# Study sets matching "probability chapter 3 science"

compliment rule

addition rule

multiplication rule

conditional probability

P(A^c) = 1 - P(A)

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B)

P(A and B) = P(A) x P(B|A)

P(A|B) = P(A and B) / P(B)... *condition goes on the bottom

compliment rule

P(A^c) = 1 - P(A)

addition rule

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B)

probability

Punnett square

phenotype

genotype

A number that describes

**how likely**it is that an event will…A

**chart**that shows all the possible combinations of alleles…An organism's

**physical appearance**or physical traits... Example…An organism's

**genetic makeup**or allele combinations... Examples…probability

A number that describes

**how likely**it is that an event will…Punnett square

A

**chart**that shows all the possible combinations of alleles…Event

Experiment

Probability

Sample Space (U)

an outcome from an experiment

the process by which we obtain an outcome

the chance of an event occurring using a number between 0 and 1

a list of all possible outcomes

Event

an outcome from an experiment

Experiment

the process by which we obtain an outcome

Probability Experiment

Outcome

Sample Space

Event

an action, or trial, through which specific results are obtain…

the result of a single trial

the set of all possible outcomes

a subset of the sample space; may consist of one or more outco…

Probability Experiment

an action, or trial, through which specific results are obtain…

Outcome

the result of a single trial

probability

random phenomenon

probability model

sample space

the proportion of times the outcome of a random phenomenon wou…

individual outcomes are uncertain but there is nonetheless a r…

mathematical description of outcomes of a random phenomenon de…

set of all possible outcomes

probability

the proportion of times the outcome of a random phenomenon wou…

random phenomenon

individual outcomes are uncertain but there is nonetheless a r…

Theoretical probability

Sample space

Expectation probability

Experimental probability

a list of possible outcomes

E(A) = nP(A)... - number of trials multiplied by the probability…

or 'relative frequency'

Theoretical probability

Sample space

a list of possible outcomes

Sample Space

3.4) Bayes' Theorem

3.6) Mutually Exclusive

3.5) Independent & Dependent Events

Set of all possible outcomes

Two events are mutually exclusive if they cannot both occur. T…

The occurrence of one event has no impact on the other events.…

Sample Space

Set of all possible outcomes

3.4) Bayes' Theorem

compliment rule

addition rule

multiplication rule

conditional probability

P(A^c) = 1 - P(A)

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B)

P(A and B) = P(A) x P(B|A)

P(A|B) = P(A and B) / P(B)... *condition goes on the bottom

compliment rule

P(A^c) = 1 - P(A)

addition rule

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B)

Probability Experiment

Outcome

Sample Space

Event

an action, or trial, through which specific results are obtain…

the result of a single trial

the set of all possible outcomes

a subset of the sample space; may consist of one or more outco…

Probability Experiment

an action, or trial, through which specific results are obtain…

Outcome

the result of a single trial

experiment

outcome

no

sample point

an activity with observable results

the result of the experiment

Can the outcome pre predicted with certainty? ... -think: tossing…

outcome of an experiment

experiment

an activity with observable results

outcome

the result of the experiment

How is probability measured?

Relative frequency

Mutually exclusive

Mutually exclusive equation

It is measured on a scale from 0 to 1. 0 represents impossibil…

The relative frequency of an event is the proportion of times…

The occurrence of one event excludes the possibility that any…

How is probability measured?

It is measured on a scale from 0 to 1. 0 represents impossibil…

Relative frequency

The relative frequency of an event is the proportion of times…

Estimator

Estimate

Bias, consistency, and efficiency

BLUE (Best Line Unbiased Estimator)

An estimator is a function of a sample of data to be drawn fro…

An estimate is the numerical value of the estimator when it is…

A bias is the difference between the estimate of a parameter a…

The BLUE is the most efficient estimator among all estimators…

Estimator

An estimator is a function of a sample of data to be drawn fro…

Estimate

An estimate is the numerical value of the estimator when it is…

Experiment

Sample Point

Sample Space

Event

process of making an observation that leads to a single outcom…

the most basic outcome of an experiment

the collection of all its sample points

is a specific collection of sample points.

Experiment

process of making an observation that leads to a single outcom…

Sample Point

the most basic outcome of an experiment

probability experiment

outcome

sample space

event

an action or trial through which specific results are obtained

the result of a single trial in a probability experiment

the set of all possible outcomes of a probability experiment

a subset of the sample space

probability experiment

an action or trial through which specific results are obtained

outcome

the result of a single trial in a probability experiment

Bernoulli

Binomial

Poisson

Geometric

Counts the probability of a single trial (parameter p)

Counts the probability of x successes in n trials (parameters…

Used for large Binomials, special cases (parameter λ)

Number of trials x until first success (parameter p)

Bernoulli

Counts the probability of a single trial (parameter p)

Binomial

Counts the probability of x successes in n trials (parameters…

Statistic

Parameter

Mean

Median

A characteristic or measure obtained by using the data values…

A characteristic or measure obtained by using all the data val…

The sum of the values, divided by the total number of value.

The midpoint of a data array.

Statistic

A characteristic or measure obtained by using the data values…

Parameter

A characteristic or measure obtained by using all the data val…

random experiment

basic outcomes

sample space

event

has two or more outcomes, without knowing which will occur

possible outcomes from a random experiment

the set of all basic outcomes (S)

any subset of basic outcomes from S. event occurs if the rando…

random experiment

has two or more outcomes, without knowing which will occur

basic outcomes

possible outcomes from a random experiment

Mean

Mode

Median

Sample Mean

An average of a set of numbers.

The number/numbers that occur the most often.

The number that is in the middle when data is arranged from le…

The mean of a set of sample values.

Mean

An average of a set of numbers.

Mode

The number/numbers that occur the most often.

Inferential Statistics

Probability

Experiment

Sample Point

Inferring information about the population by using the sample.

Inferring information about the sample using the population.

Process of observation that leads to a single outcome that can…

A single outcome of an experiment. Ex: 4

Inferential Statistics

Inferring information about the population by using the sample.

Probability

Inferring information about the sample using the population.

mutually exclusive (disjoint)

independent

AIM rule

Addition Rule

If A and B do not contain the same outcomes

If knowing that one will occur does not change the probability…

Use addition, if independent, multiply

General: P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B)... independent: P(A…

mutually exclusive (disjoint)

If A and B do not contain the same outcomes

independent

If knowing that one will occur does not change the probability…

Experiment

Sample point

Sample space

Event

An act or process of observation that leads to a single outcom…

The most basic outcome of an experiment

The part of an experiment where there is a collection of all i…

A specific collection of sample points.

Experiment

An act or process of observation that leads to a single outcom…

Sample point

The most basic outcome of an experiment

Bernoulli Trial

Binomial Distribution

Binomial Random Variable

Cumulative Distribution Function-Discre…

Sequences of independent trials with only two outcomes, genera…

A trial that has only two possible outcomes with the probabili…

A discrete random variable that equals the number of successes…

For a random variable X, the function X defined as P(X_<x) tha…

Bernoulli Trial

Sequences of independent trials with only two outcomes, genera…

Binomial Distribution

A trial that has only two possible outcomes with the probabili…

Probability Theory

Probability

Mutually Exclusive

Basic Probability

...

-The relative frequency of the favored outcomes in the populat…

Outcomes that cannot occur at the same time.

p= # favored outcomes... -----------------------------... # of pos…

Probability Theory

...

Probability

-The relative frequency of the favored outcomes in the populat…

Experiment

Sample Point

Sample Space

Event

An act or process of observation that leads to a single outcom…

The most basic outcome of an experiment

the collection of all the sample points from an experiment

A specific collection of sample points

Experiment

An act or process of observation that leads to a single outcom…

Sample Point

The most basic outcome of an experiment