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Study sets matching "psych memory social"

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Study sets matching "psych memory social"

62 terms
Social Psychology and Memory
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
Foot-in-the-Door Phenomenon
Heider's theory that people's behavior can be attributed to e…
the tendency of observers to overestimate the influence of pe…
feelings, often based on our beliefs, which affect the way we…
the tendency for people who have first agreed to a small requ…
Attribution Theory
Heider's theory that people's behavior can be attributed to e…
Fundamental Attribution Error
the tendency of observers to overestimate the influence of pe…
131 terms
Learning, Memory & Social Psychology
Learning
Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
The process of acquiring new information and behaviors throug…
Learning that certain events occur together
Learning to associate two stimuli and anticipate events that…
Learning to associate behavior response with consequence (pun…
Learning
The process of acquiring new information and behaviors throug…
Associative Learning
Learning that certain events occur together
182 terms
memory, personality, social psychology
encoding
storage
retrievel
memory
the initial process of recording info in a form of usable mem…
the maintenance of material saved in memory
material in memory storage has to be located and brought into…
the process by which we encode, store and retrieve information
encoding
the initial process of recording info in a form of usable mem…
storage
the maintenance of material saved in memory
98 terms
Learning, Memory, and Social Psychology
Learning
Associative Learning
Stimulus
Cognitive learning
process of acquiring new and relatively enduring information…
learning that certain events occur together
any event or situation that evokes a response
the acquisition of mental information, whether by observing e…
Learning
process of acquiring new and relatively enduring information…
Associative Learning
learning that certain events occur together
80 terms
Psychology-social influence and memory
Stanford prison experiment- aim
Zimbardo- procedure
Zimbardo - results
Zimbardo-conclusion
Observe the interactions between two groups in the absence of…
Built a mock prison in Stanford university... Recruited 24 male,…
Interpersonal relationships deteriorated, became negative, ho…
The illusion of power had become real... Both prisoners and guar…
Stanford prison experiment- aim
Observe the interactions between two groups in the absence of…
Zimbardo- procedure
Built a mock prison in Stanford university... Recruited 24 male,…
44 terms
Social Psychology and Memory
What is meant by memory?
Three main steps involved in memory
Sensory Memory
Short-term Memory
The ability to receive and retain information
Encoding (converting information into a form usable in memory…
holds large amounts of information for a very short time
holds small amount of information for a short time
What is meant by memory?
The ability to receive and retain information
Three main steps involved in memory
Encoding (converting information into a form usable in memory…
Memory & Social Psychology
What is our memory forming process?
What does our two track mind focus on?
What is implicit memory?
What is explicit memory?
1.) Information ia recorded as a fleeting sensory memory... 2.)…
Automatic processing and effortful processing
aka non-declarative memory. This is the type of memory that d…
aka declarative memory. This is the memory of facts and exper…
What is our memory forming process?
1.) Information ia recorded as a fleeting sensory memory... 2.)…
What does our two track mind focus on?
Automatic processing and effortful processing
21 terms
Psychology: Memory
Memory
Episodic memory
Semantic memory
Implicit memory
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Recall of a vivid, specific event
general knowledge that most people remember
includes practical skills and learned habits
Memory
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Episodic memory
Recall of a vivid, specific event
45 terms
Psych- Memory, Personality, Social Psychology
Remebering:... Recall
Remembering:... Serial Position Effect
Remembering:... Recognition Memory
Theory of Forgetting: Encoding Failure
direct retrieval of facts and info... easiest to remember 1st an…
tendency for recall of first and last items on a list and sur…
previously learned material is correctly identified-usually s…
when a memory was never formed in the first place
Remebering:... Recall
direct retrieval of facts and info... easiest to remember 1st an…
Remembering:... Serial Position Effect
tendency for recall of first and last items on a list and sur…
64 terms
Psychology: Memory, Motivation, Social, Disorders
Motivation
Extrinsic motivation
Incentives
instincts
various physiological and psychological factors that cause pe…
engaging in certain activities or behaviors that either reduc…
goals that can be either objects or thoughts that one learns…
innate tendencies or biological forces that determine behavior
Motivation
various physiological and psychological factors that cause pe…
Extrinsic motivation
engaging in certain activities or behaviors that either reduc…
19 terms
Psychology: Memory
Memory
Episodic memory
Semantic memory
encoding
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Recall of a vivid, specific event
general knowledge that most people remember
the first process of memory; the translation of information i…
Memory
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Episodic memory
Recall of a vivid, specific event
40 terms
Psychology cognitive social learning and memory
What is more important than the enviro…
Classical conditioning
Operant conditioning
Seligmans learned helplessness... (Condit…
How the environment is processed
Sequence of CS and UCS matter
Partial r maintains learning longer than continuous r once re…
Light(CS) -> Dog runs out (CR/Operant) -> escape shock (neg. R)
What is more important than the enviro…
How the environment is processed
Classical conditioning
Sequence of CS and UCS matter
51 terms
Psychology Test: Memory, Motivation & Emotion, and Social Psychology
Alison's classmates make a point of ig…
According to drive-reduction theory, "…
According to Abraham Maslow, our need…
When offered as many servings of ice c…
Ostracism
Basic bodily requirements
Food; friendship
Offered servings from a wide variety rather than a small vari…
Alison's classmates make a point of ig…
Ostracism
According to drive-reduction theory, "…
Basic bodily requirements
16 terms
Psychology (Test 2) Social Learning-Memory
Observational learning
Bandura's Experiments
Memory
Modal Model of Memory
• Not only learning by associa6on... • Also by IMITATION... • Abili…
• Bandura's Bobo doll study (1961)... - Individual learn through…
The capacity of the nervous system to acquire, retain, and re…
Observational learning
• Not only learning by associa6on... • Also by IMITATION... • Abili…
Bandura's Experiments
• Bandura's Bobo doll study (1961)... - Individual learn through…
28 terms
Psychology - Memory
Amnesia
Anterograde Amnesia
Retrograde Amnesia
Memory
- Any loss of memory, either partial or complete, temporary o…
- Memory loss for events AFTER the brain is damaged. ... - Inabi…
- Loss of memory for events that occurred BEFORE the brain is…
The storage and retrieval of information acquired through lea…
Amnesia
- Any loss of memory, either partial or complete, temporary o…
Anterograde Amnesia
- Memory loss for events AFTER the brain is damaged. ... - Inabi…
51 terms
psychology-memory
Memory
Three stages
Three processes of memory;
Encoding
an active system that... 1. receives information from the senses…
Sensory... Short term memory (STM)... Long term memory (LTM)
encoding ... storage... retrieval
-the set of mental operations that people perform on sensory…
Memory
an active system that... 1. receives information from the senses…
Three stages
Sensory... Short term memory (STM)... Long term memory (LTM)
24 terms
Psychology: Memory
Echoic Memory
Long Term Memory
Enhancing Memory
Recency Effect
Lasts only up to 4 seconds. Helps people remember things that…
This is any memory that can be recalled anytime. (It's also u…
By staying focused and paying attention it helps you memorize…
Items at the end of the list are more easily remembered than…
Echoic Memory
Lasts only up to 4 seconds. Helps people remember things that…
Long Term Memory
This is any memory that can be recalled anytime. (It's also u…
Key Studies, Social Influence, Memory, Attachment - Psychology
Asch 1956
Zimbardo 1973
Milgram 1963
Elms and Milgram 1966
Conformity
Social Roles, Stanford Prison Experiment
Obedience
Authoritarian Personality
Asch 1956
Conformity
Zimbardo 1973
Social Roles, Stanford Prison Experiment
38 terms
memory - psychology
what is the multi-store?
Encoding?
Storage?
Retrieval?
the idea that information passes through a series of memory s…
the way information is changed into a code so it can be remem…
information is kept within our memory until it is needed again
ability to recover information which has been stored
what is the multi-store?
the idea that information passes through a series of memory s…
Encoding?
the way information is changed into a code so it can be remem…
31 terms
Psychology - Memory
Memory
Cognitive Psychology
Processes
Short-term Memory
The ability to recall and retain past experiences.
The study of internal mental processes such as; perception, t…
The way our memory is able to
Memory of the immediate past and it is the limited capacity m…
Memory
The ability to recall and retain past experiences.
Cognitive Psychology
The study of internal mental processes such as; perception, t…
49 terms
Psychology Chapter 9 Memory
Memory
Sensory Memory
George Sperling
iconic memory
Any indication that learning has persisted over time
A split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information,…
Experimented with sensory memory, flashed images to participa…
A split-second perfect photograph of a scene, lasts a few ten…
Memory
Any indication that learning has persisted over time
Sensory Memory
A split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information,…
141 terms
Psychology 1010: Unit 4; memory, social, developmental and abnormal psychology
memory
information processing
encoding
storage
the ability to retain knowledge, 3 steps: encoding, storage,…
continuum from attention through problem solving that include…
the process of taking information and putting it into memory
taking information from memory and storing it
memory
the ability to retain knowledge, 3 steps: encoding, storage,…
information processing
continuum from attention through problem solving that include…
65 terms
Psych Exam 4 Memory & Social Psychology
Seven sins of memory
Transcience
Absent-Mindedness
Blocking
Transience... Absent-Mindedness... Blocking... Misattribution... Suggesti…
Reduced memory over time... We forget details over time; most of…
lapses in attention that result in failure to remember inform…
You have the needed info in memory, and cannot access it, eve…
Seven sins of memory
Transience... Absent-Mindedness... Blocking... Misattribution... Suggesti…
Transcience
Reduced memory over time... We forget details over time; most of…
21 terms
Psychology: Memory
Memory
Episodic memory
Semantic memory
Implicit memory
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Recall of a vivid, specific event
general knowledge that most people remember
includes practical skills and learned habits
Memory
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Episodic memory
Recall of a vivid, specific event
80 terms
Psychology 1: Social Influence, Memory, Attachment
SOCIAL INFLUENCE
Internalisation
Identification
Compliance
...
When a person genuinely accepts group norms. ... It results in a…
When we identify with a group that we value, we want to becom…
Involves 'going along with others' in public, but privately n…
SOCIAL INFLUENCE
...
Internalisation
When a person genuinely accepts group norms. ... It results in a…
67 terms
Memory Psychology
Sensory memory
Iconic Memory
Enhoic memory
selective attention
Storing an exact copy of incoming information for a few seconds
a mental image or visual representation
after a sound is heard a brief continuation of the activity i…
focusing on a selected portion of sensory input
Sensory memory
Storing an exact copy of incoming information for a few seconds
Iconic Memory
a mental image or visual representation
103 terms
Psychology Memory
Memory
Explicit uses of memory
Example of explicit use of memory?
Implicit uses of memory
Capacity to encode, store, and retrieve info. Can be consider…
With conscious effort.
Declarative memory; facts and memories.
Without conscious effort, non-memorial.
Memory
Capacity to encode, store, and retrieve info. Can be consider…
Explicit uses of memory
With conscious effort.
psychology//memory
memory
coding
capacity
duration
memory is what we remember, by what is stored in the brain an…
the format in which information is stored in the various memo…
the amount of information that can be held in memory store
the length if time information can be held in memory
memory
memory is what we remember, by what is stored in the brain an…
coding
the format in which information is stored in the various memo…
28 terms
Psychology - Memory
Amnesia
Anterograde Amnesia
Retrograde Amnesia
Memory
- Any loss of memory, either partial or complete, temporary o…
- Memory loss for events AFTER the brain is damaged. ... - Inabi…
- Loss of memory for events that occurred BEFORE the brain is…
The storage and retrieval of information acquired through lea…
Amnesia
- Any loss of memory, either partial or complete, temporary o…
Anterograde Amnesia
- Memory loss for events AFTER the brain is damaged. ... - Inabi…
28 terms
Psychology - Memory
Working memory
Sematic memory
Episodic memory
Autobiographical memory
The ability to hold information in mind for a brief time and…
Your storehouse of more or less permanent knowledge.
The ability to remember the episodes of your life
Memory for the events of one's life.
Working memory
The ability to hold information in mind for a brief time and…
Sematic memory
Your storehouse of more or less permanent knowledge.
63 terms
PSYCHOLOGY - Memory
Short term memory
Long term memory
Coding
Capacity
Capacity- 5-9 items... Duration- 15-30 seconds... Coding- Acoustic
Capacity - Potentially unlimited ... Duration- Potentially a lif…
The format in which information is stored in the various memo…
The amount of information that can be held in a memory store
Short term memory
Capacity- 5-9 items... Duration- 15-30 seconds... Coding- Acoustic
Long term memory
Capacity - Potentially unlimited ... Duration- Potentially a lif…
27 terms
PSYCHOLOGY- Memory
Short term memory
Long term memory
Coding
Capacity
Capacity- 5-9 items... Duration- 15-30 seconds... Coding- Acoustic
Capacity - Potentially unlimited ... Duration- Potentially a lif…
The format in which information is stored in the various memo…
The amount of information that can be held in a memory store
Short term memory
Capacity- 5-9 items... Duration- 15-30 seconds... Coding- Acoustic
Long term memory
Capacity - Potentially unlimited ... Duration- Potentially a lif…
psychology memory
sensory
echoic
selective attention
anterograde amnesia
the very first stage of memory, the point in which info enter…
the brief memory of something a person has just heard
the ability to focus on only one stimulus from among all sens…
loss of memory from the point of injury or trauma forward, or…
sensory
the very first stage of memory, the point in which info enter…
echoic
the brief memory of something a person has just heard
76 terms
Psychology - Memory
The sensory register
Cocktail Party Effect
Coding in the SR
Echoic Store
Also called sensory memory, is the ultra-short-term memory ta…
When you're not listening to a conversation and you hear your…
Information is stored in a raw, unprocessed form, with sensor…
Auditory store
The sensory register
Also called sensory memory, is the ultra-short-term memory ta…
Cocktail Party Effect
When you're not listening to a conversation and you hear your…
76 terms
Memory Psychology
Sensory memory
Iconic Memory
Enhoic memory
selective attention
Storing an exact copy of incoming information for a few seconds
a mental image or visual representation
after a sound is heard a brief continuation of the activity i…
focusing on a selected portion of sensory input
Sensory memory
Storing an exact copy of incoming information for a few seconds
Iconic Memory
a mental image or visual representation
36 terms
AP Psychology - Memory
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
the retention of encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage.
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
39 terms
AP Psychology - Memory
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
the retention of encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage.
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
21 terms
Psychology: Memory
Memory
Episodic memory
Semantic memory
Implicit memory
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Recall of a vivid, specific event
general knowledge that most people remember
includes practical skills and learned habits
Memory
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Episodic memory
Recall of a vivid, specific event
15 terms
psychology- memory
Tulving- performance of knowledge & ex…
Loftus & Palmer- misleading informatio…
Memon: meta analysis of cognitive inte…
Schmidt- influence of retroactive inte…
(Radioactive gold) 3 Ps produced inconclusive data for unknow…
Experiment 1(verb choice) ... Contacted: 31.8 mph Hit: 34mph Bum…
CI produced more accurate detail than non CI. Less evident wi…
Positive association between number of times Ps had moved hou…
Tulving- performance of knowledge & ex…
(Radioactive gold) 3 Ps produced inconclusive data for unknow…
Loftus & Palmer- misleading informatio…
Experiment 1(verb choice) ... Contacted: 31.8 mph Hit: 34mph Bum…
36 terms
Psychology: Memory
Memory
Atkinson & Shiffrin Model of Memory
Encoding
Automatic Encoding
The storage and retrieval of information acquired through lea…
The process of converting information into a usable form that…
Involves encoding information about location in space an time…
Memory
The storage and retrieval of information acquired through lea…
Atkinson & Shiffrin Model of Memory
Psychology - Memory
Memory
Three memory processes
Processing and encoding
Sensory memory
The mental representation of something to be ... remembered ... Eg…
Encoding - The processing of incoming information to create m…
Shallow processing - structural encoding (e.g. the physical s…
The mechanism that performs initial encoding of sensory ... stim…
Memory
The mental representation of something to be ... remembered ... Eg…
Three memory processes
Encoding - The processing of incoming information to create m…
47 terms
PSYCHOLOGY MEMORY
Level or store in human memory with li…
A set of systems involved in the acqui…
no break between learning trials
rest intervals are interspersed among…
STM (short term memory)
Memory
Massed-Practice
Distributed-Practice
Level or store in human memory with li…
STM (short term memory)
A set of systems involved in the acqui…
Memory
57 terms
Psychology- Memory
The Multi Store Model
Multi store Model diagram
Short term memory
Long term memory
The MSM is a structural model of memory with an emphasis on t…
Capacity: 7+/- 2... Duration: 15-30 seconds... Encoding: Acoustic
Capacity: Unlimited... Duration: Lifetime... Encoding: Semantic
The Multi Store Model
The MSM is a structural model of memory with an emphasis on t…
Multi store Model diagram
40 terms
Psychology-Memory
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
the retention of encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage.
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
50 terms
AP Psychology - Memory
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
the processing of getting information into the memory system.
the retention of encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage.
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
the processing of getting information into the memory system.
40 terms
AP Psychology - Cognition - Memory
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
the retention of encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage.
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
21 terms
Psychology: Memory 2
Memory
Episodic memory
Semantic memory
Implicit memory
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Recall of a vivid, specific event
general knowledge that most people remember
includes practical skills and learned habits
Memory
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Episodic memory
Recall of a vivid, specific event
40 terms
AP Psychology - Cognition - Memory
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
the retention of encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage.
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
68 terms
AP Psychology - Learning and Memory
learning
habituation
associative learning
classical conditioning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infan…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
habituation
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infan…
73 terms
MEMORY AP Psychology
Memory
Encode
Storage
Retrieval
The ability to encode, store and retrieve information over time
processing of getting information into the memory system
Maintaining encoded information in memory over time.
process by which stored information is recovered from long te…
Memory
The ability to encode, store and retrieve information over time
Encode
processing of getting information into the memory system
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