marmosets & t…
Prosimians... All OW ... Many primitive characteristics... FUNCTIONALL…
Suborders of Primates
Strepsirrhini (prosimians (before apes)... Haplorrhini
Families of Suborder Strepsirrhini
7 families total... We are concerned with:... Lemuridae (lemurs)... In…
Primates
opposable
power grip
precision grip
preadaptation
Refers to primates' thumb, responsible for our grasping abili…
a fist like grip in which the finders and thumbs wrap around…
a precise grip in which the tips of the fingers and thumbs co…
the organism's use of an anatomical feature in a way unrelate…
opposable
Refers to primates' thumb, responsible for our grasping abili…
power grip
a fist like grip in which the finders and thumbs wrap around…
30 terms
Primates
Primates
Lemur
Prosimians... -(pre-monkey)... - Lemurs, Lor…
Loris
Divided into two suborders: Prosimians and Anthropoids
Madagascar and Comoros... Quadrupeds, but some move by vertical…
More closely resemble other mammals - more reliance on smell…
SE Asia and Sub-Sah Africa... Nocturnal and arboreal... Eat fruit,…
Primates
Divided into two suborders: Prosimians and Anthropoids
Lemur
Madagascar and Comoros... Quadrupeds, but some move by vertical…
14 terms
Primates
Paleocene
Eocene
Oligocene
Milocene
ancestors evolved from a arboreal niche
55-24 mya, the first true primates are identified, prosimians…
34-23 mya, split in Old World Monkeys and Apes
during this period chimps, bonobos, humans, apes have a commo…
Paleocene
ancestors evolved from a arboreal niche
Eocene
55-24 mya, the first true primates are identified, prosimians…
Primates
Primate
Trends in Modern Primates
One shared, derived character in all p…
Strepserhines
Diverse group of animals with certain features.
Limbs, locomotion, hands, feet, opposable thumb/big toe, nail…
Petrosal auditory bulla
Sub-order of primates: lemurs, lorises, galagos; tooth comb,…
Primate
Diverse group of animals with certain features.
Trends in Modern Primates
Limbs, locomotion, hands, feet, opposable thumb/big toe, nail…
61 terms
Primates
OWP
NWP
Anthropoideans
NWP # teeth
Old world; such as baboons, rhesus, cynomolgus, pig-tailed mo…
New world; squirrel monkey, marmosets, spider monkeys, marmos…
Also referred to as simians, which include great apes, lesser…
36
OWP
Old world; such as baboons, rhesus, cynomolgus, pig-tailed mo…
NWP
New world; squirrel monkey, marmosets, spider monkeys, marmos…
Primates
strepsirhini
haplorhini
strepsirhini
Daubentoniidae
tooth combs, wet naked noses, nostrils crescentric slits, pos…
spatulate incisors, nostrils ringed, dry hairy noses, postorb…
lemurs, galagos, lorises, bushbabies (Suborder)
aye-aye
strepsirhini
tooth combs, wet naked noses, nostrils crescentric slits, pos…
haplorhini
spatulate incisors, nostrils ringed, dry hairy noses, postorb…
6 terms
Primates
primatology
taxonomy
draw
matrilines
the study of the evolution, anatomy, adaptation, and social b…
classification of plants and animals; assignment of organisms…
primate taxonomy structure
primate groups that are organized around female relatives
primatology
the study of the evolution, anatomy, adaptation, and social b…
taxonomy
classification of plants and animals; assignment of organisms…
12 terms
Primates
Prosimians
Anthropoids
Platyrrhines
Cattarhines
more like mammals... lemurs, lorises, tarsiers
rounder skulls, flatter faces, mobile lips
New World Monkeys: arboreal, prehensile tails that can grasp
Old World Monkeys: arboreal and terrestrial, sexual dimorphis…
Prosimians
more like mammals... lemurs, lorises, tarsiers
Anthropoids
rounder skulls, flatter faces, mobile lips
14 terms
primates
cheirogaleus
cheirogaleus sibree (only lives in hig…
microcebus
microcebus berthae
dwarf lemur
sibree dwarf lemur
mouse lemur
mouse lemur worlds smallest primate (critically endangered)
cheirogaleus
dwarf lemur
cheirogaleus sibree (only lives in hig…
sibree dwarf lemur
Primates
Prosimians
Anthropoids
Platyrrhines
Callitrichidae
old world, primitive, small body, smaller brain, snouty, eyes…
higher primate
(Ceboids) new world monkeys, broad nose, 3 premolars, no ear…
Ceboid, marmosets tamarins, 1 kg, claws, twins frequent, poly…
Prosimians
old world, primitive, small body, smaller brain, snouty, eyes…
Anthropoids
higher primate
45 terms
primates
Strepsirhini
Haplorhini
Lemuroidea
Lorisoidea
-Lemuroidea... -Lorisoidea
-Tarisoidea... -Ceboidea... -Cercopithoidea... -Hominoidea
-Lemur... -Sifaka and Indri... -Aye-Aye
-Loris ... -Bushbaby
Strepsirhini
-Lemuroidea... -Lorisoidea
Haplorhini
-Tarisoidea... -Ceboidea... -Cercopithoidea... -Hominoidea
49 terms
Primates
4 categories of Primates?
primate features
2 types of Prosimian
lemurs
pro-simians, new world monkeys, old world monkeys, apes
*general skeletons... *arboreal... *stereoscopic vision... *fewer teet…
lemurs and loris
found in Madagascar. female dominate. ex: ring tailed lemurs
4 categories of Primates?
pro-simians, new world monkeys, old world monkeys, apes
primate features
*general skeletons... *arboreal... *stereoscopic vision... *fewer teet…
24 terms
Primates
primates
primatology
arboreal adaptation
dietary plasticity
An order of mammal that is characterized by having forward fa…
The study of primates.
A suite of physical traits that enable an organism to live in…
A diet's flexibility in adapting to a given environment.
primates
An order of mammal that is characterized by having forward fa…
primatology
The study of primates.
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