Study sets matching "psych chapter 9"

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Study sets matching "psych chapter 9"

Psychology Chapter 9
Intelligence
Facility
Mental Age
Intelligence Quotient (I.Q.)
The abilities to learn from experience, to think rationally,…
one of Thurstone's primary mental abilities.
shows the intellectual level at which a child is functioning.
a number that reflects the relationship between a child's men…
Intelligence
The abilities to learn from experience, to think rationally,…
Facility
one of Thurstone's primary mental abilities.
49 terms
Psychology Chapter 9 Memory
Memory
Sensory Memory
George Sperling
iconic memory
Any indication that learning has persisted over time
A split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information,…
Experimented with sensory memory, flashed images to participa…
A split-second perfect photograph of a scene, lasts a few ten…
Memory
Any indication that learning has persisted over time
Sensory Memory
A split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information,…
33 terms
Psychology Chapter 9 Learning
Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
Stimulus
Response
Making an association between two event by repeated exposure
Pavlov's method an association is made between a natural stim…
anything that elicits a response
A reaction to a stimulus
Conditioning
Making an association between two event by repeated exposure
Classical Conditioning
Pavlov's method an association is made between a natural stim…
Psychology Chapter 9 Memory
Memory
Sensory Memory
George Sperling
iconic memory
Any indication that learning has persisted over time
A split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information,…
Experimented with sensory memory, flashed images to participa…
A split-second perfect photograph of a scene, lasts a few ten…
Memory
Any indication that learning has persisted over time
Sensory Memory
A split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information,…
10 terms
Psychology -- Chapter 9 Sleep
sleep
REM - rapid eye movement
"paradoxical" sleep
Alpha waves
state of unconsciousness -- consists of 5 main stages
5-10 minutes but increases in length with each time (max 20-5…
The type of sleep encountered during REM when internally, the…
brain waves that indicate a state of relaxation or light sleep
sleep
state of unconsciousness -- consists of 5 main stages
REM - rapid eye movement
5-10 minutes but increases in length with each time (max 20-5…
Chapter 9: Developmental psychology
Cross sectional
Longitudinal study
Reflexes
Rooting
Uses participants of different ages and compare them. Can pro…
Examines one group for a long period of time. Gather partisan…
Specific inborn and automatic responses to certain specific s…
Infants automatically turn their heads in the direction of th…
Cross sectional
Uses participants of different ages and compare them. Can pro…
Longitudinal study
Examines one group for a long period of time. Gather partisan…
29 terms
Psychology Chapter 9 Review
Intelligence-
Achievement-
Spearman's Two-Factor Theory-
Thurstone's Theory of Primary Mental A…
Defined as the ability to learn from experience, to think rat…
Refers to knowledge and skills gained from experience.
He suggested that intelligence consists of two factors - a "g…
Believed that seven separate factors make up intelligence. He…
Intelligence-
Defined as the ability to learn from experience, to think rat…
Achievement-
Refers to knowledge and skills gained from experience.
Psychology Chapter 9 Intelligence
mental retardation
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
gifted
achievement
having an IQ score at or below 70
first modern intelligence test
possessing outstanding talent or the potential to achieve at…
knowledge and skills gained from experience
mental retardation
having an IQ score at or below 70
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
first modern intelligence test
61 terms
Psychology - Chapter 9 - Memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
automatic processing
processing of information into the memory system
retaining information over time
getting information out of storage
unconscious processing of information - does not require effo…
encoding
processing of information into the memory system
storage
retaining information over time
Psychology Chapter 9: Intelligence
Achievement
Intelligence
Mental Age
Intelligence Quotient
Knowledge and skills gained from experience and education
The capacity to learn from experience, solve problems, and ad…
The level of intellectual functioning, which is compared to c…
The ratio of mental age multiplied by 100; the average perfor…
Achievement
Knowledge and skills gained from experience and education
Intelligence
The capacity to learn from experience, solve problems, and ad…
58 terms
Psychology Chapter 9
Intelligence
Western Intelligence
Taoist Perspective (Intelligence)
Confucian Perspective
Problem solving skills and the ability to adapt to and learn…
Emphasizes adaptation to environment, basic mental processes,…
Emphasizes humility, freedom from conventional standards of j…
Emphasizes the characteristics of benevolence and of doing wh…
Intelligence
Problem solving skills and the ability to adapt to and learn…
Western Intelligence
Emphasizes adaptation to environment, basic mental processes,…
45 terms
Chapter 9 - Developmental Psychology
temperament
Gender
X chromosome
Y chromosome
A person's characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity
the biologically and socially influenced characteristics by w…
the sex chromosome found in both men and women. females have…
The sex chromosome found only in males. When paired with an X…
temperament
A person's characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity
Gender
the biologically and socially influenced characteristics by w…
32 terms
Psychology Chapter 9
Motivation
Instinct Approach
Drive-reduction theory
Homeostasis (DRT)
-process by which activities are started, directed, and conti…
-human behavior is governed by biologically determined, innat…
-physiological needs produce urges that motivates us to fulfi…
- our bodies try to maintain a state of equilibrium
Motivation
-process by which activities are started, directed, and conti…
Instinct Approach
-human behavior is governed by biologically determined, innat…
27 terms
Psychology Chapter 9
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category. matching new it…
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
Chapter 9 psychology
Thought
Creativity
Two thinking types:
Divergent
The language of the mind
To generate new ideas and form solutions. Its very flexible
*Convergent... *Divergent
Attempts to generate many solutions MORE CREATIVE
Thought
The language of the mind
Creativity
To generate new ideas and form solutions. Its very flexible
22 terms
Psychology chapter 9
Discrimination
Extinction
Learning
Generalization
The ability to respond differently to different stimuli
The gradual disappearance of a conditioned response when the…
A relatively permanent change in behavior that results from e…
In classical conditioning, the tendency for a stimulus that i…
Discrimination
The ability to respond differently to different stimuli
Extinction
The gradual disappearance of a conditioned response when the…
Cognitive psychology chapter 9
Sentences
Morphemes
Phonemes
Voicing
a sequence of words that conforms to the rules of syntax
the smallest language unit that carries meaning
the basic categories of sound used to convey language
one of the properties that distinguishes different categories…
Sentences
a sequence of words that conforms to the rules of syntax
Morphemes
the smallest language unit that carries meaning
15 terms
psychology chapter 9
basal metabolic rate
Cannon-Bard theory
drive-reduction theory
emotion
the body's resting rate of energy output.
the theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously t…
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused state (…
a response of the whole organism, involving (1) bodily arousa…
basal metabolic rate
the body's resting rate of energy output.
Cannon-Bard theory
the theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously t…
The World of Psychology Chapter 9
Lifespan Perspective
Psychosocial Stages
Identity Crisis
Adolescence
"The view that developemental changes happen throughout the h…
"Erikson's eight developmental stages through which individua…
"The emotional turmoil a teenager experiences when trying to…
"The developmental stage that begins at puberty and encompase…
Lifespan Perspective
"The view that developemental changes happen throughout the h…
Psychosocial Stages
"Erikson's eight developmental stages through which individua…
Psychology Chapter 9 Review
Motivation
Intrinsic Motivation
Extrinsic Motivation
Instinct Approaches
Process by which activities are started, directed, or continu…
An act itself is motivating or internally rewarding
Outcome is separate from the person
Proposed that some humans action motivated by instinct
Motivation
Process by which activities are started, directed, or continu…
Intrinsic Motivation
An act itself is motivating or internally rewarding
26 terms
Psychology: Chapter 9
Positive Reinforcement
Negative Reinforcement
Punishment
Classical Conditioning
rewarding (adding something) consequences that follow a behav…
the removal of an unpleasant stimulus to increase a behavior
an unpleasant consequence that decreases the behavior
Learning from the association of a neutral stimulus and an un…
Positive Reinforcement
rewarding (adding something) consequences that follow a behav…
Negative Reinforcement
the removal of an unpleasant stimulus to increase a behavior
Psychology Chapter 9
Operant Conditioning
Reinforcement
Primary reinforcers
Secondary reinforcers
type of learning in which people learn to do certain things b…
process by which a stimulus increases chances that preceding…
reinforcers that function due to the biological makeup of the…
reinforcers that initially acquire their value through being…
Operant Conditioning
type of learning in which people learn to do certain things b…
Reinforcement
process by which a stimulus increases chances that preceding…
84 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 9
encoding
storage
retrieval
types of encoding
putting information into your brain
keeping the information in your brain
getting the information out
visual encoding; acoustic encoding; semantic encoding
encoding
putting information into your brain
storage
keeping the information in your brain
32 terms
Chapter 9: Ciccarelli Psychology
Motivation
Extrinsic Motivation
Intrinsic Motivation
Need
The process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
In this motivation, a person performs an action because it le…
Type of motivation in which a person performs an action becau…
A requirement of some material that is essential for the surv…
Motivation
The process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
Extrinsic Motivation
In this motivation, a person performs an action because it le…
31 terms
Chapter 9 Psychology
Classical Conditioning
Neutral Stimulus
Unconditioned Stimulus
Unconditioned Response
a learning procedure in which associations are made between a…
a stimulus that does not initially elicit a response
in classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally--n…
in classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occurring…
Classical Conditioning
a learning procedure in which associations are made between a…
Neutral Stimulus
a stimulus that does not initially elicit a response
29 terms
Psychology Chapter 9
Epigenetics refers to
Elizabeth is in the fifteenth week of…
Although Baby Emma was only a few hour…
Teresa is a quiet child who has never…
the study of the mechanisms that control gene expression and…
fetal
a human face
slow-to-warm-up
Epigenetics refers to
the study of the mechanisms that control gene expression and…
Elizabeth is in the fifteenth week of…
fetal
59 terms
Psychology Chapter 9
Developmental Psychology
Three major issues
Nature or Nurture
maturation
the study of age-related changes in behavior and mental proce…
1. Nature of Nurture... 2. Stages or Continuity... 3. Stability or…
one of 3 major issues, how genetics and life experiences infl…
the continuing influence of heredity throughout development;…
Developmental Psychology
the study of age-related changes in behavior and mental proce…
Three major issues
1. Nature of Nurture... 2. Stages or Continuity... 3. Stability or…
57 terms
OpenStax Psychology Chapter 9
accommodation
adolescence
adrenarche
assimilation
adjustment of a schema by changing a scheme to accommodate ne…
period of development that begins at puberty and ends at earl…
maturing of the adrenal glands
adjustment of a schema by adding information similar to what…
accommodation
adjustment of a schema by changing a scheme to accommodate ne…
adolescence
period of development that begins at puberty and ends at earl…
33 terms
Chapter 9 intelligence psychology
Intelligence
Factor theory
Primary mental abilities
Multiple intelligence theory
The capacity to learn from experience, solve problems, and ad…
Found by Spearman... General intelligence (g factor) and particu…
Found by Thurstone... 7/8 separate factors that make up intellig…
Gardner's theory... Believed that each is in different parts of…
Intelligence
The capacity to learn from experience, solve problems, and ad…
Factor theory
Found by Spearman... General intelligence (g factor) and particu…
Chapter 9 Developmental Psychology
Cross-Sectional Study
Longitudinal Study
Prenatal Development
Embryo
Study people of different ages at the same time... Advantages: i…
Study same group of people over time... Advantages: detailed inf…
period of time from conception to birth
2 weeks to 3 months after conception
Cross-Sectional Study
Study people of different ages at the same time... Advantages: i…
Longitudinal Study
Study same group of people over time... Advantages: detailed inf…
29 terms
Understanding Psychology Chapter 9 Terms
classical conditioning
neutral stimulus
unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
unconditioned response (UCR)
a learning procedure in which associations are made between a…
a stimulus that does not initially elicit a response
an event that elicits a certain predictable response without…
an organism's automatic (or natural) reaction to a stimulus
classical conditioning
a learning procedure in which associations are made between a…
neutral stimulus
a stimulus that does not initially elicit a response
31 terms
Psychology - Chapter 9 Learning
classical conditioning
neutral stimulus
unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
unconditioned response (UCR)
a learning procedure in which associations are made between a…
a stimulus that does not initially elicit a response
an event that elicits a certain predictable response without…
an organism's automatic (or natural) reaction to a stimulus
classical conditioning
a learning procedure in which associations are made between a…
neutral stimulus
a stimulus that does not initially elicit a response
Psychology and You: Chapter 9
intelligence
Stanford-Binet Intelligence scale
mental age
intelligence quotient (IQ)
the ability to understand and adapt to the environment by usi…
intelligence test developed by Alfred Binet and later refined…
the level of intellectual functioning in years, which is comp…
a measure of intelligence originally obtained by comparing me…
intelligence
the ability to understand and adapt to the environment by usi…
Stanford-Binet Intelligence scale
intelligence test developed by Alfred Binet and later refined…
36 terms
Psychology Chapter 9 (vocabs)
Human language
Syntax
Grammar
Protolanguage
a communication system specific to Homo sapiens; it is open a…
the rules for arranging words and symbols to form sentences o…
the entire set of rules for combining symbols and sounds to s…
very rudimentary language used by earlier species of Homo; al…
Human language
a communication system specific to Homo sapiens; it is open a…
Syntax
the rules for arranging words and symbols to form sentences o…
43 terms
Psychology Chapter 9
cognition
concept
prototype
problem solving
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
A mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
_____________ strategies include... 1. trial and error... 2. algori…
cognition
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
Psychology Chapter 9
Psychological test
Intelligence tests
Aptitude tests
Achievement tests
a standardized measure of sample of a person's behaviour
measure general mental ability
assess specific types of mental abilities
gauge a person's mastery and knowledge of various subjects (s…
Psychological test
a standardized measure of sample of a person's behaviour
Intelligence tests
measure general mental ability
56 terms
Psychology Chapter 9: Consciousness
Origins of Hypnosis
Mesmer
Hypnosis is Developed
Essence of Hypnosis
Mesmer used an unorthodox method of treatment to correct what…
came up with the idea that he could alter the flow of fluids…
Patients were lead to believe they were going to feel better…
heightened suggestibility; when there's a lot of social press…
Origins of Hypnosis
Mesmer used an unorthodox method of treatment to correct what…
Mesmer
came up with the idea that he could alter the flow of fluids…
38 terms
Chapter 9: Memory (Psychology)
Memory... REMEMBER
Flashbulb Memory... VIVID
Encoding... COMPUTER
Storage... TREASURE BOX
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event…
the processing of information into the memory system-for exam…
The retention of encoded information over time.... ex. 10 years…
Memory... REMEMBER
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
Flashbulb Memory... VIVID
a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event…
AP Psychology Chapter 9
Accommodation
Adolescence
Aggression
AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndr…
process by which we modify ur schemas to fit new information
transition from childhood to adulthood
any behavior that is intended to hurt someone, either physica…
a disorder in which the immune system is gradually weakened a…
Accommodation
process by which we modify ur schemas to fit new information
Adolescence
transition from childhood to adulthood
49 terms
Psychology Chapter 9 Memory
Memory
Sensory Memory
George Sperling
iconic memory
Any indication that learning has persisted over time
A split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information,…
Experimented with sensory memory, flashed images to participa…
A split-second perfect photograph of a scene, lasts a few ten…
Memory
Any indication that learning has persisted over time
Sensory Memory
A split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information,…
Chapter 9 psychology
Intelligence
Mental age
Intelligence quotient
Verbal scale
The ability to understand and adapt to the environment by usi…
The level of intellectual functioning in years, which is comp…
A measure of intelligence originally obtained by comparing me…
IQ test items that rely heavily on word comprehension and usa…
Intelligence
The ability to understand and adapt to the environment by usi…
Mental age
The level of intellectual functioning in years, which is comp…
Understanding Psychology Chapter 9
classical conditioning
neutral stimulus
unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
unconditioned response (UCR)
a learning procedure in which associations are made between a…
a stimulus that does not initially elicit a response
an event that elicits a certain predictable response without…
an organism's automatic (or natural) reaction to a stimulus
classical conditioning
a learning procedure in which associations are made between a…
neutral stimulus
a stimulus that does not initially elicit a response
77 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Developmental Psychology
Nature-Nurture
Interaction
Identical Twins
A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
The longstanding controversy over the relative contributions…
A relationship in which the effect of one factor (such as bio…
Twins who develop from a single fertilized egg that splits in…
Developmental Psychology
A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Nature-Nurture
The longstanding controversy over the relative contributions…
54 terms
Psychology: Chapter 9
Thinking
Reaction time
Expectancy
Stimulus response compatibility
The cerebral management of info received from our senses and…
The elapsed time between the presentation of a stimulus and t…
Able to process the info more rapidly. Decrease in reaction t…
If high, we react in an appropriate manner during times of st…
Thinking
The cerebral management of info received from our senses and…
Reaction time
The elapsed time between the presentation of a stimulus and t…
General Psychology 210 - Chapter 9
Intrinsic Motivation
Extrinsic Motivation
Motivation
need for achievement (n Ach)
Internally motivated, for it's own sake
Motivated by external reward - monetary or other - ex: good g…
Process of initiating, directing, and maintaining physical an…
Measurement of someones desire to attain a difficult goal
Intrinsic Motivation
Internally motivated, for it's own sake
Extrinsic Motivation
Motivated by external reward - monetary or other - ex: good g…
71 terms
Psychology Chapter 9 Terms
Motivation
extrinsic motivation
intrinsic motivation
drive-reduction theory
the process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
motivation in which a person performs an action because it le…
motivation in which a person performs an action because the a…
behavior arises from physiological needs that cause internal…
Motivation
the process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
extrinsic motivation
motivation in which a person performs an action because it le…
56 terms
psychology- chapter 9
theory
personality
pyschoanalytic approach
life instincts (eros)
organized collection of testable ideas to explain a particula…
(abc )affects, behaviors, and cognitions that characterize a…
freud believed that drives could explain human behavior... -you'…
impulses for survival, motivate sex, hunger, and thirst
theory
organized collection of testable ideas to explain a particula…
personality
(abc )affects, behaviors, and cognitions that characterize a…
60 terms
Chapter 9: Social Psychology
Social psychology
social influence
Types of Social Influence
Conformity
the scientific study of how we influence one another's behavi…
when people do things they don't really want to, or persuaded…
Conform, Comply, Obey
tendency to change your behavior, belief, or both as a result…
Social psychology
the scientific study of how we influence one another's behavi…
social influence
when people do things they don't really want to, or persuaded…
Psychology Chapter 9
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
66 terms
Peter Gray Psychology Chapter 9
memory
retroactive interference
proactive interference
modal model of the mind
-the change within an individual, brought on by learning, tha…
some new info blocks recall of old info
old info blocks new
-standard... -general framework for thinking and talking about t…
memory
-the change within an individual, brought on by learning, tha…
retroactive interference
some new info blocks recall of old info
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