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Study sets matching "psych 111"

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Study sets matching "psych 111"

21 terms
Psychology 111
Wilhelm Wundt
Rene Descartes
John Locke
Edward Titchener
1879 founder of first psychology lab in Germany ... Introspection
Nativist, ... philosopher, ... 16-17th century
Empiricism, ... philosopher, ... 16-17th century
Founded Structuralism... American... Studied under Wundt
Wilhelm Wundt
1879 founder of first psychology lab in Germany ... Introspection
Rene Descartes
Nativist, ... philosopher, ... 16-17th century
139 terms
Psychology 111
Neurons
Cell Body
Dendrites
Axon
the basic building blocks of the nervous system... They receive…
largest part of the neuron, coordinates the information proce…
receive info from other neuron and relay it to the res of the…
transmits information to other neurons, muscles, or glands
Neurons
the basic building blocks of the nervous system... They receive…
Cell Body
largest part of the neuron, coordinates the information proce…
150 terms
Psychology 111
Dualism
Monism
Freewill
Determinism
-mind is separate from the brain but somehow controls the bra…
-conscious experience is inseparable from the physical brain
-Behavior is your choice
-Behavior is based on certain causes, people tend to believe…
Dualism
-mind is separate from the brain but somehow controls the bra…
Monism
-conscious experience is inseparable from the physical brain
59 terms
Psychology 111 Chapter 3
Natural selection
Genotype
Phenotype
Heredity
Darwin's theory that favorable adaptations to features of the…
Genetic structure an organism inherits from its parents (gene…
Observable characteristics of an organism, resulting from the…
The biological transmission of traits form parents to offspring
Natural selection
Darwin's theory that favorable adaptations to features of the…
Genotype
Genetic structure an organism inherits from its parents (gene…
85 terms
Psychology 111 chapter 4
sensation
perception
psychophysics
perceptual principles
stimulation of sense organs
selection, organization, and interpretation of sensory imput
study of how physical stimuli are translated into psychologic…
help us perceive our world effectively and efficentely
sensation
stimulation of sense organs
perception
selection, organization, and interpretation of sensory imput
183 terms
Psychology 111
Confirmation Bias
Hindsight Bias
Overconfidence
Three Main Components of Scientific At…
A tendency to search for info that supports our preconception…
The "I knew it all along phenomenon"
The tendency to be more confident than correct-to overestimat…
1. Curiosity 2.Empirical Research 3. Humility
Confirmation Bias
A tendency to search for info that supports our preconception…
Hindsight Bias
The "I knew it all along phenomenon"
33 terms
Psychology 111
Structuralism
Structuralism
Structuralism
Structuralism
Way you think*
identify structures of human mind*
sensation and perception*
introspection*
Structuralism
Way you think*
Structuralism
identify structures of human mind*
74 terms
Psychology 111
As psychologists we
Biological psychologists have the prob…
Behavioral psychologists see the probl…
Psychodynamic psychologists see the pr…
Look at individuals and use different lenses to look at the w…
Problems: chemical imbalances, short synapses; food; nutritio…
Problems: Associations, reinforcements, reported substance ab…
Problems: Childhood trauma, "kill it, have sex with it, or ig…
As psychologists we
Look at individuals and use different lenses to look at the w…
Biological psychologists have the prob…
Problems: chemical imbalances, short synapses; food; nutritio…
145 terms
Psychology 111
Memory
3 Key Functions of Memory
How are memories made?
Encoding
The ability to store and retrieve information from the past
Encoding, storage, and retrieval
Combining previously known information with new info... They are…
the process of turning perceptions into memories
Memory
The ability to store and retrieve information from the past
3 Key Functions of Memory
Encoding, storage, and retrieval
20 terms
psychology 111
Define developmental stage
the sociocultural context
collectivist cultures
individualist cultures
a discrete period of the lifespan during which predictable ch…
-historical views of childhood ... -cultural influences on child…
a culture where group takes precedence over the individual
a culture where competition predominates over cooperation; an…
Define developmental stage
a discrete period of the lifespan during which predictable ch…
the sociocultural context
-historical views of childhood ... -cultural influences on child…
30 terms
Psychology 111
Medieval Muslims physicians
Drank Joseph Gall
Dualism
Judeo- Christian Tradition
Developed methods aimed to treat patients suffering from "dis…
Thought brain and mind were linked but by size rather then gl…
How do the body and mind communicate with eachother?
Dead Sea scrolls, note the division of human nature into two…
Medieval Muslims physicians
Developed methods aimed to treat patients suffering from "dis…
Drank Joseph Gall
Thought brain and mind were linked but by size rather then gl…
45 terms
Psychology 111
Contemporary Approaches
3 periods of brain development
Medulla
Cerebellum
• Biological... • Behavioral... • Psychodynamic... • Humanistic... • Cogn…
-Hind brain (early and relative to animals)... -Behavior (animal…
-breathing, heart rate, and vital reflexes
walking, helps control balance and coordinated muscle movements
Contemporary Approaches
• Biological... • Behavioral... • Psychodynamic... • Humanistic... • Cogn…
3 periods of brain development
-Hind brain (early and relative to animals)... -Behavior (animal…
54 terms
Psychology 111
Name & describe the 4 premises of evol…
Sociobiology
Gestalt
Behaviourism
1. Variation... -indiv. species differ... 2. Selective Advantage…
Developed by Wilson... Current... Perspective: evolutionary theory…
Developed by Kohler... Current... Perspective: holistic (opposite o…
Developed by Watson... Current... Perspective: behaviourism... Techniq…
Name & describe the 4 premises of evol…
1. Variation... -indiv. species differ... 2. Selective Advantage…
Sociobiology
Developed by Wilson... Current... Perspective: evolutionary theory…
117 terms
Psychology 111
Gestalt Psychology
William Wundt
Titchener
William James
focuses on perception and sensation, particularly the percept…
objective introspection (the process of examining and measuri…
focus of study is the structure or basic elements of the brai…
Functionalism--how mind allows people to adapt, live, work, a…
Gestalt Psychology
focuses on perception and sensation, particularly the percept…
William Wundt
objective introspection (the process of examining and measuri…
63 terms
Psychology 111
The tendency for an operational defini…
What are the two key features of an ex…
Which statement about the use of anima…
The characteristic of an experiment th…
Validity
Manipulation and Random Assignment
These are true: all procedures must be supervised by a traine…
Internal Validity
The tendency for an operational defini…
Validity
What are the two key features of an ex…
Manipulation and Random Assignment
127 terms
Psychology 111
Gate Control Theory
Structuralism
Functionalism
Behaviourism
Idea that pain can be stopped/gated by interneurons in the sp…
historical, structuralism, introspection... limitations: no way…
historical, functionalism, non-reductionist... limitations: hard…
current, behaviorism, observe behaviour... limitations: there is…
Gate Control Theory
Idea that pain can be stopped/gated by interneurons in the sp…
Structuralism
historical, structuralism, introspection... limitations: no way…
50 terms
Psychology 111
adaptive theory of sleep
Adrenal cortex
Altered states of consciousness
Autonomic Nervous system
think of the field mouse, hiding from the owl.... might as we…
secrets over 30 different corticoids controlling salt intake,…
occurs when there is a shift in the quality or pattern of you…
Digesting Food is regulated by
adaptive theory of sleep
think of the field mouse, hiding from the owl.... might as we…
Adrenal cortex
secrets over 30 different corticoids controlling salt intake,…
20 terms
Psychology 111
Psychology
Psychology: Behavior
Psychology: Mental Processes
Psychology: Scientific
Study of behavior and mental processes
Overt actions and reactions
Internal, covert activity of the mind
-Prevention of possible biases... -Precise and careful measurement
Psychology
Study of behavior and mental processes
Psychology: Behavior
Overt actions and reactions
11 terms
Psychology 111
Learning
Unconditional response (UR)
Unconditional stimulus (US)
Conditioned stimulus (CS)
relatively enduring change in behavior, resulting from experi…
a response that does not have to be learned, such as a reflex…
a stimulus that elicits a response without any prior learning…
a stimulus that elicits a response only after learning has ta…
Learning
relatively enduring change in behavior, resulting from experi…
Unconditional response (UR)
a response that does not have to be learned, such as a reflex…
40 terms
Psychology 111
multiply determined
psychology
individual differences
naive realism
human behacior is produced by many factors; it is hard to pre…
the scientific study of the mind, brain, and behavior
each person responds in different ways to the same objective…
the belief that we see the world precisely as it is
multiply determined
human behacior is produced by many factors; it is hard to pre…
psychology
the scientific study of the mind, brain, and behavior
13 terms
Psychology 111 Chapt 4
Light
Cones
Rods
Visual pathway
Part of the electromagnetic spectrum. We see wavelengths beca…
Eye receptors that see color, daytime vision.
For seeing dim lighting.
Receptors send their impulses away from the brain, via cerebr…
Light
Part of the electromagnetic spectrum. We see wavelengths beca…
Cones
Eye receptors that see color, daytime vision.
34 terms
Psychology 111
an extensive network of specialized ce…
the basic cell that makes up the nervo…
the long tube-like structure that carr…
on a neuron the branch-like structures…
nervous system
neuron
axon
dendrites
an extensive network of specialized ce…
nervous system
the basic cell that makes up the nervo…
neuron
26 terms
psychology 111
Sensory adaptation
Sensory adaptation
Sensory adaptation
Sensory adaptation
Neurons fire only in response to novel stimuli.
Exhausted By constant exposure to the unchanging stimuli, neu…
Advantages we are no longer are continuously distracted by th…
Disadvantages are because we can use to our beautiful surroun…
Sensory adaptation
Neurons fire only in response to novel stimuli.
Sensory adaptation
Exhausted By constant exposure to the unchanging stimuli, neu…
36 terms
Psychology 111
Psychology- modern
psychology- old
case study
replication
bio, psych, social
structuralism and introspection
the study of one person but not representative. over generali…
operational define ( very specific )
Psychology- modern
bio, psych, social
psychology- old
structuralism and introspection
44 terms
Psychology 111
Structuralism
Functionalism
Humanism
Evolutionary psychologist
Identifies the stricture of mental life through introspection
Indentifju functions of experience why do we experience anger…
Free will, self actualization, the third force
Natural selection
Structuralism
Identifies the stricture of mental life through introspection
Functionalism
Indentifju functions of experience why do we experience anger…
71 terms
Psychology 111
The "empiricist" philosopher believed…
) In this course grading is
Wernicke's area of the brain is most c…
) A researcher wishes to develop a tes…
) John Locke; Immanuel Kant
) Based on a 250 point maximum, with all scores of 225 or abo…
) language
) valid
The "empiricist" philosopher believed…
) John Locke; Immanuel Kant
) In this course grading is
) Based on a 250 point maximum, with all scores of 225 or abo…
46 terms
Psychology 111
Secure (attachement style)
Avoidant (attachement)
Ambivilent (attachement)
disorganized (attachement)
cries a little, loves
doesn't care/react
screams
spaced out, weird
Secure (attachement style)
cries a little, loves
Avoidant (attachement)
doesn't care/react
139 terms
Psychology 111
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up
Top-down
Detect physical energy by sense organs
Brain interprets raw sensory inputs
Perception based on physical features of stimulus (info proce…
Expectations and knowledge shape interpretation of sensory in…
Sensation
Detect physical energy by sense organs
Perception
Brain interprets raw sensory inputs
Psychology 111
Critical Thinking
Confirmation Bias
Framing Bias (relative comparisons)
Hindsight​
systematically questioning and evaluating information using w…
placing great importance on evidence that supports your belie…
information that comes first has a... strong influence on how pe…
once we know the outcome, we interpret and reinterpret old ev…
Critical Thinking
systematically questioning and evaluating information using w…
Confirmation Bias
placing great importance on evidence that supports your belie…
29 terms
Psychology 111
sensation
transduction
perception
sensory receptors
the process of receiving, translating, and transmitting raw s…
process of transforming physical energy into electrochemical…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
specialized cells that detect stimulus information and transm…
sensation
the process of receiving, translating, and transmitting raw s…
transduction
process of transforming physical energy into electrochemical…
71 terms
Psychology 111
The "empiricist" philosopher believed…
) In this course grading is
Wernicke's area of the brain is most c…
) A researcher wishes to develop a tes…
) John Locke; Immanuel Kant
) Based on a 250 point maximum, with all scores of 225 or abo…
) language
) valid
The "empiricist" philosopher believed…
) John Locke; Immanuel Kant
) In this course grading is
) Based on a 250 point maximum, with all scores of 225 or abo…
40 terms
Psychology 111
ch. 1 Freud said phobias were ________…
ch. 1 A detailed description of a part…
ch. 1 Experimenters can justify the us…
ch. 1 The class is playing a game of J…
repressed conflicts; learned
a case study
it may be necessary for the experiment to work
"What is a psychiatric social worker?"
ch. 1 Freud said phobias were ________…
repressed conflicts; learned
ch. 1 A detailed description of a part…
a case study
51 terms
Psychology 111
Who popularized the research method ca…
What are the subdivisions of the perip…
Carries info from receptors to the brain
Carries info from brain and spinal cor…
Sigmund freud
Somatic and autonomic
Afferent
Efferent
Who popularized the research method ca…
Sigmund freud
What are the subdivisions of the perip…
Somatic and autonomic
13 terms
Psychology 111 chapter 2
Explain why psychologists are concerne…
Describe neurons, and explain how they…
Describe how nerve cells communicate w…
Describe how neurotransmitters influen…
Psychologists working from a biological perspective study the…
Neurons are the elementary components of the nervous system,…
When action potentials reach the end of an axon (the axon ter…
Neurotransmitters travel designated pathways in the brain and…
Explain why psychologists are concerne…
Psychologists working from a biological perspective study the…
Describe neurons, and explain how they…
Neurons are the elementary components of the nervous system,…
Psychology 111
Why do psychologists use Multidimensio…
How did the two factor theory of emoti…
Cannon-Bard Theory
James-Lange Theory
Emotion consists of two components: it must either be good or…
Said that emotions are based on inferences about the causes o…
stimulus simultaneously triggers activity in the body and emo…
stimulus triggers activity in the body, which then produces e…
Why do psychologists use Multidimensio…
Emotion consists of two components: it must either be good or…
How did the two factor theory of emoti…
Said that emotions are based on inferences about the causes o…
Psychology 111
What is obedience?
What is the autonomous state?
What is the agentic shift?
What is the agentic state?
A form of social influence where an individual acts in respon…
When we are free to take responsibility for our actions, are…
When we move between thinking autonomously and obeying an aut…
A state of feeling controlled by an authority figure, and the…
What is obedience?
A form of social influence where an individual acts in respon…
What is the autonomous state?
When we are free to take responsibility for our actions, are…
23 terms
Psychology 111 Chapter 1
Father of modern Psychology
Introspection
Mary Whiton Calkins
Margaret Floy Washburn
Willhelm Wundt
observation of ones mental processes
founded the first psychology lab at Wellesley College. First…
first female to get a PhD. Wrote The Animal Mind.
Father of modern Psychology
Willhelm Wundt
Introspection
observation of ones mental processes
50 terms
Psychology 111
What is Psychology
What are the four goals of psychology
Three levels of analysis
Roots in philosophy
The study of our behaviour, thoughts and feelings
Describe, Explain, Predict, Control
Brain, Person, Group
Questioned how the mind worked, the relationship between the…
What is Psychology
The study of our behaviour, thoughts and feelings
What are the four goals of psychology
Describe, Explain, Predict, Control
47 terms
Psychology 111 Chapter 3
Neurons
Sensory neurons
Interneurons
Motor neurons
receive, integrate and transmit signals.
receive information from the outside
communicate with other neurons
carry messages from the nerves to the muscles.
Neurons
receive, integrate and transmit signals.
Sensory neurons
receive information from the outside
71 terms
Psychology 111 chapter 7
encoding
storage
retrieval
Atkinson-Sheiffrin model of memory
how information gets into memory
how information is maintained in memory
how information is pulled out of memory
sensory input into sensory memory... attention from sensory memo…
encoding
how information gets into memory
storage
how information is maintained in memory
68 terms
Psychology 111 Exam 2
Habituation
Schemas
Assimilation
Accommodation
Decreased response with repeated stimulation
Concepts that organize information
New experience into current understanding, Fitting the knowle…
Adjusting and modifying schema
Habituation
Decreased response with repeated stimulation
Schemas
Concepts that organize information
61 terms
Psychology 111 Chapter 6
Learning
Conditioning
Classical conditioning
Pavlov
Any notable change in behavior due to experience.
Involves learning connections between events that occur in an…
A type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity…
Pioneer of classical conditioning through conditioning dogs t…
Learning
Any notable change in behavior due to experience.
Conditioning
Involves learning connections between events that occur in an…
33 terms
Psychology 111_Psychological Disorders
how was mental illness explained in th…
Hippocrates' view of mental illness
trepanning
abnormality today
people thought it was evil spirits that had possessed people…
the body has 4 different humors of liquid that need to be bal…
cut a hole in the skull of someone who is alive to get rid of…
-statistical or social norm deviance... -subjective discomfort... -…
how was mental illness explained in th…
people thought it was evil spirits that had possessed people…
Hippocrates' view of mental illness
the body has 4 different humors of liquid that need to be bal…
8 terms
General Psychology 111-Al
flashbulb memory
classical conditioning
Positive reinforcement
phonemes
Extremely vivid memory of the conditions surrounding the firs…
a type of learning through which an organism learns to associ…
any pleasant or desirable consequence that follows a response…
smallest unit of sound in the spoken language
flashbulb memory
Extremely vivid memory of the conditions surrounding the firs…
classical conditioning
a type of learning through which an organism learns to associ…
169 terms
Psychology 111 Midterm 1
Psychology as a discipline
Mental processes
Early psychological methodology
Four goals of psychology
-concerned with empirically examining the mind and behaviour…
-describes the activity of our brains when we are engaged in…
-observe outward behaviours to make inferences about inward f…
1)Description... 2)Explanation... 3)Prediction... 4)Control
Psychology as a discipline
-concerned with empirically examining the mind and behaviour…
Mental processes
-describes the activity of our brains when we are engaged in…
38 terms
Psych 111: History of Psychology Consolidated
Where does the history of psychology b…
Plato
Aristotle
How did Descartes further the developm…
Psychology begins in Ancient Greece= democracy, freedom of in…
Plato- student of Socrates.... Dualism: Plato believed that the…
Aristotle- Student of Plato... Entelechy- Highest purpose, huma…
Descartes believed in interactionism—the mind can interact wi…
Where does the history of psychology b…
Psychology begins in Ancient Greece= democracy, freedom of in…
Plato
Plato- student of Socrates.... Dualism: Plato believed that the…
56 terms
Psychology 111 chapter 5
conscious
unconscious
electroencephalography
beta waves
aware of internal and external events
unaware of internal and external events
measures electrical signals on scalp by measuring brain waves…
13-24 cps... lowest amplitude ... highest frequency... awake and atten…
conscious
aware of internal and external events
unconscious
unaware of internal and external events
19 terms
Psychology 111 chapter 8
Define memory and explain how it is me…
Explain how psychologists describe the…
Distinguish between explicit and impli…
Identify the information we process au…
Memory is learning that has persisted over time, through the…
Psychologists use memory models to think and communicate abou…
The human brain processes information on dual tracks, conscio…
In addition to skills and classically conditioned association…
Define memory and explain how it is me…
Memory is learning that has persisted over time, through the…
Explain how psychologists describe the…
Psychologists use memory models to think and communicate abou…
12 terms
Psychology 111 3.1
physiological explanation
evolutionary explanation
developmental explanation
neurons
describes the mechanisms that produce a behavior
relates behavior to the evolutionary history of the species
changes that occur with age
Carry messages from sensory receptors to the brain or spinal…
physiological explanation
describes the mechanisms that produce a behavior
evolutionary explanation
relates behavior to the evolutionary history of the species
8 terms
Psychology 111 Chapter 3.2
Axon
Axon Terminal
Cell body
Dendrites
A long tubelike structure, part of the neuron that carries th…
The part of the neuron that discharges and recycles neurotran…
The part of a nerve cell that keeps the entire cell alive; al…
Nerve cell structure that receives information from other cel…
Axon
A long tubelike structure, part of the neuron that carries th…
Axon Terminal
The part of the neuron that discharges and recycles neurotran…
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