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Study sets matching "psych cognition intelligence"

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Study sets matching "psych cognition intelligence"

26 terms
Psychology: Cognition and Intelligence
problem solving
functional fixedness
mental set
insight
refers to active efforts to discover what must be done to ach…
the tendency to perceive an item only in terms of its most co…
exists when people persist in using problem-solving strategie…
occurs when people suddenly discover the correct solution to…
problem solving
refers to active efforts to discover what must be done to ach…
functional fixedness
the tendency to perceive an item only in terms of its most co…
52 terms
Psychology: Intelligence and Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
A mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
41 terms
Psychology - cognition and intelligence
thinking/cognition
concepts
formal concepts
prototype
mental activity that goes on in the brain when a person is pr…
ideas that represent a class or category of objects, events,…
defined by specific rules or features; rigid
concept that closely matches the defining characteristics of…
thinking/cognition
mental activity that goes on in the brain when a person is pr…
concepts
ideas that represent a class or category of objects, events,…
18 terms
Psychology: Cognition/Intelligence
Skinner: Language
Chomsky
Interactionist Theories
Bilingualism (Pros, Cons)
Behaviorist... Children learn language through:... Imitation... Reinf…
Language... Nativist Theory... Children say things such as "goed"…
Language... Social exchanges with adults during critical time p…
Cons: Slower processing speeds... Pros: Better attention
Skinner: Language
Behaviorist... Children learn language through:... Imitation... Reinf…
Chomsky
Language... Nativist Theory... Children say things such as "goed"…
48 terms
AP Psychology - Cognition and Intelligence
prefrontal cortex
mental image
concept
prototype
part of frontal lobe responsible for thinking, planning, and…
picture like representations that stand in for objects or eve…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category
prefrontal cortex
part of frontal lobe responsible for thinking, planning, and…
mental image
picture like representations that stand in for objects or eve…
31 terms
Psychology cognition and intelligence
3 types of problems used to measure pr…
inducing structure
arrangment problems
problems of transformation
1. inducing structure... 2. arrangment... 3. transformation
reltaions among problem. series completions/analogy
arrange parts that satisfies criterion, like string problems…
what things must happen to get to the goal? like water jar pr…
3 types of problems used to measure pr…
1. inducing structure... 2. arrangment... 3. transformation
inducing structure
reltaions among problem. series completions/analogy
59 terms
Psychology: Intelligence and Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
A mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
74 terms
Development, Cognition, and Intelligence (Psychology)
Developmental Psychology
Maturation
Cross-sectional designs
Cohort Effects
The study of the progressive and cumulative changes that occu…
Refers to the genetically directed growth of an organism.
sample on aspect of behavior across people of many different…
the influences on development related to a particular histori…
Developmental Psychology
The study of the progressive and cumulative changes that occu…
Maturation
Refers to the genetically directed growth of an organism.
14 terms
AP Psychology Cognition & Intelligence
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
Levels-of-processing Model
Converting information into a form in which it will be retain…
Maintaining encoded information in memory over time
Recovering information from memory storage
The explanation for the fact that information that is more th…
Encoding
Converting information into a form in which it will be retain…
Storage
Maintaining encoded information in memory over time
27 terms
Psychology Cognition and Intelligence
Cognition
Prototype
Concept
Schema
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
mental image or best example of a category ex. Robin is more…
a mental grouping of similar things, events, and people that…
a concept (categorised information) formed from experiences
Cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Prototype
mental image or best example of a category ex. Robin is more…
52 terms
Psychology: Intelligence and Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
A mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
27 terms
Psychology Cognition, Intelligence, Language
mental categories used to group inform…
allow us to apply knowledge to members…
manipulating information to reach a co…
two type of reasoning
concepts
concept
reasoning
inductive, deductive
mental categories used to group inform…
concepts
allow us to apply knowledge to members…
concept
21 terms
AP Psychology - Cognition and Intelligence
prefrontal cortex
mental image
concept
prototype
part of frontal lobe responsible for thinking, planning, and…
picture like representations that stand in for objects or eve…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category
prefrontal cortex
part of frontal lobe responsible for thinking, planning, and…
mental image
picture like representations that stand in for objects or eve…
34 terms
The World of Psychology Chapter 7 Cognition and Intelligence
Cognition
Imagery
Concept
Prototype
The mental processes involved in acquiring, storing, retrivin…
The representation in the mind of a sensory experience-visual…
A label that represents a class or group of objects, people,…
An example that embodies the most common and typical features…
Cognition
The mental processes involved in acquiring, storing, retrivin…
Imagery
The representation in the mind of a sensory experience-visual…
22 terms
Cognitive Psychology: Intelligence
Intelligence
Learned and Inherited skills
Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale
Wechsler
The ability to understand and adapt to the environment
Intelligence includes
Mental age and chronological age are compared to make up IQ
Developed to distinguish real world intelligence rather than…
Intelligence
The ability to understand and adapt to the environment
Learned and Inherited skills
Intelligence includes
28 terms
Cognitive Psychology: Intelligence and Testing
Intelligence
Factor Analysis
Spearman's General intelligence (g)
Thurstone's primary mental abilities
Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…
Basic Intelligence predicts our abilities in varied academic…
perceptual ability, verbal ability, and numerical ability
Intelligence
Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
Factor Analysis
A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…
18 terms
Cognitive Psychology: Intelligence
Intelligence defined
Intelligence Measurement/Testing
Psychological abilities
Judgmental abilities
a) capacity to learn from experience... b) ability to adapt to s…
1) Psychophysical abilities (sensory acuity)... 2) Judgmental ab…
(sensory acuity)... "those equipped with the best sensory abilit…
(reasoning)... -"the components of intelligence are reasoning, j…
Intelligence defined
a) capacity to learn from experience... b) ability to adapt to s…
Intelligence Measurement/Testing
1) Psychophysical abilities (sensory acuity)... 2) Judgmental ab…
46 terms
Chapter 8 Psychology: Cognition and Intelligence
Behaviorist thories
Nativist theories
Bilingualism
Linguistic relativity
B.F. Skinner argued that children learn language the same way…
Noam Chomsky said children cannot possibly learn every senten…
The acquisition of two languages that use different speech so…
The hypothesis that one's language determines the nature of o…
Behaviorist thories
B.F. Skinner argued that children learn language the same way…
Nativist theories
Noam Chomsky said children cannot possibly learn every senten…
48 terms
Psychology Chapter 8: Cognition and Intelligence
Cognition
Problem Solving
(Problems of) Inducing Structure
(Problems of) Arrangement
the mental processes involved in acquiring knowledge
Active efforts to discover what must be done to achieve a goa…
the person must discover the relations among the parts of a p…
the person must arrange the parts in a way that satisfies som…
Cognition
the mental processes involved in acquiring knowledge
Problem Solving
Active efforts to discover what must be done to achieve a goa…
25 terms
Psychology Ch. 8: Cognition and Intelligence
problem solving
problems of inducing structure
problems of arrangement
problems of transformation
active efforts to discover what must be done to achieve a goa…
person must discover the relations among the parts of the pro…
person must arrange the parts in a way that satisfies some cr…
person must carry out a sequence of transformations in order…
problem solving
active efforts to discover what must be done to achieve a goa…
problems of inducing structure
person must discover the relations among the parts of the pro…
39 terms
AP Psychology Cognition and Intelligence Terms
Concept
Prototype
Algorithm
Heuristic
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
A mental image or best example of a category
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
A simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judge…
Concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
Prototype
A mental image or best example of a category
20 terms
Psychology- Chapter 8: Cognition&Intelligence
People often assume that it is necessa…
Observing the similarities between a n…
The original French intelligence test…
Correlations between students' IQ scor…
c. may be irrelevant
b. searching for analogies
a. Lewis Terman
d. are a reasonably valid method to predict school performance
People often assume that it is necessa…
c. may be irrelevant
Observing the similarities between a n…
b. searching for analogies
63 terms
AP Psychology: Memory, Cognition, and Intelligence
Memory
Encoding
Retrieval
Parallel Processing
The persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
The processing of info into the memory system - for example,…
The process of getting info out of memory storage.
The processing of many aspects of a problem simultaneously. t…
Memory
The persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
Encoding
The processing of info into the memory system - for example,…
47 terms
AP Psychology Cognition and Intelligence Test
Experience
Prototypes
Vivid cases
Belief bias
can't have insight without ___________
representative heuristics are associated with ______________
availability heuristics are associated with ______________ __…
he tendency of one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical r…
Experience
can't have insight without ___________
Prototypes
representative heuristics are associated with ______________
45 terms
AP Psychology: Cognition, Language, and Intelligence
Cognition
Metacognition
Cognitive Maps
Concepts
Manipulation stored information in various ways
Thinking about how you think or what happens when you conside…
A mental representation
Mental groupings of similar objects
Cognition
Manipulation stored information in various ways
Metacognition
Thinking about how you think or what happens when you conside…
24 terms
Psychology - Cognition and Intelligence (week 7)
Cognition
Problem-solving
Approaches to problem-solving
Trial and error
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
Refers to active efforts to discover what must be done to ach…
Trial and error, Algorithm, Heuristic, Incubation
Involves trying possible solutions sequentially and discardin…
Cognition
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
Problem-solving
Refers to active efforts to discover what must be done to ach…
40 terms
Psychology- Cognition: Thinking, Language and Intelligence
General intelligence
8 Intelligences
3 Intelligences
Analytical intelligence
Charles Spearman. Underlies all types of intelligence. Meanin…
Howard Gardner. Linguistic, logical-mathematical, music, spac…
Robert Sternberg. Analytical, creative, and practical intelli…
Intelligence that is assessed on intelligence. Book smart.
General intelligence
Charles Spearman. Underlies all types of intelligence. Meanin…
8 Intelligences
Howard Gardner. Linguistic, logical-mathematical, music, spac…
37 terms
A.P. Psychology: Cognition/ Intelligence
Schema
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
an organized pattern of thought or behavior that organizes ca…
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar things, events & people that is…
a mental image or best example of a category. Provides a quic…
Schema
an organized pattern of thought or behavior that organizes ca…
Cognition
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
79 terms
Psychology (Intelligence, Cognition, Problem solving)
problem solving
Concept
Prototype
Insight
active efforts to discover what must be done to achieve a goa…
mental grouping of similar items and what categories they bel…
a mental model containing the most typical features of a conc…
people discover the correct answer to a problem after struggl…
problem solving
active efforts to discover what must be done to achieve a goa…
Concept
mental grouping of similar items and what categories they bel…
23 terms
Psychology Test Three Cognition/Intelligence
Language
Animal Communication
Duality of Patterning
Productivity
means of communicating thoughts and feelings, using a system…
Human language includes key elements that animal communicatio…
Phonemes are combined in rule-goverened patterns to create wo…
A finite number of sounds is used to produce an infinite numb…
Language
means of communicating thoughts and feelings, using a system…
Animal Communication
Human language includes key elements that animal communicatio…
43 terms
Psychology - 7 - cognition, language, and intelligence
Achievement
Algorithm
Aptitude
Availability heuristic
Acquired knowledge, or what has been learned
An approach to problem-solving using a formula or set of role…
And individuals potential for learning
A decision-making strategy that predicts the likelihood of so…
Achievement
Acquired knowledge, or what has been learned
Algorithm
An approach to problem-solving using a formula or set of role…
20 terms
Think Psychology - Ch. 9 - Cognition and Intelligence
Cognition
Intelligence
Aptitude
Achievement
consists of mental activities associated with sensation, perc…
is the capacity to reason, solve problems, and acquire new kn…
is a person's potential ability
is a person's knowledge and progress
Cognition
consists of mental activities associated with sensation, perc…
Intelligence
is the capacity to reason, solve problems, and acquire new kn…
13 terms
General Psychology 06 Cognition and Intelligence
Mental Imagery
Mental Rotation
Mental Zoom
Kinesthetic (motor) Imagery
Mental Rotation... Mental Zoom
Ability to change the positions of objects in our minds
Ability to enlarge our mental representation of objects
Thoughts that are created from muscular sensations
Mental Imagery
Mental Rotation... Mental Zoom
Mental Rotation
Ability to change the positions of objects in our minds
76 terms
AP Psychology: Cognition, Language, and Intelligence
Cognition
Metacognition
Cognitive Maps
Latent Learning
Manipulation stored information in various ways
Thinking about how you think or what happens when you conside…
A mental representation
Learning that becomes apparent only when there is some incent…
Cognition
Manipulation stored information in various ways
Metacognition
Thinking about how you think or what happens when you conside…
44 terms
AP Psychology: Cognition, Language, and Intelligence
Heuristic
Algorithm
Functional Fixedness
Prototype
A type of problem solving that uses shortcuts or "rule-of-thu…
A type of problem solving that uses a step-by-step procedure…
The tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual…
The best example of a category. We use it as an anchor. Ex: W…
Heuristic
A type of problem solving that uses shortcuts or "rule-of-thu…
Algorithm
A type of problem solving that uses a step-by-step procedure…
48 terms
Psychology (memory, cognition, language and intelligence)
Acoustic Encoding (memory)
Automatic processing (memory)
Capacity (memory)
Encoding (memory)
the encoding of sound, especially the sound of words
unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as space…
quantifies the amount of information that can be held in memo…
the processing of information into the memory system for exam…
Acoustic Encoding (memory)
the encoding of sound, especially the sound of words
Automatic processing (memory)
unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as space…
General Psychology Ch 8: Cognition & Intelligence
Cognition refers to
Solving problems like the hobbit and o…
Which class of problems involves disco…
People often find it difficult to solv…
How people think
Transformation
Inducing structure
functional fixedness
Cognition refers to
How people think
Solving problems like the hobbit and o…
Transformation
59 terms
Psychology Chapter 7 Cognition Language and Intelligence
cognition
reasoning
deductive reasoning
inductive reasoning
The mental processes involved in acquiring, storing, retrievi…
A form of thinking in which conclusions are drawn from a set…
Reasoning from general to specific, or drawing particular con…
Reasoning in which general conclusions are drawn from particu…
cognition
The mental processes involved in acquiring, storing, retrievi…
reasoning
A form of thinking in which conclusions are drawn from a set…
22 terms
Cognitive Psychology: Thinking, Language, & Intelligence
Cognition
Thinking =
Language =
Intelligence =
The mental activity associated w/ PROCCESSING, COMMUNICATING,…
Process
Communicating
Understanding
Cognition
The mental activity associated w/ PROCCESSING, COMMUNICATING,…
Thinking =
Process
29 terms
Unit 4: Cognitive Psychology- Intelligence
What is the differential approach?
factor analysis
what is meant by the phrase "indiffere…
how and why was the measure of general…
devoted to tests and measures of individual differences in va…
statistical analysis that examines all of the correlations be…
refers to the finding that the content of the test items and…
Spearman found that when he tested people using different met…
What is the differential approach?
devoted to tests and measures of individual differences in va…
factor analysis
statistical analysis that examines all of the correlations be…
72 terms
Psychology 111: Chapter 8 (Cognition and Intelligence)
Ivan Pavlov
B.F. Skinner
Albert Bandura
Reflex
Classical conditioning
Operant conditioning
Observational learning, bobo doll study.
An involuntary response to a stimulus.
Ivan Pavlov
Classical conditioning
B.F. Skinner
Operant conditioning
21 terms
Cognition: Intelligence
General Intelligence
g
Galton
Spearman
A single factor shared across all subareas of intelligence. A…
General Intelligence
Charles Darwin's cousin, who believed intelligence is inherit…
2-Factor Theory of Intelligence - "g" factor (general intelli…
General Intelligence
A single factor shared across all subareas of intelligence. A…
g
General Intelligence
51 terms
Cognitive Psychology - Problem Solving and Intelligence
What is problem solving?
What is an initial state?
What are operators?
What are path constraints?
the process of figuring out how to reach a goal
current knowledge and resources
actions that can change your state
possible problems (rule out solutions)
What is problem solving?
the process of figuring out how to reach a goal
What is an initial state?
current knowledge and resources
41 terms
psychology chapter 7- cognition, language, and intelligence
cognition
imagery
concept
formal concept
mental processes that are involved in acquiring, storing, ret…
the representation in the mind of a sensory experience-visual…
a mental category uised to represent a class or group of obje…
a concept that is clearly defined by a set of rules, a formal…
cognition
mental processes that are involved in acquiring, storing, ret…
imagery
the representation in the mind of a sensory experience-visual…
50 terms
Pearson Psychology Chapter 7: Cognition, Language, and Intelligence
Cognition
Mental Imagery
Concept
Formal Concept
The mental activities happening in the brain related to proce…
Mental representations that stand for objects or events and h…
An idea that represents a class or category of objects, event…
A concept defined by a specific set of rules or futures.
Cognition
The mental activities happening in the brain related to proce…
Mental Imagery
Mental representations that stand for objects or events and h…
21 terms
Cognition: Intelligence
General Intelligence
g
Galton
Spearman
A single factor shared across all subareas of intelligence. A…
General Intelligence
Charles Darwin's cousin, who believed intelligence is inherit…
2-Factor Theory of Intelligence - "g" factor (general intelli…
General Intelligence
A single factor shared across all subareas of intelligence. A…
g
General Intelligence
49 terms
AP Psychology Unit 6: Cognition & Intelligence
prefrontal cortex
mental image
concept
prototype
part of the brain that associates complex ideas, makes plants…
mental representation of a previously stored sensory experien…
mental representation of a group or category that shares simi…
representation of the "best" or more typical example of a cat…
prefrontal cortex
part of the brain that associates complex ideas, makes plants…
mental image
mental representation of a previously stored sensory experien…
157 terms
AP Psychology: Module 6 - Cognition & Intelligence
Memory
Putting it in: Encoding
What are the 2 ways encoding can be pe…
Keeping it in: Storage
active system; recieves information from senses, puts that in…
mental operations which people perform on sensory info to con…
1. Rehearsing info over & over to keep in memory... 2. Elaborati…
holding onto information for some period of time... *one stage:…
Memory
active system; recieves information from senses, puts that in…
Putting it in: Encoding
mental operations which people perform on sensory info to con…
30 terms
Discovering Psychology Chapter 7 - Cognition / Intelligence
cognition
thinking
mental image
concept
mental activities involved in acquiring, retaining, and using…
manipulation of metal representations of information in order…
mental representation objects or events that are not physical…
mental category of objects or ideas based on properties they…
cognition
mental activities involved in acquiring, retaining, and using…
thinking
manipulation of metal representations of information in order…
47 terms
Psychology Chapter 10 Cognition: Thinking and Intelligence
Thinking (Cognition)
Mental Images
How do mental images help our daily li…
How does the process of creating a men…
Mental activity that goes on in the brain when a person is or…
Mental representations that stand for objects or events and h…
We use them as maps to help us find items and determine locat…
The real image is processed from the eyes to the visual corte…
Thinking (Cognition)
Mental activity that goes on in the brain when a person is or…
Mental Images
Mental representations that stand for objects or events and h…
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