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Study sets matching "psych 223"

48 terms
Psychology 223
Dishabituation
Habituation
Object permanence
Deferred imitation
new stimulus appears and infants start paying more attention…
infants exposed to same object so less attention is paid to it
infant understands that people and objects continue to exist…
Behaviour repeated a while after the infant has been exposed…
Dishabituation
new stimulus appears and infants start paying more attention…
Habituation
infants exposed to same object so less attention is paid to it
50 terms
Psychology 223: Developmental Psychology
The behavioral changes within people a…
Developmental psychology is mailing co…
The three factors combining to determi…
Internal influences
Development.
The ways in which individuals change and remain the same over…
Heredity, environment and the person's own choices.
originate with heredity
The behavioral changes within people a…
Development.
Developmental psychology is mailing co…
The ways in which individuals change and remain the same over…
70 terms
Psychology 223: Developmental Psychology
The term used to refer to a person's g…
From the vagina, the route taken by sp…
The cervix is the:
What is the function of the epididmis…
Genome
Cervix > uterus > Fallopian tube
narrow lower end of the uterus
stores sperm
The term used to refer to a person's g…
Genome
From the vagina, the route taken by sp…
Cervix > uterus > Fallopian tube
50 terms
Psychology 223 Developmental Psychology
A useful theory should be
E. B Twitmeyer's contribution to behav…
In Pavlov's experiments with dogs, sal…
In classical conditioning, a neutral s…
parsimonious... organize observations and ... generate research
The condition response
conditioned response
conditioned stimulus
A useful theory should be
parsimonious... organize observations and ... generate research
E. B Twitmeyer's contribution to behav…
The condition response
67 terms
psychology 223 test 2
dendrite
synapses
axon
Neurotransmitters
fiber that extends from neurons and receives electrochemical…
intersection between the axon of one neuron and the dendrite…
fiber that extends from a neuron and transmits electrochemica…
brain chemical that carries information from the axon of a se…
dendrite
fiber that extends from neurons and receives electrochemical…
synapses
intersection between the axon of one neuron and the dendrite…
61 terms
Psychology 223 - Test 1
Valuing diversity can benefit organiza…
In their 1987 Workforce 2000, Johnston…
Among the costs associated with doing…
IMB's diversity initiatives focused on…
Cost, resource acquisition, marketing, creativity, problem so…
by the year 2000 85% of the net new entrants to the workforce…
Exit interviews and recruiting costs
Engage employees as partners by forming diversity task forces…
Valuing diversity can benefit organiza…
Cost, resource acquisition, marketing, creativity, problem so…
In their 1987 Workforce 2000, Johnston…
by the year 2000 85% of the net new entrants to the workforce…
22 terms
Psychology 223 Chapter 11
Puberty
Primary sex characteristics
Secondary sex characteristics
Adolescent Growth Spurt from Book
A stage of decelopment characterized by reaching sexual matur…
The structures that make reproduction possible.... Examples: Gir…
Physical indicators of sexual maturation that are not directl…
Adolescent in height start roughly about the age ten. Weight…
Puberty
A stage of decelopment characterized by reaching sexual matur…
Primary sex characteristics
The structures that make reproduction possible.... Examples: Gir…
231 terms
Psychology 223 Exam 2
Self-reference effect
Independent self-concept
Interdependent self-concept
Self complexity
memory advantage for anything related to your self concept (u…
-defines the self through personal attributes ... -valued trait…
-defines self through interpersonal attributes... -attention to…
-how the self concept is organized... -high complexity: aspects…
Self-reference effect
memory advantage for anything related to your self concept (u…
Independent self-concept
-defines the self through personal attributes ... -valued trait…
22 terms
Developmental Psychology 223
Science of Human Development
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Empirical Evidence
The science that seeks to understand how and why people of al…
A way to answer questions that requires empirical research an…
A specific prediction that can be tested.
Evidence that is based on observation, experience, or experim…
Science of Human Development
The science that seeks to understand how and why people of al…
Scientific Method
A way to answer questions that requires empirical research an…
73 terms
Developmental Psychology 223
Senescence
Presbycusis
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Andropause
a gradual physical aging over time; affects every part of the…
a significant loss of hearing associated with senescence
creates scar tissue that sometimes blocks a woman's fallopian…
term coined to signify a drop in testosterone levels in older…
Senescence
a gradual physical aging over time; affects every part of the…
Presbycusis
a significant loss of hearing associated with senescence
81 terms
Psychology 223 exam 3
Adolescence
Genital Stage (freud)
Erikson
independent
age 12-20
last stage in Freudian development
psychologist that states that we are changing due to puberty.…
adolescents try to be ________ but cant be because of parents…
Adolescence
age 12-20
Genital Stage (freud)
last stage in Freudian development
77 terms
Psychology 223 Test #2
What is the leading cause of death in…
According to Erikson what are children…
What is helpful when when getting chil…
Transitional Objects
Accidents; adults are in charge of what children are able to…
Finding things out, having initative
It helps for children to have rituals and go to bed at the sa…
Things that help children move away from parents; Ex: Blanket…
What is the leading cause of death in…
Accidents; adults are in charge of what children are able to…
According to Erikson what are children…
Finding things out, having initative
68 terms
Social Psychology 223 Exam 2
Definition of attitude - affective, be…
Attitude assessment - problems with se…
LaPiere's research on self-reports ver…
Implicit Association Test (IAT) - how…
Affective-Pos/neg emotional response to an object... >If negati…
Self-reports- Used in most attitudes studies... > self-reports…
• Prejudice and discrimination... >Chinese-American couple on t…
• It focuses on unconscious attitudes... •How quickly we pair po…
Definition of attitude - affective, be…
Affective-Pos/neg emotional response to an object... >If negati…
Attitude assessment - problems with se…
Self-reports- Used in most attitudes studies... > self-reports…
55 terms
Psychology 223 chapters 1-2
scientific method
Freud
ID
Ego
concept and prepositions to describe, organize and explain a…
Develop through conflict of natural instincts and society
Pleasure seeking principle, that strikes to reduce tension
rational mind, consciousness, reality principle
scientific method
concept and prepositions to describe, organize and explain a…
Freud
Develop through conflict of natural instincts and society
56 terms
Psychology 223 chapters 3-5
Zygote
Genotype
Phenotype
DNA
Single cell formed by sperm and an ovum ... made up of 46 chromo…
Genetic endowment an person inherits
The way a persons genotype is expressed in an observable or m…
long thread like structure that makes up chromosomes
Zygote
Single cell formed by sperm and an ovum ... made up of 46 chromo…
Genotype
Genetic endowment an person inherits
Psychology 223 Exam 1 Questions
According to Popper's principle of fal…
Which scientific method discussed in c…
What is epistemology?
Learning Paradigm
Make predictions that have a chance of being proven incorrect
The experimental method
The study of knowledge
B.F.Skinner, Dollard & Miller, Bandura & Mischel
According to Popper's principle of fal…
Make predictions that have a chance of being proven incorrect
Which scientific method discussed in c…
The experimental method
105 terms
PSY 223 Developmental Psychology, Farr
The United States_____________________…
If a researcher wanted to measure the…
Unlike early hominids, Homo sapiens ha…
Which of the following occurred during…
d) is one of the few developed countries that will experience…
d) Education Level
c) smaller jaws
a) The domestication of animals developed
The United States_____________________…
d) is one of the few developed countries that will experience…
If a researcher wanted to measure the…
d) Education Level
110 terms
Psychology 223 Final Exam: We need 100!!
Personality
What is a personality disorder
Classifying Personality Disorders
Classifying Personality Disorders (DSM…
Personality is a unique and long-term pattern of inner experi…
-An inflexible pattern of inner experience and outward behavi…
A personality disorder typically becomes recognizable in adol…
-Diagnosed on Axis II of the DSM-5... -Not typically marked by c…
Personality
Personality is a unique and long-term pattern of inner experi…
What is a personality disorder
-An inflexible pattern of inner experience and outward behavi…
23 terms
pages 207,214,223 vocabulary: psychology
sensation
absolute threshold
difference threshold
perception
the process that allows our brains to take in information via…
the smallest level of energy required by an external stimulus…
also known as the just noticeable difference (jnd), is the mi…
the process of recognizing and interpreting sensory stimuli.
sensation
the process that allows our brains to take in information via…
absolute threshold
the smallest level of energy required by an external stimulus…
120 terms
Psychology 223 Final Exam Spring 2015
A basic set of principles that help us…
As children grow, they become taller a…
Freud believed that they key to health…
Freud would say that an adult who smok…
C. Theory
A. Quantitative change in development
C. Uncovering the thoughts in the unconscious mind that were…
B. Is fixated at the oral stages because these needs were not…
A basic set of principles that help us…
C. Theory
As children grow, they become taller a…
A. Quantitative change in development
49 terms
Psychology of Childhood 223, chps. 8-10
patterns of normal growth in early chi…
Body Mass Index (BMI) does what?
Diet and nutrition in early childhood
brain anatomy
2.5 inches and 6lb per year
shows whether a child's weight is appropriate for their heigh…
need fewer calories, picky eaters, food is not a bribe/entert…
changes in gray matter of brain cortex during early developme…
patterns of normal growth in early chi…
2.5 inches and 6lb per year
Body Mass Index (BMI) does what?
shows whether a child's weight is appropriate for their heigh…
74 terms
Psychology 223 Midterm Review (Topics 1-4)
Reich-How to Read an Original Source J…
social psychology
social influence
fundamental attribution error
...
the scientific study of the way in which people's thoughts, f…
the effect that the words, actions, or mere presence of other…
the tendency to overestimate the extent to which people's beh…
Reich-How to Read an Original Source J…
...
social psychology
the scientific study of the way in which people's thoughts, f…
72 terms
Psychology 223 Exam 3 Study Guide (Ch 13 & 14)
Prejudice
Racism
Facts
Adversive racism
A negative feeling toward an individual based solely on his o…
Prejudiced attitudes toward a particular race
Prejudice can exist without discrimination, if people have ne…
Simultaneously holding egalitarian (believing in the principl…
Prejudice
A negative feeling toward an individual based solely on his o…
Racism
Prejudiced attitudes toward a particular race
37 terms
FSE 223 Social Science Psychology Terms week 1
Psychologist
Psychiatrist
Psychoanalyst
Psychotherapist
"a professional specializing in diagnosing and treating disea…
a medical doctor with a specialty in the diagnosis and treatm…
"the method of psychological therapy originated by Sigmund Fr…
"a therapist who deals with mental and emotional disorders."
Psychologist
"a professional specializing in diagnosing and treating disea…
Psychiatrist
a medical doctor with a specialty in the diagnosis and treatm…
158 terms
psychology 223 Exam 2 Study Guide Early Childhood, Psychological Development, Middle Childhood
How do eating habits change in early c…
What are the effects of exposure to le…
What are the characteristics of the Pr…
Pre-Operational... Piaget's - cognitive d…
appetites decline because their growth has slowed. unpredicta…
-Lead affects virtually every system in the body.... -The blood…
a child will react to all similar objects as though they are…
is the second stage in Piaget's theory of cognitive developme…
How do eating habits change in early c…
appetites decline because their growth has slowed. unpredicta…
What are the effects of exposure to le…
-Lead affects virtually every system in the body.... -The blood…
92 terms
Psychology 223 Exam 1 Study Guide (CH 1-3)
Psychology
Social Psychology
Distinction between behavior and mind
The ABCs of Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mind
Focus on "persons" in "situations"; base conclusions on empir…
Behavior is directly observable and mind is about thoughts an…
Affect- How we feel inside (self esteem, prejudice, attitudes…
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mind
Social Psychology
Focus on "persons" in "situations"; base conclusions on empir…
17 terms
Ab Normal Psychology Psy223 Chapters 5-7
Define stress?
Define coping strategies?
Define stress tolerance ?
Define crisis?
Negative stress associated with pain, anxiety, and sorrow.
Efforts deal with stress.
A person's ability to withstand becoming seriously impaired.
Stressful situation that approaches or exceeds the adaptive c…
Define stress?
Negative stress associated with pain, anxiety, and sorrow.
Define coping strategies?
Efforts deal with stress.
119 terms
Developmental Psychology (PSY 223) Final Exam Study Guide
A basic set of principle that help us…
As children grow, they become taller a…
Freud believed that they key to health…
Freud would say that an adult who smok…
Theory
Quantitative change in development
Uncovering the thoughts in the unconscious mind that were ass…
Is fixated at the oral stages because these needs were not me…
A basic set of principle that help us…
Theory
As children grow, they become taller a…
Quantitative change in development
65 terms
Psychology 223 Exam 2 (Chapters 5, 7, 8, 9)
Social cognition
Schemas
Heuristics
Dual Process for Thinking
A movement in social psychology that began in the 1970s that…
Organized beliefs we have about stimuli in our social world
Mental shortcuts used to make shortcuts
Automatic thought: the more unintentional, the more automatic…
Social cognition
A movement in social psychology that began in the 1970s that…
Schemas
Organized beliefs we have about stimuli in our social world
51 terms
Developmental Psychology 223 The Life Span Chapters 9,10,11,12,13 Exam 3 Study Guide
Hormones
Hypothalamus
Pituitary
Invincibility Fable
are body chemicals that regulate hunger, sleep, moods, stress…
Produces sequences of hormones, biochemical in the brain (Hor…
*A gland in the brain that responds to a signal from the hypo…
An adolescent's egocentric conviction that he or she cannot b…
Hormones
are body chemicals that regulate hunger, sleep, moods, stress…
Hypothalamus
Produces sequences of hormones, biochemical in the brain (Hor…
59 terms
Ab normal psychology 223 Test 3 Study guide chapters 9-12
Define Somatic Systems disorders?
Consciously faking symptoms is a chara…
Identify what would be most helpful to…
Identify what the preoccupation is wit…
Conditions and bothering physicals complaints.
Malingering
Staying physically despite pain.
Acquiring a serious illness.
Define Somatic Systems disorders?
Conditions and bothering physicals complaints.
Consciously faking symptoms is a chara…
Malingering
166 terms
Psych 223 Exam 2
Anxiety
Fear
Similarity btwn. Fear & Anxiety
Quick Statistics (Anxiety)
Anxiety is a state of alarm in response to a vague sense of t…
Fear is a state of immediate alarm in response to a serious,…
Both have the same physiological features - increase in respi…
18% of the adult population in the U.S. experiences an anxiet…
Anxiety
Anxiety is a state of alarm in response to a vague sense of t…
Fear
Fear is a state of immediate alarm in response to a serious,…
68 terms
PSY 223 Final
Dips or folds
Raised surface (cortex is wrinkly)
Synapse
Lobes of brain
Sulcus
Gyrus
gap between neurons (where axon meets dendrite)
occipital, temporal, parietal, frontal
Dips or folds
Sulcus
Raised surface (cortex is wrinkly)
Gyrus
138 terms
Psych 223 Exam 1
Abnormal psychology
Normal
Abnormal
What is psychological abnormality?
The field devoted to scientific study of to describe, predict…
Conforming with the norm, standard, type, typical. Free for m…
Not normal. Deviating from the usual. Not typical or conformi…
Many definitions of been proposed yet none is universally exc…
Abnormal psychology
The field devoted to scientific study of to describe, predict…
Normal
Conforming with the norm, standard, type, typical. Free for m…
63 terms
Psy 223 Exam 3
Prejudice
Racism
Aversive racism
Discrimination
A negative feeling toward an individual based solely on his o…
Prejudiced attitudes toward a particular race
Simultaneously holding egalitarian values and negative feelin…
Unequal treatment of different people based on the groups or…
Prejudice
A negative feeling toward an individual based solely on his o…
Racism
Prejudiced attitudes toward a particular race
10 terms
PSY 223 Ch. 7
One of the basic principles in Paget's…
In Piaget's theory, fitting new inform…
In Piaget's theory, when you need to c…
The first step of cognitive developmen…
the mistake that children make in their reasoning are meaning…
assimilation
accommodation
sensorimotor stage
One of the basic principles in Paget's…
the mistake that children make in their reasoning are meaning…
In Piaget's theory, fitting new inform…
assimilation
PSY 223 ch 6 Off to School
Concrete opertional... Piaget
mental operations
formal operational thinking... Piaget
deductive reasoning
begin to wane, especially after egocentrism due to more inter…
cognitive actions that can be preformed on objects or ideas
occurs age 11 into adulthood... expand thinking beyond the oncre…
drawing conclusions from facts
Concrete opertional... Piaget
begin to wane, especially after egocentrism due to more inter…
mental operations
cognitive actions that can be preformed on objects or ideas
8 terms
Psych 223 chapter 3
Central tendency
Population mean
Sample mean
Median
Statistical measure that attemps to determinr the single valu…
Mean of a population
Mean of a sample
The midpoint on the list of scores
Central tendency
Statistical measure that attemps to determinr the single valu…
Population mean
Mean of a population
PSY 223 ch 5 Entering the social world
Evolutionary Psychology
John Bowlby's attatchment theory
preattachment... birth to 8 weeks
attachment in the making... 8 weeks to 8…
theoretical view that many human behaviors represent successf…
children who form an attachment to an adult that is an enduri…
infants recognize their mothers... infants born with innate refl…
babies identify primary caregive as person they can count on…
Evolutionary Psychology
theoretical view that many human behaviors represent successf…
John Bowlby's attatchment theory
children who form an attachment to an adult that is an enduri…
PSY 223 Ch. 3 tools for exploring the world
reflexes
Four states of a newborn
New born crying
temperament
unlearned responses triggered by specific stimulation... infants…
alert inactivity... waking activity... crying... sleeping
first form of communication... basic cry, hungry or tired... mad cr…
consistent style or pattern of behavior... impacted by nature an…
reflexes
unlearned responses triggered by specific stimulation... infants…
Four states of a newborn
alert inactivity... waking activity... crying... sleeping
37 terms
psy 223 ch9
phonology
syntax
semantics
pragmatics
study of language
grammar
study of word meanings
rules that guide the use of language in social situations
phonology
study of language
syntax
grammar
8 terms
Psy 223 Chapter 4
Variability
Deviation
Population variance
Standard deviation
Provides a quantitative measure of the differences between sc…
The distance from the mean.
Equals the mean squared deviation. Variance is the average sq…
Is the square root of the variance and provides a measure of…
Variability
Provides a quantitative measure of the differences between sc…
Deviation
The distance from the mean.
19 terms
The Developing Person Berger Ch. 13-PSY 223
Industry versus Inferiority
Latency
Effortful Control
Resilience
The fourth of Erikson's eight psychosocial crises, during whi…
Freud's term for middle childhood, during which children's em…
The ability to regulate one's emotions and actions through ef…
The capacity to adapt well to significant adversity and to ov…
Industry versus Inferiority
The fourth of Erikson's eight psychosocial crises, during whi…
Latency
Freud's term for middle childhood, during which children's em…
28 terms
PSY 223 Chapter 7
attention
attended information
unattended information
change blindness
the process by which information is selected for further proc…
incoming sensory input that gets priority for conscious proce…
information that does not reach awareness but mind still affe…
when you fail to notice the appearance or disappearance of vi…
attention
the process by which information is selected for further proc…
attended information
incoming sensory input that gets priority for conscious proce…
KINE 223 Final
Blue zones
What blue zone does Dan Buettner think…
Health
Wellness
intellectual, financial, physical, spiritual, social, and emo…
Social
A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being
an overall state of well-being or total health
Blue zones
intellectual, financial, physical, spiritual, social, and emo…
What blue zone does Dan Buettner think…
Social
24 terms
The Developing Person Berger Ch. 12-PSY 223
Concrete Operational Thought
Classification
Transitive Inference
Sensory Memory
Piaget's term for the ability to reason logically about direc…
The logical principle that things can be organized into group…
The ability to figure out the unspoken link between one fact…
The component of the information-processing system in which i…
Concrete Operational Thought
Piaget's term for the ability to reason logically about direc…
Classification
The logical principle that things can be organized into group…
PSY 223 ch 4 emergence of thought and language
schemes
assimilation
accomodation
equilibrium
mental structure that organizes information and regulates beh…
taking information that is compatible with what one already k…
changing existing based on new knowledge
assimilation and accommodation are usually in balance
schemes
mental structure that organizes information and regulates beh…
assimilation
taking information that is compatible with what one already k…
244 terms
psy 223 exam 1
two fundamental questions
goal of developmental psych?
waterbeds for infants
resilient kids
1. how do people change as they develop?... 2. what are the dete…
1. understand universal changes... 2. explain individual differe…
premature babies can stop breathing while sleeping but babies…
kids who are from broken homes, poor families became successf…
two fundamental questions
1. how do people change as they develop?... 2. what are the dete…
goal of developmental psych?
1. understand universal changes... 2. explain individual differe…
19 terms
Psych 223 chapter 2
Frequency distribution
Range
Grouped frequencies
Class intervals
Is an organized tabulation of he number of individuals locate…
The difference in the low number and high
Results of group scores
Groups or intervals
Frequency distribution
Is an organized tabulation of he number of individuals locate…
Range
The difference in the low number and high
201 terms
Psyc 223- Exam 4
suicide
suicidal ideation
psychological autopsy
group suicides
- the intentional, direct, and conscious taking of one's own…
- thoughts about suicide- may represent a separate clinical e…
- the systematic examination of existing information for the…
- media reports of suicides, especially of celebrities spark…
suicide
- the intentional, direct, and conscious taking of one's own…
suicidal ideation
- thoughts about suicide- may represent a separate clinical e…
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