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Study sets matching "primates"

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Study sets matching "primates"

82 terms
Primates
opposable
power grip
precision grip
preadaptation
Refers to primates' thumb, responsible for our grasping abili…
a fist like grip in which the finders and thumbs wrap around…
a precise grip in which the tips of the fingers and thumbs co…
the organism's use of an anatomical feature in a way unrelate…
opposable
Refers to primates' thumb, responsible for our grasping abili…
power grip
a fist like grip in which the finders and thumbs wrap around…
16 terms
Primates
Lemurs, Lories, Galagos
Lorises, Galagos
Families of Lorises
Families of Galagos
Strepsirhines
Lorisoidea
Lorisidae
Galagonidae
Lemurs, Lories, Galagos
Strepsirhines
Lorises, Galagos
Lorisoidea
17 terms
Primates
Anthropomorphism
Taxonomy
Taxon
Morphology
Attribution of human characteristics to nonhuman animals
Biological classification of various kinds of organisms
Each species, as well as each group of related species, at an…
The physical shape and size of an organism or its body parts
Anthropomorphism
Attribution of human characteristics to nonhuman animals
Taxonomy
Biological classification of various kinds of organisms
primates
solitary groups
single male group (harems
multimale groups
communication
female live alone with children, males live totally alone
one male several females
several females several males
smell is for strephines,vocal for haplorhines
solitary groups
female live alone with children, males live totally alone
single male group (harems
one male several females
47 terms
Primates
Prosimian
Anthropoids
Wet-nosed
Dry Nosed
Strepsirrhini
Haplorrhini
Strepsirrhini
Haplorrhini
Prosimian
Strepsirrhini
Anthropoids
Haplorrhini
18 terms
Primates
Prosimii
Lemurs
Lorises
Tarsiers
"before monkeys", lemurs, lorises, and tarsiers; prosimians;…
Madagascar, lemur, indri, sifaka; many diurnal; fruit, gum, i…
Africa and SE Asia; lorises, galagos (bush babies), pottos; n…
SE Asia; nocturnal; insectivores; monogamous
Prosimii
"before monkeys", lemurs, lorises, and tarsiers; prosimians;…
Lemurs
Madagascar, lemur, indri, sifaka; many diurnal; fruit, gum, i…
30 terms
primates
Tarsiformes
Tarsier Morphology
Tarsier Behavior
Anthropoidea
Tarsiidae (Tarsier)
Small bodied, unfused mandible, grooming claw, no tooth comb,…
Nocturnal, arboreal, faunivorous, some monogamy, some multi-f…
Cattarhini, Cercopithicoidea, Hylobatidae, Hominidae
Tarsiformes
Tarsiidae (Tarsier)
Tarsier Morphology
Small bodied, unfused mandible, grooming claw, no tooth comb,…
34 terms
Primates
1. Arboreal existence
Hind limb structure
Generally omnivores
Five digits ( fingers) / hairless hand…
Rotafing forearm And freedom of movement allowed by clavicle…
Provides support to body ... 1/2 limb bone order ... 1 of the 9 phy…
1 of the 9 physical features of a primate
1 of the 9 physical features of a primate
1. Arboreal existence
Rotafing forearm And freedom of movement allowed by clavicle…
Hind limb structure
Provides support to body ... 1/2 limb bone order ... 1 of the 9 phy…
Primates
Homininae
Hylobatid
Pongid
Polygyny
Member of our own human family, past or present.
Member of the gibbon, or lesser ape, family.
One of the four great ape species: Gorilla, chimpanzee, bonob…
Mating system in which one man is allowed to take more than o…
Homininae
Member of our own human family, past or present.
Hylobatid
Member of the gibbon, or lesser ape, family.
31 terms
Primates
Primate Characteristics ... -Limbs and Lo…
A Tendency Towards an Erect Posture
A Generalized Limb Structure, which al…
Prehensile hands (and sometimes feet)
A Tendency Toward an Erect Posture, Generalized Limb Structur…
All Primates show this tendency to some degree, and it's asso…
Various aspects of hip and shoulder anatomy provide primates…
includes: retention of five digits on the hands and feet, an…
Primate Characteristics ... -Limbs and Lo…
A Tendency Toward an Erect Posture, Generalized Limb Structur…
A Tendency Towards an Erect Posture
All Primates show this tendency to some degree, and it's asso…
14 terms
Primates
Arboreal
Terrestrial
Bipedalism
Quadrupedalism
Live in trees
Live on the ground
Two legs
Four legs
Arboreal
Live in trees
Terrestrial
Live on the ground
12 terms
Primates
Tail
no tail
homonoid
hogopan
prosimians, old/new monkeys
homonoid
gibbons, orangutans, gorillas, chimpanzees, hominids
gorillas, chimpanzees, homonids
Tail
prosimians, old/new monkeys
no tail
homonoid
20 terms
Primates
2 suborders or Primates
Strepsirhini
Haplorhini
2 types of monkeys
strepsirhini and haplorhini
Lemurs... Lorises... Galagos (aka Bush Babies)
Tarsiers... Monkeys... apes
Old World Monkeys... New World Monkeys
2 suborders or Primates
strepsirhini and haplorhini
Strepsirhini
Lemurs... Lorises... Galagos (aka Bush Babies)
30 terms
primates
primates
primatology
arboreal adaption
dietary plasticity
taxonomical classification from Carolus Linnaeus. a diverse s…
study of non-human primates. we study primates because they h…
set of behaviors and anatomical characteristics enabling an o…
generalized diet. primates can eat a wide variety of food res…
primates
taxonomical classification from Carolus Linnaeus. a diverse s…
primatology
study of non-human primates. we study primates because they h…
primates
strepsirshine characteristics
lemurs
lorises
aye ayes
dental, long stout, moist nose, claw on second tow for groomi…
large diurnal forms with varied diet, small nocturnal form ar…
india,
in Madagascar, huge incisors no other teeth, very long middle…
strepsirshine characteristics
dental, long stout, moist nose, claw on second tow for groomi…
lemurs
large diurnal forms with varied diet, small nocturnal form ar…
24 terms
Primates
Strepsirrhines
Haplorrhines
Platyrrhines
Catarrhines
primates that are nocturnal with good smell, large eyes, and…
primates that are diurnal with large brains, longer lives, la…
comprising New World monkeys, marmomsets, and tamarins, havin…
comprising humans, anthropoid apes, and Old World monkeys, ha…
Strepsirrhines
primates that are nocturnal with good smell, large eyes, and…
Haplorrhines
primates that are diurnal with large brains, longer lives, la…
34 terms
Primates
Hamadryas Baboons
Hamadryas Baboons
Japanese Macaques
Japanese Macaques
The dominant males are the aggressors in a fight and they try…
These primates will fight over food and turf
Temperatures here can get below 5 degrees Fahrenheit
Snow monkeys
Hamadryas Baboons
The dominant males are the aggressors in a fight and they try…
Hamadryas Baboons
These primates will fight over food and turf
16 terms
primates
NEW WORLD MONKEYS
OLD WORLD MONKEYS
2-1-3-3 DENTAL FORMULA
2-1-2-3 DENTAL FORMULA
Platyrhines
Catarrhines
New world monkeys
Old world monkeys
NEW WORLD MONKEYS
Platyrhines
OLD WORLD MONKEYS
Catarrhines
17 terms
Primates
Defining traits
Primate intelligence
Why adaptive
Dental formulae
Opposable toe/thumb, perhensile hand (can grab things), nails…
Primates behave in several ways suggesting they have advanced…
2 hypothesis: to solve ecological problems (how do I get food…
In half of an upper and lower jaw (half because it's a mirror…
Defining traits
Opposable toe/thumb, perhensile hand (can grab things), nails…
Primate intelligence
Primates behave in several ways suggesting they have advanced…
11 terms
Primates
Characters
Prosimians
Loris
Bush babies
-Enhanced mobility of digits (thumb and big toe)... -Claws modif…
-generally small... -nocturnal ... -long snouted... -small brained... -we…
-loris, pottos, tarsiers ... -southeast Asia
-Africa
Characters
-Enhanced mobility of digits (thumb and big toe)... -Claws modif…
Prosimians
-generally small... -nocturnal ... -long snouted... -small brained... -we…
58 terms
Primates
Foramen Magnum
5 Kinds of Locomotion
Differences between big toes in humans…
Primates that have a tibiofibular
Repositioned at the base of the skull, head balanced on spine
1. Bipedalism... 2. Brachiation... 3. Vertical clinging/leaping... 4.…
Humans: big toe is enlarged, brought in line with the other t…
Lemurs and tarsiers
Foramen Magnum
Repositioned at the base of the skull, head balanced on spine
5 Kinds of Locomotion
1. Bipedalism... 2. Brachiation... 3. Vertical clinging/leaping... 4.…
8 terms
Primates
Opposable first digit
Binocular Vision
Diurnal
Nocturnal
A digit, either a thumb or a toe, hat is set apart from the o…
Overlapping fields of vision as a result of eyes located on t…
Organisms that are active during the day
Organisms that are active at night
Opposable first digit
A digit, either a thumb or a toe, hat is set apart from the o…
Binocular Vision
Overlapping fields of vision as a result of eyes located on t…
15 terms
Primates
Prosimians
Haplorrhines
Anthropoids
Lorisiformes
Strepsirrhines= wet nose... Lemurs, Lorises and Galagos, TARSIER…
Haplorrhine (dry nose)= tarsier and Anthropoids... -plate separa…
-Old and New World Monkeys... -Upper lip not directly attached t…
-belong to prosimians... -Nocturnal activity allowed survival... -i…
Prosimians
Strepsirrhines= wet nose... Lemurs, Lorises and Galagos, TARSIER…
Haplorrhines
Haplorrhine (dry nose)= tarsier and Anthropoids... -plate separa…
41 terms
primates
diurnal
nocturnal
arboreal
terrestrial
during the day
durning the night
tree climbers(suspension, quadrupedalism, leaping)
on ground(quadrupedal ism, bipedalism, knuckle walking)
diurnal
during the day
nocturnal
durning the night
68 terms
Primates
Learning (conditioning)
learning types
Before conditioning
During Conditioning
a change in behavior due to experience
- pavlovian/classical... - operant/intstrumental... -Observational/…
unconditioned stimulus (Food)--> unconditioned response(salvi…
tuning fork + food --> unconditioned response
Learning (conditioning)
a change in behavior due to experience
learning types
- pavlovian/classical... - operant/intstrumental... -Observational/…
15 terms
Primates
Physical
Life History
Behavioral
Monotremes
Generalized body plan... Grasping hands with opposable thumbs... Fl…
Extended juvenile period... Extended lifespan
Active during the day... Gregarious [social; Group living]
egg-laying mammals
Physical
Generalized body plan... Grasping hands with opposable thumbs... Fl…
Life History
Extended juvenile period... Extended lifespan
23 terms
Primates
Tupaiidae
Cynocephalidae
Lemuridae
Indriidae
Order: Scandentia... tree shrews, Tupaia
Order: Dermoptera... colugos (incisors with 4 combs), Cynocephalus
Order: Primates... lemurs, Lemur (6 tooth comb)
Order: Primates... Indri (4 tooth comb)
Tupaiidae
Order: Scandentia... tree shrews, Tupaia
Cynocephalidae
Order: Dermoptera... colugos (incisors with 4 combs), Cynocephalus
19 terms
Primates
the primates
derived character
species that share multiple derived ch…
primitive character
the great zoological order that includes people, apes, monkey…
one that arose recently in the evolution of a species or grou…
likely to share a recent common ancestor
one that arose early in the evolution of a species or group o…
the primates
the great zoological order that includes people, apes, monkey…
derived character
one that arose recently in the evolution of a species or grou…
10 terms
Primates
suborder anthropoids
suborder prosimians
limbs and locomotion
dentition
belonging to primate suborder anthropoidea, includes: humans,…
lemurs, tarsiers, other called pre-monkeys
*big toe, grasping hands, sensitive fingertips, flat nails... *b…
human: (I.C.P.M) 2.1.2.3 ... *old world monkeys and apes as well
suborder anthropoids
belonging to primate suborder anthropoidea, includes: humans,…
suborder prosimians
lemurs, tarsiers, other called pre-monkeys
15 terms
Primates
Primates are incredibly diverse
Taxonomy of Primate order
Evolutionary trends in primate order
1.limbs, SKeleton, locomotion
• there ar 234 species of primate today... • Mouse lemur about…
Taxonomy... • Primate classifications... ****PAGE 122, 123
1.limbs and locomotion... 2.diet and teeth... 3.senses and the br…
-Erect Posture... -Variety of locomotion (leaping)... -Generalized…
Primates are incredibly diverse
• there ar 234 species of primate today... • Mouse lemur about…
Taxonomy of Primate order
Taxonomy... • Primate classifications... ****PAGE 122, 123
68 terms
Primates
Strepsirrhini
Haplorhini
Homology
Homoplasy
Lemurs, galagos and lorises of africa and asia
Tarsiers or SE Asia, anthropoids; monkeys, apes and humans
A shared trait that was present in a common ancestor
A shared trait that was not present in a common ancestor
Strepsirrhini
Lemurs, galagos and lorises of africa and asia
Haplorhini
Tarsiers or SE Asia, anthropoids; monkeys, apes and humans
12 terms
Primates
Strepsirrhini
Lemuridae
Lorisidae
Galagidae
Lemuridae, Lorisidae, Galagidae, & Daubentoniidae
Lemurs (long rostrum)
Loris, Potto (ridges on skull)
Galago/ Bush babies (short rostrum)
Strepsirrhini
Lemuridae, Lorisidae, Galagidae, & Daubentoniidae
Lemuridae
Lemurs (long rostrum)
19 terms
Primates
Order
Suborder
Infraorder
Parvorder
Primates (living)
Strepsirhini and haplorhini
Lemuriformes, Tarsiiformes, Anthropoidea
Platyrrhini and Catarrhini
Order
Primates (living)
Suborder
Strepsirhini and haplorhini
11 terms
Primates
strepsirhines
haplorhines
anthropoids
prosimians
lemurs, lorises, galagos
tarsiers, nw monkeys, ow monkeys, apes
-old taxonomy... nw monkey, ow monk, apes
-old taxonomy ... lemurs, lorises, galagos, tarsiers
strepsirhines
lemurs, lorises, galagos
haplorhines
tarsiers, nw monkeys, ow monkeys, apes
68 terms
Primates
Suborder Strepsirrhini
Infraorder Lemuriformes
Superfamily Lorisoidea
Family Lorisidae
Wet-nosed primates
Lemur-ish animals
Lorises and galagos
Lorises
Suborder Strepsirrhini
Wet-nosed primates
Infraorder Lemuriformes
Lemur-ish animals
27 terms
Primates
Primatology
Zoological Taxonomy
Homologies
Analogies
study of nonhuman primates; fossils and living; consisting of…
assessment of organisms to categories according to their rela…
similarities they jointly inherited from a common ancestor; a…
similarities between species resulting from adaptation to sim…
Primatology
study of nonhuman primates; fossils and living; consisting of…
Zoological Taxonomy
assessment of organisms to categories according to their rela…
18 terms
Primates
6 Placental Mammal Traits
Primate Traits
Sahelanthropus tchadensis
Orrorin tugenensis
1) Body hair... 2) Long gestation... 3) Mammary glands... 4) Different…
1) erect posture... 2) prehensile hands and feet... 3) 5 digits... 4)…
Pre-australopithecine... 6-7 mya... central africa
Pre-australopithecine... 6 mya... Kenya
6 Placental Mammal Traits
1) Body hair... 2) Long gestation... 3) Mammary glands... 4) Different…
Primate Traits
1) erect posture... 2) prehensile hands and feet... 3) 5 digits... 4)…
18 terms
Primates
marsupial
monotremes
eutheria
strepsirhini
offspring born early & pouch
lay eggs but nurse young like other mammals
placental mammals
lemurs & lorises
marsupial
offspring born early & pouch
monotremes
lay eggs but nurse young like other mammals
10 terms
Primates
Prosimians
Anthropoids
Platyrrhines
Catterrhines
Lemurs, lorises, tarsiers
Monkeys, apes
New world money
Old world monkey, ape, human
Prosimians
Lemurs, lorises, tarsiers
Anthropoids
Monkeys, apes
30 terms
Primates
Prosiminans, Old world monkeys, New wo…
Strepserhini (=turned up nose)
Generalized skeleton with limbs and bo…
80% of primates live in the rain forests
The four major branches of the primate tree
All prosimians except tarsier and Haplorhini
General primate traits
Distribution
Prosiminans, Old world monkeys, New wo…
The four major branches of the primate tree
Strepserhini (=turned up nose)
All prosimians except tarsier and Haplorhini
19 terms
Primates
Primatology
Prehensile
Forward-Facing Eyes
Stereoscopic (3D) vision
The study of living and fossil primates
Grasping Hands/feet, , Capable of grasping or holding
____ for binocular vision allowing for depth perception. (Fea…
depth perception (Term)
Primatology
The study of living and fossil primates
Prehensile
Grasping Hands/feet, , Capable of grasping or holding
40 terms
Primates
Two types of primates
Kinds of prosimii
kinds of anthropoidea
Prosimian characteristics
1. prosimii 2. anthropoidea
1. lemurs 2. lorises 3. tarsiers (debated)
1. new world monkeys 2. old world moneys 3. apes & humans
1. larger snout 2. wet nose 3. scent glands 4. claws on some…
Two types of primates
1. prosimii 2. anthropoidea
Kinds of prosimii
1. lemurs 2. lorises 3. tarsiers (debated)
42 terms
Primates
Suborders of Primates
Families of Suborder Strepsirrhini
Families of Suborder Haplorrhini
Characteristics of Strepsirrhini
Strepsirrhini (prosimians (before apes)... Haplorrhini
7 families total... We are concerned with:... Lemuridae (lemurs)... In…
New World:... Tarsiidae (tarsiers)... Callitrichidae (marmosets & t…
Prosimians... All OW ... Many primitive characteristics... FUNCTIONALL…
Suborders of Primates
Strepsirrhini (prosimians (before apes)... Haplorrhini
Families of Suborder Strepsirrhini
7 families total... We are concerned with:... Lemuridae (lemurs)... In…
19 terms
Primates
Primates
Characteristics
Result of forward facing eyes
Trichromatic vision
closest living relatives
Forward facing eyes, reduced olfaction, several types of teet…
stereoscopic vision-focus-we can see 3D images-depth percepti…
the ability to see a full range of color
Primates
closest living relatives
Characteristics
Forward facing eyes, reduced olfaction, several types of teet…
26 terms
primates
tarsiers
Prosimii (prosimians)
molar and premolar
Platyrrhini
Rat-sized primates from some of the islands off Southeast Asi…
The primate suborder that includes the lemurs, lorises, and r…
The type of mammal teeth that are used primarily for grinding…
The infraorder of anthropoids that includes only the New Worl…
tarsiers
Rat-sized primates from some of the islands off Southeast Asi…
Prosimii (prosimians)
The primate suborder that includes the lemurs, lorises, and r…
13 terms
Primates
Tinbergen: Causation
Tinbergen: Development
Tinbergen: Function
Tinbergen: Evolution
The proximate causes of behavior such as hormones, genes, ner…
How it develops, or how it became a continuous behavior?
How the behavior gives the organism higher fitness.
What selective pressures force that function/behavior to be n…
Tinbergen: Causation
The proximate causes of behavior such as hormones, genes, ner…
Tinbergen: Development
How it develops, or how it became a continuous behavior?
12 terms
Primates
Prosimians
Anthropoids
Platyrrhines
Cattarhines
more like mammals... lemurs, lorises, tarsiers
rounder skulls, flatter faces, mobile lips
New World Monkeys: arboreal, prehensile tails that can grasp
Old World Monkeys: arboreal and terrestrial, sexual dimorphis…
Prosimians
more like mammals... lemurs, lorises, tarsiers
Anthropoids
rounder skulls, flatter faces, mobile lips
49 terms
Primates
4 categories of Primates?
primate features
2 types of Prosimian
lemurs
pro-simians, new world monkeys, old world monkeys, apes
*general skeletons... *arboreal... *stereoscopic vision... *fewer teet…
lemurs and loris
found in Madagascar. female dominate. ex: ring tailed lemurs
4 categories of Primates?
pro-simians, new world monkeys, old world monkeys, apes
primate features
*general skeletons... *arboreal... *stereoscopic vision... *fewer teet…
24 terms
Primates
primates
primatology
arboreal adaptation
dietary plasticity
An order of mammal that is characterized by having forward fa…
The study of primates.
A suite of physical traits that enable an organism to live in…
A diet's flexibility in adapting to a given environment.
primates
An order of mammal that is characterized by having forward fa…
primatology
The study of primates.
55 terms
Primates
Lemuroidea and Lorisoidea example spec…
Lemur, Indriid, Aye Aye range
Lorises and Galagos range
Lemuroidea and Lorisoidea dental formu…
Lemurs, Indriids, Aye Ayes + Lorises, Galagos
Madagascar
Lorises: SE Asia, Galagos: Africa
2:1:3:3/2:1:3:3 and dental comb
Lemuroidea and Lorisoidea example spec…
Lemurs, Indriids, Aye Ayes + Lorises, Galagos
Lemur, Indriid, Aye Aye range
Madagascar
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