Study sets matching "psych chapter 9"

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Psychology Chapter 9
basal metabolic rate
homeostasis
drive-reduction theory
incentive
the body's resting rate of energy output.
a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused state (…
a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates…
basal metabolic rate
the body's resting rate of energy output.
homeostasis
a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
97 terms
psychology chapter 9
Phillip Zimbardo
personallity
individual differences
Barnum effect
describes a complex set of unique psychological quantities th…
a stable system of tendencies to act, think, and feel a parti…
no one is a personality theory: the theories are tools for un…
refers to the personality theories that are so grateful that…
Phillip Zimbardo
describes a complex set of unique psychological quantities th…
personallity
a stable system of tendencies to act, think, and feel a parti…
62 terms
Psychology: Chapter 9 Vocab Terms
Mental representations
Language
Displacement
Surface structure
Cognitive representations of the world, including images, ide…
A system of symbols and rules for combining them that can pro…
The capacity of language to represent objects and conditions…
A linguistic term for the words and organization of a spoken…
Mental representations
Cognitive representations of the world, including images, ide…
Language
A system of symbols and rules for combining them that can pro…
Psychology chapter 9
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
Cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
psychology chapter 9
Cognition (Thinking)
Concept
Prototype
Algorithm
The mental activities associated with thinking., knowing, rem…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
Mentally matching items that incorporates similar features (G…
A step-by-step procedure that guarentees a solution. (Math eq…
Cognition (Thinking)
The mental activities associated with thinking., knowing, rem…
Concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
Psychology Chapter 9
Motivation
3 factors of Goal Directed Behavior
M1... Humanistic
M2... Instinct
factors within and outside an organism that cause it to behav…
Activation, Persistence, Intensity
Psych and cognitive factors are motivated-even to realize pot…
Belive motives are innate. Darwin, 1858
Motivation
factors within and outside an organism that cause it to behav…
3 factors of Goal Directed Behavior
Activation, Persistence, Intensity
Psychology Chapter 9
Concepts
Basic Concepts
Prototype
Proposition
A mental category that groups objects, relations activities,…
Concepts that have a moderate number of instances and that ar…
An especially representative example of a concept
A unit of meaning that is made up of concepts and expresses a…
Concepts
A mental category that groups objects, relations activities,…
Basic Concepts
Concepts that have a moderate number of instances and that ar…
17 terms
Chapter 9 Discovering Psychology
memory
Information Processing
Encoding
Storage
The ability to retain knowlege
A continuum including attention, sensation, learning, memory,…
The transformation of information from one form to another
The retention of information
memory
The ability to retain knowlege
Information Processing
A continuum including attention, sensation, learning, memory,…
18 terms
Psychology- chapter 9
Intelligence
Stanford-Binet intelligence scale
Mental age
Intelligence quotient (IQ)
The ability to understand and adapt to the environment by usi…
Intelligence test developed by Alfred Binet and later refined…
The level of intellectual functioning in years, which is comp…
A measure of intelligence originally obtained by comparing me…
Intelligence
The ability to understand and adapt to the environment by usi…
Stanford-Binet intelligence scale
Intelligence test developed by Alfred Binet and later refined…
Psychology Chapter 9
Motivation
Extrinsic Motivation
Intrinsic Motivation
Instincts
process by which activities are started, directed, and contin…
a person performs an action because it leads to an outcome th…
the type of motivation in which a person performs an action b…
biologically determined and innate patterns of behavior
Motivation
process by which activities are started, directed, and contin…
Extrinsic Motivation
a person performs an action because it leads to an outcome th…
38 terms
Psychology-chapter 9 terms
Concept
Basic concepts
Prototype
Proposition
A mental category that groups objects, relations, activities,…
Concepts that have a moderate number of instances and that ar…
An especially representative example of a concept
A unir of meaninh that is made up of concepts and expresses a…
Concept
A mental category that groups objects, relations, activities,…
Basic concepts
Concepts that have a moderate number of instances and that ar…
19 terms
Psychology Chapter 9
Drive-Reduction Theory
Drive
Homeostasis
Arousal
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused state (…
psychological state that directs the organism to meet the need
a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state
When one is physically energized, or tense.
Drive-Reduction Theory
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused state (…
Drive
psychological state that directs the organism to meet the need
psychology chapter 9
grammer
phonology
syntax
semantic
the rules of language that enable the communicator to combine…
the rules for combining sounds to make words
the rules for combining words to make sentences
the rules used to communicate meaning
grammer
the rules of language that enable the communicator to combine…
phonology
the rules for combining sounds to make words
Psychology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
cognition all the mental activities... associated with thinking,…
a mental grouping of similar... objects, events, ideas, or people.
a mental image or best example... of a category. Matching new it…
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
cognition all the mental activities... associated with thinking,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar... objects, events, ideas, or people.
23 terms
Psychology Chapter 9
Development
Nature
Nurture
Resilience
refers to the pattern of continuity and change in human capab…
refers to a persons's biological inheritance, especially his…
refers to the individual's environmental and social experiences
Refers to a persons ability to recover from or adapt to diffi…
Development
refers to the pattern of continuity and change in human capab…
Nature
refers to a persons's biological inheritance, especially his…
56 terms
Psychology Chapter 9
developmental psychology
zygote
embryo
fetus
the psychological specialty that studies how organisms change…
a fertilized egg
In humans, the name for the developing organism during the fi…
In humans, the term for the developing organism between the e…
developmental psychology
the psychological specialty that studies how organisms change…
zygote
a fertilized egg
Psychology Chapter 9
Primary Drive
Social Motive
Intrinsic Motivation
Extrinsic Motivation
physiological and unlearned
learned through experience and interaction with others
inherent in the activity itself
external reward
Primary Drive
physiological and unlearned
Social Motive
learned through experience and interaction with others
20 terms
Psychology Chapter 9
Between-Subject Design
Block Randomizatin
Control Condition
Control Group
a design in which different subjects take part in each condit…
a process of randomization that first creates treatment block…
a condition in which subjects receive a zero value of the ind…
subjects in the control condition
Between-Subject Design
a design in which different subjects take part in each condit…
Block Randomizatin
a process of randomization that first creates treatment block…
42 terms
Psychology chapter 9
Memory
Encoding
Semantic coding
Acoustic encoding
System that encodes, stores, and retrieves info
Modification of information to fit preferred format for the m…
Words
Sounds
Memory
System that encodes, stores, and retrieves info
Encoding
Modification of information to fit preferred format for the m…
17 terms
Social Psychology 2e Chapter 9
Groupthink
Intimacy group
Kohler effect
Loose association
A decision-making process... that occurs when a desire for harmo…
A group made up of... relatives or friends, that is, people who…
The tendency for individuals... who are less capable than their…
A group made up of... individuals who are connected by common... at…
Groupthink
A decision-making process... that occurs when a desire for harmo…
Intimacy group
A group made up of... relatives or friends, that is, people who…
30 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 9
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
Understanding Psychology Chapter 9
Who discovered the principle of classi…
Ivan Pavlov used the term "uncondition…
The dog in Pavlov's experiments starte…
In classical conditioning, generalizat…
Ivan Pavlov
stimuli and the automatic, involuntary responses they caused
a conditioned response
responding similarly to a range of similar stimuli
Who discovered the principle of classi…
Ivan Pavlov
Ivan Pavlov used the term "uncondition…
stimuli and the automatic, involuntary responses they caused
49 terms
Psychology 1001 Chapter 9
Genotype
Phenotype
Prenatal Development
Germinal Period
the specific genetic information a person inherits
the physical and behavioral traits an individual actually exh…
Germinal, Embryonic, and Fetal Periods
first two weeks post conception; zygote make journey from fal…
Genotype
the specific genetic information a person inherits
Phenotype
the physical and behavioral traits an individual actually exh…
Psychology chapter 9
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Algorithm
The mental activites associated with thinking, knowing, remeb…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
A mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
Cognition
The mental activites associated with thinking, knowing, remeb…
Concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
31 terms
Understanding Psychology Chapter 9, Learning
classical conditioning
neutral stimulus
unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
unconditioned response (UCR)
a learning procedure in which associations are made between a…
a stimulus that does not initially elicit a response
an event that elicits a certain predictable response without…
an organism's automatic (or natural) reaction to a stimulus
classical conditioning
a learning procedure in which associations are made between a…
neutral stimulus
a stimulus that does not initially elicit a response
212 terms
Psychology 1305 Chapter 9-12
Chapter 9
cognition
concepts
prototype
9
involves the mental activities associated with thinking, know…
help to simplify thinking through mental grouping of similar…
a mental image or example of a category
Chapter 9
9
cognition
involves the mental activities associated with thinking, know…
53 terms
Psychology: Chapter 9 Terms
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
psychology chapter 9: memory
memory
encoding
flashbulb memory
storage
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
the processing of information into the memory system
a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event
the retention of encoded information over time
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system
18 terms
Chapter 9 Psychology 1
Intelligence
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
Mental age
Intelligence quotient (IQ)
The ability to understand and adapt to the environment by usi…
Intelligence test developed by Alfred Binet and later refined…
The level of intellectual functioning in years, which is comp…
A measure of intelligence originally obtained by comparing me…
Intelligence
The ability to understand and adapt to the environment by usi…
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
Intelligence test developed by Alfred Binet and later refined…
Psychology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Cross sectional method
Longitudinal method
Cognition
Babinski reflex
A study that compares people of different ages against each o…
Studying the same people over a long period of time
All mental activities including thinking, knowing, rememberin…
If you stroke a baby's foot it flares its toes
Cross sectional method
A study that compares people of different ages against each o…
Longitudinal method
Studying the same people over a long period of time
Chapter 9 psychology
observational learning
discrimination
increases
behavioral contract
The type of modeling that occurs when a person watches someon…
A child is saying "Daddy" only to his father is an example of…
A partial schedule of reinforcement ____ the likelihood that…
After a behavioral problem is identified, a ____ is set up to…
observational learning
The type of modeling that occurs when a person watches someon…
discrimination
A child is saying "Daddy" only to his father is an example of…
Psychology Chapter 9 Memory
Memory
Sensory Memory
George Sperling
iconic memory
Any indication that learning has persisted over time
A split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information,…
Experimented with sensory memory, flashed images to participa…
A split-second perfect photograph of a scene, lasts a few ten…
Memory
Any indication that learning has persisted over time
Sensory Memory
A split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information,…
43 terms
psychology chapter 9
motive/motivation
instinct
drive-reduction theory
primary drive
specific need, desire, or want that energizes goal directed b…
inborn, inflexible, goal directed behavior that is characteri…
motivated behavior is aimed at reducing a state of bodily ten…
physiologically based unlearned motive
motive/motivation
specific need, desire, or want that energizes goal directed b…
instinct
inborn, inflexible, goal directed behavior that is characteri…
15 terms
History of Psychology: Chapter 9
field theory
force field analysis
Gestalt laws
Gestalt therapy
The acting and thinking individual is a part of a dynamic fie…
A method introduced by Kurt Lewin to look at the factors or f…
Several general principles of Gestalt theory, referring to pe…
A therapeutic method, the initial assumptions of which were b…
field theory
The acting and thinking individual is a part of a dynamic fie…
force field analysis
A method introduced by Kurt Lewin to look at the factors or f…
20 terms
psychology chapter 9
Intelligence
g factor
Charles Spearman
to many clusters that can be analyzed
Capacity to understand the world, think rationally, & use res…
thought to underlie performance in every aspect of intelligence
he proposed the idea of general intelligence (g)
factor analysis, spearman proposed that g intelligence is lin…
Intelligence
Capacity to understand the world, think rationally, & use res…
g factor
thought to underlie performance in every aspect of intelligence
Chapter 9 Developmental Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Nature-Nurture Controversy
Continuity-Discontinuity Controversy
Stability-Change Controversy
The study of how people change from birth until death physica…
Nature is a pre-wired influence through genetic inheritance a…
Developmental phenomenon assessing if development is a gradua…
Whether or not if personality traits are present during infan…
Developmental Psychology
The study of how people change from birth until death physica…
Nature-Nurture Controversy
Nature is a pre-wired influence through genetic inheritance a…
51 terms
Psychology Chapter 9
Learning
Classical comditioning
Neutral
Unconditioned
Relatively permanent change in behavioral tendency resulting…
Learning procedure in which associations are made between a n…
Stimulus that doesn't initially cause any part of uncondition…
Stimulus that causes a certain predictable response without t…
Learning
Relatively permanent change in behavioral tendency resulting…
Classical comditioning
Learning procedure in which associations are made between a n…
Developmental Psychology (Chapter 9)
Preoperational Intelligence
Symbolic Representations
Centration
Conservation Tasks
(2-6) imagination; self-centered, magical thinking, not yet a…
understand that one subject can represent another
tendency to focus on one element and exclude all others (test…
designed to look at child's representation of object when som…
Preoperational Intelligence
(2-6) imagination; self-centered, magical thinking, not yet a…
Symbolic Representations
understand that one subject can represent another
26 terms
Psychology Chapter 9
Intelligence
Alfred Binet
Direction
Adaptability
The ability to understand and adapt to the environment by usi…
Psychologist who developed the first workable intelligence te…
The ability to set up a goal and work toward it.
Mean that when faced with a problem, the person can make adju…
Intelligence
The ability to understand and adapt to the environment by usi…
Alfred Binet
Psychologist who developed the first workable intelligence te…
66 terms
Psychology Chapter 9
motivation
extrinsic motivation
intrinsic motivation
instincts
the process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
type of motivation in which a person performs an action becau…
type of motivation in which a person performs an action becau…
the biologically determined and innate patterns of behavior t…
motivation
the process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
extrinsic motivation
type of motivation in which a person performs an action becau…
42 terms
Psychology Chapter 9 : Child Development
Developmental Psychology
Nature - Nurture Debate
continuity model
discontinuity model
A branch of psychology that studies physical,cognative, and s…
The debate in psychology over the relative influences of gene…
the model proposing that development involves quantitative ch…
model proposing that development progresses in discrete stage…
Developmental Psychology
A branch of psychology that studies physical,cognative, and s…
Nature - Nurture Debate
The debate in psychology over the relative influences of gene…
Invitation to Psychology Chapter 9 Learning
Behaviorism
conditioning
unconditioned response
unconditioned stimulus
the school of psychology that accounts for behavior in terms…
a kind of learning which involves associations between enviro…
the response that is automatically produced
event or thing that elicits a response automatically or refle…
Behaviorism
the school of psychology that accounts for behavior in terms…
conditioning
a kind of learning which involves associations between enviro…
40 terms
Psychology chapter 9
Language
Grammar
Phonological rules
Phoneme
A system for communicating with others using signals that are…
A set of rules that specify how the units of language can be…
a set of rules that indicate how phonemes can be combined to…
the smallest unit of sound that is recognizable as speech rat…
Language
A system for communicating with others using signals that are…
Grammar
A set of rules that specify how the units of language can be…
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Classical conditioning
Neutral stimulus
Unconditioned stimulus
Unconditioned response
Learning procedure in which associations are made between a n…
A stimulus that does not initially elicit any part of the unc…
An event that elicits a certain predictable response typicall…
An organism's automatic (or natural) reaction to a stimulus
Classical conditioning
Learning procedure in which associations are made between a n…
Neutral stimulus
A stimulus that does not initially elicit any part of the unc…
Psychology- Okami Chapter 9
Thought
Mental image
Concept
Prototype
The active property of mentally manipulating info and apply i…
A type of thought composed of representations in picture form.
A mental category in which people, places, things, etc. can b…
An example of a concept or category that is typical of the co…
Thought
The active property of mentally manipulating info and apply i…
Mental image
A type of thought composed of representations in picture form.
15 terms
Psychology Chapter 9
achievement
intelligence
mental age
intelligence quotient
knowledge and skills gained from experience and education
the capacity to learn from experience, solve problems, and ad…
the level of intellectual functioning, which is compared to c…
the ratio of mental age to chronological age multiplied by 10…
achievement
knowledge and skills gained from experience and education
intelligence
the capacity to learn from experience, solve problems, and ad…
8 terms
Psychology chapter 9
Motivation
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
Self-transcendence
Self actualization
A need or desire that energizes behavior and directed towards…
The pyramid depicting that our basic needs must be satisfied…
Spirituality
The most highly evolved version of yourself
Motivation
A need or desire that energizes behavior and directed towards…
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
The pyramid depicting that our basic needs must be satisfied…
psychology chapter 9
Intelligence
g factor
s factor
Raymond Cattell
is a combination of general abilities and practiced skill. Le…
Measured by Charles Spearman general abilities or intelligence.
specific abilities.
Split the g factor into 2 components: Fluid intelligence and…
Intelligence
is a combination of general abilities and practiced skill. Le…
g factor
Measured by Charles Spearman general abilities or intelligence.
39 terms
General Psychology Chapter 9
Developmental psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
Study of how people change over lifespan.
Single cell formed at conception from union of egg and sperm.
Unborn offspring in the process of development.
Unborn human baby more than 8 weeks after conception.
Developmental psychology
Study of how people change over lifespan.
Zygote
Single cell formed at conception from union of egg and sperm.
Psychology Chapter 9
Acheivement tests
Aptitude tests
Construct validity
Convergent thinking
Tests that gauge a persons mastery and knowledge of vsrious s…
Psychological tests used to assess talent for specific types…
The extent to where there is evidence that a test measures a…
Narrowing down a list of alternatives to converge on a single…
Acheivement tests
Tests that gauge a persons mastery and knowledge of vsrious s…
Aptitude tests
Psychological tests used to assess talent for specific types…
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