#### Study sets matching "psych chapter 9 experimental"

#### Study sets matching "psych chapter 9 experimental"

positive correlation

negative correlation

Pearson's r

scatterplot

A relationship between variables X and Y such that a high sco…

A relationship between variables X and Y such that a high sco…

Measure of the size of a correlation between two variables; r…

A graph depicting the relationship shown by a correlation.

positive correlation

A relationship between variables X and Y such that a high sco…

negative correlation

A relationship between variables X and Y such that a high sco…

Chi-square Test of Independence

Confound

Empty Control Group

Exploratory Analysis

A statistical test used when all variables are categorical. T…

A variable that varies along with the independent variable.

A group of participants who complete the dependent measure wi…

Any statistical test that is not planned before the experimen…

Chi-square Test of Independence

A statistical test used when all variables are categorical. T…

Confound

A variable that varies along with the independent variable.

Between-subjects designs

Carryover effects

Concurrent-measures design

Conditions

an experimental design in which different groups of participa…

a threat to internal validity that occurs when being exposed…

an experiment using a within-groups design in which participa…

one of the levels of the independent variable in an experimen…

Between-subjects designs

an experimental design in which different groups of participa…

Carryover effects

a threat to internal validity that occurs when being exposed…

Behavioral measure

ceiling effect

confederate

demand characteristics

direct observations of behaviors

failure of a measure to detect a difference because it was to…

a person posing as a participant in an experiment who is actu…

cues that inform the subject how he or she is expected to beh…

Behavioral measure

direct observations of behaviors

ceiling effect

failure of a measure to detect a difference because it was to…

beta weights

Chi Square (X^2) Statistic

Coefficient of Determination (r^2)

Common-causal variables

see regression coefficients: Statistics that indicate the rel…

A statistic used to assess the relationship between two nomin…

The proportion of variance accounted for by the correlation c…

In a correlational research design, variables that are not pa…

beta weights

see regression coefficients: Statistics that indicate the rel…

Chi Square (X^2) Statistic

A statistic used to assess the relationship between two nomin…

Factor

Factorial Design

Higher -order interaction

Interaction

An independent variable in a factorial design

An experimental design in which more than one independent var…

An interaction effect involving more than two independent var…

The effect of one independent variable changes across the lev…

Factor

An independent variable in a factorial design

Factorial Design

An experimental design in which more than one independent var…

Attrition (p.199)

Between-groups variance (p.194)

Between-subjects or between-groups des…

Biased assignment (p.197)

The loss of participants during a study.

The proportion of the total variance in a set of scores that…

An experimental design in which each participant serves in on…

A threat to internal validity that occurs when participants a…

Attrition (p.199)

The loss of participants during a study.

Between-groups variance (p.194)

The proportion of the total variance in a set of scores that…

Explain how creating an experiment is…

Discuss Rosnow and Rosenthal's practic…

How many subjects are recommended per…

Explain how Cohen's effect size affect…

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Explain how creating an experiment is…

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Discuss Rosnow and Rosenthal's practic…

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Scatterplot

Regression Line

Linear Relationship

Nonlinear Relationship

A graph showing the relationship between two quantitative var…

On a scatterplot, the line that minimizes the squared distanc…

A relationship between two quantitative variables that can be…

Relationships between two quantitative variables that cannot…

Scatterplot

A graph showing the relationship between two quantitative var…

Regression Line

On a scatterplot, the line that minimizes the squared distanc…

Survey research

Descriptive research question

Predictive research question

Causal research question

a research study that uses the survey observational technique…

a research question that asks about the presence of behavior,…

a research question that asks if one behavior can be predicte…

a research question that asks what causes specific behaviors…

Survey research

a research study that uses the survey observational technique…

Descriptive research question

a research question that asks about the presence of behavior,…

Between subjects design

Block randomization

Control condition

Control group

A design in which different subjects to take part in each con…

A process of randomization that first creates treatment block…

A condition in which subjects receive a zero value of the ind…

The subjects in a control condition

Between subjects design

A design in which different subjects to take part in each con…

Block randomization

A process of randomization that first creates treatment block…

Between-subjects design

Block randomization

Control condition

Control group

A design in which different subjects take part in each condit…

A process of randomization that first creates treatment block…

A condition in which subjects receive a zero value of the ind…

The subjects in a control condition.

Between-subjects design

A design in which different subjects take part in each condit…

Block randomization

A process of randomization that first creates treatment block…

operational definition

types of manipulations

straightforward manipulation

staged (event) manipulation

the specific procedures, methods, instructions, and definitio…

straightforward manipulation, staged (event) manipulation

manipulate variables with instructions and stimuli presented;…

induce some psychological state or recreate some event that o…

operational definition

the specific procedures, methods, instructions, and definitio…

types of manipulations

straightforward manipulation, staged (event) manipulation

baseline phase (A)

clinical replication

concurrent multiple-baseline design

cyclical

the period in a single-subject design during which the interv…

used to enhance generalizability of single-subject designs, t…

a series of A-B designs (although A-B-A OR A-B-A-B designs co…

a baseline phase pattern in a single-subject design reflectin…

baseline phase (A)

the period in a single-subject design during which the interv…

clinical replication

used to enhance generalizability of single-subject designs, t…

Across-subjects counter balancing

Balanced Latin square

Block randomization

Carryover effect

A technique for controlling progressive error that pools all…

A partial counterbalancing technique for constructing a matri…

A process of randomization that first creates treatment block…

The persistence of the effect of a treatment condition after…

Across-subjects counter balancing

A technique for controlling progressive error that pools all…

Balanced Latin square

A partial counterbalancing technique for constructing a matri…

Inductive Logic

Deductive Logic

Directional Research Hypothesizes

Nondirectional Research Hypothesis

reasoning that proceeds from specific cases to general conclu…

reasoning that proceeds from general theories to specific cases

prediction of the specific outcome of an experiment

a specific prediction concerning the outcome of an experiment…

Inductive Logic

reasoning that proceeds from specific cases to general conclu…

Deductive Logic

reasoning that proceeds from general theories to specific cases

Between-subjects design

block randomization

Control condition

Control group

A design in which different subjects take part in each condit…

A process of randomization that first creates treatment block…

A condition in which subjects receive a zero value of the ind…

The subjects in a control condition

Between-subjects design

A design in which different subjects take part in each condit…

block randomization

A process of randomization that first creates treatment block…

Alternative Hypothesis

Critical Region

Descriptive statistics

Directional hypothesis

A statement that the data came from different populations; th…

Portion in the tail(s) of the distribution of a test statisti…

The standard procedures used to summarize and describe data q…

A statement that predicts the exact pattern of results that w…

Alternative Hypothesis

A statement that the data came from different populations; th…

Critical Region

Portion in the tail(s) of the distribution of a test statisti…

Balancing

Constancy of conditions

Context variable

Cover story

A technique used to control the impact of extraneous variable…

A control procedure used to avoid confounding: keeping all as…

Extraneous variable stemming from procedures created by the e…

A plausible but false explanation of the procedures in an exp…

Balancing

A technique used to control the impact of extraneous variable…

Constancy of conditions

A control procedure used to avoid confounding: keeping all as…

What is the goal of Scientific Psychol…

Social Loafing

Diffusion of responsibility

Skepticism

To understand why people think and act as they do.

the phenomenon in which people work less hard in groups due t…

the feeling of responsibility is proportional to the number o…

the philosophical belief that truth of all knowledge is quest…

What is the goal of Scientific Psychol…

To understand why people think and act as they do.

Social Loafing

the phenomenon in which people work less hard in groups due t…

between-subjects design

block randomization

control condition

control group

a design in which different subjects take part in each condit…

a process of randomization that first creates treatment block…

a condition in which subjects receive a zero value of the ind…

the subjects in a control condition

between-subjects design

a design in which different subjects take part in each condit…

block randomization

a process of randomization that first creates treatment block…

multivariate design

longitudinal design

cross-sectional correlation

autocorrelation

a study designed to test an association involving more than t…

a study in which the same variables are measured in the same…

in a longitudinal design, a correlation between two variables…

in a longitudinal design, the correlation of one variable wit…

multivariate design

a study designed to test an association involving more than t…

longitudinal design

a study in which the same variables are measured in the same…

Probability Sampling

Nonprobability Sampling

Determine the Sample Size: What is mor…

Setting the Stage

Totally random.

Convenience samples.... Ex. Psych students used for school exper…

Larger samples provide more accurate estimates of population…

Provide the atmosphere for the study.... Informed consent, instr…

Probability Sampling

Totally random.

Nonprobability Sampling

Convenience samples.... Ex. Psych students used for school exper…

What are some major criteria for exper…

Dependent Variable

Independent Variable

Levels of experimentation (for compari…

Experiments occur when the environment is systematically mani…

The response being measured that is dependent on the manipula…

The variable being manipulated by the experimenter in order a…

May differ in a quantitative sense or qualitative sense; at l…

What are some major criteria for exper…

Experiments occur when the environment is systematically mani…

Dependent Variable

The response being measured that is dependent on the manipula…