# Study sets matching "probability chapter 3 science"

Study sets

Diagrams

Classes

Users

compliment rule

addition rule

multiplication rule

conditional probability

P(A^c) = 1 - P(A)

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B)

P(A and B) = P(A) x P(B|A)

P(A|B) = P(A and B) / P(B)... *condition goes on the bottom

compliment rule

P(A^c) = 1 - P(A)

addition rule

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B)

probability

Punnett square

phenotype

genotype

A number that describes

**how likely**it is that an event will…A

**chart**that shows all the possible combinations of alleles…An organism's

**physical appearance**or physical traits... Example…An organism's

**genetic makeup**or allele combinations... Examples…probability

A number that describes

**how likely**it is that an event will…Punnett square

A

**chart**that shows all the possible combinations of alleles…Event

Experiment

Probability

Sample Space (U)

an outcome from an experiment

the process by which we obtain an outcome

the chance of an event occurring using a number between 0 and 1

a list of all possible outcomes

Event

an outcome from an experiment

Experiment

the process by which we obtain an outcome

Probability (of an outcome)

Relative frequency

Law of Large Numbers

Notation P(A)

The proportion of times the outcome would occur if we observed…

The proportion of times the event occurs out of the number of…

As more observations are collected, the observed proportion pˆ…

Probability of outcome A.

Probability (of an outcome)

The proportion of times the outcome would occur if we observed…

Relative frequency

The proportion of times the event occurs out of the number of…

Sample Space

3.4) Bayes' Theorem

3.6) Mutually Exclusive

3.5) Independent & Dependent Events

Set of all possible outcomes

Two events are mutually exclusive if they cannot both occur. T…

The occurrence of one event has no impact on the other events.…

Sample Space

Set of all possible outcomes

3.4) Bayes' Theorem

probability

random phenomenon

probability model

sample space

the proportion of times the outcome of a random phenomenon wou…

individual outcomes are uncertain but there is nonetheless a r…

mathematical description of outcomes of a random phenomenon de…

set of all possible outcomes

probability

the proportion of times the outcome of a random phenomenon wou…

random phenomenon

individual outcomes are uncertain but there is nonetheless a r…

Probability Experiment

Outcome

Sample Space

Event

an action, or trial, through which specific results are obtain…

the result of a single trial

the set of all possible outcomes

a subset of the sample space; may consist of one or more outco…

Probability Experiment

an action, or trial, through which specific results are obtain…

Outcome

the result of a single trial

compliment rule

addition rule

multiplication rule

conditional probability

P(A^c) = 1 - P(A)

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B)

P(A and B) = P(A) x P(B|A)

P(A|B) = P(A and B) / P(B)... *condition goes on the bottom

compliment rule

P(A^c) = 1 - P(A)

addition rule

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B)

How is probability measured?

Relative frequency

Mutually exclusive

Mutually exclusive equation

It is measured on a scale from 0 to 1. 0 represents impossibil…

The relative frequency of an event is the proportion of times…

The occurrence of one event excludes the possibility that any…

How is probability measured?

It is measured on a scale from 0 to 1. 0 represents impossibil…

Relative frequency

The relative frequency of an event is the proportion of times…

probability experiment

outcome

sample space

event

an action or trial through which specific results are obtained

the result of a single trial in a probability experiment

the set of all possible outcomes of a probability experiment

a subset of the sample space

probability experiment

an action or trial through which specific results are obtained

outcome

the result of a single trial in a probability experiment

Estimator

Estimate

Bias, consistency, and efficiency

BLUE (Best Line Unbiased Estimator)

An estimator is a function of a sample of data to be drawn fro…

An estimate is the numerical value of the estimator when it is…

A bias is the difference between the estimate of a parameter a…

The BLUE is the most efficient estimator among all estimators…

Estimator

An estimator is a function of a sample of data to be drawn fro…

Estimate

An estimate is the numerical value of the estimator when it is…

Experiment

Sample Point

Sample Space

Event

process of making an observation that leads to a single outcom…

the most basic outcome of an experiment

the collection of all its sample points

is a specific collection of sample points.

Experiment

process of making an observation that leads to a single outcom…

Sample Point

the most basic outcome of an experiment

Risk

Odds

Conditional probability

Multiplication rule

The proportion of the population with the disease-outcome occu…

An alternative measure of chance/likelihood, looking at the di…

Universe reduction, where the probability of an event occurrin…

Risk

The proportion of the population with the disease-outcome occu…

Odds

An alternative measure of chance/likelihood, looking at the di…

Bernoulli

Binomial

Poisson

Geometric

Counts the probability of a single trial (parameter p)

Counts the probability of x successes in n trials (parameters…

Used for large Binomials, special cases (parameter λ)

Number of trials x until first success (parameter p)

Bernoulli

Counts the probability of a single trial (parameter p)

Binomial

Counts the probability of x successes in n trials (parameters…

Statistic

Parameter

Mean

Median

A characteristic or measure obtained by using the data values…

A characteristic or measure obtained by using all the data val…

The sum of the values, divided by the total number of value.

The midpoint of a data array.

Statistic

A characteristic or measure obtained by using the data values…

Parameter

A characteristic or measure obtained by using all the data val…

Probability experiment

Outcome

Sample space

Event

an action, or trial, theough which specific results (counts, m…

the result of a single trial in a probability experiment

the set of all possible outcomes of a probability experiment

consists of one or more outcomes and is a subset of the sample…

Probability experiment

an action, or trial, theough which specific results (counts, m…

Outcome

the result of a single trial in a probability experiment

What is probability?

What is a punnet square and how does it…

Punnet square

Genotype

The chances of something happening

A punnet square determines the probability of an offspring's t…

The type of gene an offspring may have

What is probability?

The chances of something happening

What is a punnet square and how does it…

A punnet square determines the probability of an offspring's t…

random experiment

basic outcomes

sample space

event

has two or more outcomes, without knowing which will occur

possible outcomes from a random experiment

the set of all basic outcomes (S)

any subset of basic outcomes from S. event occurs if the rando…

random experiment

has two or more outcomes, without knowing which will occur

basic outcomes

possible outcomes from a random experiment

Classical Method

Complement (of an event)

Event

Experiment

If all outcomes are equally likely to occur, then P(outcome) =…

If A is an event, the complement of A is the event that A will…

A set of sample space outcomes.

A process of observation that has an uncertain outcome.

Classical Method

If all outcomes are equally likely to occur, then P(outcome) =…

Complement (of an event)

If A is an event, the complement of A is the event that A will…

Experiement

Sample Point

Sample Space

Event

Any process of observation that leads to a single outcome that…

A single outcome of an experiement

The list of all possible sample points of an experiment

A specific collection of sample points

Experiement

Any process of observation that leads to a single outcome that…

Sample Point

A single outcome of an experiement

Mean

Mode

Median

Sample Mean

An average of a set of numbers.

The number/numbers that occur the most often.

The number that is in the middle when data is arranged from le…

The mean of a set of sample values.

Mean

An average of a set of numbers.

Mode

The number/numbers that occur the most often.

Inferential Statistics

Probability

Experiment

Sample Point

Inferring information about the population by using the sample.

Inferring information about the sample using the population.

Process of observation that leads to a single outcome that can…

A single outcome of an experiment. Ex: 4

Inferential Statistics

Inferring information about the population by using the sample.

Probability

Inferring information about the sample using the population.