#### Study sets matching "probability chapter 3 science"

#### Study sets matching "probability chapter 3 science"

Confirmatory test

Distribution

Error bars

Ethics

An experiment designed to simply support the tenants of the o…

The way that in which the data points spread out over all pos…

A line through a data point on a plot indicating the standard…

A part of philosophy that deals with questions that surround…

Confirmatory test

An experiment designed to simply support the tenants of the o…

Distribution

The way that in which the data points spread out over all pos…

Event

Experiment

Probability

Sample Space (U)

an outcome from an experiment

the process by which we obtain an outcome

the chance of an event occurring using a number between 0 and 1

a list of all possible outcomes

Event

an outcome from an experiment

Experiment

the process by which we obtain an outcome

compliment rule

addition rule

multiplication rule

conditional probability

P(A^c) = 1 - P(A)

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B)

P(A and B) = P(A) x P(B|A)

P(A|B) = P(A and B) / P(B)... *condition goes on the bottom

compliment rule

P(A^c) = 1 - P(A)

addition rule

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B)

Sample Space

3.4) Bayes' Theorem

3.6) Mutually Exclusive

3.5) Independent & Dependent Events

Set of all possible outcomes

Two events are mutually exclusive if they cannot both occur.…

The occurrence of one event has no impact on the other events…

Sample Space

Set of all possible outcomes

3.4) Bayes' Theorem

Probability Experiment

Outcome

Sample Space

Event

an action, or trial, through which specific results are obtai…

the result of a single trial

the set of all possible outcomes

a subset of the sample space; may consist of one or more outc…

Probability Experiment

an action, or trial, through which specific results are obtai…

Outcome

the result of a single trial

Probability Experiment

Outcome

Sample Space

Event

an action, or trial, through which specific results are obtai…

the result of a single trial

the set of all possible outcomes

a subset of the sample space; may consist of one or more outc…

Probability Experiment

an action, or trial, through which specific results are obtai…

Outcome

the result of a single trial

Probability

Punnett square

Phenotype

Genotype

The likelihood that a particular event will occur.

A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…

An organism physical appearance, or visible traits

An organism genetic makeup, or allele combinations

Probability

The likelihood that a particular event will occur.

Punnett square

A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…

probability

Punnett square

phenotype

genotype

A number that describes

**how likely**it is that an event will…A

**chart**that shows all the possible combinations of alleles…An organism's

**physical appearance**or physical traits... Exampl…An organism's

**genetic makeup**or allele combinations... Example…probability

A number that describes

**how likely**it is that an event will…Punnett square

A

**chart**that shows all the possible combinations of alleles…Experiment

Sample Point

Sample Space

Event

process of making an observation that leads to a single outco…

the most basic outcome of an experiment

the collection of all its sample points

is a specific collection of sample points.

Experiment

process of making an observation that leads to a single outco…

Sample Point

the most basic outcome of an experiment

Bernoulli

Binomial

Poisson

Geometric

Counts the probability of a single trial (parameter p)

Counts the probability of x successes in n trials (parameters…

Used for large Binomials, special cases (parameter λ)

Number of trials x until first success (parameter p)

Bernoulli

Counts the probability of a single trial (parameter p)

Binomial

Counts the probability of x successes in n trials (parameters…

What is probability?

Why is there a 1 in 2 probability that…

What was Mendel the first scientist of?

What is a Punnett square?

The likelihood that a particular event will occur.

Because it has an equal chance of landing on heads or landing…

he was the first scientist to recognize that the principles o…

A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…

What is probability?

The likelihood that a particular event will occur.

Why is there a 1 in 2 probability that…

Because it has an equal chance of landing on heads or landing…

probability

Punnett square

phenotype

genotype

A number that describes how likely it is that an event will o…

A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…

An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.

An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.

probability

A number that describes how likely it is that an event will o…

Punnett square

A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…

Experiment

Sample point

Sample space

Event

An act or process of observation that leads to a single outco…

The most basic outcome of an experiment

The part of an experiment where there is a collection of all…

A specific collection of sample points.

Experiment

An act or process of observation that leads to a single outco…

Sample point

The most basic outcome of an experiment

Probability Theory

Probability

Mutually Exclusive

Basic Probability

...

-The relative frequency of the favored outcomes in the popula…

Outcomes that cannot occur at the same time.

p= # favored outcomes... -----------------------------... # of po…

Probability Theory

...

Probability

-The relative frequency of the favored outcomes in the popula…

Bernoulli Trial

Binomial Distribution

Binomial Random Variable

Cumulative Distribution Function-Discr…

Sequences of independent trials with only two outcomes, gener…

A trial that has only two possible outcomes with the probabil…

A discrete random variable that equals the number of successe…

For a random variable X, the function X defined as P(X_<x) th…

Bernoulli Trial

Sequences of independent trials with only two outcomes, gener…

Binomial Distribution

A trial that has only two possible outcomes with the probabil…

Experiment

Sample Point

Sample Space

Event

An act or process of observation that leads to a single outco…

The most basic outcome of an experiment

the collection of all the sample points from an experiment

A specific collection of sample points

Experiment

An act or process of observation that leads to a single outco…

Sample Point

The most basic outcome of an experiment

Probability

Personal or Subjective Probability

Long Term Relative Frequency

Basket Model

always between 0 and 1

P(A) = the degree to which a given individual believes that t…

P(A)= proportion of times A occurs if a random experiment (ci…

P(A)= proportion of balls in the basket that have an A on them.

Probability

always between 0 and 1

Personal or Subjective Probability

P(A) = the degree to which a given individual believes that t…

Random Experiment

Sample Space

Sample point

Event

is an observable activity whose outcome ... can not be predicted…

is the set of all basic outcomes of a random experiment

are the elements of the sample space

is any subset of basic outcomes of a random experiment

Random Experiment

is an observable activity whose outcome ... can not be predicted…

Sample Space

is the set of all basic outcomes of a random experiment

Probability Experiment

Outcome

Sample Space

Event

an action, or trial, through which specific results (counts,…

the result of a single trial in a probability experiment

the set of all possible outcomes

a subset of the sample sample

Probability Experiment

an action, or trial, through which specific results (counts,…

Outcome

the result of a single trial in a probability experiment

Find the probability:... P(E)=p(1st draw…

Find the probability:... P(E)=P(3rd Draw…

Find the probability: **multiple event…

Find the probability:... P(E)=P(1st draw…

10 marbles... 4 blue... 3 gold... 2 black... 1 white... **** no replacement…

10 marbles... 4 blue... 3 gold... 2 black... 1 white... **** no replacement…

10 marbles... 4 blue... 3 gold... 2 black... 1 white... **** no replacement…

10 marbles... 4 blue... 3 gold... 2 black... 1 white... **** no replacement…

Find the probability:... P(E)=p(1st draw…

10 marbles... 4 blue... 3 gold... 2 black... 1 white... **** no replacement…

Find the probability:... P(E)=P(3rd Draw…

10 marbles... 4 blue... 3 gold... 2 black... 1 white... **** no replacement…

probability experiment

outcome

sample space

event

an action or trial through which specific results are obtained

the result of a single trial in a probability experiment

the set of all possible outcomes of a probability experiment

a subset of the sample space

probability experiment

an action or trial through which specific results are obtained

outcome

the result of a single trial in a probability experiment

Probability Experiment

Outcome

Sample Space

Event

An action, or trial, through which specific results are obtai…

The result of a single trial (Example: {3})

The set of all possible outcomes of a probability experiment.…

Subset of the sample space. It may consist of one or more out…

Probability Experiment

An action, or trial, through which specific results are obtai…

Outcome

The result of a single trial (Example: {3})

experiment

sample point

sample space

probability rules

is an action that produces an unpredictable result.

is the result of a single run of an experiment

is a list of all possible sample points

1. all probabilities lie between 0 and 1... 2. the sum of the pr…

experiment

is an action that produces an unpredictable result.

sample point

is the result of a single run of an experiment

Mode

Median

Mean

Resistant measure

The value that occurs most frequently in a given data set.

the middle value of a set of data values

A measure of center in a set of numerical data, computed by a…

one that is not influenced by extremely high or low data values

Mode

The value that occurs most frequently in a given data set.

Median

the middle value of a set of data values

Probability Experiment

Outcome

Sample Space

Event

An action, or trial, through which specific results are obtai…

The result of a single trial

The set of all possible outcomes of a probability experiment.

Subset of the sample space. It may consist of one or more out…

Probability Experiment

An action, or trial, through which specific results are obtai…

Outcome

The result of a single trial

P^th percentile

Standardized value, Z Score

Standardized Value Equation

Normal Curves

value with p percent of observations less than or equal to

how many standard deviations from the mean the original obser…

z = x - mean / standard deviation

Symmetric, bell-shaped curves; mean at center; standard devia…

P^th percentile

value with p percent of observations less than or equal to

Standardized value, Z Score

how many standard deviations from the mean the original obser…

probability

subjective probability

objective probability

random experiments with one object

↳ likelihood that event will occur ... ↳ something we encounter…

↳ figures that indicate an individual's belief that an event…

↳ distinguish empirical probability and theoretical probabili…

↳ ie. throw one die many times where each throw is independen…

probability

↳ likelihood that event will occur ... ↳ something we encounter…

subjective probability

↳ figures that indicate an individual's belief that an event…

Mode

Median

Mean

Resistant Measure

The highest amount of values.

The middle of the values

All the values added together then divided by how many there…

is one that is not influenced by extremely high or low data v…

Mode

The highest amount of values.

Median

The middle of the values

Mean

Mode

Median

Sample Mean

An average of a set of numbers.

The number/numbers that occur the most often.

The number that is in the middle when data is arranged from l…

The mean of a set of sample values.

Mean

An average of a set of numbers.

Mode

The number/numbers that occur the most often.

Average

Mode

Median

Mean

One number that is used to describe the entire sample or popu…

The value that occurs most frequently.

The central value of an ordered distribution.

An average that uses the exact value of each entry. To comput…

Average

One number that is used to describe the entire sample or popu…

Mode

The value that occurs most frequently.

Probability experiment

outcome

sample space

tree diagram

an action, or trial, through which specific results (counts,…

A possible result of a probability experiment

A set of all possible outcomes or events in an experiment tha…

A diagram used to show the total number of possible outcomes

Probability experiment

an action, or trial, through which specific results (counts,…

outcome

A possible result of a probability experiment

Classical Probability

Empirical Probability

Complement of event E

Conditional Probability

When each outcome in a sample space is equally likely to occu…

Based on observations obtained from probability experiments…

The set of all outcomes in a sample space that are not includ…

The probability of an event occurring, given that another eve…

Classical Probability

When each outcome in a sample space is equally likely to occu…

Empirical Probability

Based on observations obtained from probability experiments…

Inferential Statistics

Probability

Experiment

Sample Point

Inferring information about the population by using the sample.

Inferring information about the sample using the population.

Process of observation that leads to a single outcome that ca…

A single outcome of an experiment. Ex: 4

Inferential Statistics

Inferring information about the population by using the sample.

Probability

Inferring information about the sample using the population.

Event

Outcome

Sample space (S)

Probability experiment

is a subset of the sample space. It may consist of one or mor…

The result of a single trial in a probability experiment.

List of all outcomes that result from an experiment.

is an action, or trial, through which specific results (count…

Event

is a subset of the sample space. It may consist of one or mor…

Outcome

The result of a single trial in a probability experiment.

Random Variable

Bernoulli Random Variable

Discrete Random Variable

Continuous Random Variable

Associates each outcome in the sample space with a real number

Any random variable whose only possible values are 0 and 1

-Possible outcomes can be written in a list... -Finite=Choose 25…

1: The set of possible values is a continuum (intervals, unio…

Random Variable

Associates each outcome in the sample space with a real number

Bernoulli Random Variable

Any random variable whose only possible values are 0 and 1

probability

Punnett square

phenotype

genotype

A number that describes how likely it is that an event will o…

A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…

An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.

An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.

probability

A number that describes how likely it is that an event will o…

Punnett square

A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…

Heredity

Trait

Genetics

Fertilization

The passing of physical characteristics from parents to offsp…

A specific characteristic, such as stem height or seed color

The scientific study of heredity

The process when a new organism begins to form from egg and s…

Heredity

The passing of physical characteristics from parents to offsp…

Trait

A specific characteristic, such as stem height or seed color

Statistic

Parameter

Mean

Median

A characteristic or measure obtained by using the data values…

A characteristic or measure obtained by using all the data va…

The sum of the values, divided by the total number of value.

The midpoint of a data array.

Statistic

A characteristic or measure obtained by using the data values…

Parameter

A characteristic or measure obtained by using all the data va…

Random Experiment

Sample Space

Probability Assignment

Probability Space

An action which has more than one possible outcome and whose…

The set of all possible outcomes --> {.....}

Consists of assigning a number to each outcome such that each…

Consists of a sample space together with a probability assign…

Random Experiment

An action which has more than one possible outcome and whose…

Sample Space

The set of all possible outcomes --> {.....}

permutations

combinations

mutually exclusive

simple probability

•

**Order matters**s* (order makes a new group).•

**Order doesn't matter**r* (order doesn't make a new group)•

**Events can't occur at the same time.**... • Don't double count…• Probability of an event occurring.... • Represented by a numbe…

permutations

•

**Order matters**s* (order makes a new group).combinations

•

**Order doesn't matter**r* (order doesn't make a new group)Probability

Punnett Square

Phenotype

Genotype

A number that describes how likely it is that an event will o…

A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…

an organism's physical appearance, or visible traits

An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations

Probability

A number that describes how likely it is that an event will o…

Punnett Square

A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…

PDF

CDF

Uniform Distribution

Normal Distribution

probability density function... the curve f(x) that results fro…

cumulative distribution function ... F(x)... gives cumulative pro…

equally likely outcomes over their range of possible values…

symmetric bell shaped curve centered at µ... N(µ,σ)

PDF

probability density function... the curve f(x) that results fro…

CDF

cumulative distribution function ... F(x)... gives cumulative pro…

Mode

Median

Mean

Resistant Measures

The value or property that occurs most frequently in the data.

Central Value of an ordered distribution.

An average that uses the exact value of each entry.

One that is not influenced by extremely high or low data valu…

Mode

The value or property that occurs most frequently in the data.

Median

Central Value of an ordered distribution.