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Study sets matching "psych chapter 5 sensation perception"

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Study sets matching "psych chapter 5 sensation perception"

102 terms
Psychology Chapter 5: Sensation & Perception
Sensation
Perception
Psychophysics
Absolute Threshold
-The awareness of properties of an object or an event when a…
The act of organizing and interpreting sensory input as signa…
The study of the relationship between physical events and the…
stimulation necessary to detect PRESENCE 50% of the time, the…
Sensation
-The awareness of properties of an object or an event when a…
Perception
The act of organizing and interpreting sensory input as signa…
44 terms
Psychology Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Sensory receptors
Transduction
The sense organs' detection of external physical stimulus and…
The processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
Sensory organs that detect physical stimulation from the exte…
A process by which sensory receptors change physical stimuli…
Sensation
The sense organs' detection of external physical stimulus and…
Perception
The processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
33 terms
Psychology Chapter 5-Sensation & Perception
Sensation
Perception
Sensory Receptors
Transduction
The sense organs' detection of external physical stimulus and…
The processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
Sensory organs that detect physical stimulation from the exte…
A process by which sensory receptors change physical stimuli…
Sensation
The sense organs' detection of external physical stimulus and…
Perception
The processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
26 terms
Psychology chapter 5: sensation and perception
Sensation
Perception
Distal stimulus
Absolute threshold
detect physical energy from stimuli in enviroment
is the process of processing, organizing, and interpreting ou…
is the object or event in the external world
smallest quantity of a stimulus that we can detect
Sensation
detect physical energy from stimuli in enviroment
Perception
is the process of processing, organizing, and interpreting ou…
11 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 Sensation and Perception
Outer-Ear
Ossicles
Cochlea
Olfactory
Is funnel shaped and gathers sound pressure waves and directs…
Vibrations from the tympanic membrane pass through this serie…
A hard, snail-shaped fluid-filled structure lined with the ba…
This system detects airborne chemicals.
Outer-Ear
Is funnel shaped and gathers sound pressure waves and directs…
Ossicles
Vibrations from the tympanic membrane pass through this serie…
9 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 Sensation and Perception
nervous system activity
Sensation
Perception
Absolute Threshold
A sense converts characteristics of the physical world
Refers to the experience of touch, taste, sight, sound, and s…
The process through which we organize, interpret, and give me…
Refers to the minimum intensity of a stimulus that will stimu…
nervous system activity
A sense converts characteristics of the physical world
Sensation
Refers to the experience of touch, taste, sight, sound, and s…
70 terms
Psychology Chapter 5- Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Absolute threshold
The stimulus-detection process by which our sense organs resp…
The active process of organizing this stimulus input and givi…
The process whereby the characteristics of a stimulus are con…
The lowest intensity at which a stimulus can be detected corr…
Sensation
The stimulus-detection process by which our sense organs resp…
Perception
The active process of organizing this stimulus input and givi…
73 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 (Sensation and Perception)
Sense Organs
Sensory Receptor Cells
Sensation
Perception
Organs that receive stimuli.
Cells in sense organs that translate messages into neural imp…
Process of receiving, translating, and transmitting messages…
Process of organizing and interpreting information received f…
Sense Organs
Organs that receive stimuli.
Sensory Receptor Cells
Cells in sense organs that translate messages into neural imp…
9 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 Sensation and Perception
Cornea
Iris
Pupillary Reflex
Lens
Refracts (bends and concentrates) the light into the iris.
The colored part of the eye behind the cornea, contains small…
Accommodates varying light levels by dilating (enlarging) or…
Primary responsibility is focusing the image onto the retina.
Cornea
Refracts (bends and concentrates) the light into the iris.
Iris
The colored part of the eye behind the cornea, contains small…
61 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 Sensation and Perception
Sensations
Perceptions
Light
Wavelength
-Fundamental or elementary components of an experiences... -Such…
-A collection of process used to arrive at a meaningful inter…
-A form of electromagnetic energy
-Distance from one energy cycle to the next
Sensations
-Fundamental or elementary components of an experiences... -Such…
Perceptions
-A collection of process used to arrive at a meaningful inter…
62 terms
Psychology chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom up processing
Top down processing
the detection of physical stimuli and transmission of that in…
the brain's further processing, organization, and interpretat…
based on the physical features of the stimulus. Each sensory…
how knowledge, expectations, or past experiences shape the in…
Sensation
the detection of physical stimuli and transmission of that in…
Perception
the brain's further processing, organization, and interpretat…
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
The detection of external stimuli and the transmission of thi…
The brains process of organizing and interpretation of sensor…
Perception based on the physical features of a stimuli.
How prior knowledge, expectations, and past experiences can e…
Sensation
The detection of external stimuli and the transmission of thi…
Perception
The brains process of organizing and interpretation of sensor…
64 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 - Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Attention
The process of detecting environmental stimuli or stimuli ari…
The process of interpreting sensory information... Allows us to…
The translation of incoming sensory information into neural s…
-A narrow focus of consciousness... -the gateway to perception... -…
Sensation
The process of detecting environmental stimuli or stimuli ari…
Perception
The process of interpreting sensory information... Allows us to…
29 terms
Chapter 5 Sensation and Perception-Psychology
Absolute Threshold
Auditory Nerve
Binocular Fusion
Color Blindness
the lowest level of physical energy that will produce a sensa…
The nerve that carries impulses rom the inner ear to the brai…
The process of combining the images received from the two eye…
Complete or partial inability to distinguish colors, resultin…
Absolute Threshold
the lowest level of physical energy that will produce a sensa…
Auditory Nerve
The nerve that carries impulses rom the inner ear to the brai…
41 terms
Psychology Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the detection of external stimuli and the transmission of thi…
the processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
perception based on the physical features of the stimulus
how knowledge, expectations, or past experiences shape the in…
sensation
the detection of external stimuli and the transmission of thi…
perception
the processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
5 terms
Psychology chapter 5; Sensation & Perception
3 stages of perception
perceptual organisation
distal stimulus
proximal stimulus
1) sensation... 2) perceptual organisation... 3) identification
processes that put sensory information together to give the p…
the physical object in the world
the optical image of the retina
3 stages of perception
1) sensation... 2) perceptual organisation... 3) identification
perceptual organisation
processes that put sensory information together to give the p…
48 terms
Psychology Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process by which our brain organizes and interprets senso…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
the process by which our brain organizes and interprets senso…
98 terms
Psychology Chapter 5- sensation and perception
sensation
perception
psychophysics
absolute threshold
the stimulus detection process by which are sense organs resp…
making "sense" of what are senses tell us is the active proce…
the study of relations between the physical characteristics o…
the lowest intensity at which a stimulus can be detected corr…
sensation
the stimulus detection process by which are sense organs resp…
perception
making "sense" of what are senses tell us is the active proce…
38 terms
Sensation/Perception Psychology Chapter 5
Sensation
Absolute threshold
Difference threshold
Weber's Law
What happens when a stimulus activates a receptor
The least amount of a stimulus that's needed to be noticed. E…
The least amount of a stimulus must be changed for you to not…
The stronger a stimulus is, the bigger the change has to be t…
Sensation
What happens when a stimulus activates a receptor
Absolute threshold
The least amount of a stimulus that's needed to be noticed. E…
33 terms
Psychology Chapter 5-Sensation & Perception
Sensation
Perception
Sensory Receptors
Transduction
The sense organs' detection of external physical stimulus and…
The processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
Sensory organs that detect physical stimulation from the exte…
A process by which sensory receptors change physical stimuli…
Sensation
The sense organs' detection of external physical stimulus and…
Perception
The processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
33 terms
Psychology Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Sensory Receptors
Transduction
The sense organs' detection of external physical stimulus and…
The processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
Sensory organs that detect physical stimulation from the exte…
A process by which sensory receptors change physical stimuli…
Sensation
The sense organs' detection of external physical stimulus and…
Perception
The processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
49 terms
Psychology Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
transduction
stimulus
-process of detecting environmental stimuli or stimuli arisin…
-process of interpreting sensory information... -organization, i…
-translation of incoming sensory information intro neural sig…
anything that can elicit a reaction from our sensory systems
sensation
-process of detecting environmental stimuli or stimuli arisin…
perception
-process of interpreting sensory information... -organization, i…
79 terms
Psychology - Chapter 5 & 6 - Sensation & Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
sensory receptors and NS receive and represent stimulus energ…
organizing and interpreting sensory information, enabling us…
begins with the sensory receptors and works up to the brain's…
guided by higher level processes, as when we construct percep…
Sensation
sensory receptors and NS receive and represent stimulus energ…
Perception
organizing and interpreting sensory information, enabling us…
167 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 Sensation & Perception
Overall, sensation and perception are…
Sensation is to perception as:
The view of perception that suggests o…
Which of the following is NOT an argum…
Static biological process and dynamic learning processes
Biology is to learning
Naïve realism
Sensory adaption
Overall, sensation and perception are…
Static biological process and dynamic learning processes
Sensation is to perception as:
Biology is to learning
51 terms
Psychology Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up processing
Top-down processing
The detection of physical stimuli and transmission of that in…
The brain's further processing, organizations, and interpreta…
The processing of sensory information is a two-way street. Is…
How knowledge, expectations, or past experiences shape the in…
Sensation
The detection of physical stimuli and transmission of that in…
Perception
The brain's further processing, organizations, and interpreta…
53 terms
Psychology Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Early exs
Sensation
Perception
Sensation vs perception
Number of squares in a 4 square by 4 square. Necker cube. Etc.
"The experience of sensory stimulation" smells, sights, sound…
"Process of creating meaningful patterns from Rae sensory inf…
Prosopagnosia and fusiform gyrus
Early exs
Number of squares in a 4 square by 4 square. Necker cube. Etc.
Sensation
"The experience of sensory stimulation" smells, sights, sound…
71 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up Processing
Top-down Processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
153 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 - Sensation and Perception
Absolute threshold
amplitude
Correct rejection
Difference threshold
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
Loudness
something that is not present is not sensed
the minimum difference between two stimuli required for detec…
Absolute threshold
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
amplitude
Loudness
10 terms
Psychology chapter 5 sensation and perception
Trichomatic theory
Color blindness
Opponent process theory
The ponzo illusion
Young (1802) & helmholtz (1852) ... Three types of cones : ... Red…
Monochrome colorblindness- can't see any color... • red-green co…
Hering 1878 ... Red and green, blue and yellow , black and white…
Described by psychologist Mario ponzo in 1913 ... -explained mon…
Trichomatic theory
Young (1802) & helmholtz (1852) ... Three types of cones : ... Red…
Color blindness
Monochrome colorblindness- can't see any color... • red-green co…
Psychology: Sensation and Perception Chapter 5
sensation
perception
bottom up processing
top down processing
the process by which our sense organs receive information fro…
the process by which people select, organize, and interpret s…
perception is based on physical features of the stimulus
how knowledge, expectations, or past experiences shape the in…
sensation
the process by which our sense organs receive information fro…
perception
the process by which people select, organize, and interpret s…
160 terms
Chapter 5 Psychology Sensation & Perception
Synesthesia
Synesthesia leads to
Sensation
Perception
visual images have taste (smells and sounds can also be inclu…
creavity
detection of physical stimuli and transmission of that inform…
brain's further processing, organization and interpretation o…
Synesthesia
visual images have taste (smells and sounds can also be inclu…
Synesthesia leads to
creavity
33 terms
Psychology: Chapter 5 sensation and perception
Sensation
Threshold
Absolute threshold VS Difference Thres…
Vision
A mesaage picked up by the senses from the enviroment
The amount of stimulus necessary for a person to sense someth…
Absolute: ... >minimum amount of physical energy required to pro…
The most studied of all the senses
Sensation
A mesaage picked up by the senses from the enviroment
Threshold
The amount of stimulus necessary for a person to sense someth…
9 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Sense receptors
Sensory deprivation
Sense receptors detect (prefial nervous system)
Takes place in central nervous system
Cells that do detecting they are located in the selse organs…
The absence of normal levels of sensory stimulation
Sensation
Sense receptors detect (prefial nervous system)
Perception
Takes place in central nervous system
18 terms
Psychology Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up processing
Top-down processing
The detection of external stimuli and the transmission of thi…
The processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
Perception based on the physical features of the stimulus
How knowledge, expectations, or past experiences shape the in…
Sensation
The detection of external stimuli and the transmission of thi…
Perception
The processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
15 terms
Psychology Chapter 5-Sensation & Perception
Sensation
Perception
Sensory Receptors
Transduction
The sense organs' detection of external physical stimulus and…
The processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
Sensory organs that detect physical stimulation from the exte…
A process by which sensory receptors change physical stimuli…
Sensation
The sense organs' detection of external physical stimulus and…
Perception
The processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
75 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 ( Sensation & Perception)
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
detection of external stimuli & transmission of this informat…
processing, organization, & interpretation of sensory signals
perception based on the physical features of stimulus
how knowledge, expectations, or post experiences shape the in…
sensation
detection of external stimuli & transmission of this informat…
perception
processing, organization, & interpretation of sensory signals
17 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 Sensation and Perception
Absolute Threshold
Difference Threshold (Just-Noticeable…
Sensory Adaptation
Opponent-process theory of color
Least amount of stimulus energy needed to detect stimulus hal…
Smallest difference between two similar stimuli that can be d…
Process by which sensitivity diminishes when an object consta…
Four primary colors: red, green, blue, yellow are grouped int…
Absolute Threshold
Least amount of stimulus energy needed to detect stimulus hal…
Difference Threshold (Just-Noticeable…
Smallest difference between two similar stimuli that can be d…
52 terms
Psychology Chapter 5- Sensation and Perception
Synesthesia
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
characterized by cross-sensory experiences
The detection of external stimuli and the transmission of thi…
The processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
Perception based on the physical features of the stimulus
Synesthesia
characterized by cross-sensory experiences
Sensation
The detection of external stimuli and the transmission of thi…
29 terms
Chapter 5 PSYCHOLOGY Sensation & Perception
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Absolute Threshold
senses and nervous system detect new information
brain organizes sensory information
taking one type of energy and transferring it into another
minimum stimulation needed to detect light, sound, pressure,…
Sensation
senses and nervous system detect new information
Perception
brain organizes sensory information
20 terms
Chapter 5 Psychology (Sensation and Perception)
Sensation
perception
Absolute Threshold
Difference Threshold
Initial electrical activity which triggers semse receptors
The organization of sensory information
minimum amount of energy required to produce a sensation
Amount of energy required to produce a noticeable change in e…
Sensation
Initial electrical activity which triggers semse receptors
perception
The organization of sensory information
28 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 - Sensation & Perception
Sensation
Perception
sensory receptors
Transduction
this is the sense organs detect of an external stimulus and t…
this is processing, organization and interpretation of sensor…
these are sensory organs that detect the stimulation and then…
this is the process of how the sensory receptors change physi…
Sensation
this is the sense organs detect of an external stimulus and t…
Perception
this is processing, organization and interpretation of sensor…
20 terms
Psychology Chapter 5- Sensation and Perception
transduction
absolute threshold
subliminal
priming
changing one form of energy into another. In sensation, the t…
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
below our absolute threshold for conscious awareness
activating, often unconsciously, associations in our mind, th…
transduction
changing one form of energy into another. In sensation, the t…
absolute threshold
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
38 terms
psychology chapter 5 sensation and perception
Sensation
perception
sensory receptors
absolute threshold
these sense organs' detection of external physical stimulus a…
the processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
sensory organs that detect physical stimulation from the exte…
the smallest amount of physical stimulation required to detec…
Sensation
these sense organs' detection of external physical stimulus a…
perception
the processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
45 terms
Psychology chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
How does stimulation become sensation?
Thresholds
- a process by which stimulated receptors create a pattern of…
- mental process, emotion
- Transduction: converts a form of physical energy into the f…
-absolute threshold: 50% to stimulate. depends on the how we…
Sensation
- a process by which stimulated receptors create a pattern of…
Perception
- mental process, emotion
62 terms
Psychology Chapter 5- Sensation and Perception
Do not use ____ and ____ interchangeably
Sensation
The easiest way to remember the defini…
Perception
Sensation ... Perception
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Look at the word
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Do not use ____ and ____ interchangeably
Sensation ... Perception
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
70 terms
Chapter 5 & 6 Sensation & Perception AP Psychology Myers
Sensation
Perception
Top-down processing
Selective attention
the raw data of experience; sensory stimulation; example are…
the mental process of sorting, identifying, and arranging raw…
Constructing perceptions based on our experiences and expecta…
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
Sensation
the raw data of experience; sensory stimulation; example are…
Perception
the mental process of sorting, identifying, and arranging raw…
61 terms
Psychology Core Concepts Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Sensory adaptation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
A process that makes sensory patterns meaningful. It is perce…
Transformation of one form of energy into another - especiall…
Loss of responsiveness in receptor cells after stimulation ha…
Sensation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
Perception
A process that makes sensory patterns meaningful. It is perce…
158 terms
Psychology 5th Ed: Chapter 5 - Perception and sensation
Gestalt Psychologist
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up processing
Rules of perception
Bringing in information to the brain through the 5 sense: tas…
How our brains make sense of the sensory information
Perception based on the physical features of the stimulus.... (S…
Gestalt Psychologist
Rules of perception
Sensation
Bringing in information to the brain through the 5 sense: tas…
17 terms
Psychology: Chapter 5 (Sensation & Perception)
Our primary method for localizing soun…
How does the brain process visual info…
Which part of the brain processes 50%…
The activation of rods and cones in yo…
to compare the arrival time of sound at each ear
Information travles to the retina--> thalamus and then simult…
Cerebral Cortex
visual sensation
Our primary method for localizing soun…
to compare the arrival time of sound at each ear
How does the brain process visual info…
Information travles to the retina--> thalamus and then simult…
27 terms
Psychology Chapter 5.1 Sensation and Perception
synesthesia
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ("a loud…
the detection of external stimuli and the transmission of thi…
the processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
synesthesia
describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ("a loud…
sensation
the detection of external stimuli and the transmission of thi…
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