Study sets matching "psych 3"

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Study sets matching "psych 3"

178 terms
Psychology #3
What is Memory?
What is Memory illusion?
What is the Paradox of Memory?
What is Memory is Reconstructive?
The retention of information over time
False but subjectively compelling "memory"
Memory illusion... False but subjectively compelling "memory"... O…
When remembering, we actively reconstruct memories, not passi…
What is Memory?
The retention of information over time
What is Memory illusion?
False but subjectively compelling "memory"
42 terms
Psychology Ch. 3 - Developmental Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Chromosomes
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
Genes
Branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and so…
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain genes.
A molecule containing the genetic information that makes up t…
The biochemical units of hereditary that make up the chromoso…
Developmental Psychology
Branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and so…
Chromosomes
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain genes.
39 terms
psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
DNA
gene
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the informa…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
37 terms
Psychology 3
List all the senses
Kinesthesis
Vestibular
Clairvoyant
1. sight... 2. smell... 3. hearing... 4. taste... 5. touch... a. pressure…
ability to feel movement of limbs and body
relating to sense of equilobrium
twin power
List all the senses
1. sight... 2. smell... 3. hearing... 4. taste... 5. touch... a. pressure…
Kinesthesis
ability to feel movement of limbs and body
193 terms
Psychology 3
Intelligence
intelligence test
Charles Spearman
two- factor theory of intelligence
is the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and…
a method for assessing an individuals mental aptitudes and co…
born in London... proposed the two factor theory of intelligence…
Spearman developed a statistical procedure call FACTOR ANALYS…
Intelligence
is the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and…
intelligence test
a method for assessing an individuals mental aptitudes and co…
5 terms
Psychology 3
Components of the Nervous System
Glia
Action potentials: Within Neurons
Neurotransmitters
Neurons, Glia (smaller, 10X as many)
-Structural Support... -Nutrition... -Waste Removal... -Form myelin sh…
-Receiving cell begins at resting potential... -Incoming positiv…
-Acetylcholine... -Dopamine... -Serotonin... -Norepinephrine... -GABA... -Gl…
Components of the Nervous System
Neurons, Glia (smaller, 10X as many)
Glia
-Structural Support... -Nutrition... -Waste Removal... -Form myelin sh…
26 terms
Psychology 3
Theory
Hypothesis
Method
Results
Comprehensive explanation of observable events
Clear precise prediction that can be tested
How you test your hypothesis and empirical research collect d…
Confirm
Theory
Comprehensive explanation of observable events
Hypothesis
Clear precise prediction that can be tested
18 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Review
Dopamine
Neurotransmitters:... (chemical messengers)
Damage to Broca's Area and Wernicke's…
Endocrine System
A neurotransmitter - involved in motor behavior
Chemicals that are stored in sacs in the axon terminals - A n…
Broca's area - Located in the frontal lobe; responsible for t…
Consists of 5 glands that secrete hormones.
Dopamine
A neurotransmitter - involved in motor behavior
Neurotransmitters:... (chemical messengers)
Chemicals that are stored in sacs in the axon terminals - A n…
66 terms
Psychology 3
Sensation
Perception
Absolute threshold
Difference threshold
Activation of sense organs by a source of physical... energy
Sorting out, interpretation, analysis, and integration... of sti…
the minimum stimulation... necessary to detect stimulus 50% of t…
JND
Sensation
Activation of sense organs by a source of physical... energy
Perception
Sorting out, interpretation, analysis, and integration... of sti…
33 terms
Psychology 3
Development Psychology
Grasping Reflex
Rooting Reflex
Telegraphic Speech
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his o…
an infant's response in turning toward the source of touching…
the kind of verbal utterances in which words are left out, bu…
Development Psychology
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
Grasping Reflex
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his o…
78 terms
#3 Brain Unit (AP Psychology)
Biological psychology
Chromosomes
Behavior Geneticists
Genes
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
Trying to answer the question of nature (heredity) or nurture…
Biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes... C…
Biological psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Chromosomes
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
43 terms
Psychology 3 - Social Psychology
Social Psychology
What do we need in order to survive?
Prisoner's Dilemma
The Ultimatum Game
the study of the causes and consequences of sociality
Resources like food, water, and shelter. Sociality is one str…
benefits of cooperation, risk of non-cooperation
exposes a case in which people don't cooperate / 2 participan…
Social Psychology
the study of the causes and consequences of sociality
What do we need in order to survive?
Resources like food, water, and shelter. Sociality is one str…
Psychology Chapter 3
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
neurons
Cell Body
brain and spinal cord
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
nerve cells--run through our entire body and communicate with…
produces energy that fuels the activity of the cell
Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerve cells that send messages between CNS and the rest of th…
78 terms
#3 Brain Unit (AP Psychology)
Biological psychology
Chromosomes
Behavior Geneticists
Genes
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
Trying to answer the question of nature (heredity) or nurture…
Biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes... C…
Biological psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Chromosomes
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
42 terms
Chapter 3: Ciccarelli Psychology
Sensation
Pupil
Iris
Cornea
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Iris opening that changes size depending on the amount of lig…
Its muscles control the size of the pupil.
Bends light waves to the image can be focused on the retina.
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Pupil
Iris opening that changes size depending on the amount of lig…
24 terms
psychology 3
who developed the Theory of Cognitive…
schemes?
a mental representation or image is an…
what are Piaget's 4 stages?
Jean Piaget
basic building blacks of thinking
scheme
-sensorimotor... -pre operational... -concrete operational ... -formal…
who developed the Theory of Cognitive…
Jean Piaget
schemes?
basic building blacks of thinking
66 terms
AP psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
evolution
natural selection
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
the gradual change in a species over time
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variat…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
Psychology 3
chunking
mnemonics
spacing effect
testing effect
organizing items into familiar, manageable units
memory aides, especially those techniques that use vivid imag…
the tendency for distributed study or practice to yield bette…
enhanced memory after retrieving rather than simply re-readin…
chunking
organizing items into familiar, manageable units
mnemonics
memory aides, especially those techniques that use vivid imag…
15 terms
Psychology 3
Personality
Nature
Nurture
Chromosomes
the way you are and you act
it's genetic, things were inherited, "you were born this way"
it's environmental, humans are born with a blank slate and ar…
threadlike structures made of DNA that contain genes; basical…
Personality
the way you are and you act
Nature
it's genetic, things were inherited, "you were born this way"
40 terms
(Psychology 1) #3 Brain Unit
Dendrites
Axon
Soma
Myelin Sheath
the part of a neuron that receives messages from other neurons
the body of a neuron that allows the message to travel down
the cell body that processes nutrients and provide energy for…
a white fatty layer or "skin" wrapped around the axon that ca…
Dendrites
the part of a neuron that receives messages from other neurons
Axon
the body of a neuron that allows the message to travel down
psychology 3
learning
habituation
classical conditioning
unconditioned stimulus UCS
lasting change or behavior we have from results or practices
to respond to a stimulus, learned process
works better in laboratory, learned by association, sometimes…
stimulus that elicits a response without previous training
learning
lasting change or behavior we have from results or practices
habituation
to respond to a stimulus, learned process
35 terms
Psychology Chapter 3 Review
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons (nerve cells)
Dendrites
Central Nervous System
Made up of nerve cells that send messages between the central…
Send and receive messages from other structures in the body (…
Thin fibers that receive information from other neurons; pass…
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Made up of nerve cells that send messages between the central…
Neurons (nerve cells)
Send and receive messages from other structures in the body (…
29 terms
Psychology Ch. 3
Main parts of the nervous system
Primary units of the nervous system
Parts of the nerve cell
A chemical process of information exch…
brain and spinal cord
neurons
cell body, dendrites, and axons
Neural transmission
Main parts of the nervous system
brain and spinal cord
Primary units of the nervous system
neurons
126 terms
Psychology 3
Forebrain
Midbrain
Hindbrain
Proencephalon
Proencephalon (superior neural tube) --> cerebral cortex, tha…
Mesencephalon (medial neural tube) --> superior and inferior…
Rhombencephalon (inferior neural tube) --> medulla, pons, cer…
telencephalon (olfactory bulb, cerebral cortex, basal ganglia…
Forebrain
Proencephalon (superior neural tube) --> cerebral cortex, tha…
Midbrain
Mesencephalon (medial neural tube) --> superior and inferior…
Psychology #3
Longitudinal research
Cross-sectional research
Habituation
Reflexes at young age
Research design that examines development in the same group o…
Research design that examines people of different ages at a s…
The process of responding less strongly over time to a repeat…
Sucking, grasping, stepping, Moro, startle, open mouth, stick…
Longitudinal research
Research design that examines development in the same group o…
Cross-sectional research
Research design that examines people of different ages at a s…
psychology # 3
If your ____ is destroyed, the left si…
The reticular formation is located in…
Severing a cat's reticular formation f…
Which region of the brainstem takes yo…
Brainstem
Brainstem
lapse into a coma
Reticular formation
If your ____ is destroyed, the left si…
Brainstem
The reticular formation is located in…
Brainstem
51 terms
Psychology 3
Cerebral Cortex
Fissure
Hemisphere
Corpus Callosum
Outermost layer of the brain; controls high-level mental proc…
A depression marking off an area of the cerebral cortex
One half of the cerebral cortex; each half controls the oppos…
A large bundle of nerve fibers that transfer information from…
Cerebral Cortex
Outermost layer of the brain; controls high-level mental proc…
Fissure
A depression marking off an area of the cerebral cortex
49 terms
Psychology 3
Carl Rogers' theory of personality and…
case study
cell body (soma)
central nervous system
Self-concept = the organized, consistent set of perceptions a…
An intensive study of a single individual or small group of i…
The part of a cell that processes nutrients and provides ener…
The division of the nervous system that consists of the brain…
Carl Rogers' theory of personality and…
Self-concept = the organized, consistent set of perceptions a…
case study
An intensive study of a single individual or small group of i…
Psychology #3
Neurons
glial cells
myelin
axons
specialized cell of the nervous system that receives and tran…
remove the dead neurons and waste; nourish and insulate neurons
fat that insulates the axon from electrically charged atoms
send messages
Neurons
specialized cell of the nervous system that receives and tran…
glial cells
remove the dead neurons and waste; nourish and insulate neurons
Psychology 3
Correlation
Distribution
Frequency
Functionalist
measure of relationship between two variables or sets of data
arrangement or classification of data
arrangement of data that indicates how often a particular sco…
psychologist who studied the function (rather than the struct…
Correlation
measure of relationship between two variables or sets of data
Distribution
arrangement or classification of data
129 terms
Psychology 3
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Conscious Movement (Motor Cortex), executive functions, langu…
Tactile sensation, spatial reasoning, some language [2degree]
hearing/language[2degree] (primary auditory cortex), memory (…
Vision (primary visual cortex)
Frontal Lobe
Conscious Movement (Motor Cortex), executive functions, langu…
Parietal Lobe
Tactile sensation, spatial reasoning, some language [2degree]
119 terms
Psychology 3
Instinct Theory
Drive Reduction Theory
Homeostasis
Hierarchy of Needs
biological or genetic programming as the cause of motivation
the idea that humans are motivated to reduce drives in order…
balance in your body
theory proposed by Maslow that stated humans strive to ensure…
Instinct Theory
biological or genetic programming as the cause of motivation
Drive Reduction Theory
the idea that humans are motivated to reduce drives in order…
Psychology 3
Intelligence
intelligence test
Charles Spearman
two- factor theory of intelligence
is the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and…
a method for assessing an individuals mental aptitudes and co…
born in London... proposed the two factor theory of intelligence…
Spearman developed a statistical procedure call FACTOR ANALYS…
Intelligence
is the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and…
intelligence test
a method for assessing an individuals mental aptitudes and co…
169 terms
Psychology #3
You know that genetics has given your…
Skinner's earliest work was conducted…
According to classical-conditioning th…
The key to whether presentations of a…
Tabula Rasa
Mazes
Generalization of a fear experience
Whether the stimulus is potentially harmful or rewarding
You know that genetics has given your…
Tabula Rasa
Skinner's earliest work was conducted…
Mazes
92 terms
Psychology 3
sensation
Perception
Bottom up processing
top down processing
simple stimulation of a sense organ. Basic registration of li…
process of organizing, identifying, and interpreting sensory…
start with sensory receptors and work up to the brains integr…
previous experiences and expectations also contribute to the…
sensation
simple stimulation of a sense organ. Basic registration of li…
Perception
process of organizing, identifying, and interpreting sensory…
42 terms
Psychology 3
The Nervous System
Major Division
Peripheral Nervous System... 3 kinds of n…
Skeletal/SOmatic Nervous System
Body's electrochemical communication system... Comprised of bill…
Central VS. Peripheral
Motor- CNS to muscles and glands... Sensory-sensory receptors to…
Nerves to/from spinal cord... control muscle movements
The Nervous System
Body's electrochemical communication system... Comprised of bill…
Major Division
Central VS. Peripheral
Psychology Chapter 7.3
Intelligence
Abilities of Intelligence
Measures of Intelligence
Albert Binet
Sum of cognitive abilities
Ability to learn from experience, adapt to surroundings, and…
Testing IQ and mental age
French scientist that developed a test for subnormal children…
Intelligence
Sum of cognitive abilities
Abilities of Intelligence
Ability to learn from experience, adapt to surroundings, and…
14 terms
Psychology 3
5 ... (they recieve messages) ... They recie…
7 ... ( the suma is the brain of the cell…
6... ( the cell body is the life support…
4... ( Passes messages from the cell body…
What number are the dendrites located... What are the function o…
What number is the suma... What is it's function
What number is the cell body... What is its function
What number is the axon... What is its function
5 ... (they recieve messages) ... They recie…
What number are the dendrites located... What are the function o…
7 ... ( the suma is the brain of the cell…
What number is the suma... What is it's function
98 terms
Psychology 3
synesthesia
transductions
adaptations
sensations
describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ("a loud…
process where environmental stimuli cause an electrical respo…
decreasing response of sense organs, the more they are expose…
meaningless bits of information that result when the brain pr…
synesthesia
describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ("a loud…
transductions
process where environmental stimuli cause an electrical respo…
42 terms
PSYCHOLOGY-3
PERSONALITY
TRAIT THEORY
BIOLOGICAL THEORY
TEMPERMENT
MOST FUNDAMENTALLY THE COLLECTION OF LASTING CHARACTERISTICS…
- PERSONALITY CONSISTS OF A SET OF TRAITS WHICH ARE CHARACTER…
-ASSUMES THAT A PERSON'S GENOME CONTRIBUTES TO THE FORMATION…
- INNATE GENETICALLY INFLUENCED "BASELINE" OF PERSONALITY THA…
PERSONALITY
MOST FUNDAMENTALLY THE COLLECTION OF LASTING CHARACTERISTICS…
TRAIT THEORY
- PERSONALITY CONSISTS OF A SET OF TRAITS WHICH ARE CHARACTER…
108 terms
Psychology #3
biological rhythm
circadian rhythm
sleep spindles and k complexes
delta waves
regular fluctuations in biological systems that are in tune w…
biological rhythms that occur on a 24-hour cycle that regulat…
During stage two of sleep there are short bursts of high peak…
are the brain waves that are slow, high amplitude waves occur…
biological rhythm
regular fluctuations in biological systems that are in tune w…
circadian rhythm
biological rhythms that occur on a 24-hour cycle that regulat…
9 terms
Psychology 3
Positive Psychology
Well being
Flow
Benefit of exercise
A movement in psychology that focuses on the study of optimal…
Life satisfaction, fufillment, pleasant emotions low level of…
State of optimal experience that involves a challenge, requir…
Reduce anxiety + depression, leads to self confidence, and se…
Positive Psychology
A movement in psychology that focuses on the study of optimal…
Well being
Life satisfaction, fufillment, pleasant emotions low level of…
45 terms
Psychology 3
Internal locus of control
Cannon-Bard theory
Collectivism
See an oncoming car; heart pounds and,…
Julie believes that only she can turn her life around and be…
Gale looks down while sitting at the top of the Ferris wheel.…
A person from a culture that emphasizes ___________ gives pri…
According to the Cannon-Bard theory of emotion, which is the…
Internal locus of control
Julie believes that only she can turn her life around and be…
Cannon-Bard theory
Gale looks down while sitting at the top of the Ferris wheel.…
73 terms
Psychology #3
Spirit
Conscience
Soul
Memory
furnace
imprintation
interprets
storehouse
Spirit
furnace
Conscience
imprintation
120 terms
Psychology 3
FREUD... What is the Superego & ego? ... Wha…
Freuds Defense Mechanisms
Freuds Defense Mechanism: ... Repression
Freuds Defense Mechanism: ... Regression
-Operates in the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious. ... -…
The Ego attempts to resolve anxiety between the Ego (Instinct…
Repression is an ego defense mechanism by which information i…
Regression involves reverting to patterns of behavior that we…
FREUD... What is the Superego & ego? ... Wha…
-Operates in the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious. ... -…
Freuds Defense Mechanisms
The Ego attempts to resolve anxiety between the Ego (Instinct…
16 terms
Psychology 3
Fixation
Oral fixation
Anal fixation
Fixations
Stuck in oral stage
Traumatic experience or inappropriate weaning
Traumatic experience or inappropriate toilet training
During the phallic stage ... -seductive females ... -overtop male
Fixation
Stuck in oral stage
Oral fixation
Traumatic experience or inappropriate weaning
Psychology 3
Biological psychology
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
Scientific study of the links between biological and psycholo…
A nerve cell the basic building block of
A neurons bushy branching extensions that receive messages an…
The neuron extension that passes messages through its branche…
Biological psychology
Scientific study of the links between biological and psycholo…
Neuron
A nerve cell the basic building block of
19 terms
Psychology 3
Neurons
Sensory neurons
Motor neurons
Interneurons
Cells in the nervous system that communicate with one another…
Receive information from external world and conveys this info…
Carry signals from spinal cord to muscles to produce movement
Connect sensory neurons, motor neurons, and other interneurons
Neurons
Cells in the nervous system that communicate with one another…
Sensory neurons
Receive information from external world and conveys this info…
25 terms
psychology 3
failing to see visible objects when ou…
daily fluctuations
LSD
experiences uncontrollable attacks of…
intentional blindness
circadian rhythm refers to
an altered state of consciousness in which people experience…
narcolepsy is a disorder in which a person
failing to see visible objects when ou…
intentional blindness
daily fluctuations
circadian rhythm refers to
Psychology #3
Descriptive Research
case study
observational study
naturalistic study
tell the researcher tell whats going on
researcher looks at one person, person, or organization and l…
researcher observes, measures, and records behavior
is in the natural environment and see what happens in the rea…
Descriptive Research
tell the researcher tell whats going on
case study
researcher looks at one person, person, or organization and l…
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