# Study sets matching "probability chapter 3 science"

Study sets

Diagrams

Classes

Users

Probability experiment

Outcome

Sample space

Event

an action or trial through which specific results are obtained

The result of a single trial in an experiment

the set of all possible outcomes of experiement

a subset of the sample space

Probability experiment

an action or trial through which specific results are obtained

Outcome

The result of a single trial in an experiment

compliment rule

addition rule

multiplication rule

conditional probability

P(A^c) = 1 - P(A)

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B)

P(A and B) = P(A) x P(B|A)

P(A|B) = P(A and B) / P(B)... *condition goes on the bottom

compliment rule

P(A^c) = 1 - P(A)

addition rule

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B)

Event

Experiment

Probability

Sample Space (U)

an outcome from an experiment

the process by which we obtain an outcome

the chance of an event occurring using a number between 0 and 1

a list of all possible outcomes

Event

an outcome from an experiment

Experiment

the process by which we obtain an outcome

Event

Experiment

Probability

Sample Space (U)

an outcome from an experiment

the process by which we obtain an outcome

the chance of an event occurring using a number between 0 and 1

a list of all possible outcomes

Event

an outcome from an experiment

Experiment

the process by which we obtain an outcome

Probability (of an outcome)

Relative frequency

Law of Large Numbers

Notation P(A)

The proportion of times the outcome would occur if we observed…

The proportion of times the event occurs out of the number of…

As more observations are collected, the observed proportion pˆ…

Probability of outcome A.

Probability (of an outcome)

The proportion of times the outcome would occur if we observed…

Relative frequency

The proportion of times the event occurs out of the number of…

Sample Space

3.4) Bayes' Theorem

3.6) Mutually Exclusive

3.5) Independent & Dependent Events

Set of all possible outcomes

Two events are mutually exclusive if they cannot both occur. T…

The occurrence of one event has no impact on the other events.…

Sample Space

Set of all possible outcomes

3.4) Bayes' Theorem

probability

random phenomenon

probability model

sample space

the proportion of times the outcome of a random phenomenon wou…

individual outcomes are uncertain but there is nonetheless a r…

mathematical description of outcomes of a random phenomenon de…

set of all possible outcomes

probability

the proportion of times the outcome of a random phenomenon wou…

random phenomenon

individual outcomes are uncertain but there is nonetheless a r…

compliment rule

addition rule

multiplication rule

conditional probability

P(A^c) = 1 - P(A)

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B)

P(A and B) = P(A) x P(B|A)

P(A|B) = P(A and B) / P(B)... *condition goes on the bottom

compliment rule

P(A^c) = 1 - P(A)

addition rule

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B)

How is probability measured?

Relative frequency

Mutually exclusive

Mutually exclusive equation

It is measured on a scale from 0 to 1. 0 represents impossibil…

The relative frequency of an event is the proportion of times…

The occurrence of one event excludes the possibility that any…

How is probability measured?

It is measured on a scale from 0 to 1. 0 represents impossibil…

Relative frequency

The relative frequency of an event is the proportion of times…

Probability

Punnett Square

phenotype

genotype

a number that describes how likely it is that an event will oc…

a chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles

an organisms physical appearance or visible traits

an organism with two identical alleles for a trait

Probability

a number that describes how likely it is that an event will oc…

Punnett Square

a chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles

probability experiment

outcome

sample space

event

an action or trial through which specific results are obtained

the result of a single trial in a probability experiment

the set of all possible outcomes of a probability experiment

a subset of the sample space

probability experiment

an action or trial through which specific results are obtained

outcome

the result of a single trial in a probability experiment

What is a probability a framework for?

What is sample space?

What is the probability of an event?

Why are probabilities estimated from em…

evaluating occurrence

Set of all possible outcomes

Relative frequency of this set of outcomes over an indefinitel…

In real life, experiments cannot be performed an infinite numb…

What is a probability a framework for?

evaluating occurrence

What is sample space?

Set of all possible outcomes

Estimator

Estimate

Bias, consistency, and efficiency

BLUE (Best Line Unbiased Estimator)

An estimator is a function of a sample of data to be drawn fro…

An estimate is the numerical value of the estimator when it is…

A bias is the difference between the estimate of a parameter a…

The BLUE is the most efficient estimator among all estimators…

Estimator

An estimator is a function of a sample of data to be drawn fro…

Estimate

An estimate is the numerical value of the estimator when it is…

Experiment

Sample Point

Sample Space

Event

process of making an observation that leads to a single outcom…

the most basic outcome of an experiment

the collection of all its sample points

is a specific collection of sample points.

Experiment

process of making an observation that leads to a single outcom…

Sample Point

the most basic outcome of an experiment

What is probability?

What is a punnet square and how does it…

Punnet square

Genotype

The chances of something happening

A punnet square determines the probability of an offspring's t…

The type of gene an offspring may have

What is probability?

The chances of something happening

What is a punnet square and how does it…

A punnet square determines the probability of an offspring's t…

Conditional Probability

Equally Likely

Event

Experiment

the likelihood that an event will occur given that another eve…

Each outcome of an experiment has the same probability.

An outcome or set of outcomes of an experiment ... Notation is us…

a planned activity carried out under controlled conditions

Conditional Probability

the likelihood that an event will occur given that another eve…

Equally Likely

Each outcome of an experiment has the same probability.

Risk

Odds

Conditional probability

Multiplication rule

The proportion of the population with the disease-outcome occu…

An alternative measure of chance/likelihood, looking at the di…

Universe reduction, where the probability of an event occurrin…

Risk

The proportion of the population with the disease-outcome occu…

Odds

An alternative measure of chance/likelihood, looking at the di…

Bernoulli

Binomial

Poisson

Geometric

Counts the probability of a single trial (parameter p)

Counts the probability of x successes in n trials (parameters…

Used for large Binomials, special cases (parameter λ)

Number of trials x until first success (parameter p)

Bernoulli

Counts the probability of a single trial (parameter p)

Binomial

Counts the probability of x successes in n trials (parameters…

statistic

parameter

the mean

rounding rules for the mean

a characteristic or measure obtained by using the data values…

a characteristic or measure obtained by using all the data val…

the sum of the values divided by the total number of values

the mean should be rounded to one more decimal place than occu…

statistic

a characteristic or measure obtained by using the data values…

parameter

a characteristic or measure obtained by using all the data val…

Statistic

Parameter

Mean

Median

A characteristic or measure obtained by using the data values…

A characteristic or measure obtained by using all the data val…

The sum of the values, divided by the total number of value.

The midpoint of a data array.

Statistic

A characteristic or measure obtained by using the data values…

Parameter

A characteristic or measure obtained by using all the data val…

Experiment

Sample Point

Sample Space

Union

An act or process of observation that leads to a single outcom…

The most basic outcome of an experiment

The collection of all its sample points of an experiment

The event that occurs if either A or B or both occur on a sing…

Experiment

An act or process of observation that leads to a single outcom…

Sample Point

The most basic outcome of an experiment

experiment

experimental outcomes

probability

classical method

process of observation with an uncertain outcome

possible outcomes for an experiment

the measure of the chance that an experimental outcome will oc…

all experimental outcomes are equally likely to occur

experiment

process of observation with an uncertain outcome

experimental outcomes

possible outcomes for an experiment

Probability experiment

Outcome

Sample space

Event

an action, or trial, theough which specific results (counts, m…

the result of a single trial in a probability experiment

the set of all possible outcomes of a probability experiment

consists of one or more outcomes and is a subset of the sample…

Probability experiment

an action, or trial, theough which specific results (counts, m…

Outcome

the result of a single trial in a probability experiment

Classical Method

Complement (of an event)

Event

Experiment

If all outcomes are equally likely to occur, then P(outcome) =…

If A is an event, the complement of A is the event that A will…

A set of sample space outcomes.

A process of observation that has an uncertain outcome.

Classical Method

If all outcomes are equally likely to occur, then P(outcome) =…

Complement (of an event)

If A is an event, the complement of A is the event that A will…