Study sets matching "probability chapter 3 science"

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Study sets matching "probability chapter 3 science"

22 terms
Chapter 3 - Science/Pseudoscience and Stats/Probability
Confirmatory test
Distribution
Error bars
Ethics
An experiment designed to simply support the tenants of the o…
The way that in which the data points spread out over all pos…
A line through a data point on a plot indicating the standard…
A part of philosophy that deals with questions that surround…
Confirmatory test
An experiment designed to simply support the tenants of the o…
Distribution
The way that in which the data points spread out over all pos…
14 terms
Chapter 3: Probability
Event
Experiment
Probability
Sample Space (U)
an outcome from an experiment
the process by which we obtain an outcome
the chance of an event occurring using a number between 0 and 1
a list of all possible outcomes
Event
an outcome from an experiment
Experiment
the process by which we obtain an outcome
12 terms
Chapter 3- Probability
Theoretical probability
Sample space
Expectation probability
Experimental probability
a list of possible outcomes
E(A) = nP(A)... - number of trials multiplied by the probability…
or 'relative frequency'
Theoretical probability
Sample space
a list of possible outcomes
Chapter 3: Probability
compliment rule
addition rule
multiplication rule
conditional probability
P(A^c) = 1 - P(A)
P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B)
P(A and B) = P(A) x P(B|A)
P(A|B) = P(A and B) / P(B)... *condition goes on the bottom
compliment rule
P(A^c) = 1 - P(A)
addition rule
P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B)
10 terms
Chapter 3 - Probability
Sample Space
3.4) Bayes' Theorem
3.6) Mutually Exclusive
3.5) Independent & Dependent Events
Set of all possible outcomes
Two events are mutually exclusive if they cannot both occur.…
The occurrence of one event has no impact on the other events…
Sample Space
Set of all possible outcomes
3.4) Bayes' Theorem
15 terms
Chapter 3- Probability
Probability Experiment
Outcome
Sample Space
Event
an action, or trial, through which specific results are obtai…
the result of a single trial
the set of all possible outcomes
a subset of the sample space; may consist of one or more outc…
Probability Experiment
an action, or trial, through which specific results are obtai…
Outcome
the result of a single trial
31 terms
Chapter 3 (Probability)
experiment
outcome
no
sample point
an activity with observable results
the result of the experiment
Can the outcome pre predicted with certainty? ... -think: tossin…
outcome of an experiment
experiment
an activity with observable results
outcome
the result of the experiment
15 terms
Chapter 3- Probability
Probability Experiment
Outcome
Sample Space
Event
an action, or trial, through which specific results are obtai…
the result of a single trial
the set of all possible outcomes
a subset of the sample space; may consist of one or more outc…
Probability Experiment
an action, or trial, through which specific results are obtai…
Outcome
the result of a single trial
Science- Chapter 3 Section 2- Probability and Genetics
Probability
Punnett square
Phenotype
Genotype
The likelihood that a particular event will occur.
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
An organism physical appearance, or visible traits
An organism genetic makeup, or allele combinations
Probability
The likelihood that a particular event will occur.
Punnett square
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
Grade 7 Science - Chapter 3 Probability and Heredity DMS
probability
Punnett square
phenotype
genotype
A number that describes how likely it is that an event will…
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles…
An organism's physical appearance or physical traits... Exampl…
An organism's genetic makeup or allele combinations... Example…
probability
A number that describes how likely it is that an event will…
Punnett square
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles…
Chapter 3 Statistics Probability
Experiment
Sample Point
Sample Space
Event
process of making an observation that leads to a single outco…
the most basic outcome of an experiment
the collection of all its sample points
is a specific collection of sample points.
Experiment
process of making an observation that leads to a single outco…
Sample Point
the most basic outcome of an experiment
11 terms
Probability and Statistics Chapter 3
Bernoulli
Binomial
Poisson
Geometric
Counts the probability of a single trial (parameter p)
Counts the probability of x successes in n trials (parameters…
Used for large Binomials, special cases (parameter λ)
Number of trials x until first success (parameter p)
Bernoulli
Counts the probability of a single trial (parameter p)
Binomial
Counts the probability of x successes in n trials (parameters…
12 terms
Chapter 3 Lesson 2 Science - Probability and Genetics
What is probability?
Why is there a 1 in 2 probability that…
What was Mendel the first scientist of?
What is a Punnett square?
The likelihood that a particular event will occur.
Because it has an equal chance of landing on heads or landing…
he was the first scientist to recognize that the principles o…
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
What is probability?
The likelihood that a particular event will occur.
Why is there a 1 in 2 probability that…
Because it has an equal chance of landing on heads or landing…
17 terms
Grade 7 Science Probability and Heredity - Chapter 3-1 & 3-2
probability
Punnett square
phenotype
genotype
A number that describes how likely it is that an event will o…
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
probability
A number that describes how likely it is that an event will o…
Punnett square
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
Chapter 3: Probability
Experiment
Sample point
Sample space
Event
An act or process of observation that leads to a single outco…
The most basic outcome of an experiment
The part of an experiment where there is a collection of all…
A specific collection of sample points.
Experiment
An act or process of observation that leads to a single outco…
Sample point
The most basic outcome of an experiment
6 terms
Chapter 3: Probability
Probability Theory
Probability
Mutually Exclusive
Basic Probability
...
-The relative frequency of the favored outcomes in the popula…
Outcomes that cannot occur at the same time.
p= # favored outcomes... -----------------------------... # of po…
Probability Theory
...
Probability
-The relative frequency of the favored outcomes in the popula…
Chapter 3: Probability
Bernoulli Trial
Binomial Distribution
Binomial Random Variable
Cumulative Distribution Function-Discr…
Sequences of independent trials with only two outcomes, gener…
A trial that has only two possible outcomes with the probabil…
A discrete random variable that equals the number of successe…
For a random variable X, the function X defined as P(X_<x) th…
Bernoulli Trial
Sequences of independent trials with only two outcomes, gener…
Binomial Distribution
A trial that has only two possible outcomes with the probabil…
7 terms
Chapter 3: Probability
Experiment
Sample Point
Sample Space
Event
An act or process of observation that leads to a single outco…
The most basic outcome of an experiment
the collection of all the sample points from an experiment
A specific collection of sample points
Experiment
An act or process of observation that leads to a single outco…
Sample Point
The most basic outcome of an experiment
14 terms
Chapter 3: Probability
Probability
Personal or Subjective Probability
Long Term Relative Frequency
Basket Model
always between 0 and 1
P(A) = the degree to which a given individual believes that t…
P(A)= proportion of times A occurs if a random experiment (ci…
P(A)= proportion of balls in the basket that have an A on them.
Probability
always between 0 and 1
Personal or Subjective Probability
P(A) = the degree to which a given individual believes that t…
Chapter 3 probability
Random Experiment
Sample Space
Sample point
Event
is an observable activity whose outcome ... can not be predicted…
is the set of all basic outcomes of a random experiment
are the elements of the sample space
is any subset of basic outcomes of a random experiment
Random Experiment
is an observable activity whose outcome ... can not be predicted…
Sample Space
is the set of all basic outcomes of a random experiment
Probability and Statistics Chapter 3
Measure of Central Tendency
mean
median
mode
An average (see Mean, Median, and/or Mode)
Average
A measure of center in a set of numerical data. The median of…
Most occurring number
Measure of Central Tendency
An average (see Mean, Median, and/or Mode)
mean
Average
14 terms
Chapter 3 - Probability (3.1)
Probability Experiment
Outcome
Sample Space
Event
an action, or trial, through which specific results (counts,…
the result of a single trial in a probability experiment
the set of all possible outcomes
a subset of the sample sample
Probability Experiment
an action, or trial, through which specific results (counts,…
Outcome
the result of a single trial in a probability experiment
24 terms
Probability Chapter 3
Find the probability:... P(E)=p(1st draw…
Find the probability:... P(E)=P(3rd Draw…
Find the probability: **multiple event…
Find the probability:... P(E)=P(1st draw…
10 marbles... 4 blue... 3 gold... 2 black... 1 white... **** no replacement…
10 marbles... 4 blue... 3 gold... 2 black... 1 white... **** no replacement…
10 marbles... 4 blue... 3 gold... 2 black... 1 white... **** no replacement…
10 marbles... 4 blue... 3 gold... 2 black... 1 white... **** no replacement…
Find the probability:... P(E)=p(1st draw…
10 marbles... 4 blue... 3 gold... 2 black... 1 white... **** no replacement…
Find the probability:... P(E)=P(3rd Draw…
10 marbles... 4 blue... 3 gold... 2 black... 1 white... **** no replacement…
20 terms
Chapter 3 Probability
probability experiment
outcome
sample space
event
an action or trial through which specific results are obtained
the result of a single trial in a probability experiment
the set of all possible outcomes of a probability experiment
a subset of the sample space
probability experiment
an action or trial through which specific results are obtained
outcome
the result of a single trial in a probability experiment
15 terms
Statistics Chapter 3 - Probability
Probability Experiment
Outcome
Sample Space
Event
An action, or trial, through which specific results are obtai…
The result of a single trial (Example: {3})
The set of all possible outcomes of a probability experiment.…
Subset of the sample space. It may consist of one or more out…
Probability Experiment
An action, or trial, through which specific results are obtai…
Outcome
The result of a single trial (Example: {3})
Statistics Chapter 3 Probability
experiment
sample point
sample space
probability rules
is an action that produces an unpredictable result.
is the result of a single run of an experiment
is a list of all possible sample points
1. all probabilities lie between 0 and 1... 2. the sum of the pr…
experiment
is an action that produces an unpredictable result.
sample point
is the result of a single run of an experiment
20 terms
Probability & Statistics Chapter 3
mode
median
mean
resistant measure
most
middle
average of the data (add all and divide)
not influenced by high or low data
mode
most
median
middle
Probability & Statistics Vocab - Chapter 3
Mode
Median
Mean
Resistant measure
The value that occurs most frequently in a given data set.
the middle value of a set of data values
A measure of center in a set of numerical data, computed by a…
one that is not influenced by extremely high or low data values
Mode
The value that occurs most frequently in a given data set.
Median
the middle value of a set of data values
10 terms
Statistics Chapter 3 - Probability
Probability Experiment
Outcome
Sample Space
Event
An action, or trial, through which specific results are obtai…
The result of a single trial
The set of all possible outcomes of a probability experiment.
Subset of the sample space. It may consist of one or more out…
Probability Experiment
An action, or trial, through which specific results are obtai…
Outcome
The result of a single trial
Statistics and Probability - Chapter 3
P^th percentile
Standardized value, Z Score
Standardized Value Equation
Normal Curves
value with p percent of observations less than or equal to
how many standard deviations from the mean the original obser…
z = x - mean / standard deviation
Symmetric, bell-shaped curves; mean at center; standard devia…
P^th percentile
value with p percent of observations less than or equal to
Standardized value, Z Score
how many standard deviations from the mean the original obser…
27 terms
Chapter 3: Probability and Distributions
probability
subjective probability
objective probability
random experiments with one object
↳ likelihood that event will occur ... ↳ something we encounter…
↳ figures that indicate an individual's belief that an event…
↳ distinguish empirical probability and theoretical probabili…
↳ ie. throw one die many times where each throw is independen…
probability
↳ likelihood that event will occur ... ↳ something we encounter…
subjective probability
↳ figures that indicate an individual's belief that an event…
Chapter 3 Probability and Statistics
Mode
Median
Mean
Resistant Measure
The highest amount of values.
The middle of the values
All the values added together then divided by how many there…
is one that is not influenced by extremely high or low data v…
Mode
The highest amount of values.
Median
The middle of the values
11 terms
Probability and Statistics: Chapter 3
Mean
Mode
Median
Sample Mean
An average of a set of numbers.
The number/numbers that occur the most often.
The number that is in the middle when data is arranged from l…
The mean of a set of sample values.
Mean
An average of a set of numbers.
Mode
The number/numbers that occur the most often.
15 terms
Probability and Statistics Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Average
Mode
Median
Mean
One number that is used to describe the entire sample or popu…
The value that occurs most frequently.
The central value of an ordered distribution.
An average that uses the exact value of each entry. To comput…
Average
One number that is used to describe the entire sample or popu…
Mode
The value that occurs most frequently.
Probability and Statistics Chapter 3
Probability experiment
outcome
sample space
tree diagram
an action, or trial, through which specific results (counts,…
A possible result of a probability experiment
A set of all possible outcomes or events in an experiment tha…
A diagram used to show the total number of possible outcomes
Probability experiment
an action, or trial, through which specific results (counts,…
outcome
A possible result of a probability experiment
Chapter 3 Probability
Sample Space
Propability
Conditional
Independent
All Possibly outcomes
P(Not E)= 1-P(E)
P(B/A)= P(A &B) divided by P(A)
P(A & B)=P(A) P(B)
Sample Space
All Possibly outcomes
Propability
P(Not E)= 1-P(E)
12 terms
Probability and Statistics Chapter 3
Classical Probability
Empirical Probability
Complement of event E
Conditional Probability
When each outcome in a sample space is equally likely to occu…
Based on observations obtained from probability experiments…
The set of all outcomes in a sample space that are not includ…
The probability of an event occurring, given that another eve…
Classical Probability
When each outcome in a sample space is equally likely to occu…
Empirical Probability
Based on observations obtained from probability experiments…
48 terms
Chapter 3 Probability
Inferential Statistics
Probability
Experiment
Sample Point
Inferring information about the population by using the sample.
Inferring information about the sample using the population.
Process of observation that leads to a single outcome that ca…
A single outcome of an experiment. Ex: 4
Inferential Statistics
Inferring information about the population by using the sample.
Probability
Inferring information about the sample using the population.
11 terms
Probability and Statistic Chapter 3
Measures of center
Measures of variation
Median
Mode
mean, median, mode, midrange
range, standard deviation, variance
must be in order
repeated
Measures of center
mean, median, mode, midrange
Measures of variation
range, standard deviation, variance
Chapter 3 Vocabulary (Statistics & Probability)
Sum
Difference
Product
Quotient
The answer to an addition problem
The answer to a subtraction problem
The answer to a multiplication problem
The answer to a division problem
Sum
The answer to an addition problem
Difference
The answer to a subtraction problem
29 terms
Chapter 3: Probability
Event
Outcome
Sample space (S)
Probability experiment
is a subset of the sample space. It may consist of one or mor…
The result of a single trial in a probability experiment.
List of all outcomes that result from an experiment.
is an action, or trial, through which specific results (count…
Event
is a subset of the sample space. It may consist of one or mor…
Outcome
The result of a single trial in a probability experiment.
24 terms
Probability and Stats Chapter 3
Random Variable
Bernoulli Random Variable
Discrete Random Variable
Continuous Random Variable
Associates each outcome in the sample space with a real number
Any random variable whose only possible values are 0 and 1
-Possible outcomes can be written in a list... -Finite=Choose 25…
1: The set of possible values is a continuum (intervals, unio…
Random Variable
Associates each outcome in the sample space with a real number
Bernoulli Random Variable
Any random variable whose only possible values are 0 and 1
17 terms
Grade 7 Science Probability and Heredity - Chapter 3-1 & 3-2
probability
Punnett square
phenotype
genotype
A number that describes how likely it is that an event will o…
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
probability
A number that describes how likely it is that an event will o…
Punnett square
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
25 terms
Science Probability and heredity chapter 3 lessons 1 and 2
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Fertilization
The passing of physical characteristics from parents to offsp…
A specific characteristic, such as stem height or seed color
The scientific study of heredity
The process when a new organism begins to form from egg and s…
Heredity
The passing of physical characteristics from parents to offsp…
Trait
A specific characteristic, such as stem height or seed color
Probability & Statistics - Chapter 3
Statistic
Parameter
Mean
Median
A characteristic or measure obtained by using the data values…
A characteristic or measure obtained by using all the data va…
The sum of the values, divided by the total number of value.
The midpoint of a data array.
Statistic
A characteristic or measure obtained by using the data values…
Parameter
A characteristic or measure obtained by using all the data va…
19 terms
CHAPTER 3: Counting & Probability
Random Experiment
Sample Space
Probability Assignment
Probability Space
An action which has more than one possible outcome and whose…
The set of all possible outcomes --> {.....}
Consists of assigning a number to each outcome such that each…
Consists of a sample space together with a probability assign…
Random Experiment
An action which has more than one possible outcome and whose…
Sample Space
The set of all possible outcomes --> {.....}
Stats Chapter 3- Probability
permutations
combinations
mutually exclusive
simple probability
Order matterss* (order makes a new group).
Order doesn't matterr* (order doesn't make a new group)
Events can't occur at the same time.... • Don't double count…
• Probability of an event occurring.... • Represented by a numbe…
permutations
Order matterss* (order makes a new group).
combinations
Order doesn't matterr* (order doesn't make a new group)
7 terms
PCK: 7th Grade Science "Probability and Heredity" (Chapter 3 Section 2)
Probability
Punnett Square
Phenotype
Genotype
A number that describes how likely it is that an event will o…
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
an organism's physical appearance, or visible traits
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations
Probability
A number that describes how likely it is that an event will o…
Punnett Square
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
Chapter 3:Continuous Probability Distributions
PDF
CDF
Uniform Distribution
Normal Distribution
probability density function... the curve f(x) that results fro…
cumulative distribution function ... F(x)... gives cumulative pro…
equally likely outcomes over their range of possible values…
symmetric bell shaped curve centered at µ... N(µ,σ)
PDF
probability density function... the curve f(x) that results fro…
CDF
cumulative distribution function ... F(x)... gives cumulative pro…
Chapter 3: Probability and Statistics
Mode
Median
Mean
Resistant Measures
The value or property that occurs most frequently in the data.
Central Value of an ordered distribution.
An average that uses the exact value of each entry.
One that is not influenced by extremely high or low data valu…
Mode
The value or property that occurs most frequently in the data.
Median
Central Value of an ordered distribution.
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