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Study sets matching "psych 3"

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Study sets matching "psych 3"

178 terms
Psychology #3
What is Memory?
What is Memory illusion?
What is the Paradox of Memory?
What is Memory is Reconstructive?
The retention of information over time
False but subjectively compelling "memory"
Memory illusion... False but subjectively compelling "memory"... O…
When remembering, we actively reconstruct memories, not passi…
What is Memory?
The retention of information over time
What is Memory illusion?
False but subjectively compelling "memory"
39 terms
psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
DNA
gene
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the informa…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
33 terms
Psychology 3
Development Psychology
Grasping Reflex
Rooting Reflex
Telegraphic Speech
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his o…
an infant's response in turning toward the source of touching…
the kind of verbal utterances in which words are left out, bu…
Development Psychology
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
Grasping Reflex
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his o…
42 terms
Psychology Ch. 3 - Developmental Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Chromosomes
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
Genes
Branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and so…
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain genes.
A molecule containing the genetic information that makes up t…
The biochemical units of hereditary that make up the chromoso…
Developmental Psychology
Branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and so…
Chromosomes
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain genes.
37 terms
Psychology 3
List all the senses
Kinesthesis
Vestibular
Clairvoyant
1. sight... 2. smell... 3. hearing... 4. taste... 5. touch... a. pressure…
ability to feel movement of limbs and body
relating to sense of equilobrium
twin power
List all the senses
1. sight... 2. smell... 3. hearing... 4. taste... 5. touch... a. pressure…
Kinesthesis
ability to feel movement of limbs and body
193 terms
Psychology 3
Intelligence
intelligence test
Charles Spearman
two- factor theory of intelligence
is the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and…
a method for assessing an individuals mental aptitudes and co…
born in London... proposed the two factor theory of intelligence…
Spearman developed a statistical procedure call FACTOR ANALYS…
Intelligence
is the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and…
intelligence test
a method for assessing an individuals mental aptitudes and co…
42 terms
PSYCHOLOGY-3
PERSONALITY
TRAIT THEORY
BIOLOGICAL THEORY
TEMPERMENT
MOST FUNDAMENTALLY THE COLLECTION OF LASTING CHARACTERISTICS…
- PERSONALITY CONSISTS OF A SET OF TRAITS WHICH ARE CHARACTER…
-ASSUMES THAT A PERSON'S GENOME CONTRIBUTES TO THE FORMATION…
- INNATE GENETICALLY INFLUENCED "BASELINE" OF PERSONALITY THA…
PERSONALITY
MOST FUNDAMENTALLY THE COLLECTION OF LASTING CHARACTERISTICS…
TRAIT THEORY
- PERSONALITY CONSISTS OF A SET OF TRAITS WHICH ARE CHARACTER…
78 terms
#3 Brain Unit (AP Psychology)
Biological psychology
Chromosomes
Behavior Geneticists
Genes
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
Trying to answer the question of nature (heredity) or nurture…
Biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes... C…
Biological psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Chromosomes
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
18 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Review
Dopamine
Neurotransmitters:... (chemical messengers)
Damage to Broca's Area and Wernicke's…
Endocrine System
A neurotransmitter - involved in motor behavior
Chemicals that are stored in sacs in the axon terminals - A n…
Broca's area - Located in the frontal lobe; responsible for t…
Consists of 5 glands that secrete hormones.
Dopamine
A neurotransmitter - involved in motor behavior
Neurotransmitters:... (chemical messengers)
Chemicals that are stored in sacs in the axon terminals - A n…
42 terms
Chapter 3: Ciccarelli Psychology
Sensation
Pupil
Iris
Cornea
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Iris opening that changes size depending on the amount of lig…
Its muscles control the size of the pupil.
Bends light waves to the image can be focused on the retina.
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Pupil
Iris opening that changes size depending on the amount of lig…
24 terms
Psychology Chapter 3
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
neurons
Cell Body
brain and spinal cord
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
nerve cells--run through our entire body and communicate with…
produces energy that fuels the activity of the cell
Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
66 terms
AP psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
evolution
natural selection
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
the gradual change in a species over time
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variat…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
78 terms
#3 Brain Unit (AP Psychology)
Biological psychology
Chromosomes
Behavior Geneticists
Genes
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
Trying to answer the question of nature (heredity) or nurture…
Biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes... C…
Biological psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Chromosomes
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
40 terms
(Psychology 1) #3 Brain Unit
Dendrites
Axon
Soma
Myelin Sheath
the part of a neuron that receives messages from other neurons
the body of a neuron that allows the message to travel down
the cell body that processes nutrients and provide energy for…
a white fatty layer or "skin" wrapped around the axon that ca…
Dendrites
the part of a neuron that receives messages from other neurons
Axon
the body of a neuron that allows the message to travel down
66 terms
Psychology 3
Sensation
Perception
Absolute threshold
Difference threshold
Activation of sense organs by a source of physical... energy
Sorting out, interpretation, analysis, and integration... of sti…
the minimum stimulation... necessary to detect stimulus 50% of t…
JND
Sensation
Activation of sense organs by a source of physical... energy
Perception
Sorting out, interpretation, analysis, and integration... of sti…
34 terms
Psychology - Ch. 3
Sensation
environmental energy
perception
sensory receptors
detection of environmental energy by our sensory organs for t…
light waves... sound waves... mechanical displacement... odor molecule…
attending to, organizing, and interpreting ... i.e. - the visua…
- neurons which receive ENERGY from the environment instead o…
Sensation
detection of environmental energy by our sensory organs for t…
environmental energy
light waves... sound waves... mechanical displacement... odor molecule…
15 terms
Psychology 3
Personality
Nature
Nurture
Chromosomes
the way you are and you act
it's genetic, things were inherited, "you were born this way"
it's environmental, humans are born with a blank slate and ar…
threadlike structures made of DNA that contain genes; basical…
Personality
the way you are and you act
Nature
it's genetic, things were inherited, "you were born this way"
24 terms
psychology 3
who developed the Theory of Cognitive…
schemes?
a mental representation or image is an…
what are Piaget's 4 stages?
Jean Piaget
basic building blacks of thinking
scheme
-sensorimotor... -pre operational... -concrete operational ... -formal…
who developed the Theory of Cognitive…
Jean Piaget
schemes?
basic building blacks of thinking
46 terms
Psychology 3
Neurons
Proliferation
Migration
Differentiation
Cells in the nervous system that communicate with one another…
1st neurons stage ... when neurons are developed
2nd neurons stage... when neurons go where they need to be
3rd neurons stage... when neurons specialize in their position
Neurons
Cells in the nervous system that communicate with one another…
Proliferation
1st neurons stage ... when neurons are developed
57 terms
psychology 3
What are the main regions of the brain?
What is the function of the myelenceph…
What is the metencephalon?
What is the mesencephalon?
-Hindbrain-> myelencephalon, which has the medulla (involun…
apart of the hindbrain. also known as the medulla. in charge…
apart of the hindbrain. made up of the pons and cerebellum. t…
also known as the midbrain. responsible for hearing, vision,…
What are the main regions of the brain?
-Hindbrain-> myelencephalon, which has the medulla (involun…
What is the function of the myelenceph…
apart of the hindbrain. also known as the medulla. in charge…
15 terms
Psychology Ch. 3
d. unconscious mental activity
b. selective attention
c. the circadian rhythm
c. Stage 4
The simultaneous processing of information on many parallel t…
Drivers detect traffic signals more slowly if they are also t…
Staying up especially late on weekends is most likely to have…
Sleepwalking is most likely to be associated with ________ sl…
d. unconscious mental activity
The simultaneous processing of information on many parallel t…
b. selective attention
Drivers detect traffic signals more slowly if they are also t…
51 terms
Psychology 3
Cerebral Cortex
Fissure
Hemisphere
Corpus Callosum
Outermost layer of the brain; controls high-level mental proc…
A depression marking off an area of the cerebral cortex
One half of the cerebral cortex; each half controls the oppos…
A large bundle of nerve fibers that transfer information from…
Cerebral Cortex
Outermost layer of the brain; controls high-level mental proc…
Fissure
A depression marking off an area of the cerebral cortex
42 terms
Psychology 3
The Nervous System
Major Division
Peripheral Nervous System... 3 kinds of n…
Skeletal/SOmatic Nervous System
Body's electrochemical communication system... Comprised of bill…
Central VS. Peripheral
Motor- CNS to muscles and glands... Sensory-sensory receptors to…
Nerves to/from spinal cord... control muscle movements
The Nervous System
Body's electrochemical communication system... Comprised of bill…
Major Division
Central VS. Peripheral
17 terms
Psychology #3
Neurons
glial cells
myelin
axons
specialized cell of the nervous system that receives and tran…
remove the dead neurons and waste; nourish and insulate neurons
fat that insulates the axon from electrically charged atoms
send messages
Neurons
specialized cell of the nervous system that receives and tran…
glial cells
remove the dead neurons and waste; nourish and insulate neurons
57 terms
Psychology 3
are hypothetical states that activate…
an odject, person, or situation that i…
drivers help the body maintain a stead…
Maslow argued that people have a hiera…
Motives
Incentive
Homeostasis
self-actualization
are hypothetical states that activate…
Motives
an odject, person, or situation that i…
Incentive
119 terms
Psychology 3
Instinct Theory
Drive Reduction Theory
Homeostasis
Hierarchy of Needs
biological or genetic programming as the cause of motivation
the idea that humans are motivated to reduce drives in order…
balance in your body
theory proposed by Maslow that stated humans strive to ensure…
Instinct Theory
biological or genetic programming as the cause of motivation
Drive Reduction Theory
the idea that humans are motivated to reduce drives in order…
176 terms
Psychology 3
Intelligence
intelligence test
Charles Spearman
two- factor theory of intelligence
is the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and…
a method for assessing an individuals mental aptitudes and co…
born in London... proposed the two factor theory of intelligence…
Spearman developed a statistical procedure call FACTOR ANALYS…
Intelligence
is the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and…
intelligence test
a method for assessing an individuals mental aptitudes and co…
92 terms
Psychology 3
sensation
Perception
Bottom up processing
top down processing
simple stimulation of a sense organ. Basic registration of li…
process of organizing, identifying, and interpreting sensory…
start with sensory receptors and work up to the brains integr…
previous experiences and expectations also contribute to the…
sensation
simple stimulation of a sense organ. Basic registration of li…
Perception
process of organizing, identifying, and interpreting sensory…
129 terms
Psychology 3
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Conscious Movement (Motor Cortex), executive functions, langu…
Tactile sensation, spatial reasoning, some language [2degree]
hearing/language[2degree] (primary auditory cortex), memory (…
Vision (primary visual cortex)
Frontal Lobe
Conscious Movement (Motor Cortex), executive functions, langu…
Parietal Lobe
Tactile sensation, spatial reasoning, some language [2degree]
78 terms
Unit 3 AP Psychology Myers
biological psychologists
neuron
dendrites
axon
the scientific study of the links between biological and psyc…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the neuron extension that passes and electrical messages thro…
biological psychologists
the scientific study of the links between biological and psyc…
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
26 terms
Psychology 3
Theory
Hypothesis
Method
Results
Comprehensive explanation of observable events
Clear precise prediction that can be tested
How you test your hypothesis and empirical research collect d…
Confirm
Theory
Comprehensive explanation of observable events
Hypothesis
Clear precise prediction that can be tested
14 terms
Psychology 3
5 ... (they recieve messages) ... They recie…
7 ... ( the suma is the brain of the cell…
6... ( the cell body is the life support…
4... ( Passes messages from the cell body…
What number are the dendrites located... What are the function o…
What number is the suma... What is it's function
What number is the cell body... What is its function
What number is the axon... What is its function
5 ... (they recieve messages) ... They recie…
What number are the dendrites located... What are the function o…
7 ... ( the suma is the brain of the cell…
What number is the suma... What is it's function
98 terms
Psychology 3
synesthesia
transductions
adaptations
sensations
describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ("a loud…
process where environmental stimuli cause an electrical respo…
decreasing response of sense organs, the more they are expose…
meaningless bits of information that result when the brain pr…
synesthesia
describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ("a loud…
transductions
process where environmental stimuli cause an electrical respo…
169 terms
Psychology #3
You know that genetics has given your…
Skinner's earliest work was conducted…
According to classical-conditioning th…
The key to whether presentations of a…
Tabula Rasa
Mazes
Generalization of a fear experience
Whether the stimulus is potentially harmful or rewarding
You know that genetics has given your…
Tabula Rasa
Skinner's earliest work was conducted…
Mazes
108 terms
Psychology #3
biological rhythm
circadian rhythm
sleep spindles and k complexes
delta waves
regular fluctuations in biological systems that are in tune w…
biological rhythms that occur on a 24-hour cycle that regulat…
During stage two of sleep there are short bursts of high peak…
are the brain waves that are slow, high amplitude waves occur…
biological rhythm
regular fluctuations in biological systems that are in tune w…
circadian rhythm
biological rhythms that occur on a 24-hour cycle that regulat…
29 terms
Psychology Ch. 3
Main parts of the nervous system
Primary units of the nervous system
Parts of the nerve cell
A chemical process of information exch…
brain and spinal cord
neurons
cell body, dendrites, and axons
Neural transmission
Main parts of the nervous system
brain and spinal cord
Primary units of the nervous system
neurons
120 terms
Psychology 3
FREUD... What is the Superego & ego? ... Wha…
Freuds Defense Mechanisms
Freuds Defense Mechanism: ... Repression
Freuds Defense Mechanism: ... Regression
-Operates in the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious. ... -…
The Ego attempts to resolve anxiety between the Ego (Instinct…
Repression is an ego defense mechanism by which information i…
Regression involves reverting to patterns of behavior that we…
FREUD... What is the Superego & ego? ... Wha…
-Operates in the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious. ... -…
Freuds Defense Mechanisms
The Ego attempts to resolve anxiety between the Ego (Instinct…
43 terms
Psychology 3 - Social Psychology
Social Psychology
What do we need in order to survive?
Prisoner's Dilemma
The Ultimatum Game
the study of the causes and consequences of sociality
Resources like food, water, and shelter. Sociality is one str…
benefits of cooperation, risk of non-cooperation
exposes a case in which people don't cooperate / 2 participan…
Social Psychology
the study of the causes and consequences of sociality
What do we need in order to survive?
Resources like food, water, and shelter. Sociality is one str…
Chapter 3 Psychology Vocabulary
Rooting Reflex
Gripping Reflex
Developmental Psychology
Socialization
Infant's response in turning toward the source of touching th…
Infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or h…
Study of changes that occur as an individual matures
Process of learning the behavior rules of one's culture
Rooting Reflex
Infant's response in turning toward the source of touching th…
Gripping Reflex
Infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or h…
78 terms
Unit 3 AP Psychology Myers
biological psychologists
neuron
dendrites
axon
the scientific study of the links between biological and psyc…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the neuron extension that passes and electrical messages thro…
biological psychologists
the scientific study of the links between biological and psyc…
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Psychology Chapter 7.3
Intelligence
Abilities of Intelligence
Measures of Intelligence
Albert Binet
Sum of cognitive abilities
Ability to learn from experience, adapt to surroundings, and…
Testing IQ and mental age
French scientist that developed a test for subnormal children…
Intelligence
Sum of cognitive abilities
Abilities of Intelligence
Ability to learn from experience, adapt to surroundings, and…
23 terms
Biological Psychology 3.3
affinity
agonist
amphetamine
anandamide
a drug has an ___ for a receptor if it binds to it
a drug that mimics or increases the effects of a neurotransmi…
a drug that blocks reuptake of dopamine and other neurotransm…
chemical that binds to cannabinoid receptors
affinity
a drug has an ___ for a receptor if it binds to it
agonist
a drug that mimics or increases the effects of a neurotransmi…
36 terms
psychology 3
learning
habituation
classical conditioning
unconditioned stimulus UCS
lasting change or behavior we have from results or practices
to respond to a stimulus, learned process
works better in laboratory, learned by association, sometimes…
stimulus that elicits a response without previous training
learning
lasting change or behavior we have from results or practices
habituation
to respond to a stimulus, learned process
15 terms
Psychology Ch. 3
d. unconscious mental activity
b. selective attention
c. the circadian rhythm
c. Stage 4
The simultaneous processing of information on many parallel t…
Drivers detect traffic signals more slowly if they are also t…
Staying up especially late on weekends is most likely to have…
Sleepwalking is most likely to be associated with ________ sl…
d. unconscious mental activity
The simultaneous processing of information on many parallel t…
b. selective attention
Drivers detect traffic signals more slowly if they are also t…
23 terms
Psychology ch 3
Sensation
Perception
Sensory Adaptation
Transduction
Just stimulation of receptors
understanding what the stimulation is.
you get used to something.
the action or process of converting something and especially…
Sensation
Just stimulation of receptors
Perception
understanding what the stimulation is.
47 terms
Psychology 3 - Psychological Disorders
Medical Student Syndrome
DSM V
3 Key Elements to qualify as a disorder
global assessment of functioning
when learning about diseases/disorders, thinking that you hav…
a system for classification of psych disorders / describes fe…
1) Symptoms that involve disturbances in behavior, thoughts,…
Psychological disorders exist on a continuum. Because of this…
Medical Student Syndrome
when learning about diseases/disorders, thinking that you hav…
DSM V
a system for classification of psych disorders / describes fe…
37 terms
AP Psychology Unit 3-Social Psychology
social psychology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
social psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
attribution theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
30 terms
Topic 3: Language & Psychology
linguistics (n)
language barrier (n)
dialect (n)
verbal (adj)
the scientific study of a language or of particular languages…
difficulties due to communicating in different languages.... The…
a form of language that people speak in a particular part of…
spoken rather than written ≠ non-verbal
linguistics (n)
the scientific study of a language or of particular languages…
language barrier (n)
difficulties due to communicating in different languages.... The…
35 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Review
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons (nerve cells)
Dendrites
Central Nervous System
Made up of nerve cells that send messages between the central…
Send and receive messages from other structures in the body (…
Thin fibers that receive information from other neurons; pass…
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Made up of nerve cells that send messages between the central…
Neurons (nerve cells)
Send and receive messages from other structures in the body (…
47 terms
Psychology and You: Chapter 3
cerebral cortex
hemisphere
corpus callosum
lobes
-the outermost layer of the brain ... -largest structure
one half of the cerebral cortex; each half controls that oppo…
-bundle of nerves that connect the two hemispheres... -allows th…
4 major divisions of the cerebral cortex
cerebral cortex
-the outermost layer of the brain ... -largest structure
hemisphere
one half of the cerebral cortex; each half controls that oppo…
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