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Study sets matching "psych soc chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "psych soc chapter 8"

80 terms
Princeton Review Psychology/Sociology Chapter 8
society
Sociology
Functionalism
Emile Durkheim
A ___ can be defined as the group of people who share a cultu…
___ attempts to understand the behavior of groups. It is the…
___ is a view that conceptualizes society as a living organis…
___, considered the father of sociology, was the pioneer of m…
society
A ___ can be defined as the group of people who share a cultu…
Sociology
___ attempts to understand the behavior of groups. It is the…
25 terms
Sociology chapter 8
deviance
stigma
criminologist
strain theory
behavior that violates a significant social norm
a mark of social disgrace
social scientist that studies criminal behavior
views deviance as the natural outgrowth of society
deviance
behavior that violates a significant social norm
stigma
a mark of social disgrace
88 terms
MCAT Psychology Chapter 8 (Sociology and Demographics)
3 Traditional approaches of sociology
4 modern approaches of sociology
Glass ceiling
Social construct
Functionalism = society has diff parts each with a diff purpo…
Feminist = social experiences b/w men + women, and the differ…
Invisible barrier that limits opportunities for women in prof…
Concept/practise that everyone agrees to treat a certain way,…
3 Traditional approaches of sociology
Functionalism = society has diff parts each with a diff purpo…
4 modern approaches of sociology
Feminist = social experiences b/w men + women, and the differ…
33 terms
MCAT Psychology and Sociology Chapter 8 Identity and Personality
Personality
Self-concept
Self-discrepancy theory
Actual self
groupings of characteristics and qualities that make up a per…
our understanding of ourselves and our personalities
every person has actual self, ideal self, and our ought self
how we see ourselves at the current moment
Personality
groupings of characteristics and qualities that make up a per…
Self-concept
our understanding of ourselves and our personalities
46 terms
MCAT Psychology & Sociology Chapter 8 (Terms)
Society
Functionalism
Emile Durkheim
Dynamic Equilibrium
a group of people who share a culture and live/interact with…
a view that conceptualizes society as a living organism with…
(father of sociology) a proponent of functionalism, believing…
complex societies involve many different but interdependent p…
Society
a group of people who share a culture and live/interact with…
Functionalism
a view that conceptualizes society as a living organism with…
72 terms
Sociology Chapter 8-Sociology Stratification
Social Stratification
Four Principles of Stratification 1st
Four Principles of Stratification 2nd
Four Principles of Stratification 3rd
A system by which a society ranks categoeries of people in a…
1st - It's a trade of society, not a reflection of individual…
2nd - It carries over from generation to generation. Most peo…
3rd - it's Universal but variable... Distance between individual…
Social Stratification
A system by which a society ranks categoeries of people in a…
Four Principles of Stratification 1st
1st - It's a trade of society, not a reflection of individual…
15 terms
Sociology-Chapter 8 Vocab
Deviance
Stigma
Strain Theory
Anomie
Behavior that violates significant social norms
Mark of social disgrace that sets the deviant apart from the…
Theory of deviant behavior that views deviance as the natural…
Situation that arises when the norms of society are unclear o…
Deviance
Behavior that violates significant social norms
Stigma
Mark of social disgrace that sets the deviant apart from the…
34 terms
Psychology Chapter 8
CHAPTER 4 (ANANANTN)
Sensation
Perception
Absolute Sensory Thresholds
CHAPTER 4
a physical process; the stimulation of our sense organs by fe…
a psychological process; the act of organizing and interpreti…
The smallest amounts of a stimulus that most humans can perce…
CHAPTER 4 (ANANANTN)
CHAPTER 4
Sensation
a physical process; the stimulation of our sense organs by fe…
24 terms
sociology chapter 8
social differentiation
social stratification
socialclass
social class
status:class student vs teacher
a system of structural social inequality;which group have dif…
economic-income wealth ed/occupation... social-ed/occupation, ne…
economic-income & wealth... social-ed/occup networks... political-…
social differentiation
status:class student vs teacher
social stratification
a system of structural social inequality;which group have dif…
47 terms
chapter 8 sociology
global inequality
GNI-PPP
5.0 per 1000 live births
44 per 1000 live births
systemic disparities in income, wealth, education,access to t…
The comparitive economic measure that uses international doll…
In 2013 the most developed countries had an infant mortality…
In 2013 the less developed countries had an infant mortality…
global inequality
systemic disparities in income, wealth, education,access to t…
GNI-PPP
The comparitive economic measure that uses international doll…
Sociology chapter 8
Social stratification
For basic principles of social stratif…
Social mobility
What are three types of social mobility?
A system by which a society of ranks categories of people in…
1. A traitof society, not simply a reflection of individual d…
A change in position within the social hierarchy.
Upward: success... Downward: failure... Horizontal: stay on the sam…
Social stratification
A system by which a society of ranks categories of people in…
For basic principles of social stratif…
1. A traitof society, not simply a reflection of individual d…
9 terms
Chapter 8 Sociology Vocab
Deviant
Social Control
Sanctions
Groupthink
Departing from usual or accepted standards, especially in soc…
The regulation of individual and group behavior in an attempt…
A threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule. Positive o…
The practice of thinking or making decisions as a group in a…
Deviant
Departing from usual or accepted standards, especially in soc…
Social Control
The regulation of individual and group behavior in an attempt…
24 terms
Sociology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Social stratification
Social class
Bourgeoise
Proletariat
ranking of people or groups according to their unequal access…
segment of society whose members hold similar amounts of reso…
class that owns the means of production
class that labors without owning the means of production
Social stratification
ranking of people or groups according to their unequal access…
Social class
segment of society whose members hold similar amounts of reso…
30 terms
Sociology Chapter 8
Deviance
Stigma
Criminologists
Strain Theory
Behavior that violates significant social norms
A mark of shame or disgrace
social scientists who study criminal behavior
Views deviance as the natural outgrowth of the values, norms,…
Deviance
Behavior that violates significant social norms
Stigma
A mark of shame or disgrace
65 terms
Sociology CHAPTER 8
social action
social interaction
Yerkes-Dodson law of social facilitation
social facilitation
action of individual surrounded by others
behavior and actions of two or more individuals who take one…
simple tasks: being in presence of others (more arousal)=incr…
how an individual performs when around other people
social action
action of individual surrounded by others
social interaction
behavior and actions of two or more individuals who take one…
19 terms
Sociology Chapter 8
Social Stratification
Social inequality
class system
Bourgeoisie
the process of dividing societies into categories, ranks, or…
the unequal sharing of scarce resources and social rewards
a system of social strarification in which distribution of sc…
owners of the means of production in a capitalist society
Social Stratification
the process of dividing societies into categories, ranks, or…
Social inequality
the unequal sharing of scarce resources and social rewards
21 terms
Sociology Chapter 8 Key Terms
Stigma
Criminologists
Strain Theory
Anomie
A mark of social disgrace that sets the deviant apart from th…
Social Scientists who study criminal behavior.
Views deviance as the natural outgrowth of the values, norms,…
The situation that arises when the norms of society are uncle…
Stigma
A mark of social disgrace that sets the deviant apart from th…
Criminologists
Social Scientists who study criminal behavior.
38 terms
Sociology chapter 8
Social stratification
Social class
Karl Marx and Max Weber
Burgeoise
The creation of the layers of a population who possess an equ…
A segment of the population whose members hold a relatively s…
Made the most significant early contributions to the study of…
Owned capital and Would be the rulers
Social stratification
The creation of the layers of a population who possess an equ…
Social class
A segment of the population whose members hold a relatively s…
37 terms
Beach Sociology Chapter 8
Social stratification
Social inequality
Slavery
Caste system
The division of society into groups arranged in a social hier…
The unequal distribution of wealth, power, or prestige among…
The most extreme form of social stratification, based on the…
A form of social stratification in which status is determined…
Social stratification
The division of society into groups arranged in a social hier…
Social inequality
The unequal distribution of wealth, power, or prestige among…
26 terms
Chapter 8 deviance - Sociology
Deviance
The 'Becker quote'
If the Becker statemnt is correct then…
Deviant actions
Violation of social norms and rules
" It's not the act itself, but the reactions to the act that…
A) Based of the group your in... B) Completely relative... C) Going…
Any behavior defined by the social group as:... A) Criminal ... B)…
Deviance
Violation of social norms and rules
The 'Becker quote'
" It's not the act itself, but the reactions to the act that…
21 terms
Sociology Chapter 8 Vocab
social stratification
social class
bourgeoisie
proletariat
ranking of people or groups according to their unequal access…
segment of society whose members hold similar amounts of reso…
class that owns the means of production
class tha labors without owning the means of production
social stratification
ranking of people or groups according to their unequal access…
social class
segment of society whose members hold similar amounts of reso…
21 terms
Chapter 8 Sociology Vocab
1. Deviance
2. Crime
3. Social Control
4. Criminal Justice System
The recognized violation of cultural norms
The violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law
Attempts by society to regulate people's thought and behavior
A formal response by police, courts, and prison officials to…
1. Deviance
The recognized violation of cultural norms
2. Crime
The violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law
34 terms
Sociology Chapter 8
Social stratification
Open stratification system
Closed stratification system
Slavery
The hierarchical ranking of people in a society who have diff…
This system is based on individual achievement and allows mov…
In this system, movement from one social position to another…
In this, an extreme form of inequality, people own others as…
Social stratification
The hierarchical ranking of people in a society who have diff…
Open stratification system
This system is based on individual achievement and allows mov…
8 terms
Sociology Chapter 8
E-readiness
Digital divide
Planned obsolescence
Media globalization
The ability to sort through, interpret, and process digital k…
The uneven access to technology around race, class, and geogr…
When a technology company plans for a product to be obsolete…
The worldwide integration of media through the cross-cultural…
E-readiness
The ability to sort through, interpret, and process digital k…
Digital divide
The uneven access to technology around race, class, and geogr…
57 terms
Sociology Chapter 8
Approximately how many of people who m…
Remarriage is becoming ___ common amon…
There are patterns of inequality for b…
Single parents (especially mothers) ha…
2/3
more
cohabitation and marriage experiences
4
Approximately how many of people who m…
2/3
Remarriage is becoming ___ common amon…
more
13 terms
Chapter 8 Vocab sociology
Capital Punishment
Corporate Crime
Criminal Justice System
Deviance
Death Penalty
the illegal actions of a corporation or people acting on its…
the system of law enforcement that is directly involved in ap…
Behavior that violates the standards of conduct or expectatio…
Capital Punishment
Death Penalty
Corporate Crime
the illegal actions of a corporation or people acting on its…
23 terms
Sociology chapter 8
assimilation
authoritarian personality
compartmentalize
discrimination
the process by which a minority is absorbed into the mainstre…
Theodor Adorno's term for people who are prejudiced and rank…
to separate acts from feelings or attitudes
an act of unfair treatment directed against an individual or…
assimilation
the process by which a minority is absorbed into the mainstre…
authoritarian personality
Theodor Adorno's term for people who are prejudiced and rank…
45 terms
Sociology Chapter 8
Social inequality
Stratification
Ascribed status
Achieved status
People have different amount of wealth, prestige and power.
Structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuate…
Social position assigned to a person without regard for the p…
Social position that a person attains largely from his of her…
Social inequality
People have different amount of wealth, prestige and power.
Stratification
Structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuate…
47 terms
sociology chapter 8
agents of social control
capital punishment
collective conscience
control theory
the authorities and social institutions that enforce norms an…
the death penalty
the shared norms, beliefs and values in a community
a theory that suggests that our behavior is regulated by the…
agents of social control
the authorities and social institutions that enforce norms an…
capital punishment
the death penalty
7 terms
Sociology Chapter 8 terms
Absolutism
Criminalization
Deterrence Theory
Deviance
Approach to defining deviance that rests on the assumption th…
Official definition of an act of deviance as a crime.
Theory of deviance posting that people will be prevented from…
Behavior, ideas, or attributes of an individual or group that…
Absolutism
Approach to defining deviance that rests on the assumption th…
Criminalization
Official definition of an act of deviance as a crime.
63 terms
Sociology Chapter 8
Social stratification
4 important principles of social strat…
Social mobility
Closed systems
a system by which society ranks categories of people in a hie…
1. Social stratification is a trait of society, not simply a…
a change in position within the social hierarchy
allow little change in social position... -Caste systems
Social stratification
a system by which society ranks categories of people in a hie…
4 important principles of social strat…
1. Social stratification is a trait of society, not simply a…
Sociology - Chapter 8
Deviance
Stigma
5 Social Functions of Deviance
Clarify Norms
Behavior that violates significant social norms
Mark of social disgrace
Clarify Norms, Unify Groups, Diffuse Tension, Social Change,…
defines the boundaries of acceptable behavior - death penalty
Deviance
Behavior that violates significant social norms
Stigma
Mark of social disgrace
32 terms
Psychology & Sociology Chapter 8: Social Processes, Attitudes, & Behavior
Social action
Yerkes-Dodson Law
How are simple/familiar and complex ta…
Social facilitation
Behaviors we perform because others are around (different fro…
Arousal (i.e. from being in the presence of others) vs. perfo…
Yerkes-Dodson Law. Arousal (i.e. from being in the presence o…
We exhibit changes in performance when being watched. Better…
Social action
Behaviors we perform because others are around (different fro…
Yerkes-Dodson Law
Arousal (i.e. from being in the presence of others) vs. perfo…
38 terms
Sociology Chapter 8
What is Social Stratification?
Identify four principles that underlin…
Social Mobility
Caste system
A system by which society ranks categories of people in a hie…
Social stratification is a trait of society, not simply a ref…
change in position within the social hierarch.
social stratification based on ascription or birth
What is Social Stratification?
A system by which society ranks categories of people in a hie…
Identify four principles that underlin…
Social stratification is a trait of society, not simply a ref…
25 terms
Sociology Chapter8 vocab
poverty
poverty level
life chances
life expectancy
standard of living that is below the minimum level considered…
minimum annual income needed by a family to survive
likelihood individuals have of sharing in the opportunities a…
average number of years a person born in a particular year ca…
poverty
standard of living that is below the minimum level considered…
poverty level
minimum annual income needed by a family to survive
64 terms
Chapter 8 Sociology
Social Stratification
Life Chances
Resources
Open system
the hierarchical arrangement of large social groups based on…
(Under Social Stratification) the extent to which individuals…
anything valued in society
boundaries between levels of hierarchies are more flexible an…
Social Stratification
the hierarchical arrangement of large social groups based on…
Life Chances
(Under Social Stratification) the extent to which individuals…
11 terms
Sociology Chapter 8
deviance
stigma
criminologist
strain theory
behavior that violates social norms
social disgrace that set the deviant apart from the rest of s…
scientist who studies criminal behavior
deviance as the natural outgrowth of the values, norms, or st…
deviance
behavior that violates social norms
stigma
social disgrace that set the deviant apart from the rest of s…
21 terms
Sociology Chapter 8 Vocab
social stratification
social class
bourgeoisie
proletariat
ranking of people or groups according to their unequal access…
segment of society whose members hold similar amounts of reso…
class that owns the means of production
class tha labors without owning the means of production
social stratification
ranking of people or groups according to their unequal access…
social class
segment of society whose members hold similar amounts of reso…
21 terms
Sociology and You Chapter 8
social stratification
social class
bourgeoisie
proletariat
ranking of people according to their unequal access to resour…
segment of society whose members hold similar amounts of reso…
class that owns the means of production
class that labors without owning the means of production
social stratification
ranking of people according to their unequal access to resour…
social class
segment of society whose members hold similar amounts of reso…
18 terms
Johnsen Sociology Chapter 8
social stratification
social class
bourgeoisie
proletariat
the ranking of people or groups according to their unequal ac…
a segment of society of society whose members have similar ec…
the class that owns the means of production
the class that labors without owning the means of production
social stratification
the ranking of people or groups according to their unequal ac…
social class
a segment of society of society whose members have similar ec…
42 terms
Sociology 1020 chapter 8
Racial group
Ethnic group
A numerical minority
A minority group
A category set apart and treated differently because of perce…
A category set apart because of national origin or distinctiv…
Makes up less than half of some larger population
Subordinate group whose members have significantly less contr…
Racial group
A category set apart and treated differently because of perce…
Ethnic group
A category set apart because of national origin or distinctiv…
16 terms
Chapter 8&9 Review - Psychology
Long-Term Memory (LTM)
Amnesia
Overlearning
Mnemonic Device
retains information for hours, days, months, years
blocking old memories
developing perfect retention
unusual memory associations
Long-Term Memory (LTM)
retains information for hours, days, months, years
Amnesia
blocking old memories
39 terms
Sociology Chapter 8
Absolute Poverty
Ascription
Capitalists
Caste Societies
The minimal requirements necessary to sustain a healthy exist…
Placement in a particular social status based on characterist…
People who own companies, land, or stocks (shares) and use th…
Societies in which different social levels are closed, so tha…
Absolute Poverty
The minimal requirements necessary to sustain a healthy exist…
Ascription
Placement in a particular social status based on characterist…
15 terms
Intro Sociology barkan chapter 8
sex
primary sex characteristics
secondary sex characteristics
gender
the anatomical and other biological differences between femal…
Anotomical and other biological differences between females a…
Biological differences between females and males that emerge…
the social and cultural differences a society assigns to peop…
sex
the anatomical and other biological differences between femal…
primary sex characteristics
Anotomical and other biological differences between females a…
28 terms
Sociology Chapter 8 - Social Stratification
Social Stratification
Social mobility
Caste system - Closed Systems
Class system - Open Systems
A system by which a society ranks categoeries of people in a…
A change in position within the social hierarchy
Social stratification based on ascription or birth.... Allows li…
Social stratification based on both birth and individual achi…
Social Stratification
A system by which a society ranks categoeries of people in a…
Social mobility
A change in position within the social hierarchy
10 terms
Introduction to Sociology Chapter 8
Social Inequality
Wealth
Slavery
castes
A condition in which members of society have differing amount…
All of a person's material assets including land, stocks, and…
A system of enforced servitude in which some people are owned…
A hereditary rank, usually religiously dictated, that tends t…
Social Inequality
A condition in which members of society have differing amount…
Wealth
All of a person's material assets including land, stocks, and…
7 terms
Sociology Chapter 8
Gender
Gender identities
Gender roles
Patriarchy
The sociocultural distinction between males and females
The conceptions we have of ourselves as being male or female
Sets of cultural expectations that define the ways in which t…
A system of social organization in which men have a dispropor…
Gender
The sociocultural distinction between males and females
Gender identities
The conceptions we have of ourselves as being male or female
47 terms
Sociology: Chapter 8 Deviance
Not all norm violations are considered…
Deviance varies from?
How do you become deviant?
What are two components to labeling so…
Deviant acts
Society to society
1. Repeat an offense... 2. Committing an act that has serious co…
1. Must be detected committing a deviant act... 2. Stigma
Not all norm violations are considered…
Deviant acts
Deviance varies from?
Society to society
11 terms
Sociology Chapter 8
Slavery, Caste system, and class
Slavery
Caste System
Class
3 Stratification systems
where one person owns another person; closed stratification s…
locked in based upon where family is located in system (CLOSE…
able to move from one class to another; based off achievement…
Slavery, Caste system, and class
3 Stratification systems
Slavery
where one person owns another person; closed stratification s…
29 terms
Sociology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Deviance
Crime
Stigma
Social Order
the violation of norms (or rules or expectations)
the violation of norms written into law
"blemishes" that discredit a person's claim to a "normal" ide…
a group's usual and customary social arrangements on which it…
Deviance
the violation of norms (or rules or expectations)
Crime
the violation of norms written into law
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