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Study sets matching "psych 2135"

44 terms
2135 Cognitive Psychology - UWO
what is cognitive psychology?
what is cognitive neuroscience?
Sensation & Perception
Attention
the scientific study of the mind... - interested in the mechanic…
examines the relationship between brain processes and mental…
examines the relationship between sensory stimulation and sub…
examines how we focus, divide, lose or hide attention
what is cognitive psychology?
the scientific study of the mind... - interested in the mechanic…
what is cognitive neuroscience?
examines the relationship between brain processes and mental…
39 terms
Psych 2135 Final Exam Chapter 10
What is mental imagery?
What did Aristotle believe regarding v…
What did behaviourists think of Aristo…
Dual Coding Theory
-the ability to recreate stimuli despite the absence of the p…
-he believed that all thought requires imagery
-because behaviourists believe that all behaviours are observ…
-Allan Pavio... -things can either be represented through a verb…
What is mental imagery?
-the ability to recreate stimuli despite the absence of the p…
What did Aristotle believe regarding v…
-he believed that all thought requires imagery
23 terms
PSYCH-2135: Chapter 14
Consciousness
Perceptual Errors
Casual Attribution
Introspection
a state of awareness of sensations or ideas such that we can:…
i.e. people are briefly shown CORN or CQRN; both are perceive…
the interpretations of what caused our thoughts or behaviours…
the process of looking inward and examining one's thoughts, f…
Consciousness
a state of awareness of sensations or ideas such that we can:…
Perceptual Errors
i.e. people are briefly shown CORN or CQRN; both are perceive…
45 terms
PSYCH-2135: Chapter 10
Language
Phonology
Phoneme
Voicing
a form of communication that uses symbols to represent concepts
basic use of sounds
basic unit of sound in a language
whether vocal folds vibrate... [z], [d], [b], [v]
Language
a form of communication that uses symbols to represent concepts
Phonology
basic use of sounds
79 terms
Psych 2135 Chapter 11
5 Properties of Language
2 Additional Properties of Language
Phonemes
Morphemes
1. Symbolic ... 2. Structured ... 3. Conveys meaning ... 4. Generative…
1. Hierarchical, letters make up words, words make up sentenc…
-the most basic sounds that make up our language ... -some lette…
-the smallest unit of meaning in a language ... -some morphemes…
5 Properties of Language
1. Symbolic ... 2. Structured ... 3. Conveys meaning ... 4. Generative…
2 Additional Properties of Language
1. Hierarchical, letters make up words, words make up sentenc…
46 terms
PSYCH-2135: Chapter 12
Cognitive Misers
Heuristics
Availability Heuristic
Representative Heuristic
conserve mental resources by following simple rules when maki…
mental shortcuts that speed up information processing
the tendency to base a judgement on how quickly or easily exa…
the likelihood of an object's belongings to a certain categor…
Cognitive Misers
conserve mental resources by following simple rules when maki…
Heuristics
mental shortcuts that speed up information processing
52 terms
PSYCH-2135: Chapter 13
Problem
Problem Solving
Problem Space
Hill Climbing Strategy
obstacle between present state and goal
active efforts to discover what must be done to overcome obst…
the set of all states that can be reached in solving the prob…
at each point of the problem-solving, simply choose the optio…
Problem
obstacle between present state and goal
Problem Solving
active efforts to discover what must be done to overcome obst…
11 terms
PSY 2135 CHAPTER 2
3 levels of Analysis
3 types of Neurons
3 Components of inter neurons
Resting potential
1. Physiological Level... 2. Psychological level ... 3. Environment…
1. Sensory Neurons ... 2. Association or inter neurons ... 3. Motor…
1. Dendrites (Receiving) ... 2. Cell Body or (soma) (Processing)…
1. When a neuron is at rest, there is a difference in ion con…
3 levels of Analysis
1. Physiological Level... 2. Psychological level ... 3. Environment…
3 types of Neurons
1. Sensory Neurons ... 2. Association or inter neurons ... 3. Motor…
53 terms
2135 - Lecture 1
What is cognitive psychology
Wilhelm Wundt- established first exper…
Wilhelm Wundt & Edward Tichener, devel…
Structuralism
is the study of mental processes such as attention, language…
Used "introspection" to study sensations, "describe inner exp…
Structuralism approach
the mind should be studied by breaking it down into its basic…
What is cognitive psychology
is the study of mental processes such as attention, language…
Wilhelm Wundt- established first exper…
Used "introspection" to study sensations, "describe inner exp…
89 terms
CHAPTER 1 [CHFD 2135]
child development
developmental science
domains of development
prenatal period
an area of study devoted to understanding constancy and chang…
interdisciplinary field which includes all changes we experie…
social, physical and motor, language, intellectual (cognitive…
from conception to birth; the development period with the mos…
child development
an area of study devoted to understanding constancy and chang…
developmental science
interdisciplinary field which includes all changes we experie…
15 terms
Cognitive Psychology Sternberg Ch. 10
aphasia
bilinguals
cooperative principle
dialect
an impairment of language functioning caused by damage to the…
people who can speak two languages
principle in conversation that holds that we seek to communic…
a regional variety of a language distinguished by features su…
aphasia
an impairment of language functioning caused by damage to the…
bilinguals
people who can speak two languages
20 terms
Cognitive Psychology, The Brain
Cerebrum Cortex
Amygdala
Cerebellum
Brainstem
Responsible for sensing, thinking, learning, emotion, conscio…
Part of the limbic system involved in emotion and aggression
Structure that coordinates fine muscle movement, balance
Plays a role in heart rate, swallowing, reflexee to sight and…
Cerebrum Cortex
Responsible for sensing, thinking, learning, emotion, conscio…
Amygdala
Part of the limbic system involved in emotion and aggression
41 terms
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 2 (Textbook)
ablation
amygdala
cerebellum
cerebral cortex
removal of cells or tissues, often through surgical means
modulates strength of emotional memories and is involved in e…
contains neurons that coordinate muscle activity and balance…
carries information between cortex and thalamus or between di…
ablation
removal of cells or tissues, often through surgical means
amygdala
modulates strength of emotional memories and is involved in e…
424 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
17 terms
Memory Encoding
A task aimed to measure the capacity o…
Represents trace decay studied using t…
Auditory:... - using sound information an…
Sound alike errors:... - things that soun…
What is the Brown-Peterson Paradigm?
What is graph showing?
What are the two ways that information can be represented?
What kinds of errors are associated with auditory representat…
A task aimed to measure the capacity o…
What is the Brown-Peterson Paradigm?
Represents trace decay studied using t…
What is graph showing?
80 terms
CHFD 2135 Flanigan GSU- exam 1
Hypothesis
Research methods
Research designs
Naturalistic observation
A prediction drawn directly from a theory
The specific activities of a participant
Overall plans for research studies to test a hypothesis
To observe in a natural environment
Hypothesis
A prediction drawn directly from a theory
Research methods
The specific activities of a participant
17 terms
Retrieval
Finding information that was encoded.
- good retrieval cue has lot's of conn…
When association strength is too much,…
- retrieval increases as more matches…
What is retrieval?
How is association strength related to retrieval cues?
What is proactive interference (PI)?
How does context affect retrieval? Why does it affect perform…
Finding information that was encoded.
What is retrieval?
- good retrieval cue has lot's of conn…
How is association strength related to retrieval cues?
15 terms
Implicit and Explicit Memory
- direct recollection... - conscious of t…
- indirect recall... - prior experience a…
Classical conditioning, procedural mem…
- Pavlov's dog... - seeing a Facebook or…
What is explicit memory?
What is implicit memory?
What are three ways of affecting implicit memory?
What are some examples of classical conditioning?
- direct recollection... - conscious of t…
What is explicit memory?
- indirect recall... - prior experience a…
What is implicit memory?
17 terms
Complex Memory
Explicit:... 1) Episodic memory... 2) Semant…
- processing fluency may nderlie the f…
- statements repeated over time eventu…
- you can retrieve the information and…
What are the types of explicit (2) and implicit (4) memories?
What is the theoretical treatment of implicit memory?
What is the illusion of truth?
How is source attribution connected to the illusion of truth?
Explicit:... 1) Episodic memory... 2) Semant…
What are the types of explicit (2) and implicit (4) memories?
- processing fluency may nderlie the f…
What is the theoretical treatment of implicit memory?
16 terms
Mental Imagery and Visual Memory
- Mental representation that preserve…
- Finke... Implicit encoding: unintentio…
- participants are asked to form a vis…
- images can be rotated in the mind ju…
What is imagery? When would you use it?
What are the Principles of Visual Imagery? Who came up with t…
Describe the work done on Inference by Segal and Fusella.
What is mental rotation?
- Mental representation that preserve…
What is imagery? When would you use it?
- Finke... Implicit encoding: unintentio…
What are the Principles of Visual Imagery? Who came up with t…
25 terms
Long Term Storage
Craik and Lockhart:... Incoming stimuli…
The hierarchy of memory types. ... Decla…
Semantic memory:... - memory for facts... -…
- Gave participants a list of words th…
What are levels of processing? Who coined the term?
What are the two explicit/declarative memory systems proposed…
What was the experiment performed by Craig and Tulving regard…
Craik and Lockhart:... Incoming stimuli…
What are levels of processing? Who coined the term?
The hierarchy of memory types. ... Decla…
36 terms
Concepts and Categories
To organize the sensory world into mea…
- candy doesn't fall into the category…
- group of things with a shared set of…
A group of different things that you t…
What is the usefulness of categorization?
Why is it hard to think about candy as trash?
What is a category?
What is a behavioural equivalence class?
To organize the sensory world into mea…
What is the usefulness of categorization?
- candy doesn't fall into the category…
Why is it hard to think about candy as trash?
31 terms
Working Memory
Ex news anchor for NBC... Recounted seve…
"American Sniper"... Forgot that he:... - k…
1. Transience... 2. Absent-mindedness... 3.…
The tendency to lose access to informa…
Who is Brian Williams and what was the criticism that he faced?
Who is Chris Kyle and what was the criticism about memory tha…
What are Schacter's 7 sins of Memory?
What is Transcience in the context of the 7 Sins of Memory?
Ex news anchor for NBC... Recounted seve…
Who is Brian Williams and what was the criticism that he faced?
"American Sniper"... Forgot that he:... - k…
Who is Chris Kyle and what was the criticism about memory tha…
14 terms
Class 16: Mental and Visual Imagery
Imagery
Principles of Visual Imagery
Interference (study)
Mental Rotation- Roger Shepard's resea…
o Memory representations that reserve visual and spatial info…
o Implicit encoding... -Unintentional storage of detail... -often n…
¬ Subjects are asked to form a visual or auditory image... ¬ Sub…
-Mental images can be "rotated" just like real objects... -the t…
Imagery
o Memory representations that reserve visual and spatial info…
Principles of Visual Imagery
o Implicit encoding... -Unintentional storage of detail... -often n…
43 terms
Language
- waggle dance to tell other bees wher…
- chimps are genetically similar to hu…
The signal doesn't have to refer to a…
The finite set of units is capable of…
How do bees communicate?
Discuss language in chimps.
What is arbitrariness?
What is productivity?
- waggle dance to tell other bees wher…
How do bees communicate?
- chimps are genetically similar to hu…
Discuss language in chimps.
34 terms
Chapter 7 - Emotional and Social Development Infancy & Toddlerhood
attachment
attachment Q-sort
autonomy vs. shame and doubt
basic emotions
the strong affectionate tie that humans have with special peo…
a method of assessing attachment security, ranging from high…
in Erikson's theory, the psychological conflict of toddlerhoo…
emotions such as happiness, interest, surprise, fear, anger,…
attachment
the strong affectionate tie that humans have with special peo…
attachment Q-sort
a method of assessing attachment security, ranging from high…
43 terms
Class 14/15: Language
Bees
Chimpanzees
13 Design Features (from Hockett, 1960)
Sentence
- 90 degree angles- they tell other bees where to go and how…
- Close to humans, have sophisticated cognitive systems ... - In…
1. Vocal- communication through transfer of vocal and auditor…
sequence of words
Bees
- 90 degree angles- they tell other bees where to go and how…
Chimpanzees
- Close to humans, have sophisticated cognitive systems ... - In…
21 terms
Lecture 3
Lateralization... langauge located in wh…
If split brain given left street and r…
Quite difficult to draw two shapes sim…
Split-brain joe Given bell and music,…
left, right
yes, seperatedd, toad stool
things in left goes to right area, and vice versa, can do it…
trumpet or drummers would be picked of most. Asked to pick pi…
Lateralization... langauge located in wh…
left, right
If split brain given left street and r…
yes, seperatedd, toad stool
14 terms
Research paper citations
Blake, Judith. "The Only Child in Amer…
Thompson, Vaida D. "Family Size: Impli…
Thompson, Vaida D. "Family Size: Impli…
Blake, Judith. "The Only Child in Amer…
"Being an only child is widely regarded as a significant hand…
Analysis shows in this source that individuals view the conce…
The "persistent negativity" towards only children leads to th…
"Tony Falbo, stated that the presence of siblings is popularl…
Blake, Judith. "The Only Child in Amer…
"Being an only child is widely regarded as a significant hand…
Thompson, Vaida D. "Family Size: Impli…
Analysis shows in this source that individuals view the conce…
28 terms
Class 13: Concepts and Categories
Structured organization in memory
Category
A Behavioral equivalence class
Concept
¬ fundamental cognitive mechanism are recruited to bring stru…
¬ The group of things that are similar to each other or share…
¬ a group of different things that you treat similarly ex, tr…
¬ A mental representation of a category... ¬ How you represent t…
Structured organization in memory
¬ fundamental cognitive mechanism are recruited to bring stru…
Category
¬ The group of things that are similar to each other or share…
62 terms
Chapters 12 and 13
Deductive Reasoning
Categorical Syllogism
Syllogism
Validity
-reasoning involving syollogisms... -premises are stated as fact…
-a syllogism describing relationships between categories
-a set of 2 premises and a logical conclusion
-whether the conclusion of a syllogism is logical, given 2 pr…
Deductive Reasoning
-reasoning involving syollogisms... -premises are stated as fact…
Categorical Syllogism
-a syllogism describing relationships between categories
40 terms
child development exam 3
physical/motor/sensory [2 yrs]
cognitive/language [2 yrs]
social/emotional [2 yrs]
brain inc from 70% of adult weight to…
...
...
...
2 yrs
physical/motor/sensory [2 yrs]
...
cognitive/language [2 yrs]
...
67 terms
Traumatic Brain Injury & Spinal Cord Injury
Skull Fractures
Focal Injuries
Traumatic Brain Injury
Focal head injuries
♥Basal Skull Fracture... ♥Battle sign... ♥Raccoon eyes... ♥HALO sign
♥Concussion... ♥Contusions: "bruises" ... ♥Lacerations... ♥Penetrat…
∴Focal... 〉Coup/Countercoups injuries... 〉Direct impact injury... 〉…
identifiable, specific injuries (contusions, lacerations)
Skull Fractures
♥Basal Skull Fracture... ♥Battle sign... ♥Raccoon eyes... ♥HALO sign
Focal Injuries
♥Concussion... ♥Contusions: "bruises" ... ♥Lacerations... ♥Penetrat…
64 terms
Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
The reaction A --> B + C + heat is rel…
A(n) _____ reaction occurs spontaneous…
Which of these reactions requires a ne…
In cells, what is usually the immediat…
exergonic
exergonic
endergonic... The products of endergonic reactions have more po…
ATP... The hydrolysis of ATP provides the energy needed for an…
The reaction A --> B + C + heat is rel…
exergonic
A(n) _____ reaction occurs spontaneous…
exergonic
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