Study sets matching "psych memory social"

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Study sets matching "psych memory social"

Social Psychology and Memory
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
Foot-in-the-Door Phenomenon
Heider's theory that people's behavior can be attributed to e…
the tendency of observers to overestimate the influence of pe…
feelings, often based on our beliefs, which affect the way we…
the tendency for people who have first agreed to a small requ…
Attribution Theory
Heider's theory that people's behavior can be attributed to e…
Fundamental Attribution Error
the tendency of observers to overestimate the influence of pe…
Learning, Memory & Social Psychology
Learning
Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
The process of acquiring new information and behaviors throug…
Learning that certain events occur together
Learning to associate two stimuli and anticipate events that…
Learning to associate behavior response with consequence (pun…
Learning
The process of acquiring new information and behaviors throug…
Associative Learning
Learning that certain events occur together
182 terms
memory, personality, social psychology
encoding
storage
retrievel
memory
the initial process of recording info in a form of usable mem…
the maintenance of material saved in memory
material in memory storage has to be located and brought into…
the process by which we encode, store and retrieve information
encoding
the initial process of recording info in a form of usable mem…
storage
the maintenance of material saved in memory
Memory & Social Psychology
What is our memory forming process?
What does our two track mind focus on?
What is implicit memory?
What is explicit memory?
1.) Information ia recorded as a fleeting sensory memory... 2.)…
Automatic processing and effortful processing
aka non-declarative memory. This is the type of memory that d…
aka declarative memory. This is the memory of facts and exper…
What is our memory forming process?
1.) Information ia recorded as a fleeting sensory memory... 2.)…
What does our two track mind focus on?
Automatic processing and effortful processing
44 terms
Social Psychology and Memory
What is meant by memory?
Three main steps involved in memory
Sensory Memory
Short-term Memory
The ability to receive and retain information
Encoding (converting information into a form usable in memory…
holds large amounts of information for a very short time
holds small amount of information for a short time
What is meant by memory?
The ability to receive and retain information
Three main steps involved in memory
Encoding (converting information into a form usable in memory…
Learning, Memory, and Social Psychology
Learning
Associative Learning
Stimulus
Cognitive learning
process of acquiring new and relatively enduring information…
learning that certain events occur together
any event or situation that evokes a response
the acquisition of mental information, whether by observing e…
Learning
process of acquiring new and relatively enduring information…
Associative Learning
learning that certain events occur together
80 terms
Psychology-social influence and memory
Stanford prison experiment- aim
Zimbardo- procedure
Zimbardo - results
Zimbardo-conclusion
Observe the interactions between two groups in the absence of…
Built a mock prison in Stanford university... Recruited 24 male,…
Interpersonal relationships deteriorated, became negative, ho…
The illusion of power had become real... Both prisoners and guar…
Stanford prison experiment- aim
Observe the interactions between two groups in the absence of…
Zimbardo- procedure
Built a mock prison in Stanford university... Recruited 24 male,…
21 terms
Psychology: Memory
Memory
Episodic memory
Semantic memory
Implicit memory
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Recall of a vivid, specific event
general knowledge that most people remember
includes practical skills and learned habits
Memory
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Episodic memory
Recall of a vivid, specific event
Psychology: Memory
Memory
Episodic memory
Semantic memory
Implicit memory
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Recall of a vivid, specific event
general knowledge that most people remember
includes practical skills and learned habits
Memory
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Episodic memory
Recall of a vivid, specific event
40 terms
Psychology cognitive social learning and memory
What is more important than the enviro…
Classical conditioning
Operant conditioning
Seligmans learned helplessness... (Condit…
How the environment is processed
Sequence of CS and UCS matter
Partial r maintains learning longer than continuous r once re…
Light(CS) -> Dog runs out (CR/Operant) -> escape shock (neg. R)
What is more important than the enviro…
How the environment is processed
Classical conditioning
Sequence of CS and UCS matter
19 terms
Psychology: Memory
Memory
Episodic memory
Semantic memory
encoding
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Recall of a vivid, specific event
general knowledge that most people remember
the first process of memory; the translation of information i…
Memory
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Episodic memory
Recall of a vivid, specific event
45 terms
Psych- Memory, Personality, Social Psychology
Remebering:... Recall
Remembering:... Serial Position Effect
Remembering:... Recognition Memory
Theory of Forgetting: Encoding Failure
direct retrieval of facts and info... easiest to remember 1st an…
tendency for recall of first and last items on a list and sur…
previously learned material is correctly identified-usually s…
when a memory was never formed in the first place
Remebering:... Recall
direct retrieval of facts and info... easiest to remember 1st an…
Remembering:... Serial Position Effect
tendency for recall of first and last items on a list and sur…
64 terms
Psychology: Memory, Motivation, Social, Disorders
Motivation
Extrinsic motivation
Incentives
instincts
various physiological and psychological factors that cause pe…
engaging in certain activities or behaviors that either reduc…
goals that can be either objects or thoughts that one learns…
innate tendencies or biological forces that determine behavior
Motivation
various physiological and psychological factors that cause pe…
Extrinsic motivation
engaging in certain activities or behaviors that either reduc…
28 terms
Psychology - Memory
Amnesia
Anterograde Amnesia
Retrograde Amnesia
Memory
- Any loss of memory, either partial or complete, temporary o…
- Memory loss for events AFTER the brain is damaged. ... - Inabi…
- Loss of memory for events that occurred BEFORE the brain is…
The storage and retrieval of information acquired through lea…
Amnesia
- Any loss of memory, either partial or complete, temporary o…
Anterograde Amnesia
- Memory loss for events AFTER the brain is damaged. ... - Inabi…
51 terms
Psychology Test: Memory, Motivation & Emotion, and Social Psychology
Alison's classmates make a point of ig…
According to drive-reduction theory, "…
According to Abraham Maslow, our need…
When offered as many servings of ice c…
Ostracism
Basic bodily requirements
Food; friendship
Offered servings from a wide variety rather than a small vari…
Alison's classmates make a point of ig…
Ostracism
According to drive-reduction theory, "…
Basic bodily requirements
Psychology: Memory
Echoic Memory
Long Term Memory
Enhancing Memory
Recency Effect
Lasts only up to 4 seconds. Helps people remember things that…
This is any memory that can be recalled anytime. (It's also u…
By staying focused and paying attention it helps you memorize…
Items at the end of the list are more easily remembered than…
Echoic Memory
Lasts only up to 4 seconds. Helps people remember things that…
Long Term Memory
This is any memory that can be recalled anytime. (It's also u…
51 terms
psychology-memory
Memory
Three stages
Three processes of memory;
Encoding
an active system that... 1. receives information from the senses…
Sensory... Short term memory (STM)... Long term memory (LTM)
encoding ... storage... retrieval
-the set of mental operations that people perform on sensory…
Memory
an active system that... 1. receives information from the senses…
Three stages
Sensory... Short term memory (STM)... Long term memory (LTM)
Psychology 1010: Unit 4; memory, social, developmental and abnormal psychology
memory
information processing
encoding
storage
the ability to retain knowledge, 3 steps: encoding, storage,…
continuum from attention through problem solving that include…
the process of taking information and putting it into memory
taking information from memory and storing it
memory
the ability to retain knowledge, 3 steps: encoding, storage,…
information processing
continuum from attention through problem solving that include…
memory - psychology
what is the multi-store?
Encoding?
Storage?
Retrieval?
the idea that information passes through a series of memory s…
the way information is changed into a code so it can be remem…
information is kept within our memory until it is needed again
ability to recover information which has been stored
what is the multi-store?
the idea that information passes through a series of memory s…
Encoding?
the way information is changed into a code so it can be remem…
16 terms
Psychology (Test 2) Social Learning-Memory
Observational learning
Bandura's Experiments
Memory
Modal Model of Memory
• Not only learning by associa6on... • Also by IMITATION... • Abili…
• Bandura's Bobo doll study (1961)... - Individual learn through…
The capacity of the nervous system to acquire, retain, and re…
Observational learning
• Not only learning by associa6on... • Also by IMITATION... • Abili…
Bandura's Experiments
• Bandura's Bobo doll study (1961)... - Individual learn through…
Psychology Chapter 9 Memory
Memory
Sensory Memory
George Sperling
iconic memory
Any indication that learning has persisted over time
A split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information,…
Experimented with sensory memory, flashed images to participa…
A split-second perfect photograph of a scene, lasts a few ten…
Memory
Any indication that learning has persisted over time
Sensory Memory
A split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information,…
65 terms
Psych Exam 4 Memory & Social Psychology
Seven sins of memory
Transcience
Absent-Mindedness
Blocking
Transience... Absent-Mindedness... Blocking... Misattribution... Suggesti…
Reduced memory over time... We forget details over time; most of…
lapses in attention that result in failure to remember inform…
You have the needed info in memory, and cannot access it, eve…
Seven sins of memory
Transience... Absent-Mindedness... Blocking... Misattribution... Suggesti…
Transcience
Reduced memory over time... We forget details over time; most of…
Key Studies, Social Influence, Memory, Attachment - Psychology
Asch (1956)
Zimbardo (1973)
Milgram (1963)
Elms and Milgram (1966)
Conformity
Social Roles, Stanford Prison Experiment
Obedience
Authoritarian Personality
Asch (1956)
Conformity
Zimbardo (1973)
Social Roles, Stanford Prison Experiment
psychology//memory
memory
coding
capacity
duration
memory is what we remember, by what is stored in the brain an…
the format in which information is stored in the various memo…
the amount of information that can be held in memory store
the length if time information can be held in memory
memory
memory is what we remember, by what is stored in the brain an…
coding
the format in which information is stored in the various memo…
67 terms
Memory Psychology
Sensory memory
Iconic Memory
Enhoic memory
selective attention
Storing an exact copy of incoming information for a few seconds
a mental image or visual representation
after a sound is heard a brief continuation of the activity i…
focusing on a selected portion of sensory input
Sensory memory
Storing an exact copy of incoming information for a few seconds
Iconic Memory
a mental image or visual representation
28 terms
Psychology - Memory
Amnesia
Anterograde Amnesia
Retrograde Amnesia
Memory
- Any loss of memory, either partial or complete, temporary o…
- Memory loss for events AFTER the brain is damaged. ... - Inabi…
- Loss of memory for events that occurred BEFORE the brain is…
The storage and retrieval of information acquired through lea…
Amnesia
- Any loss of memory, either partial or complete, temporary o…
Anterograde Amnesia
- Memory loss for events AFTER the brain is damaged. ... - Inabi…
64 terms
Psychology Chapter 7: Memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
Memory
the act of processing information into memory
the retention of encoded representations over time
The act of recalling or remembering stored information when i…
The nervous system's capacity to acquire and retain skills an…
encoding
the act of processing information into memory
storage
the retention of encoded representations over time
28 terms
Psychology - Memory
Working memory
Sematic memory
Episodic memory
Autobiographical memory
The ability to hold information in mind for a brief time and…
Your storehouse of more or less permanent knowledge.
The ability to remember the episodes of your life
Memory for the events of one's life.
Working memory
The ability to hold information in mind for a brief time and…
Sematic memory
Your storehouse of more or less permanent knowledge.
Psychology Memory
Memory
Explicit uses of memory
Example of explicit use of memory?
Implicit uses of memory
Capacity to encode, store, and retrieve info. Can be consider…
With conscious effort.
Declarative memory; facts and memories.
Without conscious effort, non-memorial.
Memory
Capacity to encode, store, and retrieve info. Can be consider…
Explicit uses of memory
With conscious effort.
18 terms
Psychology: Memory
Memory
Episodic memory
Semantic memory
Implicit memory
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Recall of a vivid, specific event
general knowledge that most people remember
includes practical skills and learned habits
Memory
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Episodic memory
Recall of a vivid, specific event
88 terms
memory psychology
cognitive psychology
memory
model
the multistore memory model
how our mind deals with info + our abilities to use that info
process of storing and retrieving info
not an exact copy, but a representation of something, helps u…
stimulus >sensory register |iconic>stm>ltm... |echoic
cognitive psychology
how our mind deals with info + our abilities to use that info
memory
process of storing and retrieving info
76 terms
Memory Psychology
Sensory memory
Iconic Memory
Enhoic memory
selective attention
Storing an exact copy of incoming information for a few seconds
a mental image or visual representation
after a sound is heard a brief continuation of the activity i…
focusing on a selected portion of sensory input
Sensory memory
Storing an exact copy of incoming information for a few seconds
Iconic Memory
a mental image or visual representation
49 terms
psychology: memory
memory
flashbulb memory
encoding
storage
the persistence of learning over time; storage and retrieval…
a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event…
1st step of information processing/memory storage; how we get…
2nd step of information processing/memory storage; retaining…
memory
the persistence of learning over time; storage and retrieval…
flashbulb memory
a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event…
36 terms
AP Psychology - Memory
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
the retention of encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage.
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
psychology memory
sensory
echoic
selective attention
anterograde amnesia
the very first stage of memory, the point in which info enter…
the brief memory of something a person has just heard
the ability to focus on only one stimulus from among all sens…
loss of memory from the point of injury or trauma forward, or…
sensory
the very first stage of memory, the point in which info enter…
echoic
the brief memory of something a person has just heard
Psychology - Memory
Memory
Three memory processes
Processing and encoding
Sensory memory
The mental representation of something to be ... remembered ... Eg…
Encoding - The processing of incoming information to create m…
Shallow processing - structural encoding (e.g. the physical s…
The mechanism that performs initial encoding of sensory ... stim…
Memory
The mental representation of something to be ... remembered ... Eg…
Three memory processes
Encoding - The processing of incoming information to create m…
57 terms
Psychology- Memory
The Multi Store Model
Multi store Model diagram
Short term memory
Long term memory
The MSM is a structural model of memory with an emphasis on t…
Capacity: 7+/- 2... Duration: 15-30 seconds... Encoding: Acoustic
Capacity: Unlimited... Duration: Lifetime... Encoding: Semantic
The Multi Store Model
The MSM is a structural model of memory with an emphasis on t…
Multi store Model diagram
33 terms
Psychology: Memory
memory
flashbulb memory
encoding
storage
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event
the processing of information into the memory system--for exa…
the retention of encoded information over time
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
flashbulb memory
a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event
AP Psychology - Memory
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
the processing of getting information into the memory system.
the retention of encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage.
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
the processing of getting information into the memory system.
39 terms
AP Psychology - Memory
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
the retention of encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage.
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
psychology- memory
Tulving- performance of knowledge & ex…
Loftus & Palmer- misleading informatio…
Memon: meta analysis of cognitive inte…
Schmidt- influence of retroactive inte…
(Radioactive gold) 3 Ps produced inconclusive data for unknow…
Experiment 1(verb choice) ... Contacted: 31.8 mph Hit: 34mph Bum…
CI produced more accurate detail than non CI. Less evident wi…
Positive association between number of times Ps had moved hou…
Tulving- performance of knowledge & ex…
(Radioactive gold) 3 Ps produced inconclusive data for unknow…
Loftus & Palmer- misleading informatio…
Experiment 1(verb choice) ... Contacted: 31.8 mph Hit: 34mph Bum…
39 terms
AP Psychology - 7A Memory
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
the retention of encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage.
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
Psychology Memory
Declaritive memory
Procedural memory
Prospective memory
Episodic memory
Genreal knowledge, facts, dates, #
Learned skills or processes
Memory's of future events (doctors appointment next week)
Specific experiences
Declaritive memory
Genreal knowledge, facts, dates, #
Procedural memory
Learned skills or processes
61 terms
Psychology Memory
memory
Modal model of memory
Sensory Memory
Echoic Sensory Memory
our ability to retrieve and store info.
external event>sensory memory>attention>short-term memory><lo…
Unattended info is quickly lost. Brief fleeting picture of th…
Representation of the sound of a scene.
memory
our ability to retrieve and store info.
Modal model of memory
external event>sensory memory>attention>short-term memory><lo…
42 terms
Psychology - Memory
Sensory Memory
Short Term Memory
Long Term Memory
Encoding
Holds information for about half a second, information that i…
Organizes information which is then passed down to long term…
Permanent storage of memories, also has unlimited amount of s…
Incoming stimuli that is translated and sent to the brain
Sensory Memory
Holds information for about half a second, information that i…
Short Term Memory
Organizes information which is then passed down to long term…
42 terms
Psychology: Memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
Sensory Memory
getting information into the brain
retaining encoded information
getting the stored information out of the brain
immediate sense; brief; recording of sensory information (fle…
Encoding
getting information into the brain
Storage
retaining encoded information
Psychology 1: Social Influence, Memory, Attachment
SOCIAL INFLUENCE
Internalisation
Identification
Compliance
...
When a person genuinely accepts group norms. ... It results in a…
When we identify with a group that we value, we want to becom…
Involves 'going along with others' in public, but privately n…
SOCIAL INFLUENCE
...
Internalisation
When a person genuinely accepts group norms. ... It results in a…
21 terms
Psychology: Memory
Memory
Episodic memory
Semantic memory
Implicit memory
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Recall of a vivid, specific event
general knowledge that most people remember
includes practical skills and learned habits
Memory
process by which we recall experiences, information, and skills
Episodic memory
Recall of a vivid, specific event
22 terms
AQA PSYCHOLOGY: MEMORY (AS)
Multi-store model of memory - Atkinson…
Sensory store
Long term memory
Short term memory
-large capacity... -forgetting due to decay... -duration 2 seconds
-unlimited capacity... -unlimited duration... -forgetting is retrie…
-capacity 7+/-2 items... -duration 20/30 seconds... -acoustic coding
Multi-store model of memory - Atkinson…
Sensory store
-large capacity... -forgetting due to decay... -duration 2 seconds
44 terms
Psychology - Memory
Role of the Hippocampus
Role of the Amygdala
Amnesia
Anterograde Amnesia
- Plays a major role in memory, learning and recognition. ... -…
- Regulates emotions such as fear and aggression and plays a…
- Any loss of memory, either partial or complete, temporary o…
- Memory loss for events AFTER the brain is damaged. ... - Inabi…
Role of the Hippocampus
- Plays a major role in memory, learning and recognition. ... -…
Role of the Amygdala
- Regulates emotions such as fear and aggression and plays a…
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