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Study sets matching "psych chapter 11 2"

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Study sets matching "psych chapter 11 2"

8 terms
Psychology - Chapter 11.2
Diffusion
Moratorium
Forclosure
Achievement
search for meaning and identity
time in development of identity when a person delays about ma…
making a commitment based on other peoples values
committed to an occupation & make decisions about life questi…
Diffusion
search for meaning and identity
Moratorium
time in development of identity when a person delays about ma…
52 terms
Chapter 11: Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Social Cognition
Attitudes
Affective Attitude
How people think about others and interact in relationships a…
Perceive, attend to and store/remember and use information ab…
Evaluation about aspects of the world... People, issues or objec…
Person's feelings
Social Psychology
How people think about others and interact in relationships a…
Social Cognition
Perceive, attend to and store/remember and use information ab…
10 terms
Psychology Chapter 11.2
Traits
Cardinal Traits
Central Traits
Secondary Traits
Relatively enduring personal characteristics.
Allport's term for the more pervasive dimensions that define…
Allport's term for personality characteristics that have a wi…
Allport's term for specific traits that influence behavior in…
Traits
Relatively enduring personal characteristics.
Cardinal Traits
Allport's term for the more pervasive dimensions that define…
Psychology Chapter 11.2
Trait Theory
Open to Experience... Conscientiousness... E…
Walter Mischel
Mischel's Influences on Behavior
Theory concerning that the basic units of personality are bas…
The Big 5 Personality Traits
Scientist who sudied list of personality variables that expla…
Situational and person variables such as:... Expectancies... Subjec…
Trait Theory
Theory concerning that the basic units of personality are bas…
Open to Experience... Conscientiousness... E…
The Big 5 Personality Traits
59 terms
Psychology 2 Chapter 11
Germinal stage
Embryonic stage
Fetal stage
age of viability
first 2 weeks, conception, implantation, formation of placenta
2 weeks- 2 months, formation of vital organs and systems
2 months-birth, bodily growth continues, movement capability…
age at which a baby can survive in the event of a premature b…
Germinal stage
first 2 weeks, conception, implantation, formation of placenta
Embryonic stage
2 weeks- 2 months, formation of vital organs and systems
36 terms
Psychology 2: Chapter 11
accommodation
adolescence
Alzheimer's disease
assimilation
Piaget's term for the modification of an established schema t…
a period of development beginning at puberty and ending at yo…
an age-related disease characterized by memory loss, mental c…
Piaget's term for the application of an established schema to…
accommodation
Piaget's term for the modification of an established schema t…
adolescence
a period of development beginning at puberty and ending at yo…
15 terms
Psychology Chapter 11.2
Collective unconscious
Archetypes
Anima
Animus
The hypothesized part of the unconscious mind that is inherit…
The mental images of universal human instincts, themes, and p…
An important archetype that represents feminine qualities.
An important archetype that represents masculine qualities.
Collective unconscious
The hypothesized part of the unconscious mind that is inherit…
Archetypes
The mental images of universal human instincts, themes, and p…
30 terms
Psychology Chapter 11
thinking
image
symbol
concept
changing and reorganizing the information stored in memory to…
a mental representation of an event or object/The most primit…
an abstract unit of thought that represents an object or qual…
a label for a class of objects or events that share common at…
thinking
changing and reorganizing the information stored in memory to…
image
a mental representation of an event or object/The most primit…
26 terms
Psychology Chapter 11-Motivation
motivation
instinct
drive-reduction theory
homeostasis
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension…
a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
motivation
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
instinct
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
21 terms
Psychology Chapter 11.1-11.2-Elmore
personality
anal stage
conscious
defense mechanism
long-standing traits and patterns that propel individuals to…
psychosexual stage in which children experience pleasure in t…
mental activity (thoughts, feelings, and memories) that we ca…
unconscious protective behaviors designed to reduce ego anxiety
personality
long-standing traits and patterns that propel individuals to…
anal stage
psychosexual stage in which children experience pleasure in t…
15 terms
Psychology-chapter 11-1.1, 11.2, 11.3
drive-reduction theory
hierarchy of needs
homeostasis
incentive
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension…
Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with p…
a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates…
drive-reduction theory
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension…
hierarchy of needs
Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with p…
23 terms
Psychology: Chapter 11
stress
general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
tend and befriend
health psychology
the process by which we perceive and respond to certain event…
Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in…
under stress, people (especially women) often provide support…
a subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribut…
stress
the process by which we perceive and respond to certain event…
general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in…
36 terms
Psychology Chapter 11 November 2
Stressor
Stress
Adjustment
College Life Stress Inventory
Any environmental demand that creates a state of tension or t…
A state of psychological tension or strain
Any effort to cope with stress
Questionnaire that measures the amount of change, and hence t…
Stressor
Any environmental demand that creates a state of tension or t…
Stress
A state of psychological tension or strain
20 terms
Beach Psychology Chapter 11
Thinking
Image
Symbol
Concept
Changing and reorganizing the information stored in memory to…
A visual, mental representation of an event or object.
An abstract unit of thought that represents an object or qual…
A label for a class of objects that have at least one attribu…
Thinking
Changing and reorganizing the information stored in memory to…
Image
A visual, mental representation of an event or object.
17 terms
Cognitive Psychology - Chapter 11.2
image theory
inductive reasoning
inductive strength
logical connectives
a decision making that recognizes that decisions are made in…
reasoning that involves drawing conclusions that are suggeste…
a property of some logical arguments such that it is improbab…
symbols used in logic arguments to form compound propositions…
image theory
a decision making that recognizes that decisions are made in…
inductive reasoning
reasoning that involves drawing conclusions that are suggeste…
34 terms
psychology chapter 11
collectivism
defense mechanisms
ego
factor
giving priority to the goals of our group (often our extended…
in psychoanalytic theory, the ego's protective methods of red…
the largely conscious, "executive" part of personality that,…
a cluster of behavior tendencies that occur together.
collectivism
giving priority to the goals of our group (often our extended…
defense mechanisms
in psychoanalytic theory, the ego's protective methods of red…
44 terms
Psychology Chapter 11
motivation
instinct
instinct theory (evolutionary psycholo…
drive-reduction theory
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
A complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
names behaviors but does not explain them (failed to explain…
The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension…
motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
instinct
A complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
30 terms
Psychology, Adolescence chapter 11
adolescence
puberty
hormones
pituitary gland
the period of development between childhood and adulthood
the time of sexual maturation
chemical regulators that control bodily processes such as emo…
the master gland of the body; it activates other glands and c…
adolescence
the period of development between childhood and adulthood
puberty
the time of sexual maturation
47 terms
Psychology Chapter 11
Personality
Personality theory
Psychoanalytic perspective
Humanistic perspective
an individuals unique and relatively consistent patterns of t…
an attempt to describe and explain how people are similar, ho…
emphasizes the importance of unconscious processes and the in…
represents an optimistic look at human nature, emphasizing th…
Personality
an individuals unique and relatively consistent patterns of t…
Personality theory
an attempt to describe and explain how people are similar, ho…
49 terms
Psychology chapter 11
Development
A zygote
The prenatal period
The germinal stage
the sequence of age related changes that occur as a person pr…
a one celled organism formed by the union of a sperm sand an…
extends from conception to birth, usually encompassing nine m…
the first phase of prenatal development, encompassing the fir…
Development
the sequence of age related changes that occur as a person pr…
A zygote
a one celled organism formed by the union of a sperm sand an…
56 terms
Psychology Chapter 11
Two- to 7-month-old infants who quickl…
Traditional intelligence tests before…
During childhood, the stability of int…
Individuals whose intelligence scores…
higher
4
increase, extremely, holds
mentally retarded, 1
Two- to 7-month-old infants who quickl…
higher
Traditional intelligence tests before…
4
9 terms
Psychology Chapter 11
Puberty
Primary Sex Characteristics
Menarche
Cliques
developmental changes that lead to the ability to reproduce
characteristics that are directly involved in reproduction
the first menstruation
peer groups who spend much time together
Puberty
developmental changes that lead to the ability to reproduce
Primary Sex Characteristics
characteristics that are directly involved in reproduction
56 terms
Chapter 11- Psychology
Psychometrician's
Intelligence
Factor Analysis
General Intelligence (g)
Specialize in measuring psychological characteristics for int…
Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…
Underlines specific mental abilities and is therefore measure…
Psychometrician's
Specialize in measuring psychological characteristics for int…
Intelligence
Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
124 terms
Abnormal Psychology (Barlow and Durand) Chapter 11 Vocabulary Version 2
Substance-related disorders
Polysubstance abuse
Psychoactive Substance
Substance abuse
Range of problems associated with the use and abuse of drugs…
Use of multiple mind- and behavior-altering substances.
Substances that alter mood or behavior.
Pattern of psychoactive substance use leading to significant…
Substance-related disorders
Range of problems associated with the use and abuse of drugs…
Polysubstance abuse
Use of multiple mind- and behavior-altering substances.
46 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 11.1 & 11.2
The bystander effect
Social psychology
Social influence
Conformity
Principle of social psychology
Looks at behavior and mental processes but includes as well t…
The presence of other people to directly or indirectly influe…
Changing one's behavior to match closely match the actions of…
The bystander effect
Principle of social psychology
Social psychology
Looks at behavior and mental processes but includes as well t…
92 terms
Psychology Chapter 11 Motivation
Homeostasis, which is the goal of driv…
Mary loves hang-gliding. It would be m…
Positive and negative environmental st…
Which of the following is inconsistent…
the body's tendency to maintain a constant internal state.
drive-reduction theory.
incentives.
Monkeys will work puzzles even if not given a food reward.
Homeostasis, which is the goal of driv…
the body's tendency to maintain a constant internal state.
Mary loves hang-gliding. It would be m…
drive-reduction theory.
21 terms
Chapter 11: Social Psychology #2
compliance
2 step strategy used to increase compl…
2 types of compliance
foot in the door
act in accordance with a request
1. make an initial request ... 2. make the real request
foot in the door and door in the face
1. Make a very small request that will be accepted ... 2. Make a…
compliance
act in accordance with a request
2 step strategy used to increase compl…
1. make an initial request ... 2. make the real request
92 terms
Psychology Chapter 11 Bixby
Zygote
Prenatal Period
Germinal Stage
Embryonic Stage
one celled organism formed by the union of a sperm& an egg
extends from conception to birth; approximately 9 months
- First stage of prenatal development ( First 2 weeks after c…
Lasts from 2 weeks to the end of second month... - Most vital o…
Zygote
one celled organism formed by the union of a sperm& an egg
Prenatal Period
extends from conception to birth; approximately 9 months
38 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 11
Achievement test
Aptitude test
Cohort
Content validity
a test designed to assess what a person has learned
a test designed to predict a person's future performance; apt…
a group of people from a given time period
the extent to which a test samples the behavior that is of in…
Achievement test
a test designed to assess what a person has learned
Aptitude test
a test designed to predict a person's future performance; apt…
31 terms
Chapter 11: The Connected Mind - Social Psychology
Attribution
Dispositional attribution
Situational attribution
Correspondence bias
A judgement about the cause of a person's behavior
A judgement assigning the cause of a person's behavior to his…
A judgement assigning the cause of a person's behavior to his…
The tendency to view behavior as the result of disposition ev…
Attribution
A judgement about the cause of a person's behavior
Dispositional attribution
A judgement assigning the cause of a person's behavior to his…
45 terms
Psychology Chapter 11
Language
Phoneme
Morpheme
Syntax
a system of communication that involves using rules to make a…
an individual sound that is the basic structural element of l…
the smallest unit of meaning in a given language, such as a p…
the set of language rules that govern how words can be combin…
Language
a system of communication that involves using rules to make a…
Phoneme
an individual sound that is the basic structural element of l…
24 terms
Psychology Chapter 11
Middle Childhood
Childhood Overweight
Childhood Obesity
Asthma
the period between early childhood and early adolescence appr…
in a child, having a BMI about the 85% percentile, according…
in a child, having a BMI above the 95% percentile, according…
chronic disease of the respiratory systems in which inflammat…
Middle Childhood
the period between early childhood and early adolescence appr…
Childhood Overweight
in a child, having a BMI about the 85% percentile, according…
56 terms
Chapter 11 Social Psychology
social psychology
social influence
conformity
groupthink
the scientific study of how a person's thoughts, feelings, an…
the process through which the real or implied presence of oth…
changing one's own behavior to match that of other peopel
kind of thinking that occurs when people place more importanc…
social psychology
the scientific study of how a person's thoughts, feelings, an…
social influence
the process through which the real or implied presence of oth…
51 terms
Psychology Chapter 11
Occupational Health Psychology brings…
Occupational Health Psychology is conc…
Interdisciplinary scientific & applied…
Affective Well-Being is based on a sen…
Intrinsic Value of Work... Instrumental Value of Work... Positive P…
employee health, safety, and well-being
I-O & Clinical Psychology... Ergonomics/Human Factors... Public Hea…
competence, autonomy, aspiration, and integrated functioning
Occupational Health Psychology brings…
Intrinsic Value of Work... Instrumental Value of Work... Positive P…
Occupational Health Psychology is conc…
employee health, safety, and well-being
92 terms
Psychology Chapter 11 and 12
Motivation
Biological Motives
Social Motives
Homeostasis
A process that influences the direction, persistence, and vig…
Hunger, thirst, sex, temperature, sleep, rest etc
Achievements, affiliation, autonomy, nurturance etc
Internal physiological equilibrium that the body strives to m…
Motivation
A process that influences the direction, persistence, and vig…
Biological Motives
Hunger, thirst, sex, temperature, sleep, rest etc
96 terms
Psychology chapter 11 & 12
ANS
PNS
Bulimia Nervosa
Circadian Rhythm
System of nerves that connects the brain with the internal or…
All parts of the nervous system outside the brain and spinal…
Excessive eating (gorging) usually followed by self-induced v…
Cyclical changes in bodily functions and arousal levels that…
ANS
System of nerves that connects the brain with the internal or…
PNS
All parts of the nervous system outside the brain and spinal…
21 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 11
Intelligence Test
General Intelligence (g)
Factor Analysis
Savant Syndrome
A method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and c…
A general intelligence factor that, according to Spearman and…
A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…
A condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental abi…
Intelligence Test
A method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and c…
General Intelligence (g)
A general intelligence factor that, according to Spearman and…
29 terms
Psychology Chapter 11
Personality
Theories
Personality Features
Approach
The differences between individual's and consistences in an i…
Organizing all the known facts about personality
Characteristic - adjective to describe you... Consistent - if a…
...
Personality
The differences between individual's and consistences in an i…
Theories
Organizing all the known facts about personality
41 terms
Psychology Chapter 11
DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
3 PRENATAL STAGES
MYELINATION
PRENATAL SIZES
-study of continuity and change across the life span... -infancy…
-germinal stage: 2 week period, begins at conception (zygote…
formation of a fatty sheath around the axons of a neuron
-30 days: poppy seed... -8 to 9 weeks: olive... -5 months: pomegran…
DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
-study of continuity and change across the life span... -infancy…
3 PRENATAL STAGES
-germinal stage: 2 week period, begins at conception (zygote…
50 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Validity
Reliability
Face Validity
Content Validity
Property exhibited by a test that measures what it purports t…
Property exhibited by a test that yields the same results ove…
Measures whether a test looks like it tests what it is suppos…
Property exhibited by a test in which each item is representa…
Validity
Property exhibited by a test that measures what it purports t…
Reliability
Property exhibited by a test that yields the same results ove…
20 terms
Chapter 11 Psychology
thinking
symbol
concept
prototype
changing and reorganizing the information stored in memory to…
an abstract unit of thought that represents an object or qual…
a label for a class of objects or events that share common at…
a representative example of a concept.
thinking
changing and reorganizing the information stored in memory to…
symbol
an abstract unit of thought that represents an object or qual…
34 terms
Psychology Chapter 11
Nature
Nurture
Neotony
Interests and abilities
- Descartes
- Locke, Tabla Rusa
- Baby's faces are appealing... - Evolutionary reward for taking…
...
Nature
- Descartes
Nurture
- Locke, Tabla Rusa
25 terms
Chapter 11 Psychology
Standardized
Reliability
Split-half reliability
equivalent-form reliabiltiy
test items have been piloted on a similar population of peopl…
refers to the repeatability or consistency of the test as a m…
split peoples performances into two halves.
the correlation between performances on the different forms o…
Standardized
test items have been piloted on a similar population of peopl…
Reliability
refers to the repeatability or consistency of the test as a m…
30 terms
Psychology and You: Chapter 11
adolescence
puberty
hormones
pituitary gland
the period of development between childhood and adulthood
the time of sexual maturation
chemical regulators that control bodily processes such as emo…
the master gland of the body; activates other glands and cont…
adolescence
the period of development between childhood and adulthood
puberty
the time of sexual maturation
52 terms
Psychology, Chapter 11: Stress and Health
Stress
Stressors
Distress
Eustress
term used to describe the physical, emotional, cognitive, and…
events that cause a stress reaction
the effect of unpleasant and undesirable stressors
the effect of positive events, or the optimal amount of stres…
Stress
term used to describe the physical, emotional, cognitive, and…
Stressors
events that cause a stress reaction
41 terms
Chapter 11 Psychology
Distress
Eustress
Stressors
Major Life stressors
Negative Stress
Positive Stress. It is a type of stress that serves as a chal…
something in the environment that is perceived as threatening…
Changes or disruptions that strain central areas of peoples l…
Distress
Negative Stress
Eustress
Positive Stress. It is a type of stress that serves as a chal…
31 terms
Chapter 11: American Psychology and Functionalism
Fucntionalism (1896+)
Ideographic
William James (1842-1910)
James' conflict
Understand the function of the mind - "is for" and "why"... - Pr…
What makes organisms different?
Studied pragmatism, habits, empirical self, self-esteem, emot…
"Fate" of materialistic physiology and natural selection = no…
Fucntionalism (1896+)
Understand the function of the mind - "is for" and "why"... - Pr…
Ideographic
What makes organisms different?
39 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 11: Social Psychology
social psychology
social context
situationism
dispositionism
The branch of psychology that studies the effects of social v…
The combination of ... (a) people,... (b) the activities and intera…
The view that environment conditions may influence people's b…
A psychological orientation that focuses primarily on the inn…
social psychology
The branch of psychology that studies the effects of social v…
social context
The combination of ... (a) people,... (b) the activities and intera…
40 terms
Psychology AP: Chapter 11 Motivation
Motivation
Four Aspects for Motivation
Instincts
Drive-Reduction Theory
a need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it towar…
Instinct Theory (replaced by the evolutionary perspective), D…
complex behaviors that have fixed patterns throughout differe…
physiological need creates and aroused tension state that mot…
Motivation
a need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it towar…
Four Aspects for Motivation
Instinct Theory (replaced by the evolutionary perspective), D…
22 terms
Chapter 11 EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
Motivation
Extrinsic Motivation
Intrinsic Motivation
Weiner Attribution Theory
is a student's interest in doing academic work and learning a…
The Behavioral Approach, depends on external rewards such as…
The Cognitive Approach, attempting to perform well on a test…
attribute causes of their success and failures. "Why did I fl…
Motivation
is a student's interest in doing academic work and learning a…
Extrinsic Motivation
The Behavioral Approach, depends on external rewards such as…
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