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Study sets matching "psych chapter 5"

41 terms
Abnormal Psychology Hooley 17th Ed. Chapter 5
Health Psychology
Behavioral Medicine
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Stressors
subspecialty of behavioral medicine the deals with psychologi…
brand interdisciplinary approach to the treatment of physical…
disorder that occurs following an extreme traumatic event, in…
(1) external — adjustive demands that require coping behavior…
Health Psychology
subspecialty of behavioral medicine the deals with psychologi…
Behavioral Medicine
brand interdisciplinary approach to the treatment of physical…
23 terms
psychology chapter 5
classical conditioning
operant conditioning
social learning theory
The classical conditioned process
Conditioning process in which an originally neutral stimulus,…
A type of associative learning that occurs through rewards an…
A theory that takes into account how learning and motivation…
classical conditioning
Conditioning process in which an originally neutral stimulus,…
operant conditioning
A type of associative learning that occurs through rewards an…
9 terms
Psychology - Chapter 5 (Variations in Consciousness)
Consciousness
Mind Wandering
Electroencephalograph (EEG)
Beta
awareness of internal and external stimuli
refers to people's experience of task-unrelated thoughts, tho…
a device that monitors the electrical activity of the brain o…
an EEG pattern in which the state of consciousness is in norm…
Consciousness
awareness of internal and external stimuli
Mind Wandering
refers to people's experience of task-unrelated thoughts, tho…
88 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 5
independent view of the self
interdependent view of the self
introspection
self-awareness theory
a way of defining oneself in terms of one's own internal thou…
a way of defining oneself in terms of one's relationships to…
the process whereby people look inward and examine their own…
the idea that when people focus their attention on themselves…
independent view of the self
a way of defining oneself in terms of one's own internal thou…
interdependent view of the self
a way of defining oneself in terms of one's relationships to…
44 terms
Psychology Chapter 5: Learning
learning
conditioning
classical conditioning
unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
A process that produces a relatively enduring change in behav…
The process of learning associations between environmental ev…
The basic learning process that involves repeatedly pairing a…
The natural stimulus that reflexively elicits a response with…
learning
A process that produces a relatively enduring change in behav…
conditioning
The process of learning associations between environmental ev…
14 terms
Psychology Chapter 5
Ages 0 - 1
Ages 1 - 3
Ages 3 - 6
Ages 6 - 12
The infant faces the issue -... "Is my social world predictable…
The toddler asks the question -... "Can I do things for myself o…
The preschooler needs to figure out -... "Am I a good person or…
In an expanding social world, the school-aged child wants to…
Ages 0 - 1
The infant faces the issue -... "Is my social world predictable…
Ages 1 - 3
The toddler asks the question -... "Can I do things for myself o…
44 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 - Memory
sensory memory (SM)
iconic memory
short-term memory (STM)
Memory Span
The set of sensory registers, one for each of our senses, tha…
The visual sensory register that holds an exact copy of the i…
The memory stage with a small capacity (7 +/- 2 chunks) and b…
the average number of items an individual can remember across…
sensory memory (SM)
The set of sensory registers, one for each of our senses, tha…
iconic memory
The visual sensory register that holds an exact copy of the i…
67 terms
Psychology 110- Chapter 5
Thinking
Concepts
What are natural concepts?
What are artificial concepts?
Cognitive process involved in forming a new mental representa…
Mental representations of categories of items or ideas based…
Natural concepts represent objects and events
Artificial concepts are defined by rules
Thinking
Cognitive process involved in forming a new mental representa…
Concepts
Mental representations of categories of items or ideas based…
38 terms
Psychology Chapter 5
developmental psychology
zygote
embryo
fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; enters a two week period of rapid cell di…
the developing human organism about two weeks after fertiliza…
the developing human organism from nine weeks after conceptio…
developmental psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
zygote
the fertilized egg; enters a two week period of rapid cell di…
63 terms
AP PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 5
consciousness
circadian rhythm
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep (Parado…
alpha waves
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep; a recurring sleep stage during whic…
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state (st…
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
36 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 5
Anxiety
Fight-or-flight Response
Cortisol
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
State of apprehension, tension, and worry
Physiological changes in the human body that occur in respons…
Hormone that helps the body respond to stressors, inducing th…
Anxiety disorder characterized by (1) repeated mental images…
Anxiety
State of apprehension, tension, and worry
Fight-or-flight Response
Physiological changes in the human body that occur in respons…
33 terms
Barron AP Psychology Chapter 5 - Consciousness
circadian rhythm
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep
alpha waves
sleep
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
a recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly oc…
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state. α波
periodic, natural loss of consciousness—as distinct from unco…
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep
a recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly oc…
100 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 Learning
applied behavior analysis
behavior modification
biofeedback
biological preparedness
modern term for a form of functional analysis and behavior mo…
the use of operant conditioning techniques to bring about des…
using biofeedback about biological conditions to bring involu…
referring to the tendency of animals to learn certain associa…
applied behavior analysis
modern term for a form of functional analysis and behavior mo…
behavior modification
the use of operant conditioning techniques to bring about des…
34 terms
Psychology 101 Chapter 5
behavioral contrast
blocking effect
classical conditioning
compensatory response
A response pattern in which an organism evaluates a reward re…
A result showing that an animal learns nothing about a stimul…
A form of learning in which one stimulus is paired with anoth…
A response that offsets the effects of the upcoming unconditi…
behavioral contrast
A response pattern in which an organism evaluates a reward re…
blocking effect
A result showing that an animal learns nothing about a stimul…
33 terms
AP psychology chapter 5
consciousness
cognitive neuroscience
nonconscious processes
preconscious memories
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
Any brain process that does not involve conscious processing,…
Information that is not currently in consciousness but can be…
consciousness
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
cognitive neuroscience
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
77 terms
Psychology 200-Chapter 5
Sensation
Perception
Contrast Enhancement
Ambiguous Figures
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
the intensification of the perception of edges
Images that are capable of more than one interpretation. Ther…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
31 terms
Psychology chapter 5, Pearson
Reflex
Classical conditioning
Unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
Neutral stimulus (NS)
an involuntary response, one that is not under personal contr…
a reflexive response to a stimulus is transferred to a relate…
A naturally occurring stimulus that leads to an involuntary (…
stimulus that has no effect on the desired response.
Reflex
an involuntary response, one that is not under personal contr…
Classical conditioning
a reflexive response to a stimulus is transferred to a relate…
34 terms
Chapter 5 Psychology
consciousness
biological rhythm
endogenous
circadian rhythm
the awareness of oneself and of the environment
periodic, more or less regular fluctuations in a biological s…
generated from within rather than by external cues
biological rhythms with a period (from peak to peak or trough…
consciousness
the awareness of oneself and of the environment
biological rhythm
periodic, more or less regular fluctuations in a biological s…
75 terms
Psychology Chapter 5
learning
conditioning
operant behavior
unconditioned stimulus
a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs due to…
the same thing as learning
a type of behavior such as walking, talking, and moving that…
a stimulus that causes a natural reflexive reaction
learning
a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs due to…
conditioning
the same thing as learning
37 terms
AP psychology chapter 5
consciousness
cognitive neuroscience
nonconscious processes
preconscious memories
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
Any brain process that does not involve conscious processing,…
Information that is not currently in consciousness but can be…
consciousness
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
cognitive neuroscience
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
98 terms
Psychology 100 - Chapter 5
absolute threshold
amplitude
astrology
audition
the minimum intensity necessary for a stimulus to be detected…
the intensity of a sound or light output source expressed in…
the belief that the position of the stars and planets can aff…
the sense of hearing
absolute threshold
the minimum intensity necessary for a stimulus to be detected…
amplitude
the intensity of a sound or light output source expressed in…
9 terms
Psychology: Chapter 5 - Maslow
Hierarchy of Needs
Physiological
Safety
Belonging
...
Health food, sleep
Shelter, removal from danger.
Lobe, affection, being apart of a group.
Hierarchy of Needs
...
Physiological
Health food, sleep
42 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
Developmental psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, & so…
The fertilized egg
The developing human organism from about 2 wks after fertiliz…
The developing human organism from 9 wks to birth
Developmental psychology
A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, & so…
Zygote
The fertilized egg
59 terms
Psychology - Chapter 5: Consciousness
Biological Rhythms
Biological rhythms include...
Circadian Rhythms
Suprachiasmatic Nucleus (SCN)
periodic psychologic fluctuations
Annual, 28 day, 24 hour, and 90 mins ... Annual: geese migrate,…
occur on a 24 hour cycle and include sleep and wakefulness. T…
(part of hypothalamus) ... Light hitting the retina sends a sign…
Biological Rhythms
periodic psychologic fluctuations
Biological rhythms include...
Annual, 28 day, 24 hour, and 90 mins ... Annual: geese migrate,…
46 terms
Chapter 5 Psychology- Consciousness
Consciousness
Reticular formation
Brain stem
Thalamas
A state of being aware/alert of and responsive to the environ…
An important brain area for controlling alertness
Where is the reticular formation located?
The gateway from sensory information that is sent to the cort…
Consciousness
A state of being aware/alert of and responsive to the environ…
Reticular formation
An important brain area for controlling alertness
23 terms
Reading/Vocabulary Chapter 5: Social Psychology
agony (noun)
impact (noun)
Reversed(v)
Daring (adj)
Great pain of mind or body; suffering
the force of one object hitting another
To change something to an opposite state or condition
A person or action adventures
agony (noun)
Great pain of mind or body; suffering
impact (noun)
the force of one object hitting another
53 terms
Psychology (PSY 100) - Chapter 5
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process by which our brain organizes and interprets senso…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
The process by which our brain organizes and interprets senso…
103 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5-6
sensation
perception
bottom-up-processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
38 terms
Psychology and You: Chapter 5
motivation
cognitive theory
emotion
hypothalamus
the drive to seek a goal, such as food, water, or friends
theory of emotion proposed by Stanley Schachter; it holds tha…
a state of the body causing feelings, such as of hope fear or…
part of the lower brain that controls such basic needs and de…
motivation
the drive to seek a goal, such as food, water, or friends
cognitive theory
theory of emotion proposed by Stanley Schachter; it holds tha…
10 terms
Psychology chapter 5 matching
detoxification
biofeedback
altered state of consisnoucs
sleep apnea
removal of a poisonous substance
system that feeds back information about something happening…
state of awareness in which a persons sense of self or the wo…
breathing interruption that occurs during sleep
detoxification
removal of a poisonous substance
biofeedback
system that feeds back information about something happening…
62 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
perception
computational approach
constructivist approach
ecological approach
the process through which people take raw sensation from the…
an approach to perception that focuses on how computational b…
a view of perception taken by those who argue that the percep…
an approach to perception maintaining that humans and other s…
perception
the process through which people take raw sensation from the…
computational approach
an approach to perception that focuses on how computational b…
77 terms
Psychology 200-Chapter 5
Sensation
Perception
Contrast Enhancement
Ambiguous Figures
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
the intensification of the perception of edges
Images that are capable of more than one interpretation. Ther…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
22 terms
Understanding Psychology - Chapter 5
Menopause
Generativity
Stagnation
Decremental model of aging
The biological event in which a woman's production of sex hor…
The desire, in middle age, to use one's accumulated wisdom to…
A discontinuation of development and a desire to recapture th…
Idea that progressive physical and mental decline are inevita…
Menopause
The biological event in which a woman's production of sex hor…
Generativity
The desire, in middle age, to use one's accumulated wisdom to…
24 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 Module 12
Conception
Ovum
Fertilization
Zygote
The moment at which a sperm and egg unite to form a single ce…
The female sex cell, or egg.
The union of the ovum and sperm in the fallopian tube.
A single cell that contains all the information needed to for…
Conception
The moment at which a sperm and egg unite to form a single ce…
Ovum
The female sex cell, or egg.
29 terms
Psychology Chapter 5 [Getting Sensitive]
sensation
light
sound
heat
process of mentally acquiring information about the world thr…
electromagnetic energy
acoustic energy or sound waves
thermal energy
sensation
process of mentally acquiring information about the world thr…
light
electromagnetic energy
24 terms
Psychology Chapter 5: Consciousness
Sleep Paralysis
Consciousness
Circadian Rhythm
Biological Clock
A strange experience of being unable to move just after falli…
Our subjective experience of the world and ourselves.
Changes that occur on a 24 hour basis in many of our biologic…
20,000 neurons in the hypothalamus make us feel drowsy at dif…
Sleep Paralysis
A strange experience of being unable to move just after falli…
Consciousness
Our subjective experience of the world and ourselves.
62 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
perception
computational approach
constructivist approach
ecological approach
the process through which people take raw sensation from the…
an approach to perception that focuses on how computational b…
a view of perception taken by those who argue that the percep…
an approach to perception maintaining that humans and other s…
perception
the process through which people take raw sensation from the…
computational approach
an approach to perception that focuses on how computational b…
10 terms
Psychology Chapter 5: Cognition
confirmation bias
functional fixedness
heuristic
overconfidence
tendency to confirm ones beliefs rather than challenge them
not using information in novel ways
strategy that is useful but may lead to errors
feeling certain about ones ability to accurately recall events
confirmation bias
tendency to confirm ones beliefs rather than challenge them
functional fixedness
not using information in novel ways
136 terms
Peter Gray's Psychology: Chapter 5
Neurons
100 billion
Synapses
100 trillion
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Number of nerve cells contained in the brain
Points of communication between neurons
Number of synapses contained in the brain
Neurons
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
100 billion
Number of nerve cells contained in the brain
26 terms
Psychology principles in practice chapter 5
Consciousness
Selective attention
Preconscious
Unconscious (sometimes called subconsc…
the awareness of things that are both inside and outside ours…
focusing on a particular stimulus
ideas that are not in your awareness now but you can recall t…
information that is unavailable to awareness under most circu…
Consciousness
the awareness of things that are both inside and outside ours…
Selective attention
focusing on a particular stimulus
60 terms
Psychology Chapter 5: Sensation
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
process of organizing and interpreting sensory info, enabling…
analysis that begins with sensory receptors and works up to t…
info processing guided by higher-level mental processes, as w…
sensation
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
perception
process of organizing and interpreting sensory info, enabling…
31 terms
Psychology chapter 5, Pearson
Reflex
Classical conditioning
Unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
Neutral stimulus (NS)
an involuntary response, one that is not under personal contr…
a reflexive response to a stimulus is transferred to a relate…
A naturally occurring stimulus that leads to an involuntary (…
stimulus that has no effect on the desired response.
Reflex
an involuntary response, one that is not under personal contr…
Classical conditioning
a reflexive response to a stimulus is transferred to a relate…
81 terms
Principles in Psychology Chapter 5
Developmental psychology
zygote
embryo
inner cell mass
the study of how the mind and behavior progress as an individ…
a fertilized egg
an early developing individual, typically a sphere of dividin…
a clump of cells inside a mammalian embryo that will form the…
Developmental psychology
the study of how the mind and behavior progress as an individ…
zygote
a fertilized egg
31 terms
Chapter 5 Psychology - Variations in Consciousness
Electroencephalograph (EEG)
Biological Rhythms
Circadian Rhytms
Electromyograph (EMG)
Monitors electrical activity in the brain, records through el…
Periodic fluctuations in psychological functioning
24- Hour biological cycle that humans and other species use
Records muscular activity and tension
Electroencephalograph (EEG)
Monitors electrical activity in the brain, records through el…
Biological Rhythms
Periodic fluctuations in psychological functioning
62 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
perception
computational approach
constructivist approach
ecological approach
the process through which people take raw sensation from the…
an approach to perception that focuses on how computational b…
a view of perception taken by those who argue that the percep…
an approach to perception maintaining that humans and other s…
perception
the process through which people take raw sensation from the…
computational approach
an approach to perception that focuses on how computational b…
29 terms
Abnormal Psychology chapter 5
Acute stress disorder
Adjustment disorders
Agoraphobia
Animal phobias
severe reaction immediately following a terrifying event, oft…
describe anxious or depressive reactions to life stress that…
an anxiety about being in places or situations from which esc…
unreasonable enduring fear of animals or insects that usually…
Acute stress disorder
severe reaction immediately following a terrifying event, oft…
Adjustment disorders
describe anxious or depressive reactions to life stress that…
33 terms
AP psychology chapter 5
consciousness
cognitive neuroscience
nonconscious processes
preconscious memories
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
Any brain process that does not involve conscious processing,…
Information that is not currently in consciousness but can be…
consciousness
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
cognitive neuroscience
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
37 terms
AP psychology chapter 5
consciousness
cognitive neuroscience
nonconscious processes
preconscious memories
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
Any brain process that does not involve conscious processing,…
Information that is not currently in consciousness but can be…
consciousness
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
cognitive neuroscience
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
113 terms
Psychology 310 Chapter 5
Significant gender differences in heig…
Girls growth spurt during pre teen sta…
Boys growth spurt begins at
Girls growth spurt levels off at
14
8-9
10 or later
13-14
Significant gender differences in heig…
14
Girls growth spurt during pre teen sta…
8-9
62 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 5
perception
computational approach
constructivist approach
ecological approach
the process through which people take raw sensation from the…
an approach to perception that focuses on how computational b…
a view of perception taken by those who argue that the percep…
an approach to perception maintaining that humans and other s…
perception
the process through which people take raw sensation from the…
computational approach
an approach to perception that focuses on how computational b…
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