Study sets matching "properties superconductivity"

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Study sets matching "properties superconductivity"

52 terms
Ceramics [Superconductivity]
Mathiessens rule
Superconductivity
What are the limiting factors to super…
What changes between the superconducti…
p = p0 + p(T)
The ability to conduct without loss of energy
Peak current, temperature, magnetic field.
The mode of electron transport
Mathiessens rule
p = p0 + p(T)
Superconductivity
The ability to conduct without loss of energy
6 terms
Fullerene C60 Properties
Structure
Electrical conductivity
thermal conductivity
appearance
-each C atom is sp^2 hybridized ... -bonded in sphere of 60 carb…
-semiconductor at normal temperature and pressure... -some elect…
very low
yellow crystalline solid, soluble in benzene
Structure
-each C atom is sp^2 hybridized ... -bonded in sphere of 60 carb…
Electrical conductivity
-semiconductor at normal temperature and pressure... -some elect…
14 terms
Grade 5 Science:
matter
mass
volume
weight
anything that has mass and takes up space
a measure of the amount of matter in an object
a measure of how much space an object takes up
the force of gravity between Earth and an object
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
mass
a measure of the amount of matter in an object
29 terms
Magnetic Properties
inside magnet
outside magnet
H
N
south to north poles
north to south poles
magnetic field strength (A/m)
number of turns
inside magnet
south to north poles
outside magnet
north to south poles
Physics Chapter 9
Shim system
Magnetic susceptibility
Elements can be classified as belongin…
Fourier Transformations
Used to maintain magnetic evenness or homogeneity
The way that materials behave in the presence of an external…
1 - Diamagnetism... 2- Paramagnetism... 3- Superparamagnetism... 4- Fe…
A series of mathmatical equations that changes MR signal (FID…
Shim system
Used to maintain magnetic evenness or homogeneity
Magnetic susceptibility
The way that materials behave in the presence of an external…
14 terms
Chapter 26: Current and Resistance
electric currents
current
ampere (A)
direction of current
charges in motion
SI unit for current (coulomb per second)
arrow drawn in direction in which positive charge carriers wo…
electric currents
charges in motion
current
13 terms
Chapter 34: Electric Current
Potential Difference
Electric Current
Ampere
Voltage Source
The difference in electrical potential energy between two pla…
The flow of electric charge
Measurement for electric current
A device that creates an electrical potential energy differen…
Potential Difference
The difference in electrical potential energy between two pla…
Electric Current
The flow of electric charge
26 terms
Materials and Their Properties
Properties of materials depend upon:
Materials =
compressive strength
tensile strength
The kind of atoms of which it is made, arrangement of atoms,…
technical sophistication
ability to withstand crushing
ability to withstand being pulled apart
Properties of materials depend upon:
The kind of atoms of which it is made, arrangement of atoms,…
Materials =
technical sophistication
19 terms
Properties of Elements
Representative Elements
Hydrogen
Lithium
Sodium and Potassium
metals, nonmetals, and metalloids; highly reactive and nonrea…
not part of any group, "flammable air", essential for life, c…
found in water, soil, and rocks; like magnesium,
both found in the body, nerve stimulation
Representative Elements
metals, nonmetals, and metalloids; highly reactive and nonrea…
Hydrogen
not part of any group, "flammable air", essential for life, c…
126 terms
Review
Liquid helium and liquid nitrogen
Copper and aluminum
Transmit, receive , and radio frequenc…
Shim Coils
Which of the following can be used to maintain the supercondu…
The material used for RF shielding is?
A body coil is considered which type a coil?
What component improves magnetic field homogenity?
Liquid helium and liquid nitrogen
Which of the following can be used to maintain the supercondu…
Copper and aluminum
The material used for RF shielding is?
24 terms
MR Physics & Clinical Use
Magnetic field
Perpendicular
Efficient (good timing. think child on…
Fat and Water protons (hydrogens)
MR diagram of a proton spinning, causing this.
Direction of the magnetic field generated by a wire-loop elec…
Resonance is the (BLANK) transfer of energy.
The source of hydrogen protons needed to form our MR signal.
Magnetic field
MR diagram of a proton spinning, causing this.
Perpendicular
Direction of the magnetic field generated by a wire-loop elec…
28 terms
Electromagnetism Vocabulary
lodestone
ferromagnet
permanent magnet
spin
naturally occurring mineral that contains permanently magneti…
metal that has magnetic properties when exposed to a magnetic…
a ferromagnetic metal that retains its magnetic properties pe…
an intrinsic property of particles and atomic nuclei, similar…
lodestone
naturally occurring mineral that contains permanently magneti…
ferromagnet
metal that has magnetic properties when exposed to a magnetic…
Helium
noble gas
hoax
superconductivity
CERN
any of the gaseous elements helium, neon, argon, krypton, xen…
a humorous or malicious deception.
the property of zero electrical resistance in some substances…
The European Organization for Nuclear Research... the world's l…
noble gas
any of the gaseous elements helium, neon, argon, krypton, xen…
hoax
a humorous or malicious deception.
12 terms
Chapter 34
Potential Difference
Electric Current
Amperes
Voltage Source
The difference in electric potential (voltage) between two po…
The flow of electric charge measured in amperes
SI unit of electric current
A device, such as a battery or generator, that provides a pot…
Potential Difference
The difference in electric potential (voltage) between two po…
Electric Current
The flow of electric charge measured in amperes
10 terms
Chapter 34 Vocal words (Science)
Electric current
amperes
voltage source
Electric resistance
The continuous flow of electric charges through a material
The rate of flow of electric charge is measured in
a device that creates a potential difference in an electric c…
the resistance that the conductor offers to the flow of charge
Electric current
The continuous flow of electric charges through a material
amperes
The rate of flow of electric charge is measured in
Physical Science Chapter 11 Magnestism
magnet
magnetic pole
magnetic dipole
magnetic field
any object that possesses or can generate a magnetic field
one of two areas of concentrated magnetic field lines on a ma…
any object or particle with magnetic properties, i.e. having…
the region of influence surrounding a magnet, where it exerts…
magnet
any object that possesses or can generate a magnetic field
magnetic pole
one of two areas of concentrated magnetic field lines on a ma…
Apologia General Science 1st Edition Module 2
air resistance
counter-example
phlogiston
scientific method
the fact that air actually slows objects down as they fall
an example that contradicts a scientific conclusion
a substance supposed by 18th-century chemists to exist in all…
framework in which scientists can analyze situations, explain…
air resistance
the fact that air actually slows objects down as they fall
counter-example
an example that contradicts a scientific conclusion
11 terms
Chapter 34 Vocal words (Science)
Potential difference
Electric current
amperes
voltage source
the difference in electrical charge between two points in a c…
The continuous flow of electric charges through a material
The rate of flow of electric charge is measured in
a device that creates a potential difference in an electric c…
Potential difference
the difference in electrical charge between two points in a c…
Electric current
The continuous flow of electric charges through a material
11 terms
Chapter 34 Vocal words (Science)
Potential difference
Electric current
amperes
voltage source
the difference in electrical charge between two points in a c…
The continuous flow of electric charges through a material
The rate of flow of electric charge is measured in
a device that creates a potential difference in an electric c…
Potential difference
the difference in electrical charge between two points in a c…
Electric current
The continuous flow of electric charges through a material
96 terms
CHM2211: Chapter 16
__________ (NMR) spectroscopy is argua…
__________ involves the study of the i…
_________ NMR spectroscopy and _______…
A nucleus with an odd number of proton…
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
NMR Spectroscopy
1. 1H ... 2. 13C
Nuclear Spin
__________ (NMR) spectroscopy is argua…
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
__________ involves the study of the i…
NMR Spectroscopy
11 terms
Poster?
Soviet Union
Bardeen, Cooper, Schriefer
Van Allen
Luna 2
First orbitting spacecraft launched (The Sputnik's)
Superconductivity explained; electrons in superconductors for…
Discovery of Magnetosohere begins era of space physics
Soviet probe that crashed into the moon
Soviet Union
First orbitting spacecraft launched (The Sputnik's)
Bardeen, Cooper, Schriefer
Superconductivity explained; electrons in superconductors for…
370 terms
Principles of MRI Study Guide
T2 is decay of __________ magnetization
The T2 relaxation time of a tissue is…
Which axis is the long axis in a super…
T1 is recovery of __________ magnetiza…
Transverse
63%
Z Axis
Longitudinal
T2 is decay of __________ magnetization
Transverse
The T2 relaxation time of a tissue is…
63%
12 terms
electricity
electric charge
electric current
electric circut
conducter
an electrical property of matter that creates electric and ma…
The continuous flow of electric charges through a material
A complete unbroken path through which electric charges can f…
a material that allows heat and electricity to pass through it.
electric charge
an electrical property of matter that creates electric and ma…
electric current
The continuous flow of electric charges through a material
8 terms
Chemistry terms
superconductive
sublimation
gas
element
the phase of matter characterized by electron flow being unre…
this is when a solid goes directly into the gaseous phase
phase of matter characterized by indefinite size and shape
a homogenous form of matter
superconductive
the phase of matter characterized by electron flow being unre…
sublimation
this is when a solid goes directly into the gaseous phase
13 terms
Chapter 34: Electric Current
Potential Difference
Electric Current
Ampere
Voltage Source
The difference in electrical potential energy between two pla…
The flow of electric charge
Measurement for electric current
A device that creates an electrical potential energy differen…
Potential Difference
The difference in electrical potential energy between two pla…
Electric Current
The flow of electric charge
13 terms
Chapter 34: Electric Current
Potential Difference
Electric Current
Ampere
Voltage Source
The difference in electrical potential energy between two pla…
The flow of electric charge
Measurement for electric current
A device that creates an electrical potential energy differen…
Potential Difference
The difference in electrical potential energy between two pla…
Electric Current
The flow of electric charge
61 terms
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR)
1H NMR and 13C NMR
Nucleus w/ odd number of protons / neu…
Magnetic Moment
Provides information about molecular structure
are the most widely used
Have nuclear spin
A spinning proton, rotating sphere of charge generates a magn…
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR)
Provides information about molecular structure
1H NMR and 13C NMR
are the most widely used
17 terms
Physics
Electrical potential energy
electric potential
volt
voltage
the ability to move an electric charge from one point to anot…
The electric potential energy per unit charge
(1694-1778) French philosopher. He believed that freedom of s…
Another name for potential difference.
Electrical potential energy
the ability to move an electric charge from one point to anot…
electric potential
The electric potential energy per unit charge
22 terms
MRI Intro/ Inst/Safety/Artifacts/Venipuncture
8 Tesla
They become a projectile objects
15°to 30° bevel up
Active shimming
FDA guidelines state that the maximum strength of an MRI fiel…
What hazards may result from the presence of Ferromagnetic ob…
The correct needle position for venipuncture is a _________ d…
The homogeneity of the magnetic field is improved by applying…
8 Tesla
FDA guidelines state that the maximum strength of an MRI fiel…
They become a projectile objects
What hazards may result from the presence of Ferromagnetic ob…
26 terms
Chapter 20&21 Electricity & Magnetism
Electric Charge
Electric Force
Electric Field
Static Electricity
an electrical property of matter that creates electric and ma…
the attraction or repulsion between electric charges
a field of force surrounding a charged particle
A buildup of charges on an object.
Electric Charge
an electrical property of matter that creates electric and ma…
Electric Force
the attraction or repulsion between electric charges
38 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 12
Bands
Metals
Semiconductors
Band Gap
A phenomenon which occurs in a molecule and is formed when th…
A group of very electrically conductive, shiny, ductile, and…
A material characterized by a band gap between a filled valen…
An energy separation between an insulator's highest filled el…
Bands
A phenomenon which occurs in a molecule and is formed when th…
Metals
A group of very electrically conductive, shiny, ductile, and…
38 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 12
Bands
Metals
Semiconductors
Band Gap
A phenomenon which occurs in a molecule and is formed when th…
A group of very electrically conductive, shiny, ductile, and…
A material characterized by a band gap between a filled valen…
An energy separation between an insulator's highest filled el…
Bands
A phenomenon which occurs in a molecule and is formed when th…
Metals
A group of very electrically conductive, shiny, ductile, and…
Chemistry: Unit 2 Section D
alloy
superconductivity
semiconductor
doping
a solid solution consisting of atoms of two or more metals
the ability of a material to conduct an electrical current wi…
a solid substance, such as silicon, with electrical conductiv…
adding impurities to a semiconductor to enhance its electrica…
alloy
a solid solution consisting of atoms of two or more metals
superconductivity
the ability of a material to conduct an electrical current wi…
38 terms
Chapter 12 Vocab Terms
Metals
Semiconductors
Insulators
Ceramics
A solid material that is hard, shiny, malleable, fusible, and…
A solid that has a conductivity between an insulator and most…
A substance that doesn't conduct electricity. INSULATE electr…
Inorganic solids that are normally hard and brittle and stabl…
Metals
A solid material that is hard, shiny, malleable, fusible, and…
Semiconductors
A solid that has a conductivity between an insulator and most…
QB Nationals- Energy
Defined macroscopically as Boltzmann's…
Change equals change in heart over tem…
Only increases by 2nd Law of Thermodyn…
Induction motors are the canonical exa…
Entropy
Entropy
Entropy
Alternating Current
Defined macroscopically as Boltzmann's…
Entropy
Change equals change in heart over tem…
Entropy
38 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 12
Bands
Metals
Semiconductors
Band Gap
an array of closely spaced molecular orbitals occupying a dis…
A group of very electrically conductive, shiny, ductile, and…
a solid with limited electrical conductivity
An energy gap between an occupied valance band and a vacant b…
Bands
an array of closely spaced molecular orbitals occupying a dis…
Metals
A group of very electrically conductive, shiny, ductile, and…
chapter 34
Alternating current
ampere
direct current
electric power
Electric current that repeatedly reverse direction twice each…
SI unit of electric current (A)
Electric current whose flow of charge is always in one direct…
the rate at which electrical energy is converted into another…
Alternating current
Electric current that repeatedly reverse direction twice each…
ampere
SI unit of electric current (A)
Chapter 20 & 21 Vocab: Electricity & Magnetism (2nd Semester)
Electric Charge
Electric Current
Direct Current
Electrical Conductor
The physical property of matter that causes it to experience…
A flow of electric charge.
An electric current flowing in one direction only.
A substance in which electrical charge carriers, usually elec…
Electric Charge
The physical property of matter that causes it to experience…
Electric Current
A flow of electric charge.
8 terms
CHEM VOCAB N!ZZLES
ATOM
MOLECULE
COMPOUND
DIATOMIC MOLECULES
smallest part of matter w/ all the properties of that matter
2 or more atoms that are covalently bonded
2 or more DIFFERENT atoms that are bonded
exists as two bonded atoms of the same element
ATOM
smallest part of matter w/ all the properties of that matter
MOLECULE
2 or more atoms that are covalently bonded
17 terms
Vocab Chapter 32- Fermin
Electrical potential energy
Electric potential
Volt
Voltage
The amount of energy of a charged particle in an electric fie…
In an electric field, it is the work done per unit charge q t…
the SI unit of electromotive force, the difference of potenti…
The potential difference measured in volts. The amount of wor…
Electrical potential energy
The amount of energy of a charged particle in an electric fie…
Electric potential
In an electric field, it is the work done per unit charge q t…
Electricity Key Terms
Electric Field
Static Electricity
Friction
Conduction
The field around charged particles that exerts a force on oth…
Buildup of charges on an object.
Force that is exerted when two substances
Method of changing an object by allowing electrons
Electric Field
The field around charged particles that exerts a force on oth…
Static Electricity
Buildup of charges on an object.
AP Chem Chapter 12
band
semiconductors
insulators
band gap
An array of closely spaced molecular orbitals occupying a dis…
a solid with limited electrical conductivity
a solid with extremely low electrical conductivity
the energy gap between an occupied valence band and a vacant…
band
An array of closely spaced molecular orbitals occupying a dis…
semiconductors
a solid with limited electrical conductivity
8 terms
Thinkwell Chemistry 12.4 - Ceramics
amorphous solid
ceramic
crystalline solid
glass
a solid lacking the long-range order of a crystalline solid
an inorganic, nonmetallic solid
a solid consisting of an array of atoms, ions, or molecules w…
a solid lacking the long- range order of a crystalline solid;…
amorphous solid
a solid lacking the long-range order of a crystalline solid
ceramic
an inorganic, nonmetallic solid
44 terms
Chapter 9 study Guide
1. List the hardware required to creat…
2. List the order of coils inside a co…
Magnetism
State the property that determines the…
a magnet - for nuclear alignment... a magnetic field gradient sy…
from inside out... receiver coil... body coil... gradient coil... shim coil
...
magnetic susceptibility
1. List the hardware required to creat…
a magnet - for nuclear alignment... a magnetic field gradient sy…
2. List the order of coils inside a co…
from inside out... receiver coil... body coil... gradient coil... shim coil
50 terms
Light Magnetism Sustainability Corrosion
corrosion
oxidation reaction
reduction reaction
EMF Series
the destructive electrochemical attack of a material
electrons are given up by a metal
electrons are consumed by a metal
a metal's ranking in respect to inherent reactivity. The meta…
corrosion
the destructive electrochemical attack of a material
oxidation reaction
electrons are given up by a metal
19 terms
Electricity
On touching a metal doorknob after hav…
Such a shock occurs because electrons…
an object is said to be _______ if it…
_______ is the process of electrical f…
Contact
friction
electrified
induction
On touching a metal doorknob after hav…
Contact
Such a shock occurs because electrons…
friction
30 terms
Simsbury IPS Magnetism
Magnetism
Magnetic Poles
Permanent Magnets
Temporary Magnets
-A property of matter that creates forces of attraction and r…
The two ends of a piece of magnetic material where the magnet…
Made from materials such as iron, cobalt, and nickel, which r…
-An object that can become a magnet for a short amount of tim…
Magnetism
-A property of matter that creates forces of attraction and r…
Magnetic Poles
The two ends of a piece of magnetic material where the magnet…
139 terms
Physics Semester 2 Study Guide
What is the basic structure of an atom?
What causes objects to be positively c…
The Principle of the Conservation of e…
Describe the electric force between ob…
Nucleus, Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons (Protons and Neutro…
The transferring of electrons
Electric charge can't be created or destroyed, it is always c…
Like charges repel, opposites attract
What is the basic structure of an atom?
Nucleus, Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons (Protons and Neutro…
What causes objects to be positively c…
The transferring of electrons
General Science Module 2
Counter Example
Hypothesis
Theory
scientific law
an example that contradicts a conclusion
An educated guess that attempts to explain an observation or…
a hypothesis that has been tested with a signifcant amount data
a theory that has been tested and is consistent with generati…
Counter Example
an example that contradicts a conclusion
Hypothesis
An educated guess that attempts to explain an observation or…
Ch 20 + 21 Vocab Set
Electric Charge
Electric force
Electric field
Static Electricity
A property that causes subatomic particles such as protons an…
the attraction or repulsion between electric charges
a field in a region of space that exerts electric forces on c…
The study of the behavior of electric charges, including how…
Electric Charge
A property that causes subatomic particles such as protons an…
Electric force
the attraction or repulsion between electric charges
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