#### Study sets matching "psych chapter 9 experimental"

#### Study sets matching "psych chapter 9 experimental"

positive correlation

negative correlation

Pearson's r

scatterplot

A relationship between variables X and Y such that a high scor…

A relationship between variables X and Y such that a high scor…

Measure of the size of a correlation between two variables; ra…

A graph depicting the relationship shown by a correlation.

positive correlation

A relationship between variables X and Y such that a high scor…

negative correlation

A relationship between variables X and Y such that a high scor…

Chi-square Test of Independence

Confound

Empty Control Group

Exploratory Analysis

A statistical test used when all variables are categorical. Th…

A variable that varies along with the independent variable.

A group of participants who complete the dependent measure wit…

Any statistical test that is not planned before the experiment…

Chi-square Test of Independence

A statistical test used when all variables are categorical. Th…

Confound

A variable that varies along with the independent variable.

Between-subjects designs

Carryover effects

Concurrent-measures design

Conditions

an experimental design in which different groups of participan…

a threat to internal validity that occurs when being exposed t…

an experiment using a within-groups design in which participan…

one of the levels of the independent variable in an experiment…

Between-subjects designs

an experimental design in which different groups of participan…

Carryover effects

a threat to internal validity that occurs when being exposed t…

Behavioral measure

ceiling effect

confederate

demand characteristics

direct observations of behaviors

failure of a measure to detect a difference because it was too…

a person posing as a participant in an experiment who is actua…

cues that inform the subject how he or she is expected to beha…

Behavioral measure

direct observations of behaviors

ceiling effect

failure of a measure to detect a difference because it was too…

beta weights

Chi Square (X^2) Statistic

Coefficient of Determination (r^2)

Common-causal variables

see regression coefficients: Statistics that indicate the rela…

A statistic used to assess the relationship between two nomina…

The proportion of variance accounted for by the correlation co…

In a correlational research design, variables that are not par…

beta weights

see regression coefficients: Statistics that indicate the rela…

Chi Square (X^2) Statistic

A statistic used to assess the relationship between two nomina…

Factor

Factorial Design

Higher -order interaction

Interaction

An independent variable in a factorial design

An experimental design in which more than one independent vari…

An interaction effect involving more than two independent vari…

The effect of one independent variable changes across the leve…

Factor

An independent variable in a factorial design

Factorial Design

An experimental design in which more than one independent vari…

Attrition (p.199)

Between-groups variance (p.194)

Between-subjects or between-groups desi…

Biased assignment (p.197)

The loss of participants during a study.

The proportion of the total variance in a set of scores that r…

An experimental design in which each participant serves in onl…

A threat to internal validity that occurs when participants ar…

Attrition (p.199)

The loss of participants during a study.

Between-groups variance (p.194)

The proportion of the total variance in a set of scores that r…

Scatterplot

Regression Line

Linear Relationship

Nonlinear Relationship

A graph showing the relationship between two quantitative vari…

On a scatterplot, the line that minimizes the squared distance…

A relationship between two quantitative variables that can be…

Relationships between two quantitative variables that cannot b…

Scatterplot

A graph showing the relationship between two quantitative vari…

Regression Line

On a scatterplot, the line that minimizes the squared distance…

Explain how creating an experiment is a…

Discuss Rosnow and Rosenthal's practica…

How many subjects are recommended per t…

Explain how Cohen's effect size affects…

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Explain how creating an experiment is a…

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Discuss Rosnow and Rosenthal's practica…

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between-subjects design

block randomization

control group

control condition

A design in which different subjects take part in each conditi…

A process of randomization that first creates treatment blocks…

The subjects in a control condition.

A condition in which subjects receive a zero value of the inde…

between-subjects design

A design in which different subjects take part in each conditi…

block randomization

A process of randomization that first creates treatment blocks…

Survey research

Descriptive research question

Predictive research question

Causal research question

a research study that uses the survey observational technique…

a research question that asks about the presence of behavior,…

a research question that asks if one behavior can be predicted…

a research question that asks what causes specific behaviors t…

Survey research

a research study that uses the survey observational technique…

Descriptive research question

a research question that asks about the presence of behavior,…

Between subjects design

Block randomization

Control condition

Control group

A design in which different subjects to take part in each cond…

A process of randomization that first creates treatment blocks…

A condition in which subjects receive a zero value of the inde…

The subjects in a control condition

Between subjects design

A design in which different subjects to take part in each cond…

Block randomization

A process of randomization that first creates treatment blocks…

Between-subjects design

Block randomization

Control condition

Control group

A design in which different subjects take part in each conditi…

A process of randomization that first creates treatment blocks…

A condition in which subjects receive a zero value of the inde…

The subjects in a control condition.

Between-subjects design

A design in which different subjects take part in each conditi…

Block randomization

A process of randomization that first creates treatment blocks…

baseline phase (A)

clinical replication

concurrent multiple-baseline design

cyclical

the period in a single-subject design during which the interve…

used to enhance generalizability of single-subject designs, th…

a series of A-B designs (although A-B-A OR A-B-A-B designs cou…

a baseline phase pattern in a single-subject design reflecting…

baseline phase (A)

the period in a single-subject design during which the interve…

clinical replication

used to enhance generalizability of single-subject designs, th…

Alternative Hypothesis

Critical Region

Descriptive statistics

Directional hypothesis

A statement that the data came from different populations; the…

Portion in the tail(s) of the distribution of a test statistic…

The standard procedures used to summarize and describe data qu…

A statement that predicts the exact pattern of results that wi…

Alternative Hypothesis

A statement that the data came from different populations; the…

Critical Region

Portion in the tail(s) of the distribution of a test statistic…

Between-subjects design

block randomization

Control condition

Control group

A design in which different subjects take part in each conditi…

A process of randomization that first creates treatment blocks…

A condition in which subjects receive a zero value of the inde…

The subjects in a control condition

Between-subjects design

A design in which different subjects take part in each conditi…

block randomization

A process of randomization that first creates treatment blocks…

Across-subjects counter balancing

Balanced Latin square

Block randomization

Carryover effect

A technique for controlling progressive error that pools all s…

A partial counterbalancing technique for constructing a matrix…

A process of randomization that first creates treatment blocks…

The persistence of the effect of a treatment condition after t…

Across-subjects counter balancing

A technique for controlling progressive error that pools all s…

Balanced Latin square

A partial counterbalancing technique for constructing a matrix…

Inductive Logic

Deductive Logic

Directional Research Hypothesizes

Nondirectional Research Hypothesis

reasoning that proceeds from specific cases to general conclus…

reasoning that proceeds from general theories to specific cases

prediction of the specific outcome of an experiment

a specific prediction concerning the outcome of an experiment…

Inductive Logic

reasoning that proceeds from specific cases to general conclus…

Deductive Logic

reasoning that proceeds from general theories to specific cases

What is the goal of Scientific Psycholo…

Social Loafing

Diffusion of responsibility

Skepticism

To understand why people think and act as they do.

the phenomenon in which people work less hard in groups due to…

the feeling of responsibility is proportional to the number of…

the philosophical belief that truth of all knowledge is questi…

What is the goal of Scientific Psycholo…

To understand why people think and act as they do.

Social Loafing

the phenomenon in which people work less hard in groups due to…

naturlistic observation

participant observation

observer bias

behavior checklists

Descriptive research method in which the behavior of people or…

Descriptive research method in which the behavior of people is…

Can occur when preconceived ideas held by the researcher affec…

Lists of behaviors with predefined operational definitions tha…

naturlistic observation

Descriptive research method in which the behavior of people or…

participant observation

Descriptive research method in which the behavior of people is…

multivariate design

longitudinal design

cross-sectional correlation

autocorrelation

a study designed to test an association involving more than tw…

a study in which the same variables are measured in the same p…

in a longitudinal design, a correlation between two variables…

in a longitudinal design, the correlation of one variable with…

multivariate design

a study designed to test an association involving more than tw…

longitudinal design

a study in which the same variables are measured in the same p…

between-subjects design

block randomization

control condition

control group

a design in which different subjects take part in each conditi…

a process of randomization that first creates treatment blocks…

a condition in which subjects receive a zero value of the inde…

the subjects in a control condition

between-subjects design

a design in which different subjects take part in each conditi…

block randomization

a process of randomization that first creates treatment blocks…

Probability Sampling

Nonprobability Sampling

Determine the Sample Size: What is more…

Setting the Stage

Totally random.

Convenience samples.... Ex. Psych students used for school experi…

Larger samples provide more accurate estimates of population v…

Provide the atmosphere for the study.... Informed consent, instru…

Probability Sampling

Totally random.

Nonprobability Sampling

Convenience samples.... Ex. Psych students used for school experi…

What are some major criteria for experi…

Dependent Variable

Independent Variable

Levels of experimentation (for comparis…

Experiments occur when the environment is systematically manip…

The response being measured that is dependent on the manipulat…

The variable being manipulated by the experimenter in order af…

May differ in a quantitative sense or qualitative sense; at le…

What are some major criteria for experi…

Experiments occur when the environment is systematically manip…

Dependent Variable

The response being measured that is dependent on the manipulat…