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Study sets matching "principles of pharmacology"

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Study sets matching "principles of pharmacology"

20 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Pharmacology
MA Role in Pharmacology
Pharmacognosy
Pharmacodynamics
You will be expected to have a basic knowledge of medications…
the study of characteristics of natural drugs and their sources
The study of what drugs do to the body
Pharmacology
MA Role in Pharmacology
You will be expected to have a basic knowledge of medications…
Pharmacology Principles
Highly Protien bound drug
Chemical name
Generic name (nonproprietary name)
Trade name (proprietary name)
Protein binding can enhance or detract from a drug's performa…
Describes the drug's chemical composition and molecular struc…
Name given by the United States Adopted Names Council
The drug has a registered trademark; use of the name is rest…
Highly Protien bound drug
Protein binding can enhance or detract from a drug's performa…
Chemical name
Describes the drug's chemical composition and molecular struc…
18 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
pharmacokinetics
pharmacodynamics
absorption
distribution
Drug movement into, within, and out of the body
Drugs actions and their mechanisms
transfer of drug from site of administration to systemic circ…
transfer of drug from systemic circulation to tissues
pharmacokinetics
Drug movement into, within, and out of the body
pharmacodynamics
Drugs actions and their mechanisms
15 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
angina pectoris
bronchodilator
cirrhosis
colloidal
A spasmlike pain in the chest caused by myocardial anoxia.
A drug that relaxes contractions of the smooth muscle of the…
A chronic, degenerative disease of the liver that interferes…
Pertaining to a gluelike substance.
angina pectoris
A spasmlike pain in the chest caused by myocardial anoxia.
bronchodilator
A drug that relaxes contractions of the smooth muscle of the…
Principles of Pharmacology
drug absorption
active transport
additive effects
adverse reaction
entrance of a drug into the bloodstream from its site of admi…
Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
This can occur when two drugs with similar pharmacological ac…
undesirable drug effect
drug absorption
entrance of a drug into the bloodstream from its site of admi…
active transport
Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
43 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
side effects
adverse effects
pharmacokinetics
absorption, distribution, metabolism,…
What are predictable, but unintended effects of medication?
What are unexpected and undesirable effects that are harmful…
What is the term to describe how the drug moves through the b…
What are the 4 stages of pharmacokinetics?
side effects
What are predictable, but unintended effects of medication?
adverse effects
What are unexpected and undesirable effects that are harmful…
Principles of Pharmacology
Drug Definition
Most Prescribed Drug in US 2011 ... Top S…
4 Names for 1 Drug
History of Pharm
- substances intended for use in diagnosis, cure, mitigation,…
Hydrocodone for pain... Humira for Rhemuatoid arthritis / Psoria…
1. Trademark Name: i.e. Valium... 2. Generic Name: i.e. diazepam…
A) Middle Ages: medicinal plants... B) Age of Enlightenment (18t…
Drug Definition
- substances intended for use in diagnosis, cure, mitigation,…
Most Prescribed Drug in US 2011 ... Top S…
Hydrocodone for pain... Humira for Rhemuatoid arthritis / Psoria…
49 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Biomedical study of how drugs effect t…
Food and Drug Administration
Federal Trade Commission
FDA... FTC... DEA
Pharmacology
FDA
FTC
Regulatory Agencies
Biomedical study of how drugs effect t…
Pharmacology
Food and Drug Administration
FDA
40 terms
Pharmacology - Principles of Pharmacology (2)
passive diffusion, active diffusion
permeation
aqueous, lipid
endocytosis/exocytosis, special carriers
Permeation of a drug can be achieved via two different *mec…
A drug should be able to reach its intended site of action vi…
The two types of passive diffusion are:... 1. ________________…
The two types of active diffusion are:... 1. _________________…
passive diffusion, active diffusion
Permeation of a drug can be achieved via two different *mec…
permeation
A drug should be able to reach its intended site of action vi…
40 terms
PRINCIPLES OF PHARMACOLOGY
Drug Regulations
How long does it take to develop & app…
What are the 4 stages of Drug Approval?
3 Stages of Clinical Trials
Created to protect the public... Have become increasingly compl…
7-12 years and 4 stages
1: Pre-clinical investigation ... Produced, tested (basic resear…
Phase 1: 20-80 healthy individuals... Phase 2: Occurs if phase…
Drug Regulations
Created to protect the public... Have become increasingly compl…
How long does it take to develop & app…
7-12 years and 4 stages
11 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
PHARMACOKINETICS
PHARMACODYNAMICS
PHARMACOKINETICS
ABSORPTION
DRUG MOVEMENT INTO, WITHIN AND OUT OF THE BODY
DRUG ACTIONS AND THEIR MECHANISMS
ABSORPTION, DISTRIBUTION, ELIMINATION
TRANSFER OF DRUG FROM SITE OF ADMINISTRATION TO SYSTEMIC CIRC…
PHARMACOKINETICS
DRUG MOVEMENT INTO, WITHIN AND OUT OF THE BODY
PHARMACODYNAMICS
DRUG ACTIONS AND THEIR MECHANISMS
49 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Drug
Chemical Name
Generic Name
Trade Name
any chemical that affects the processes of a living organism;…
describes the drug's chemical structure
the official or nonproprietary name; name given by the ... US ad…
proprietary or registered trademark name
Drug
any chemical that affects the processes of a living organism;…
Chemical Name
describes the drug's chemical structure
69 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Drug
Chemical Name
Generic Name
Study of science of drugs
Chemical that affects the physiologic process of a living org…
describes the drugs chemical composition and molecular struct…
Name given by the US Adopted Names Council... Non proprietary name
Pharmacology
Study of science of drugs
Drug
Chemical that affects the physiologic process of a living org…
123 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Toxicology
Drugs
Pharmcotherapeutics
The study of substances that interact with living systems thr…
the branch of pharmacology that deals with undesirable effect…
substances used for therapeutic purposes
The study of drug uses and effects of drugs
Pharmacology
The study of substances that interact with living systems thr…
Toxicology
the branch of pharmacology that deals with undesirable effect…
91 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Potential causes of change in level of…
Treatment priorities are the same for…
Pharmacology can be challenging to mas…
Generic Name (nonproprietary name)
Cardiac arrhythmia, diabetic emergency, Seizure, toxic ingest…
Scene safety, airway, breathing, and circulation.
Specific actions, indications, dosages, adverse effects, and…
usually and abbreviated version of the drug's chemical name.…
Potential causes of change in level of…
Cardiac arrhythmia, diabetic emergency, Seizure, toxic ingest…
Treatment priorities are the same for…
Scene safety, airway, breathing, and circulation.
86 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Aboslute refractory period
Absorption
Acetylcholinesterase
Active Metabolite
The early phase of cardiac repolarization, wherein the heart…
The process by which the molecules of a substance are moved f…
An enzyme that breaks down acetylcholine
A medication that has undergone biotransformation and is able…
Aboslute refractory period
The early phase of cardiac repolarization, wherein the heart…
Absorption
The process by which the molecules of a substance are moved f…
108 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Drug definition (doctor)
Drug definition (biologist)
Drug Action
scientific study of the interactions between a living organis…
A chemical substance used in the treatment, cure, prevention,…
An exogenous chemical not necessary for normal cellular funct…
Molecular changes produced by a drug when it binds to a tar…
Pharmacology
scientific study of the interactions between a living organis…
Drug definition (doctor)
A chemical substance used in the treatment, cure, prevention,…
63 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
pharmacology
true
medication
pharmacodynamics
is the science of drugs, including their ingredients, prepara…
(true/false) The term drugs may make some people think of nar…
is a chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent dise…
is the process by which a medication works on the body
pharmacology
is the science of drugs, including their ingredients, prepara…
true
(true/false) The term drugs may make some people think of nar…
18 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Absorption
Distribution
Dosage
Dose
the movement of the drug from its site of administration into…
is a branch of pharmacokinetics which describes the reversibl…
the administration of a drug or agent in prescribed amounts a…
a specified quantity of a therapeutic agent, such as medicine…
Absorption
the movement of the drug from its site of administration into…
Distribution
is a branch of pharmacokinetics which describes the reversibl…
14 terms
Pharmacology Principles
Seniors (over 65) Comprise _____% of p…
Polypharmacy
T/F polypharmacy is the leading cause…
Drug misuse cost=
13% population... 33% (or 1/3) of Rx's --> common to have polyph…
The use of multiple drugs
T, mainly due to drug interactions
177 billion
Seniors (over 65) Comprise _____% of p…
13% population... 33% (or 1/3) of Rx's --> common to have polyph…
Polypharmacy
The use of multiple drugs
125 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
The actions of the body on drugs:
The actions of the drug on the body:
What is a ligand?
What are the 4 major classes of recept…
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacodynamic
Chemical signaling molecule for receptor (drugs, hormones, an…
Ligand-gated ion channels... Tyrosine-kinase linked receptors... Li…
The actions of the body on drugs:
Pharmacokinetics
The actions of the drug on the body:
Pharmacodynamic
76 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
pharmacology
medication
pharmacodynamics
agonist
the study of the properties and effects of medication
a chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease…
is the process by which a medication works on the body
a medication that causes stimulation of receptors
pharmacology
the study of the properties and effects of medication
medication
a chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease…
50 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Organic Drugs
Inorganic drugs
Chemical name
Generic name
When drugs are derived from living organisms such as plants o…
drugs that are made in the lab or extracted from inorganic co…
The atomic or molecular structure of the drug
The shorthand version of the drug's chemical name, structure…
Organic Drugs
When drugs are derived from living organisms such as plants o…
Inorganic drugs
drugs that are made in the lab or extracted from inorganic co…
16 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacodynamics
What are the 3 names that drug can have?
Bioequivalence
How the body handles the drug ... -how is it administered, absor…
Mechanism of Action... How does it lower BP? How does it decreas…
Chemical Name... Generic Name... --> can be marketed by this after…
-same amount of active ingredient... -same administration route…
Pharmacokinetics
How the body handles the drug ... -how is it administered, absor…
Pharmacodynamics
Mechanism of Action... How does it lower BP? How does it decreas…
64 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
What does AHFS stand for?
What does BNDD stand for?
What does DEA stand for?
What does FDA stand for?
American Hospital Formulary Service
Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs
Drug Enforcement Agency
Food and Drug Administration
What does AHFS stand for?
American Hospital Formulary Service
What does BNDD stand for?
Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs
10 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Schedule I
Schedule II
Schedule III
Schedule IV
no recongnized medical use. Highly abuse potential, research…
written presecritions required. No telephone renewals except…
prescriptions required to be rewritten after 6 months or five…
prescriptions required after 6 months or 5 refills... i.e. pent…
Schedule I
no recongnized medical use. Highly abuse potential, research…
Schedule II
written presecritions required. No telephone renewals except…
23 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Types of drug names
United States Pharmacopeia (USP)
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Pharmacokinetic Phase--what the body d…
Generic: non-proprietary, does not belong to a company (ex. N…
A scientific, nonprofit organization that sets federally reco…
Government agency that enforces the USP standards. Products a…
Absorption: into the blood... Distribution: movement of the drug…
Types of drug names
Generic: non-proprietary, does not belong to a company (ex. N…
United States Pharmacopeia (USP)
A scientific, nonprofit organization that sets federally reco…
principles of pharmacology
adverse drug reaction
importance of understanding pharmacology
reasons for ADR's
MedWatch
ADR stands for...
recognizing ADR's, optimum scheduling purposes, enhancing ben…
patient compliance issues, lack of education for prescribers,…
voluntary reporting of adverse events related to drugs or med…
adverse drug reaction
ADR stands for...
importance of understanding pharmacology
recognizing ADR's, optimum scheduling purposes, enhancing ben…
97 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
What is pharmacokinetics?
what is ADME
Magnitude of the pharmacological effec…
________ can determine suitability of…
what the body does to the drug (think ADME)
Absorption... Distribution... Metabolism... Elimination- metabolism an…
the concentration at the site of action
pharmacokinetics; ex- pt with renal or liver impairment
What is pharmacokinetics?
what the body does to the drug (think ADME)
what is ADME
Absorption... Distribution... Metabolism... Elimination- metabolism an…
36 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Chemical Name
Generic name
Trade name
Formulary
describes the drug's chemical composition and molecular struc…
name given by U.S. Adopted Names Council; non-proprietary nam…
proprietary name, brand name, commercial use is restricted to…
list of drugs available for routine use at a healthcare facil…
Chemical Name
describes the drug's chemical composition and molecular struc…
Generic name
name given by U.S. Adopted Names Council; non-proprietary nam…
52 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Pharmacotherapeutics
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacodynamics
Study of drugs
Therapeutic effect of drug
- Changes that occur to the DRUG while inside the body... - Move…
Effect of drug on the BODY
Pharmacology
Study of drugs
Pharmacotherapeutics
Therapeutic effect of drug
31 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Pharmacotherapeutics
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacodynamics
The study of drugs and their actions and effects on the body.
- Use of drugs for prevention and cure of disease: clinical m…
What the body does to drugs:... •Study of the fate of drugs duri…
What drugs do to the body:... •Study the mechanisms by which dru…
Pharmacology
The study of drugs and their actions and effects on the body.
Pharmacotherapeutics
- Use of drugs for prevention and cure of disease: clinical m…
75 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Drug
Chemical Name
Generic Name
Study or sciences of drugs
Any chemical that affects the physiologic processes of a livi…
Describes the drug's chemical composition and molecular struc…
Name given by the US Adopted Names Council; "non-proprietary…
Pharmacology
Study or sciences of drugs
Drug
Any chemical that affects the physiologic processes of a livi…
17 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Pharmacognosy
Pharmacodynamics
Pharmacokinetics
study of drugs
study of natural drugs
what the drug does to the body
what the body does to the drug
Pharmacology
study of drugs
Pharmacognosy
study of natural drugs
80 terms
Principles of pharmacology
aa
ac
ad lib
agit
Of each
Before meals
as desired
Shake, stir
aa
Of each
ac
Before meals
60 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Drug Approval Process
Preclinical phases
Clinical phases
After clinical phase..
Preclinical phases (2 phases)... -initial testing... -investigation…
1. initial testing: ... -in vitro/animal testing for activity an…
Phase 1: healthy volunteers (n<100)... -safety, tolerance, preli…
Submission of NDA (new drug application) to FDA... Post-marketi…
Drug Approval Process
Preclinical phases (2 phases)... -initial testing... -investigation…
Preclinical phases
1. initial testing: ... -in vitro/animal testing for activity an…
104 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Culture of safety
Pure food and drug act 1906
Food and drug cosmetic act 1938
The study of effects from drugs
Encompasses surrounding parties
Beginning point for laws yet still not concerned with safety…
Safety of food and drugs started after 100 people died from m…
Pharmacology
The study of effects from drugs
Culture of safety
Encompasses surrounding parties
39 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
chemical name
generic name
Trade name
USP
a description of the drug using chemical nomenclature
Assigned by the U.S. Adopted Names Council. Only one per drug…
names under which a drug is marketed by a drug company. there…
-United States Pharmacopeia... -sets standards for drug purity,…
chemical name
a description of the drug using chemical nomenclature
generic name
Assigned by the U.S. Adopted Names Council. Only one per drug…
76 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
pharmacology
medication
pharmacodynamics
agonist
the study of the properties and effects of medication
a chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease…
is the process by which a medication works on the body
a medication that causes stimulation of receptors
pharmacology
the study of the properties and effects of medication
medication
a chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease…
49 terms
Principles of pharmacology
Who originally discovered penicillin's…
Why are synthetic penicillins used ins…
What was chocolate known as to the azt…
What are the receptors of muscarine?
John Tyndall
penicillin is acid/alkali labile and is excreted rapidly in u…
xocoatl
muscarinic receptor
Who originally discovered penicillin's…
John Tyndall
Why are synthetic penicillins used ins…
penicillin is acid/alkali labile and is excreted rapidly in u…
87 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
absolute refractory period
Absorption
Acetylcholinesterase
Active metabolite
The early phase of caridac repolarization where the heart mus…
The process by which the molecules of a substance are moved f…
An enzyme that breaks down acetylcholine.
a medication that has undergone biotransformation and is able…
absolute refractory period
The early phase of caridac repolarization where the heart mus…
Absorption
The process by which the molecules of a substance are moved f…
Principles of Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacodynamics
Distribution depends on...
Processes by which a drug produces one or more measured physi…
"how the body affects a drug"... Relationship of drug's dose, c…
"how a drug affects the body"... Study of therapeutic and toxic…
organ perfusion, protein binding, and lipid solubility
Pharmacology
Processes by which a drug produces one or more measured physi…
Pharmacokinetics
"how the body affects a drug"... Relationship of drug's dose, c…
14 terms
Principles of pharmacology
What is a drug
What can be a drug name
What is a basic drug generally used fo…
What drug is not absorbed, but will st…
-Active ingredient of a medicine... -Any substance INTERACTING w…
1) chemical name... 2) generic name... 3) Trade name
Antacid
Bulk laxative
What is a drug
-Active ingredient of a medicine... -Any substance INTERACTING w…
What can be a drug name
1) chemical name... 2) generic name... 3) Trade name
108 terms
Principles of Pharmacology & Pharmacodynamics
Pharmacon =
Drugs
Receptors
Binding site
drug
molecules that interact with specific molecular components of…
macromolecules that, upon binding to a drug, mediate those…
The site on the receptor at which the drug binds
Pharmacon =
drug
Drugs
molecules that interact with specific molecular components of…
49 terms
The Principles of Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Drug
Pharmakon
What two names does a drug have?
The study of changes produced in living animals by chemical s…
A chemical agent that affects living things
this is the word pharmacology is derived from and it means ma…
Generic and brand name
Pharmacology
The study of changes produced in living animals by chemical s…
Drug
A chemical agent that affects living things
69 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Drug
Chemical Name
Generic Name
Study of science of drugs
Chemical that affects the physiologic process of a living org…
describes the drugs chemical composition and molecular struct…
Name given by the US Adopted Names Council... Non proprietary name
Pharmacology
Study of science of drugs
Drug
Chemical that affects the physiologic process of a living org…
107 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacodynamics
Drug
Study of drug actions on biological systems. Two main areas:…
The study of what the body does to drugs. It examines the mov…
The study of how drug affects the body
A chemical substance used in the prevention, diagnosis, allev…
Pharmacology
Study of drug actions on biological systems. Two main areas:…
Pharmacokinetics
The study of what the body does to drugs. It examines the mov…
40 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Drug
Pharmacotherapeutics
Pharmacokinetics
study of drugs
any substance that, when taken into a living organism, can mo…
use of specific drugs to prevent, treat, or diagnose a disease
how the body absorbs, distributes, and eliminates a drug
Pharmacology
study of drugs
Drug
any substance that, when taken into a living organism, can mo…
26 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
Absorption
Bioavailability
Bioequivalent drug
Biotransformation
process involving the movement of drug molecules from the sit…
the fraction of an administered dose that enters the systemic…
drug that shows no significant differences in the rate and ex…
process of drug metabolism in the body that transforms a drug…
Absorption
process involving the movement of drug molecules from the sit…
Bioavailability
the fraction of an administered dose that enters the systemic…
76 terms
Principles of Pharmacology
pharmacology
medication
pharmacodynamics
agonist
the study of the properties and effects of medication
a chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease…
is the process by which a medication works on the body
a medication that causes stimulation of receptors
pharmacology
the study of the properties and effects of medication
medication
a chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease…
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