How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "psych chapter 9 experimental"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "psych chapter 9 experimental"

19 terms
Experimental Psychology: Chapter 9
positive correlation
negative correlation
Pearson's r
scatterplot
A relationship between variables X and Y such that a high sco…
A relationship between variables X and Y such that a high sco…
Measure of the size of a correlation between two variables; r…
A graph depicting the relationship shown by a correlation.
positive correlation
A relationship between variables X and Y such that a high sco…
negative correlation
A relationship between variables X and Y such that a high sco…
13 terms
Experimental Psychology Chapter 9
Chi-square Test of Independence
Confound
Empty Control Group
Exploratory Analysis
A statistical test used when all variables are categorical. T…
A variable that varies along with the independent variable.
A group of participants who complete the dependent measure wi…
Any statistical test that is not planned before the experimen…
Chi-square Test of Independence
A statistical test used when all variables are categorical. T…
Confound
A variable that varies along with the independent variable.
31 terms
Experimental Psychology Chapter 9
Between-subjects designs
Carryover effects
Concurrent-measures design
Conditions
an experimental design in which different groups of participa…
a threat to internal validity that occurs when being exposed…
an experiment using a within-groups design in which participa…
one of the levels of the independent variable in an experimen…
Between-subjects designs
an experimental design in which different groups of participa…
Carryover effects
a threat to internal validity that occurs when being exposed…
27 terms
Experimental Psychology - Chapter 9
beta weights
Chi Square (X^2) Statistic
Coefficient of Determination (r^2)
Common-causal variables
see regression coefficients: Statistics that indicate the rel…
A statistic used to assess the relationship between two nomin…
The proportion of variance accounted for by the correlation c…
In a correlational research design, variables that are not pa…
beta weights
see regression coefficients: Statistics that indicate the rel…
Chi Square (X^2) Statistic
A statistic used to assess the relationship between two nomin…
52 terms
Experimental Psychology Chapter 9 (3)
Attrition (p.199)
Between-groups variance (p.194)
Between-subjects or between-groups des…
Biased assignment (p.197)
The loss of participants during a study.
The proportion of the total variance in a set of scores that…
An experimental design in which each participant serves in on…
A threat to internal validity that occurs when participants a…
Attrition (p.199)
The loss of participants during a study.
Between-groups variance (p.194)
The proportion of the total variance in a set of scores that…
20 terms
Experimental Psychology - Chapter 9: Quiz Questions
Explain how creating an experiment is…
Discuss Rosnow and Rosenthal's practic…
How many subjects are recommended per…
Explain how Cohen's effect size affect…
...
...
...
...
Explain how creating an experiment is…
...
Discuss Rosnow and Rosenthal's practic…
...
26 terms
Experimental Psychology Chapter 9 (p. 161)
Scatterplot
Regression Line
Linear Relationship
Nonlinear Relationship
A graph showing the relationship between two quantitative var…
On a scatterplot, the line that minimizes the squared distanc…
A relationship between two quantitative variables that can be…
Relationships between two quantitative variables that cannot…
Scatterplot
A graph showing the relationship between two quantitative var…
Regression Line
On a scatterplot, the line that minimizes the squared distanc…
19 terms
Chapter 9 Terms: Experimental Psychology Exam 3
Survey research
Descriptive research question
Predictive research question
Causal research question
a research study that uses the survey observational technique…
a research question that asks about the presence of behavior,…
a research question that asks if one behavior can be predicte…
a research question that asks what causes specific behaviors…
Survey research
a research study that uses the survey observational technique…
Descriptive research question
a research question that asks about the presence of behavior,…
20 terms
Experimental Psychology - Chapter 9: Basic Between Subjects Design
Between subjects design
Block randomization
Control condition
Control group
A design in which different subjects to take part in each con…
A process of randomization that first creates treatment block…
A condition in which subjects receive a zero value of the ind…
The subjects in a control condition
Between subjects design
A design in which different subjects to take part in each con…
Block randomization
A process of randomization that first creates treatment block…
29 terms
Research Methods / Experimental Psychology Chapter 9
Balanced Latin Square Design
Between-Subjects Design
Carryover Effect
Changing-Criterion Design
...
...
...
...
Balanced Latin Square Design
...
Between-Subjects Design
...
27 terms
Experimental Psychology chapter 9 & 10 (2)
Between-subjects design
Block randomization
Control condition
Control group
A design in which different subjects take part in each condit…
A process of randomization that first creates treatment block…
A condition in which subjects receive a zero value of the ind…
The subjects in a control condition.
Between-subjects design
A design in which different subjects take part in each condit…
Block randomization
A process of randomization that first creates treatment block…
22 terms
Experimental Psych Chapter 9
operational definition
types of manipulations
straightforward manipulation
staged (event) manipulation
the specific procedures, methods, instructions, and definitio…
straightforward manipulation, staged (event) manipulation
manipulate variables with instructions and stimuli presented;…
induce some psychological state or recreate some event that o…
operational definition
the specific procedures, methods, instructions, and definitio…
types of manipulations
straightforward manipulation, staged (event) manipulation
19 terms
Experimental Psych Chapter 9
baseline phase (A)
clinical replication
concurrent multiple-baseline design
cyclical
the period in a single-subject design during which the interv…
used to enhance generalizability of single-subject designs, t…
a series of A-B designs (although A-B-A OR A-B-A-B designs co…
a baseline phase pattern in a single-subject design reflectin…
baseline phase (A)
the period in a single-subject design during which the interv…
clinical replication
used to enhance generalizability of single-subject designs, t…
20 terms
Experimental Psych Chapter 9
between-subjects design
block randomization
control condition
control group
a design in which different subjects take part in each condit…
a process of randomization that first creates treatment block…
a condition in which subjects receive a zero value of the ind…
the subjects in a control condition
between-subjects design
a design in which different subjects take part in each condit…
block randomization
a process of randomization that first creates treatment block…
25 terms
Experimental Psych: Chapter 9
Probability Sampling
Nonprobability Sampling
Determine the Sample Size: What is mor…
Setting the Stage
Totally random.
Convenience samples.... Ex. Psych students used for school exper…
Larger samples provide more accurate estimates of population…
Provide the atmosphere for the study.... Informed consent, instr…
Probability Sampling
Totally random.
Nonprobability Sampling
Convenience samples.... Ex. Psych students used for school exper…
11 terms
Experimental Psychology Ch 9
multivariate design
longitudinal design
cross-sectional correlation
autocorrelation
a study designed to test an association involving more than t…
a study in which the same variables are measured in the same…
in a longitudinal design, a correlation between two variables…
in a longitudinal design, the correlation of one variable wit…
multivariate design
a study designed to test an association involving more than t…
longitudinal design
a study in which the same variables are measured in the same…
10 terms
Experimental Chapter 9
between-subjects factorial design
factorial design
interaction (interaction effect)
main effect
a factorial design in which each subject engages in only one…
an experimental design that includes two or more independent…
in a factorial design, occurs when the way in which an indepe…
in a factorial design, occurs when an independent variable ha…
between-subjects factorial design
a factorial design in which each subject engages in only one…
factorial design
an experimental design that includes two or more independent…
15 terms
Chapter 9 - Experimental Foods
gelantinization
pasting
gelation
retrogradation
swelling of starch granules and migration of some amylose int…
changes in gelatinized starch, including considerable loss of…
process of formation of a gel
gradual increase of crystalline aggregates in starch gels dur…
gelantinization
swelling of starch granules and migration of some amylose int…
pasting
changes in gelatinized starch, including considerable loss of…
14 terms
Experimental Chapter 9
straightforward manipulation
staged manipulation
confederate
self-report
when the researcher manipulates an independent variable with…
when events during the experiment are staged in order manipul…
appears to be another participant in an experiment but is act…
used to measure attitudes, liking for someone, judgments, emo…
straightforward manipulation
when the researcher manipulates an independent variable with…
staged manipulation
when events during the experiment are staged in order manipul…
12 terms
Chapter 7/9 Experimental Psychology
Rosenthal Effect
Single Blind Experiment
Demand Characteristics
Good Participant Effect
experimental concluded idea of appropriate responding influen…
an experiment in which the experimenter is unaware of the tre…
features of the experimenter that inadvertently lead particip…
tendency of participants to behave as they perceive the exper…
Rosenthal Effect
experimental concluded idea of appropriate responding influen…
Single Blind Experiment
an experiment in which the experimenter is unaware of the tre…
10 terms
Experimental Design Chapter 9
Between-subjects Factorial Design
Factorial Design
Interaction (Interaction Effect)
Main Effect
Factorial design in which each subject engages in only one co…
2 or more independent variables and crosses (combines) every…
The way in which an independent variable influences behavior…
when an independent variable has an overall effect on a depen…
Between-subjects Factorial Design
Factorial design in which each subject engages in only one co…
Factorial Design
2 or more independent variables and crosses (combines) every…
28 terms
Experimental Chapter 9
Covariance
Temporal Presence
Internal Validity
Multivariate Research
Variables are related to each other
One variable came before the other or vice versa
No other variable must be the explanation.
Multiple Variables. ... Allows for the test of intermediate lin…
Covariance
Variables are related to each other
Temporal Presence
One variable came before the other or vice versa
32 terms
Chapter 9 Experimental Methods
Survey research
Is most survey research experimental o…
The use of survey research
Cognitive model of responding to surve…
Quantitative and qualitative method with two important charac…
Nonexperimental
used to describe single variables and assess statistical rela…
Question interpretation -> information retrieval -> judgement…
Survey research
Quantitative and qualitative method with two important charac…
Is most survey research experimental o…
Nonexperimental
Experimental Chapter 9
Statistics
Descriptive Statistics
Inferential Statistics
Measurement
A branch of math that focuses on collection and analysis of d…
Procedures used to summarize data
Procedures used to analyze whether the IV had an effect or not
The assignment of symbols to events according to a set of rules
Statistics
A branch of math that focuses on collection and analysis of d…
Descriptive Statistics
Procedures used to summarize data
Experimental chapter 9
Straightforward manipulation
Staged manipulation
Confederate
Self report
Manipulate variables with instructions and stimulus presentat…
It is necessary to stage events during the experiment in pres…
Another participant in an experiment but is actually part of…
Can be used to measure attitudes, liking for someone, judgeme…
Straightforward manipulation
Manipulate variables with instructions and stimulus presentat…
Staged manipulation
It is necessary to stage events during the experiment in pres…
34 terms
Experimental Psychology -Chapter 4
QALMRI
Reliability
Validity
internal validity
a method for critically evaluating experiments, as well as co…
results are repeatable when the behaviors are remeasured
measures what it has been designed to measure
Free from measurement error, measure relates to psychological…
QALMRI
a method for critically evaluating experiments, as well as co…
Reliability
results are repeatable when the behaviors are remeasured
Chapter 10-Experimental Psychology
Across-subjects counter balancing
Balanced Latin square
Block randomization
Carryover effect
A technique for controlling progressive error that pools all…
A partial counterbalancing technique for constructing a matri…
A process of randomization that first creates treatment block…
The persistence of the effect of a treatment condition after…
Across-subjects counter balancing
A technique for controlling progressive error that pools all…
Balanced Latin square
A partial counterbalancing technique for constructing a matri…
18 terms
Experimental: Chapter 9
Between-subjects design
Block randomization
Control condition
Control group
a design in which different subjects take part in each condit…
a process of randomization that first creates treatment block…
a condition in which subjects receive a zero value of the ind…
the subjects in a control condition
Between-subjects design
a design in which different subjects take part in each condit…
Block randomization
a process of randomization that first creates treatment block…
Experimental Psychology Chapter 7
Balancing
Constancy of conditions
Context variable
Cover story
A technique used to control the impact of extraneous variable…
A control procedure used to avoid confounding: keeping all as…
Extraneous variable stemming from procedures created by the e…
A plausible but false explanation of the procedures in an exp…
Balancing
A technique used to control the impact of extraneous variable…
Constancy of conditions
A control procedure used to avoid confounding: keeping all as…
40 terms
Chapter 9- Experimental Research
Confounding variables
Experimental Research
Random assignment
Subjects
In experiment research, factors that are not part of the inte…
Builds on the principals of the positivist approach ( Natural…
Participants divided into groups at the beginning of experime…
A traditional name for participants in experimental research
Confounding variables
In experiment research, factors that are not part of the inte…
Experimental Research
Builds on the principals of the positivist approach ( Natural…
16 terms
Chapter 2 Experimental Psychology
Inductive Logic
Deductive Logic
Directional Research Hypothesizes
Nondirectional Research Hypothesis
reasoning that proceeds from specific cases to general conclu…
reasoning that proceeds from general theories to specific cases
prediction of the specific outcome of an experiment
a specific prediction concerning the outcome of an experiment…
Inductive Logic
reasoning that proceeds from specific cases to general conclu…
Deductive Logic
reasoning that proceeds from general theories to specific cases
23 terms
Experimental Psychology - Chapter 3
science
Data
Theory
Basic Research
a way of knowing about the world
the patterns in the observations that we make
the story that we tell to explain observations, and predict f…
describing, predicting, and explaining fundamental principles…
science
a way of knowing about the world
Data
the patterns in the observations that we make
Chapter 8 Experimental Psychology
Between-subjects design
block randomization
Control condition
Control group
A design in which different subjects take part in each condit…
A process of randomization that first creates treatment block…
A condition in which subjects receive a zero value of the ind…
The subjects in a control condition
Between-subjects design
A design in which different subjects take part in each condit…
block randomization
A process of randomization that first creates treatment block…
42 terms
Chapter 9 Experimental
"Setting the stage" refers to
An educational psychologist wanted to…
Which type(s) of manipulation frequent…
What are 3 general types of a dependen…
none of these
straightforward
staged
1. self report... 2. behavioral... 3. physiological
"Setting the stage" refers to
none of these
An educational psychologist wanted to…
straightforward
35 terms
Experimental Psychology Chapter 3
Variable
Level
Constant
Measure Variable
Is something that varies, so it must have at least two levels…
Also known as values.
Is something that could potentially vary but that has only on…
Is one whose levels are simply observed and recorded.
Variable
Is something that varies, so it must have at least two levels…
Level
Also known as values.
52 terms
Chapter 9: Experimental Research
independent variables
levels
conditions
quantitative differences
manipulated to assess their affects on behaviors
an IV must have 2 or more, different values of the IV
different levels of the independent variables (groups)
numerical/volume difference (amount of caffeine)
independent variables
manipulated to assess their affects on behaviors
levels
an IV must have 2 or more, different values of the IV
21 terms
Chapter 9 Experimental Research
3 requirements for causality
Control
active variables
observed variables
1. The IV must preceed the DV ... 2. the IV and DV must go toget…
the more you have of this, the more causality. ... 1. manipulate…
can manipulate
can't manipulate
3 requirements for causality
1. The IV must preceed the DV ... 2. the IV and DV must go toget…
Control
the more you have of this, the more causality. ... 1. manipulate…
Chapter 9 Experimental Design
random assignment
program group
treatment group
comparison group
the process of assigning your sample into two or more subgrou…
receives the program of interest and is usually contrasted wi…
receives program of interest and is contrasted with a no trea…
the control group
random assignment
the process of assigning your sample into two or more subgrou…
program group
receives the program of interest and is usually contrasted wi…
chapter 9 experimental design
internal validity
good experiments are said to have
experiments that lead to valid results…
an experiment that is internally valid
refers to how well an experiment is done, especially whether…
internal validity
internally valid
control rules out the inadvertent confounding, careful select…
internal validity
refers to how well an experiment is done, especially whether…
good experiments are said to have
internal validity
11 terms
Chapter 9: Experimental Design
Event Related Design
Epoch (event related design context)
Jittering
Blocked Design
(1) Area of interest is evoked transiently by brief presentat…
A time segment extracted from a larger series of images, usua…
(1) Randomizing the intervals between successive stimulus eve…
(1) condition is presented continuously for an extended perio…
Event Related Design
(1) Area of interest is evoked transiently by brief presentat…
Epoch (event related design context)
A time segment extracted from a larger series of images, usua…
10 terms
Experimental Design Chapter 9
factorial design
between-subjects factorial design
within-subjects factorial design
mixed-factorial design
includes two or more independent variables and crosses every…
a factorial design in which each subject engages in only one…
a factorial design in which each subject engages in every con…
a factorial design that includes one between-subject variable…
factorial design
includes two or more independent variables and crosses every…
between-subjects factorial design
a factorial design in which each subject engages in only one…
21 terms
Experimental Methods Chapter 9
open-ended item
restricted item
partially open-ended item
mail survey
Questionnaire item that allows allows the subject to fill in…
Questionnaire item that provides participants with response a…
Questionnaire item that provides participants with response c…
Method of administrating a survey that involves mailing quest…
open-ended item
Questionnaire item that allows allows the subject to fill in…
restricted item
Questionnaire item that provides participants with response a…
23 terms
Chapter 9 Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs
Experimental and Quasi-Experimental De…
Cause-and-Effect Relationships
True Experimental Design
Randomization
Require that the researcher actively... intervenes to bring abou…
Three criteria are needed to infer causality:... -The causal (in…
Three properties:... -Randomization... -Control ... -Manipulation... A re…
Each subject in the study has an equal... chance of being assign…
Experimental and Quasi-Experimental De…
Require that the researcher actively... intervenes to bring abou…
Cause-and-Effect Relationships
Three criteria are needed to infer causality:... -The causal (in…
92 terms
Chapter 9- Experimental Research
Experimental Research builds on this a…
Experiment Research can be found in
Experiment's basic logic extends beyon…
3 things researchers do in an experiment
The Positivist Approach
Education, Criminal Justice, Nursing, Marketing, Journalism,…
Common sense thinking
1. Begin with a hypothesis... 2. Modify something in the situati…
Experimental Research builds on this a…
The Positivist Approach
Experiment Research can be found in
Education, Criminal Justice, Nursing, Marketing, Journalism,…
12 terms
Experimental Psychology Chapter 14
Conceptual Replication
Exact Replication
External Validity
Literature Review
A type of replication of research using different procedures…
A type of replication of research using the same procedures f…
The degree to which the results of an experiment may be gener…
A process of searching for and reviewing previous studies rel…
Conceptual Replication
A type of replication of research using different procedures…
Exact Replication
A type of replication of research using the same procedures f…
18 terms
Experimental Methods Chapter 9
open-ended item
restricted item
partially open-ended item
mail survey
Questionnaire item that allows allows the subject to fill in…
Questionnaire item that provides participants with response a…
Questionnaire item that provides participants with response c…
Method of administrating a survey that involves mailing quest…
open-ended item
Questionnaire item that allows allows the subject to fill in…
restricted item
Questionnaire item that provides participants with response a…
24 terms
Research Chapter 9: Experimental and Quasi Experimental Designs
level II
cause, effect
true experimental, after only, solomon…
true experimental design
A true experimental design provides what level of evidence?
A True experimental design tests true ________ and ________…
What are the 3 Experimental design types?
What Experimental design type is this describing?... -Classic…
level II
A true experimental design provides what level of evidence?
cause, effect
A True experimental design tests true ________ and ________…
21 terms
Experimental Psychology Chapter 5
Self-Report Measure
Observational Measure
Physiological Measure
Categorical Variable
Operationalizes a variable by recording people's answers to q…
Sometimes called a behavioral measure, operationalizes a vari…
Operationalizes a variable by recording biological data such…
Are categories.
Self-Report Measure
Operationalizes a variable by recording people's answers to q…
Observational Measure
Sometimes called a behavioral measure, operationalizes a vari…
14 terms
Chapter 9 experimental design
What is an experimental design?
What factors go into the decision of w…
What is a between-subjects design?
What is random sampling?
structure of the study
...
When participants receive one treatment
When everyone gets an equal chance to participate in the study
What is an experimental design?
structure of the study
What factors go into the decision of w…
...
16 terms
Experimental Psychology ch. 9
experimental design
between-subjects designs
two-group design
two-independent groups design
general structure of the experiment
different subjects take part in each condition of the experim…
when only 2 treatment conditions are needed
subjects are placed in each of 2 treatment conditions through…
experimental design
general structure of the experiment
between-subjects designs
different subjects take part in each condition of the experim…
1 of 10