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Study sets matching "psych social groups"

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Study sets matching "psych social groups"

20 terms
Social psychology - social groups
Definition of an in-group
Definition of an out-group
Examples of groups
What is intergroup bias -
a social group with which a person psychologically identifies…
a social group with which a person does not psychologically i…
age, gender, class, language religion. We have multiple groups
systematic tendancies to perceive own group more favourable t…
Definition of an in-group
a social group with which a person psychologically identifies…
Definition of an out-group
a social group with which a person does not psychologically i…
80 terms
Social Psychology: Group Dynamics
Group
Group Cohesion
b
Social Cohesion Approach
A number of people or things that are located close together…
The action or fact of forming a united whole.
_______ is stronger in one's own group, even if the group is…
Suggests that group formation comes out of bonds of interpers…
Group
A number of people or things that are located close together…
Group Cohesion
The action or fact of forming a united whole.
20 terms
Social Psychology - Groups
group
motivations to join a group
dynamics of group membership
group cohesiveness
A set of individuals who have at least one of the following c…
○ Need for affiliation... ○ Rewards of affiliation... ○ Info source…
roles, norms, and cohesion
the forces exerted on a group that push its members closer to…
group
A set of individuals who have at least one of the following c…
motivations to join a group
○ Need for affiliation... ○ Rewards of affiliation... ○ Info source…
86 terms
Social Psychology - Groups & Leadership
group
entitativity
sociobiological explanation
cognitive explanation
two or more people who share a common definition and evaluati…
property of a group that makes it seem coherent, distinct and…
groups are an effect of adaptation in evolution; helped human…
groups help us to understand the world; reduce uncertainty
group
two or more people who share a common definition and evaluati…
entitativity
property of a group that makes it seem coherent, distinct and…
13 terms
Social Psychology: Group Dynamics
Social Group
Norms
In-groups
Out-groups
2 or more ppl sharing common goals and intersts, interacting,…
Implicit or explicit rules for all groups member about behavi…
Groups of which we are members; tend to attribute positive id…
Groups of which we are not members; tend to attribute negativ…
Social Group
2 or more ppl sharing common goals and intersts, interacting,…
Norms
Implicit or explicit rules for all groups member about behavi…
9 terms
Social Psychology: Groups
Group
Opposite of Group
Deindividuation
Social Facilitation
Collection of people usually doing something or being about s…
Outgroup: rivals that are competing with the group
People lose awareness of their individuality and instead imme…
Change in behavior that occurs when people believe they are i…
Group
Collection of people usually doing something or being about s…
Opposite of Group
Outgroup: rivals that are competing with the group
10 terms
Social Psychology: Groups
group
benefits and disadvantages of group di…
groups can cause outgroup
deindividuation
collection of people... usually doing something or being something
- more creative and flexible ... - may bring different informati…
- groups can have a rival or enemy group , frequently the out…
loss of self-awareness in favor of a group identity ... can caus…
group
collection of people... usually doing something or being something
benefits and disadvantages of group di…
- more creative and flexible ... - may bring different informati…
19 terms
Social Psychology: Groups
Social Facilitation
Dominant Response
Evaluative Apprehension
Distraction-Conflict Theory
Initially: the idea that the presence of others facilitates h…
The response that a person is inclined to make; arousal from…
A concern about looking bad in the eye's of others, about bei…
A theory based on the idea that being aware of another person…
Social Facilitation
Initially: the idea that the presence of others facilitates h…
Dominant Response
The response that a person is inclined to make; arousal from…
27 terms
Groups Quiz- Social Psychology
Groups
Ways that groups can differ
Why do we join groups?
Task Performance
two or more interacting persons who share common goals, have…
Size ... Goals/Values ... Duration... Scope of Activities
Satisfy need to belong ... Can help us achieve goals... Provide sec…
how protective we are working alone in presence of others
Groups
two or more interacting persons who share common goals, have…
Ways that groups can differ
Size ... Goals/Values ... Duration... Scope of Activities
27 terms
Social Psychology 220: Groups
Group
Why do we join groups?
What are the costs of joining a group?
Group Social Norms
A collection of two or more people who interact with each oth…
1. It is a basic human need ... 2. Group Social Norms; these are…
1. You may lose yourself (ex: Stanford Prison Experiment)... 2.…
Unwritten rules about how to behave in a group. They provide…
Group
A collection of two or more people who interact with each oth…
Why do we join groups?
1. It is a basic human need ... 2. Group Social Norms; these are…
12 terms
Social Psychology: Group Dynamics
Group Dynamics
Social Loafing
Social Control
Personal Control
all groups have norms or rules about how each member of that…
when individuals do not put in as much effort when acting as…
power of the situation to change your behaviour (dispositional)
power of the individual to control their own behavior
Group Dynamics
all groups have norms or rules about how each member of that…
Social Loafing
when individuals do not put in as much effort when acting as…
19 terms
Social Psychology: Group Behavior
Social facilitation
Mere presence theory
Norman Triplett Study
Zajonc Study
The tendencey for people to perform differently in the presen…
Presence of other enhances our performance on simple tasks bu…
Reeling in fish; competition was the biggest drive for people…
-Presence of others creates a non-specific drive which energi…
Social facilitation
The tendencey for people to perform differently in the presen…
Mere presence theory
Presence of other enhances our performance on simple tasks bu…
17 terms
Social Psychology: Groups
Deindividuation
Why does deindividuation occur?
Steiner's Classification
Zajonc's Drive Theory
Increases the tendency to follow the norms of the group. Resu…
-Reduced evaluation apprehension... -Reduced self awareness
-Additive: Pool the groups effort (tug of war)... -Compensatory:…
The presence of others automatically produces arousal which d…
Deindividuation
Increases the tendency to follow the norms of the group. Resu…
Why does deindividuation occur?
-Reduced evaluation apprehension... -Reduced self awareness
41 terms
Social Psychology of the Self in Groups
social brain hypothesis
in-groups
outgroups
outgroup homogeneity effect
primates have large brains because they live in dynamic and c…
groups to which particular people belong ... powerfully connect…
those to which they don't belong ... identify other groups as f…
people tend to view outgroup members as less varied than in-g…
social brain hypothesis
primates have large brains because they live in dynamic and c…
in-groups
groups to which particular people belong ... powerfully connect…
13 terms
The Social Psychology of Groups
What is a group (Shaw, 1981)
Why joining a group?
Minimal group situation
Interacting groups
A set of individuals who interact and influence one another a…
- Protection against threat and uncertainty... - A sense of pers…
- Social facilitation... - Social loafing
- Group polarisation... - Groupthink
What is a group (Shaw, 1981)
A set of individuals who interact and influence one another a…
Why joining a group?
- Protection against threat and uncertainty... - A sense of pers…
7 terms
Social Psychology: Social Influence and Groups
social influence
group
status
social supporter
the process by which social groups and individuals exert pres…
two or more people who interact with one another, perceive th…
the social standing of someone in a group
a group member who dissenting views make non-conformity to th…
social influence
the process by which social groups and individuals exert pres…
group
two or more people who interact with one another, perceive th…
17 terms
Social Psychology: Groups and Power
Group
Entativity
3 factors that contribute to perceptio…
Gramzow and Gaertner (2005) ... What wer…
a Collection of at least two people who are doing or being so…
How much the group is seen as a single unit ... How "group-like…
Proximity, Similarity (Looks, beliefs), and shared fate
P's saw pictures and asked how many of an item are in the pic…
Group
a Collection of at least two people who are doing or being so…
Entativity
How much the group is seen as a single unit ... How "group-like…
17 terms
Individuals and Groups - Social Psychology
group polarization
groupthink
diffusion of responsibility
social loafing
polaryzacja grupowa
syndrom grupowego myślenia
rozproszenie (dyfuzja) odpowiedzialności
próżniactwo społeczne
group polarization
polaryzacja grupowa
groupthink
syndrom grupowego myślenia
16 terms
Social Psychology: Groups
American Model of Groups
European Model of Groups
Primary Group
Secondary Group
People who are in dynamic interaction with one another
"If I/we perceive ourselves to be part of the same social cat…
Small and everyone knows each other
Group of people like a classroom
American Model of Groups
People who are in dynamic interaction with one another
European Model of Groups
"If I/we perceive ourselves to be part of the same social cat…
Groups Social Psychology Chapter 12
Social Facilitation
Dominant Response
Evaluation Apprehension
Distraction-Conflict Theory
Initially a term for enhanced performance in the presence of…
In an individual's hierarchy of responses, the response he or…
People's concern about how they might appear in the eyes of o…
A theory based on the idea that being aware of another person…
Social Facilitation
Initially a term for enhanced performance in the presence of…
Dominant Response
In an individual's hierarchy of responses, the response he or…
12 terms
Social psychology- groups
Social self
Individual self
Relational self
Collective self
Working self concept; we use a subset of our self-knowledge a…
Personal traits, abilities, preferences, tastes, talents etc
Sense of oneself in specific relationship se.g. Hard working…
Beliefs about our identities as members of social groups
Social self
Working self concept; we use a subset of our self-knowledge a…
Individual self
Personal traits, abilities, preferences, tastes, talents etc
31 terms
Social Psychology of the Self in Groups
Social Psychology
outgroup homogeneity effect
social facilitation
Zajonc's model of increased arousal
the study of how people influence other people's thoughts, fe…
the tendency to view outgroup members as less varied than ing…
a process whereby the presence of others enhances performance
presence of other people--> increased arousal--strengthens ou…
Social Psychology
the study of how people influence other people's thoughts, fe…
outgroup homogeneity effect
the tendency to view outgroup members as less varied than ing…
Social Psychology: Perceiving Groups
Perceiving Groups
What is a Group
Stereotypes
Formation of Stereotypes
means of understanding others.
1)Two or more persons perceived as having one or more of th…
-Cognitive Beliefs about individuals based on group membershi…
1) Social Categorization ... 2) Outgroup Homogeneity Bias
Perceiving Groups
means of understanding others.
What is a Group
1)Two or more persons perceived as having one or more of th…
65 terms
Social Psychology- Chapter 9 Groups
Martin Luther King Jr. and Mahatma Gan…
Consider the following destructive act…
Integrative solutions to conflict are…
A leadership style that is warm, helpf…
The group norm was non-violence.
deindividuation.
adversaries understand their opponents' priorities.
communal; agentic
Martin Luther King Jr. and Mahatma Gan…
The group norm was non-violence.
Consider the following destructive act…
deindividuation.
10 terms
Social Psychology - Groups and Attitudes
Self-perception Theory
Groupthink
Fundamental Attribution Error
Impression Management Theory
Theory that we acquire our attitudes by observing our behaviors
The practice of thinking or making decisions as a group, resu…
Emphasis on personal characteristics, rather than situational…
Theory that we do not really change our attitudes, but report…
Self-perception Theory
Theory that we acquire our attitudes by observing our behaviors
Groupthink
The practice of thinking or making decisions as a group, resu…
39 terms
Social Psychology: Group processes
Group
Social brain hypothesis
Roles
Norms
A set of individuals who interact over time and have shared f…
The unusually large size of primates' brains evolved because…
- Set of expected behaviours... - Group members serve different…
- Rules of conduct for membership can be formal or informal.…
Group
A set of individuals who interact over time and have shared f…
Social brain hypothesis
The unusually large size of primates' brains evolved because…
11 terms
Social Psychology - Group Proccesses
Group
Collective
Social Dilemmas
Social Loafing
2 or more interacting who share common interests or goals. ex…
People engaged in common activities. ex. People on a plane
A situation in which a self-interested choice by everyone cre…
People tend to slack off in the group. Exert less effort to a…
Group
2 or more interacting who share common interests or goals. ex…
Collective
People engaged in common activities. ex. People on a plane
Social Psychology - Group processes
Group
Group cohesiveness
Social facilitation
Mere presence theory
A set of individuals who interact over time and have shared f…
The extent to which forces push group members closer together…
A process whereby the presence of others enhances performance…
The proposition that the mere presence of others is sufficien…
Group
A set of individuals who interact over time and have shared f…
Group cohesiveness
The extent to which forces push group members closer together…
40 terms
Social Psychology: Chapter 9 Groups
Group
Whats the deal with groups??
Give an example of what wouldn't be co…
Homogeneity of Groups
3 or more people who interact and are interdependent in the s…
-people have a strong need to belong to groups (possibly evol…
ex) a large university is not a group because you do not inte…
1) many groups attract people who are already similar before…
Group
3 or more people who interact and are interdependent in the s…
Whats the deal with groups??
-people have a strong need to belong to groups (possibly evol…
39 terms
Social Psychology: Group Influence
Group
Why join a group?
Social Facilitation
Research: Triplett (1898)
two or more people who interact, influence one another and sh…
A. attain goals/complete tasks... B. Social identity/social rela…
Mere presence of other affect behavior. Boosts performance of…
Bicyclists rode faster with other bicyclists then when racing…
Group
two or more people who interact, influence one another and sh…
Why join a group?
A. attain goals/complete tasks... B. Social identity/social rela…
16 terms
Social Psychology Groups Quiz
group
drive theory
evaluation apprehension theory
distraction conflict theory
two or more interacting persons who share common goals, have…
mere presence of others is arousing
others are evaluating the quality of our performance
an audience is distracting
group
two or more interacting persons who share common goals, have…
drive theory
mere presence of others is arousing
12 terms
Social Psychology- Group/Group Thinking
Social Facilitation
Social Loafing
Deindividuation
Crowding and Arousal
the strengthening of dominant (prevalent, likely) responses i…
the tendency for people to exert less effort when they pool…
loss of self-awareness and evaluation and evaluation response…
With others present, we perspire more, breathe faster, have t…
Social Facilitation
the strengthening of dominant (prevalent, likely) responses i…
Social Loafing
the tendency for people to exert less effort when they pool…
social psychology group processes
Social Facilitation
Mirror presence of others
Social inhibitation
Views on social facilitation
there is an improvement in performance on a task when a perso…
when other people are present it can help improve our perform…
occurs when mirror presence of others is detrimental to perfo…
1. innate drive... 2. evaluation apprehension... 3. distraction con…
Social Facilitation
there is an improvement in performance on a task when a perso…
Mirror presence of others
when other people are present it can help improve our perform…
11 terms
Social Psychology - Group Processes
What are collectives?
What are interactive groups?
How does the presence of others effect…
How do expectations about a task influ…
Groups in which people engage in common activities but with m…
Groups in which members have extensive interactions with each…
Enhances performance on easy tasks, impairs performance on di…
When people expect a successful performance, they will do bet…
What are collectives?
Groups in which people engage in common activities but with m…
What are interactive groups?
Groups in which members have extensive interactions with each…
27 terms
Group Psychology & Social Processes
Social Facilitation
Deindividuation
3 Factors of Deindividuation
Bystander Effect
is the tendency that people have to perform simple tasks bett…
- is the tendency people have to lose their sense of self-awa…
1) Anonymity... 2) Diffused Responsibility... 3) Group Size
- often referred to as bystander apathy... - is a phenomenon of…
Social Facilitation
is the tendency that people have to perform simple tasks bett…
Deindividuation
- is the tendency people have to lose their sense of self-awa…
41 terms
Social/Group Psychology
Social facilitation
conformity
low self-esteem
evaluation apprehension
you perform better in front of an audience
adopt behavior of others due to social pressure
people with what conform more
concern over the opinions of others
Social facilitation
you perform better in front of an audience
conformity
adopt behavior of others due to social pressure
21 terms
Social Psychology: Group processes
group cohesiveness
social facilitation
mere presence theory
evaluation apprehension theory
the extent to which forces push group members close together,…
the process in which the presence of others enhances performa…
the proposition that the mere presence of others is sufficien…
a theory that the presence of others will produce social faci…
group cohesiveness
the extent to which forces push group members close together,…
social facilitation
the process in which the presence of others enhances performa…
16 terms
Social Psychology Group Processes
Group
Social Facilitation
Evaluation Apprehension
Social Loafing
Two or more people who interact and are interdependent in the…
When people are in the presence of others and their individua…
The concern about being judged
When people are in the presence of others and their individua…
Group
Two or more people who interact and are interdependent in the…
Social Facilitation
When people are in the presence of others and their individua…
25 terms
Social Psychology: Group Influence
Group
Social Facilitation
Crowding: The presence of many others
Evaluation apprehension
Two or more people who for longer than a few moments interact…
Strengthening of dominant responses whether correct or incorr…
-Effect of others' presence increases with their number... -bein…
Concern for how others are evaluating us... -run faster when we…
Group
Two or more people who for longer than a few moments interact…
Social Facilitation
Strengthening of dominant responses whether correct or incorr…
20 terms
Social Psychology -- Group Behavior
common identity groups
common bond groups
Role of arousal
Social facilitation
share common category or similarity and perceive one another…
2+ people who interact with and influence each other and perc…
performance increases with arousal to certain extent, when ar…
helps performance... "when people are in the presence of others…
common identity groups
share common category or similarity and perceive one another…
common bond groups
2+ people who interact with and influence each other and perc…
21 terms
Social Psychology: Group processes
group cohesiveness
social facilitation
mere presence theory
evaluation apprehension theory
the extent to which forces push group members close together,…
the process in which the presence of others enhances performa…
the proposition that the mere presence of others is sufficien…
a theory that the presence of others will produce social faci…
group cohesiveness
the extent to which forces push group members close together,…
social facilitation
the process in which the presence of others enhances performa…
10 terms
Social Psychology: Group Processes
Group
Social Roles
Social Norms
Group Cohesiveness
Three or more people who interact and are interdependent in t…
Shared expectations in a group about how particular people ar…
Specify how all group members should act
Qualities of a group that bind members together and promote l…
Group
Three or more people who interact and are interdependent in t…
Social Roles
Shared expectations in a group about how particular people ar…
Social Psychology: Group Processes
Social Facilitation
Why does the presence of others produc…
Social Loafing
Combating Social Loafing
-The mere presence of other people can influence behavior... -T…
-Mere presence theory-Zajonc... -Increase in arousal accounts f…
-same project: some students do less work... -People may not alw…
-Make the input of each individual readily identifiable ... -Inc…
Social Facilitation
-The mere presence of other people can influence behavior... -T…
Why does the presence of others produc…
-Mere presence theory-Zajonc... -Increase in arousal accounts f…
18 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 14 - Groups
Group
Deindividuation
Evaluation apprehension
Dominant response
a collection of at least two people who are doing or being so…
the loss of self-awareness and of individual accountability i…
concern about how others are evaluating your performance
the most common response in a given situation
Group
a collection of at least two people who are doing or being so…
Deindividuation
the loss of self-awareness and of individual accountability i…
18 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 14 Groups
group
deindividuation
evaluation apprehension
dominant response
a collection of at least two people who are doing or being so…
loss of self-awareness and of individual accountability in a…
concern about how others are evaluating your performance
the most common response in a given situation
group
a collection of at least two people who are doing or being so…
deindividuation
loss of self-awareness and of individual accountability in a…
13 terms
Social Psychology: Group and Social Influence
Social loafing
Group polarization
Group think
Symptoms of group thinking
Factors that increase his social loafing... - Group members are…
When members of the group tend to take a more extreme positio…
Tendency of group members to suspend critical thinking becaus…
- illusion of and vulnerability... - illusion of unanimity... - Dir…
Social loafing
Factors that increase his social loafing... - Group members are…
Group polarization
When members of the group tend to take a more extreme positio…
18 terms
Groups Social Psychology Chapter 12
Social Facilitation
Dominant Response
Evaluation Apprehension
Distraction-Conflict Theory
Initially a term for enhanced performance in the presence of…
In an individual's hierarchy of responses, the response he or…
People's concern about how they might appear in the eyes of o…
A theory based on the idea that being aware of another person…
Social Facilitation
Initially a term for enhanced performance in the presence of…
Dominant Response
In an individual's hierarchy of responses, the response he or…
11 terms
Social Psychology (Group Processes
Group
Benefits of groups
Social norms
Social Roles
Consist of three or more people who interact and are interdep…
Important part of our identity, helping us define who we are…
Powerful determinant of our behavior. All societies have thes…
Shared expectations in a group about how particular people ar…
Group
Consist of three or more people who interact and are interdep…
Benefits of groups
Important part of our identity, helping us define who we are…
18 terms
social psychology chapter 14- groups
group
deindividuation
evaluation apprehension
dominant response
a collection of at least two people who are doing or being so…
the loss of self-awareness and of individual accountability i…
concern about how others are evaluating your performance
the most common response in a given situation
group
a collection of at least two people who are doing or being so…
deindividuation
the loss of self-awareness and of individual accountability i…
46 terms
Social Psychology of Groups Exam 1
Pragmatism
The 4 basic assumptions of pragmatism
3 Themes for how George Herbert Mead d…
Blumer: 3 Guiding Assumptions about SI
Symbolic Interactionism came from this philosophical traditio…
1) The nature of reality, 2) the nature of the human knower,…
1) Emergence, 2) Process, 3) Agency
1) Humans act towards things on the basis of the meanings tho…
Pragmatism
Symbolic Interactionism came from this philosophical traditio…
The 4 basic assumptions of pragmatism
1) The nature of reality, 2) the nature of the human knower,…
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