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Study sets matching "psych 477"

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Study sets matching "psych 477"

100 terms
PSYCH 477 EXAM 2
ASD has shown ________ fold increased…
___ in _____ children have ASD... ___ to…
_______ million individuals in the US…
How many percent of children show sign…
600
1 in 68 children... 1 to 2 percent
2
25%
ASD has shown ________ fold increased…
600
___ in _____ children have ASD... ___ to…
1 in 68 children... 1 to 2 percent
145 terms
Psych 477 Exam One Study Guide
2007 United Nations Treaty
Adaptational failure
Adultmorphism
Alan Case Study
convention on the rights of persons with disabilities; intend…
the failure to master or progress in accomplishing developmen…
views that childhood behavior disorders represent down extens…
Alans diagnosis: DSM-IV ... Axis I: Attention Deficit/ Hyperacti…
2007 United Nations Treaty
convention on the rights of persons with disabilities; intend…
Adaptational failure
the failure to master or progress in accomplishing developmen…
11 terms
Psych 477 - Bullies and their Victims
Definition of Bullying
Forms of Bullying
Examples of Social & Relational Aggres…
Electronic Bullying
Repeated exposure to intentional negative... actions of another…
Overt physical aggression... Social and relational aggression…
- Excluding a child from play or group activities... - Telling l…
Use of information and communication technologies to support…
Definition of Bullying
Repeated exposure to intentional negative... actions of another…
Forms of Bullying
Overt physical aggression... Social and relational aggression…
26 terms
Psych 477 - ADHD: A Lifespand Disorder
Historical notes
Current conceptualization
Costs to individuals, social groups, s…
Core Symptoms: Inattention
Dr. Still: 1902... misguided concepts of brain damage... Douglas, 6…
...
- personal suffering and impaired functioning ... - stress in fa…
Clinical features... Multiple dimensions... - Working memory... - Sel…
Historical notes
Dr. Still: 1902... misguided concepts of brain damage... Douglas, 6…
Current conceptualization
...
10 terms
Psych 477 - Lecture One
Children's Mental Health: U.S. in the…
Scientific study of child psychopathol…
Adultomorphism
Defining Psychopathology in Children a…
- 1/5 U.S. children have mental health problems that signific…
- relatively young... - rooted in evolving social concepts of "c…
views that childhood behavior disorders represent down extens…
Deviance from developmental norms... • Normal development: conti…
Children's Mental Health: U.S. in the…
- 1/5 U.S. children have mental health problems that signific…
Scientific study of child psychopathol…
- relatively young... - rooted in evolving social concepts of "c…
19 terms
Psych 477 Lecture 4
Research Processess
Video: Lab paradigm for eliciting cove…
Research processes: Reliability
Research processes: Validity
UNIQUENESS of research processes with children... Questions we…
- give a kid an "impossible task" and offer them a prize if t…
Next, we must use reliable measurement strategies... • Interra…
Our measurement strategies also must be valid... • Internal va…
Research Processess
UNIQUENESS of research processes with children... Questions we…
Video: Lab paradigm for eliciting cove…
- give a kid an "impossible task" and offer them a prize if t…
11 terms
Psych 477 Lecture 2
Explaining the causes of child psychop…
The Case of Jeffrey
What caused Jeffrey's problems?
theoretical perspectives
" Absence of psychopathology does not imply competence; Stren…
"In the middle of the night, on May 11, l993, in the rural No…
...
" Etiology: the causes of psychopathology or even a medical d…
Explaining the causes of child psychop…
" Absence of psychopathology does not imply competence; Stren…
The Case of Jeffrey
"In the middle of the night, on May 11, l993, in the rural No…
155 terms
PSYCH 477 EXAM 1
Brain structure and function
Hypothalamic- pituitary-adrenal axis
Neurotransmitters implicated in psycho…
GABA
Endocrine system; adrenal glands release epinephrine in respo…
Major neuroendocrine pathway relevant to the stress response…
GABA, Dopamine, Norepinephrine, Seretonin
Reduces arousal, moderates emotional response; anxiety disorder
Brain structure and function
Endocrine system; adrenal glands release epinephrine in respo…
Hypothalamic- pituitary-adrenal axis
Major neuroendocrine pathway relevant to the stress response…
21 terms
Psych 477 Lecture 3
Developmental Tasks
Concept of Risk
Biological Risk Factors
Examples of Biological Risk Factors
- Broadly integrative:... --> Cut across affective, cognitive, s…
What is risk? How shall we define it?... - Any factor that incre…
Hereditary influences... - behavioral genetics (family studies,…
Abnormalities in brain structure and function ... Neuroendrocri…
Developmental Tasks
- Broadly integrative:... --> Cut across affective, cognitive, s…
Concept of Risk
What is risk? How shall we define it?... - Any factor that incre…
17 terms
Psych 477 Lecture 5
Autism spectrum disorder (what has cha…
DSM-5 Criteria: Autism Spectrum Disorder
jenny case example
robert case example
new umbrella diagnosis that includes previous Autistic Disord…
A. Persistent deficits in social communication and social int…
Jenny, age 7, attended a day school for children with severe…
Robert's parents had no concerns about his early development.…
Autism spectrum disorder (what has cha…
new umbrella diagnosis that includes previous Autistic Disord…
DSM-5 Criteria: Autism Spectrum Disorder
A. Persistent deficits in social communication and social int…
171 terms
Psych 477 Exam 1
2007 United Nations Treaty
Adaptational failures, plus example
How many children have a mental health…
How much of children who need psycholo…
1) Gov't will make sure all children with diasbilities will e…
Failure to hit developmental milestones at the right pace. Ha…
1/5
50-75%
2007 United Nations Treaty
1) Gov't will make sure all children with diasbilities will e…
Adaptational failures, plus example
Failure to hit developmental milestones at the right pace. Ha…
135 terms
psych 477 test 1
2007 united nations treaty
adaptational failure
adultmorphism
applied behavior analysis (ABA)
convention on the rights of persons with disabilities; intend…
the failure to master or progress in accomplishing developmen…
the view that childhood disorders are downward extensions of…
examines the relationship between behavior and its antecedent…
2007 united nations treaty
convention on the rights of persons with disabilities; intend…
adaptational failure
the failure to master or progress in accomplishing developmen…
106 terms
Psych 477 Exam 2
Diagnostic Criteria and Specifiers for…
ASD Prevalence
ASD Course and Predictors of Outcome
ASD Common Co-morbidities
A. persistent deficits in social communication and social int…
-child and adult samples: 1% (1/88)... -600-fold increase since…
two most useful predictors: IQ>70 and communicative speech by…
-language disorders... -intellectual disability: 70% of children…
Diagnostic Criteria and Specifiers for…
A. persistent deficits in social communication and social int…
ASD Prevalence
-child and adult samples: 1% (1/88)... -600-fold increase since…
45 terms
Psych 477 Exam 2
Prevalence of ASD
Attachment patterns of ASD
Common comorbidities of ASD
Gender differences in ASD
Present in about 1% of children and adults, with a huge incre…
Most children with ASD show secure attachments to their paren…
...
Boy:Girl ratio of 4:1
Prevalence of ASD
Present in about 1% of children and adults, with a huge incre…
Attachment patterns of ASD
Most children with ASD show secure attachments to their paren…
111 terms
Psych 477 Exam 1
Qualitative Research
What were children's disturbing behavi…
Incidence Rates
Prevalence Rates
focuses on narrative accounts, description, interpretation, c…
possession by the devil or other evil forces
a new number of cases in a given time (number of new youth di…
all existing cases in a given period (number of total youth d…
Qualitative Research
focuses on narrative accounts, description, interpretation, c…
What were children's disturbing behavi…
possession by the devil or other evil forces
114 terms
Psych 477 Exam 1
Children's Mental Health Prevalence
Adultomorphism
Children's Mental Health Treatment Rate
Developmental Norms & Significance
1/5 (20%) ... 10-20% have at least 1 psychological disorder
view that childhood behavior disorders represent downward ext…
30-50% (50-70% do not get treated)
What is considered normal development and behavior for a part…
Children's Mental Health Prevalence
1/5 (20%) ... 10-20% have at least 1 psychological disorder
Adultomorphism
view that childhood behavior disorders represent downward ext…
70 terms
psych 477 6-10
adolescence developmental tasks
Diagnosis Pros and Cons
Discontinuity
DSM-IV-TR multiaxial diagnostic system
successful schooling, academic achievement, involvement in ex…
cons, stigma, adult criteria, comorbidity, disorders not cate…
implies that developmental changes are abrupt and qualitative…
axis are clinical disorder, MR or PD (relivant medical condit…
adolescence developmental tasks
successful schooling, academic achievement, involvement in ex…
Diagnosis Pros and Cons
cons, stigma, adult criteria, comorbidity, disorders not cate…
79 terms
Psych477 Final Exam
anxiety disorders, ADHD, disruptive di…
90
70
14-15 years
most children with MDD have 1+ disorders (40-70%), such as th…
approximately what percentage of people with mood disorders r…
approximately what percentage of people that recover from moo…
what is the average age of mood disorders onset?
anxiety disorders, ADHD, disruptive di…
most children with MDD have 1+ disorders (40-70%), such as th…
90
approximately what percentage of people with mood disorders r…
19 terms
Psych 477 EXAM 3Mood Disorders
Causes of MDD
Rumination and co-rumination
Treatment of MDD in children/youth (dr…
Gene-environment interactions and risk…
Heritability estimates: .3 - .4 overall... twin studies: herita…
Rumination - refers to the tendency to repetitively think abo…
Inpatient ... • severe depression ... • suicidal behavior... ... ... Drug…
environmental stress moderates effects of specific gene varia…
Causes of MDD
Heritability estimates: .3 - .4 overall... twin studies: herita…
Rumination and co-rumination
Rumination - refers to the tendency to repetitively think abo…
55 terms
psych477 11-15
Random assignment
nope
nope
inter-rater reliability
protects against having differing control and experiment groups
nope
nope
consistency within a team, similar numbers for every member
Random assignment
protects against having differing control and experiment groups
nope
nope
77 terms
1-5 psych477
2007 United Nations Treaty
Adaptational failure
Adultmorphism
Nope
article 7 says that parities shall take all necessary measure…
failure to master or progress in accomplishing developmental…
view that childhood behavior disorders represent downward ext…
Nope
2007 United Nations Treaty
article 7 says that parities shall take all necessary measure…
Adaptational failure
failure to master or progress in accomplishing developmental…
8 terms
Psych 477 Exam 2 Bullying
Definition of bullying
Characteristics of victims of bullying…
3 forms of bullying
3 types of bullies
Repeated exposure to intentional negative actions of another…
1) Anxious and insecure... 2) Cautious, sensitive, quiet ... 3) Non…
1) Overt physical aggression... 2) Social and relational aggress…
1) Typical bully: aggressive, low empathy, likes violence... 2)…
Definition of bullying
Repeated exposure to intentional negative actions of another…
Characteristics of victims of bullying…
1) Anxious and insecure... 2) Cautious, sensitive, quiet ... 3) Non…
62 terms
Psych 477 made by ED
2007 United Nations Treaty
Adaptational failures, plus example
How many children have a mental health…
How much of children who need psycholo…
1) Gov't will make sure all children with diasbilities will e…
Failure to hit developmental milestones at the right pace. Ha…
1/5
50-75%
2007 United Nations Treaty
1) Gov't will make sure all children with diasbilities will e…
Adaptational failures, plus example
Failure to hit developmental milestones at the right pace. Ha…
45 terms
psy 477 (quiz 5/3)
The Innocence Project completed an ana…
Which of the following statements is N…
The cognitive interview that emphasize…
Sometimes police just look for evidenc…
mistaken eyewitness identification
Witness confidence is a good indicator of witness accuracy.
hypnotizing the victim
confirmation bias
The Innocence Project completed an ana…
mistaken eyewitness identification
Which of the following statements is N…
Witness confidence is a good indicator of witness accuracy.
15 terms
N477 Psych Exam 2 - Terms
Alogia
Avolition
Anhedonia
Cataplexy
Poverty of speech (schizophrenia)
Inability to initiate or persist in activities (schizophrenia)
Inability to experience pleasure (schizophrenia)
Waxy flexibility (catatonic schizophrenia)
Alogia
Poverty of speech (schizophrenia)
Avolition
Inability to initiate or persist in activities (schizophrenia)
26 terms
Psych 477 Autism Spectrum Disorders (Reading: Ch.6)
Diagnostic criteria and specifiers for…
Prevalence
Course and predictors of outcome
Gender differences
• Prevalence ... • Course and predictors of outcome... • Gender dif…
• Prevalence for Autism Spectrum Child and adult samples: 1%…
• Lifespan disorder but not degenerative...children can and d…
B > G 4:1
Diagnostic criteria and specifiers for…
• Prevalence ... • Course and predictors of outcome... • Gender dif…
Prevalence
• Prevalence for Autism Spectrum Child and adult samples: 1%…
150 terms
psych 477 test 1 pt.2 made by ed
2007 united nations treaty
adaptational failure
adultmorphism
applied behavior analysis (ABA)
convention on the rights of persons with disabilities; intend…
the failure to master or progress in accomplishing developmen…
the view that childhood disorders are downward extensions of…
examines the relationship between behavior and its antecedent…
2007 united nations treaty
convention on the rights of persons with disabilities; intend…
adaptational failure
the failure to master or progress in accomplishing developmen…
14 terms
PSYCH 477 EXAM 3Anxiety Disorders and OCD
Age of onset, childhood anxiety disord…
Protective factors, extreme shyness in…
Clinical/diagnostic features of Genera…
Clinical/diagnostic features of Separa…
Most common anxiety disorder in children < 12 years... • 4% 6-12…
...
A. Excessive anxiety or worry occurring more days than not fo…
Age-inappropriate, excessive anxiety/fear concerning separati…
Age of onset, childhood anxiety disord…
Most common anxiety disorder in children < 12 years... • 4% 6-12…
Protective factors, extreme shyness in…
...
25 terms
477 Final - Personality Disorders & Somatic Symptom Disorders
personality
personality disorder
paranoid
schizoid
An enduring and consistent style of thinking and behaving. Pr…
enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviat…
Cluster A: Believe that they must be on their guard all the t…
Cluster A: cold/detached. Loaners, solitary life, little inte…
personality
An enduring and consistent style of thinking and behaving. Pr…
personality disorder
enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviat…
PSYC 107 Chapter 14 pp 459-477
On average, what benefit arises from p…
As opposed to a trait, a state is more
Why is personality measurement so diff…
What criterion did personality researc…
improved coping with stress
temporary
The behaviors constituting personality change from moment to…
not correlate strongly with one another.
On average, what benefit arises from p…
improved coping with stress
As opposed to a trait, a state is more
temporary
32 terms
Exam 2 Chapter 6 (ASD)
Diagnostic criteria and specifiers for…
Prevalence
Course and predictors of outcome
Gender differences
A. Persistent deficits in social communication and social int…
• Child and adult samples: 1% (1/88 US)... • Apparent 600-fold i…
SIB... 50% do not develop communicative speech... Lifespan disor…
• B > G 4:1
Diagnostic criteria and specifiers for…
A. Persistent deficits in social communication and social int…
Prevalence
• Child and adult samples: 1% (1/88 US)... • Apparent 600-fold i…
24 terms
N477 Exam 1: DSM V
Axis I
Axis II
Axis III
Axis IV
According to DSM IV, this axis provides information about cli…
According to DSM IV, this axis provides information about per…
According to DSM IV, this axis provides information about any…
According to DSM IV, this axis is used to describe psychosoci…
Axis I
According to DSM IV, this axis provides information about cli…
Axis II
According to DSM IV, this axis provides information about per…
60 terms
477 Exam 3 (made by jess)
Causes of MDD
Rumination
Co-rumination
Treatment for MDD
...
obsession over negative events ... factor in perpetuating sympt…
rumination w/ peers, overanalyzing negative events, can go on…
inpatient if severe ... SSRI's (can lead to increased suicide r…
Causes of MDD
...
Rumination
obsession over negative events ... factor in perpetuating sympt…
21 terms
N477 legal and ethical considerations
Confidentiality
when can patient information be shared
privacy
informed consent
- Parent or guardian feigns illness in their child (falsifica…
- when a person is a danger to self or others... - nurses must b…
- Being apart from others, out of view or hearing range, to c…
- Patients must be made aware of risks and benefits of treatm…
Confidentiality
- Parent or guardian feigns illness in their child (falsifica…
when can patient information be shared
- when a person is a danger to self or others... - nurses must b…
22 terms
N477 Exam 2
affect
cyclothymic disorder
schizoaffective disorder
brief psychotic disorder
outward display of emotion
two years of both hypomanic and depressive periods without me…
a major depressive, manic or mixed episode occurs concurrentl…
sudden onset of at least one positive symptom of schizophreni…
affect
outward display of emotion
cyclothymic disorder
two years of both hypomanic and depressive periods without me…
85 terms
477
international marketing
domestic environment uncontrollables
foreign environment uncontrollables
self-reference criterion
the performance of business activities designed to plan, pric…
home-country elements that can have a direct effect on the su…
political/legal forces, economic forces, competitive forces,…
unconscious reference to one's own cultural values, experienc…
international marketing
the performance of business activities designed to plan, pric…
domestic environment uncontrollables
home-country elements that can have a direct effect on the su…
124 terms
Psych 477 Exam 1
Adaptational Failure
Attachment
Adultmorphism
Alan Case Study
Failure to master or progress in accomplishing developmental…
the process of establishing and maintaining an emotional bond…
view that childhood behavior disorders represent downward ext…
referred by teacher for inappropriate behavior, poor social a…
Adaptational Failure
Failure to master or progress in accomplishing developmental…
Attachment
the process of establishing and maintaining an emotional bond…
11 terms
Eating Disorders
Eating Disorders: What has changed in…
Anorexia Nervosa: DSM-5
Case Example
Descriptive features
- Child and adult disorders combined into new category... - Feed…
A. Restriction of energy intake relative to requirements, lea…
At 15 Alma had been healthy and well developed, had menstruat…
Sex differences ... - more prevalent in girls than boys ... Preva…
Eating Disorders: What has changed in…
- Child and adult disorders combined into new category... - Feed…
Anorexia Nervosa: DSM-5
A. Restriction of energy intake relative to requirements, lea…
17 terms
N477 Conceptual Models of Psychiatric Treatment
Psychoanalytic model
Psychosexual Developmental Stages
Psychoanalysis
Transference
Sigmund Freud is 1st person to look at psychological lives of…
Freud identified development stages with specific tasks... Fixa…
Therapist takes on parent like role... Patient responds primaril…
Transference impacts efficacy (patient)... Repetition in the pr…
Psychoanalytic model
Sigmund Freud is 1st person to look at psychological lives of…
Psychosexual Developmental Stages
Freud identified development stages with specific tasks... Fixa…
25 terms
N477 Delirium/Dementia
Cognition
Cognitive Functioning is essential for…
Dementia
Risk Factors for Dementia
The brain's ability to process, retain, and use information…
Decision making... Problem solving... Interpreting environmental cu…
Progressive decline in memory and at least one other cognitiv…
Age... Down's syndrome... Head injury... Fewer years of education... Fema…
Cognition
The brain's ability to process, retain, and use information…
Cognitive Functioning is essential for…
Decision making... Problem solving... Interpreting environmental cu…
34 terms
N477 Defense Mechanisms
Repression
Denial
Rationalization
Projection
Definition: unconscious exclusion of upsetting thoughts from…
Def: refusal to face/accept reality... Ex: woman who drinks alc…
Def: inappropriately justifying using logic while distancing…
Def: attributing own unacceptable feelings or motives, to ano…
Repression
Definition: unconscious exclusion of upsetting thoughts from…
Denial
Def: refusal to face/accept reality... Ex: woman who drinks alc…
109 terms
Psych 477 Exam 1
Adaptational failure
adultmorphism
Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA)
Functional analysis of behavior
inability to adapt to changing environments, need to understa…
belief that child disorders are downward extensions of adult…
process of systematically applying interventions based on lea…
problem-solving process for addressing behavioral problems by…
Adaptational failure
inability to adapt to changing environments, need to understa…
adultmorphism
belief that child disorders are downward extensions of adult…
143 terms
Psych 477 Final
Behavior Therapy Section
Behavioral approaches are appealing be…
Behavioral approaches are appealing be…
Name 2 Examples of Behavioral Treatment
Begin
Concrete Plans of Action
Measurable and often Observable Outcomes
Be able to get on an airplane and fly to Fiji... Have a depresse…
Behavior Therapy Section
Begin
Behavioral approaches are appealing be…
Concrete Plans of Action
44 terms
N477 Psychotics
All Psychotic Disorders
Characteristics Symptoms of Schizophre…
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia Positive symptoms
Psychotic symptoms is defining characteristic... Psychotic = de…
Range of cognitive and emotional dysfunctions... Include percep…
Inability to maintain orientation to reality.... Prevalence: 1-1…
Delusions... Prominent hallucinations... Disorganized speech... Grossl…
All Psychotic Disorders
Psychotic symptoms is defining characteristic... Psychotic = de…
Characteristics Symptoms of Schizophre…
Range of cognitive and emotional dysfunctions... Include percep…
53 terms
Psych 477 Exam 1
construct validity
internal validity
face validity
external validity
if scores on a measure behave as predicted by theory or past…
how confidently one can conclude that the change in the depen…
a measure of how representative a research project is 'at fac…
the degree to which findings can be generalized
construct validity
if scores on a measure behave as predicted by theory or past…
internal validity
how confidently one can conclude that the change in the depen…
25 terms
Psyc chapter 14 pp 459 - 477 video quiz
Another term for trait is dimension
Research using twins is a common way t…
The idiosyncratic approach to personal…
A trait is a temporary behavior a pers…
True
True
True
False
Another term for trait is dimension
True
Research using twins is a common way t…
True
26 terms
N477 Exam 1: Defense Mechanisms
Repression
Denial
Rationalization
Projection
UNCONSCIOUS exclusion of upsetting thoughts from consciousnes…
refusal to face/accept reality ... (ex: deny alcohol is a proble…
inappropriately justify using logic while distancing self fro…
attributing own unacceptable feelings or motives to another p…
Repression
UNCONSCIOUS exclusion of upsetting thoughts from consciousnes…
Denial
refusal to face/accept reality ... (ex: deny alcohol is a proble…
20 terms
Therapeutic Communication Techniques N477
Silence
Listening
Recongition
Offering self
Eye contact, leaning forward toward patient, facial expressio…
Nod head "yes", say "uh huh"
"Hello Mrs. R"; "I see that you are writing a letter".
"I would like to sit and talk with you for awhile".
Silence
Eye contact, leaning forward toward patient, facial expressio…
Listening
Nod head "yes", say "uh huh"
15 terms
Stress and Trauma
Definition of "trauma"
What has changed in DSM-5?
DSM-5: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (…
DSM-5: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (…
• outside the range of usual human experience... • would be dist…
New umbrella category ... - no longer lumped in with anxiety dis…
A. Exposure to actual or threatened death, serious injury or…
A. Exposure to actual or threatened death, serious injury or…
Definition of "trauma"
• outside the range of usual human experience... • would be dist…
What has changed in DSM-5?
New umbrella category ... - no longer lumped in with anxiety dis…
35 terms
N477 Somatic disorders
somatic disorder
general assessment
body dysmorphic disorder
Predominant pain
Involuntary, physical complaints or symptoms without demonstr…
precipitant: Involuntary, physical complaints or symptoms wit…
Preoccupation by a normal-appearing person who perceives body…
- considered to be a specifier of somatic symptom /DO rather…
somatic disorder
Involuntary, physical complaints or symptoms without demonstr…
general assessment
precipitant: Involuntary, physical complaints or symptoms wit…
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