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Study sets matching "psy2012"

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Study sets matching "psy2012"

48 terms
Psychology 2012
Structuralism
Functionalism
Behaviorism
Humanism
-Wundt.... - Leipzig, Germany. ... -1st Branch science.... - Introspec…
-William James. ... -Tried to figure out more evolved functions…
-Skinner/Watson... - Redefined Psychology as "the scientific stu…
-Rogers/Maslow... -Found Freudian psychology and behaviorism too…
Structuralism
-Wundt.... - Leipzig, Germany. ... -1st Branch science.... - Introspec…
Functionalism
-William James. ... -Tried to figure out more evolved functions…
48 terms
Psychology 2012
Structuralism
Functionalism
Behaviorism
Humanism
-Wundt.... - Leipzig, Germany. ... -1st Branch science.... - Introspec…
-William James. ... -Tried to figure out more evolved functions…
-Skinner/Watson... - Redefined Psychology as "the scientific stu…
-Rogers/Maslow... -Found Freudian psychology and behaviorism too…
Structuralism
-Wundt.... - Leipzig, Germany. ... -1st Branch science.... - Introspec…
Functionalism
-William James. ... -Tried to figure out more evolved functions…
42 terms
Psychology 2012
motive
emotions
extrinsic
MASLOW
specific need or desire ... directs behavior ... arouses organism
feelings... 8:... fear surprise sadness disgust joy anger acceptanc…
external: money, grades, ribbon,job experience
heirarachy of needs ; power, achievement, esteem, love and be…
motive
specific need or desire ... directs behavior ... arouses organism
emotions
feelings... 8:... fear surprise sadness disgust joy anger acceptanc…
74 terms
Psychology 2012
Historical Roots Order
Order of terms
neuroscience
biological influence
Wilheim Wundt, William James, Sigmund Freud, Watson & Skinner
Structuralism, Functionalism, Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism
how the body and brain creates emotions
genetic
Historical Roots Order
Wilheim Wundt, William James, Sigmund Freud, Watson & Skinner
Order of terms
Structuralism, Functionalism, Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism
23 terms
Psychology 2012
Neuron
Mirror neurons
Sensory (afferent) neurons
Motor (efferent) neurons
Individual cells that are the smallest unit of the nervous sy…
Specialized neurons that respond when we observe others perfo…
Sends signals from the sense organs to the spinal cord or brain
Sends signals from spinal cord/brain to muscles and glands
Neuron
Individual cells that are the smallest unit of the nervous sy…
Mirror neurons
Specialized neurons that respond when we observe others perfo…
84 terms
psychology 2012
dualism
the role of Law of Association by cont…
central arguemnts of nativist positions
Descriptive, Correlational, and Experi…
the theory that two distinct systems -material body and immat…
If a person experineces two enviromental events (stimuli, or…
born with set of knowledge/stuck with character due to genetic.
Descriptive: Describe the behavior of an individal or set of…
dualism
the theory that two distinct systems -material body and immat…
the role of Law of Association by cont…
If a person experineces two enviromental events (stimuli, or…
36 terms
Psychology 2012 sf
consciousness
circadian rhythm
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep
alpha waves
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep; a recurring sleep stage during whic…
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state.
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
Psychology 2012 Chapter 1
Psychology
Scientific method
Structuralism
Functionalism
Scientific study of the behavior of humans and other animals
Careful observation of events in the world the formulation of…
Approach to psychology that attempted to break down experienc…
Approach to psychology that emphasized the functional practic…
Psychology
Scientific study of the behavior of humans and other animals
Scientific method
Careful observation of events in the world the formulation of…
Psychology 2012 Chapter 2
Theory
Hypothesis
Replication studies
Case study
Logical explanation for all of the relevant data scientists h…
Statement proposing existence of a relationship between varia…
Research to confirm previous findings so others can repeat an…
Research method that involves in depth study of one or more s…
Theory
Logical explanation for all of the relevant data scientists h…
Hypothesis
Statement proposing existence of a relationship between varia…
122 terms
General Psychology - PSY2012
Psychology
Wilhelm Wundt
Objective introspection
Edward Titchener
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
1832-1920, Physiologist, Father of psychology, came up with o…
The process of objectively examining and measuring one's own…
1867-1927, Wundt's student, expanded Wundt's ideas to form St…
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
Wilhelm Wundt
1832-1920, Physiologist, Father of psychology, came up with o…
46 terms
PSYCHOLOGY 2012 CHAPTER 8
DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
MATURATION
CRITICAL PERIOD
CROSS SECTIONAL METHOD
a field of psychology that examines physical, cognitive and s…
physical growth from beginning with conception and ending whe…
specific time frame in which an organism is sensitive to envi…
a research design that examines people of different ages at a…
DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
a field of psychology that examines physical, cognitive and s…
MATURATION
physical growth from beginning with conception and ending whe…
66 terms
Psychology 2012: Chapter 13
Social psychology
Need-to-belong theory
Cingulate cortex
Social comparison theory
The study of how people influence others behaviors, beliefs,…
We humans have a biological need for interpersonal connection…
Brain region that becomes active during physical pain
We evaluate ur abilities and beliefs by comparing them with t…
Social psychology
The study of how people influence others behaviors, beliefs,…
Need-to-belong theory
We humans have a biological need for interpersonal connection…
72 terms
Psychology 2012: Chapter 4
Illusion
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Perception in which the way we perceive a stimulus doesn't ma…
Detection of physical energy by sense organs, which then send…
The brain's interpretation of raw sensory inputs
The process of converting an external energy or substance int…
Illusion
Perception in which the way we perceive a stimulus doesn't ma…
Sensation
Detection of physical energy by sense organs, which then send…
29 terms
PSYCHOLOGY 2012 CHAPTER 1
BEHAVIORISM
HUMANISTIC
COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY
the scientific study of oberservable behavior
the belief that humans are generally positive and gravitate t…
examines mental process that direct behavior focusing on conc…
the branch of psychology that focuses on behavior in terms of…
BEHAVIORISM
the scientific study of oberservable behavior
HUMANISTIC
the belief that humans are generally positive and gravitate t…
80 terms
Psychology 2012: Chapter 7
Memory
Memory illusion
Sensory memory
Ionic memory
Retention of information overtime
False but subjectively compelling memory
Brief storage of perceptual information before it is past to…
Visual sensory memory
Memory
Retention of information overtime
Memory illusion
False but subjectively compelling memory
43 terms
Psychology 2012: Chapter 5
Sleep paralysis
Consciousness
Circadian rhythm
Biological clock
State of being unable to move just after falling asleep or ri…
Our subjective experience of the world, our bodies, and our m…
Cyclical changes that occur on our roughly 24-hour basis in m…
Term for the area of the hypothalamus that's responsible for…
Sleep paralysis
State of being unable to move just after falling asleep or ri…
Consciousness
Our subjective experience of the world, our bodies, and our m…
105 terms
Psychology 2012: Chapter 3
Neurons
Dendrites
Axons
Synaptic vesicles
Nerve cells specialized for communication
Portion of the neuron that receives signals (cell phones rece…
Portion of the neuron that sends signals; transmitters
Spherical sack containing neurotransmitters
Neurons
Nerve cells specialized for communication
Dendrites
Portion of the neuron that receives signals (cell phones rece…
44 terms
Psychology 2012: Chapter 12
Stress
What is a traumatic event?
Stress as a stimuli
Stress as a response
The tension, discomfort, or physical symptoms that arise when…
A stressor
An approach that recognizes different types of stressful even…
An approach that recognizes people psychological and physical…
Stress
The tension, discomfort, or physical symptoms that arise when…
What is a traumatic event?
A stressor
36 terms
PSYCHOLOGY 2012 CHAPTER 7
COGNITION
THINKING
CONCEPTS
FORMAL CONCEPTS
the mental activity associated with obtaining, converting and…
mental activity associated with coming to a decision, reachin…
mental representations of categories of objects situations an…
the mental representations of categories that are created thr…
COGNITION
the mental activity associated with obtaining, converting and…
THINKING
mental activity associated with coming to a decision, reachin…
79 terms
Psychology 2012: Chapter 7
Memory
Memory illusion
Sensory memory
Ionic memory
Retention of information overtime
False but subjectively compelling memory
Brief storage of perceptual information before it is past to…
Visual sensory memory
Memory
Retention of information overtime
Memory illusion
False but subjectively compelling memory
57 terms
PSYCHOLOGY 2012 CHAPTER 2
NEUROSCIENCE
BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY
NEURONS
CELL BODY
the study of the brain and the nervous system
the subfield of psychology concerned with understanding how t…
-nerve cells ... -"resting potential" when not activated
-also called soma ... -contains nucleus, DNA, protein producing…
NEUROSCIENCE
the study of the brain and the nervous system
BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY
the subfield of psychology concerned with understanding how t…
34 terms
PSYCHOLOGY 2012 CHAPTER 5
LEARNING
HABITUATION
STIMULUS
OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING
a relatively enduring change in behavior or thinking that res…
a basic form of learning evident when an organism does not re…
an event or occurence that generally leads to a response
learning by watching and imitating
LEARNING
a relatively enduring change in behavior or thinking that res…
HABITUATION
a basic form of learning evident when an organism does not re…
68 terms
Psychology 2012: Chapter 1
Psychology
Levels of analysis
Multiply determined
The mind is just the brain...
The scientific study of the mind, the brain, and behavior
Rungs on a ladder of analysis, with lower levels tied most cl…
Caused by many factors
In action
Psychology
The scientific study of the mind, the brain, and behavior
Levels of analysis
Rungs on a ladder of analysis, with lower levels tied most cl…
34 terms
PSYCHOLOGY 2012 CHAPTER 3
SENSATION
PERCEPTION
TRANSDUCTION
DATA BASED PROCESSING
the process by which sensory organs in the eyes, ears, nose,…
the organizations and interpretation of sensory stimuli by th…
the process of transforming stimuli by brain
basic sensory information taken by the brain for further inte…
SENSATION
the process by which sensory organs in the eyes, ears, nose,…
PERCEPTION
the organizations and interpretation of sensory stimuli by th…
46 terms
PSYCHOLOGY 2012 CHAPTER 6
MEMORY
ENCODING
3 TYPES OF MEMORY
SENSORY MEMORY
information collected and stored in the brain that is general…
the process of accessing memories that have been encoded and…
-sensory memory ... -short term memory ... -long term memory
holds a great amount of input for a very short period of time
MEMORY
information collected and stored in the brain that is general…
ENCODING
the process of accessing memories that have been encoded and…
23 terms
Psychology 2012 ch 3
Limbic System
Cerebral cortex
Four lobes of the cerebral cortex
frontal lobe
The reptilian and paleomammilian brain make up this system. T…
"Neomammalism brain" involved in planning, self-awareness and…
-frontal lobe... -occipital lobe... -temporal lobe... -parietal lobe…
responsible for associating or connecting different kinds of…
Limbic System
The reptilian and paleomammilian brain make up this system. T…
Cerebral cortex
"Neomammalism brain" involved in planning, self-awareness and…
55 terms
Psychology 2012 Ch 4
What are the five sense organs?
Sensory-receptor cells
Sensation
perception
-eyes... -ears... -tongue... -nose... -skin
transform physical energy or info into neural info
physical energy stimulate our sense organs and is transmitted…
when the brain organizes and interprets the sensations
What are the five sense organs?
-eyes... -ears... -tongue... -nose... -skin
Sensory-receptor cells
transform physical energy or info into neural info
83 terms
Psychology 2012: Chapter 10
Developmental psychology
Post hoc fallacy
Bidirectional influences
Unidirectional influences
Study of how behavior changes over the lifespan
False assumption that because one event occurred before anoth…
A two-way street "two arrows" (hypothetically speaking)
A one way street "one arrow" (hypothetically speaking)
Developmental psychology
Study of how behavior changes over the lifespan
Post hoc fallacy
False assumption that because one event occurred before anoth…
15 terms
Psychology 2012 Ch 2
Scientific method
Theory
hypothesis
Variable
includes four broad steps:... -Having a question... -Articulate a s…
Organized set of assumptions premises based on logic, observa…
A prediction that is specific which can be put to the test
Anything that varies
Scientific method
includes four broad steps:... -Having a question... -Articulate a s…
Theory
Organized set of assumptions premises based on logic, observa…
28 terms
PSYCHOLOGY 2012 CHAPTER 4
CONSCIOUSNESS
COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
AUTOMATIC PROCESSING
SELECTIVE ATTENTION
the state of being aware of ones self, ones thoughts, and/or…
the scientist study of consciousness experiences including th…
allows information to be collected and solved little to no co…
the ability to focus awareness on a small segment of informat…
CONSCIOUSNESS
the state of being aware of ones self, ones thoughts, and/or…
COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
the scientist study of consciousness experiences including th…
720 terms
Psychology- psy2012
A researcher who performs a previous s…
A hypothesis is a _____.
SQ4R stands for ___________________.
_____ are manipulated; _____ are measu…
a replication of studies
specific prediction about how one variable is related to anot…
survey, question, read, recite, review, write
IVs; DVs
A researcher who performs a previous s…
a replication of studies
A hypothesis is a _____.
specific prediction about how one variable is related to anot…
100 terms
Psychology 2012: Chapter 6
Learning
Sensitization
Habituation
Classical conditioning
Change in an organisms behavior or thought as a result of exp…
Responding more strongly to a stimuli that is dangerous, anno…
Process of responding less strongly overtime to repeated stim…
Form of learning in which animals come to respond to a previo…
Learning
Change in an organisms behavior or thought as a result of exp…
Sensitization
Responding more strongly to a stimuli that is dangerous, anno…
142 terms
Psychology 2012 Exam 1
the scientific study of the mind, brai…
internal, subjective experiences: sens…
Any activity that can be observed, rec…
Social, behavioral, mental, neurologic…
Psychology
Mind (mental process)
Behavior
psychology and levels of analysis
the scientific study of the mind, brai…
Psychology
internal, subjective experiences: sens…
Mind (mental process)
30 terms
Psy 2012 Abnormal Psychology
Evolutionary psychology
Facial feedback effect
Paul Ekman
Universal recognition of emotional exp…
based on work of Charles Darwin... - natural selection favors tr…
facial movement and expressions can influence attitude and em…
pioneer in the study of emotions and their relation to facial…
humans experience a small number of distinct emotions, even i…
Evolutionary psychology
based on work of Charles Darwin... - natural selection favors tr…
Facial feedback effect
facial movement and expressions can influence attitude and em…
34 terms
PSY 2012 Developmental Psychology
sensorimotor stage
object permanence
Assimilation
Accomodation
when infants learn that there is a relationship between their…
when an infant realizes that objects continue to exist even w…
incorporating new info into existing schemas
is the changes in existing schemas as a result of exposure to…
sensorimotor stage
when infants learn that there is a relationship between their…
object permanence
when an infant realizes that objects continue to exist even w…
38 terms
psychology 2012 exam questions!
You are at a lecture about the history…
Sigmund Freud's theory of the unconsci…
In what way might a behaviorist disagr…
Dr. Marco explains to a client that hi…
Structuralism was based on the results of his introspection e…
depends on the idea that humans can remember events but not b…
A behaviorist might state that aggression is caused by past r…
cognitive
You are at a lecture about the history…
Structuralism was based on the results of his introspection e…
Sigmund Freud's theory of the unconsci…
depends on the idea that humans can remember events but not b…
52 terms
Psychology 2012: Chapter 11
Emotion
Discrete emotions theory
Primary emotions
Display rules
Mental state or feeling associated with our evaluation of our…
Theory that humans experience a small number of distinct emot…
Small number (perhaps 7) of emotions believed by some theoris…
Cross-cultural guidelines for how and when to express emotions
Emotion
Mental state or feeling associated with our evaluation of our…
Discrete emotions theory
Theory that humans experience a small number of distinct emot…
28 terms
Psychology 2012: Chapter 16
Psychotherapy
Paraprofessional
Insight therapies
Humanistic therapies
Psychological intervention designed to help people resolve em…
Person with no professional training who provides mental heal…
Psychotherapies, including psychodynamic, humanistic, and gro…
Therapies that emphasize the development of human potential a…
Psychotherapy
Psychological intervention designed to help people resolve em…
Paraprofessional
Person with no professional training who provides mental heal…
48 terms
Psychology 2012: Chapter 15
Demonic model
Medical model
Asylum
Moral treatment
View of mental illness in which behaving oddly, hearing voice…
View of mental illness as due to physical disorder requiring…
Institution for people with mental illnesses created in the 1…
Approach to mental illness calling for dignity, kindness, and…
Demonic model
View of mental illness in which behaving oddly, hearing voice…
Medical model
View of mental illness as due to physical disorder requiring…
48 terms
Psychology 2012: Chapter 8
Conscientiousness
Cognitive economy
Cognitive misers
Thinking
The personality trait of being thorough, careful, or vigilant…
The combined simplicity and relevance of a categorization sch…
Humans find different ways to save time and effort when negot…
Any mental activity or processing of information, including l…
Conscientiousness
The personality trait of being thorough, careful, or vigilant…
Cognitive economy
The combined simplicity and relevance of a categorization sch…
43 terms
Psychology 2012: Chapter 9
Intelligence test
Abstract thinking
g (general intelligence)
s (specific abilities)
Diagnostic tool designed to measure overall thinking ability
Capacity to understand hypothetical concepts
Hypothetical factor that counts for overall differences in in…
Particular ability level in a narrow domain
Intelligence test
Diagnostic tool designed to measure overall thinking ability
Abstract thinking
Capacity to understand hypothetical concepts
55 terms
Psychology 2012: Chapter 14
Personality
Trait
Nomotheitc approach
Idiographic approach
People's typical ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving
Relatively enduring predisposition that influences our behavi…
Approach to personality that focuses on identifying general l…
Approach to personality that focuses on identifying the uniqu…
Personality
People's typical ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving
Trait
Relatively enduring predisposition that influences our behavi…
67 terms
Psychology 2012: Chapter 2
Malingering
What are the advantages and disadvanta…
What are the advantages and disadvanta…
Halo effect
The tendency to make ourselves appear psychologically disturb…
Advantages: easy to administer... Disadvantages: some respondent…
Advantages: accurate; better that an observer can see and wri…
The tendency of ratings of one positive characteristic to "sp…
Malingering
The tendency to make ourselves appear psychologically disturb…
What are the advantages and disadvanta…
Advantages: easy to administer... Disadvantages: some respondent…
41 terms
Psy 2012 Social Psychology
social psychology
attribution theory
dispositional vs situational attributi…
fundamental attribution error (FAE)
the branch of psychology that deals with social interactions,…
suggests how we explain someone's behavior
-DISPOSITIONAL: people infer that an event or a person's beha…
tendency to underestimate the situational influence behind an…
social psychology
the branch of psychology that deals with social interactions,…
attribution theory
suggests how we explain someone's behavior
20 terms
Psy 2012 Psychological Disorders
psychological disorder
medical model vs. bio-psycho-social mo…
DSM-5
anxiety disorders
"harmful dysfunction" in which behavior is judged to be:... -aty…
medical model: concept that diseases have physical causes tha…
a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders
distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive (more harmful…
psychological disorder
"harmful dysfunction" in which behavior is judged to be:... -aty…
medical model vs. bio-psycho-social mo…
medical model: concept that diseases have physical causes tha…
22 terms
General Psychology (PSY-2012)
'conservation' according to Piaget
Erikson's 'identity confusion'
cognitive development
Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Is part of the concrete operational stage and states that the…
individuals either withdraw and become isolated from friends…
how thought, intelligence, and language processes change as p…
two processes: ... assimilation: when individuals incorporate ne…
'conservation' according to Piaget
Is part of the concrete operational stage and states that the…
Erikson's 'identity confusion'
individuals either withdraw and become isolated from friends…
33 terms
Social Psychology PSY 2012
social psychology
think about =
influence =
relate =
scientific study of how people influence our behavior, belief…
social thinking
social influence
social relations
social psychology
scientific study of how people influence our behavior, belief…
think about =
social thinking
39 terms
psychology 2012 exam 3
hunger VMH
hunger LH
rumination
genotype
turns on go have us stop eating
turns on so we know its time to eart
bulimia
XY or XX
hunger VMH
turns on go have us stop eating
hunger LH
turns on so we know its time to eart
Psychology 2012 EXAM 1
How was psychology born?
Structuralism
Functionalism
Darwin
...
...
...
...
How was psychology born?
...
Structuralism
...
10 terms
PSY 2012 Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Dispositional Attributions
Situational Attributions
Fundamental Attribution Error
tend to credit behaviuor to either the person of the situation
Cause is internal to the person
Cause is external to the person
overestimating dispositional factors, underestimating situati…
Attribution Theory
tend to credit behaviuor to either the person of the situation
Dispositional Attributions
Cause is internal to the person
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