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Study sets matching "psych cognition 1"

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Study sets matching "psych cognition 1"

33 terms
Cognitive Psychology 1 ~ Attention
Attention
Selective Attention
Divided Attention
Dichotic Listening Task
The ability to focus on specific stimuli or locations in our…
~Ability to focus on one message and ignore all others... ~ We d…
paying attention to more than one thing at a time
Colin Cherry (1953)... Present message A in left ear and B in ri…
Attention
The ability to focus on specific stimuli or locations in our…
Selective Attention
~Ability to focus on one message and ignore all others... ~ We d…
41 terms
Cognitive Psychology Ch.1
cognitive psychology
cognitive science
mental representation
stages of processing
study of human mental processes and their role in thinking, f…
study of the relationships among and integration of cognitive…
an observable internal code for information
the steps required to form, modify, and use mental representa…
cognitive psychology
study of human mental processes and their role in thinking, f…
cognitive science
study of the relationships among and integration of cognitive…
36 terms
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 1
Cognition
Cognitive Psychology
Cognition
Donders (1868)
__________ involves perception, paying attention, remembering…
The branch of psychology concerned w/ the scientific study of…
________ refers to the mental processes , such as perception,…
_________ was interested in measuring how long it takes a per…
Cognition
__________ involves perception, paying attention, remembering…
Cognitive Psychology
The branch of psychology concerned w/ the scientific study of…
37 terms
Cognitive Ch1 Cognitive Psychology
accuracy
attention
behaviorism
channel capacity
correct recall, summary, performance, etc
poorly understood mental process that is only partially under…
the scientific study of observable behavior (Watson)
(similar to bandwidth - limited potential) limit to the numbe…
accuracy
correct recall, summary, performance, etc
attention
poorly understood mental process that is only partially under…
87 terms
Cognitive Psychology Test #1
Cognition
How is Cognitive Psychology different…
Coined the term "Cognitive Psychology"
Cognitive Psychology
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
• It accepts the use of the scientific method, and generally…
Ulric Neisser
Branch of psychology concerned with how people... acquire, store…
Cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
How is Cognitive Psychology different…
• It accepts the use of the scientific method, and generally…
Cognitive Psychology (Chapter 1)
Behaviorist
B.F. Skinner
Noam Chomsky
Behaviorists & Cognitive Psych
one who adheres to the perspective in psychology that focuses…
Behaviorist. that proposed that language learning occurs thro…
Cognitive Psychologist. pointed out that children produce lan…
Cognitive psychologists examine the behaviors resulting from…
Behaviorist
one who adheres to the perspective in psychology that focuses…
B.F. Skinner
Behaviorist. that proposed that language learning occurs thro…
34 terms
Cognition Psychology - Chapter 1
In the Beginning
Mental Chronometry
Reaction Time Experiment
Sequences of Reaction Time Task
In the 1800's, it was generally believed that it was not poss…
Donders (1868)... How long does it take a person to make a decis…
Simple RT: Push a button after a light appears... Choice RT: Pus…
Stimulus > Mental Response > Behavioural Response... (light) >…
In the Beginning
In the 1800's, it was generally believed that it was not poss…
Mental Chronometry
Donders (1868)... How long does it take a person to make a decis…
91 terms
Cognitive Psychology Quiz 1
Cognition
Cognitive Psychology Is...
Von Helmoltz's unconscious inferences
Weber's Law of differential threshold
-Co + GNOSIS (Latin for TO + KNOW) ... - The act or process of k…
The study of mental processes by which humans learn about and…
an involuntary, pre-rational and reflex-like mechanism which…
Looking at how people perceive optical illusions
Cognition
-Co + GNOSIS (Latin for TO + KNOW) ... - The act or process of k…
Cognitive Psychology Is...
The study of mental processes by which humans learn about and…
24 terms
Cognition Psychology: Chapter 1
abstract construct
associationism
behaviorism
classical conditioning
a theoretical set of processes and representations that you t…
the belief that knowledge begins with sensory information and…
an approach to psychology that claims that the appropriate su…
a training procedure that produces a conditioned reflex
abstract construct
a theoretical set of processes and representations that you t…
associationism
the belief that knowledge begins with sensory information and…
18 terms
Cognitive Psychology Exam 1
Gestalt Psychology
Tachistoscopic Protocol
Word Superiority Effect
Recognition Threshold
Where one's perception goes beyond the information given. The…
Reaction time studies. The showing of an object for a control…
Words that are viewed frequently are easier to perceive, as a…
The briefest exposure to a stimulus that still allows accurat…
Gestalt Psychology
Where one's perception goes beyond the information given. The…
Tachistoscopic Protocol
Reaction time studies. The showing of an object for a control…
23 terms
Cognitive Psychology 1.2
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the result and faculty that takes in , processes and stores i…
information being processed by the brain and put into memory
the memories in the brain ready for access
process of recovering information from the storage
memory
the result and faculty that takes in , processes and stores i…
encoding
information being processed by the brain and put into memory
241 terms
Exam 1 - Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Psychology
Limited Processing
Cognitive Psychology
Cognition
Branch of psychology that identifies our mental processes and…
A good example of our ___________ is seen in driving (talking…
Scientific study of cognition
Those processes by which the sensory input is transformed, re…
Cognitive Psychology
Branch of psychology that identifies our mental processes and…
Limited Processing
A good example of our ___________ is seen in driving (talking…
18 terms
Chapter 1: Cognitive Psychology
artificial intelligence
bottom-up processing
cognitive neuroscience
cognitive psychology
The study of how to produce computer programs that can perfor…
The flow of information from the sensory store toward LTM
The study of the relation between cognitive processes and bra…
The study of the mental operations that support people's acqu…
artificial intelligence
The study of how to produce computer programs that can perfor…
bottom-up processing
The flow of information from the sensory store toward LTM
93 terms
Cognitive Psychology Exam #1
Things your brain does at once
2 definitions of the mind
Reaction Time
Simple Reaction Time
Perceives, pays attention, remembers, distinguishes items in…
1. The mind creates and controls mental functions such as per…
how long it takes to respond to a presentation of a stimulus
In an experiment, the scientist asked his participants to pre…
Things your brain does at once
Perceives, pays attention, remembers, distinguishes items in…
2 definitions of the mind
1. The mind creates and controls mental functions such as per…
148 terms
Cognitive Psychology Unit 1
metacognition
cognition
cognitive psychology
Cognitive approach
thinking about your thought processes
mental activity; describes the acquisition, storage, transfor…
the study of how people perceive, learn, remember and think a…
theoretical orientation that emphasizes people's mental proce…
metacognition
thinking about your thought processes
cognition
mental activity; describes the acquisition, storage, transfor…
20 terms
Cognitive Psychology Quiz #1
Analytic Introspection
Behaviorism
Classical Conditioning
Cognition
A procedure used by early psychologists in which trained part…
The approach to psychology founded by John B Watson that stat…
Coined by Pavlov. It is a learning process in which an innate…
How you think about reality according to your perception.
Analytic Introspection
A procedure used by early psychologists in which trained part…
Behaviorism
The approach to psychology founded by John B Watson that stat…
87 terms
UNIT 1 PSYCHOLOGY: COGNITION
Language
Phonemes
Morphemes
Grammar
How we combine spoken, written words as we think and communic…
smallest distinctive sound unit... ex. ah ba
smallest unit that carries meaning
a system of rules that allows us to understand one another
Language
How we combine spoken, written words as we think and communic…
Phonemes
smallest distinctive sound unit... ex. ah ba
125 terms
Cognitive Psychology Exam 1
Artistotle
Empiricism
Wilhelm Wundt
Introspection
Basic principles of memory, Empiricism, Tabula Rasa (blank Sl…
Observation as a basis for science.
Established cognitive psychology as its own science. Consider…
Self-observation as basis for experiments. "Look inside yours…
Artistotle
Basic principles of memory, Empiricism, Tabula Rasa (blank Sl…
Empiricism
Observation as a basis for science.
56 terms
Cognitive psychology exam 1
Pattern recognition
Memory in which patterns exist
Template
Sensory store
Stage of perception during which stimuli ate identified
Long term memory
An unanalyzed pattern matched against alternative patterns
Memory that maintains unanalyzed sensory information for a fr…
Pattern recognition
Stage of perception during which stimuli ate identified
Memory in which patterns exist
Long term memory
94 terms
Cognitive Psychology Exam 1
Donders
Wundt
Structuralism Approach
Analytic Introspection
studied time course of cognitive processes and of decision ma…
established first psychology lab, studied basic perceptions i…
experience is determined by combining elements of experiences…
subjects describe their experiences (perceptions, thoughts) t…
Donders
studied time course of cognitive processes and of decision ma…
Wundt
established first psychology lab, studied basic perceptions i…
48 terms
Chapter 1: Cognitive Psychology
artificial intelligence
association
attention
behaviorism
A branch of computer science concerned with creating computer…
A connection or link between two units or elements.
Cognitive resources, mental effort, or concentration devoted…
A school of psychology that seeks to define psychological res…
artificial intelligence
A branch of computer science concerned with creating computer…
association
A connection or link between two units or elements.
31 terms
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 1
Cognition
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Approach
Aristotle
Mental activity; acquisition, storage, transformation, & use…
1) Synonym for cognition... 2) Theoretical approach to psychology.
Emphasizes people's thought processes and their knowledge.
*Emphasized the importance of EMPIRICAL evidence.... *"First" co…
Cognition
Mental activity; acquisition, storage, transformation, & use…
Cognitive Psychology
1) Synonym for cognition... 2) Theoretical approach to psychology.
31 terms
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 1
Analytic introspection
Behavioral approach to the study of th…
Behaviorism
Choice reaction time
A procedure used by early psychologists in which trained part…
When the mind is studied by measuring a person's behavior and…
The approach to psychology, founded by John B. Watson, which…
Reacting to one of two or more stimuli. For example, in Donde…
Analytic introspection
A procedure used by early psychologists in which trained part…
Behavioral approach to the study of th…
When the mind is studied by measuring a person's behavior and…
178 terms
Cognitive Psychology Exam 1
-Wilhelm Wundt (REMEMBER 1879)
REMEMBER 1956
Aristotle (384-322 BC)
Structuralism - Edward Titchener (1867…
-First laboratory at University of Leipzig in 1879 KNOW 1879…
Arguably the beginning of cognitive psychology
-"the originator of psychology" ... -Philosopher (Why are things…
-Focused on the "structure of the mind/consciousness" ... -Brou…
-Wilhelm Wundt (REMEMBER 1879)
-First laboratory at University of Leipzig in 1879 KNOW 1879…
REMEMBER 1956
Arguably the beginning of cognitive psychology
68 terms
Cognitive Psychology ch 1
cognitive psychology
what about the mind is cognitive psych…
what processes does the mind control
when was the term "cognitive psycholog…
branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of t…
both what the mind does and how it achieves what it does
perception, attention, memory, emotions, language, deciding,…
1967
cognitive psychology
branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of t…
what about the mind is cognitive psych…
both what the mind does and how it achieves what it does
79 terms
UTD - Cognitive Psychology - (1) Introduction to Cognitive Psychology
Ben
Cognitive Psychology
Behavior, Mind, Brain, Neurons, Bioche…
Behavior
The Plaza station experiment was performed by?
Define: The study of the mind focusing on mental representati…
In what order do these belong?... Brain, Neurons, Mind, Behavio…
Primary level for observation, response time.
Ben
The Plaza station experiment was performed by?
Cognitive Psychology
Define: The study of the mind focusing on mental representati…
Cognitive Psychology: Chapter 1: Introduction to Cognitive Psychology
Analytic Introspection
Artificial Intelligence
Behaviorism
Choice Reaction Time
A technique in which trained subjects described their experie…
Making a machine behave in ways that would be called intellig…
An approach to psychology where the theoretical goal is the p…
How long it takes to make a choice after the presentation of…
Analytic Introspection
A technique in which trained subjects described their experie…
Artificial Intelligence
Making a machine behave in ways that would be called intellig…
103 terms
cognitive psychology PSYA1
Multi-Store Model
Duration Sensory Memory
Capacity Short Term Memory
Results Peterson and Peterson
1. Sensory Memory... 2. attention (move to STM)... 3. Short Term Me…
2-3 seconds
7 +/- 2
90% recall at 3 seconds... 3% recall at 18 seconds
Multi-Store Model
1. Sensory Memory... 2. attention (move to STM)... 3. Short Term Me…
Duration Sensory Memory
2-3 seconds
95 terms
Cognitive Psychology Test 1
Ulrich Neisser (1968)
R.L. Solso (2001)
Cognitive Psychology
Descartes
Cognitive psychology refers to all PROCESSES by which the sen…
Cognitive Psychology is the SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF THE THINKING…
A mental process or processing component, a component or mech…
-suggested that the nervous system function's from fluid move…
Ulrich Neisser (1968)
Cognitive psychology refers to all PROCESSES by which the sen…
R.L. Solso (2001)
Cognitive Psychology is the SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF THE THINKING…
57 terms
Cognitive Psychology: Chapter 1
Cognitive Psychology
1. The Mind
2. The Mind
Reaction time
The branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study…
The mind creates and controls mental functions such as percep…
The mind is a system that creates representations of the worl…
How long it takes to respond to presentation of a stimulus.
Cognitive Psychology
The branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study…
1. The Mind
The mind creates and controls mental functions such as percep…
82 terms
Cognitive Psychology Part 1
Structuralism
Functionalism
Behaviorism
Which was the dominant approach to exp…
Structure of conscious mind, used introspection (Wundt, Titch…
Emphasis on the functions of consciousess (James)
The scientific study of observable behavior (Watson)
Behaviorism
Structuralism
Structure of conscious mind, used introspection (Wundt, Titch…
Functionalism
Emphasis on the functions of consciousess (James)
12 terms
COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY chapter 1
analytic approach
behaviourism
cognition
cognitive science
...
...
...
...
analytic approach
...
behaviourism
...
64 terms
Cognitive Psychology Unit 1
Cognition
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Approach
Behaviorist Approach
[mental activity] describes the acquisition, storage, transfo…
(1) the variety of mental activities such as perception, memo…
a theoretical orientation that emphasizes people's thought pr…
emphasizes our observable behaviors
Cognition
[mental activity] describes the acquisition, storage, transfo…
Cognitive Psychology
(1) the variety of mental activities such as perception, memo…
14 terms
Cognitive psychology chapter 1
Introspect
Behaviorist
Transcendental method
Working memory
the process through which you "look within," to observe and r…
broad principles concerned with how behaviour changes in resp…
a type of theorizing first proposed by the philosopher Immanu…
the storage system in which information is held while that in…
Introspect
the process through which you "look within," to observe and r…
Behaviorist
broad principles concerned with how behaviour changes in resp…
24 terms
Chp. 1 Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Psychology
Franciscus Donder
Reaction Time
Simple Reaction Time
branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of t…
studied the mind
length of time it takes to respond to a stimulus
press button upon a light showing up
Cognitive Psychology
branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of t…
Franciscus Donder
studied the mind
51 terms
Psychology Unit 1: Cognition
Parallel processing
Atkinson and Shiffrin model
Information-processing model
Working memory
The processing of many aspects of a problem stimulationeously…
1. Fleeting sensory memory... 2. Short term memory... 3. Long term…
1. Encoding... 2. Retrieval ... 3. Retrieval
Your brain processes information, making sense of new input a…
Parallel processing
The processing of many aspects of a problem stimulationeously…
Atkinson and Shiffrin model
1. Fleeting sensory memory... 2. Short term memory... 3. Long term…
16 terms
Ch. 1 Cognitive Psychology
Availability heuristic
Wilhelm Wundt
Introspection
Structuralism
Cognitive shortcut that relies on immediate examples that com…
Favorite research method was introspection
Systematic examination of subjective mental experiences that…
Seeks to understand the structure of the mind & its perceptions
Availability heuristic
Cognitive shortcut that relies on immediate examples that com…
Wilhelm Wundt
Favorite research method was introspection
25 terms
Cognitive Psychology 1
Experimental psychology
Computer modeling
Cognitive neuropsychology
Cognitive neuroscience
The scientific testing of psychological processes in human an…
The simulation of human cognitive processes by computer
The study of the brain activities underlying cognitive proces…
The investigation of human cognition by relating it to brain…
Experimental psychology
The scientific testing of psychological processes in human an…
Computer modeling
The simulation of human cognitive processes by computer
87 terms
Cognitive Psychology Exam 1
Cognitive psychology has its roots in…
William James and functionalism
John B Watson and behaviorism
Tenets of behavioral paradigm
socrates, aristotle, locke, berkley, hume, and kant
psychology based on Darwin's theory of evolution... Concerned wi…
Behaviorism holds that the subject matter of human psychology…
1. Defined psychology as the study of observable behavior... 2.…
Cognitive psychology has its roots in…
socrates, aristotle, locke, berkley, hume, and kant
William James and functionalism
psychology based on Darwin's theory of evolution... Concerned wi…
61 terms
Cognitive Psychology #1
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Internal validity
External validity
Variables you select or manipulate
Variables you measure
Experiment measures what it is supposed to without confounds
Results of study can be extended to general pop.
Independent variable
Variables you select or manipulate
Dependent variable
Variables you measure
20 terms
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 1
Analytic Introspection
Artificial Intelligence
Behaviorism
Choice Reaction Time
A procedure used by early psychologists in which trained part…
The ability of a computer to perform tasks usually associated…
The approach to psychology, founded by John B. Watson, which…
Time to respond to one of two or more stimuli.
Analytic Introspection
A procedure used by early psychologists in which trained part…
Artificial Intelligence
The ability of a computer to perform tasks usually associated…
22 terms
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 1
Wilhelm Wundt
William James
Introspection
Associationisim
INTROSPECTION... 1879 first "psychology lab" - Leipzig... Prolific…
ASSOCIATION... Interested in psychology in the real world... Felt W…
Analysis of one's on self; Wundt mid to late 1800s... cons: basi…
associations are the key to memory; Ebbinghaus- trigram exper…
Wilhelm Wundt
INTROSPECTION... 1879 first "psychology lab" - Leipzig... Prolific…
William James
ASSOCIATION... Interested in psychology in the real world... Felt W…
248 terms
Cognitive Psychology Unit 1
Construct
Psychology's base roots
Cognition
Aristotle
A theoretical entity (memory, perception, language, reasoning…
- Physiology... - Philosophy
The collection of mental processes and activities used in per…
- De Memoria... - Empiricism... - Tabula rosa
Construct
A theoretical entity (memory, perception, language, reasoning…
Psychology's base roots
- Physiology... - Philosophy
20 terms
Cognitive Psychology Ch 1 Introduction to Cognitive Psychology
analytic introspection
artificial intelligence
behaviorism
choice reaction time
a procedure used by early psychologists in which trained part…
the ability of a computer to perform tasks usually associated…
the approach to psychology, founded by John B Watson, which s…
time to respond to one of two or more stimuli. for example, i…
analytic introspection
a procedure used by early psychologists in which trained part…
artificial intelligence
the ability of a computer to perform tasks usually associated…
Cognitive Psychology-Music Cognition
Nature
Nurture
Pythagoras
Music Cognition
Biology, auditory system
Culture, what aspects of music we attend to
Discovered harmonics (math of music)
An interdisciplinary approach to understanding the mental pro…
Nature
Biology, auditory system
Nurture
Culture, what aspects of music we attend to
92 terms
cognitive psychology exam #1
typical RT
Franciscus Donders
mental chronometry
steps in a simple reaction time task
200-300 ms (a little faster if the response is an eye movemen…
simple vs. choice reaction, how much time is required for the…
noematachograph "thought speed recorder" ... (use of response t…
light hits your retina, retinal neurons react, signal is sent…
typical RT
200-300 ms (a little faster if the response is an eye movemen…
Franciscus Donders
simple vs. choice reaction, how much time is required for the…
Cognitive psychology chapter 1
Nature of Cognitive Processes
Interdisciplinary perspective
Psychophysics
Structuralist
Thinking, memory, language, problem solving, preception, imme…
Cognitive psychology arising from philosophy and physiology
(Fechner)... Study of the relationship between the physical pro…
(Wundt, Titchener)... All conscious experiences can be broken d…
Nature of Cognitive Processes
Thinking, memory, language, problem solving, preception, imme…
Interdisciplinary perspective
Cognitive psychology arising from philosophy and physiology
26 terms
Cognitive Psychology (Chapter 1)
cognitive psychology
Metacognition
Mind
Absolute threshold
the branch of psychology that has to do with the scientific s…
the way that we think about the way that we think- people hav…
-involved in memory -problem-solver -used to make decisions o…
the idea is, at what point do you actually begin to experienc…
cognitive psychology
the branch of psychology that has to do with the scientific s…
Metacognition
the way that we think about the way that we think- people hav…
34 terms
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 1
Cognitive Psychology
Empiricism (Aristotle)
Nativism (Descarte/Plato)
Structuralism (Wilhelm Wundt)
the scientific study of mind and mental function
Knowledge comes from EXPERIENCE... -Nurture (nature vs. nurture)…
Cognitive functions are "hard wired"... -Nature (nature vs. nurt…
-Science of mind... -Wanted to find "mental elements... -To underst…
Cognitive Psychology
the scientific study of mind and mental function
Empiricism (Aristotle)
Knowledge comes from EXPERIENCE... -Nurture (nature vs. nurture)…
22 terms
Cognitive Psychology chapter 1
Introspection
Behaviorist Theory
Transcendental Method
Working Memory
The process through which you "look within," to observe and r…
Broad principles concerned with how behavior changes in respo…
A type of theorizing first proposed by the philosopher Immanu…
The storage system in which information is held while that in…
Introspection
The process through which you "look within," to observe and r…
Behaviorist Theory
Broad principles concerned with how behavior changes in respo…
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