Study sets matching "proteins"

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Study sets matching "proteins"

23 terms
Proteins
Proteins
Amino acids
Peptide bond
Dipeptide
The polymer of amino acids. Nearly every dynamic function in…
Contains an amine and a carboxyl group and are the monomers o…
A bond between two amino acids through dehydration synthesis.…
Two amino acids linked together. They can be broken apart thr…
Proteins
The polymer of amino acids. Nearly every dynamic function in…
Amino acids
Contains an amine and a carboxyl group and are the monomers o…
11 terms
Proteins
Protein
Polymer
Monomer
Amino Acid
An organic compound that is made of one or more amino acids
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Building blocks of protein
Protein
An organic compound that is made of one or more amino acids
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
12 terms
Proteins
Protein
Polymer
Monomer
Amino Acid
An organic compound that is made of one or more amino acids
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Building blocks of protein
Protein
An organic compound that is made of one or more amino acids
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
22 terms
Proteins
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological catalysts, build and break down molecules
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
amount of energy needed to get a reaction started
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological catalysts, build and break down molecules
catalyst
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
14 terms
Proteins
Protein
Polymer
Monomer
Amino Acid
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Building blocks of protein
Protein
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
28 terms
Proteins
Elements Contained in Proteins
Proteins
Amino Acids
The four parts of an amino acid
Carbon, hydrogen, oxyen and nitrogen
Chain of 10-100,000 amino acids (aa)
Monomer/smallest units of molecules/building blocks of proteins
Carboxyl Group - COOH (acid)... Hydrogen - H... Amine Group - NH₂... R…
Elements Contained in Proteins
Carbon, hydrogen, oxyen and nitrogen
Proteins
Chain of 10-100,000 amino acids (aa)
Proteins
Elements found in Proteins
Monomer of a Protein
# of amino acids
Element in Proteins that's not found i…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
Amino acids
20
Nitrogen
Elements found in Proteins
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
Monomer of a Protein
Amino acids
200 terms
Proteins
proteome
the complete complement of proteins po…
The human proteome is about
the budding yeast proteome is about
All of the types and relative amounts of proteins that are ma…
proteome
32,000 proteins
6,000 proteins
proteome
All of the types and relative amounts of proteins that are ma…
the complete complement of proteins po…
proteome
14 terms
Proteins
Protein
Polymer
Monomer
Amino Acid
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Building blocks of protein
Protein
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
13 terms
Proteins
What is protein
Functions of Proteins : SHAPEE
Protein shape
Denaturation
food polymers... -complete protein: meant, fish, shellfish, eggs…
>Structural Functions... -kertain (hair and nails), collagen (…
-enzymes function b/c the shape of an enzyme fits into a lock…
unfolding of a protein with heat, alkali or acid, so that its…
What is protein
food polymers... -complete protein: meant, fish, shellfish, eggs…
Functions of Proteins : SHAPEE
>Structural Functions... -kertain (hair and nails), collagen (…
23 terms
Proteins
Proteins
Amino acids
Peptide bond
Dipeptide
The polymer of amino acids. Nearly every dynamic function in…
Contains an amine and a carboxyl group and are the monomers o…
A bond between two amino acids through dehydration synthesis.…
Two amino acids linked together. They can be broken apart thr…
Proteins
The polymer of amino acids. Nearly every dynamic function in…
Amino acids
Contains an amine and a carboxyl group and are the monomers o…
39 terms
Proteins
chemistry of protein
structure of amino acid
zwitterions
amino acids
polymers of amino acids
amine group, carboxyl group, R group (side chain)
dipolar ions - has one (+) charge and one (-) charge, so is e…
act as a salt, crystals, highly soluble in water
chemistry of protein
polymers of amino acids
structure of amino acid
amine group, carboxyl group, R group (side chain)
13 terms
Proteins
polypeptide
R-Group
Peptide bond
primary structure
when amino acids bond this is formed
gives the amino acids unique properties
bonds that hold amino acids together between the groups of ca…
amino acids in an order that determines its function
polypeptide
when amino acids bond this is formed
R-Group
gives the amino acids unique properties
15 terms
Proteins
amino acid
peptide bond
dipeptide
Polypeptide
the monomers of proteins; each contains an amino group and a…
Formed by condensation reaction between two amino acids.
Two amino acids joined by a peptide bond.
A chain of many amino acids.
amino acid
the monomers of proteins; each contains an amino group and a…
peptide bond
Formed by condensation reaction between two amino acids.
Proteins
Protein
Polymer
Monomer
Amino Acid
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Building blocks of protein; forms a wide variety of structures
Protein
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
31 terms
Proteins
Proteins
Conformation
Polymerzation
Amino acids
Consist of polymers of amino acids & have a specific conforma…
Shape of a protein... - shape is key in proteins... - the conformat…
The bonding of many small subunits (monomers) to form long mo…
Have an amine group (NH2) on 1 end & a carboxyl group on the…
Proteins
Consist of polymers of amino acids & have a specific conforma…
Conformation
Shape of a protein... - shape is key in proteins... - the conformat…
117 terms
Proteins
What are proteins?
Each amino acid has the same fundament…
Certain atoms or groups of atoms dicta…
Properties of Amino Group
Macromolecules (polypeptide) made up of 20 different amino ac…
-An alpha carbon with 4 bonds: 1. Hydrogen atom 2. Amino func…
Chemical Behavior
Acts as a base; participates in hydrogen bonds
What are proteins?
Macromolecules (polypeptide) made up of 20 different amino ac…
Each amino acid has the same fundament…
-An alpha carbon with 4 bonds: 1. Hydrogen atom 2. Amino func…
proteins
protein
enzyme
Amino Acids
peptide bond
biological macromolecule composed of one or more chains of am…
catalyst in a biochemical reaction that is usually a complex…
monomers of a protein
bond formed between two amino acids by a dehydration reaction
protein
biological macromolecule composed of one or more chains of am…
enzyme
catalyst in a biochemical reaction that is usually a complex…
27 terms
Proteins
Proteome Project
Human Genome Project
amino acids
alpha carbon
An ongoing international collaborative effort to catalog prot…
A completed international collaborative effort to map and seq…
building blocks of proteins. There are 20 amino acids.
carbon directly in the middle of an amino acid
Proteome Project
An ongoing international collaborative effort to catalog prot…
Human Genome Project
A completed international collaborative effort to map and seq…
20 terms
Proteins
Protein Atoms
Amino Acid
R Group
Peptide Bond
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sometimes sulfur
The monomer of a protein
A variable group of atoms found in amino acids that makes one…
A chemical bond that forms between two amino acids during deh…
Protein Atoms
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sometimes sulfur
Amino Acid
The monomer of a protein
57 terms
Proteins
Sources of proteins animals
Sources of proteins plants (vegetable)
Proteins
Proteins contains
Animal sources: Milk (casein) cheese, egg albumin (white), me…
Plant (vegetable): beans, peas, nuts: cashew, almond, walnut,…
Are also called:... 1) building blocks of life... 2)biomolecules of…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Sulfer
Sources of proteins animals
Animal sources: Milk (casein) cheese, egg albumin (white), me…
Sources of proteins plants (vegetable)
Plant (vegetable): beans, peas, nuts: cashew, almond, walnut,…
18 terms
Proteins
The monomer of a protein
The polymer of a protein
Amino acids are connected by:
Foods high in protein
Amino acid
polypeptide
peptide bonds
meat, eggs, nuts, dairy
The monomer of a protein
Amino acid
The polymer of a protein
polypeptide
Proteins
amino acids
peptide bond
amino group
carboxyl group
monomers of proteins
covalent bond created between amino acids
group of the amino acid which contains nitrogen
group of the amino acid which contains the carboxyl group (ac…
amino acids
monomers of proteins
peptide bond
covalent bond created between amino acids
28 terms
Proteins
Elements Contained in Proteins
Proteins
Amino Acids
The four parts of an amino acid
Carbon, hydrogen, oxyen and nitrogen
Chain of 10-100,000 amino acids (aa)
Monomer/smallest units of molecules/building blocks of proteins
Carboxyl Group - COOH (acid)... Hydrogen - H... Amine Group - NH₂... R…
Elements Contained in Proteins
Carbon, hydrogen, oxyen and nitrogen
Proteins
Chain of 10-100,000 amino acids (aa)
32 terms
Proteins
Polymer
Monomer
Amino Acid
Dipeptide
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Building blocks of protein
2 amino acids joined together
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Monomer
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Proteins
Elements Contained in Proteins
Proteins
Amino Acids
The four parts of an amino acid
Carbon, hydrogen, oxyen and nitrogen
polypeptide chain of 10-100,000 amino acids (aa)
Monomer/smallest units of molecules/building blocks of proteins
Carboxyl Group - COOH (acid)... Hydrogen - H... Amine Group - NH₂... R…
Elements Contained in Proteins
Carbon, hydrogen, oxyen and nitrogen
Proteins
polypeptide chain of 10-100,000 amino acids (aa)
Proteins
Protein
amino acids
Nitrogen
Peptide Bond
an organic molecule with many important functions; the main s…
organic molecules that are the monomers of proteins
an element found in amino acids and proteins but is NOT found…
the covalent bond between the amino acids in a protein
Protein
an organic molecule with many important functions; the main s…
amino acids
organic molecules that are the monomers of proteins
21 terms
Proteins
Protein
Polymer
Monomer
Amino Acid
An organic compound that is made of one or more amino acids
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Building blocks of protein
Protein
An organic compound that is made of one or more amino acids
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
31 terms
Proteins
El atún
El bacón
El bistec
La salchicha
tuna
bacon
steak
sausage
El atún
tuna
El bacón
bacon
Proteins
Protein
Polymer
Monomer
Amino Acid
An organic compound that is made of one or more amino acids
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Building blocks of protein
Protein
An organic compound that is made of one or more amino acids
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
16 terms
Proteins
Primary Structure
Secondary Structure
Tertiary Structure
Quaternary Structure
The chain of amino acids of a protein ; connected by peptide…
Alpha helix or Beta pleated sheets; formed with hydrogen bonds
The 3D shape of a protein (folds based on order of AA, hydrog…
More than one polypeptide chain
Primary Structure
The chain of amino acids of a protein ; connected by peptide…
Secondary Structure
Alpha helix or Beta pleated sheets; formed with hydrogen bonds
Proteins
activation energy
active site
amino acid
antibodies
the minimum quantity of energy that the reacting molecule mus…
a region on an enzyme that binds to a protein or other substa…
Any of a large number of compounds found in living cells that…
a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a s…
activation energy
the minimum quantity of energy that the reacting molecule mus…
active site
a region on an enzyme that binds to a protein or other substa…
18 terms
Proteins
Build and repair
4
Small and lean
8
The primary function of protein.
Protein provides this number of calories per gram.
Try to keep meat and poultry portions like this.
The amount of ounces recommended of seafood per week.
Build and repair
The primary function of protein.
4
Protein provides this number of calories per gram.
Proteins
Examples of functions of proteins with…
The general structure of an amino acid
Reaction that joins amino acids, formi…
Primary structure
enzymes, making new cells and membranes, antibodies
central carbon bonded to R group, amino group, carboxyl group…
condensation (releases water)
sequence of amino acids (20 different types) joined by peptid…
Examples of functions of proteins with…
enzymes, making new cells and membranes, antibodies
The general structure of an amino acid
central carbon bonded to R group, amino group, carboxyl group…
16 terms
Proteins
Which isomers of amino acids are found…
What kind of functional groups are fou…
What kind of functional groups are fou…
Every amino acid has at least how many…
L-isomers
They have NH2 groups when protonated become NH3+. Some side c…
They contain carboxylic acid groups at the end of the side ch…
2 protons (on N and C terminus)
Which isomers of amino acids are found…
L-isomers
What kind of functional groups are fou…
They have NH2 groups when protonated become NH3+. Some side c…
14 terms
Proteins
Protein
Polymer
Monomer
Amino Acid
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Building blocks of protein
Protein
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
26 terms
Proteins
Protein Functions
Amino Acid Structure
How many different commonly isolated a…
Zwitterion
Enzymes... Defense... Transport... Regulation... Structure... Movement... Storage
Amine (-NH2) attached to the alpha carbon of a carboxylic aci…
20
net neutral (equal positive/negative charges) at pH 7
Protein Functions
Enzymes... Defense... Transport... Regulation... Structure... Movement... Storage
Amino Acid Structure
Amine (-NH2) attached to the alpha carbon of a carboxylic aci…
Proteins
Build and repair
4
Small and lean
Amino acids
The primary function of protein.
Protein provides this number of calories per gram.
Try to keep meat and poultry portions like this.
The building blocks of protein.
Build and repair
The primary function of protein.
4
Protein provides this number of calories per gram.
Proteins
Elements Contained in Proteins
Proteins
Amino Acids
The four parts of an amino acid
Carbon, hydrogen, oxyen and nitrogen
Chain of 10-100,000 amino acids (aa)
Monomer/smallest units of molecules/building blocks of proteins
Carboxyl Group - COOH (acid)... Hydrogen - H... Amine Group - NH₂... R…
Elements Contained in Proteins
Carbon, hydrogen, oxyen and nitrogen
Proteins
Chain of 10-100,000 amino acids (aa)
13 terms
Proteins
Amino Acids
Carboxyl Group
Amino Group
peptide bond
subunits of proteins
Acidic functional group on an amino acid. It donates the hydo…
The NH3+ functional group on an amino acid. It donates an H+…
The bond between amino acids.
Amino Acids
subunits of proteins
Carboxyl Group
Acidic functional group on an amino acid. It donates the hydo…
34 terms
proteins
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
Biological Function
Deficiency
Macronutrient
Minimum amount of energy required to maintain body temp. (37'…
The function / job of a nutrient in the body.
A lack of a substance / nutrient. It can lead to illness.
A nutrient needed in large amounts (protein, carbohydrate, li…
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
Minimum amount of energy required to maintain body temp. (37'…
Biological Function
The function / job of a nutrient in the body.
19 terms
Proteins
what is the process of making a protein?
what make up proteins?
How do amino acids link to form protei…
how is the process of protein synthesi…
DNA is transcribed into mRNA which contains codons that code…
amino acids
amino acids are linked together by condensation reactions to…
Specific parts of DNA code for particular polypeptides, cells…
what is the process of making a protein?
DNA is transcribed into mRNA which contains codons that code…
what make up proteins?
amino acids
Proteins
building blocks ... antibodies... enzymes... si…
catalyst to start chemical reactions
denatured
amino acids
what are the 5 functions of proteins
what is an enzyme
enzymes that are damaged or lose function in extreme conditio…
what are monomers that make up proteins
building blocks ... antibodies... enzymes... si…
what are the 5 functions of proteins
catalyst to start chemical reactions
what is an enzyme
Proteins
C, H, O , N & S
Amino Acid
20
Essential Amino Acids
List the 5 elements that are found in protein.
The basic building block (monomer) of a protein is....?
How many amino acids are found in living organisms?
These amino acids are in the foods that we eat.
C, H, O , N & S
List the 5 elements that are found in protein.
Amino Acid
The basic building block (monomer) of a protein is....?
9 terms
Proteins
Protein
Amino acids
Dipeptide
Protein synthesis
Polymers that contain Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and…
20 common, essential and non-essential. Contain amine group,c…
2 or more amino acids joined together by a peptide bond throu…
Occurs on ribosomes of cell and series of condensation reacti…
Protein
Polymers that contain Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and…
Amino acids
20 common, essential and non-essential. Contain amine group,c…
Proteins
What are proteins?
How many levels are there of proteins?
What is the primary structure?
How is the secondary structure formed?
Chains of amino acids linked by peptide bonds formed by dehyd…
4
A polypeptide chain of amino acids
Hydrogen bonds form between the hydrogen on the amino group a…
What are proteins?
Chains of amino acids linked by peptide bonds formed by dehyd…
How many levels are there of proteins?
4
17 terms
Proteins
When choosing red meats to eat you sho…
List two examples of complementary pro…
Essential means..
Another name for protein is..
the lean cuts
Grilled Cheese... Beans and rice... Tofu and rice... Hummus with pita…
You need to get those proteins from your diet
Amino Acids
When choosing red meats to eat you sho…
the lean cuts
List two examples of complementary pro…
Grilled Cheese... Beans and rice... Tofu and rice... Hummus with pita…
12 terms
Proteins
amino acid
peptide bond
dipeptide
Polypeptide
the monomers of proteins; each contains an amino group and a…
Formed by condensation reaction between two amino acids.
Two amino acids joined by a peptide bond.
A chain of many amino acids.
amino acid
the monomers of proteins; each contains an amino group and a…
peptide bond
Formed by condensation reaction between two amino acids.
39 terms
Proteins
What are the four levels of structural…
What is a secondary structure
What determines the function of a prot…
What are Globular proteins
-Primary structure... -Secondary structure... -Tertiary structure... -…
Recurring structures (alpha-helix or beta-sheet) that form in…
Presence of amino acid side chain in a particular position in…
Globular proteins are soluble in aqueous medium and resemble…
What are the four levels of structural…
-Primary structure... -Secondary structure... -Tertiary structure... -…
What is a secondary structure
Recurring structures (alpha-helix or beta-sheet) that form in…
32 terms
Proteins
Types of proteins
Function of enzymatic proteins
Function of storage proteins
Function of hormonal proteins
enzymatic... storage... hormonal... contractile and motor... defensive... tr…
selective acceleration of chemical reactions
storage of amino acids
coordination of an organism's activities
Types of proteins
enzymatic... storage... hormonal... contractile and motor... defensive... tr…
Function of enzymatic proteins
selective acceleration of chemical reactions
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