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Study sets matching "proteins"

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Study sets matching "proteins"

12 terms
Proteins
Protein
Polymer
Monomer
Amino Acid
An organic compound that is made of one or more amino acids
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Building blocks of protein
Protein
An organic compound that is made of one or more amino acids
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
22 terms
Proteins
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological catalysts, build and break down molecules
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
amount of energy needed to get a reaction started
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological catalysts, build and break down molecules
catalyst
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
15 terms
Proteins
amino acid
peptide bond
dipeptide
Polypeptide
the monomers of proteins; each contains an amino group and a…
Formed by condensation reaction between two amino acids.
Two amino acids joined by a peptide bond.
A chain of many amino acids.
amino acid
the monomers of proteins; each contains an amino group and a…
peptide bond
Formed by condensation reaction between two amino acids.
14 terms
Proteins
Protein
Polymer
Monomer
Amino Acid
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Building blocks of protein
Protein
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
14 terms
Proteins
Protein
Polymer
Monomer
Amino Acid
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Building blocks of protein
Protein
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
28 terms
Proteins
Elements Contained in Proteins
Proteins
Amino Acids
The four parts of an amino acid
Carbon, hydrogen, oxyen and nitrogen
Chain of 10-100,000 amino acids (aa)
Monomer/smallest units of molecules/building blocks of proteins
Carboxyl Group - COOH (acid)... Hydrogen - H... Amine Group - NH₂... R…
Elements Contained in Proteins
Carbon, hydrogen, oxyen and nitrogen
Proteins
Chain of 10-100,000 amino acids (aa)
15 terms
Proteins
activation energy
active site
amino acid
antibodies
the minimum quantity of energy that the reacting molecule mus…
a region on an enzyme that binds to a protein or other substa…
Any of a large number of compounds found in living cells that…
a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a s…
activation energy
the minimum quantity of energy that the reacting molecule mus…
active site
a region on an enzyme that binds to a protein or other substa…
16 terms
Proteins
Primary Structure
Secondary Structure
Tertiary Structure
Quaternary Structure
The chain of amino acids of a protein ; connected by peptide…
Alpha helix or Beta pleated sheets; formed with hydrogen bonds
The 3D shape of a protein (folds based on order of AA, hydrog…
More than one polypeptide chain
Primary Structure
The chain of amino acids of a protein ; connected by peptide…
Secondary Structure
Alpha helix or Beta pleated sheets; formed with hydrogen bonds
15 terms
Proteins
Build and repair
4
Small and lean
Amino acids
The primary function of protein.
Protein provides this number of calories per gram.
Try to keep meat and poultry portions like this.
The building blocks of protein.
Build and repair
The primary function of protein.
4
Protein provides this number of calories per gram.
16 terms
Proteins
Elements Contained in Proteins
Proteins
Amino Acids
The four parts of an amino acid
Carbon, hydrogen, oxyen and nitrogen
Chain of 10-100,000 amino acids (aa)
Monomer/smallest units of molecules/building blocks of proteins
Carboxyl Group - COOH (acid)... Hydrogen - H... Amine Group - NH₂... R…
Elements Contained in Proteins
Carbon, hydrogen, oxyen and nitrogen
Proteins
Chain of 10-100,000 amino acids (aa)
7 terms
Proteins
amino acids
peptide bond
amino group
carboxyl group
monomers of proteins
covalent bond created between amino acids
group of the amino acid which contains nitrogen
group of the amino acid which contains the carboxyl group (ac…
amino acids
monomers of proteins
peptide bond
covalent bond created between amino acids
13 terms
Proteins
What is protein
Functions of Proteins : SHAPEE
Protein shape
Denaturation
food polymers... -complete protein: meant, fish, shellfish, eggs…
>Structural Functions... -kertain (hair and nails), collagen (…
-enzymes function b/c the shape of an enzyme fits into a lock…
unfolding of a protein with heat, alkali or acid, so that its…
What is protein
food polymers... -complete protein: meant, fish, shellfish, eggs…
Functions of Proteins : SHAPEE
>Structural Functions... -kertain (hair and nails), collagen (…
34 terms
proteins
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
Biological Function
Deficiency
Macronutrient
Minimum amount of energy required to maintain body temp. (37'…
The function / job of a nutrient in the body.
A lack of a substance / nutrient. It can lead to illness.
A nutrient needed in large amounts (protein, carbohydrate, li…
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
Minimum amount of energy required to maintain body temp. (37'…
Biological Function
The function / job of a nutrient in the body.
Proteins
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological catalysts, build and break down molecules
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
amount of energy needed to get a reaction started
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological catalysts, build and break down molecules
catalyst
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
20 terms
Proteins
glisin
alanin
valin
losin
glisin
alanin
28 terms
Proteins
Elements Contained in Proteins
Proteins
Amino Acids
The four parts of an amino acid
Carbon, hydrogen, oxyen and nitrogen
Chain of 10-100,000 amino acids (aa)
Monomer/smallest units of molecules/building blocks of proteins
Carboxyl Group - COOH (acid)... Hydrogen - H... Amine Group - NH₂... R…
Elements Contained in Proteins
Carbon, hydrogen, oxyen and nitrogen
Proteins
Chain of 10-100,000 amino acids (aa)
Proteins
Protein
amino acids
Nitrogen
Peptide Bond
an organic molecule with many important functions; the main s…
organic molecules that are the monomers of proteins
an element found in amino acids and proteins but is NOT found…
the covalent bond between the amino acids in a protein
Protein
an organic molecule with many important functions; the main s…
amino acids
organic molecules that are the monomers of proteins
15 terms
Proteins
Protein
Amino Acid
Dipeptide
peptide bond
Anorganic compound that is made of one or more chains of amin…
Building blocks of protein - contain an amino group carboxyli…
2 amino acids joined together
The bond that forms between the carboxyl group of one amino a…
Protein
Anorganic compound that is made of one or more chains of amin…
Amino Acid
Building blocks of protein - contain an amino group carboxyli…
14 terms
Proteins
Protein
amino acids
Nitrogen
Peptide Bond
an organic molecule with many important functions; the main s…
organic molecules that are the building blocks of proteins
an element found in amino acids and proteins but is NOT found…
the covalent bond between the amino acids in a protein
Protein
an organic molecule with many important functions; the main s…
amino acids
organic molecules that are the building blocks of proteins
24 terms
Proteins
Amino acid
carboxyl group
amine group
R group
Protein monomer, composed of an amine group, carboxyl group a…
An organic acid goup
A nitrogen atom with 2 hydrogen atoms attached
A chemical group that is different in each of the 20 differen…
Amino acid
Protein monomer, composed of an amine group, carboxyl group a…
carboxyl group
An organic acid goup
48 terms
Proteins
Elemental Composition
Structure of an Amino Acid
Carboxyl Group
Amine Group
Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon and Hydrogen
COOH/CO2H
NHH/NH2
Elemental Composition
Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon and Hydrogen
Structure of an Amino Acid
13 terms
Proteins
amino acid
peptide bond
dipeptide
Polypeptide
the monomers of proteins; each contains an amino group and a…
Formed by condensation reaction between two amino acids.
Two amino acids joined by a peptide bond.
A chain of many amino acids.
amino acid
the monomers of proteins; each contains an amino group and a…
peptide bond
Formed by condensation reaction between two amino acids.
11 terms
Proteins
Elements found in Proteins
Monomer of a Protein
# of amino acids
Element in Proteins that's not found i…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
Amino acids
20
Nitrogen
Elements found in Proteins
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
Monomer of a Protein
Amino acids
14 terms
Proteins
Protein
Polymer
Monomer
Amino Acid
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Building blocks of protein
Protein
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
16 terms
Proteins
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological catalysts that speed up reactions by lowering acti…
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
amount of energy needed to get a reaction started
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological catalysts that speed up reactions by lowering acti…
catalyst
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
200 terms
Proteins
proteome
the complete complement of proteins po…
The human proteome is about
the budding yeast proteome is about
All of the types and relative amounts of proteins that are ma…
proteome
32,000 proteins
6,000 proteins
proteome
All of the types and relative amounts of proteins that are ma…
the complete complement of proteins po…
proteome
23 terms
Proteins
Proteins
Amino acids
Peptide bond
Dipeptide
The polymer of amino acids. Nearly every dynamic function in…
Contains an amine and a carboxyl group and are the monomers o…
A bond between two amino acids through dehydration synthesis.…
Two amino acids linked together. They can be broken apart thr…
Proteins
The polymer of amino acids. Nearly every dynamic function in…
Amino acids
Contains an amine and a carboxyl group and are the monomers o…
39 terms
Proteins
chemistry of protein
structure of amino acid
zwitterions
amino acids
polymers of amino acids
amine group, carboxyl group, R group (side chain)
dipolar ions - has one (+) charge and one (-) charge, so is e…
act as a salt, crystals, highly soluble in water
chemistry of protein
polymers of amino acids
structure of amino acid
amine group, carboxyl group, R group (side chain)
13 terms
Proteins
polypeptide
R-Group
Peptide bond
primary structure
when amino acids bond this is formed
gives the amino acids unique properties
bonds that hold amino acids together between the groups of ca…
amino acids in an order that determines its function
polypeptide
when amino acids bond this is formed
R-Group
gives the amino acids unique properties
10 terms
Proteins
Proteins
Peptide bonds
Polypeptide
20
large polymer molecules made up of many repeating units of am…
Link amino acids together in proteins
A long chain of amino acids
The number of amino acids in humans
Proteins
large polymer molecules made up of many repeating units of am…
Peptide bonds
Link amino acids together in proteins
13 terms
Proteins
Amino Acids
Carboxyl Group
Amino Group
peptide bond
subunits of proteins
Acidic functional group on an amino acid. It donates the hydo…
The NH3+ functional group on an amino acid. It donates an H+…
The bond between amino acids.
Amino Acids
subunits of proteins
Carboxyl Group
Acidic functional group on an amino acid. It donates the hydo…
14 terms
Proteins
Protein
Polymer
Monomer
Amino Acid
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Building blocks of protein
Protein
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
15 terms
Proteins
amino acid
peptide bond
dipeptide
Polypeptide
the monomers of proteins; each contains an amino group and a…
Formed by condensation reaction between two amino acids.
Two amino acids joined by a peptide bond.
A chain of many amino acids.
amino acid
the monomers of proteins; each contains an amino group and a…
peptide bond
Formed by condensation reaction between two amino acids.
31 terms
Proteins
Proteins
Conformation
Polymerzation
Amino acids
Consist of polymers of amino acids & have a specific conforma…
Shape of a protein... - shape is key in proteins... - the conformat…
The bonding of many small subunits (monomers) to form long mo…
Have an amine group (NH2) on 1 end & a carboxyl group on the…
Proteins
Consist of polymers of amino acids & have a specific conforma…
Conformation
Shape of a protein... - shape is key in proteins... - the conformat…
11 terms
Proteins
Carne
Pollo
Pescado
Puerco
Meat
Chicken
Fish
Pork
Carne
Meat
Pollo
Chicken
9 terms
Proteins
protein
amino acids
peptide bonds
condensation reaction
an organic macromolecule that is made up of amino acids and t…
the building blocks of proteins
connect amino acids together to form polypeptide chains (prot…
a chemical reaction in which water is released from a polymer…
protein
an organic macromolecule that is made up of amino acids and t…
amino acids
the building blocks of proteins
14 terms
proteins
meat
fish
chicken
cheese
göst
müsi
mirişk
penêr
meat
göst
fish
müsi
117 terms
Proteins
What are proteins?
Each amino acid has the same fundament…
Certain atoms or groups of atoms dicta…
Properties of Amino Group
Macromolecules (polypeptide) made up of 20 different amino ac…
-An alpha carbon with 4 bonds: 1. Hydrogen atom 2. Amino func…
Chemical Behavior
Acts as a base; participates in hydrogen bonds
What are proteins?
Macromolecules (polypeptide) made up of 20 different amino ac…
Each amino acid has the same fundament…
-An alpha carbon with 4 bonds: 1. Hydrogen atom 2. Amino func…
32 terms
Proteins
building blocks ... antibodies... enzymes... si…
catalyst to start chemical reactions
denatured
amino acids
what are the 5 functions of proteins
what is an enzyme
enzymes that are damaged or lose function in extreme conditio…
what are monomers that make up proteins
building blocks ... antibodies... enzymes... si…
what are the 5 functions of proteins
catalyst to start chemical reactions
what is an enzyme
15 terms
Proteins
C, H, O , N & S
Amino Acid
20
Essential Amino Acids
List the 5 elements that are found in protein.
The basic building block (monomer) of a protein is....?
How many amino acids are found in living organisms?
These amino acids are in the foods that we eat.
C, H, O , N & S
List the 5 elements that are found in protein.
Amino Acid
The basic building block (monomer) of a protein is....?
31 terms
Proteins
Amino acid structure
How many amino acids are protein compr…
Peptide bonds
5 groups that amino acids can be group…
20 amino acids
linkages between the a-carboxyl group of one amino acid and t…
Non-polar (hydrophobic)... Polar, uncharged (hydrophilic)... Positi…
Amino acid structure
How many amino acids are protein compr…
20 amino acids
10 terms
Proteins
Beef
Chicken
Turkey
Pork
Beef
Chicken
23 terms
Proteins
Proteins are built up by
Proteins are made of the elements
Amino Acids are composed of
Proteins have a variety of functions.…
Amino Acids
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, & Sulfur (CHONS)
An Amino Group... A Central Carbon (in the middle), which has an…
storage, structure, transport, enzymes*, etc
Proteins are built up by
Amino Acids
Proteins are made of the elements
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, & Sulfur (CHONS)
10 terms
Proteins
Amino Acids
High Quality Protein
Low Quality Protein
Complete Protein sources
Chemical compounds that are the building blocks of protein mo…
AKA complete protein, a food that contains all the essential…
AKA incomplete protein, a food that does not contain all the…
Food from animal sources such as: milk, yogurt, cheese, eggs,…
Amino Acids
Chemical compounds that are the building blocks of protein mo…
High Quality Protein
AKA complete protein, a food that contains all the essential…
57 terms
Proteins
Sources of proteins animals
Sources of proteins plants (vegetable)
Proteins
Proteins contains
Animal sources: Milk (casein) cheese, egg albumin (white), me…
Plant (vegetable): beans, peas, nuts: cashew, almond, walnut,…
Are also called:... 1) building blocks of life... 2)biomolecules of…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Sulfer
Sources of proteins animals
Animal sources: Milk (casein) cheese, egg albumin (white), me…
Sources of proteins plants (vegetable)
Plant (vegetable): beans, peas, nuts: cashew, almond, walnut,…
22 terms
Proteins
Collagen
Elastin
Keratins
Actin
Characteristic trihelical fiber; makes up most of ECM of conn…
Component of the ECM of connective tissue; stretches and reco…
Intermediate filament proteins in epithelial cells; contribut…
Protein that makes up microfilaments and the thin filaments i…
Collagen
Characteristic trihelical fiber; makes up most of ECM of conn…
Elastin
Component of the ECM of connective tissue; stretches and reco…
13 terms
Proteins
Proteins
Amino Acids
peptide bond
enzyme(does not get used up)
Molecules made by connecting amino acids via peptide bonds. P…
Building blocks of protein(monomer
Bonds that connect amino acids.
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
Proteins
Molecules made by connecting amino acids via peptide bonds. P…
Amino Acids
Building blocks of protein(monomer
12 terms
Proteins
amino acid
peptide bond
dipeptide
Polypeptide
the monomers of proteins; each contains an amino group and a…
Formed by condensation reaction between two amino acids.
Two amino acids joined by a peptide bond.
A chain of many amino acids.
amino acid
the monomers of proteins; each contains an amino group and a…
peptide bond
Formed by condensation reaction between two amino acids.
13 terms
Proteins
Protein
Polymer
Monomer
Amino Acid
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Building blocks of protein; forms a wide variety of structures
Protein
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
9 terms
proteins
protein
enzyme
Amino Acids
peptide bond
biological macromolecule composed of one or more chains of am…
catalyst in a biochemical reaction that is usually a complex…
monomers of a protein
bond formed between two amino acids by a dehydration reaction
protein
biological macromolecule composed of one or more chains of am…
enzyme
catalyst in a biochemical reaction that is usually a complex…
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